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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527274/caracter%C3%A3-sticas-de-la-estructura-molecular-de-las-prote%C3%A3-nas-e-del-virus-del-zika-y-e1-del-virus-de-la-rub%C3%A3-ola-y-posibles-implicaciones-en-el-neurotropismo-y-en-las-alteraciones-del-sistema-nervioso
#1
Luis Alberto Gómez, Gladis Montoya, Hernán Mauricio Rivera, Juan Carlos Hernández
Introducción. El virus del Zika (ZIKV) es un flavivirus con envoltura, transmitido a los seres humanos principalmente por el vector Aedes aegypti. La infección por ZIKV se ha asociado con un gran neurotropismo y con efectos neuropáticos, como el síndrome de Guillain-Barré en el adulto y la microcefalia fetal y posnatal, así como con un síndrome de infección congénita similar al producido por el virus de la rubéola (RV).Objetivo. Comparar las estructuras moleculares de la proteína de envoltura E del virus del Zika (E-ZIKV) y de la E1 del virus de la rubéola (E1-RV), y plantear posibles implicaciones en el neurotropismo y en las alteraciones del sistema nervioso asociadas con el ZIKV...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513769/the-situation-of-nursing-education-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-towards-universal-health
#2
Silvia Helena De Bortoli Cassiani, Lynda Law Wilson, Sabrina de Souza Elias Mikael, Laura Morán Peña, Rosa Amarilis Zarate Grajales, Linda L McCreary, Lisa Theus, Maria Del Carmen Gutierrez Agudelo, Adriana da Silva Felix, Jacqueline Molina de Uriza, Nathaly Rozo Gutierrez
Objective: to assess the situation of nursing education and to analyze the extent to which baccalaureate level nursing education programs in Latin America and the Caribbean are preparing graduates to contribute to the achievement of Universal Health. Method: quantitative, descriptive/exploratory, cross-sectional study carried out in 25 countries. Results: a total of 246 nursing schools participated in the study. Faculty with doctoral level degrees totaled 31...
May 11, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513766/intervening-factors-for-the-initiation-of-treatment-of-patients-with-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer
#3
Thaína Dalla Valle, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Vanessa de Brito Poveda
Objective: to identify the time between symptoms, the request for care and the beginning of treatment in patients with stomach and colorectal cancer as well as the factors that interfere in these processes. Method: correlational descriptive study, including 101 patients diagnosed with stomach or colorectal cancer, treated in a hospital specialized in oncology. Results: the 101 patients investigated there was predominance of males, mean age of 61...
May 15, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513765/factors-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-among-university-students
#4
Hugo Gedeon Barros Dos Santos, Samira Reschetti Marcon, Mariano Martínez Espinosa, Makilin Nunes Baptista, Paula Mirianh Cabral de Paulo
Objective: to analyze the factors associated with suicidal ideation in a representative sample of university students. Methods: cross-sectional study, carried out with 637 students of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. The presence of suicidal ideation, demographic and socioeconomic variables, use of alcohol through the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test, and depressive symptoms (Major Depression Inventory) were investigated. Bivariate analysis was performed with the Chi-square test and multivariate analysis using the Poisson regression model...
May 15, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489187/teamwork-relevance-and-interdependence-of-interprofessional-education
#5
M Tamayo, A Besoaín-Saldaña, M Aguirre, J Leiva
OBJECTIVE: Determine the perception of university students regarding interprofessional and interdependent work between team members in their inclusion in primary care. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study. The sampling had a probabilistic, stratified random type with 95% confidence and 5% margin of error. Seven-hundred and four students of Public Universities in Santiago (Chile) answered self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Ninety-seven point eight of students say that interprofessional work is important; 27...
April 27, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483047/follicular-unit-extraction-for-hair-transplantation-an-update
#6
F Jiménez-Acosta, I Ponce-Rodríguez
Follicular unit extraction (FUE) is a hair transplantation technique that uses small punches (0.8-1 mm in diameter) to extract the follicular units (FUs). Though initially the technique was not widely accepted because of the difficulty of extracting intact follicular units with such small punches, it has since gained in popularity due mainly to rising patient demand, the availability of better instrumentation and greater surgical skill acquired from experience. It is now a recognised alternative to follicular unit transplantation (FUT), a technique based on harvesting the FUs from a strip of tissue...
May 5, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458975/pretrimmed-versus-direct-nonshaven-follicular-unit-extraction
#7
Jae Hyun Park, Seung Hyun You
BACKGROUND: Shaving the donor area is one of the major deterrents preventing hair transplant patients from selecting follicular unit extraction (FUE). A minimal shaved donor area is possible in strip surgery, but the strip method is not applicable if the patient wishes to avoid a linear donor scar, wishes to minimize postoperative pain, or has insufficient scalp laxity. In these cases, nonshaven FUE (NS-FUE) is potentially a very good choice. METHODS: A total of 42 patients were enrolled...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458974/various-types-of-minor-trauma-to-hair-follicles-during-follicular-unit-extraction-for-hair-transplantation
#8
Jae Hyun Park, Seung Hyun You
BACKGROUND: When performing follicular unit extraction (FUE), various types of minor hair follicle trauma unapparent during follicular unit strip surgery are likely to occur. However, no studies have examined such damage. METHODS: In total, 100 grafts were randomly selected from each of 42 patients who underwent FUE with a 1-mm-diameter sharp punch. A ×5.5 magnifying loupe and a ×60 magnifying binocular microscope were used. The transection rate (TR), paring, fractures of and damage to the dermal papilla (DP) areas, and hair bulb partial injury were assessed...
March 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421808/insatisfacci%C3%A3-n-con-la-imagen-corporal-en-ni%C3%A3-os-y-adolescentes-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#9
Paloma Jiménez Flores, Arturo Jiménez Cruz, Montserrat Bacardi Gascón
Introducción: la diferencia de la percepción entre la silueta percibida y la deseada se ha definido como insatisfacción con la imagen corporal (IMCO).Objetivo: evaluar los métodos utilizados para medir la IMCO y la frecuencia de la IMCO en niños y adolescentes.Metodología: se buscaron artículos registrados en las bases de datos de PubMed, EBSCOhost y Scielo, de estudios transversales en inglés y español, que valoraran la IMCO en niños y adolescentes publicados de abril de 2010 al mes de abril de 2015...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421803/factores-de-riesgo-relacionados-con-los-h%C3%A3-bitos-de-vida-en-pacientes-con-patolog%C3%A3-a-osteomuscular
#10
María Teresa Nestares, Macarena Salinas, Carlos De Teresa, Javier Díaz-Castro, Jorge Moreno-Fernández, Magdalena López-Frías
Introducción: las enfermedades osteomusculares (EOM) engloban una serie de patologías discapacitantes con alta incidencia y prevalencia, representando un alto costo económico y social. Es fundamental su prevención, por lo que es de gran interés determinar factores de riesgo modificables, como son los relacionados con los hábitos de vida.Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo y trasversal en 91 pacientes seleccionados mediante muestreo aleatorio sistemático y que fueron distribuidos en tres grupos experimentales según la causa y evolución de su EOM (cervicalgia, gonalgia y lumbalgia)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421802/capital-psicol%C3%A3-gico-y-su-relaci%C3%A3-n-con-el-estilo-de-vida-de-universitarios-mexicanos
#11
Joel Omar González-Cantero, Roberto Oropeza Tena, Ferran Padrós Blázquez, Cecilia Colunga Rodríguez, Roberto Montes Delgado, Víctor Hugo González-Becerra
Introducción: en algunos estudios se ha reportado que los universitarios no tienen un estilo de vida saludable (EVS) por lo que es necesario identificar no solo las variables psicosociales negativas, sino también las variables de Psicología Positiva que pueden favorecerlo.Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre el capital psicológico (CapPsi) y el estilo de vida (EV) de estudiantes universitarios mexicanos.Método: se realizó un estudio transversal y correlacional con 320 estudiantes de una universidad pública...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421800/prevalencia-y-factores-asociados-al-consumo-de-bebidas-azucaradas-en-escolares-de-9-a-17-a%C3%A3-os-de-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-estudio-fuprecol
#12
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Juan Camilo Fuerte-Celis, Javier Martínez-Torres, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista
Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia y los factores asociados al consumo de bebidas azucaradas en una población escolar de Bogotá, Colombia, pertenecientes al Estudio FUPRECOL.Métodos: estudio descriptivo y transversal, realizado en 8.136 niños y adolescentes en edad escolar entre 9 y 17 años de Bogotá, Colombia. El peso, la estatura, el índice de masa corporal (IMC), la circunferencia de cintura y el porcentaje de grasa se recogieron como marcadores antropométricos y de composición corporal. El consumo de bebidas azucaradas (bebidas carbonatadas, jugos ultra-procesados y/o té), y los factores asociados (sexo, edad, obesidad abdominal, clasificación del IMC, grado de estudios de la madre/padre, y nivel nutricional por cuestionario "Krece plus" indicador de adherencia a la dieta mediterránea), se recogieron por encuesta estructurada...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421781/aporte-de-hierro-y-zinc-bioaccesible-a-la-dieta-de-ni%C3%A3-os-hondure%C3%A3-os-menores-de-24-meses
#13
Lorena Fernández-Palacios, Gaspar Ros-Berruezo, Elsa Barrientos-Augustinus, Elizabeth Jirón de Caballero, Carmen Frontela-Saseta
Objetivo: en el presente estudio se han analizado 18 alimentos infantiles (10 elaborados con recetas tradicionales hondureñas y 8 papillas industriales comercializadas en ese país), que suponen la base de la alimentación de los lactantes hondureños excluida la leche materna y las fórmulas infantiles.Material y métodos: se determinó el contenido y bioacesiblidad (fracciones solubes y dializables) de Fe y Zn. Para ello se simuló una digestión in vitro gastrointestinal con una primera fase de digestión gástrica (con pepsina), seguida de una segunda fase de digestión intestinal (con pancreatina y sales biliares)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421778/estimaci%C3%A3-n-del-coste-de-la-nutrici%C3%A3-n-parenteral-domiciliaria-en-espa%C3%A3-a
#14
Rosa Burgos Peláez, María Nuria Virgili Casas, María Cristina Cuerda Compés, José Manuel Moreno Villares, Gabriel Olveira, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Carmina Wanden-Berghe Lozano, Álvaro Muñoz Cuadrado, Covadonga Torres González, Miguel Ángel Casado Gómez
Introducción: la nutrición parenteral domiciliaria (NPD) mejora la calidad de vida de los pacientes permitiéndoles recibir nutrición en su domicilio y facilitando su integración social y laboral.Objetivo: analizar el coste de la NPD en España.Métodos: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de los Registros de NPD en España (años 2007-2014), elaborados por el Grupo NADYA-SENPE. Se analizó la evolución de: pacientes que requerían NPD, episodios/paciente por los que se administró NPD, duración media de los episodios, vías de acceso y tasa de complicaciones...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403340/fertility-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-of-adolescent-pregnancies-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#15
Maria de Lourdes de Souza, Fiona Ann Lynn, Linda Johnston, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira Tavares, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann, Lúcio José Botelho
Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403338/needs-of-family-caregivers-in-home-care-for-older-adults
#16
Carla Cristiane Becker Kottwitz Bierhals, Naiana Oliveira Dos Santos, Fernanda Laís Fengler, Kamila Dellamora Raubustt, Dorothy Anne Forbes, Lisiane Manganelli Girardi Paskulin
Objective: to reveal the felt and normative needs of primary family caregivers when providing instrumental support to older adults enrolled in a Home Care Program in a Primary Health Service in the South of Brazil. Methods: using Bradshaw's taxonomy of needs to explore the caregiver's felt needs (stated needs) and normative needs (defined by professionals), a mixed exploratory study was conducted in three steps: Descriptive quantitative phase with 39 older adults and their caregiver, using a data sheet based on patient records; Qualitative exploratory phase that included 21 caregiver interviews, analyzed by content analysis; Systematic observation, using an observation guide with 16 caregivers, analyzed by descriptive statistics...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403337/assessment-of-the-nursing-care-product-aprocenf-a-reliability-and-construct-validity-study
#17
Danielle Fabiana Cucolo, Márcia Galan Perroca
Objectives: to verify the reliability and construct validity estimates of the "Assessment of nursing care product" scale (APROCENF) and its applicability. Methods: this validation study included a sample of 40 (inter-rater reliability) and 172 (construct validity) assessments performed by nurses at the end of the work shift at nine inpatient services of a teaching hospital in the Brazilian Southeast. The data were collected between February and September/2014 with interruptions...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403334/patient-safety-incidents-and-nursing-workload
#18
Katya Cuadros Carlesi, Kátia Grillo Padilha, Maria Cecília Toffoletto, Carlos Henriquez-Roldán, Monica Andrea Canales Juan
Objective: to identify the relationship between the workload of the nursing team and the occurrence of patient safety incidents linked to nursing care in a public hospital in Chile. Method: quantitative, analytical, cross-sectional research through review of medical records. The estimation of workload in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) was performed using the Therapeutic Interventions Scoring System (TISS-28) and for the other services, we used the nurse/patient and nursing assistant/patient ratios...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403333/assessment-of-risk-of-falls-in-elderly-living-at-home
#19
Adriana de Azevedo Smith, Antonia Oliveira Silva, Rosalina Aparecida Partezani Rodrigues, Maria Adelaide Silva Paredes Moreira, Jordana de Almeida Nogueira, Luiz Fernando Rangel Tura
Objective: to assess the risk of falls in elderly, by comparing the sociodemographic and cognitive factors, history of falls and self-reported comorbidities. Method: cross-sectional and quantitative study with 240 elderly. Data were collected based on the social profile, through the instrument of risk of falls and assessment of falls, by univariate analysis, bivariate and multiple logistic regression. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 19 was used for statistical analysis...
April 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380163/aging-as-a-predictor-of-nursing-workload-in-intensive-care-unit-results-from-a-brazilian-sample
#20
Renata Eloah de Lucena Ferretti-Rebustini, Lilia de Souza Nogueira, Rita de Cassia Gengo E Silva, Vanessa de Brito Poveda, Selma Pinheiro Machado, Elaine Machado de Oliveira, Rafaela Andolhe, Katia Grillo Padilha
OBJECTIVE: Verify if aging is an independent predictor of NW in ICU, according to age groups, and its predictive value as a determinant of NW in ICU. METHODS: Study was conducted from 2012 to 2016. A convenience sample composed by patients (age ≥ 18) admitted to nine ICU belonging to a Brazilian hospital, was analyzed. Age was assumed as an independent variable and NW (measured by the Nursing Activities Score - NAS) as dependent. Linear regression model and ROC curve were used for the analysis...
April 3, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
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