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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329939/enhanced-mobility-of-non-aqueous-phase-liquid-napl-during-drying-of-wet-sand
#1
Dhivakar Govindarajan, Abhijit P Deshpande, Ravikrishna Raghunathan
Enhanced upward mobility of a non aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) present in wet sand during natural drying, and in the absence of any external pressure gradients, is reported for the first time. This mobility was significantly higher than that expected from capillary rise. Experiments were performed in a glass column with a small layer of NAPL-saturated sand trapped between two layers of water-saturated sand. Drying of the wet sand was induced by flow of air across the top surface of the wet sand. The upward movement of the NAPL, in the direction of water transport, commenced when the drying effect reached the location of the NAPL and continued as long as there was significant water evaporation in the vicinity of NAPL, indicating a clear correlation between the NAPL rise and water evaporation...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322885/analysis-of-a-15-years-experience-in-including-shoulder-muscles-when-treating-upper-limb-spasticity-post-stroke-with-botulinum-toxin-type-a
#2
Maria Pais de Carvalho, Daniela Pinto, Melissa Gorayeb, Jorge Jacinto
Background Botulinum toxin type-A (BoNTA) is a recognized treatment for upper limb spasticity (ULS) after stroke, but there aren't many studies analyzing its effect in shoulder muscles. Objective To evaluate the efficacy of BoNTA injections for ULS, when shoulder muscles are included. Methods A cross-sectional study. Data from clinical forms of outpatients, treated at a Rehabilitation Center (2001-2016). Analyzes: goals of treatment; demographic characteristics/goal; treatment success, using Goal Attainment Scaling...
January 11, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321867/high-site-fidelity-and-restricted-ranging-patterns-in-southern-australian-bottlenose-dolphins
#3
Cecilia Passadore, Luciana Möller, Fernando Diaz-Aguirre, Guido J Parra
Information on site fidelity and ranging patterns of wild animals is critical to understand how they use their environment and guide conservation and management strategies. Delphinids show a wide variety of site fidelity and ranging patterns. Between September 2013 and October 2015, we used boat-based surveys, photographic identification, biopsy sampling, clustering analysis, and geographic information systems to determine the site-fidelity patterns and representative ranges of southern Australian bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops cf...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320542/ancient-mitogenomes-of-phoenicians-from-sardinia-and-lebanon-a-story-of-settlement-integration-and-female-mobility
#4
E Matisoo-Smith, A L Gosling, D Platt, O Kardailsky, S Prost, S Cameron-Christie, C J Collins, J Boocock, Y Kurumilian, M Guirguis, R Pla Orquín, W Khalil, H Genz, G Abou Diwan, J Nassar, P Zalloua
The Phoenicians emerged in the Northern Levant around 1800 BCE and by the 9th century BCE had spread their culture across the Mediterranean Basin, establishing trading posts, and settlements in various European Mediterranean and North African locations. Despite their widespread influence, what is known of the Phoenicians comes from what was written about them by the Greeks and Egyptians. In this study, we investigate the extent of Phoenician integration with the Sardinian communities they settled. We present 14 new ancient mitogenome sequences from pre-Phoenician (~1800 BCE) and Phoenician (~700-400 BCE) samples from Lebanon (n = 4) and Sardinia (n = 10) and compare these with 87 new complete mitogenomes from modern Lebanese and 21 recently published pre-Phoenician ancient mitogenomes from Sardinia to investigate the population dynamics of the Phoenician (Punic) site of Monte Sirai, in southern Sardinia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316636/segmentation-of-gait-sequences-in-sensor-based-movement-analysis-a-comparison-of-methods-in-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Nooshin Haji Ghassemi, Julius Hannink, Christine F Martindale, Heiko Gaßner, Meinard Müller, Jochen Klucken, Björn M Eskofier
Robust gait segmentation is the basis for mobile gait analysis. A range of methods have been applied and evaluated for gait segmentation of healthy and pathological gait bouts. However, a unified evaluation of gait segmentation methods in Parkinson's disease (PD) is missing. In this paper, we compare four prevalent gait segmentation methods in order to reveal their strengths and drawbacks in gait processing. We considered peak detection from event-based methods, two variations of dynamic time warping from template matching methods, and hierarchical hidden Markov models (hHMMs) from machine learning methods...
January 6, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312851/evaluation-of-1031-primary-titanium-nitride-coated-mobile-bearing-total-knee-arthroplasties-in-an-orthopedic-clinic
#6
Stefan J M Breugem, Jeroen Linnartz, Inger Sierevelt, Jon D Bruijn, Marcel J M Driessen
AIM: To evaluate the influence of the titanium nitride (TiN) coating on the results of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A total of 910 patients (338 men; 572 woman), with a mean age of 65 (range 36-94) undergoing 1031 primary TKAs were assessed. Clinical evaluation and patient-reported outcomes were gathered one year after surgery. The questionnaires included the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS)-Dutch version, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain scores in rest and during active knee movement, VAS-satisfaction scores, and EQ-5D-3L health scores...
December 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306536/orthodontic-movement-after-regenerative-endodontic-procedure-case-report-and-long-term-observations
#7
Antonis Chaniotis
INTRODUCTION: Although regenerative treatment approaches in teeth with incomplete root formation and pulp necrosis have become part of the suggested therapeutic endodontic spectrum, little is known about the effect of orthodontic movement in the tissue that has been regenerated. Furthermore, as the number of adults undergoing orthodontic treatment increases, there is an increasing need to investigate the changes that these tissues may undergo during orthodontic movement. Here we describe the alterations observed after the application of orthodontic forces in a case of an apically root-fractured necrotic immature root that had been managed with regenerative endodontic procedures in the past...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301199/energy-efficient-region-shift-scheme-to-support-mobile-sink-group-in-wireless-sensor-networks
#8
Yongbin Yim, Kyong Hoon Kim, Monther Aldwairi, Ki-Il Kim
Mobile sink groups play crucial roles to perform their own missions in many wireless sensor network (WSN) applications. In order to support mobility of such sink groups, it is important to design a mechanism for effective discovery of the group in motion. However, earlier studies obtain group region information by periodic query. For that reason, the mechanism leads to significant signaling overhead due to frequent flooding for the query regardless of the group movement. Furthermore, the mechanism worsens the problem by the flooding in the whole expected area...
December 30, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297724/effect-of-a-novel-mobilization-with-movement-procedure-on-anterolateral-ankle-impingement-a-case-report
#9
Sudarshan Anandkumar
This case report describes a 50-year-old male who presented with right anterolateral ankle pain managed unsuccessfully with rest, medications, bracing, injection, physical therapy, and massage therapy. Clinical diagnosis of anterolateral ankle impingement was based on concordant symptom reproduction with palpatory tenderness and a positive lateral synovial impingement test. This case report is a potential first time description of the successful management of anterolateral ankle impingement utilizing a novel Mulligan's mobilization with movement procedure (consisting of internal rotation of the distal tibia) and taping with immediate improvements noted in pain, range of motion, and function...
January 3, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289782/applying-acoustic-telemetry-to-understand-contaminant-exposure-and-bioaccumulation-patterns-in-mobile-fishes
#10
Matthew D Taylor, Dylan E van der Meulen, Stephanie Brodie, Gwenaël Cadiou, Nathan A Knott
Contamination in urbanised estuaries presents a risk to human health, and to the viability of populations of exploited species. Assessing animal movements in relation to contaminated areas may help to explain patterns in bioaccumulation, and assist in the effective management of health risks associated with consumption of exploited species. Using polychlorinated dibenzodioxin and polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDD/Fs) contamination in Sydney Harbour estuary as a case study, we present a study that links movement patterns resolved using acoustic telemetry to the accumulation of contaminants in mobile fish on a multi-species basis...
December 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289147/brownian-motion-probe-for-water-ethanol-inhomogeneous-mixtures
#11
Kazuki Furukawa, Ken Judai
Brownian motion provides information regarding the microscopic geometry and motion of molecules, insofar as it occurs as a result of molecular collisions with a colloid particle. We found that the mobility of polystyrene beads from the Brownian motion in a water-ethanol mixture is larger than that predicted from the liquid shear viscosity. This indicates that mixing water and ethanol is inhomogeneous in micron-sized probe beads. The discrepancy between the mobility of Brownian motion and liquid mobility can be explained by the way the rotation of the beads in an inhomogeneous viscous solvent converts the translational movement...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281787/promoting-multivalent-antibody-antigen-interactions-by-tethering-antibody-molecules-on-a-pegylated-dendrimer-supported-lipid-bilayer
#12
Po Ying Yeh, Yih-Ruey Chen, Chien-Fang Wang, Ying-Chih Chang
To efficiently isolate maximal quantity of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and circulating tumor cell microembolis (CTMs) from patient blood by antibody coated microfluidics, a multi-functional, pegylated polyamidoamine-dendrimers conjugated supported lipid bilayer surface construct was proposed to enhance accessibility of antibody molecules to the antigen molecules on target CTCs. The combination of a hydrated, stretchable dendrimer and a laterally-mobile supported lipid bilayer (SLB) provide attached antibody molecules with 2...
December 27, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277886/the-respiratory-induced-kidney-motion-does-it-really-effect-the-shock-wave-lithotripsy
#13
Mehmet Ozgur Yucel, Serkan Ozcan, Gokhan Tirpan, Murat Bagcioglu, Arif Aydin, Arif Demirbas, Tolga Karakan
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of respiratory induced kidney mobility on success of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) with an electrohydraulic lithotripter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2013 and April 2015, 158 patients underwent SWL treatment for kidney stones with an electrohydraulic lithotripter. The exclusion criteria were presence of a known metabolic disease (such as cystinuria), non-opaque stones, need for focusing with ultrasonography, abnormal habitus, urinary tract abnormalities, and inability to tolerate SWL until the end of the procedure...
December 25, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276539/triceps-tendon-rupture-repair-and-rehabilitation
#14
Cezary Kocialkowski, Rebecca Carter, Chris Peach
Triceps tendon ruptures are rare injuries and are frequently missed on initial presentation to the emergency department. In cases of complete rupture, surgical repair is recommended but no guidelines exist on the optimum reconstructive technique or rehabilitation. We present a surgical technique and rehabilitation programme for the management of these injuries. A midline posterior incision is performed, the ruptured triceps tendon is identified and mobilized, and the tendon footprint is prepared. The tendon is then repaired using bone suture anchors, with a parachute technique, and held in 40° of flexion...
January 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276467/chiropractic-management-using-multimodal-therapies-on-2-pediatric-patients-with-constipation
#15
Madhu Mia Iyer, Evangelia Skokos, Denise Piombo
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe chiropractic management of 7-month-old male twins who had had constipation since birth. Clinical Features: Identical male twins presented with the chief complaint of constipation and bloating. Both patients were born premature after 29 weeks of gestation and had invasive abdominal surgeries in the right lower quadrant resulting in healed postsurgical scars. Patient A underwent ileostomy for a perforation in his ileum...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276463/conservative-management-of-possible-meniscal-derangement-using-the-mulligan-concept-a-case-report
#16
Belinda J Sanchez, Russell T Baker
Objective: The purpose of this case study was to report on the immediate effects of the combined use of mobilizations with movement and the "squeeze" technique on a patient with knee stiffness, popping, and swelling. Clinical Features: The patient presented with right knee stiffness, swelling, and a popping sensation of insidious onset. Clinical examination revealed pain with terminal knee extension and flexion, joint line tenderness, a positive Apley's compression test, and a positive Thessaly's test at 20° of knee flexion...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276431/making-home-visits-creativity-and-the-embodied-practices-of-home-visiting-in-social-work-and-child-protection
#17
Harry Ferguson
Although the home is the most common place where social work goes on, research has largely ignored the home visit. Drawing on a participant observation study of child protection work, this article reveals the complex hidden practices of social work on home visits. It is argued that home visits do not simply involve an extension of the social work organisation, policies and procedures into the domestic domain but the home constitutes a distinct sphere of practice and experience in its own right. Home visiting is shown to be a deeply embodied practice in which all the senses and emotions come into play and movement is central...
January 2018: Qualitative Social Work: QSW: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260183/mobilization-of-iron-from-ferritin-new-steps-and-details
#18
A La, T Nguyen, K Tran, E Sauble, D Tu, A Gonzalez, T Z Kidane, C Soriano, J Morgan, M Doan, K Tran, C-Y Wang, M D Knutson, M C Linder
Much evidence indicates that iron stored in ferritin is mobilized through protein degradation in lysosomes, but concerns about this process have lingered, and the mechanistic details of its aspects are lacking. In the studies presented here, 59Fe-labeled ferritin was induced by preloading hepatic (HepG2) cells with radiolabeled Fe. Placing these cells in a medium containing desferrioxamine resulted in the loss of ferritin-59Fe, but adding high concentrations of reducing agents or modulating the internal GSH concentration failed to alter the rates of ferritin-59Fe release...
December 20, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258460/a-case-of-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-in-which-scintillating-particles-appeared-in-the-intravitreal-cavity-after-laser-photocoagulation
#19
Ryohsuke Kohmoto, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Takaki Sato, Daisaku Kimura, Masanori Fukumoto, Kensuke Tajiri, Teruyo Kida, Tsunehiko Ikeda
BACKGROUND: To report a case of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) exhibiting the appearance of scintillating particles presumed to be crystallin inside the intravitreal cavity after laser photocoagulation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 56-year-old male patient presented at our outpatient clinic after becoming aware of decreased vision in his right eye. Ocular examination performed at the patient's initial visit revealed a massive preretinal macular hemorrhage due to PDR in his right eye...
December 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248397/comparison-of-low-back-mobility-and-stability-exercises-from-pilates-in-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Iã Ferreira Miranda, Catiane Souza, Alexandre Tavares Schneider, Leandro Campos Chagas, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence in the literature about the effectiveness of the Pilates methods in the low back pain. Moreover, Pilates focus on exercises that empathizes the stability and/or mobility of the spine. Therefore, it is discussed in the literature whether higher levels of stability or mobility of the lumbar spine generates better results, both in performance and rehabilitation for low back pain. OBJECTIVES: Compare the effects of the low back mobility and stability exercises from Pilates Method on low back pain, disability and movement functionality in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain...
December 8, 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
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