Read by QxMD icon Read

Swedish database

Miriam Qvarnström, Thomas Kahan, Helle Kieler, Lena Brandt, Jan Hasselström, Kristina Bengtsson Boström, Karin Manhem, Per Hjerpe, Björn Wettermark
The aim was to study persistence to, and switching between, antihypertensive drug classes and to determine factors associated with poor persistence.This was an observational cohort study. The Swedish Primary Care Cardiovascular Database includes data from medical records, socioeconomic data, filled prescriptions, and hospitalizations from national registries for 75,000 patients with hypertension. Patients included in the study were initiated on antihypertensive drug treatment in primary healthcare in 2006 to 2007...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tove Bokrantz, Charlotta Ljungman, Thomas Kahan, Kristina B Boström, Jan Hasselström, Per Hjerpe, Dan Mellström, Linus Schiöler, Karin Manhem
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to investigate if treatment with thiazides reduces the risk of osteoporotic fractures in hypertensive patients in primary healthcare. Further we aimed to examine the impact of duration of thiazide use, the consequences of discontinuation of treatment, and the possible difference in effect between men and women. METHOD: This retrospective cohort study includes 57 822 individuals, 45 years and older, diagnosed with hypertension during 2001-2008 in the Swedish Primary Care Cardiovascular Database...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Fredrik Röding, Marie Lindkvist, Ulrica Bergström, Jack Lysholm
BACKGROUND: The injury spectrum published in the literature has mainly been presented for a certain age group, as elderly or for a certain type of injury, as fracture and often restricted to in-hospital care cases. Our objective was to give an overview of the major types of injuries for all age groups and trends in the adult population. METHODS: We analyzed 68,159 adult injury events, which occurred between 1999 and 2008 and was treated at the Emergency Department of Umea University Hospital...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Ricarda Milstein, Jonas Schreyoegg
Across the member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), pay-for-performance (P4P) programs have been implemented in the inpatient sector to improve the quality of care provided by hospitals. This paper provides an overview of 34 existing P4P programs in the inpatient sector in 14 OECD countries based on a structured literature search in five databases to identify relevant sources in Danish, English, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish and Turkish...
September 20, 2016: Health Policy
Peter Cnudde, Ola Rolfson, Szilard Nemes, Johan Kärrholm, Clas Rehnberg, Cecilia Rogmark, John Timperley, Göran Garellick
BACKGROUND: Sweden offers a unique opportunity to researchers to construct comprehensive databases that encompass a wide variety of healthcare related data. Statistics Sweden and the National Board of Health and Welfare collect individual level data for all Swedish residents that ranges from medical diagnoses to socioeconomic information. In addition to the information collected by governmental agencies the medical profession has initiated nationwide Quality Registers that collect data on specific diagnoses and interventions...
October 4, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Lina Holmqvist, Kristina Bengtsson Boström, Thomas Kahan, Linus Schiöler, Jan Hasselström, Per Hjerpe, Björn Wettermark, Karin Manhem
We aimed to describe the prevalence, treatment, and associated comorbidity of treatment-resistant hypertension (TRH). This registry-based cohort study from The Swedish Primary Care Cardiovascular Database assessed 53,090 hypertensive patients attending primary care. Patients adherent to antihypertensive treatment measured by pharmacy fills and with proportion of days covered ≥80% were included. The prevalence of TRH was 17% when considering all current TRH definitions. Adherence to mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists differed between TRH- and non-TRH patients (8 vs...
September 6, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Hongyao Yu, Christoph Frank, Jan Sundquist, Akseli Hemminki, Kari Hemminki
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that cancer is more common in some families than in others, but the hypothesis lacks population level support. We use a novel approach by studying any cancers in large three-generation families and thus are able to find risks even though penetrance is low. METHODS: Individuals in the nation-wide Swedish Family-Cancer Database were organised in three generations and the relative risk (RR) of cancer was calculated to the persons in the third generation by the numbers of patients with cancer in generations 1, 2 and 3...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Genetics
Björn M Hansen, Natalie Ullman, Bo Norrving, Daniel F Hanley, Arne Lindgren
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patient selection in clinical trials on intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) affects overall applicability of results. We estimated eligibility for completed, ongoing, and planned clinical trials in an unselected cohort of patients with ICH. METHODS: Large clinical ICH trials were identified using trial registration databases. Each trial's inclusion criteria were applied to a consecutive group of patients with ICH from the prospective hospital-based Lund Stroke Register...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Simon Sternlund, Johan Strandroth, Matteo Rizzi, Anders Lie, Claes Tingvall
Objective The objective of this study was to estimate the safety benefits of in vehicle Lane Departure Warning (LDW) and Lane Keeping Aid (LKA) systems in reducing relevant real-world passenger car injury crashes. Methods The study used an induced exposure method, where LDW/LKA sensitive and non-sensitive crashes were compared for Volvo passenger cars equipped with and without LDW/LKA systems. These crashes were matched by car make, model, model year and technical equipment i.e. low speed Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) called City Safety (CS)...
September 13, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Leif Friberg, Mika Skeppholm
Administrative and claims databases are attractive for safety studies of anticoagulant and antithrombotic drugs. However, the validity of such data is often uncertain. It was our aim to assess the usefulness of the Swedish administrative health databases for detection of major bleeding events. All individuals with atrial fibrillation in Stockholm County from 2006 to 2013 (n=78,022) were identified from the Swedish Patient register. A search for bleeding diagnoses was done in the Patient register and in the Cause of Death register...
August 25, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
O Rantonen, K Alexanderson, J Pentti, L Kjeldgård, J Hämäläinen, E Mittendorfer-Rutz, M Kivimäki, J Vahtera, P Salo
: Aims Social workers report high levels of stress and have an increased risk for hospitalisation with mental diagnoses. However, it is not known whether the risk of work disability with mental diagnoses is higher among social workers compared with other human service professionals. We analysed trends in work disability (sickness absence and disability pension) with mental diagnoses and return to work (RTW) in 2005-2012 among social workers in Finland and Sweden, comparing with such trends in preschool teachers, special education teachers and psychologists...
September 9, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
Wahyu Wulaningsih, Harkiran K Sagoo, Mustafa Hamza, Jennifer Melvin, Lars Holmberg, Hans Garmo, Håkan Malmström, Mats Lambe, Niklas Hammar, Göran Walldius, Ingmar Jungner, Mieke Van Hemelrijck
To investigate the association between serum calcium and risk of breast cancer using a large cohort and a systematic review with meta-analysis. From the Swedish Apolipoprotein Mortality Risk (AMORIS) Study we included 229,674 women who had baseline measurements of serum total calcium and albumin. Multivariable Cox regression was used to assess the association between total and albumin-corrected calcium and breast cancer risk. For the systematic review, an electronic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE databases was performed to identify other prospective cohorts assessing the relationship between serum calcium and breast cancer risk...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Stefan Candefjord, Ruben Buendia, Eva-Corina Caragounis, Bengt Arne Sjöqvist, Helen Fagerlind
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the proportion and characteristics of patients sustaining major trauma in road traffic crashes (RTCs) who could benefit from direct transportation to a trauma center (TC). METHODS: Currently, there is no national classification of TC in Sweden. In this study, 7 university hospitals (UHs) in Sweden were selected to represent a TC level I or level II. These UHs have similar capabilities as the definition for level I and level II TC in the United States...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Bahman Sotoodian, Mariam Abbas, Alain Brassard
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting skin sites with a high density of apocrine glands. HS commonly presents after puberty, with most patients diagnosed in the second decade of their life. Several studies have investigated smoking, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia as possible underlying risk factors for HS. However, we encountered 2 patients with a long-standing history of untreated leukemia who developed late-onset HS...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Jeffrey H Weinreb, Ryu Yoshida, Mark P Cote, Michael B O'Sullivan, Augustus D Mazzocca
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how database use has changed over time in Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery and to inform readers about available databases used in orthopaedic literature. METHODS: An extensive literature search was conducted to identify databases used in Arthroscopy and other orthopaedic literature. All articles published in Arthroscopy between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2015, were reviewed. A database was defined as a national, widely available set of individual patient encounters, applicable to multiple patient populations, used in orthopaedic research in a peer-reviewed journal, not restricted by encounter setting or visit duration, and with information available in English...
August 24, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Elisabet Granstam, Inger Westborg, Anna Barkander, Malin Börjesson, Sara Lindahl, Eva Meszaros, Anna Wojciechowska-Zajac, Philippe Wagner, Susanne Albrecht, Niklas Karlsson, Gunilla Bjärnhall, Monica Lövestam-Adrian
PURPOSE: To study the occurrence of severe visual impairment (SVI) and treatment outcome at 12 months in patients treated for wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by use of data from the Swedish Macula Register (SMR) and referrals to the regional low vision clinics in five northern counties. METHODS: Referrals to low vision clinics during 2005, 2009 and 2013 and treatment outcome at 12 months from the SMR database from 2008 until 2013 in patients >65 years of age in five northern counties were included in the survey...
November 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Susan Storey, Eileen Tallman, Adele Nielsen, Shelley Johns, Susan J Pressler
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Cancer survivors often report concerns regarding their memory, attention, and ability to process information and make decisions. These problems, which have also been demonstrated on objective neuropsychological assessments, may have a significant impact on work-related outcomes.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: A literature review was conducted using the following electronic databases. DATA EVALUATION: Articles were evaluated by two independent researchers...
September 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
M Gisslén, V Svedhem, L Lindborg, L Flamholc, H Norrgren, S Wendahl, M Axelsson, A Sönnerborg
OBJECTIVES: The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)/World Health Organization (WHO) 90-90-90 goals propose that 90% of all people living with HIV should know their HIV status, 90% of those diagnosed should receive antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 90% of those should have durable viral suppression. We have estimated the continuum of HIV care for the entire HIV-1-infected population in Sweden. METHODS: The Swedish InfCare HIV Cohort Study collects viral loads, CD4 counts, and viral sequences, along with demographic and clinical data, through an electronic clinical decision support system...
August 18, 2016: HIV Medicine
Joanna Giota, Jan-Eric Gustafsson
The link between perceived demands of school, stress and mental health in relation to gender is complex. The study examined, with two waves of longitudinal data at age 13 and age 16, how changes in perceived academic demands relate to changes in perceived stress, taking into account gender and cognitive ability, and to investigate how these factors affect the level of psychosomatic and depressive symptoms at the age of 16. A nationally representative sample including about 9000 individuals from the Swedish longitudinal Evaluation Through Follow up database born in 1998 was included...
August 17, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
Puya Gharahkhani, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Thomas L Vaughan, Claire Palles, Ines Gockel, Ian Tomlinson, Matthew F Buas, Andrea May, Christian Gerges, Mario Anders, Jessica Becker, Nicole Kreuser, Tania Noder, Marino Venerito, Lothar Veits, Thomas Schmidt, Hendrik Manner, Claudia Schmidt, Timo Hess, Anne C Böhmer, Jakob R Izbicki, Arnulf H Hölscher, Hauke Lang, Dietmar Lorenz, Brigitte Schumacher, Andreas Hackelsberger, Rupert Mayershofer, Oliver Pech, Yogesh Vashist, Katja Ott, Michael Vieth, Josef Weismüller, Markus M Nöthen, Stephen Attwood, Hugh Barr, Laura Chegwidden, John de Caestecker, Rebecca Harrison, Sharon B Love, David MacDonald, Paul Moayyedi, Hans Prenen, R G Peter Watson, Prasad G Iyer, Lesley A Anderson, Leslie Bernstein, Wong-Ho Chow, Laura J Hardie, Jesper Lagergren, Geoffrey Liu, Harvey A Risch, Anna H Wu, Weimin Ye, Nigel C Bird, Nicholas J Shaheen, Marilie D Gammon, Douglas A Corley, Carlos Caldas, Susanne Moebus, Michael Knapp, Wilbert H M Peters, Horst Neuhaus, Thomas Rösch, Christian Ell, Stuart MacGregor, Paul Pharoah, David C Whiteman, Janusz Jankowski, Johannes Schumacher
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal adenocarcinoma represents one of the fastest rising cancers in high-income countries. Barrett's oesophagus is the premalignant precursor of oesophageal adenocarcinoma. However, only a few patients with Barrett's oesophagus develop adenocarcinoma, which complicates clinical management in the absence of valid predictors. Within an international consortium investigating the genetics of Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma, we aimed to identify novel genetic risk variants for the development of Barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma...
October 2016: Lancet Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"