keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Philosophy of perception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095762/a-moral-profession
#1
Roger Newham, Louise Terry, Siobhan Atherley, Sinead Hahessy, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Marilyn Evans, Karen Ferguson, Graham Carr, S H Cedar
BACKGROUND: Lack of compassion is claimed to result in poor and sometimes harmful nursing care. Developing strategies to encourage compassionate caring behaviours are important because there is evidence to suggest a connection between having a moral orientation such as compassion and resulting caring behaviour in practice. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to articulate a clearer understanding of compassionate caring via nurse educators' selection and use of published texts and film...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091738/-historical-pain-concepts-cultural-influences-on-pain-perception-and-interpretation
#2
D Schäfer
In the age of globalization and cultural diversification differing concepts of pain in patient care are of increasing importance. Historical models of the origin and interpretation of pain, which in this article are presented in a cursory and exemplary way, help to understand the panoply of modern concepts outside of medicine. Basically, pain was viewed not only in religion and philosophy but also by premodern physicians as a psychophysical phenomenon crucially depending on the determination by a "soul" therefore creating therapeutic options even before the discovery of an effective analgesia...
January 13, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051888/the-benefits-and-burdens-of-cancer-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#3
Joelle P Straehla, Krysta S Barton, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Claire Wharton, Kevin Scott Baker, Kira Bona, Joanne Wolfe, Abby R Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and early young adults (AYAs) with cancer are at high risk for poor outcomes. Positive psychological responses such as benefit-finding may buffer the negative impacts of cancer but are poorly understood in this population. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to prospectively describe the content and trajectory of benefit- and burden-finding among AYAs to develop potential targets for future intervention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One-on-one semistructured interviews were conducted with English-speaking AYA patients (aged 14-25 years) within 60 days of diagnosis of a noncentral nervous system malignancy requiring chemotherapy, 6-12 and 12-18 months later...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938717/how-we-load-our-data-sets-with-theories-and-why-we-do-so-purposefully
#4
Guillaume Rochefort-Maranda
In this paper, I compare theory-laden perceptions with imputed data sets. The similarities between the two allow me to show how the phenomenon of theory-ladenness can manifest itself in statistical analyses. More importantly, elucidating the differences between them will allow me to broaden the focus of the existing literature on theory-ladenness and to introduce some much-needed nuances. The topic of statistical imputation has received no attention in philosophy of science. Yet, imputed data sets are very similar to theory-laden perceptions, and they are now an integral part of many scientific inferences...
December 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920620/professional-identity-at-los-angeles-college-of-chiropractic
#5
Melissa Nagare Kimura, Robb Russell, John Scaringe
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe chiropractic professional identity as espoused by the Los Angeles College of Chiropractic. DISCUSSION: Professional identity is a construct that begins formation prior to career selection, can be considered the backbone of health care education, and has been linked to career success. Los Angeles College of Chiropractic's professional identity is shaped by a philosophy of health care that is focused on vitalism, holism, naturalism, therapeutic conservatism, critical rationalism, phenomenology, humanism, and interprofessionalism...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883878/effect-of-the-postpartum-hospital-environment-on-the-attainment-of-mothers-and-fathers-goals
#6
Jenny Gaboury, Shalisa Capaday, Jennifer Somera, Margaret Purden
OBJECTIVE: To describe mothers' and fathers' goals in the postpartum period and how the hospital environment enables or hinders the attainment of these goals. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design was used to explore participants' perceptions. SETTING: Mothers and fathers were recruited on the postpartum unit of an urban hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Ten mothers and eight fathers participated. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with mothers and fathers individually...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882630/workplace-stress-burnout-and-coping-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-australian-disability-support-workers
#7
Megan J Judd, Kate P Dorozenko, Lauren J Breen
Disability support workers (DSWs) are the backbone of contemporary disability support services and the interface through which disability philosophies and policies are translated into practical action. DSWs often experience workplace stress and burnout, resulting in a high turnover rate of employees within the non-professional disability service workforce. The full implementation of the National Disability Insurance Scheme in Australia is set to intensify the current challenges of attracting and retaining DSWs, as the role becomes characterised by greater demands, ambiguity and conflict...
November 23, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831745/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-professional-socialization-in-the-collegiate-setting-part-i
#8
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT: Many newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs) pursue graduate assistantships, which allow them to gain experience while being supervised by an experienced AT. The graduate-assistant (GA) ATs' perception of their socialization process into the collegiate setting is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore the professional socialization of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Phone interviews...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777555/the-predictive-processing-paradigm-has-roots-in-kant
#9
Link R Swanson
Predictive processing (PP) is a paradigm in computational and cognitive neuroscience that has recently attracted significant attention across domains, including psychology, robotics, artificial intelligence and philosophy. It is often regarded as a fresh and possibly revolutionary paradigm shift, yet a handful of authors have remarked that aspects of PP seem reminiscent of the work of 18th century philosopher Immanuel Kant. To date there have not been any substantive discussions of how exactly PP links back to Kant...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679587/the-machine-behind-the-stage-a-neurobiological-approach-toward-theoretical-issues-of-sensory-perception
#10
REVIEW
Konstantinos Moutoussis
The purpose of the present article is to try and give a brief, scientific perspective on several issues raised in the Philosophy of Perception literature. This perspective gives a central role to the brain mechanisms that underlie perception: a percept is something that emerges when the brain is activated in a certain way and thus all perceptual experiences (whether veridical, illusory, or hallucinatory) have a common cause behind them, namely a given brain-activation pattern. What distinguishes between different cases of perception is what has caused this activation pattern, i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626897/-vulnerability-in-patients-and-nurses-and-the-mutual-vulnerability-in-the-patient-nurse-relationship
#11
Sanne Angel, Solfrid Vatne
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper examines the mutual vulnerability of patients and nurses, anticipating that an enhanced understanding of the phenomenon may help reduce vulnerability. BACKGROUND: Patient vulnerability is a key issue in nursing, aimed at protecting the patient from harm. In the literature, vulnerability is described both from a risk perspective and a subjective perspective. This implies that the objective dimension of patient vulnerability does not necessarily reflect the patient's own perception of being vulnerable...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609097/perception-of-risk-and-communication-among-conventional-and-complementary-health-care-providers-involving-cancer-patients-use-of-complementary-therapies-a-literature-review
#12
Trine Stub, Sara A Quandt, Thomas A Arcury, Joanne C Sandberg, Agnete E Kristoffersen, Frauke Musial, Anita Salamonsen
BACKGROUND: Communication between different health care providers (conventional and complementary) and cancer patients about their use of complementary therapies affects the health and safety of the patients. The aim of this study was to examine the qualitative research literature on the perception of and communication about the risk of complementary therapies between different health care providers and cancer patients. METHODS: Systematic searches in six medical databases covering literature from 2000 to 2015 were performed...
September 8, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578812/influences-on-students-career-decisions-concerning-general-practice-a-focus-group-study
#13
Sandra Nicholson, Adrian Michael Hastings, Robert Kee McKinley
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about recruitment to UK general practice, there has been no concerted educational intervention to address them. AIM: To better understand how medical students' perceptions of their experiences of their undergraduate curriculum may affect choosing general practice as a career. DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative study comprising focus groups of a total of 58 students from a range of medical schools across the UK. METHOD: A range of UK medical schools students were invited by email to participate in focus groups and return a questionnaire detailing their current career choice to facilitate sampling students with varied career preferences...
October 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552548/promoting-retention-enabling-success-discovering-the-potential-of-student-support-circles
#14
Janice Bass, Caroline Walters, Jocelyn Toohill, Mary Sidebotham
Retention of students is critical to education programs and future workforce. A mixed methods study evaluated student engagement within a Bachelor of Midwifery program and connection with career choice through participation in student support circles. Centred on the Five Senses of Success Framework (sense of capability, purpose, identity, resourcefulness and connectedness) and including four stages of engagement (creating space, preparing self, sharing stories, focused conversations), the circles support and develop student and professional identity...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512319/elements-of-yogic-practice-perceptions-of-students-in-healthcare-programs
#15
Christiane Brems, Dharmakaya Colgan, Heather Freeman, Jillian Freitas, Lauren Justice, Margaret Shean, Kari Sulenes
BACKGROUND: The practice of yoga has a long history as an integrated lifestyle science. Those who have practiced yoga in its full form (including all eight traditional aspects) find that it touches almost every aspect of their inter- and intra-personal lives. Despite this rich history, the West has adopted limited aspects of yoga practice. When understood narrowly as a physical fitness practice, healthful benefits of yoga may be lost, possibly promoting body-consciousness and injury instead...
July 2016: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471481/toward-a-better-understanding-of-the-relationship-between-belief-in-the-paranormal-and-statistical-bias-the-potential-role-of-schizotypy
#16
Neil Dagnall, Andrew Denovan, Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Parker, Peter Clough
The present paper examined relationships between schizotypy (measured by the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experience; O-LIFE scale brief), belief in the paranormal (assessed via the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale; RPBS) and proneness to statistical bias (i.e., perception of randomness and susceptibility to conjunction fallacy). Participants were 254 volunteers recruited via convenience sampling. Probabilistic reasoning problems appeared framed within both standard and paranormal contexts. Analysis revealed positive correlations between the Unusual Experience (UnExp) subscale of O-LIFE and paranormal belief measures [RPBS full scale, traditional paranormal beliefs (TPB) and new age philosophy]...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465403/hospice-family-caregiver-involvement-in-care-plan-meetings-a-mixed-methods-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Debra Parker Oliver, George Demiris, Karla Washington, Robin L Kruse, Greg Petroski
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Untrained family caregivers struggle with complicated medical management regimens for hospice patients. An intervention was tested to improve caregiver's perception of pain management and patient's pain. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The intervention was tested with a 2-group (usual care vs intervention) randomized controlled trial using parallel mixed-methods analysis of 446 caregivers in 3 Midwestern hospice programs representing rural and urban settings...
July 27, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398357/medical-student-career-choice-a-qualitative-study-of-fourth-year-medical-students-at-memorial-university-newfoundland
#18
Kiersten Pianosi, Cheri Bethune, Katrina F Hurley
BACKGROUND: Specialty career choice is a critical decision for medical students, and research has examined factors influencing particular specialties or assessed it from a demographic perspective. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe influential factors in students' decision-making, irrespective of their particular specialty in a Canadian medical school. METHODS: Study participants were recruited from fourth-year medical classes at the Memorial University of Newfoundland in 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2008...
April 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396296/culturally-capable-and-culturally-safe-caseload-care-for-indigenous-women-by-indigenous-midwifery-students
#19
R West, J Gamble, J Kelly, T Milne, E Duffy, M Sidebotham
BACKGROUND: Evidence is emerging of the benefits to students of providing continuity of midwifery care as a learning strategy in midwifery education, however little is known about the value of this strategy for midwifery students. AIM: To explore Indigenous students' perceptions of providing continuity of midwifery care to Indigenous women whilst undertaking a Bachelor of Midwifery. METHODS: Indigenous Bachelor of Midwifery students' experiences of providing continuity of midwifery care to Indigenous childbearing women were explored within an Indigenous research approach using a narrative inquiry framework...
December 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375542/when-neuroscience-touches-architecture-from-hapticity-to-a-supramodal-functioning-of-the-human-brain
#20
Paolo Papale, Leonardo Chiesi, Alessandra C Rampinini, Pietro Pietrini, Emiliano Ricciardi
In the last decades, the rapid growth of functional brain imaging methodologies allowed cognitive neuroscience to address open questions in philosophy and social sciences. At the same time, novel insights from cognitive neuroscience research have begun to influence various disciplines, leading to a turn to cognition and emotion in the fields of planning and architectural design. Since 2003, the Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture has been supporting 'neuro-architecture' as a way to connect neuroscience and the study of behavioral responses to the built environment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
74022
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"