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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151234/excavating-the-psyche-a-social-history-of-soviet-psychiatry-in-bulgaria
#1
Julian Chehirian
This article investigates how an imported Soviet psychiatric model affected Bulgarians who experienced psychological crisis by examining therapeutic possibilities that were available and foreclosed in the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Bulgarians struggling with psychological disorders in the present day experience polar forms of marginalization: non-recognition on one extreme, and chronic medicalization on the other. Both tendencies can be traced to the Communist-period remodeling of mental healthcare, which outlawed private practice and individual-centered therapy, which reified empirically observable, physiological underpinnings of pathology while suppressing therapies that engaged with the existential context of mental illness...
November 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151192/impact-of-oral-ketamine-augmentation-on-hospital-admissions-in-treatment-resistant-depression-and-ptsd-a-retrospective-study
#2
John Hartberg, Simone Garrett-Walcott, Angelo De Gioannis
RATIONALE: Depressive episodes are the leading cause of mental health-related hospital admissions in Australia, and 44% of those admitted have a previous history of hospitalisations for depression (Admitted patient mental health-related care: (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Aust Hospital Stat 2011-12, 2013). Despite numerous available antidepressant treatments, many patients do not respond to conventional therapy, having what is called 'treatment resistance' (Fava Biol Psychiatry 53:649-659, 2003)...
November 18, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151147/the-relationship-of-five-boarding-school-experiences-and-physical-health-status-among-northern-plains-tribes
#3
Ursula Running Bear, Calvin D Croy, Carol E Kaufman, Zaneta M Thayer, Spero M Manson
PURPOSE: American Indian (AI) boarding school attendance is related to poor physical health status; however, little is known about how specific aspects of this experience contribute to poor health. Five experiences (age of first attendance, limited family visits, forced church attendance, prohibition on practicing AI culture and traditions, and punishment for use of AI language) may be independently associated with physical health status in adulthood. We expected the effect to be greater for those who began boarding school at older ages...
November 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151094/glossolalia-and-aphasia-related-but-different-worlds
#4
Leila Chouiter, Jean-Marie Annoni
The word glossolalia, also referred to as "speaking in tongues," originates from the Greek "glossa" which means "language" and "Lalia" which means "speak." It simply means to talk language. On a linguistic perspective, glossolalia is characterized by almost no recognizable words or semantic content, apart from biblical words and phrases, with an overrepresentation of a small phonemes number, accelerated speech output, and modification of accents and melody. Its phonemic properties have been said to resemble those of the language(s) of the speaker...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151090/de-cl%C3%A3-rambault-syndrome-othello-syndrome-folie-%C3%A3-deux-and-variants
#5
Montserrat G Delgado, Julien Bogousslavsky
Non-bizarre delusion, defined as a false belief possible although highly unlikely, is the main manifestation of delusional disorders, previously known as paranoia. Based on the predominant delusional themes, 5 main subtypes may be described - erotomanic, grandiose, jealous, persecutory, and somatic. We present here 2 main delusional disorders, the De Clérambault syndrome and the Othello syndrome, and another closely related to the previous ones - Folie à deux. In the De Clérambault syndrome, the main delusional theme is erotomanic type, related to passional delirium where the patient has strong sexual feelings towards another person and has the belief that this other person is deeply in love with him or her...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151089/capgras-syndrome-and-other-delusional-misidentification-syndromes
#6
Alain Barrelle, J-P Luauté
The delusional misidentification syndromes (DMS) are a group of disorders, characterized by patients mistaking the identity of people they know, although they recognize them physically. The term DMS is an umbrella term which may cover disorders whose definition extends to objects other than people, such as animals, places, or familiar material objects. The most common and best known DMS is Capgras syndrome. In this disorder, the misidentification leads to the delusional conviction that a close friend or relative has been replaced by an identical - or almost identical - "double," whose original has disappeared...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150898/a-model-to-characterize-psychopathological-features-in-adults-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#7
Denise Thuilleaux, Virginie Laurier, Pierre Copet, Julie Tricot, Geneviève Demeer, Fabien Mourre, Maithé Tauber, Joseba Jauregi
High prevalence of behavioral and psychiatric disorders in adults with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) has been reported in last few years. However, data are confusing and often contradictory. In this article, we propose a model to achieve a better understanding of the psychopathological features in adults with PWS. The study is based on clinical observations of 150 adult inpatients, males and females. Non-parametric statistics were performed to analyse the association of psychopathological profiles with genotype, gender and age...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150753/psychological-aspects-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Rajesh Sagar, Tanu Gupta
Childhood obesity is multi factorial health condition, so the simple evaluation of body fat will not be sufficed to manage the global epidemic of childhood obesity. Literature consistently provides evidence for physical health risks associated with childhood obesity; however in recent times, mental health of the obese children has also gained attention of the researchers as well as clinicians. Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing...
November 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150713/efficacy-of-silexan-in-subthreshold-anxiety-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials
#9
Hans-Jürgen Möller, Hans-Peter Volz, Angelika Dienel, Sandra Schläfke, Siegfried Kasper
Subthreshold psychiatric disorders do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of syndromal disorders but may be associated with comparable disability. To investigate the anxiolytic effect of Silexan, an active substance from lavender oil for oral administration, in patients with subthreshold anxiety, a meta-analysis that included all published trials with Silexan in this indication was performed. Three randomised, placebo-controlled trials in subthreshold anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, restlessness and agitation, mixed anxiety and depressive disorder) were included...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150211/challenges-faced-when-caring-for-foreign-nationals-with-comorbid-medical-and-psychiatric-problems-in-the-general-hospital
#10
Rubiahna L Vaughn, Theodore A Stern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150136/associations-between-cortical-thickness-structural-connectivity-and-severity-of-dimensional-bulimia-nervosa-symptomatology
#11
Margaret L Westwater, Jakob Seidlitz, Kelly M J Diederen, Sarah Fischer, James C Thompson
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is a psychiatric illness defined by preoccupation with body image (cognitive 'symptoms'), binge eating and compensatory behaviors. Although diagnosed BN has been related to grey matter alterations, characterization of brain structure in women with a range of BN symptoms has not been made. This study examined whether cortical thickness (CT) values scaled with severity of BN cognitions in 33 women with variable BN pathology. We then assessed global structural connectivity (SC) of CT to determine if individual differences in global SC relate to BN symptom severity...
November 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149969/indicators-of-complex-care-during-the-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-activity-at-the-transplant-center-of-the-policlinico-hospital-modena
#12
G Mattei, A Laghi, S Balduzzi, M Moscara, C Piemonte, C Reggianini, M Rigatelli, S Ferrari, L Pingani, G M Galeazzi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify possible biopsychosocial predictors of organizational complexity in patients referred to the consultant psychiatrist for assessment before liver transplantation. METHODS: This was a case-control study. All psychiatric consultations performed before and after liver transplantation from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2013 were included. Complexity was operationalized as "undergoing two or more psychiatric consultations"...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149921/gastrointestinal-and-hepatic-disease-in-fibromyalgia
#13
REVIEW
Richard A Schatz, Baharak Moshiree
Fibromyalgia (FM) has historically been associated with several diseases in gastroenterology and hepatology. The most substantiated evidence pertains to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The pathogeneses of FM and IBS remain unclear, but it is likely related to dysregulation within the brain-gut axis, resulting in a hyperalgesic state. IBS and FM share other similarities, including a female predominance, fatigue, insomnia, and susceptibility to psychiatric state. These common manifestations and pathogeneses serve as a foundation for overlapping, multidisciplinary treatment modalities...
February 2018: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149893/association-between-severity-of-illicit-drug-dependence-and-quality-of-life-in-a-psychosocial-care-center-in-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#14
Selva Rios Campêlo, Maria Alves Barbosa, Danilo Rocha Dias, Camila Cardoso Caixeta, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Celmo Celeno Porto
BACKGROUND: Quality of life must be one of the main purposes for the treatment of drug users, requiring a better understanding of the association between the quality of life and the severity of dependency. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of substance use in various areas of human functioning and quality of life of illicit drug users in a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 participants - illicit drug users - treated at a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149668/parental-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-epilepsy-a-study-from-jordan
#15
Amira Masri, Samah Aburahma, Aisha Khasawneh, Abdelkarim Al Qudah, Omar Nafi, Miral Al Momani, Faisal Khatib
PURPOSE: To explore the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of parents whose children were diagnosed with epilepsy. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire based study of parents who accompanied their children with epilepsy to the child neurology clinics at three university hospitals in Jordan. RESULTS: Most parents (427, 90.3%) knew that epilepsy is not related to a psychiatric disease. Approximately half of the parents (245, 51.8%) used the internet as their source of knowledge, and most used Arabic websites...
November 8, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149462/a-multi-institutional-study-of-the-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-evidence-based-practice
#16
Daphne C Duncombe
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to examine perceived barriers and facilitators to implementing evidence-based practice among nurses working in psychiatric, geriatric, hospital and community settings in The Bahamas. BACKGROUND: It is evident from previous studies that a number of factors exist which either obstruct or promote the utilization of research evidence in nursing practice. Identifying these factors is vital to the successful uptake of evidence-based practice in nursing...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149171/risk-factors-for-hospitalizations-among-patients-with-cirrhosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Shari S Rogal, Viyan Udawatta, Imo Akpan, Akshata Moghe, Alexis Chidi, Amit Shetty, Eva Szigethy, Klaus Bielefeldt, Andrea DiMartini
This study was designed to assess unique baseline factors associated with subsequent hospitalizations in a cohort of outpatients with cirrhosis. A cohort of 193 patients with cirrhosis was recruited from an outpatient liver disease clinic at a single, tertiary medical center. Comorbidities, prescription medications, liver disease symptoms and severity, and psychiatric and pain symptoms were assessed at baseline using validated instruments. Inflammatory markers were measured using standardized Luminex assays...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149114/-calls-due-to-suicidal-behaviour-made-to-the-prehospital-emergency-department-in-m%C3%A3-laga-characteristics-and-associated-factors
#18
M Jiménez-Hernández, S Castro-Zamudio, J Guzmán Parra, A I Martínez-García, C Guillén-Benítez, B Moreno-Küstner
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behaviour (fatal and non-fatal) has become a serious public health problem in many countries. The aim of the study was to describe the differential characteristics of emergency calls due to suicidal behaviour made to the Emergency Coordinating Centre (CCUE) in the province of Málaga, in comparison with calls due to physical or psychiatric problems. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of the calls recorded in the database of the Public Company for Emergency Health during one year...
November 17, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148881/ultrarapid-influence-of-buprenorphine-on-major-depression-in-opioid-dependent-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Jamshid Ahmadi, Mina Sefidfard Jahromi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of different doses of buprenorphine on depression symptoms in opioid dependent inpatient over a three-day interval, using a randomized clinical trial design (RCT). DESIGN: Patients were randomized and assigned to three groups. PARTICIPANTS: Forty males who were admitted to an inpatient psychiatric unit and who fulfilled the DSM-5 criteria for both opioid dependence and major depressive disorder. INTERVENTION: Patients randomly received 32 mg, 64 mg, or 96 mg of buprenorphine as a single high dose...
November 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148569/exome-sequence-analysis-and-follow-up-genotyping-implicates-rare-ulk1-variants-to-be-involved-in-susceptibility-to-schizophrenia
#20
Mariam M Al Eissa, Alessia Fiorentino, Sally I Sharp, Niamh L O'Brien, Kate Wolfe, Giovanni Giaroli, David Curtis, Nicholas J Bass, Andrew McQuillin
Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe, highly heritable psychiatric disorder. Elucidation of the genetic architecture of the disorder will facilitate greater understanding of the altered underlying neurobiological mechanisms. The aim of this study was to identify likely aetiological variants in subjects affected with SCZ. Exome sequence data from a SCZ cas-control sample from Sweden was analysed for likely aetiological variants using a weighted burden test. Suggestive evidence implicated the UNC-51-like kinase (ULK1) gene, and it was observed that four rare variants that were more common in the Swedish SCZ cases were also more common in UK10K SCZ cases, as compared to obesity cases...
November 17, 2017: Annals of Human Genetics
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