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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772911/the-incidence-and-impact-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-shocks-in-the-last-phase-of-life-an-integrated-review
#1
Rik Stoevelaar, Arianne Brinkman-Stoppelenburg, Rohit E Bhagwandien, Rozemarijn L van Bruchem-Visser, Dominic Amj Theuns, Agnes van der Heide, Judith Ac Rietjens
BACKGROUND: Although the implantable cardioverter defibrillator is successful in terminating life threatening arrhythmias, it might give unwanted shocks in the last phase of life if not deactivated in a timely manner. AIMS: This integrated review aimed to provide an overview of studies reporting on implantable cardioverter defibrillator shock incidence and impact in the last phase of life. METHODS AND RESULTS: We systematically searched five electronic databases...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739337/colliding-ideals-an-interview-study-of-how-intervention-researchers-address-adherence-and-adaptations-in-replication-studies
#2
Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrika Förberg, Knut Sundell, Henna Hasson
BACKGROUND: For an intervention to be considered evidence-based, findings need to be replicated. When this is done in new contexts (e.g., a new country), adaptations may be needed. Yet, we know little about how researchers approach this. This study aims to explore how researchers reason about adaptations and adherence when conducting replication studies, describe what adaptations they make and how these are reported in scientific journals. METHODS: This was an interview study conducted in 2014 with principal investigators of Swedish replication studies reporting adaptations to an intervention from another country...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713953/the-eu-emotion-voice-database
#3
Amandine Lassalle, Delia Pigat, Helen O'Reilly, Steve Berggen, Shimrit Fridenson-Hayo, Shahar Tal, Sigrid Elfström, Anna Råde, Ofer Golan, Sven Bölte, Simon Baron-Cohen, Daniel Lundqvist
In this study, we report the validation results of the EU-Emotion Voice Database, an emotional voice database available for scientific use, containing a total of 2,159 validated emotional voice stimuli. The EU-Emotion voice stimuli consist of audio-recordings of 54 actors, each uttering sentences with the intention of conveying 20 different emotional states (plus neutral). The database is organized in three separate emotional voice stimulus sets in three different languages (British English, Swedish, and Hebrew)...
April 30, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700567/risk-factors-for-surgical-complications-in-ventral-hernia-repair
#4
Mikael Lindmark, Karin Strigård, Thyra Löwenmark, Ursula Dahlstrand, Ulf Gunnarsson
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for an adverse event, i.e. early surgical complication, need for ICU care and readmission, following ventral hernia repair. Our hypothesis was that there is an association between an increased complication rate following ventral hernia repair and specific factors, including hernia size, BMI > 35, concomitant bowel surgery, ASA-class, age, gender and method of hernia repair. METHODS: Data from a hernia database with prospectively entered data on 408 patients operated for ventral hernia between 2007 and 2014 at two Swedish university hospitals were analysed...
April 26, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688100/association-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-venous-thromboembolism
#5
Bengt Zöller, Henrik Ohlsson, Rasmus Waehrens, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Whether functional gastrointestinal disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), are associated with VTE has not been determined. This nationwide study aimed to determine the risk of VTE in IBS outpatients in primary and specialist care. DESIGN: We performed two matched case-control studies. Cases (n = 90,502) were individuals in Sweden aged 18-80 years with a first hospital diagnosis of VTE between 2001 and 2010...
April 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685574/relation-between-lipid-profile-and-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-systemic-hypertension-from-the-swedish-primary-care-cardiovascular-database-spccd
#6
Georgios Mourtzinis, Thomas Kahan, Kristina Bengtsson Boström, Linus Schiöler, Louise Cedstrand Wallin, Per Hjerpe, Jan Hasselström, Karin Manhem
The relation between dyslipidemia and atrial fibrillation (AF) development is still controversial. To assess the impact of lipid profile on new-onset AF, we followed 51,020 primary-care hypertensive patients without AF at baseline. After a mean follow-up time of 3.5 years, AF occurred in 2,389 participants (4.7%). We evaluated the association between total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and new-onset AF. In a Poisson regression model fully adjusted for common risk factors of AF, we found that 1...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668737/evicted-children-and-subsequent-placement-in-out-of-home-care-a-cohort-study
#7
Lisa Berg, Lars Brännström
BACKGROUND: Evictions may have serious consequences for individuals' health and wellbeing. Even though an eviction may be experienced as a significant crisis for the family, there is little previous knowledge on consequences for evicted children. This study represents the first attempt to examine to what extent children from evicted households were separated from their parents and placed in out-of-home care (foster family or residential care) using population-based data, net of observed confounding factors related to the socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of their parents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667015/stent-thrombosis-rates-the-first-year-and-beyond-with-new-and-old-generation-drug-eluting-stents-compared-to-bare-metal-stents
#8
Christoph Varenhorst, Martin Lindholm, Giovanna Sarno, Göran Olivecrona, Ulf Jensen, Johan Nilsson, Jörg Carlsson, Stefan James, Bo Lagerqvist
OBJECTIVES: Old-generation drug-eluting coronary stents (o-DES) have despite being safe and effective been associated with an increased propensity of late stent thrombosis (ST). We evaluated ST rates in o-DES, new-generation DES (n-DES) and bare metal stents (BMS) the first year (< 1 year) and beyond 1 year (> 1 year). METHODS: We evaluated all implantations with BMS, o-DES (Cordis Cypher, Boston Scientific Taxus Liberté and Medtronic Endeavor) and n-DES in the Swedish coronary angiography and angioplasty registry (SCAAR) between 1 January 2007 and 8 January 2014 (n = 207 291)...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650709/machine-learning-methods-improve-prognostication-identify-clinically-distinct-phenotypes-and-detect-heterogeneity-in-response-to-therapy-in-a-large-cohort-of-heart-failure-patients
#9
Tariq Ahmad, Lars H Lund, Pooja Rao, Rohit Ghosh, Prashant Warier, Benjamin Vaccaro, Ulf Dahlström, Christopher M O'Connor, G Michael Felker, Nihar R Desai
BACKGROUND: Whereas heart failure (HF) is a complex clinical syndrome, conventional approaches to its management have treated it as a singular disease, leading to inadequate patient care and inefficient clinical trials. We hypothesized that applying advanced analytics to a large cohort of HF patients would improve prognostication of outcomes, identify distinct patient phenotypes, and detect heterogeneity in treatment response. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Swedish Heart Failure Registry is a nationwide registry collecting detailed demographic, clinical, laboratory, and medication data and linked to databases with outcome information...
April 12, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643159/role-of-iodine-containing-multivitamins-during-pregnancy-for-children-s-brain-function-protocol-of-an-ongoing-randomised-controlled-trial-the-swiddich-study
#10
Sofia Manousou, Birgitta Johansson, Anna Chmielewska, Janna Eriksson, Kerstin Gutefeldt, Carl-Johan Tornhage, Robert Eggertsen, Helge Malmgren, Lena Hulthen, Magnus Domellöf, Helena Nystrom Filipsson
INTRODUCTION: Iodine is essential for normal brain development. Moderate and severe fetal iodine deficiency results in substantial to serious developmental delay in children. Mild iodine deficiency in pregnancy is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits in the offspring, but evidence from randomised trials is lacking. The aim of the Swedish Iodine in Pregnancy and Development in Children study is to determine the effect of daily supplementation with 150 µg iodine during pregnancy on the offspring's neuropsychological development up to 14 years of age...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615448/a-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study-using-chest-and-thumb-ecg-transient-ecg-assessment-in-stroke-evaluation-tease-in-sweden
#11
Peter Magnusson, Hirsh Koyi, Gustav Mattsson
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) causes ischaemic stroke and based on risk factor evaluation warrants anticoagulation therapy. In stroke survivors, AF is typically detected with short-term ECG monitoring in the stroke unit. Prolonged continuous ECG monitoring requires substantial resources while insertable cardiac monitors are invasive and costly. Chest and thumb ECG could provide an alternative for AF detection poststroke.The primary objective of our study is to assess the incidence of newly diagnosed AF during 28 days of chest and thumb ECG monitoring in cryptogenic stroke...
April 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602997/laparoscopic-hill-repair-25-year-follow-up
#12
Yeseul Park, Ralph W Aye, Jeffrey R Watkins, Alex S Farivar, Brian E Louie
BACKGROUND: The open Hill repair for gastroesophageal reflux disease and hiatal hernia is remarkably durable, with a median 10-year reoperation rate of only 3% and satisfaction of 93%. No long-term data exist for the laparoscopic Hill repair (LHR). METHODS: Patients who underwent primary LHR at Swedish Medical Center for reflux and/or hiatal hernia at least 5 years earlier (1992-2010) were identified from an IRB-approved database. There were 727 patients who met inclusion criteria, including 648 undergoing repair for reflux and 79 for paraesophageal hernia...
March 30, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598152/secondary-adherence-to-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-in-sweden-and-the-netherlands
#13
Maartje S Jacobs, Jeroen F Schouten, Pieter T de Boer, Mikael Hoffmann, Lars-Åke Levin, Maarten J Postma
OBJECTIVE: There is limited evidence on patients' adherence and the impact of the prescribed dosing regimen in non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs). We aimed to assess secondary adherence to NOACs and to determine the impact of the dosing regimen in patients with atrial fibrillation. METHODS: Patients using a NOAC between 2009 and 2013 were identified from the nation-wide Swedish Prescribed Drug Register and the Dutch regional IADB.nl database. Patients using a consistent dosage for at least 180 consecutive days were included...
March 30, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573720/postpartum-blood-transfusion-and-hemorrhage-as-independent-risk-factors-for-venous-thromboembolism
#14
L Thurn, A Wikman, P G Lindqvist
INTRODUCTION: Profuse postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and red blood cell (RBC) transfusion have been suggested to be associated with venous thromboembolic events (VTE). However, it is not fully clear if they are independent major risk factors. METHODS: Women who gave birth in the Stockholm area between 1999 and 2002 were those studied, i.e., before the implementation of guidelines for thromboprophylaxis in pregnancy. In this population-based cohort study the Swedish Medical Birth Registry was linked to the National Discharge Registry and to the transfusion database...
March 10, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570893/comparison-of-dispensed-medications-and-forensic-toxicological-findings-to-assess-pharmacotherapy-in-the-swedish-population-2006-to-2013
#15
Jonas Forsman, Heidi Taipale, Thomas Masterman, Jari Tiihonen, Antti Tanskanen
PURPOSE: To investigate person-level agreement between medication exposure as predicted using the PRE2DUP (a prescription-based design to estimate continuous drug use) method and postmortem toxicological findings, in the Swedish population during the years 2006 to 2013. METHODS: Using the Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine's toxicology database and the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare's registries on causes of death, dispensed medications, and in-patient care, forensic-toxicological findings were compared with prescription-based estimates of drug use for 27 medications...
March 23, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568103/incidence-of-end-stage-renal-disease-following-bariatric-surgery-in-the-swedish-obese-subjects-study
#16
A Shulman, M Peltonen, C D Sjöström, J C Andersson-Assarsson, M Taube, K Sjöholm, C W le Roux, L M S Carlsson, P-A Svensson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major public health problem leading to co-morbidities such as diabetes, hypertension and kidney failure. Bariatric surgery results in pronounced and maintained weight loss and prevention of obesity-related diseases and their complications. Most studies of bariatric surgery on kidney disease show improvements after surgery. However, long-term studies analyzing hard end-points are lacking. Here we report on the long-term effects of bariatric surgery compared to usual obesity care on incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) alone and in combination with chronic kidney disease stage 4 (CKD4/ESRD)...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568025/are-pharmacological-treatments-for-oro-facial-pain-effective
#17
Debra Fischoff, Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesElectronic searches of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, the National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database and HTA until March 2017. Also handsearched referenced in the original articles. Grey literature was not included.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials with more than ten participants with oro-facial pain duration of more than three months were sub grouped into: TMD-muscle pain (TMD-m), TMD-joint pain (TMD-j), burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and other oro-facial pain. Studies include any pharmacological treatment against another pharmacological, non-pharmacological treatment, placebo or no treatment...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546418/diagnostic-profile-characteristics-of-cancer-patients-with-frequent-consultations-in-primary-care-before-diagnosis-a-case-control-study
#18
Marcela Ewing, Peter Naredi, Chenyang Zhang, Jörgen Månsson
Background: Many patients with common cancers are late diagnosed. Objectives: Identify consultation profiles and clinical features in patients with the seven most common cancers, who had consulted a general practitioner (GP) frequently before their cancer diagnosis. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Region Västra Götaland, Sweden. A total of 2570 patients, diagnosed in 2011 with prostate, breast, colorectal, lung, gynaecological and skin cancers including malignant melanoma, and 9424 controls were selected from the Swedish Cancer Register and a regional health care database...
March 13, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504778/organizational-justice-and-health-studying-mental-preoccupation-with-work-and-social-support-as-mediators-for-lagged-and-reversed-relationships
#19
Constanze Eib, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Constanze Leineweber
Organizational justice perceptions are considered a predictor of health and well-being. To date, empirical evidence about whether organizational justice perceptions predict health or health predicts organizational justice perceptions is mixed. Furthermore, the processes underlying these relationships are largely unknown. In this article, we study whether bidirectional relationships can be explained by 2 different mediation mechanisms. First, based on the allostatic load model, we suggest that the relationships between organizational justice perceptions and different health indicators are mediated through mental preoccupation with work...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489471/do-patients-live-longer-after-tha-and-is-the-relative-survival-diagnosis-specific
#20
Peter Cnudde, Ola Rolfson, A John Timperley, Anne Garland, Johan Kärrholm, Göran Garellick, Szilard Nemes
BACKGROUND: Hip replacements are successful in restoring mobility, reducing pain, and improving quality of life. However, the association between THA and the potential for increased life expectancy (as expressed by mortality rate) is less clear, and any such association could well be influenced by diagnosis and patient-related, socioeconomic, and surgical factors, which have not been well studied. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) After controlling for birth year and sex, are Swedish patients who underwent THA likely to survive longer than individuals in the general population? (2) After controlling for relevant patient-related, socioeconomic/demographic factors and surgical factors, does relative survival differ across the various diagnoses for which THAs were performed in Sweden? METHODS: Data from the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register, linked to administrative health databases, were used for this study...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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