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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931605/bariatric-surgery-and-the-risk-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-swedish%C3%A2-obese-subjects
#1
Shabbar Jamaly, Lena Carlsson, Markku Peltonen, Peter Jacobson, Lars Sjöström, Kristjan Karason
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation, which in turn is associated with stroke, heart failure, and increased all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated whether weight loss through bariatric surgery may reduce the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: SOS (Swedish Obese Subjects) is a prospective matched cohort study conducted at 25 surgical departments and 480 primary healthcare centers in Sweden...
December 13, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931268/an-epidemiological-analysis-of-equine-welfare-data-from-regulatory-inspections-by-the-official-competent-authorities
#2
P L Hitchens, J Hultgren, J Frössling, U Emanuelson, L J Keeling
Determining welfare status in a population is the first step in efforts to improve welfare. The primary objective of this study was to explore a new epidemiological approach for analysis of data from official competent authorities that pertain to compliance with animal welfare legislation. We reviewed data already routinely collected as part of Swedish official animal welfare inspections for 2010-13, using a checklist containing 45 checkpoints (CPs). These covered animal-, resource- and management-based measures of equine welfare...
December 9, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889699/comparison-of-clinical-factors-between-patients-with-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-induced-angioedema-and-cough
#3
Pär Hallberg, Julia Nagy, Malgorzata Karawajczyk, Leif Nordang, Gunilla Islander, Pia Norling, Hans-Erik Johansson, Mary Kämpe, Svante Hugosson, Qun-Ying Yue, Mia Wadelius
BACKGROUND: Angioedema is a rare and serious adverse drug reaction (ADR) to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor treatment. Dry cough is a common side effect of ACE inhibitors and has been identified as a possible risk factor for angioedema. OBJECTIVE: We compared characteristics between patients with ACE inhibitor-induced angioedema and cough with the aim of identifying risk factors that differ between these adverse events. METHODS: Data on patients with angioedema or cough induced by ACE inhibitors were collected from the Swedish database of spontaneously reported ADRs or from collaborating clinicians...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887585/reduction-in-antibiotic-prescribing-for-respiratory-tract-infections-in-swedish-primary-care-a-retrospective-study-of-electronic-patient-records
#4
Mia Tyrstrup, Anders Beckman, Sigvard Mölstad, Sven Engström, Christina Lannering, Eva Melander, Katarina Hedin
BACKGROUND: Swedish studies on antibiotic use in primary care have been based on one-week registrations of infections. In order to study adherence to guidelines, analyses based on large databases that provide information on diagnosis linked prescriptions, are needed. This study describes trends in management of infections in Swedish primary care particularly with regards to antibiotic prescribing and adherence to national guidelines. METHODS: A descriptive study of Sweden's largest database regarding diagnosis linked antibiotic prescription data, the Primary care Record of Infections in Sweden (PRIS), for the years 2008, 2010 and 2013...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859103/traits-of-riparian-woody-plants-responding-to-hydrological-and-hydraulic-conditions-a%C3%A2-northern-swedish-database
#5
María Dolores Bejarano, Judit Maroto, Christer Nilsson, Francisca Constança Aguiar
The main goal of this study was to create a database that ultimately serves further studies on riparian vegetation and flow response guilds in the boreal region and on transferability of results across different regions. To achieve this aim, we compiled traits for all woody riparian species in northern Sweden which, directly or indirectly, underlie their responses to hydrological and hydraulic conditions, between October 2012 and April 2015. Consulted sources of information were diverse, ranging from scientific to informative and whose accuracy might or might not be verified...
October 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843375/polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-cancer-risk-the-importance-of-the-diagnostic-set
#6
Ciro Manzo, Maria Natale
In the last few years, the relationship between polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and cancer has been considered with very different conclusions. In particular, in 2010, Ji et al examined the overall and specific cancer risks among Swedish subjects following hospitalization for PMR and giant cell arteritis and noted that the risk of cancer was highest in the first year after hospitalization (of 3941 total cancer diagnoses, 783 [19.1%] were in the first year). In 2013, Muller et al, using data from General Practice Research Database, highlighted that elderly patients with a PMR diagnosis were significantly more likely to receive a cancer diagnosis in the year after PMR diagnosis (313/667 cancer cases [69%])...
2016: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836904/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-on-the-choice-of-treatment-for-patients-with-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-the-knee-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Richard Nordenvall, Alejandro I Marcano, Johanna Adami, Mårten Palme, Ville M Mattila, Shahram Bahmanyar, Li Felländer-Tsai
BACKGROUND: The socioeconomic status (SES) of patients has been widely recognized as playing an important role in many health-related conditions, including orthopaedic conditions, in which a higher SES has been associated with a higher utilization of more advanced medical treatments such as drugs, diagnostics, and surgery. However, the association between SES and cruciate ligament surgery has not been thoroughly investigated. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between SES and choice of treatment in patients with a cruciate ligament injury...
November 11, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832745/the-burden-of-chickenpox-disease-in-sweden
#8
Katarina Widgren, Johan Giesecke, Lars Lindquist, Anders Tegnell
BACKGROUND: Chickenpox vaccine is not included in the routine childhood vaccination programme in Sweden. The aim of this study was to estimate the baseline of national chickenpox disease burden, as comprehensive studies, required for an assessment regarding vaccine introduction, are lacking. METHODS: We used available health care registers and databases; the death register, hospitalisations register, communicable disease notifications database, Stockholm County registers on consultations in specialist and primary care, temporary parental benefit to care for a sick child, and searches on the health care system's website...
November 10, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821670/identification-of-patients-with-non-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-in-primary-care-a-case-control-study
#9
Marcela Ewing, Peter Naredi, Chenyang Zhang, Jörgen Månsson
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide and second most common in Europe. Despite screening, it is often diagnosed at an unfavourable stage. AIM: To identify and quantify features of non-metastatic colorectal cancer in primary care to enable earlier diagnosis by GPs. DESIGN AND SETTING: A case-control study was conducted using diagnostic codes from national and regional healthcare databases in Sweden. METHOD: A total of 542 patients diagnosed with non-metastatic colorectal cancer in 2011 and 2139 matched controls were selected from the Swedish Cancer Register (SCR) and a regional healthcare database respectively...
November 7, 2016: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803195/an-integrated-metagenomics-pipeline-for-strain-profiling-reveals-novel-patterns-of-bacterial-transmission-and-biogeography
#10
Stephen Nayfach, Beltran Rodriguez-Mueller, Nandita Garud, Katherine S Pollard
We present the Metagenomic Intra-species Diversity Analysis System (MIDAS), which is an integrated computational pipeline for quantifying bacterial species abundance and strain-level genomic variation, including gene content and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), from shotgun metagenomes. Our method leverages a database of more than 30,000 bacterial reference genomes that we clustered into species groups. These cover the majority of abundant species in the human microbiome but only a small proportion of microbes in other environments, including soil and seawater...
November 2016: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800019/adverse-events-in-orthopedic-care-identified-via-the-global-trigger-tool-in-sweden-implications-on-preventable-prolonged-hospitalizations
#11
Hans Rutberg, Madeleine Borgstedt-Risberg, Pelle Gustafson, Maria Unbeck
BACKGROUND: The national incidence of adverse events (AEs) in Swedish orthopedic care has never been described. A new national database has made it possible to describe incidence, nature, preventability and consequences of AEs in Swedish orthopedic care. METHODS: We used national data from a structured two-stage record review with a Swedish modification of the Global Trigger Tool. The sample was 4,994 randomly selected orthopedic admissions in 56 hospitals during 2013 and 2014...
2016: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786502/childhood-psychopathic-personality-and-callous-unemotional-traits-in-the-prediction-of-conduct-problems
#12
Louise Frogner, Chris L Gibson, Anna-Karin Andershed, Henrik Andershed
This study analyzed data from a prospective longitudinal study of Swedish preschoolers to examine whether psychopathic traits and concurrent conduct problems predict future conduct problems (CP) across 1- and 2-year follow-ups into early childhood. We tested the predictive ability of psychopathic traits while controlling for concurrent CP, and also by combining psychopathic traits with concurrent CP. A community sample of 1,867 preschoolers (47% girls) ages 3 to 5 years at baseline was recruited from a Swedish medium-sized municipality...
October 27, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770250/preoperative-anaemia-and-perioperative-red-blood-cell-transfusion-as-prognostic-factors-for-recurrence-and-mortality-in-colorectal-cancer-a-swedish-cohort-study
#13
Malin E M Mörner, Gustaf Edgren, Anna Martling, Ulf Gunnarsson, Monika Egenvall
PURPOSE: The hypothesis in this study was that anaemia prior to surgery and perioperative red blood cell transfusion increases the risk for recurrence and overall mortality in patients with stages I-III colorectal cancer after abdominal resection with curative intent. METHODS: This is a Swedish single centre retrospective cohort study. Data on 496 consecutive radical abdominal resections stages I-III colorectal cancer performed at the Karolinska University Hospital 2007-2010 were extracted from the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768720/risk-factors-for-fatal-hyperglycaemia-confirmed-by-forensic-postmortem-examination-a-nationwide-cohort-in-sweden
#14
Lotta Walz, Anna K Jönsson, Brita Zilg, Carl Johan Östgren, Henrik Druid
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with confirmed fatal hyperglycaemia, which could predispose potentially preventable deaths in individuals on glucose lowering drugs. METHODS: A retrospective register-based case-control study conducted on a nationwide cohort with individuals who died due to hyperglycaemia as determined by forensic postmortem examination, in Sweden August 2006 to December 2012. Vitreous glucose was used to diagnose hyperglycaemia postmortem...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766966/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-overweight-horses-at-premises-in-sweden-assessed-using-official-animal-welfare-control-data
#15
Peta L Hitchens, Jan Hultgren, Jenny Frössling, Ulf Emanuelson, Linda J Keeling
BACKGROUND: There are Swedish animal welfare regulations concerning the body condition of horses and general advice on keeping horses including that horses should be fed so that they do not become over- or underweight relative to their use. Compliance is assessed by official animal welfare inspectors. The objective of this study was to determine whether the national animal welfare control database could be used to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for overweight horses in Sweden...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749548/persistence-to-antihypertensive-drug-classes-a-cohort-study-using-the-swedish-primary-care-cardiovascular-database-spccd
#16
Miriam Qvarnström, Thomas Kahan, Helle Kieler, Lena Brandt, Jan Hasselström, Kristina Bengtsson Boström, Karin Manhem, Per Hjerpe, Björn Wettermark
The aim was to study persistence to, and switching between, antihypertensive drug classes and to determine factors associated with poor persistence.This was an observational cohort study. The Swedish Primary Care Cardiovascular Database includes data from medical records, socioeconomic data, filled prescriptions, and hospitalizations from national registries for 75,000 patients with hypertension. Patients included in the study were initiated on antihypertensive drug treatment in primary healthcare in 2006 to 2007...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749388/thiazide-diuretics-and-the-risk-of-osteoporotic-fractures-in-hypertensive-patients-results-from-the-swedish-primary-care-cardiovascular-database
#17
Tove Bokrantz, Charlotta Ljungman, Thomas Kahan, Kristina B Boström, Jan Hasselström, Per Hjerpe, Dan Mellström, Linus Schiöler, Karin Manhem
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to investigate if treatment with thiazides reduces the risk of osteoporotic fractures in hypertensive patients in primary healthcare. Further we aimed to examine the impact of duration of thiazide use, the consequences of discontinuation of treatment, and the possible difference in effect between men and women. METHOD: This retrospective cohort study includes 57 822 individuals, 45 years and older, diagnosed with hypertension during 2001-2008 in the Swedish Primary Care Cardiovascular Database...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747735/epidemiologic-patterns-of-injuries-treated-at-the-emergency-department-of-a-swedish-medical-center
#18
Fredrik Röding, Marie Lindkvist, Ulrica Bergström, Jack Lysholm
BACKGROUND: The injury spectrum published in the literature has mainly been presented for a certain age group, as elderly or for a certain type of injury, as fracture and often restricted to in-hospital care cases. Our objective was to give an overview of the major types of injuries for all age groups and trends in the adult population. METHODS: We analyzed 68,159 adult injury events, which occurred between 1999 and 2008 and was treated at the Emergency Department of Umea University Hospital...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745916/pay-for-performance-in-the-inpatient-sector-a-review-of-34-p4p-programs-in-14-oecd-countries
#19
Ricarda Milstein, Jonas Schreyoegg
Across the member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), pay-for-performance (P4P) programs have been implemented in the inpatient sector to improve the quality of care provided by hospitals. This paper provides an overview of 34 existing P4P programs in the inpatient sector in 14 OECD countries based on a structured literature search in five databases to identify relevant sources in Danish, English, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Spanish, Swedish and Turkish...
September 20, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716136/linking-swedish-health-data-registers-to-establish-a-research-database-and-a-shared-decision-making-tool-in-hip-replacement
#20
Peter Cnudde, Ola Rolfson, Szilard Nemes, Johan Kärrholm, Clas Rehnberg, Cecilia Rogmark, John Timperley, Göran Garellick
BACKGROUND: Sweden offers a unique opportunity to researchers to construct comprehensive databases that encompass a wide variety of healthcare related data. Statistics Sweden and the National Board of Health and Welfare collect individual level data for all Swedish residents that ranges from medical diagnoses to socioeconomic information. In addition to the information collected by governmental agencies the medical profession has initiated nationwide Quality Registers that collect data on specific diagnoses and interventions...
October 4, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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