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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434201/how-much-alcohol-is-consumed-outside-of-the-lifetime-risk-guidelines-in-australia
#1
Sarah Callinan, Michael Livingston, Robin Room, Paul M Dietze
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of long-term risky drinking within the Australian population and the proportion of standard drinks that is consumed outside of the long-term risk (LTR) guidelines of two Australian standard drinks (ASD) per day. DESIGN AND METHODS: Recruited by phone, 2020 Australian adults with an oversampling of risky drinkers were asked detailed questions about how much alcohol they consumed at a range of locations in 2013...
April 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431979/past-exposure-to-fruit-and-vegetable-variety-moderates-the-link-between-fungiform-papillae-density-and-current-variety-of-fv-consumed-by-children
#2
Anna Fogel, Jackie Blissett
Higher fungiform papillae density (FPD) has been associated with lower taste sensitivity thresholds and greater perceived taste intensity along with consumption of fewer fruit and vegetables (FV). Children exposed to greater variety of FV tend to habitually consume more FV, however, it is unknown whether exposure effects are attenuated by individual differences in FPD or whether these effects vary according to sensory properties of FV. This study examined the links between children's FPD, current variety of FV consumed, and past experiences with variety of fruit and vegetables...
April 18, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430927/the-association-between-health-changes-and-cessation-of-alcohol-consumption
#3
Ji-Eun Park, Yeonhee Ryu, Sung-Il Cho
Aims: To assess whether health changes affect cessation of alcohol consumption and to compare the health status of former drinkers and abstainers. Methods: Cohort data from 9001 Korean participants aged 40-69 years old were analyzed. Alcohol consumption was assessed every 2 years for 10 years. Participant age, sex, marital status, education level, employment status, smoking, chronic disease, perceived health and changes in these variables were analyzed to identify factors associated with quitting alcohol drinking...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428980/gram-years-a-method-to-standardize-and-quantify-lifetime-cannabis-consumption
#4
Reagan R Wetherill, Nathan Hager, Emily Guthier, Teresa R Franklin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426358/effects-of-workplace-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-on-abusive-drinking-among-first-year-male-and-female-college-students-does-prior-drinking-experience-matter
#5
Kathleen M Rospenda, Kaori Fujishiro, Meredith McGinley, Jennifer M Wolff, Judith A Richman
BACKGROUND: Workplace harassment, a known risk factor for adult drinking, is understudied in college samples, but may help explain observed gender differences in drinking patterns. OBJECTIVE: We examine effects of sexual and generalized workplace harassment on changes in drinking behavior over the first semesters of college, and the extent to which these effects differ based on prematriculation drinking for men and women students. METHOD: Data derive from two waves of a longitudinal study of eight Midwestern colleges and universities...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424436/-dyslipidemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-assessment-in-hiv-positive-patients
#6
Serhat Uysal, Mürşide Tuncel Başoğlu, Bahar Boydak, Deniz Gökengin
OBJECTIVE: Dyslipidemia is a major complication of antiretroviral treatment. Aim of the present study was to screen baseline lipid levels and cardiovascular disease risk in HIV-positive patients and analyze change in those parameters after initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS: HIV-positive patients who presented at our clinic between April 2011 and August 2012 were included. Study included 19 female (22.1%) and 67 male (77.9%) patients (mean age 39...
March 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422062/cross-layer-design-for-optimizing-transmission-reliability-energy-efficiency-and-lifetime-in-body-sensor-networks
#7
Xi Chen, Yixuan Xu, Anfeng Liu
High transmission reliability, energy efficiency, and long lifetime are pivotal issues for wireless body area networks (WBANs. However, these performance metrics are not independent of each other, making it hard to obtain overall improvements through optimizing one single aspect. Therefore, a Cross Layer Design Optimal (CLDO) scheme is proposed to simultaneously optimize transmission reliability, energy efficiency, and lifetime of WBANs from several layers. Firstly, due to the fact that the transmission power of nodes directly influences the reliability of links, the optimized transmission power of different nodes is deduced, which is able to maximize energy efficiency in theory under the premise that requirements on delay and jitter are fulfilled...
April 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416186/nutritional-deficiencies-four-years-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-are-supplements-required-for-a-lifetime
#8
Tair Ben-Porat, Ram Elazary, Ariela Goldenshluger, Shiri Sherf Dagan, Yoav Mintz, Ram Weiss
BACKGROUND: Data regarding long-term nutritional deficiencies following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of nutritional deficiencies and supplement consumption 4 years post-LSG. SETTING: Hebrew University, Israel. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from preoperative and 1 and 4 years postoperative including anthropometric parameters, biochemical tests, and supplement intake...
March 2, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412916/cannabis-epidemiological-neurobiological-and-psychopathological-issues-an-update
#9
Maria Antonietta De Luca, Gaetano Di Chiara, Cristina Cadoni, Daniele Lecca, Laura Orsolini, Duccio Papanti, John Corkery, Fabrizio Schifano
Cannabis is the illicit drug with both the largest current levels of consumption and the highest lifetime prevalence in the world. Across different countries, the prevalence of cannabis use varies according to the individual income, with the highest use reported in North America, Australia and Europe. Despite its 'soft drug' reputation, cannabis misuse may be associated with several acute and chronic adverse effects. The present article aims at reviewing several papers on epidemiological, neurobiological and psychopathological aspects of the use of cannabis...
April 13, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397836/efhd2-swiprosin-1-is-a-common-genetic-determinator-for-sensation-seeking-low-anxiety-and-alcohol-addiction
#10
D Mielenz, M Reichel, T Jia, E B Quinlan, T Stöckl, M Mettang, D Zilske, E Kirmizi-Alsan, P Schönberger, M Praetner, S E Huber, D Amato, M Schwarz, P Purohit, S Brachs, J Spranger, A Hess, C Büttner, A B Ekici, F Perez-Branguli, B Winner, V Rauschenberger, T Banaschewski, A L W Bokde, C Büchel, P J Conrod, S Desrivières, H Flor, V Frouin, J Gallinat, H Garavan, P Gowland, A Heinz, J-L Martinot, H Lemaitre, F Nees, T Paus, M N Smolka, A Schambony, T Bäuerle, V Eulenburg, C Alzheimer, A Lourdusamy, G Schumann, C P Müller
In many societies, the majority of adults regularly consume alcohol. However, only a small proportion develops alcohol addiction. Individuals at risk often show a high sensation-seeking/low-anxiety behavioural phenotype. Here we asked which role EF hand domain containing 2 (EFhd2; Swiprosin-1) plays in the control of alcohol addiction-associated behaviours. EFhd2 knockout (KO) mice drink more alcohol than controls and spontaneously escalate their consumption. This coincided with a sensation-seeking and low-anxiety phenotype...
April 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383757/prenatal-and-adult-androgen-activities-in-alcohol-dependence
#11
B Lenz, C Mühle, B Braun, C Weinland, P Bouna-Pyrrou, J Behrens, S Kubis, K Mikolaiczik, M-R Muschler, S Saigali, M Sibach, P Tanovska, S E Huber, U Hoppe, A Eichler, H Heinrich, G H Moll, A Engel, T W Goecke, M W Beckmann, P A Fasching, C P Müller, J Kornhuber
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol dependence is more prevalent in men than in women. The evidence for how prenatal and adult androgens influence alcohol dependence is limited. We investigated the effects of prenatal and adult androgen activity on alcohol dependence. Moreover, we studied how the behaviours of pregnant women affect their children's prenatal androgen load. METHOD: We quantified prenatal androgen markers (e.g., second-to-fourth finger length ratio [2D : 4D]) and blood androgens in 200 early-abstinent alcohol-dependent in-patients and 240 controls (2013-2015, including a 12-month follow-up)...
April 6, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382540/alcohol-and-cigarette-use-among-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Anna M Hogendorf, Wojciech Fendler, Janusz Sierosławski, Katarzyna Bobeff, Krzysztof Węgrewicz, Kamila I Malewska, Maciej W Przudzik, Małgorzata Szmigiero-Kawko, Beata Sztangierska, Małgorzata Myśliwiec, Agnieszka Szadkowska, Wojciech M Młynarski
In this study, we compare the prevalence of alcohol and cigarette use among Polish adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) (n = 209), aged 15-18 years, with that of a large cohort of their healthy peers, using standardized questionnaire used in the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Drugs (ESPAD). The lifetime, previous year, and past 30-day prevalence of alcohol consumption was high among adolescents with T1DM but lower than in the controls (82.8 vs 92.0%, 71.7 vs 85.6%, and 47.5 vs 69...
April 5, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380138/-lifetime-socioeconomic-status-and-health-related-risk-behaviors-the-elsa-brazil-study
#13
Jéssica Costa Faleiro, Luana Giatti, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Lidyane do Valle Camelo, Rosane Härter Griep, Joanna M N Guimarães, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca, Dóra Chor, Maria da Conceição Almeida Chagas
Our objective was to investigate the association between lifetime socioeconomic status and intra-generational social mobility and low consumption of fruits and vegetables, leisure-time physical inactivity, and smoking among 13,216 men and women participating in the baseline of the ELSA-Brazil study (2008-2010). Socioeconomic status in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood was measured by maternal schooling, socio-occupational class of the first occupation, and socio-occupational class of the current occupation, respectively...
April 3, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368157/genetic-variation-in-the-exome-associations-with-alcohol-and-tobacco-co-use
#14
Jacqueline M Otto, Ian R Gizer, Jarrod M Ellingson, Kirk C Wilhelmsen
Shared genetic factors represent one underlying mechanism thought to contribute to high rates of alcohol and tobacco co-use and dependence. Common variants identified by molecular genetic studies tend to confer only small disease risk, and rare protein-coding variants are posited to contribute to disease risk, as well. However, given that genotyping technologies allowing for their inclusion in association studies have only recently become available, the magnitude of their contribution is poorly understood. The current study examined genetic variation in protein-coding regions (i...
April 3, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346343/lifetime-exposure-to-a-constant-environment-amplifies-the-impact-of-a-fructose-rich-diet-on-glucose-homeostasis-during-pregnancy
#15
Aleida Song, Stuart Astbury, Abha Hoedl, Brent Nielsen, Michael E Symonds, Rhonda C Bell
The need to refine rodent models of human-related disease is now being recognized, in particular the rearing environment that can profoundly modulate metabolic regulation. Most studies on pregnancy and fetal development purchase and transport young females into the research facility, which after a short period of acclimation are investigated (Gen0). We demonstrate that female offspring (Gen1) show an exaggerated hyperinsulinemic response to pregnancy when fed a standard diet and with high fructose intake, which continues throughout pregnancy...
March 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345330/relationship-of-lifetime-exposure-to-tobacco-alcohol-and-second-hand-tobacco-smoke-with-upper-aero-digestive-tract-cancers-in-india-a-case-control-study-with-a-life-course-perspective
#16
Bhawna Gupta, Narinder Kumar, Newell W Johnson
Background: Squamous cell carcinomas of the upper aero-digestive tract (UADTSCC) are a multifaceted public health problem. Effects of lifestyle risk factors, including tobacco (chewing and smoking), alcohol drinking and exposure to second hand tobacco smoke (SHS) at home and their association with UADT cancers was assessed in a case-control study with a life-course perspective. The study was conducted at two different hospitals in Pune, India. Material and methods: The total sample size (N=480) included 240 histopathologically confirmed cases of UADT cancers and an equal number of controls frequency matched with cases by gender and age distribution (+5 years)...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341069/open-surgery-versus-ultrasound-guided-corticosteroid-injection-for-trigger-finger-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-1-year-follow-up
#17
Rehne L Hansen, Morten Søndergaard, Jeppe Lange
PURPOSE: Trigger finger is a common condition with a lifetime prevalence of 2%. Corticosteroid injection is a treatment often considered as a first-line intervention with reported cure rates between 60% and 90% in observational cohorts. Nevertheless, open surgery remains the most effective treatment with reported cure rates near 100%. Head-to-head trials on these treatments are limited. We investigated the efficacy of open surgery compared with ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injections...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340502/trends-in-alcohol-consumption-among-older-americans-national-health-interview-surveys-1997-to-2014
#18
Rosalind A Breslow, I-Jen P Castle, Chiung M Chen, Barry I Graubard
BACKGROUND: The majority of U.S. older adults consume alcoholic beverages. The older population is projected to almost double by 2050. Substantially more drinkers are likely. PURPOSE: To describe gender-specific trends (1997 to 2014) in prevalence of drinking status (lifetime abstention, former drinking, current drinking [including average volume], and binge drinking) among U.S. adults ages 60+ by age group and birth cohort. METHODS: In the 1997 to 2014 National Health Interview Surveys, 65,303 respondents ages 60+ (31,803 men, 33,500 women) were current drinkers; 6,570 men and 1,737 women were binge drinkers...
March 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334531/nanoscale-vacuum-channel-transistor
#19
Jin-Woo Han, Dong-Il Moon, M Meyyappan
Vacuum tubes that sparked the electronics era had given way to semiconductor transistors. Despite their faster operation and better immunity to noise and radiation compared to the transistors, the vacuum device technology became extinct due to the high power consumption, integration difficulties, and short lifetime of the vacuum tubes. We combine the best of vacuum tubes and modern silicon nanofabrication technology here. The surround gate nanoscale vacuum channel transistor consists of sharp source and drain electrodes separated by sub-50 nm vacuum channel with a source to gate distance of 10 nm...
March 24, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331015/association-between-clinically-recorded-alcohol-consumption-and-initial-presentation-of-12-cardiovascular-diseases-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-health-records
#20
Steven Bell, Marina Daskalopoulou, Eleni Rapsomaniki, Julie George, Annie Britton, Martin Bobak, Juan P Casas, Caroline E Dale, Spiros Denaxas, Anoop D Shah, Harry Hemingway
Objectives To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease at higher resolution by examining the initial lifetime presentation of 12 cardiac, cerebrovascular, abdominal, or peripheral vascular diseases among five categories of consumption.Design Population based cohort study of linked electronic health records covering primary care, hospital admissions, and mortality in 1997-2010 (median follow-up six years).Setting CALIBER (ClinicAl research using LInked Bespoke studies and Electronic health Records)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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