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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349834/drug-adherence-in-treatment-resistant-and-in-controlled-hypertension-results-from-the-swedish-primary-care-cardiovascular-database-spccd
#1
Lina Holmqvist, Kristina Bengtsson Boström, Thomas Kahan, Linus Schiöler, Miriam Qvarnström, Björn Wettermark, Per Hjerpe, Jan Hasselström, Karin Manhem
PURPOSE: To assess drug adherence in patients treated with ≥3 antihypertensive drug classes, with both controlled and uncontrolled blood pressure and describe associated factors for nonadherence. METHODS: Patients with hypertension, without cardiovascular comorbidity, aged >30 years treated with ≥3 antihypertensive drug classes were followed for 2 years. Both patients with treatment resistant hypertension (TRH) and patients with controlled hypertension were included...
January 19, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336049/a-distinct-group-of-north-european-aedes-vexans-as-determined-by-mitochondrial-and-nuclear-markers
#2
T Lilja, K Troell, H Kirik, A Lindström
The floodwater mosquito Aedes (Aedimorphus) vexans (Meigen, 1830) (Diptera: Culicidae) is common in several areas of Sweden and is predicted to become more abundant in the wake of expected changes in precipitation and temperature caused by climate change. As well as being a nuisance, Ae. vexans can act as a vector of over 30 viruses. In the event of an outbreak of disease caused by a vector-borne virus, knowledge of the distribution, population structure and intermixing of populations from different locations will help direct resources to target locations to prevent spread of the pathogen...
January 16, 2018: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307057/comparison-of-hernia-registries-the-core-project
#3
REVIEW
I Kyle-Leinhase, F Köckerling, L N Jørgensen, A Montgomery, J F Gillion, J A P Rodriguez, W Hope, F Muysoms
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the international CORE project was to explore the databases of the existing hernia registries and compare them in content and outcome variables. METHODS: The CORE project was initiated with representatives from all established hernia registries (Danish Hernia Database, Swedish Hernia Registry, Herniamed, EuraHS, Club Hernie, EVEREG, AHSQC) in March 2015 in Berlin. The following categories were used to compare the registries: initiation and funding, data collection and use for certification of hernia centers, patient data and data protection, operative data, registration of complications and follow-up data...
January 6, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280273/causal-relationship-of-hepatic-fat-with-liver-damage-and-insulin-resistance-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver
#4
P Dongiovanni, S Stender, A Pietrelli, R M Mancina, A Cespiati, S Petta, S Pelusi, P Pingitore, S Badiali, M Maggioni, V Mannisto, S Grimaudo, R M Pipitone, J Pihlajamaki, A Craxi, M Taube, L M S Carlsson, S Fargion, S Romeo, J Kozlitina, L Valenti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is epidemiologically associated with hepatic and metabolic disorders. The aim of this study was to examine whether hepatic fat accumulation has a causal role in determining liver damage and insulin resistance. METHODS: We performed a Mendelian randomization analysis using risk alleles in PNPLA3, TM6SF2, GCKR and MBOAT7, and a polygenic risk score for hepatic fat, as instruments. We evaluated complementary cohorts of at-risk individuals and individuals from the general population: 1515 from the liver biopsy cohort (LBC), 3329 from the Swedish Obese Subjects Study (SOS) and 4570 from the population-based Dallas Heart Study (DHS)...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250794/blood-use-in-hematologic-malignancies-a-nationwide-overview-in-sweden-between-2000-and-2010
#5
Jingcheng Zhao, Jenny Rydén, Agneta Wikman, Rut Norda, Simon J Stanworth, Henrik Hjalgrim, Gustaf Edgren
BACKGROUND: Patients with hematologic malignancies receive large numbers of blood transfusions, and transfusion practices for this patient group are increasingly being scrutinized by randomized controlled trials. However, no studies so far have presented current transfusion statistics on a population level for this patient group. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted that was based on the Scandinavian Donations and Transfusions Database (SCANDAT2), which includes data on all blood donations and transfusions in Sweden and Denmark since the 1960s...
December 17, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219874/experiences-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-the-use-of-telecare-in-home-care-services-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#6
Cecilie Karlsen, Mette Spliid Ludvigsen, Carl Erik Moe, Kristin Haraldstad, Elin Thygesen
BACKGROUND: The aging population will lead to a rise in the number of people with age-related diseases, and increasing demand for home care services. Telecare is seen as a solution to this challenge by promoting aging in place. Nevertheless, there is still a poor understanding of older adults' experiences with the actual use of telecare. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesize the best available qualitative evidence of community-dwelling older adults' experience with the use of telecare in home care services...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215486/mortality-among-hardmetal-production-workers-swedish-measurement-data-and-exposure-assessment
#7
Håkan Westberg, Ing-Liss Bryngelsson, Gary Marsh, Kathleen Kennedy, Jeanine Buchanich, Sarah Zimmerman, Nurtan Esmen, Magnus Svartengren
BACKGROUND: Mortality pattern was determined in a cohort of 16,999 white and blue-collar workers in the Swedish hardmetal industry. Exposure assessment for cobalt is presented. METHODS: A historical database (1970 to 2012) of personal and area measurements of cobalt, tungsten, and nickel in the Swedish hardmetal industry was created. Log linear and exponential modeling of cobalt concentrations based on time period, job, and site was performed, and cumulative and mean exposures were calculated...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215160/new-figo-and-swedish-intrapartum-cardiotocography-classification-systems-incorporated-in-the-fetal-ecg-st-analysis-stan-interpretation-algorithm-agreements-and-discrepancies-in-cardiotocography-classification-and-evaluation-of-significant-st-events
#8
Per Olofsson, Håkan Norén, Ann Carlsson
The updated intrapartum cardiotocography (CTG) classification system by FIGO in 2015 (FIGO2015) and the FIGO2015-approached classification by the Swedish Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologist in 2017 (SSOG2017) are not harmonized with the fetal ECG ST analysis (STAN) algorithm from 2007 (STAN2007). The study aimed to reveal homogeneity and agreement between the systems in classifying CTG and ST events, and relate to maternal and perinatal outcomes MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among CTG traces with ST events, 100 traces originally classified as normal, 100 as suspicious and 100 as pathological were randomly selected from a STAN database and classified by two experts in consensus...
December 7, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211785/the-role-of-the-clinical-departments-for-understanding-patient-heterogeneity-in-one-year-mortality-after-a-diagnosis-of-heart-failure-a-multilevel-analysis-of-individual-heterogeneity-for-profiling-provider-outcomes
#9
Nermin Ghith, Anne Frølich, Juan Merlo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the general contextual effect (GCE) of the hospital department on one-year mortality in Swedish and Danish patients with heart failure (HF) by applying a multilevel analysis of individual heterogeneity. METHODS: Using the Swedish patient register, we obtained data on 36,943 patients who were 45-80 years old and admitted for HF to the hospital between 2007 and 2009. From the Danish Heart Failure Database (DHFD), we obtained data on 12,001 patients with incident HF who were 18 years or older and treated at hospitals between June 2010 and June2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210862/renal-sympathetic-denervation-in-sweden-a-report-from-the-swedish-registry-for-renal-denervation
#10
Sebastian Völz, Jonas Spaak, Johan Elf, Christina Jägrén, Christer Lundin, Anna Stenborg, Jonas Andersson, Bengt Rundqvist, Thomas Kahan, Bert Andersson
BACKGROUND: Renal denervation (RDN) is a catheter-based intervention to treat patients with resistant hypertension. The biological effects of RDN are not fully understood, and randomized controlled trials have generated conflicting evidence. This report presents data from the Swedish Registry for Renal Denervation, an investigator-driven nationwide registry. PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of RDN on patients with resistant hypertension in a real-world clinical setting...
January 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210130/home-setting-after-stroke-facilitators-and-barriers-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Elizabeth Marcheschi, Lena Von Koch, Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen, Marie Elf
This paper seeks to improve the understanding of the interaction between patients with stroke and the physical environment in their home settings. Stroke care is increasingly performed in the patient's home. Therefore, a systematic review was conducted to identify the existing knowledge about facilitators and barriers in the physical environment of home settings for the stroke rehabilitation process. Based upon Arksey and O'Malley's framework, a Boolean search strategy was performed in the databases; CINAHL, Medline, Web of Science and Scopus...
December 5, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196775/a-health-economic-simulation-model-for-the-clinical-management-of-osteoporosis
#12
E Jonsson, A Hansson-Hedblom, Ö Ljunggren, K Åkesson, A Spångeus, J A Kanis, F Borgström
The objective was to estimate the burden of osteoporosis in Sweden based on current clinical practice and the cost-effectiveness of improvements in the management of osteoporosis over the clinical management compared to current clinical practice. Results showed that better compliance to treatment guidelines is associated with better projected outcomes and cost-savings. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to estimate the burden of osteoporosis in Sweden based on current clinical practice and the cost-effectiveness of improvements in the management of osteoporosis over the clinical management compared to current clinical practice...
December 1, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172572/a-narrative-approach-to-the-role-of-others-in-ethnic-identity-formation
#13
Ylva Svensson, Jesper Berne, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the role of others in ethnic identity development. Three questions were asked: to what extent others are involved in these processes, what roles they play, and whether the roles differed between participant who identified with a majority, minority or mixed ethnic identity. METHOD: An exploratory, narrative approach was used, and written narratives were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The analytic sample consisted of 191 participants (78% female, Mage = 20...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127668/coordination-through-databases-can-improve-prescribed-burning-as-a-conservation-tool-to-promote-forest-biodiversity
#14
Ellinor Ramberg, Joachim Strengbom, Gustaf Granath
Prescribed fires are a common nature conservation practice. They are executed by several parties with limited coordination among them, and little consideration for wildfire occurrences and habitat requirements of fire-dependent species. Here, we gathered data on prescribed fires and wildfires in Sweden during 2011-2015 to (i) evaluate the importance and spatial extent of prescribed fires compared to wildfires and (ii) illustrate how a database can be used as a management tool for prescribed fires. We found that on average only 0...
November 10, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104438/-my-naturesound-nature-observations-with-sound-recordings
#15
Veljo Runnel, Marko Peterson, Allan Zirk
Background: Online systems for observation reporting by citizen scientists have been operating for many years. iNaturalist (California Academy of Sciences 2016), eBird (Cornell Lab of Ornithology 2016) and Observado (Observation International 2016) are well-known international systems, Artportalen (Swedish Species Information Centre 2016) and Artsobservasjoner (Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre 2016) are Scandinavian. In addition, databases and online solutions exist that are more directly research-oriented but still offer participation by citizen scientists, such as the PlutoF (University of Tartu Natural History Museum 2016) platform...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069483/protein-profile-of-mouse-ovarian-follicles-grown-in-vitro
#16
Amandine Anastácio, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg, Solenne Chardonnet, Cédric Pionneau, Christian Fédérici, Teresa Almeida Santos, Catherine Poirot
STUDY QUESTION: Could the follicle proteome be mapped by identifying specific proteins that are common or differ between three developmental stages from the secondary follicle to the antrum-like stage? SUMMARY ANSWER: From a total of 1401 proteins identified in the follicles, 609 were common to the three developmental stages investigated and 444 were found uniquely at one of the stages. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The importance of the follicle as a functional structure has been recognized; however, up-to-date the proteome of the whole follicle has not been described...
October 23, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058135/the-value-of-patient-global-assessment-in-lumbar-spine-surgery-an-evaluation-based-on-more-than-90-000-patients
#17
C Parai, O Hägg, B Lind, H Brisby
PURPOSE: There are two, principally different ways to obtain patient opinions regarding the outcome of spine surgery: using prospective multi-item questionnaires preoperatively and at follow-up, and using a retrospective single-item question at follow-up-both methods have distinct advantages and limitations. The purpose of the study was to explore the utility of using the simple transition question global assessment, GA, ("How is your back/leg pain today as compared to before the surgery?") as an overall patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) based on the large real-life database in the Swedish spine registry (Swespine)...
October 20, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049627/international-outcome-inventory-for-hearing-aids-data-from-a-large-swedish-quality-register-database
#18
Stig Arlinger, Peter Nordqvist, Marie Öberg
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze a database of completed International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA) questionnaires obtained from over 100,000 clients fitted with new hearing aids in Sweden during the period of 2012-2016. Mean IOI-HA total scores were correlated with degree of hearing loss, unilateral versus bilateral fitting, first-time versus return clients, gender, and variation among dispensing clinics. The correlations with expectations, service quality, and technical functioning of the hearing aids were also analyzed...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049611/association-of-a-prophylactic-surgical-approach-to-stage-iv-small-intestinal-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-survival
#19
Kosmas Daskalakis, Andreas Karakatsanis, Ola Hessman, Heather C Stuart, Staffan Welin, Eva Tiensuu Janson, Kjell Öberg, Per Hellman, Olov Norlén, Peter Stålberg
Importance: Primary tumor resection and mesenteric lymph node dissection in asymptomatic patients with stage IV small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) are controversial. Objective: To determine the association of locoregional surgery (LRS) performed at diagnosis with outcomes in patients with asymptomatic SI-NETs and distant metastases. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included asymptomatic patients with stage IV SI-NETs diagnosed from January 1, 1985, through December 31, 2015, and identified using the prospective database of SI-NETs from Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044465/morbidity-of-cholecystectomy-and-gastric-bypass-in-a-national-database
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
V Wanjura, E Szabo, J Österberg, J Ottosson, L Enochsson, G Sandblom
BACKGROUND: There is a strong association between obesity and gallstones. However, there is no clear evidence regarding the optimal order of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and cholecystectomy when both procedures are clinically indicated. METHODS: Based on cross-matched data from the Swedish Register for Cholecystectomy and Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (GallRiks; 79 386 patients) and the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (SOReg; 36 098 patients) from 2007 to 2013, complication rates, reoperation rates and operation times related to the timing of RYGB and cholecystectomy were explored...
January 2018: British Journal of Surgery
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