Read by QxMD icon Read


Yujie Li, Xiaoman He, Huimin Hu, Tingting Zhang, Jun Qu, Qiwu Zhang
Excessive existences of nutrients such as phosphate in the aqueous environment remain as a heavy concern although many researches have been reported for dealing with their removal. Based on the understanding toward the interactions of Fe compounds with phosphate and carbonate from many available researches, we designed a very simple and efficient approach for phosphate removal by using in situ generated fresh trivalent Fe composition through the interaction of Fe(II) as FeSO4 on CaCO3 . Addition and agitation of Fe(II) and CaCO3 simultaneously to phosphate solution allowed an amorphous Fe(III)-P or Ca-Fe(III)-P precipitation, with a phosphate removal rate close to 100%, to reduce the residual phosphorus concentration less than 0...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
ShihChi Weng, Nathan Dunkin, Kellogg J Schwab, James McQuarrie, Kati Bell, Joseph G Jacangelo
Peracetic acid (PAA) is a strong oxidant/bactericide that has been applied in various industries (e.g., food processing, pharmaceuticals, medical device sterilization, etc.) as a disinfectant. There is increasing interest in using PAA for wastewater disinfection because it does not form halogenated byproducts, and no post-treatment quenching is required. Previous studies have demonstrated good efficiency in controlling bacteria in wastewater, but limited information is available for viruses, especially those hosted by mammals (e...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Jefferson Honorio Franco, Bianca F da Silva, Elisangela Franciscon G Dias, Alexandre A de Castro, Teodorico C Ramalho, Maria Valnice Boldrin Zanoni
Synthetic azo dyes have increasingly become a matter of great concern as a result of the genotoxic and mutagenic potential of the products derived from azo dye biotransformation. This work evaluates the manner in which reducing enzymes produced by Escherichia coli (E. coli) act on three disperse dyes bearing azo groups, namely Disperse Red 73 (DR 73), Disperse Red 78 (DR 78), and Disperse Red 167 (DR 167). UV-Vis spectrophotometry, high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD), and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were applied towards the identification of the main products...
May 21, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Bo Wu, Byong-Wa Chun, Le Gu, Tonya L Kuhl
HYPOTHESIS: Poly(carboxylate ether)-based (PCE) superplasticizers consist of a carboxylic acid backbone and grafted poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) side chains. Ca2+ ion bridging mechanism is commonly purported to control PCE's adsorption on negatively charged cement particle surfaces in cement suspension, thus PCE was expected to adsorb on negatively charged surfaces in synthetic pore solutions via Ca2+ /COO- interactions. EXPERIMENTS: Adsorption behaviors of a commercial PCE on negatively charged mica were studied in aqueous electrolyte solutions by a surface forces apparatus...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Yuri S Ryazantsev, Manuel G Velarde, Eduardo Guzman, Ramón G Rubio, Francisco Ortega, Juan-Jose Montoya
Thermo-capillary stresses on the surface of a drop can be the result of a non-isothermal surface chemical conversion of a reactant dissolved in the host fluid. The strength of heat production (with e.g. absorption) on the surface is ruled by the diffusion of the reactant and depends on the state of motion of the drop. Such thermo-capillary stresses can provoke the motion of the drop or its motionless state in the presence of an external body force. If in the balance of forces, including indeed viscous drag, the net resultant force vanishes there is the possibility of autonomous motion with constant velocity of the drop...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Marzieh Kajbafvala, Mansoor Farbod
Although liquid phase exfoliation is a powerful method to produce MoS2 nanosheets in large scale, but its effectiveness is limited by the diversity of produced nanosheets sizes. Here a novel approach for separation of MoS2 flakes having various lateral sizes and thicknesses based on the cascaded centrifugation has been introduced. This method involves a pre-separation step which is performed through low-speed centrifugation to avoid the deposition of large area single and few-layers by the heavier particles...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Nathan G Glasgow, Madeleine R Wilcox, Jon W Johnson
Memantine and ketamine are NMDA receptor (NMDAR) open channel blockers that are thought to act via similar mechanisms at NMDARs, but exhibit divergent clinical effects. Both drugs act by entering open NMDARs and binding at a site deep within the ion channel (the deep site) at which the endogenous NMDAR channel blocker Mg2+ also binds. Under physiological conditions, Mg2+ increases the IC50 s of memantine and ketamine through competition for binding at the deep site. Memantine also can inhibit NMDARs after associating with a second site accessible in the absence of agonist, a process termed second site inhibition (SSI) that is not observed with ketamine...
May 12, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Jianyu Wei, Jinfan Chen, Guozong Yue, Liangsheng Hu, Danqing Zhao, Jing Zhu, Luming Yang, Deshun Huang, Pengxiang Zhao
A novel tridentate ligand nitrilotris(methylene)tris(1,2,3-triazole)triacetate (NTTTA) has been synthesized by click reaction and followed with ester hydrolysis reaction. The silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were then modified and stabilized by this ligand, and subsequently been employed for the highly selective and sensitive colorimetric detection of Mn2+ in aqueous solution. The presence of Mn2+ can cause the aggregation of AgNPs, which leads to the color change of the dispersion from yellow to brown, as well as the decrease and red-shift of the surface plasmon resonance absorption...
May 9, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Yibei Wan, Xiao Liu, Penglei Liu, Lei Zhao, Weihua Zou
Polydopamine microspheres (PDMPs) synthesized by a facile solution oxidation method were adopted as a potential adsorbent for the removal of Norfloxacin (NOR) from aqueous solution. The morphologies and properties of PDMPs were characterized using TEM, SEM, FTIR and pHPZC . Parameters effects such as contact time, initial pH, initial concentration and ionic strength on the adsorption capacity of NOR onto PDMPs were studied. To maximize NOR removal from liquid phase, Box-Behnken experimental design (BBD) combined with response surface modeling (RSM) was employed based on the 17 preliminary experiments at 308 K...
May 21, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Jun Dong, Yang Dong, Chunyu Wen, Song Gao, Liming Ren, Qiburi Bao
Nitrobenzene (NB) is one of the most challenging pollutants for groundwater remediation due to its great harm and recalcitrance. Emulsified nanoscale zero-valent iron (EZVI) is considered as a promising agent for in-situ remediation of contaminated groundwater for its high reactivity, good durability and low cost. In this paper, 2D tank experiment was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of enhanced remediation of NB-contaminated groundwater with EZVI. 9 L of EZVI solution was injected into aquifer to establish in-situ reactive zone (IRZ) before 40 d of NB contamination...
May 15, 2018: Chemosphere
Duangtip Sudhan, Thamrongjet Puttamuk, Supachai Vuttipongchaikij, Pitak Chuawong
Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB) or citrus greening is one of the most destructive diseases affecting citrus industry worldwide. The causal agent in Asia is a phloem-limited, Gram-negative bacterium, 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (CLas). Within the genome of CLas lies prophage regions, classified as Type-A, B, C, and D. In particular, Type-D has been indicated to correlate with the blotchy-mottle symptoms of citrus trees. Here we reported the cloning, overexpression, and purification of the ORF1, an open reading frame from the partial Type-D region of CLas obtained from an infected lime tree (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle)...
May 21, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
Hugo Campos Pereira, Malin Ullberg, Dan Berggren Kleja, Jon Petter Gustafsson, Lutz Ahrens
Accurate prediction of the sorption of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in soils is essential for environmental risk assessment. We investigated the effect of solution pH and calculated soil organic matter (SOM) net charge on the sorption of 14 PFASs onto an organic soil as a function of pH and added concentrations of Al3+ , Ca2+ and Na+ . Often, the organic C-normalized partitioning coefficients (KOC ) showed a negative relationship to both pH (Δlog KOC /ΔpH = -0.32 ± 0.11 log units) and the SOM bulk net negative charge (Δlog KOC  = -1...
May 4, 2018: Chemosphere
Dong Miao, Jianbiao Peng, Xiaohuan Zhou, Li Qian, Mengjie Wang, Li Zhai, Shixiang Gao
Atenolol (ATL) has been widely detected in wastewater and aquatic environment. Although satisfactory removal of ATL from wastewater could be achieved, the mineralization ratio is usually low, which may result in the accumulation of its transformation products in the effluent and cause additional ecological risk to the environment. The aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness of heat activated persulfate (PS) in the removal of ATL from wastewater. Influencing factors including temperature, PS dosage, solution pH, existence of NO3 - , Cl- , HCO3 - and Suwannee river fulvic acid (SRFA) were examined...
May 17, 2018: Chemosphere
Shi-Zhou Zhao, Bang-Ping Qian, Mu Qiao, Jun Jiang, Yong Qiu
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Rod fracture (RF) has a negative impact on the surgical outcome of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients following lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO). However, there is a paucity of published studies analyzing the risk factors for RF in PSO-treated AS patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis. PURPOSE: To investigate the risk factors for RF after PSO for thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to AS. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective single-center study...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Hüseyin Uzuner, Aynur Karadenizli, Doğanhan Kadir Er, Agim Osmani
BACKGROUND: Hand antiseptics are of great importance in the prevention of nosocomial infections. Due to the frequent occurrence of adenoviral epidemic keratoconjunctivitis outbreaks in our hospital, we needed to detect the efficiency of alcohol-based-solutions on adenovirus. AIM: To investigate the efficacy of alcohol-based-solutions, that commonly found in hand-antiseptics against adenovirus 8, 19 and 37. METHODS: We investigated the efficacy of ethanol, isopropanol, chlorhexidine-digluconate, n-butanol and different combinations of these antiseptics on adenovirus serotypes that typically cause to epidemic keratoconjunctivitis...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
XinxinYang, Yumei Li, Hongmei Gao, Chuying Wang, Xiaohuan Zhang, Hongli Zhou
In this study, we reported the one-step synthesis of chitosan-Fe(OH)3 beads without the use of acid solvent, which could be used as effective adsorbents for anionic dyes removal. The preparation process was easy and green. The as-prepared beads were characterized for structural and morphological analysis in detail using several techniques, such as Scanning Electron Microscope, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Thermogravimetric analysis. The content of Fe(OH)3 in chitosan-Fe(OH)3 beads was 54...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
A Jbeli, A M Ferraria, A M Botelho do Rego, S Boufi, S Bouattour
Thin films of chitosan (CS) coated on glass substrates were used as support for the immobilization of nanostructures TiO2 /ZnS via a mild chemical process followed by a hydrothermal treatment at 90 °C. The preparation route involved the coating of the CS film on the glass substrate followed by the deposition of a thin layer of Ti(OBu)4 precursor and immersion in a solution of Zn(O2 CCH3 )2 and Na2 S. After a hydrothermal treatment at 90 °C, an even layer of TiO2 anatase decorated by ZnS nanorods was generated...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Vahid Goudarzi, Iman Shahabi-Ghahfarrokhi
This paper reports on an experiment in which starch/kefiran/TiO2 (SKT)-based bio-nanocomposite films were developed and modified by photo-chemical reaction. In so doing, film-forming solutions were exposed to ultraviolet A (UV-A) for different times (1, 6, and 12 h). The obtained results indicated that increasing UV-A exposure time brought about an increase (≈14.9%) in the tensile strength of bio-nanocomposites. However, elongation at break and Young's modulus of irradiated film specimen decreased (≈32%, ≈12%, respectively) by increasing UV-A exposure time, and the moisture-sensitive parameters of specimen decreased using UV-A irradiation...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Bhoopendra Singh Kushwah, Jugal Gupta, Dilip Kumar Singh, Moolchand Kurmi, Archana Sahu, Saranjit Singh
Forced degradation studies on aliskiren were carried out according to ICH and WHO guidelines. Six degradation products were formed in total in the solution state. Their separation among themselves and from the drug was successfully achieved on a C-18 column utilizing acetonitrile and phosphate buffer (pH 3.0) in the mobile phase, which was run in a gradient mode. To characterize them, a complete mass fragmentation pathway of the drug was first established with the help of MS/TOF and MSn data. This was followed by LC-MS/TOF studies on the degradation products...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Arsalan Wafi, Reza Mirnezami
Rapid advances in computational science and biotechnology are paving the way for precision medicine - a vision in next-generation healthcare that promises to provide a care package uniquely tailored to each individual's molecular make-up. Until relatively recently, the focus has been firmly centred around the genome; however, over the past two decades there has been a surge in the study of molecular activity within other biological domains (proteome/transcriptome/metabolome) involved in health and pathogenesis...
May 21, 2018: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"