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Adaptive RT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142643/verification-of-a-computer-aided-replica-technique-for-evaluating-prosthesis-adaptation-using-statistical-agreement-analysis
#1
Hang-Nga Mai, Kyeong Eun Lee, Kyu-Bok Lee, Seung-Mi Jeong, Seok-Jae Lee, Cheong-Hee Lee, Seo-Young An, Du-Hyeong Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of computer-aided replica technique (CART) by calculating its agreement with the replica technique (RT), using statistical agreement analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prepared metal die and a metal crown were fabricated. The gap between the restoration and abutment was replicated using silicone indicator paste (n = 25). Gap measurements differed in the control (RT) and experimental (CART) groups...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138983/cloning-expression-analysis-and-enzyme-activity-assays-of-the-%C3%AE-carbonic-anhydrase-gene-from-chlamydomonas-sp-ice-l
#2
Changfeng Qu, Yingying He, Zhou Zheng, Meiling An, Lulu Li, Xixi Wang, Xiaodong He, Yibin Wang, Fangming Liu, Jinlai Miao
The α-carbonic anhydrase (α-CA) is a zinc ion-containing enzyme that catalyzes the hydration of carbon dioxide. In this paper, a full-length α-CA gene was cloned from Chlamydomonas sp. ICE-L using RT-PCR and RACE-PCR for bioinformatic analysis. The α-CA open reading frame obtained by PCR was cloned into a vector and transformed into Escherichia coli to generate α-CA-producing bacteria. The α-CA was highly expressed upon induction with isopropyl-β-d-thiogalactoside (IPTG) at a final concentration of 0...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137472/changes-in-transcription-pattern-lead-to-a-marked-decrease-in-cox-cs-and-sqr-activity-after-the-developmental-point-of-the-22-nd-gestational-week
#3
H Kolarova, J Krizova, M Hulkova, H Hansikova, H Hulkova, V Smid, J Zeman, T Honzik, M Tesarova
Tissue differentiation and proliferation throughout fetal development interconnect with changes in the Oxidative Phosphorylation System (OXPHOS) on the cellular level. Reevaluation of the expression data revealed a significant increase in COX4 and MTATP6 liver transcription levels after the 22(nd) gestational week (GW) which inspired us to characterize its functional impact. Specific activities of cytochrome c oxidase (COX), citrate synthase (CS), succinate-coenzyme Q reductase (SQR) and mtDNA determined by spectrophotometry and RT-PCR were studied in a set of 25 liver and 18 skeletal muscle samples at 13(th) to 29(th) GW...
November 10, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136455/lbh589-inhibits-glioblastoma-growth-and-angiogenesis-through-suppression-of-hif-1%C3%AE-expression
#4
Zhi-Gang Yao, Wen-Huan Li, Fang Hua, Hong-Xia Cheng, Miao-Qing Zhao, Xi-Chao Sun, Ye-Jun Qin, Jia-Mei Li
Glioblastoma (GBM) is an angiogenic malignancy with a highly unfavorable prognosis. Angiogenesis in GBM represents an adaptation to a hypoxic microenvironment and is correlated with tumor growth, invasion, clinical recurrence, and lethality. LBH589 (also called panobinostat) is a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor with potent antitumor activity. In the current study, we investigated the mechanism and effects of LBH589 on GBM growth and hypoxia-induced angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. To determine the antitumor and angiogenesis activity and mechanism of LBH589, we used cell proliferations in vitro and GBM xenografts in vivo...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135807/effects-of-stressor-controllability-on-transcriptional-levels-of-c-fos-arc-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-mouse-amygdala-and-medial-prefrontal-cortex
#5
Mayumi Machida, György Lonart, Larry D Sanford
Controllability is an important factor in determining stress outcomes. Uncontrollable stress is associated with the development of psychopathology such as post-traumatic stress disorder, whereas controllable stress is associated with adaptive stress responses and positive outcomes. In this study, we investigated how controllability affects poststress neurobiology by assessing transcriptional levels of activity-dependent genes in medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and amygdala, regions important in mediating stress outcomes...
November 13, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135117/what-is-the-connection-between-serum-phosphorus-cancer-and-heroin-a-medical-hypothesis-based-on-observational-studies
#6
Vassilis Kouloulias, Christos-David Papaloucas, Aristofanis Papaloucas
Considering the results of a previous study in which 2321 regular heroin addicts who died without having stopped taking the drug since they had started - from various causes but none from cancer, may mean something. Our first thought was: Can't we hypothesize, reinforcing our previous view that heroin is a "barrier" against cancer and as the user gets in the methadone program he/she lacks the "barrier" and therefore is liable to develop cancer? We have already reported that the amount of blood phosphorus in heroin addicted is significantly lower than in healthy ones...
September 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126275/active-antimicrobial-efflux-in-staphylococcus-epidermidis-building-up-of-resistance-to-fluoroquinolones-and-biocides-in-a-major-opportunistic-pathogen
#7
Sofia Santos Costa, Miguel Viveiros, Constança Pomba, Isabel Couto
Objectives: To analyse the efflux-mediated response of Staphylococcus epidermidis to ethidium bromide (EtBr), a substrate of multidrug efflux pumps (EPs). Methods: The susceptible reference strain S. epidermidis ATCC 12228 was exposed to a step-wise adaptation to EtBr. The resulting EtBr-adapted strains were characterized regarding their antibiotic and biocide susceptibility by MIC determination and evaluation of efflux activity by re-determination of MICs in the presence of known efflux inhibitors and real-time fluorometry...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125573/tailoring-nutritional-advice-for-mexicans-based-on-prevalence-profiles-of-diet-related-adaptive-gene-polymorphisms
#8
Claudia Ojeda-Granados, Arturo Panduro, Karina Gonzalez-Aldaco, Maricruz Sepulveda-Villegas, Ingrid Rivera-Iñiguez, Sonia Roman
Diet-related adaptive gene (DRAG) polymorphisms identified in specific populations are associated with chronic disorders in carriers of the adaptive alleles due to changes in dietary and lifestyle patterns in recent times. Mexico's population is comprised of Amerindians (AM) and Mestizos who have variable AM, European (EUR) and African genetic ancestry and an increased risk of nutrition-related chronic diseases. Nutritional advice based on the Mexican genome and the traditional food culture is needed to develop preventive and therapeutic strategies...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125328/automated-retrieval-of-radiotherapy-data-for-clinical-trials-audit-and-research
#9
Marina Romanchikova, Karl Harrison, Neil G Burnet, Andrew Fc Hoole, Michael Pf Sutcliffe, Michael Andrew Parker, Rajesh Jena, Simon J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To enable fast and customisable automated collection of radiotherapy data from tomotherapy storage. METHODS: Human-readable data maps (TagMaps) were created to generate DICOM-RT data from tomotherapy archives, and provided access to "hidden" information comprising delivery sinograms, positional corrections and adaptive-RT doses. RESULTS: 797 datasets totalling 25,000 scans were batch-exported in 31.5 hours. All archived information was restored, including the data not available via commercial software...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125035/cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct-for-adaptive-image-guided-head-and-neck-radiation-therapy
#10
Christian A Hvid, Ulrik V Elstrøm, Kenneth Jensen, Cai Grau
BACKGROUND: Adaptive (ART) and image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) can improve target coverage and reduce unnecessary irradiation of organs at risk (OAR). The purpose of this study is to report the results of using mid-course imaging and a novel workflow with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) surveillance of dose to OAR to trigger adaptive replanning in head and neck radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Impact of radiation therapist (RTT) managed match protocol and mid-course imaging was assessed in two cohorts of consecutive patients receiving RT to the head and neck region, using computed tomography (CT) and CBCT-based dose verification respectively...
November 10, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112052/training-load-indices-perceived-tolerance-and-enjoyment-among-different-models-of-resistance-training-in-older-adults
#11
Jenny A Conlon, G Gregory Haff, James J Tufano, Robert U Newton
Conlon, JA, Haff, GG, Tufano, JJ, and Newton, RU. Training load indices, perceived tolerance, and enjoyment among different models of resistance training in older adults. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between volume load (VL), training monotony, and strain, and perceived tolerance and enjoyment, across periodized and nonperiodized (NP) resistance training (RT) in older adults. Forty-one healthy, untrained apparently healthy older adults (woman = 21, man = 20; 70...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109188/zinc-acquisition-mechanisms-differ-between-environmental-and-virulent-francisella-species
#12
G Brett Moreau, Aiping Qin, Barbara J Mann
Zinc is an essential nutrient for bacterial growth. Because host cells can restrict pathogen access to zinc as an antimicrobial defense mechanism, intracellular pathogens such as Francisella must sense their environment and acquire zinc in response. In many bacteria, the conserved transcription factor Zur is a key regulator of zinc acquisition. To identify mechanisms of zinc uptake in Francisella novicida U112, RNA sequencing was performed on wild-type and putative zur mutant bacteria. Only three genes were confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR as directly regulated by Zur and zinc limitation...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093708/dynamics-of-heat-shock-protein-70-serum-levels-as-a-predictor-of-clinical-response-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-correlation-with-the-hypoxia-related-marker-osteopontin
#13
Christian Ostheimer, Sophie Gunther, Matthias Bache, Dirk Vordermark, Gabriele Multhoff
Hypoxia mediates resistance to radio(chemo)therapy (RT) by stimulating the synthesis of hypoxia-related genes, such as osteopontin (OPN) and stress proteins, including the major stress-inducible heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70). Apart from its intracellular localization, Hsp70 is also present on the plasma membrane of viable tumor cells that actively release it in lipid vesicles with biophysical characteristics of exosomes. Exosomal Hsp70 contributes to radioresistance while Hsp70 derived from dying tumor cells can serve as a stimulator of immune cells...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093100/weaker-hla-footprints-on-hiv-in-the-unique-and-highly-genetically-admixed-host-population-of-mexico
#14
Maribel Soto-Nava, Santiago Avila-Ríos, Humberto Valenzuela-Ponce, Claudia García-Morales, Jonathan M Carlson, Daniela Tapia-Trejo, Daniela Garrido-Rodriguez, Selma N Alva-Hernández, Thalía A García-Tellez, Akio Murakami-Ogasawara, Simon A Mallal, Mina John, Mark A Brockman, Chanson J Brumme, Zabrina L Brumme, Gustavo Reyes-Teran
HIV circumvents HLA class I-restricted CD8+ T cell responses through selection of escape mutations that leave characteristic mutational "footprints" - also known as HLA-associated polymorphisms (HAPs) - on HIV sequences at the population level. While many HLA footprints are universal across HIV subtypes and human populations, others can be region-specific as a result of the unique immunogenetic background of each host population. Using a published probabilistic phylogenetically-informed model, we compared HAPs in HIV Gag and Pol (PR-RT) in 1,612 subtype B-infected, antiretroviral treatment-naïve individuals from Mexico and 1,641 from Canada/USA...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091306/effects-of-apelin-on-retinal-microglial-cells-in-a-rat-model-of-oxygen-induced-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#15
Wei Zhang, Ding-Guo Zhang, Xing Liang, Wei-Liang Zhang, Jing-Xue Ma
This study explores the effects of apelin on retinal microglial cells in rat models of oxygen-induced retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Totally, 274 rats were selected for establishing oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) models, and 92 healthy rats for control group. OIR rats were assigned into OIR, 10(-5) g/L apelin, 10(-4) g/L apelin and 10(-3) g/L apelin groups. Immunohistochemistry was employed to determine morphology of microglial cells and cell number. CDllb, ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (IBA-1), TNF-α and iNOS mRNA and protein expressions were identified using RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077954/evaluation-of-793-b-like-and-mass-like-vaccine-strain-kinetics-in-experimental-and-field-conditions-by-real-time-rt-pcr-quantification
#16
C M Tucciarone, G Franzo, G Berto, M Drigo, G Ramon, K C Koutoulis, E Catelli, M Cecchinato
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is a great economic burden both for productive losses and costs of the control strategies. Many different vaccination protocols are applied in the same region and even in consecutive cycles on the same farm in order to find the perfect balance between costs and benefits. In Northern Italy, the usual second vaccination is more and more often moved up to the chick's first d of life. The second strain administration together with the common Mass priming by spray at the hatchery allows saving money and time and reducing animal stress...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064728/preparation-and-evaluation-of-a-novel-live-attenuated-influenza-h1n1-vaccine-strain-produced-by-a-modified-classical-reassortment-method
#17
Yunfeng Long, Lei Ma, Ze Liu, Shaohui Song, Xingliang Geng, Fan Yang, Qi Guo, Zhuofan Li, Weidong Li, Guoyang Liao
Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV)-based Vero cells could provide a better choice to control and prevent influenza virus infections. This study used the human influenza virus A/Yunnan/1/2005Vca(H3N2) (YN/05Vca) as a donor strain. YN/05Vca has a double phenotype of cold adaption (ca) and Vero cell adaption (va). The parental virus strain used was the wild-type A/Solomon Islands/3/2006 (H1N1) (SI/06wt). The study employed the modified classical reassortment method to generate a new virus strain. After co-infection of Vero cells, some different sub-types of the reassorted viruses were generated randomly...
October 24, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062208/impact-of-heat-stress-and-hypercapnia-on-physiological-hematological-and-behavioral-profile-of-tharparkar-and-karan-fries-heifers
#18
Priyanka Pandey, O K Hooda, Sunil Kumar
AIM: The present investigation was undertaken to study the impact of heat stress and hypercapnia on physiological, hematological, and behavioral profile of Tharparkar and Karan Fries (KF) heifers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The animals of both the breeds of Tharparkar and KF were exposed at different temperatures and CO2 levels. Exposure conditions of 25°C, 400 ppm CO2 level, and 60% relative humidity (RH) were taken as a control condition. The exposure conditions 40°C with two levels of CO2 500 ppm and 600 ppm with RH 55±5% and exposure conditions 42°C with two levels of CO2 500 ppm and 600 ppm with RH 55±5% were taken as treatments...
September 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055189/a-mannose-specific-c-type-lectin-from-fenneropenaeus-merguiensis-exhibited-antimicrobial-activity-to-mediate-shrimp-innate-immunity
#19
Phanthipha Runsaeng, Peerapong Puengyam, Prapaporn Utarabhand
Being one type of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), lectins exhibit a crucial role in the defense mechanism of invertebrates which are deficient in an adaptive immune system. A new C-type lectin called FmLC3 was isolated from hepatopancreas of Fenneropenaeus merguiensis by cloning approaches, RT-PCR and 5' and 3' RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends). A full-length cDNA of FmLC3 contains 607 bp with one open reading frame of 480bp, encoding a 159-amino acids peptide. The predicted primary structure of FmLC3 is composed of a signal peptide, a carbohydrate recognition domain with an EPN motif and one Ca(2+) binding site-2, including a double-loop region assisted by two conserved disulfide linkages...
October 18, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054410/molecular-cloning-and-3d-structure-of-first-cytochrome-p450-from-cyp3a-subfamily-in-saltwater-crocodile-crocodylus-porosus
#20
Rabia Tabassum
Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) play critical role in oxidative metabolism of numerous xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The first CYP3A subfamily member in saltwater crocodile has been cloned and modelled for three-dimensional (3D) structure. The full-length cDNA was obtained employing reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) strategy and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The cDNA sequence of 1659 nucleotides includes 132 nucleotides from 5' untranslated region (UTR), an open reading frame of 1527 nucleotides encoding 509 amino acids designated as CYP3A163...
October 17, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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