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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539373/bet-2-pre-hospital-finger-thoracostomy-in-patients-with-chest-trauma
#1
Pritchard Jodie, Hogg Kerstin
A short cut review was carried out to see if 'finger' thoracostomy is a safe and effective method of treating a tension pneumothorax in a pre-hospital setting. Five relevant papers were found looking at this technique in the pre-hospital setting. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. This technique appears to be safe and effective when performed by trained physicians in a pre-hospital setting...
June 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539371/bet1-pre-hospital-finger-thoracostomy-in-patients-with-traumatic-cardiac-arrest
#2
Pritchard Jodie, Hogg Kerstin
A short cut review was carried out to see if 'finger' thoracostomy was a safe and effective procedure to use in the pre-hospital setting in patients with traumatic cardiac arrest. Three relevant papers were found describing the use of this technique in the pre-hospital setting. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results study weaknesses of these papers are tabulated. Finger thoracostomy appears to be an acceptable and effective technique for trained physicians in the pre-hospital setting...
June 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538641/prehospital-plasma-resuscitation-associated-with-improved-neurologic-outcomes-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
Matthew C Hernandez, Cornelius A Thiels, Johnathon M Aho, Elizabeth B Habermann, Martin D Zielinski, James A Stubbs, Donald H Jenkins, Scott P Zietlow
INTRODUCTION: Trauma related hypotension and coagulopathy worsen secondary brain injury in patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Early damage control resuscitation with blood products may mitigate hypotension and coagulopathy. Preliminary data suggest resuscitation with plasma in large animals improve neurologic function after TBI; however, data in humans are lacking. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all poly-trauma patients age >15 years with head injuries undergoing prehospital resuscitation with blood products at a single level I trauma center from 01/2002 to 12/2013...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533863/management-and-outcome-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-at-muhimbili-orthopaedic-institute-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#4
Respicious Boniface, Edwin Rwebugisa Lugazia, Abel Mussa Ntungi, Othman Kiloloma
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain Injuries represents a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and road traffic crashes accounts for a significant proportion of these injuries. However, access to neurosurgical care is poor in low income countries like Tanzania. The aim of this study was to assess the management and outcome of Traumatic brain injury patients at a tertiary level health facility in Tanzania. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of Traumatic brain injury patients attended at Muhimbili Orthopedic Institute between January 2014 and June 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526053/pre-hospital-triage-performance-after-standardized-trauma-courses
#5
Maria Lampi, Johan Junker, Peter Berggren, Carl-Oscar Jonson, Tore Vikström
BACKGROUND: The pre-hospital triage process aims at identifying and prioritizing patients in the need of prompt intervention and/or evacuation. The objective of the present study was to evaluate triage decision skills in a Mass Casualty Incident drill. The study compares two groups of participants in Advanced Trauma Life Support and Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support courses. METHODS: A questionnaire was used to deal with three components of triage of victims in a Mass Casualty Incident: decision-making; prioritization of 15 hypothetical casualties involved in a bus crash; and prioritization for evacuation...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522168/is-pre-hospital-cpr-a-risk-factor-for-early-death-in-patients-transferred-to-an-adult-burn-center
#6
Kanika Trehan, Stacey Rotta, Shea C Gregg, Kristen Glasgow, Roselle E Crombie, Walter M Cholewczynski, Nabil Atweh, Alisa Savetamal
BACKGROUND: Burn patients who require cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) prior to admission to a Burn Center are anecdotally known to suffer higher mortality than those who do not require pre-hospital CPR. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review identified adult patients admitted to our burn center between 2013 and 2015. Included patients met one or both of the following criteria: (1) 20 percent or more total body surface area (%TBSA) burned and (2) need for intubation prior to admission to our facility...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515604/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-pre-hospital-medical-emergencies-early-warning-scale
#7
Abbasali Ebrahimian, Gholamreza Masoumi, Roohangiz Jamshidi-Orak, Hesam Seyedin
INTRODUCTION: The number of requests for emergency medical services (EMSs) has increased during the past decade. However, most of the transports are not essential. Therefore, it seems crucial to develop an instrument to help EMS staff accurately identify patients who need pre-hospital care and transportation. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Pre-hospital Medical Emergencies Early Warning Scale (Pre-MEWS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This mixed-method study was conducted in two phases...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514360/-preoperative-mri-diagnostics-of-the-topographic-features-of-neck-arteries-in-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-tonsillitis
#8
A I Kryukov, G Yu Tsarapkin, A A Ivanchikov, A S Tovmasyan, I G Kolbanova, S G Arzamazov, S A Panasov, E V Gorovaya, A S Kakorin
The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of abnormalities of the major neck vessels and elucidate the specific features of blood supply of palatine tonsil based on the results of MRI performed in the vasculature-targeting regimen. A total of 109 patients presenting with chronic tonsillitis (including 64 women and 45 men at the age varying from 15 to 54 years) were available for the examination. All the patients underwent the MRI diagnostic study of the neck vessels by way of the preliminary evaluation of their condition at the pre-hospital stage...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513518/firearm-injuries-received-in-emergency-room-of-a-nigerian-teaching-hospital-aanalysis-of-pattern-morbidity-and-mortality
#9
N I Omoke
BACKGROUND: The morbidity and mortality associated with civilian firearm injury in developing countries is appreciable. The increasing incidence of gunshot casualties received in hospital emergency rooms is an emerging concern. The aim of this study was to determine the pattern and outcome of firearm injuries in a civilian setting of a developing country. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This was a retrospective analysis of data on the entire patients with firearm injury received in the emergency room of Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki from January 2005 to December 2014...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501815/can-the-prehospital-national-early-warning-score-identify-patients-most-at-risk-from-subsequent-deterioration
#10
Joanna Shaw, Rachael T Fothergill, Sophie Clark, Fionna Moore
INTRODUCTION: The National Early Warning Score (NEWS) aids the early recognition of those at risk of becoming critically ill. NEWS has been recommended for use by ambulance services, but very little work has been undertaken to date to determine its suitability. This paper examines whether a prehospital NEWS derived from ambulance service clinical observations is associated with the hospital ED disposition. METHODS: Prehospital NEWS was retrospectively calculated from the ambulance service clinical records of 287 patients who were treated by the ambulance service and transported to hospital...
May 13, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499667/insight-into-the-incidence-of-acute-aortic-dissection-in-the-german-region-of-berlin-and-brandenburg
#11
S D Kurz, V Falk, J Kempfert, M Gieb, T M Ruschinski, M Kukucka, M Tsokos, H Grubitzsch, H Herbst, J Semmler, C Buschmann
BACKGROUND: Stanford acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) is a potentially lethal condition. Epidemiology studies show a statistical incidence in Europe of approximately 2-16 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year. In Germany, the estimated incidence (here subsumed under "thoracic aortic dissection" with 4.63 cases/100,000 inhabitants/year) is mainly extracted from medical death certificates by the German Federal Statistical Office. The prehospital incidence of ATAAD deaths is largely unknown...
May 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499459/dispatch-and-prehospital-transport-for-acute-septic-patients-an-observational-study
#12
Peter Bank Pedersen, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Søren Mikkelsen, Annmarie Touborg Lassen
BACKGROUND: In order to dispatch ambulances with the correct level of urgency, the dispatch center has to balance the perceived urgency and traffic safety considerations with the available resources. As urgency is not clear in all clinical situations, some high urgency patients may end up with a suboptimal mode of transport. Patients with severe sepsis or septic shock suffer from highly time dependent conditions but they present with a wide range of symptoms, which might be difficult to identify in the dispatch system...
May 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497765/-acute-myocardial-infarction-among-icelanders-forty-years-old-and-younger-2005-2009-comparison-with-a-study-carried-out-1980-1984
#13
Bjorn Jakob Magnusson, Uggi Agnarsson, Thorarinn Guðnason, Gudmundur Þorgeirsson
INTRODUCTION: While acute myocardial infarction  (AMI) mostly is a disease of the elderly it also affects younger individuals, often with serious consequenses. In 1980-1984 a study was carried out on the incidence, risk factors, infarct location and distribution of atherosclerosis among Icelanders forty years and younger with AMI. Here we present the results of a similar study carried out for the five year period 2005-2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical and autopsy records of all individuals, forty years and younger, diagnosed with AMI (I21 in ICD-10) at Landspitali, National University Hospital 2005-2009, or suffering sudden cardiac death in Iceland during the same period were reviewed...
January 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494484/is-high-quality-trauma-care-business-as-usual-in-new-zealand
#14
Ian Civil, Siobhan Isles
New Zealand is on the cusp of establishing a world-class trauma system. Many of the building blocks are in place with national and regional guidelines in both the pre-hospital and hospital phases of care established. A dedicated clinical workforce is available in all DHBs and national data available through the Major Trauma Registry. The greatest threat to achieving high-quality trauma care in New Zealand at this point is governance stability rather than clinical variability. Now is the time to lock the trauma system into a framework not subject to political or bureaucratic whims...
May 12, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486897/effect-of-pre-hospital-advanced-airway-management-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-caused-by-respiratory-disease-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#15
N Ohashi-Fukuda, T Fukuda, N Yahagi
Optimal pre-hospital care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) caused by respiratory disease may differ from that for OHCA associated with other aetiologies, especially with respect to respiratory management. We aimed to investigate whether pre-hospital advanced airway management (AAM) was associated with favourable outcomes after OHCA caused by intrinsic respiratory disease. This nationwide, population-based, propensity score-matched study of adult patients in Japan with OHCA due to respiratory disease from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2012 compared patients with and without pre-hospital AAM...
May 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482932/do-pre-hospital-poisoning-deaths-differ-from-in-hospital-deaths-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Lauri Koskela, Lasse Raatiniemi, Håkon Kvåle Bakke, Tero Ala-Kokko, Janne Liisanantti
BACKGROUND: Most fatal poisonings occur outside the hospital and the victims found dead. The purpose of this study was to determine the general pattern and patient demographics of fatal poisonings in Northern Finland. In particular, we wanted to analyze differences between pre-hospital and in-hospital deaths. METHODS: All fatal poisonings that occurred in Northern Finland in 2007-2011 were retrieved from the Cause of Death Registry provided by Statistics Finland...
May 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478245/the-impact-of-race-on-discharge-disposition-and-length-of-hospitalization-following-craniotomy-for-brain-tumor
#17
Whitney E Muhlestein, Dallin S Akagi, Silky Chotai, Lola B Chambless
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities exist in healthcare, frequently resulting in unfavorable outcomes for minority patients. Here, we use guided machine learning (ML) ensembles to model the impact of race on discharge disposition and length of stay (LOS) following brain tumor surgery from the HCUP National Inpatient Sample (NIS). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 41,222 patients who underwent craniotomies for brain tumors from 2002-2011 and were registered in the NIS...
May 3, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467026/prehospital-notification-for-major-trauma-patients-requiring-emergency-hospital-transport-a-systematic-review
#18
Anneliese Synnot, Adrian Karlsson, Lisa Brichko, Melissa Chee, Mark Fitzgerald, Mahesh C Misra, Teresa Howard, Joseph Mathew, Thomas Rotter, Michelle Fiander, Russell L Gruen, Amit Gupta, Satish Dharap, Madonna Fahey, Michael Stephenson, Gerard O'Reilly, Peter Cameron, Biswadev Mitra
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to determine the effect of prehospital notification systems for major trauma patients on overall (< 30 days) and early (< 24 hours) mortality, hospital reception and trauma team presence (or equivalent) on arrival, time to critical interventions and length of hospital stay. METHODS: Experimental and observational studies of pre-hospital notification compared with no notification or another type of notification in major trauma patients requiring emergency transport were included...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465003/the-modified-rapid-emergency-medicine-score-a-novel-trauma-triage-tool-to-predict-in-hospital-mortality
#19
Ross T Miller, Niaman Nazir, Tracy McDonald, Chad M Cannon
BACKGROUND: Trauma systems currently rely on imperfect and subjective tools to prioritize responses and resources, thus there is a critical need to develop a more accurate trauma severity score. Our objective was to modify the Rapid Emergency Medicine (REMS) Score for the trauma population and test its accuracy as a predictor of in-hospital mortality when compared to other currently used scores, including the Revised Trauma Score (RTS), the Injury Severity Score (ISS), the "Mechanism, Glasgow Coma Scale, Age and Arterial Pressure" (MGAP) score, and the Shock Index (SI) score...
April 25, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452882/field-and-en-route-reboa-a-feasible-military-reality
#20
Viktor A Reva, Tal Hörer, Andrey I Makhnovskiy, Mikhail V Sokhranov, Igor M Samokhvalov, Joseph J DuBose
BACKGROUND: Severe non-compressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) remains a leading cause of potentially preventable death in modern military conflicts. Resuscitative endovascular occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has demonstrated potential as an effective adjunct to the treatment of NCTH in the civilian early hospital and even pre-hospital settings - but the application of this technology for military pre-hospital use has not been well described. We aimed to assess the feasibility of both field and en route pre-hospital REBOA in the military exercise setting simulating a modern armed conflict...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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