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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510633/obesity-and-diabetes-as-risk-factors-for-severe-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-results-from-a-swedish-nationwide-study
#1
Katja Wyss, Andreas Wångdahl, Maria Vesterlund, Ulf Hammar, Saduddin Dashti, Pontus Naucler, Anna Färnert
Background: Noncommunicable diseases and obesity are increasing in prevalence globally, also in populations at risk of malaria. We sought to investigate if comorbidity, in terms of chronic diseases and obesity, is associated with severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational study in adults (≥18 years) diagnosed with malaria in Sweden between January 1995 and May 2015. We identified cases through the surveillance database at the Public Health Agency of Sweden and reviewed clinical data from 18 hospitals...
May 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509335/dignity-conserving-care-actions-in-palliative-care-an-integrative-review-of-swedish-research
#2
REVIEW
Carina Werkander Harstäde, Karin Blomberg, Eva Benzein, Ulrika Östlund
BACKGROUND: Previous research has proposed that persons in need of palliative care often have a loss of functions and roles that affects social and existential self-image. Moreover, these individuals also commonly suffer from complex multisymptoms. This, together with the situation of facing an impending death, can lead to a loss of dignity. Therefore, supporting these persons' dignity is a crucial challenge for professional nurses. The 'Dignity Care Intervention' addresses the multidimensionality of dignity by identifying patients' dignity-related concerns and suggests care actions to address them...
May 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485763/dynamiken-i-f%C3%A3-rskrivningen-av-opioider-i-sverige-2000%C3%A2-2015-markanta-omf%C3%A3-rdelningar-inom-opioidgruppen-men-ingen-%C3%A2-epidemi%C3%A2
#3
Emmanuel Bäckryd, Markus Heilig, Mikael Hoffmann
Opioid prescription changes in Sweden 2000-2015 In contrast to the well-established »opioid epidemic« in the US, very little is known about how the prescription of opioids in Sweden has developed during the last decade. Aggregated data from the open Statistical database of the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare were analyzed descriptively. The yearly prevalence of opioid prescription did not change 2006-2015, but there were dramatic shifts in the choice of opioids. During this period, dextropropoxyphene was pulled off the market...
May 2, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470087/antihypertensive-control-and-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-the-swedish-primary-care-cardiovascular-database-spccd
#4
Georgios Mourtzinis, Linus Schiöler, Thomas Kahan, Kristina Bengtsson Boström, Per Hjerpe, Jan Hasselström, Karin Manhem
Background Atrial fibrillation is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Hypertension is an important risk factor for the development of atrial fibrillation. Aim This study assessed the relationship between blood pressure control and new-onset atrial fibrillation in hypertensive patients. Methods and results We followed 45,530 hypertensive patients with no previously documented atrial fibrillation, attending primary healthcare in Sweden during 2001-2008. After a mean follow-up of 3...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447839/the-whorfian-time-warp-representing-duration-through-the-language-hourglass
#5
Emanuel Bylund, Panos Athanasopoulos
How do humans construct their mental representations of the passage of time? The universalist account claims that abstract concepts like time are universal across humans. In contrast, the linguistic relativity hypothesis holds that speakers of different languages represent duration differently. The precise impact of language on duration representation is, however, unknown. Here, we show that language can have a powerful role in transforming humans' psychophysical experience of time. Contrary to the universalist account, we found language-specific interference in a duration reproduction task, where stimulus duration conflicted with its physical growth...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425579/myringoplasty-outcomes-from-the-swedish-national-quality-registry
#6
Malin Berglund, Rut Florentzson, Mattias Fransson, Malou Hultcrantz, Per O Eriksson, Erling Englund, Eva Westman
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Data from patients registered for myringoplasty during 2002 to 2012 in the Swedish National Quality Registry for Myringoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Both conventional myringoplasty and fat-graft techniques were used aimed at healing the tympanic membrane in noninfected ears. METHODS: Analysis was performed on data in a national database collected from 32 ear, nose, and throat clinics. Surgical procedures and outcomes, and patient satisfaction from a questionnaire were studied...
April 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398288/spatiotemporal-historical-datasets-at-micro-level-for-geocoded-individuals-in-five-swedish-parishes-1813-1914
#7
Finn Hedefalk, Patrick Svensson, Lars Harrie
This paper presents datasets that enable historical longitudinal studies of micro-level geographic factors in a rural setting. These types of datasets are new, as historical demography studies have generally failed to properly include the micro-level geographic factors. Our datasets describe the geography over five Swedish rural parishes, and by linking them to a longitudinal demographic database, we obtain a geocoded population (at the property unit level) for this area for the period 1813-1914. The population is a subset of the Scanian Economic Demographic Database (SEDD)...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393354/discrepancy-in-prevalence-of-huntington-s-disease-in-two-swedish-regions
#8
A-K Roos, L Wiklund, K Laurell
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. The prevalence varies between different geographical regions with an estimated average in Europe of about 6/100 000. Parts of northern Sweden are known to have an accumulation of HD, but no prevalence studies have been undertaken for 50 years. OBJECT: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HD in the two different Swedish counties of Jämtland and Uppsala and compare them with the reported prevalence in Europe...
April 9, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384078/risk-of-second-cancer-in-hodgkin-lymphoma-survivors-and-influence-of-family-history
#9
Amit Sud, Hauke Thomsen, Kristina Sundquist, Richard S Houlston, Kari Hemminki
Purpose Although advances in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treatment have led to improved disease-free survival, this has been accompanied by an increased risk of second cancers. We sought to quantify the second cancer risks and to investigate the impact of family history. Patients and Methods Using the Swedish Family-Cancer Project Database, we identified 9,522 individuals with primary HL diagnosed between 1965 and 2012. We calculated standardized incidence ratios and cumulative incidence of second cancer in HL survivors and compared the standardized incidence ratios of lung, breast, colorectal, and all second cancers in HL survivors with and without a site-specific family history of cancer...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374973/cancer-risk-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-a%C3%A2-population-based-study-in-sweden
#10
Xiangdong Liu, Yanqing Chen, Youxin Wang, Xiaohua Dong, Junming Wang, Jianhua Tang, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist, Jianguang Ji
Increased risks of certain cancers have been observed in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, data on other cancer sites/types are lacking. We analyzed systematically the risk of developing 35 common cancers in patients with HCV infection using a nationwide Swedish database. Patients with HCV infection were identified from the Swedish Hospital Inpatient and Outpatient Register and Primary Health Care Database, and followed until the diagnosis of cancer. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) were calculated for subsequent 35 common cancer sites/types between 1990 and 2010 in patients with HCV infection in Sweden...
April 4, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371022/sociodemographic-factors-are-associated-with-utilisation-of-statins-after-ischaemic-stroke-tia
#11
Lukas Geary, Jonas Aronius, Björn Wettermark, Jan Hasselström, Bengt Sjöborg, Mia von Euler
OBJECTIVES: To analyse if there are sociodemographic differences in the utilisation of statins 9-12 months after ischaemic stroke or transitory ischaemic attack. METHODS: Anonymised linkage of registry data on all patients >18 years discharged from the hospitals in Stockholm, Sweden 2006-2010 with diagnosis of ischaemic stroke (ICD-10: I63.0-9) or TIA (ICD-10: G45.9) was performed. Data on hospitalisations and diagnoses were collected from the Stockholm County Council administrative databases on healthcare consumption...
March 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363891/cement-in-cement-revision-of-the-femoral-stem-analysis-of-1179-first-time-revisions-in-the-swedish-hip-arthroplasty-register
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
P H J Cnudde, J Kärrholm, O Rolfson, A J Timperley, M Mohaddes
AIMS: Compared with primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), revision surgery can be challenging. The cement-in-cement femoral revision technique involves removing a femoral component from a well-fixed femoral cement mantle and cementing a new stem into the original mantle. This technique is widely used and when carried out for the correct indications, is fast, relatively inexpensive and carries a reduced short-term risk for the patient compared with the alternative of removing well-fixed cement...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353157/spontaneously-reported-adverse-reactions-for-herbal-medicinal-products-and-natural-remedies-in-sweden-2007-15-report-from-the-medical-products-agency
#13
Erika Svedlund, Maria Larsson, Robert Hägerkvist
BACKGROUND: In relation to the extensive use of herbal medicinal products in self-care, the safety information is limited and there is a need for improvement. This study describes spontaneously reported adverse reactions related to herbal medicinal products and natural remedies in Sweden. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the characteristics and frequency of adverse events recorded by the Swedish Medical Products Agency, where herbal medicinal products and natural remedies were suspected as causative agents...
March 28, 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#14
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333502/temporal-dynamics-of-cognitive-performance-and-anxiety-across-older-adulthood
#15
Andrew J Petkus, Chandra A Reynolds, Julie Loebach Wetherell, William S Kremen, Margaret Gatz
Cognitive decline and anxiety symptoms commonly co-occur in later life, but the temporal order of changes on these two attributes is unclear. Specifically, it is unknown if greater anxiety leads to subsequent declines in cognitive performance or if worse cognitive performance leads to increased anxiety. In this study, we sought to elucidate the temporal dynamics between anxiety symptoms and cognitive performance across old age-that is, the extent to which level and change in one variable influence subsequent changes in a second variable...
March 23, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282566/newly-graduated-nurses-orientation-experiences-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#16
REVIEW
Katariina Pasila, Satu Elo, Maria Kääriäinen
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review describes the experiences of the orientation into nursing of newly graduated nurses. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Data was collected from five databases: Medic, EBSCO Cinahl, Scopus, PsycARTICLES and ERIC (ProQuest). Qualitative, peer reviewed, original studies published in English, Swedish or Finnish before February 2016 and exploring newly graduated nurses' experiences of the nursing orientation process were included...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276722/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-and-blood-pressure-control-in-patients-treated-for-hypertension-results-from-the-swedish-primary-care-cardiovascular-database
#17
Charlotta Ljungman, Thomas Kahan, Linus Schiöler, Björn Wettermark, Kristina B Boström, Jan Hasselström, Per Hjerpe, Karin Manhem
PURPOSE: The aim of this observational cohort study was to investigate blood pressure level and the possibility to reach target blood pressure during concomitant use of NSAID in hypertensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From the Swedish primary care cardiovascular database (SPCCD) a cohort of 5463 patients (2007 to 2008) with at least one prescription of NSAID dispensed 6 months prior to the last blood pressure measurement were included. Clinical data were extracted from computerized medical records and linked to the Prescribed Drug Register...
February 13, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253021/the-need-for-research-infrastructures-a-narrative-review-of-large-scale-research-infrastructures-in-biobanking
#18
Anthony Larsson
BACKGROUND: Distributed Research Infrastructures are gaining political traction in Europe to facilitate scientific research. This development has gained particular momentum in the area of biobanking where cross-national attempts have been made toward harmonizing the biobanking standards across the European Union through the establishment of the organization BBMRI (BioBanking and Molecular Resource Infrastructure). BBMRI exists as separate national nodes across several European countries, although Sweden took on a pioneering role in its early stages...
February 21, 2017: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228119/genetic-variation-of-the-toll-like-receptors-in-a-swedish-allergic-rhinitis-case-population
#19
V Henmyr, D Carlberg, E Manderstedt, C Lind-Halldén, T Säll, L O Cardell, C Halldén
BACKGROUND: Variation in the 10 toll-like receptor (TLR) genes has been significantly associated with allergic rhinitis (AR) in several candidate gene studies and three large genome-wide association studies. These have all investigated common variants, but no investigations for rare variants (MAF ≤ 1%) have been made in AR. The present study aims to describe the genetic variation of the promoter and coding sequences of the 10 TLR genes in 288 AR patients. METHODS: Sanger sequencing and Ion Torrent next-generation sequencing was used to identify polymorphisms in a Swedish AR population and these were subsequently compared and evaluated using 1000Genomes and Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC) data...
February 23, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222232/dietary-total-antioxidant-capacity-in-early-school-age-and-subsequent-allergic-disease
#20
Anna Gref, Susanne Rautiainen, Olena Gruzieva, Niclas Håkansson, Inger Kull, Göran Pershagen, Magnus Wickman, Alicja Wolk, Erik Melén, Anna Bergström
BACKGROUND: Dietary antioxidant intake has been hypothesized to influence the development of allergic diseases, however, few prospective studies have investigated this association. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the association between total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of the diet at age 8 years and the subsequent development of asthma, rhinitis and sensitization to inhalant allergens between 8 and 16 years, and to assess potential effect modification by known risk factors...
February 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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