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lifetime consumption

Adolfo G Cuevas, Kasim Ortiz, Nancy Lopez, David R Williams
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between race and smoking behaviors among Latinos/Hispanics. DESIGN: Using data from the National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS), we implemented Log-Poisson regression models for each dependent variable (smoking pattern and menthol cigarette use). Each analysis adjusted for age, gender, marital status, employment status, and socioeconomic status (SES). Final pooled cross-sectional sample included 505 Black-Latinos and 9078 White-Latinos...
March 14, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Jeffrey K Wickliffe, Bridget Simon-Friedt, Jessi L Howard, Ericka Frahm, Buffy Meyer, Mark J Wilson, Deepa Pangeni, Edward B Overton
Following oil spills such as the Deepwater Horizon accident (DWH), contamination of seafood resources and possible increased health risks attributable to consumption of seafood in spill areas are major concerns. In this study, locally harvested finfish and shrimp were collected from research participants in southeast Louisiana and analyzed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). PAHs are some of the most important chemicals of concern regarding oil-spill-contaminated seafood resources during and following oil spills...
March 13, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Isamara Julia Camuri, Adriano Batista Costa, Amando Siuiti Ito, Wallance Moreira Pazin
The bioactivity of propolis against several pathogens is well established, leading to the extensive consumption of that bee product to prevent diseases. Brazilian green propolis, collected by the species Apis mellifera, is one of the most consumed in the world. The chemical composition of green propolis is complex and it has been shown that it displays antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities, especially due to the high content of Artepillin C. The molecule is a derivative of cinnamic acid with two prenylated groups, responsible for the improvement of the affinity of the compound for lipophilic environment...
February 23, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Sabine Naudin, Kuanrong Li, Tristan Jaouen, Nada Assi, Cecilie Kyrø, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Vinciane Rebours, Anne-Laure Védié, Heiner Boeing, Rudolf Kaaks, Verena Katzke, Christina Bamia, Androniki Naska, Antonia Trichopoulou, Franco Berrino, Giovanna Tagliabue, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, Petra H Peeters, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Elisabete Weiderpass Vainio, Inger Torhild Gram, Guri Skeie, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Aurelio Barricarte, Jose Ramón Quirós, Miren Dorronsoro, Ingegerd Johansson, Malin Sund, Hanna Sternby, Kathryn E Bradbury, Nick Wareham, Elio Riboli, Marc Gunter, Paul Brennan, Eric J Duell, Pietro Ferrari
Recent evidence suggested a weak relationship between alcohol consumption and pancreatic cancer (PC) risk. In this study, the association between lifetime and baseline alcohol intakes and the risk of PC was evaluated, including the type of alcoholic beverages and potential interaction with smoking. Within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study, 1,283 incident PC (57% women) were diagnosed from 476,106 cancer-free participants, followed up for 14 years. Amounts of lifetime and baseline alcohol were estimated through lifestyle and dietary questionnaires, respectively...
March 9, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Soumen De, Rafal Klajn
Dissipative self-assembly leads to structures and materials that exist away from equilibrium by continuously exchanging energy and materials with the external environment. Although this mode of self-assembly is ubiquitous in nature, where it gives rise to functions such as signal processing, motility, self-healing, self-replication, and ultimately life, examples of dissipative self-assembly processes in man-made systems are few and far between. Herein, recent progress in developing diverse synthetic dissipative self-assembly systems is discussed...
March 9, 2018: Advanced Materials
Belén Sanz-Barbero, Patricia López Pereira, Gregorio Barrio, Carmen Vives-Cases
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of intimate partner violence (IPV) in young women is a source of increasing concern. The prevalence of IPV has not been analysed in Europe as a whole. The objective was to assess the prevalence and main characteristics of experiencing physical and/or sexual and psychological-only IPV among young women in the European Union and to identify individual and contextual associated risk factors. METHODS: We analysed a cross-sectional subsample of 5976 ever-partnered women aged 18-29 years from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Violence Against Women Survey, 2012...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Elvira Mauz, Robert Hoffmann, Robin Houben, Laura Krause, Panagiotis Kamtsiuris, Antje Gößwald
BACKGROUND: The implementation of an Internet option in an existing public health interview survey using a mixed-mode design is attractive because of lower costs and faster data availability. Additionally, mixed-mode surveys can increase response rates and improve sample composition. However, mixed-mode designs can increase the risk of measurement error (mode effects). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether the prevalence rates or mean values of self- and parent-reported health indicators for children and adolescents aged 0-17 years differ between self-administered paper-based questionnaires (SAQ-paper) and self-administered Web-based questionnaires (SAQ-Web), as well as between a single-mode control group and different mixed-mode groups...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Xiangping Gu, Xiaofeng Zhou, Yanjing Sun
Compressive sensing (CS)-based data gathering is a promising method to reduce energy consumption in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Traditional CS-based data-gathering approaches require a large number of sensor nodes to participate in each CS measurement task, resulting in high energy consumption, and do not guarantee load balance. In this paper, we propose a sparser analysis that depends on modified diffusion wavelets, which exploit sensor readings' spatial correlation in WSNs. In particular, a novel data-gathering scheme with joint routing and CS is presented...
February 28, 2018: Sensors
Kaichen Dong, Hwan Sung Choe, Xi Wang, Huili Liu, Bivas Saha, Changhyun Ko, Yang Deng, Kyle B Tom, Shuai Lou, Letian Wang, Costas P Grigoropoulos, Zheng You, Jie Yao, Junqiao Wu
Micro-electromechanical (MEM) switches, with advantages such as quasi-zero leakage current, emerge as attractive candidates for overcoming the physical limits of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) devices. To practically integrate MEM switches into CMOS circuits, two major challenges must be addressed: sub 1 V operating voltage to match the voltage levels in current circuit systems and being able to deliver at least millions of operating cycles. However, existing sub 1 V mechanical switches are mostly subject to significant body bias and/or limited lifetimes, thus failing to meet both limitations simultaneously...
February 26, 2018: Small
R Warrings, J Fellner
Aluminum (Al) represents the metal with the highest consumption growth in the last few decades. Beside its increasing usage in the transport (lightweight construction of vehicles) and building sector, Al is used ever more frequently for household goods like packaging material, which represents a readily available source for secondary aluminum due to its short lifetime. The present paper investigates the extent to which this potential source for recycling of Al is already utilized in Austria and highlights areas for future improvements...
February 20, 2018: Waste Management
Bhanu Prakash Kolla, Terry D Schneekloth, Joanna Biernacka, Vijay Shah, Konstantinos N Lazaridis, Jennifer Geske, Victor Karpyak
Aims: Prior studies have established variation at the PNPLA3gene to be associated with a risk of developing alcoholic liver disease (ALD). We attempt to replicate this finding and other potential genetic variations previously associated with ALD utilizing a case-control design in a cohort of subjects with alcohol use disorders. Short summary: This case-control study performed in a US clinical sample of heavy drinkers, replicates the previously reported association between ALD and rs738409 polymorphism in the PNPLA3gene in heavy drinkers...
February 21, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Elena Gomes de Matos, Tessa-Virginia Hannemann, Josefine Atzendorf, Ludwig Kraus, Daniela Piontek
BACKGROUND: The abuse of new psychoactive substances (NPS) and methamphetamine has severe adverse effects. Here we provide the first report of regional patterns in NPS and methamphetamine consumption in Germany, on the basis of epidemiologic data from six federal states (Bavaria, Hamburg, Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia, Saxony, and Thuringia). METHODS: Data were derived from the 2015 Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse (Epidemiologischer Suchtsurvey) and supplemented with additional cases from the federal states that were studied...
January 26, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Sören Kuitunen-Paul, Elisabeth Obst, Ruth Schmidt, Christian Sommer, Paula T Kuitunen, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Ulrich S Zimmermann
Alcohol intoxication may affect self-reports of alcohol use and related constructs, such as impulsivity and dependence symptoms. Improved knowledge about potential systematic reporting biases induced by alcohol, e.g. through disinhibition, may be relevant for the assessment of intoxicated individuals both in clinical routine and research. We therefore randomly assigned 54 socially drinking males aged 18 to 19 without lifetime diagnosis of DSM-IV alcohol dependence to one of two experimental arms: either placebo infusion at day 1 and alcohol infusion at day 2, or vice versa...
February 19, 2018: Addiction Biology
Brittany E Blanchard, Angela K Stevens, Ileana S Acosta, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer L Brown, Andrew K Littlefield
PURPOSE: Although previous studies have elucidated associations between motivations for drinking and sex as they relate to risky health outcomes among female college students, the utility of cross-domain motives (i.e., alcohol motives predicting sex-related outcomes and vice versa) in the prediction of specific alcohol- and sex-related behaviors has yet to be examined. The current study examined relations between drinking and sex motives with multiple risky alcohol- and sex-related outcomes (i...
February 6, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Maham Waheed, Rizwan Ahmad, Waqas Ahmed, Micheal Drieberg, Muhammad Mahtab Alam
The fabrication of lightweight, ultra-thin, low power and intelligent body-borne sensors leads to novel advances in wireless body area networks (WBANs). Depending on the placement of the nodes, it is characterized as in/on body WBAN; thus, the channel is largely affected by body posture, clothing, muscle movement, body temperature and climatic conditions. The energy resources are limited and it is not feasible to replace the sensor's battery frequently. In order to keep the sensor in working condition, the channel resources should be reserved...
February 13, 2018: Sensors
Joyce Dos Santos Freitas, Eliza Maria da Costa Brito Lacerda, Isabelle Christine Vieira da Silva Martins, Dario Rodrigues, Daniela Maria Oliveira Bonci, Maria Izabel Tentes Cortes, Tereza Cristina Oliveira Corvelo, Dora Fix Ventura, Luiz Carlos de Lima Silveira, Maria da Conceição Nascimento Pinheiro, Givago da Silva Souza
BACKGROUND: Mercury exposure in the Brazilian Amazon region has been an important concern since the 1980s, when gold mining activities contaminated many Amazonian river basins and the fish therein. Mercury exposure in humans can lead to changes in neural function. The visual system has been used as a functional indicator of methylmercury (organic) and mercury vapour (inorganic) toxicity. Children are particularly vulnerable to this metal exposure. OBJECTIVE: To compare the color vision of children from riverine communities of mercury-exposed (Tapajós basin) and non-exposed Amazonian rivers (Tocantins basin)...
February 8, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Elina Puolakka, Katja Pahkala, Tomi T Laitinen, Costan G Magnussen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Satu Männistö, Kristiina S Pälve, Tuija Tammelin, Päivi Tossavainen, Eero Jokinen, Kylie J Smith, Tomi Laitinen, Marko Elovainio, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Markus Juonala
BACKGROUND: Differences in health behaviors partly explain the socioeconomic gap in cardiovascular health. We prospectively examined the association between childhood socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle factors in adulthood, and the difference of lifestyle factors according to childhood SES in multiple time points from childhood to adulthood. METHODS AND RESULTS: The sample comprised 3453 participants aged 3-18 years at baseline (1980) from the longitudinal Young Finns Study...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Yangzhe Liao, Mark S Leeson, Qing Cai, Qingsong Ai, Quan Liu
Network lifetime maximization of wireless biomedical implant systems is one of the major research challenges of wireless body area networks (WBANs). In this paper, a mutual information (MI)-based incremental relaying communication protocol is presented where several on-body relay nodes and one coordinator are attached to the clothes of a patient. Firstly, a comprehensive analysis of a system model is investigated in terms of channel path loss, energy consumption, and the outage probability from the network perspective...
February 8, 2018: Sensors
Ali Farzbod, Hyejin Moon
This paper presents the demonstration of on-chip fabrication of a potassium-selective sensor array enabled by electrowetting on dielectric digital microfluidics for the first time. This demonstration proves the concept that electrochemical sensors can be seamlessly integrated with sample preparation units in a digital microfluidic platform. More significantly, the successful on-chip fabrication of a sensor array indicates that sensors become reconfigurable and have longer lifetime in a digital microfluidic platform...
January 31, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Silvia Tomkova, Matus Misuth, Lenka Lenkavska, Pavol Miskovsky, Veronika Huntosova
Oxidative phosphorylation and glycolysis are important features, by which cells could bypass oxidative stress. The level of oxidative stress, and the ability of cells to promote oxidative phosphorylation or glycolysis, significantly determined proliferation or cell demise. In the present work, we have employed selective mitochondrial probe MitoTracker™ Orange CMTM/Ros (MTO) to estimate the level of oxidative stress in cancer cells at different stressed conditions. MTO is partially sensitive to decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential and to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated in mitochondria...
February 2, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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