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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773219/an-open-trial-of-bedtime-fading-for-sleep-disturbances-in-preschool-children-a-parent-group-education-approach
#1
Michele R Cooney, Michelle A Short, Michael Gradisar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of bedtime fading to reduce sleep disturbances in preschool aged children by using a group parent education format. DESIGN: A repeated-measures design (pretreatment, treatment, post-treatment and two year follow-up). SETTING: Flinders University Child and Adolescent Sleep Clinic, Adelaide, South Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Participants comprised 21 children (M age = 3.0 ± 0...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712443/evaluation-of-full-s1-gene-sequencing-of-classical-and-variant-infectious-bronchitis-viruses-extracted-from-allantoic-fluid-and-fta-cards
#2
Basim Manswr, Christopher Ball, Anne Forrester, Julian Chantrey, Kannan Ganapathy
Sequence variability in the S1 gene determines the genotype of infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) strains. A single RT-PCR assay was developed to amplify and sequence the full S1 gene for six classical and variant IBVs (M41, D274, 793B, IS/885/00, IS/1494/06 and Q1) enriched in allantoic fluid (AF) or the same AF but inoculated onto Flinders Technology Association (FTA) cards. Representative strains from each genotype were grown in SPF eggs and RNA was extracted from AF. Full S1 gene amplification was achieved using primer A and primer 22...
May 1, 2018: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691211/developing-a-third-party-analytics-application-using-australia-s-national-personal-health-records-system-case-study
#3
Niranjan Bidargaddi, Yasmin van Kasteren, Peter Musiat, Michael Kidd
BACKGROUND: My Health Record (MyHR) is Australia's national electronic health record (EHR) system. Poor usability and functionality have resulted in low utility, affecting enrollment and participation rates by both patients and clinicians alike. Similar to apps on mobile phone app stores, innovative third-party applications of MyHR platform data can enhance the usefulness of the platform, but there is a paucity of research into the processes involved in developing third-party applications that integrate and use data from EHR systems...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689893/a-new-sun-moth-species-from-the-flinders-ranges-in-south-australia-lepidoptera-castniidae
#4
Axel Kallies, Ted Edwards
Sun moths (Castniidae) constitute a small family of day-flying butterfly-like moths that have their centers of diversity in South America and Australia. Here we describe a new castniid from the Finders Ranges, South Australia. Synemon arkaroola spec. nov. is similar and related to Synemon brontias Meyrick, 1891 but differs by a number of external and genitalic characters, including the extensive bright orange markings on the hindwings. The new species inhabits dry creek beds and adjacent slopes where the hostplant, Scented Lemon Grass, Cymbopogon ambiguus (Hack...
January 3, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682843/chronic-condition-self-management-support-for-aboriginal-people-adapting-tools-and-training
#5
Malcolm Battersby, Sharon Lawn, Inge Kowanko, Sue Bertossa, Coral Trowbridge, Raylene Liddicoat
PROBLEM: Chronic conditions are major health problems for Australian Aboriginal people. Self-management programs can improve health outcomes. However, few health workers are skilled in self-management support and existing programs are not always appropriate in Australian Aboriginal contexts. DESIGN: The goal was to increase the capacity of the Australian health workforce to support Australian Aboriginal people to self-manage their chronic conditions by adapting the Flinders Program of chronic condition self-management support for Australian Aboriginal clients and develop and deliver training for health professionals to implement the program...
April 22, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588253/evaluation-of-a-specialized-filter-paper-matrix-for-transportation-of-extended-bovine-semen-to-screen-for-bovine-herpesvirus-1-by-real-time-pcr
#6
Laxmi Narayan Sarangi, Naveena Thodangala, Samir Kumar Rana, Kota Sri Naga Leela Surendra, Rachamreddy Venkata Chandrasekhar Reddy, Bajibabu Putla, Ponnanna Nadikerianda Muthappa, Girish Kumar Sharma, Villuppanoor Srinivasan
The extended frozen semen (EFS) batches produced from infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) sero-positive cattle and buffalo bulls housed in various semen stations in India are transported to the testing laboratory in liquid nitrogen (LN2) for screening bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1). This procedure is laborious and poses LN2 related hazards. An alternative logistics for transportation of samples was investigated. Use of Flinders Technology Associates (FTA® ) elute card was evaluated for transportation of extended bovine semen to screen BoHV-1 DNA by real-time PCR targeting gB gene and the method was compared with the OIE approved Chelex resin based method...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575423/cytological-preparations-for-molecular-analysis-a-review-of-technical-procedures-advantages-and-limitations-for-referring-samples-for-testing
#7
REVIEW
G da Cunha Santos, M A Saieg, G Troncone, P Zeppa
Minimally invasive procedures such as endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) must yield not only good quality and quantity of material for morphological assessment, but also an adequate sample for analysis of molecular markers to guide patients to appropriate targeted therapies. In this context, cytopathologists worldwide should be familiar with minimum requirements for refereeing cytological samples for testing. The present manuscript is a review with comprehensive description of the content of the workshop entitled Cytological preparations for molecular analysis: pre-analytical issues for EBUS TBNA, presented at the 40th European Congress of Cytopathology in Liverpool, UK...
April 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499472/concordance-of-mitochondrial-dna-sequencing-methods-on-bloodstains-using-ion-pgm%C3%A2
#8
Lan Yao, Zhen Xu, Hemiao Zhao, Zheng Tu, Zhifang Liu, Wanshui Li, Lan Hu, Lihua Wan
In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome (mtGenome) of six samples from three forensic cases was sequenced using the Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (PGM). The analyzed samples from forensic cases included bloodstains from several materials, such as gauze, Flinder's Technology Associates (FTA) cards and swabs. The age of the samples ranged from two months to twelve years. The complete mtGenomes were amplified using the tiling sequencing strategy which divided the whole mtGenome into 162 amplicons...
February 27, 2018: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494226/fta-cards-for-preservation-of-nucleic-acids-for-molecular-assays-a-review-on-the-use-of-cytologic-tissue-samples
#9
Gilda da Cunha Santos
CONTEXT: - Traditional methods for storing histologic and cytologic specimens for future use in molecular assays have consisted of either snap-freezing with cryopreservation or formalin-fixing, paraffin-embedding the samples. Although snap-freezing with cryopreservation is recommended for better preservation of nucleic acids, the infrastructure and space required for archiving impose challenges for high-volume pathology laboratories. Cost-effective, long-term storage at room temperature; relatively easy shipment; and standardized handling can be achieved with formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples, but formalin fixation induces fragmentation and chemical modification of nucleic acids...
March 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460859/improving-vector-borne-pathogen-surveillance-a-laboratory-based-study-exploring-the-potential-to-detect-dengue-virus-and-malaria-parasites-in-mosquito-saliva
#10
Vanessa R Melanson, Ryan Jochim, Michael Yarnell, Karen Bingham Ferlez, Soumya Shashikumar, Jason H Richardson
Background & objectives: Vector-borne pathogen surveillance programmes typically rely on the collection of large numbers of potential vectors followed by screening protocols focused on detecting pathogens in the arthropods. These processes are laborious, time consuming, expensive, and require screening of large numbers of samples. To streamline the surveillance process, increase sample throughput, and improve cost-effectiveness, a method to detect dengue virus and malaria parasites (Plasmodium falciparum) by leveraging the sugar-feeding behaviour of mosquitoes and their habit of expectorating infectious agents in their saliva during feeding was investigated in this study...
October 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460789/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-peg-versus-radiologically-inserted-gastrostomy-rig-a-comparison-of-outcomes-at-an-australian-teaching-hospital
#11
Chandran Vidhya, Dunsmuir Phoebe, Chandran Dhina, Sandford Jayne, Fraser Robert
OBJECTIVE: Gastrostomy tubes for enteral nutrition are most commonly inserted via percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG) techniques. The current study aimed to compare clinical outcomes and complication rates in patients who underwent PEG and RIG procedures at a tertiary teaching hospital in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients who underwent PEG or RIG tube insertion between February 2013 and February 2015 at Flinders Medical Centre, Australia...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458347/the-contribution-of-a-mooc-to-community-discussions-around-death-and-dying
#12
Jennifer Tieman, Lauren Miller-Lewis, Deb Rawlings, Deborah Parker, Christine Sanderson
BACKGROUND: Advances in medicine have helped many to live longer lives and to be able to meet health challenges. However death rates are anticipated to increase given the ageing population and chronic disease progression. Being able to talk about death is seen to be important in normalising death as part of life and supporting preparedness for death. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) provide opportunities for the community to engage in collaborative learning. A 5 week MOOC was developed covering four main topics (language and humour, representations of death, medicalisation of dying, and digital dying) aiming: To enable participants to openly and supportively discuss and learn about issues around living, death and dying, To explore the normally unheard opinions and views of Australians around death and dying, and To determine what effect online learning and discussions offered through the MOOC had on participants' feelings and attitudes towards death and dying...
February 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453804/probiotics-affect-one-carbon-metabolites-and-catecholamines-in-a-genetic-rat-model-of-depression
#13
Sandra Tillmann, Hussain M Awwad, Amanda R Eskelund, Giulia Treccani, Juergen Geisel, Gregers Wegener, Rima Obeid
SCOPE: Probiotics may influence one-carbon (C1) metabolism, neurotransmitters, liver function markers, or behavior. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male adult Flinders Sensitive Line rats (model of depression, FSL; n = 22) received Lactobacillus helveticus R0052 and Bifidobacterium longum R0175 (109 or 1010 colony-forming units per day) or vehicle for 10 weeks. The controls, Flinders Resistant Line rats (FRL, n = 8), only received vehicle. C1-related metabolites were measured in plasma, urine, and different tissues...
April 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429853/evaluating-photographs-as-a-replacement-for-the-in-person-physical-examination-of-the-scored-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-in-elderly-hospital-patients
#14
Michelle Miller, Jolene Thomas, Jenni Suen, De Sheng Ong, Yogesh Sharma
BACKGROUND: Undernourished patients discharged from the hospital require follow-up; however, attendance at return visits is low. Teleconsultations may allow remote follow-up of undernourished patients; however, no valid method to remotely perform physical examination, a critical component of assessing nutritional status, exists. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare agreement between photographs taken by trained dietitians and in-person physical examinations conducted by trained dietitians to rate the overall physical examination section of the scored Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA)...
May 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428214/the-effects-of-bilateral-continuous-and-chronic-deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-medial-forebrain-bundle-in-a-rodent-model-of-depression
#15
Stephanie Thiele, Luciano Furlanetti, Lisa-Marie Pfeiffer, Volker A Coenen, Máté D Döbrössy
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials of supra-lateral medial forebrain bundle (MFB) Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in treatment resistant major depressive patients have shown rapid and long-term benefits. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The study used Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rats with previously identified depressive-like phenotype to assess the range of behavior modification achieved by MFB DBS. METHODS: Male FSL and wild-type Sprague-Dawley rats as Controls were tested on mood/anxiety/exploration, cognitive and motor behaviors...
May 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425582/identifying-the-best-sleep-measure-to-screen-clinical-insomnia-in-a-psychiatric-population
#16
Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Edimansyah Abdin, Sherilyn Chang, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are highly prevalent among patients with psychiatric disorders, and this mandates the need to identify the best self-administered sleep measure to screen for clinical insomnia among them. METHODS: A total of 400 psychiatric outpatients completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Flinders Fatigue Scale, Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, and Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale in a cross-sectional study...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380847/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-a-novel-food-service-satisfaction-questionnaire-for-food-service-staff-of-aged-care-homes
#17
M Miller, J Hamilton, R Scupham, L Matwiejczyk, I Prichard, O Farrer, A Yaxley
BACKGROUND: Food service staff are integral to delivery of quality food in aged care homes yet measurement of their satisfaction is unable to be performed due to an absence of a valid and reliable questionnaire. The aim of this study was to develop and perform psychometric testing for a new Food Service Satisfaction Questionnaire developed in Australia specifically for use by food service staff working in residential aged care homes (Flinders FSSQFSAC). METHODS: A mixed methods design utilizing both a qualitative (in-depth interviews, focus groups) and a quantitative approach (cross sectional survey) was used...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363856/the-role-of-nailfold-capillary-dropout-on-mortality-in-systemic-sclerosis
#18
Joanna Tieu, Paul Hakendorf, Richard J Woodman, Karen Patterson, Jenny Walker, Peter Roberts-Thomson
AIM: Semi-quantitative wide-field nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) is a simple technique with proven utility in the early diagnosis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Its role in prognosis, however, remains uncertain. This studyseeks to investigate the possible utility of NFC in predicting survival. METHODS: Patients with SSc listed on the South Australian Scleroderma Register (SASR) with prior NFC performed at Flinders Medical Centre from 1991 to 2015 were included in this study...
January 24, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285956/self-management-programs-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-peoples-with-chronic-conditions-a-rapid-review
#19
Ellie Moore, Sharon Lawn, Candice Oster, Andrea Morello
Objectives Review the evidence for the effectiveness of chronic condition self-management programs applied to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. Methods A rapid review methodology was followed to develop an evidence summary from peer-reviewed and grey literature. Results Only seven peer-reviewed studies were identified. The evidence indicated that group programs, particularly the Stanford Program, and structured individual chronic condition self-management programs were of good quality for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, although these need to be integrated into practice in order to see the greatest benefits...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273655/politics-policies-and-processes-a-multidisciplinary-and-multimethods-research-programme-on-policies-on-the-social-determinants-of-health-inequity-in-australia
#20
Fran Baum, Sharon Friel
INTRODUCTION: The development and implementation of multisectoral policy to improve health and reduce health inequities has been slow and uneven. Evidence is largely focused on the facts of health inequities rather than understanding the political and policy processes. This 5-year funded programme of research investigates how these processes could function more effectively to improve equitable population health. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The programme of work is organised in four work packages using four themes (macroeconomics and infrastructure, land use and urban environments, health systems and racism) related to the structural drivers shaping the distribution of power, money and resources and daily living conditions...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
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