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Mobilization with movement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793126/effect-of-manual-therapy-versus-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-in-dynamic-balance-mobility-and-flexibility-in-field-hockey-players-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Gemma V Espí-López, Susana López-Martínez, Marta Inglés, Pilar Serra-Añó, Marta Aguilar-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of a specific Manual Therapy (MT) protocol applied to field hockey players (FHP), versus a Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) protocol, in the improvement of dynamic balance, active range of movement and lumbar flexibility one-week and four-weeks after the treatment. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. Participants were assigned to 2 groups: MT and PNF. 30 min' sessions were performed once a week for three weeks...
April 22, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790385/kinect4fog-monitoring-and-improving-mobility-in-people-with-parkinson-s-using-a-novel-system-incorporating-the-microsoft-kinect-v2
#2
Amin Amini, Konstantinos Banitsas, William R Young
Parkinson's is a neurodegenerative condition associated with several motor symptoms including tremors and slowness of movement. Freezing of gait (FOG); the sensation of one's feet being "glued" to the floor, is one of the most debilitating symptoms associated with advanced Parkinson's. FOG not only contributes to falls and related injuries, but also compromises quality of life as people often avoid engaging in functional daily activities both inside and outside the home. In the current study, we describe a novel system designed to detect FOG and falling in people with Parkinson's (PwP) as well as monitoring and improving their mobility using laser-based visual cues cast by an automated laser system...
May 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780159/modulation-of-store-operated-calcium-entry-and-nascent-adhesion-by-p21-activated-kinase-1
#3
In-Sook Jeon, Hye-Ryun Kim, Eun-Young Shin, Eung-Gook Kim, Heon-Seok Han, Jin-Tae Hong, Hak-Kyo Lee, Ki-Duk Song, Joong-Kook Choi
Calcium mobilization is necessary for cell movement during embryonic development, lymphocyte synapse formation, wound healing, and cancer cell metastasis. Depletion of calcium in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum using inositol triphosphate (IP3) or thapsigargin (TG) is known to induce oligomerization and cytoskeleton-mediated translocation of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) to the plasma membrane, where it interacts with the calcium release-activated calcium channel Orai1 to mediate calcium influx; this process is referred to as store-operated calcium entry (SOCE)...
May 21, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769582/mathematical-models-of-human-mobility-of-relevance-to-malaria-transmission-in-africa
#4
John M Marshall, Sean L Wu, Hector M Sanchez C, Samson S Kiware, Micky Ndhlovu, André Lin Ouédraogo, Mahamoudou B Touré, Hugh J Sturrock, Azra C Ghani, Neil M Ferguson
As Africa-wide malaria prevalence declines, an understanding of human movement patterns is essential to inform how best to target interventions. We fitted movement models to trip data from surveys conducted at 3-5 sites throughout each of Mali, Burkina Faso, Zambia and Tanzania. Two models were compared in terms of their ability to predict the observed movement patterns - a gravity model, in which movement rates between pairs of locations increase with population size and decrease with distance, and a radiation model, in which travelers are cumulatively "absorbed" as they move outwards from their origin of travel...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768594/-health-needs-of-the-rural-population-in-environmental-conflict-due-to-the-installation-of-irrigated-perimeters
#5
Andrezza Graziella Veríssimo Pontes, Raquel Maria Rigotto, Jennifer Vale Silva
The transformations in the Brazilian agricultural scenario have reconfigured lifestyles in the countryside, with repercussions on the health of the rural population. The scope of this paper is to analyze health needs of farmers, identified by a collective of university actors, the Unified Health System and social movements. It is action-research, with a group comprised of community health workers, workers in a Reference Center in Occupational Health, a university professor and representatives of social movements...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766687/structured-illumination-to-spatially-map-chromatin-motions
#6
Keith Bonin, Amanda Smelser, Naike Salvador Moreno, George Holzwarth, Kevin Wang, Preston Levy, Pierre-Alexandre Vidi
We describe a simple optical method that creates structured illumination of a photoactivatable probe and apply this method to characterize chromatin motions in nuclei of live cells. A laser beam coupled to a diffractive optical element at the back focal plane of an excitation objective generates an array of near diffraction-limited beamlets with FWHM of 340  ±  30  nm, which simultaneously photoactivate a 7  ×  7 matrix pattern of GFP-labeled histones, with spots 1.70  μm apart. From the movements of the photoactivated spots, we map chromatin diffusion coefficients at multiple microdomains of the cell nucleus...
May 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763510/trihexyphenidyl-for-dystonia-in-cerebral-palsy
#7
REVIEW
Adrienne R Harvey, Louise B Baker, Dinah Susan Reddihough, Adam Scheinberg, Katrina Williams
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy occurs in up to 2.1 of every 1000 live births and encompasses a range of motor problems and movement disorders. One commonly occurring movement disorder amongst those with cerebral palsy is dystonia: sustained or intermittent involuntary muscle spasms and contractions that cause twisting, repetitive movements and abnormal postures. The involuntary contractions are often very painful and distressing and cause significant limitations to activity and participation...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760052/spatial-mutation-patterns-as-markers-of-early-colorectal-tumor-cell-mobility
#8
Marc D Ryser, Byung-Hoon Min, Kimberly D Siegmund, Darryl Shibata
A growing body of evidence suggests that a subset of human cancers grows as single clonal expansions. In such a nearly neutral evolution scenario, it is possible to infer the early ancestral tree of a full-grown tumor. We hypothesized that early tree reconstruction can provide insights into the mobility phenotypes of tumor cells during their first few cell divisions. We explored this hypothesis by means of a computational multiscale model of tumor expansion incorporating the glandular structure of colorectal tumors...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759957/a-mobile-health-intervention-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-health-morph-in-older-adults-with-obesity-protocol-for-the-morph-trial
#9
Jason Fanning, Amber K Brooks, Edward Ip, Barbara J Nicklas, W Jack Rejeski
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a complex, age-related health issue that affects both physical functioning and quality of life. Because the impact of chronic pain is worsened by obesity and inactivity, nonpharmacological interventions that promote movement, reduce sitting, and aid in weight loss are needed to help manage pain symptoms among older adults with chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: The Mobile Intervention to Reduce Pain and Improve Health (MORPH) pilot trial aims to develop and test the feasibility and acceptability of a novel, patient-centered intervention to reduce chronic pain and improve physical functioning in older adults, leveraging the combination of telecoaching and individually adaptive mHealth tools to decrease both body mass and sedentary behavior...
May 14, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757774/can-telerehabilitation-games-lead-to-functional-improvement-of-upper-extremities-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Imre Cikajlo, Alma Hukić, Irena Dolinšek, Dejana Zajc, Mateja Vesel, Tatjana Krizmanič, Bojan Blažica, Anton Biasizzo, Franc Novak, Karmen Peterlin Potisk
Parkinson's disease (PD) is treated by medication, less with deep brain stimulation and physiotherapy. Different opinions on the clinical meaningfulness of the physiotherapy or recommended intensive physiotherapy were found. Our objectives were to design intensive target-based physiotherapy for upper extremities suitable for telerehabilitation services and examine the clinical meaningfulness of the exergaming at an unchanged medication plan. A telerehabilitation exergaming system using the Kinect sensor was developed; 28 patients with PD participated in the study...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750315/mobilization-with-movement-and-kinesio-taping-in-knee-arthritis-evaluation-and-outcomes
#11
Hülya Altmış, Deran Oskay, Bülent Elbasan, İrem Düzgün, Zeynep Tuna
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of Mulligan mobilization with movement (MwM) and taping on function and pain intensity in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female patients aged between 40 and 70 years with knee OA participated in the study. The patients were divided into three groups and each group received different interventions. Group 1 received MwM and taping according to Mulligan's concept. Group 2 received MwM and placebo taping with no recovery effect and group 3 received placebo taping...
May 10, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748417/natural-experiment-examining-the-longitudinal-association-between-change-in-residential-segregation-and-youth-cardiovascular-health-across-race-ethnicity-and-gender-in-the-usa
#12
REVIEW
Emily M D'Agostino, Hersila H Patel, Zafar Ahmed, Eric Hansen, M Sunil Mathew, Maria I Nardi, Sarah E Messiah
BACKGROUND: Identifying how racial/ethnic residential segregation and mobility may impact health can guide innovative strategies for reducing youth disparities. METHODS: This natural experiment examined the association between change in residential segregation and cardiovascular health outcomes across race/ethnicity and gender for youth (n=2250, mean age 9.1 years, 54% male; 51% Hispanic, 49% non-Hispanic black (NHB); 49% high area poverty) attending a multisite park-based afterschool fitness programme in Florida, USA...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739493/the-treatment-of-primary-arthritis-of-the-finger-and-thumb-joint
#13
Christian Karl Spies, Martin Langer, Peter Hahn, Lars Peter Müller, Frank Unglaub
BACKGROUND: Primary finger and thumb joint arthritis is common, with a markedly rising prevalence from age 50 onward. As the population as a whole ages, the need for effective, stage-appropriate treatment of this condition is increasing. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective search in the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases. RESULTS: Pain on movement and morning stiffness are commonly reported symptoms...
April 20, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738947/reconstructing-the-deposition-environment-and-long-term-fate-of-chernobyl-137-cs-at-the-floodplain-scale-through-mobile-gamma-spectrometry
#14
Adam Varley, Andrew Tyler, Yuri Bondar, Ali Hosseini, Viachaslau Zabrotski, Mark Dowdall
Cs-137 is considered to be the most significant anthropogenic contributor to human dose and presents a particularly difficult remediation challenge after a dispersal following nuclear incident. The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant meltdown in April 1986 represents the largest nuclear accident in history and released over 80 PBq of 137 Cs into the environment. As a result, much of the land in close proximity to Chernobyl, which includes the Polessie State Radioecology Reserve in Belarus, remains highly contaminated with 137 Cs to such an extent they remain uninhabitable...
May 5, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738557/hand-reach-star-excursion-balance-test-an-alternative-test-for-dynamic-postural-control-and-functional-mobility
#15
Ola Eriksrud, Peter Federolf, Patrick Anderson, Jan Cabri
Tests of dynamic postural control eliciting full-body three-dimensional joint movements in a systematic manner are scarce. The well-established star excursion balance test (SEBT) elicits primarily three-dimensional lower extremity joint movements with minimal trunk and no upper extremity joint movements. In response to these shortcomings we created the hand reach star excursion balance test (HSEBT) based on the SEBT reach directions. The aims of the current study were to 1) compare HSEBT and SEBT measurements, 2) compare joint movements elicited by the HSEBT to both SEBT joint movements and normative range of motion values published in the literature...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733529/sensor-based-gait-analysis-in-atypical-parkinsonian-disorders
#16
Cecilia Raccagni, Heiko Gaßner, Sabine Eschlboeck, Sylvia Boesch, Florian Krismer, Klaus Seppi, Werner Poewe, Bjoern M Eskofier, Juergen Winkler, Gregor Wenning, Jochen Klucken
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Gait impairment and reduced mobility are typical features of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD) and atypical parkinsonian disorders (APD). Quantitative gait assessment may have value in the diagnostic workup of parkinsonian patients and as endpoint in clinical trials. The study aimed to identify quantitative gait parameter differences in iPD and APD patients using sensor-based gait analysis and to correlate gait parameters with clinical rating scales. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with iPD and APD including Parkinson variant multiple system atrophy and progressive supranuclear palsy matched for age, gender, and Hoehn and Yahr (≤3) were recruited at two Movement Disorder Units and assessed using standardized clinical rating scales (MDS-UPDRS-3, UMSARS, PSP-RS)...
May 7, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731901/tetrandrine-suppresses-adhesion-migration-and-invasion-of-human-colon-cancer-sw620-cells-via-inhibition-of-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-signaling-pathways
#17
Ta-Kuo Juan, Kuo-Ching Liu, Chao-Lin Kuo, Mei-Due Yang, Yung-Lin Chu, Jiun-Long Yang, Ping-Ping Wu, Yi-Ping Huang, Kuang-Chi Lai, Jing-Gung Chung
Tetrandrine (TET) exhibits biological activities, including anticancer activity. In Chinese medicine, TET has been used to treat hypertensive and arrhythmic conditions and has been demonstrated to induce cytotoxic effects on human cancer cell lines. However, to the best of the author's knowledge, no previous studies have revealed that TET affects cell metastasis in SW620 human colon cancer cells. The present study demonstrated that TET decreased the cell number and inhibited cell adhesion and mobility of SW620 cells...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730619/what-is-the-effect-of-prolonged-sitting-and-physical-activity-on-thoracic-spine-mobility-an-observational-study-of-young-adults-in-a-uk-university-setting
#18
Nicola R Heneghan, Gemma Baker, Kimberley Thomas, Deborah Falla, Alison Rushton
OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behaviour has long been associated with neck and low back pain, although relatively little is known about the thoracic spine. Contributing around 33% of functional neck movement, understanding the effect of sedentary behaviour and physical activity on thoracic spinal mobility may guide clinical practice and inform research of novel interventions. DESIGN: An assessor-blinded prospective observational study designed and reported in accordance with Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729782/rehabilitation-medicine-approaches-to-pain-management
#19
REVIEW
Andrea L Cheville, Sean R Smith, Jeffrey R Basford
Rehabilitation medicine offers strategies that reduce musculoskeletal pain, targeted approaches to alleviate movement-related pain, and interventions to optimize patients' function despite the persistence of pain. These approaches fall into four categories: modulating nociception, stabilizing and unloading painful structures, influencing pain perception, and alleviating soft tissue musculotendinous pain. Incorporating these interventions into individualized, comprehensive pain management programs offers the potential to empower patients and limit pain associated with mobility and required daily activities...
June 2018: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729043/intra-and-inter-tooth-variation-in-strontium-isotope-ratios-from-prehistoric-seals-by-laser-ablation-la-mc-icp-ms
#20
A Glykou, G Eriksson, J Storå, M Schmitt, E Kooijman, K Lidén
RATIONALE: Strontium isotope ratios (87 Sr/86 Sr) in modern-day marine environments are considered to be homogeneous (~0.7092). However, in the Baltic Sea, the Sr ratios are controlled by mixing seawater and continental drainage from major rivers discharging into the Baltic. This pilot study explores if variations in Sr can be detected in marine mammals from archaeological sites in the Baltic Sea. METHODS: 87 Sr/86 Sr ratios were measured in tooth enamel from three seal species by laser ablation (LA)-MC-ICP-MS...
May 4, 2018: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
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