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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646715/understanding-the-prevalence-of-lifetime-abstinence-from-alcohol-an-ecological-study
#1
Charlotte Probst, Jakob Manthey, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: The level of alcohol consumption and related burden in a country are strongly impacted by the prevalence of abstinence from alcohol use. The objective of this study was to characterize the association of lifetime abstinence from alcohol use with economic wealth (as measured in the gross domestic product [GDP]) and Muslim religion on a country level. METHODS: An ecological study was performed using aggregate data of 183 countries for the year 2010. Lifetime abstinence among men and women was predicted using fractional response regression models with the natural logarithm of GDP-PPP (purchasing power parity) and the proportion of Muslim population as predictors...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643600/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-italy
#2
Mario Battaglia, Gisela Kobelt, Michela Ponzio, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Johan Dalén
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643599/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-austria
#3
Thomas Berger, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643598/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-belgium
#4
Benedicte Dubois, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643597/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-spain
#5
Celia Oreja-Guevara, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Jennifer Eriksson
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed, outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption, work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643596/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-switzerland
#6
Pasquale Calabrese, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Jennifer Eriksson
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643595/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-the-netherlands
#7
Bernard Uitdehaag, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Johan Dalén
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643593/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-germany
#8
Peter Flachenecker, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643591/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-hungary
#9
Márta Péntek, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Johan Dalén, Zita Bíró, Klotild Mátyás, Sámuel Komoly
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption, work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643589/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-denmark
#10
Peter Vestergaard Rasmussen, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl
BACKGROUND: To estimate the value of treatments in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with cost data. This, in turn, requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting current data on resource consumption, work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643588/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-france
#11
Christine Lebrun-Frenay, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643587/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-the-united-kingdom
#12
Alan Thompson, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Jennifer Eriksson, David Miller
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643586/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-for-poland
#13
Krzysztof Selmaj, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Ewa Orlewska, Daniela Capsa, Johan Dalén
BACKGROUND: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 European countries collecting current data on resource consumption, work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643584/new-insights-into-the-burden-and-costs-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-europe-results-of-the-czech-republic
#14
Eva Havrdova, Gisela Kobelt, Jenny Berg, Daniela Capsa, Mia Gannedahl, Tomáš Doležal
INTRODUCTION: In order to estimate the value of interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) - where lifetime costs and outcomes cannot be observed - outcome data have to be combined with costs. This requires that cost data be regularly updated. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This study is part of a cross-sectional retrospective study in 16 countries collecting data on resource consumption and work capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and prevalent symptoms for patients with MS...
August 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642641/inequality-in-human-capital-and-endogenous-credit-constraints
#15
Rong Hai, James J Heckman
This paper investigates the determinants of inequality in human capital with an emphasis on the role of the credit constraints. We develop and estimate a model in which individuals face uninsured human capital risks and invest in education, acquire work experience, accumulate assets and smooth consumption. Agents can borrow from the private lending market and from government student loan programs. The private market credit limit is explicitly derived by extending the natural borrowing limit of Aiyagari (1994) to incorporate endogenous labor supply, human capital accumulation, psychic costs of working, and age...
April 2017: Review of Economic Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637633/physical-activity-correlates-among-people-with-psychosis-data-from-47-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Fiona Gaughran, Kai G Kahl, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Andre F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia engage in low levels of physical activity (PA). However, few large-scale studies have investigated the factors that may influence PA participation in individuals with psychosis and data from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is especially scarce. Thus, we investigated PA correlates in a large sample of people with a psychosis diagnosis across 47 LMICs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Survey, restricting to those with a self-reported lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia/psychotic disorder, was analyzed...
June 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631526/lifetime-experience-with-classic-psychedelics-predicts-pro-environmental-behavior-through-an-increase-in-nature-relatedness
#17
Matthias Forstmann, Christina Sagioglou
In a large-scale ( N = 1487) general population online study, we investigated the relationship between past experience with classic psychedelic substances (e.g. LSD, psilocybin, mescaline), nature relatedness, and ecological behavior (e.g. saving water, recycling). Using structural equation modeling we found that experience with classic psychedelics uniquely predicted self-reported engagement in pro-environmental behaviors, and that this relationship was statistically explained by people's degree of self-identification with nature...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629135/unequal-probability-marking-approach-to-enhance-security-of-traceback-scheme-in-tree-based-wsns
#18
Changqin Huang, Ming Ma, Xiao Liu, Anfeng Liu, Zhengbang Zuo
Fog (from core to edge) computing is a newly emerging computing platform, which utilizes a large number of network devices at the edge of a network to provide ubiquitous computing, thus having great development potential. However, the issue of security poses an important challenge for fog computing. In particular, the Internet of Things (IoT) that constitutes the fog computing platform is crucial for preserving the security of a huge number of wireless sensors, which are vulnerable to attack. In this paper, a new unequal probability marking approach is proposed to enhance the security performance of logging and migration traceback (LM) schemes in tree-based wireless sensor networks (WSNs)...
June 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604643/an-energy-aware-hybrid-arq-scheme-with-multi-acks-for-data-sensing-wireless-sensor-networks
#19
Jinhuan Zhang, Jun Long
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are one of the important supporting technologies of edge computing. In WSNs, reliable communications are essential for most applications due to the unreliability of wireless links. In addition, network lifetime is also an important performance metric and needs to be considered in many WSN studies. In the paper, an energy-aware hybrid Automatic Repeat-reQuest protocol (ARQ) scheme is proposed to ensure energy efficiency under the guarantee of network transmission reliability. In the scheme, the source node sends data packets continuously with the correct window size and it does not need to wait for the acknowledgement (ACK) confirmation for each data packet...
June 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599715/quantifying-the-contribution-of-alcohol-to-cardiomyopathy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Jürgen Rehm, Omer Syed Muhammad Hasan, Sameer Imtiaz, Maria Neufeld
Alcohol has a direct toxic impact on the heart, and while there is an ICD code for alcoholic cardiomyopathy, the burden of alcohol-attributable cardiomyopathy is not clear. For the usual estimation of this burden via population-attributable fractions, one would need to determine the risk relationships, i.e., average risk associated with different dimensions of alcohol exposure. The most important among these risk relationships is the dose-response relationship with different levels of average alcohol consumption...
June 2017: Alcohol
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