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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902933/prototype-of-a-computerized-scale-for-the-active-search-for-potential-organ-donors
#1
Érika Fernanda Dos Santos Bezerra Ludwig, Marta Cristiane Alves Pereira, Yolanda Dora Évora Martinez, Karina Dal Sasso Mendes, Mariana Angela Rossaneis
Objective: to develop a prototype of a computerized scale for the active search for potential organ and tissue donors. Method: methodological study, with the analysis of 377 electronic medical records of patients who died due to encephalic death or cardiorespiratory arrest in the intensive care units of a tertiary hospital. Among the deaths due to cardiorespiratory arrest, the study aimed to identify factors indicating underreported encephalic death cases. The Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II and Sepsis Related Organ Failure Assessment severity indexes were applied in the protocols...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902931/binge-drinking-a-pattern-associated-with-a-risk-of-problems-of-alcohol-use-among-university-students
#2
André Bedendo, André Luiz Monezi Andrade, Emérita Sátiro Opaleye, Ana Regina Noto
Objective: to evaluate problems associated with alcohol use among university students who reported binge drinking in comparison to students who consumed alcohol without binging. Method: a cross-sectional study among university students (N=2,408) who accessed the website about alcohol use. Logistic and linear regression models were included in the statistical analyzes. Results: alcohol use in the last three months was reported by 89.2% of university students; 51...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902325/interface-between-social-support-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-users-eligible-for-palliative-care
#3
Cissa Azevedo, Juliana Dias Reis Pessalacia, Luciana Regina Ferreira da Mata, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Maria da Graça Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Analyzing the relationship between social support, quality of life and depression in patients eligible for palliative care at Primary Health Care of a municipality in the interior of Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHOD: A correlational cross-sectional study carried out with patients treated in six primary health care units. Data were submitted to descriptive statistical analysis, tests for differences between averages and medians, and correlation tests. The significance level was 0...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902324/influence-of-sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#4
Lara Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Pereira, Cláudia Chaves
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the quality of life of Portuguese patients with schizophrenia and linking it to sociodemographic and clinical aspects. METHOD: A quantitative cross-sectional study carried out with individuals affected by schizophrenia, living in the entire continental territory of Portugal, through application of a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the Quality of Life Scale short version (QLS7PT). Parametric and non-parametric tests were performed to evaluate the correlation between variables...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855879/how-social-communications-influence-advertising-perception-and-response-in-online-communities
#5
Fue Zeng, Ran Tao, Yanwu Yang, Tingting Xie
This research aims to explore how social communications of online communities affect users' perception and responses toward social media advertising. We developed a conceptual model based on the SBT, encapsulating 9 constructs and 10 hypothesis extracted from the extant social media advertising literature. Our research outcome proves that social communications can effectively boost users' behaviors to be in accordance with an online social community, thus facilitate their acceptance and responses toward social media advertising, with users' group intention as an intervening factor...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793128/elaboration-and-validation-of-the-medication-prescription-safety-checklist
#6
Aline de Oliveira Meireles Pires, Maria Beatriz Guimarães Ferreira, Kleiton Gonçalves do Nascimento, Márcia Marques Dos Santos Felix, Patrícia da Silva Pires, Maria Helena Barbosa
Objective: to elaborate and validate a checklist to identify compliance with the recommendations for the structure of medication prescriptions, based on the Protocol of the Ministry of Health and the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency. Method: methodological research, conducted through the validation and reliability analysis process, using a sample of 27 electronic prescriptions. Results: the analyses confirmed the content validity and reliability of the tool...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751265/risk-assessment-and-biomonitoring-equivalent-for-2-ethylhexyl-2-3-4-5-tetrabromobenzoate-tbb-and-tetrabromobenzoic-acid-tbba
#7
Sean M Hays, Christopher R Kirman
2-ethylhexyl-2,3,4,5 tetrabromobenzoate (TBB) is used as a flame retardant. Biomonitoring for TBB exposures include the metabolite, tetrabromobenzoic acid (TBBA), in urine. We derived a Reference Dose (RfD) for TBB and a Biomonitoring Equivalent (BE) for TBBA in urine. Three longer-term studies of oral gavage dosing of a commercial mixture BZ-54 (which includes 70% TBB) in rats were evaluated for deriving the RfD. The 95% lower confidence limits on the BMD associated with a 1 SD change from the mean (BDMLSD) values ranged from 77 to 134 mg/kg-day...
July 25, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737879/-visceral-leishmaniasis-pediatric-case-report
#8
Andrés Gomila H, Carolina Vanzo, Analía Garnero, Luisina Peruzzo, Mónica Badalotti
La leishmaniasis es una enfermedad causada por parásitos obligados intracelulares pertenecientes al género Leishmania y que reconoce tres formas clínicas principales: cutánea, visceral y mucocutánea. Es una patología del grupo de las "enfermedades desatendidas". Es la única enfermedad tropical transmitida a través de vectores que se ha mantenido endémica por décadas en el sur de Europa. La leishmaniasis visceral representa la forma más grave. Se caracteriza por fiebre, pérdida de peso, anemia y hepatoesplenomegalia...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699997/accuracy-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-score-in-the-recognition-of-clinical-deterioration
#9
Juliana de Oliveira Freitas Miranda, Climene Laura de Camargo, Carlito Lopes Nascimento, Daniel Sales Portela, Alan Monaghan
Objective: to evaluate the accuracy of the version of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score translated and adapted for the Brazilian context, in the recognition of clinical deterioration. Method: a diagnostic test study to measure the accuracy of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score for the Brazilian context, in relation to a reference standard. The sample consisted of 271 children, aged 0 to 10 years, blindly evaluated by a nurse and a physician, specialists in pediatrics, with interval of 5 to 10 minutes between the evaluations, for the application of the Brighton Pediatric Early Warning Score for the Brazilian context and of the reference standard...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699996/quality-of-life-and-religious-spiritual-coping-in-palliative-cancer-care-patients
#10
Ticiane Dionizio de Sousa Matos, Silmara Meneguin, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Ferreira, Helio Amante Miot
Objectives: to compare the quality of life and religious-spiritual coping of palliative cancer care patients with a group of healthy participants; assess whether the perceived quality of life is associated with the religious-spiritual coping strategies; identify the clinical and sociodemographic variables related to quality of life and religious-spiritual coping. Method: cross-sectional study involving 96 palliative outpatient care patient at a public hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo and 96 healthy volunteers, using a sociodemographic questionnaire, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Brief Religious-Spiritual Coping scale...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699994/safe-surgery-validation-of-pre-and-postoperative-checklists
#11
Francine Taporosky Alpendre, Elaine Drehmer de Almeida Cruz, Ana Maria Dyniewicz, Maria de Fátima Mantovani, Ana Elisa Bauer de Camargo E Silva, Gabriela de Souza Dos Santos
Objective: to develop, evaluate and validate a surgical safety checklist for patients in the pre and postoperative periods in surgical hospitalization units. Method: methodological research carried out in a large public teaching hospital in the South of Brazil, with application of the principles of the Safe Surgery Saves Lives Programme of the World Health Organization. The checklist was applied to 16 nurses of 8 surgical units and submitted for validation by a group of eight experts using the Delphi method online...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699993/quality-of-life-of-patients-using-intermittent-urinary-catheterization
#12
Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Fernando Manuel Dias Henriques, Leonardo Orlandin
Objectives: measure and compare the quality of life of neurogenic bladder patients using intermittent urinary catheterization who were going through rehabilitation in Brazil and Portugal. Method: multicenter, quantitative, cross-sectional, observational-analytic and correlational study executed in Brazil and Portugal. Two data collection tools were used, being one questionnaire with sociodemographic and clinical data and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-bref...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699992/changes-in-frailty-conditions-and-phenotype-components-in-elderly-after-hospitalization
#13
Gianna Fiori Marchiori, Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares
Objective: describing the changes in frailty conditions over the period of a year after hospital discharge, verifying predictive variables for changes in frailty conditions and frailty phenotype components according to worsening, improving and stable groups. Method: a longitudinal survey carried out with 129 elderly. A structured form for socioeconomic and health data, scales (Geriatric Depression Scale - short form, Katz scale, Lawton and Brody scale) and frailty phenotype according to Fried were used...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699991/factors-influencing-the-missed-nursing-care-in-patients-from-a-private-hospital
#14
Raúl Hernández-Cruz, María Guadalupe Moreno-Monsiváis, Sofía Cheverría-Rivera, Aracely Díaz-Oviedo
Objective: to determine the factors that influence the missed nursing care in hospitalized patients. Methods: descriptive correlational study developed at a private hospital in Mexico. To identify the missed nursing care and related factors, the MISSCARE survey was used, which measures the care missed and associated factors. The care missed and the factors were grouped in global and dimension rates. For the analysis, descriptive statistics, Spearman's correlation and simple linear regression were used...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693030/prevalencia-de-alteraciones-en-la-interfase-vitreoretiniana-detectadas-mediante-tomograf%C3%A3-a-de-coherencia-%C3%A3-ptica-de-dominio-espectral
#15
Julie Jacob, Peter Stalmans
Objetivo: El objetivo principal del presente estudio consistió en determinar la prevalencia de los cambios en la interfase vitreomacular (IVM) mediante tomografía de coherencia óptica (OCT) en la población general. En segundo lugar, se describieron otros cambios de la OCT. Métodos: Las anomalías en la IVM se diagnosticaron mediante OCT y se distribuyeron de acuerdo con la clasificación del grupo International Vitreomacular Traction Study (estudio internacional de tracción vitreomacular, IVTS, por sus siglas en inglés) y se dividieron en 3 grados según John et al...
July 11, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693018/el-efecto-de-la-panfotocoagulaci%C3%A3-n-con-l%C3%A3-ser-en-edema-macular-diab%C3%A3-tico-con-el-fotocoagulador-pascal%C3%A2-versus-el-l%C3%A3-ser-de-arg%C3%A3-n-convencional
#16
Mohamed M Mahgoub, Tamer A Macky
Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el efecto de la panfotocoagulación (PFC) en el edema macular diabético (EMD) en pacientes con retinopatía diabética proliferativa (RDP) con el fotocoagulador Pascal® (FP) vs. un fotocoagulador con láser de argón convencional (FLAC). Métodos: Se aleatorizó el uso de FP o FLAC en ochenta ojos con RDP y EMD con afectación central de la mácula. Ambos grupos tuvieron una evaluación de base de mejor agudeza visual corregida y fueron examinados con tomografía de coherencia óptica y angiografía con fluoresceína...
July 11, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693011/comparaci%C3%A3-n-de-la-efectividad-de-ranibizumab-intrav%C3%A3-treo-para-el-tratamiento-del-edema-macular-diab%C3%A3-tico-en-ojos-vitrectomizados-y-no-vitrectomizados
#17
Yoshito Koyanagi, Shigeo Yoshida, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Yuki Kubo, Muneo Yamaguchi, Takahito Nakama, Shintaro Nakao, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Yuji Ohshima, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Kohhei Sonoda
Objetivo: Comparar la efectividad de ranibizumab intravítreo (RIV) para el tratamiento del edema macular diabético (EMD) en ojos con y sin vitrectomía previa. Procedimientos: Evaluamos de manera prospectiva la mejor agudeza visual corregida (MAVC) y el grosor macular central (GMC) tras el tratamiento con RIV durante 6 meses. Resultados: No se observaron diferencias significativas en la MAVC o GMC inicial en ninguno de los dos grupos. En el grupo no vitrectomizado (n = 15), los cambios medios en la MAVC y GMC hasta el sexto mes de tratamiento con respecto al valor inicial resultaron significativos (p < 0,01)...
July 11, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627215/la-red-de-promotores-de-salud-como-estrategia-de-educaci%C3%A3-n-alimentaria-el-ejemplo-del-programa-edalnu-1963-1994
#18
María Tormo Santamaría, Eva María Trescastro López, Pamela Pereyra Zamora, María Eugenia Galiana Sánchez, Josep Bernabeu-Mestre
La educación en alimentación y nutrición es una herramienta fundamental para garantizar la salud. En 1961, se puso en marcha el Programa de Educación en Alimentación y Nutrición (EDALNU), que ayudó a la población española a completar su transición alimentaria y nutricional. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar las características de la red de promotores de salud que se desarrolló en el marco del programa.Recibieron formación relacionada con alimentación y nutrición 46.752 personas, el 94% de ellas mujeres...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627202/infrapeso-materno-y-resultados-perinatales-estudio-de-cohortes-retrospectivo
#19
Ángel Vilar Sánchez, Juan Jesús Fernández Alba, María Del Carmen González Macías, María Del Carmen Paublete Herrera, Concepción Carnicer Fuentes, Florentino Carral San Laureano, Rafael Torrejón Cardoso, Luis Javier Moreno Corral
Introducción: algunos estudios han asociado el infrapeso materno con resultados perinatales adversos tales como aborto espontáneo, desprendimiento placentario, feto pequeño para edad gestacional, crecimiento intrauterino retardado y parto pretérmino.Objetivos: determinar si el infrapeso materno al inicio de la gestación influye sobre la forma de inicio y vía del parto, peso al nacer, índice de Apgar al minuto 5 y edad gestacional en el momento del parto.Métodos: estudio de cohortes retrospectivo en gestantes adscritas al Hospital Universitario de Puerto Real...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627201/grado-de-malnutrici%C3%A3-n-y-su-relaci%C3%A3-n-con-los-principales-factores-estructurales-y-alimentarios-de-la-poblaci%C3%A3-n-preescolar-hondure%C3%A3-a-prevalencia-de-la-lactancia-materna-en-los-mismos
#20
Lorena Fernández Palacios, Elsa Barrientos Augustinus, Carolina Raudales Urquía, Carmen Frontela Saseta, Gaspar Ros Berruezo
Introducción: la desnutrición infantil sigue siendo un grave problema de salud pública en Honduras, con una prevalencia nacional según valores de referencia de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) del 29% en niños menores de cinco años. Además, el promedio de desnutrición crónica en la región asciende hasta el 80% en comunidades pobres e indígenas, convirtiendo a Honduras en el segundo país en la región centroamericana con mayor incidencia de desnutrición crónica. Otro de los problemas que presenta la región resulta del abandono precoz de la lactancia materna exclusiva: solo el 29,7% de los menores fue alimentado exclusivamente con leche materna hasta los seis meses...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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