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Mobilization with movement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905974/dynamic-denominators-the-impact-of-seasonally-varying-population-numbers-on-disease-incidence-estimates
#1
Elisabeth Zu Erbach-Schoenberg, Victor A Alegana, Alessandro Sorichetta, Catherine Linard, Christoper Lourenço, Nick W Ruktanonchai, Bonita Graupe, Tomas J Bird, Carla Pezzulo, Amy Wesolowski, Andrew J Tatem
BACKGROUND: Reliable health metrics are crucial for accurately assessing disease burden and planning interventions. Many health indicators are measured through passive surveillance systems and are reliant on accurate estimates of denominators to transform case counts into incidence measures. These denominator estimates generally come from national censuses and use large area growth rates to estimate annual changes. Typically, they do not account for any seasonal fluctuations and thus assume a static denominator population...
October 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902415/inversion-of-correia-repeat-enclosed-elements-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#2
Firat Elbeyioglu, Sabrina B Roberts, Russell Spencer-Smith, Madhuri Pulijala, Marta A Zelewska, Jean-Christophe Nebel, Lori As Snyder
Neisseria gonorrhoeae is capable of causing gonorrhoea and more complex diseases in the human host. Within the gonococcal genome are over 100 copies of the IS-like Correia Repeat Enclosed Element, which has been predicted to be mobile within the neisserial genomes. Although there is evidence of ancestral movement of these elements, no previous study has provided evidence for current mobilisation. The Correia Repeat Enclosed Element has the ability to alter gene expression and regulation in many ways: by insertional mutagenesis; by introducing promoter elements; by generating mRNA processing sites, and by association with ncRNAs...
November 16, 2016: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900187/mobility-proprioception-strength-and-fms-as-predictors-of-injury-in-professional-footballers
#3
Jonathan Yeung, Andrew Cleves, Hywell Griffiths, Len Nokes
BACKGROUND: The premise of this study was to investigate if anthropometric variables such as mobility, proprioception, strength and modified Functional Movement Screen (mFMS) could be used as primary indicators of injury risk in an English Championship division football team. This study focused on moderate injuries occurring in the lower extremities, during the 2014/2015 competitive season. METHODS: To differentiate between minor, moderate and severe injuries, this study classified moderate injuries as an injury with an average injury severity of 2-28 days...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898302/a-novel-sandwich-type-traveling-wave-piezoelectric-tracked-mobile-system
#4
Liang Wang, Chengyou Shu, Quan Zhang, Jiamei Jin
In this paper, a novel sandwich-type traveling wave piezoelectric tracked mobile system was proposed, designed, fabricated and experimentally investigated. The proposed system exhibits the advantages of simple structure, high mechanical integration, lack of electromagnetic interference, and lack of lubrication requirement, and hence shows potential application to robotic rovers for planetary exploration. The tracked mobile system is comprised of a sandwich actuating mechanism and a metal track. The actuating mechanism includes a sandwich piezoelectric transducer and two annular parts symmetrically placed at either end of the transducer, while the metal track is tensioned along the outer surfaces of the annular parts...
November 15, 2016: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898157/everyday-sitting-behavior-of-full-time-wheelchair-users
#5
Sharon E Sonenblum, Stephen H Sprigle, James S Martin
The objective of this study was to describe the in-seat movement and weight-shifting behavior of full-time wheelchair users. We measured everyday sitting behavior for 192 d across 28 individuals who used manual wheelchairs as their primary mobility device. To obtain the measurements, we used eight thin force sensors placed under participants' wheelchair cushions. On a typical day, participants spent an average of 10.6 +/- 3.0 h in their wheelchair and transferred out of the wheelchair 8.4 +/- 4.3 times. Participants only performed pressure reliefs (90% off-loading of the entire buttocks for at least 15 s) 0...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895529/assessing-nursing-staff-s-competences-in-mobility-support-in-nursing-home-care-development-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-kinaesthetics-competence-kc-observation-instrument
#6
Heidrun Gattinger, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Virpi Hantikainen, Sascha Köpke, Stefan Ott, Beate Senn
BACKGROUND: Between 75 and 89% of residents living in long-term care facilities have limited mobility. Nurses as well as other licensed and unlicensed personnel directly involved in resident care are in a key position to promote and maintain the mobility of care-dependent persons. This requires a certain level of competence. Kinaesthetics is a training concept used to increase nursing staff's interaction and movement support skills for assisting care-dependent persons in their daily activities...
2016: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893565/first-person-perspective-action-observation-training-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-consideration-of-concept-controlled-pilot-trial
#7
Giovanni Giorgi, Francesco Ferrarello, Francesca Merlo, Stefano Fumagalli, Niccolò Marchionni, Mauro Di Bari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Action observation training (AOT) consists of the observing of actions performed by others, followed by imitation. Physical therapy techniques based on action observation may influence motor performance in individuals with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this pilot study was to provide a preliminary approach to assess AOT in anatomical first-person perspective (FPP) as a rehabilitation technique to improve body function and activity in individuals with disability due to IPD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886096/service-demand-discovery-mechanism-for-mobile-social-networks
#8
Dapeng Wu, Junjie Yan, Honggang Wang, Ruyan Wang
In the last few years, the service demand for wireless data over mobile networks has continually been soaring at a rapid pace. Thereinto, in Mobile Social Networks (MSNs), users can discover adjacent users for establishing temporary local connection and thus sharing already downloaded contents with each other to offload the service demand. Due to the partitioned topology, intermittent connection and social feature in such a network, the service demand discovery is challenging. In particular, the service demand discovery is exploited to identify the best relay user through the service registration, service selection and service activation...
November 23, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884419/a-novel-deep-inspiration-maneuver-for-difficult-transseptal-puncture
#9
Tolga Aksu, Tumer Erdem Guler, Kivanc Yalin, Sukriye Ebru Golcuk, Kazim Serhan Ozcan, Niyazi Guler
Transseptal puncture (TSP) may not be possible in cases of an elastic, aneurysmal, or thickened interatrial septum (IAS). During deep inspiration (DI), the chest wall expands and the diaphragm descends. This makes intrapleural pressure to become more negative, which leads to movement of the IAS to the right side. The aim of this study was to verify prospectively the feasibility, safety, and outcome of DI associated with conventional TSP technique in patients with challenging IAS anatomy. From September 2012 to May 2016, 224 patients underwent TSP due to different indications...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882360/static-and-dynamic-predictors-of-foot-progression-angle-in-individuals-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus-and-peripheral-neuropathy
#10
Ericka N Merriwether, Mary K Hastings, Michael J Mueller, Kathryn L Bohnert, Michael J Strube, Darrah R Snozek, David R Sinacore
INTRODUCTION: Foot progression angle (FPA) is a predictor of elevated regional plantar stresses and loads, which are indicators of dermal injury risk in individuals with diabetes mellitus and peripheral neuropathy (DMPN). FPA accounts for 15-45% of the variance in plantar stresses and loads in adults with DMPN. However, the biomechanical factors underlying an "out-toeing" gait pattern in this clinical population have not been examined. The primary purpose of this study was to identify static and dynamic predictors of foot progression angle magnitude in adults with and without DMPN...
2016: Annals of Gerontology and Geriatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879563/a-pilot-study-of-sequence-of-segmental-contributions-in-the-lower-cervical-spine-during-active-extension-and-flexion-healthy-controls-vs-cervical-degenerative-disc-disease-patients
#11
Toon Fm Boselie, Henk van Santbrink, Rob A de Bie, Henk van Mameren
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study in which, first, a definition of normal movement in the cervical spine is formulated. Second, use of this definition in differentiating between normal and abnormal movement of the cervical spine is evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To formulate a clear definition of the normal sequence of segmental contributions in the cervical spine during flexion/extension, and to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and reliability of sequence of segmental contributions analysis in differentiating between normal and abnormal movement of the cervical spine in healthy controls and patients with cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD)...
November 22, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878317/-what-is-currently-available-for-sport-medicine-therapy
#12
U Tegtbur
After 30 years of age physical capacity decreases with increasing age by 5-20% per decade. High physical activity in daily life as well as exercise training of endurance, strength, coordination and mobility can delay the functional and anatomical loss of muscle, bone, cartilage and connective tissue by more than 10 years. In recent years, numerous concepts have scientifically been proven in the exercise therapy of internal diseases; therefore, similar to drug treatment, cellular mechanisms of exercise training adaptation are known in detail...
November 22, 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871549/a-multicenter-study-of-the-analgesic-effects-of-epidural-chloroprocaine-after-lower-limb-orthopedic-surgery
#13
Hongwei Xu, Huiping Li, Yunxia Zuo, Baxian Yang, Yuke Tian, Qulian Guo, Jianguo Xu, Chaoran Wu
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and optimal concentration of chloroprocaine for epidural analgesia after lower limb orthopedic surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, observational, multicenter clinical study. SETTING: Operating room, postoperative recovery area, university hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred and twenty patients from 4 hospitals were enrolled and randomized into 5 groups after lower limb orthopedic surgery under epidural anesthesia with lidocaine...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866894/syp73-anchors-the-er-to-the-actin-cytoskeleton-for-maintenance-of-er-integrity-and-streaming-in-arabidopsis
#14
Pengfei Cao, Luciana Renna, Giovanni Stefano, Federica Brandizzi
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an essential organelle that spreads throughout the cytoplasm as one interconnected network of narrow tubules and dilated cisternae that enclose a single lumen. The ER network undergoes extensive remodeling, which critically depends on membrane-cytoskeleton interactions [1]. In plants, the ER is also highly mobile, and its streaming contributes significantly to the movement of other organelles [2, 3]. The remodeling and motility of the plant ER rely mainly on actin [4] and to a minor extent on microtubules [5]...
November 16, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865741/seasonal-population-movements-and-the-surveillance-and-control-of-infectious-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Caroline O Buckee, Andrew J Tatem, C Jessica E Metcalf
National policies designed to control infectious diseases should allocate resources for interventions based on regional estimates of disease burden from surveillance systems. For many infectious diseases, however, there is pronounced seasonal variation in incidence. Policy-makers must routinely manage a public health response to these seasonal fluctuations with limited understanding of their underlying causes. Two complementary and poorly described drivers of seasonal disease incidence are the mobility and aggregation of human populations, which spark outbreaks and sustain transmission, respectively, and may both exhibit distinct seasonal variations...
November 16, 2016: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861847/structural-and-functional-characteristics-of-the-thoracolumbar-multifidus-muscle-in-horses
#16
J A García Liñeiro, G H Graziotti, J M Rodríguez Menéndez, C M Ríos, N O Affricano, C L Victorica
The multifidus muscle fascicles of horses attach to vertebral spinous processes after crossing between one to six metameres. The fascicles within one or two metameres are difficult to distinguish in horses. A vertebral motion segment is anatomically formed by two adjacent vertebrae and the interposed soft tissue structures, and excessive mobility of a vertebral motion segment frequently causes osteoarthropathies in sport horses. The importance of the equine multifidus muscle as a vertebral motion segment stabilizer has been demonstrated; however, there is scant documentation of the structure and function of this muscle...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859791/genetic-structure-of-native-ant-supercolonies-varies-in-space-and-time
#17
Eva Schultner, Jari Saramäki, Heikki Helanterä
Ant supercolonies are the largest cooperative units known in nature. They consist of networks of interconnected nests with hundreds of reproductive queens, where individuals move freely between nests, cooperate across nest boundaries and show little aggression towards non-nestmates. The combination of high queen numbers and free mixing of workers, queens and brood between nests results in extremely low nestmate relatedness. In such low-relatedness societies, cooperative worker behaviour appears maladaptive because it may aid random individuals instead of relatives...
November 14, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856005/mobile-universal-lexicon-evaluation-system-mules-test-a-new-measure-of-rapid-picture-naming-for-concussion
#18
Lucy Cobbs, Lisena Hasanaj, Prin Amorapanth, John-Ross Rizzo, Rachel Nolan, Liliana Serrano, Jenelle Raynowska, Janet C Rucker, Barry D Jordan, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
OBJECTIVE: This study introduces a rapid picture naming test, the Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES), as a novel, vision-based performance measure for concussion screening. The MULES is a visual-verbal task that includes 54 original photographs of fruits, objects and animals. We piloted MULES in a cohort of volunteers to determine feasibility, ranges of picture naming responses, and the relation of MULES time scores to those of King-Devick (K-D), a rapid number naming test...
November 4, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855678/augmentation-and-repair-of-tendons-using-demineralised-cortical-bone
#19
Sherif Elnikety, Catherine J Pendegrass, Roberta Ferro de Godoy, Charles Holden, Gordon W Blunn
BACKGROUND: In severe injuries with loss of tendon substance a tendon graft or a synthetic substitute is usually used to restore functional length. This is usually associated with donor site morbidity, host tissue reactions and lack of remodelling of the synthetic substitutes, which may result in suboptimal outcome. A biocompatible graft with mechanical and structural properties that replicate those of normal tendon and ligament has so far not been identified. The use of demineralised bone for tendon reattachment onto bone has been shown to be effective in promoting the regeneration of a normal enthesis...
November 17, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847242/does-altered-mandibular-position-and-dental-occlusion-influence-upper-cervical-movement-a-cross-sectional-study-in-asymptomatic-people
#20
Francis Grondin, Toby Hall, Harry von Piekartz
OBJECTIVE: Gross mandibular position and masticatory muscle activity have been shown to influence cervical muscles electromyographic activity. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of three different mandible positions including conscious occlusion, tongue tip against the anterior hard palate (Palate tongue position) and natural resting position (Rest), on sagittal plane cervical spine range of motion (ROM) as well as the flexion-rotation test (FRT) in asymptomatic subjects...
June 15, 2016: Manual Therapy
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