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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733062/actitud-del-personal-m%C3%A3-dico-de-un-servicio-de-pediatr%C3%A3-a-ante-la-muerte-de-los-pacientes
#1
Luz María Sánchez-Sánchez, Edreí Daniel López-Córdova, Pedro Siller-Gómez
Introducción: Los médicos de hospitales de tercer nivel requie-ren alta competencia emocional, ya que enfrentan las de-mandas de enfermos terminales y sus fami-liares. Objetivo: Evaluar la actitud de médicos de un servicio de pediatría ante la muerte de los pacientes. Método: Médicos adscritos y residentes de pediatría contestaron anónimamente el Cuestionario de Actitudes ante la Muerte (CAM). Se utilizaron frecuencias absolutas, porcentajes, medias, desviaciones estándar, t de Student y chi cuadrado...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537329/mapping-review-of-accessible-pedestrian-infrastructures-for-individuals-with-physical-disabilities
#2
Stéphanie Gamache, François Routhier, Ernesto Morales, Marie-Hélène Vandersmissen, Normand Boucher
BACKGROUND: Due to the ageing population and higher prevalence of individuals living with physical disabilities, there is a critical need for inclusive practices when designing accessible pedestrian infrastructures for ensuring social participation and equal opportunities. PURPOSE: Summarize the physical characteristics of current pedestrian infrastructure design for individuals with physical disabilities (IPD - motor, visual and hearing) found in the scientific literature and assess its quality...
March 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420519/estudio-sobre-la-satisfacci%C3%A3-n-laboral-y-la-felicidad-en-m%C3%A3-dicos-dermat%C3%A3-logos
#3
Leonel Fierro-Arias, Pilar Simón-Díaz, Rosa María Ponce-Olivera, Roberto Arenas-Guzmán
Objetivo: Conocer la felicidad y la satisfacción laboral de los dermatólogos en México. Método: Estudio descriptivo, mediante encuesta en línea dirigida a dermatólogos especialistas, graduados y con ejercicio en México. Se incluyeron elementos demográficos, el Índice de Felicidad de Pemberton (con validación local) y preguntas para evaluar la satisfacción personal. Se realizaron medidas de tendencia central y dispersión; para comparar las variables categóricas, se utilizaron tablas de contingencia para ji al cuadrado, y al comparar variables cuantitativas con distribución normal se utilizó la prueba t de Student...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187039/representaciones-sociales-sobre-la-problem%C3%A3-tica-de-chagas-en-un-servicio-de-salud-comunitaria-del-gran-la-plata-buenos-aires-argentina
#4
Mariana Sanmartino, Carolina Amieva, Y Paula Medone
Hablar de Chagas es hablar de una problemática compleja, definida por elementos de carácter biomédico, epidemiológico, sociocultural y político, que se conjugan dinámicamente. En este trabajo buscamos identificar y analizar las representaciones sobre Chagas de los integrantes del equipo de salud de un centro de atención periurbano de la ciudad de La Plata, Argentina. Mediante un abordaje cualitativo, se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas y se analizaron las respuestas con la técnica del análisis de contenido...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991274/psychosocial-risks-and-stress-as-predictors-of-burnout-in-junior-doctors-performing-emergency-guards
#5
María Fernández-Prada, Joaquín González-Cabrera, Concepción Iribar-Ibabe, José María Peinado
Objective: To study the stress, the psychosocial risks associated to the job and the burnout, in a group of junior doctors working at the emergency ward; and to analyze what of those variables could predict and are better related with burnout. Methods: Cross-sectional study, with a sample of 42 junior doctors which are on duty in the emergency ward of the University Hospital San Cecilio, Granada (Spain). The Spanish adapted version of the Perceived Stress Scale was used to evaluate stress, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to evaluate the professional burnout and the adapted and scaled questionnaire for the self-evaluation of psychosocial risks at work (CopSoQ-ISTAS21)...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941634/applying-graphs-and-complex-networks-to-football-metric-interpretation
#6
E Arriaza-Ardiles, J M Martín-González, M D Zuniga, J Sánchez-Flores, Y de Saa, J M García-Manso
This work presents a methodology for analysing the interactions between players in a football team, from the point of view of graph theory and complex networks. We model the complex network of passing interactions between players of a same team in 32 official matches of the Liga de Fútbol Profesional (Spain), using a passing/reception graph. This methodology allows us to understand the play structure of the team, by analysing the offensive phases of game-play. We utilise two different strategies for characterising the contribution of the players to the team: the clustering coefficient, and centrality metrics (closeness and betweenness)...
February 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799427/quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-schizophrenia-patients-in-spain-caregiver-characteristics-caregiving-burden-family-functioning-and-social-and-professional-support
#7
José M Ribé, Manel Salamero, Carles Pérez-Testor, Josep Mercadal, Concepción Aguilera, Margarida Cleris
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers experience physical and mental stress that ends up lowering their quality of life (QoL). Our goal was to research (a) the level of caregivers QoL; (b) the relationships between the demographic characteristics of the caregivers, their caregiving burden, their family functioning, their social and professional support and their QoL and (c) the best predictors of caregivers QoL. METHODS: 100 key caregivers (70% parents, 8% spouses, 17% siblings and 5% children) were studied using the world health organization quality of life-Bref (WHOQOL-BREF) to research their QoL, the Zarit Scale to assess their perception of their caregiving burden, the Social Network Questionnaire to examine their social support, the Family APGAR to assess the satisfaction with social support from the family and a professional support scale (Escala de Apoyo Profesional) to determine the professional support received by caregivers was performed...
March 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763079/-medical-movement-in-mexico-to-50-years-open-file
#8
José Luis Sandoval-Gutiérrez
Gutiérrez-Samperio hace una excelente narrativa del movimiento denominado «blanco» hace medio siglo, encabezado por médicos y otros trabajadores de salud, principalmente enfermeras. Es importante revisar los logros y limitaciones que dicho fenómeno alcanzó. Por ejemplo, actualmente el residente que cursa una especialidad cuenta con un reconocimiento institucional, universitario y de profesiones al término de su formación, además de tener una beca económica (probablemente insuficiente) y días de vacaciones programados...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763066/-the-quality-of-a-scientific-publication-is-the-product-of-a-sum-of-efforts-and-attributes
#9
Francisco Espinosa-Larrañaga
Todo editor de una publicación médica científica busca que la revista que edita tenga o se reconozca con calidad. La calidad se logra mediante la participación de un conjunto de profesionales (editores, autores, revisores, impresores, diseñadores e incluso lectores) y los resultados de su participación profesional agregan, durante el proceso, propiedades con la finalidad de que el producto, una publicación médica científica, sea valorada por su calidad.
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699998/culture-bound-syndromes-in-migratory-contexts-the-case-of-bolivian-immigrants
#10
María Teresa Roldán-Chicano, José Fernández-Rufete, César Hueso-Montoro, María Del Mar García-López, Javier Rodríguez-Tello, María Dolores Flores-Bienert
Objective: to describe the culture-bound syndromes maintained by Bolivian immigrants in the new migratory context and analyze the care processes of these health problems. Method: qualitative research with an ethnographic methodological approach. Sample: 27 Bolivian immigrants. In-depth interviews and participatory observation were the strategies used for data collection. Data were classified and categorized into logical schemes manually and using the ATLAS-ti program v...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671180/-evaluation-of-the-notification-of-dysphonia-on-the-voice-profesionals-as-a-sentinel-event-in-navarra-period-2013-2015
#11
Sara Arrizabalaga Baigorri, Vega García López
OBJECTIVE: Among the lesions produced by the professional use of the voice since 2007, the Vocal Nodules (VN) are recognized in Spain as an Occupational Disease. With the aim of promoting its notification in Navarre, the Sentinel Program was incorporated in 2013 and, with this study, we seek to verify its efficacy. METHODS: The study population were voice professionals reported for dysphonia as sentinel events during the years 2013 to 2015 in Navarre. Its effectiveness was validated by the cumulative incidence of 100,000 workers for each of the years and Positive Predictive Value as an indicator of suspicion...
July 7, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591301/a-grounded-theory-study-of-the-intention-of-nurses-to-leave-the-profession
#12
Leyla Alilu, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Leila Valizadeh, Hosein Habibzadeh, Mark Gillespie
Objective: this study explores the process of the development of an intention to leave bedside nursing. Method: the process was studied from the perspective of 21 nurses using the grounded theory method. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and the constant comparative method of Corbin and Strauss was used for data analysis. Results: according to the participants, the two main categories, "social image of nursing", and "culture and structure of the bedside", were the contextual factors that influence why nurses are leaving bedside care provision...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591297/organization-of-professional-practices-against-intrafamily-violence-against-children-and-adolescents-in-the-institutional-context
#13
Gabriele Schek, Mara Regina Santos da Silva, Carl Lacharité, Maria Emília Nunes Bueno
Objective: to analyze based on the practitioners' discourse, the way they organize their practices confronting situations of intra-family violence against children and adolescents. Method: qualitative research carried out with 15 professionals who work in social and health services located in the southernmost of Brazil. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, performed at the participants' workplace. We used a theoretical matrix to analyze the data, based on Institutional Ethnography and the technique of discursive textual analysis...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301034/professional-nursing-practice-in-critical-units-assessment-of-work-environment-characteristics
#14
Luiz Felipe Sales Maurício, Meiry Fernanda Pinto Okuno, Cássia Regina Vancini Campanharo, Maria Carolina Barbosa Teixeira Lopes, Angélica Gonçalves Silva Belasco, Ruth Ester Assayag Batista
Objective: assess the autonomy, control over environment, and organizational support of nurses' work process and the relationships between physicians and nurses in critical care units. Method: cross-sectional study conducted with 162 nurses working in the intensive care units and emergency service of a university hospital. The workers' satisfaction with their work environment was assessed using Brazilian Nursing Work Index - Revised, translated and adapted for the Brazilian culture...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032876/assessment-of-evidence-and-quality-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-deterioration-of-skin-integrity-ulcers-and-chronic-wounds
#15
REVIEW
J M Rumbo-Prieto, M Romero-Martín, D Bellido-Guerrero, L Arantón-Areosa, C D Raña-Lama, F Palomar-Llatas
Background. The epidemiological, social, and economic situation that surrounds the deterioration of skin integrity is a big problem for the health system. Its prevention and treatment create uncertainty and professional variability and it remains a priority to have good clinical practice guidelines (CPG). The objective was to determine the quality of the CPG on prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers (PU), venous ulcers of the leg (VUL) and diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). Methodology. Systematic review of the quality of Spanish and international CPG on PU, VUL and DFU...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901222/workload-and-associated-factors-a-study-in-maritime-port-in-brazil
#16
Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz, Clarice Alves Bonow, Marlise Capa Verde de Almeida, Cynthia Fontella Sant'Anna, Leticia Silveira Cardoso
Objective: to identify the effect of the mental, physical, temporal, performance, total effort and frustration demands in the overall workload, and in the same way analyze the global burden of port labor and associated factors that contribute most to their decrease or increase. Method: a cross-sectional, quantitative study, developed with 232 dock workers. For data collection, a structured questionnaire with descriptive, occupational, smoking and illicit drug use variables was applied, as well as variables on the load on the tasks undertaken at work, based on the questionnaire NASA Task Load Index...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737378/home-delivery-medicament-program-access-inactivity-and-cardiovascular-risk
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Roque da Silva Araújo, Edna Apparecida Moura Arcuri, Victor Cauê Lopes
Objective: to verify causes of inactivity in the Home Delivery Medicament Program, as referred by users from a Primary Health Care Service in São Paulo, comparing them to the causes registered in the program and analyzing them in the theoretical model Concept of Access to Health. Methods: cross-sectional study, interviewing 111 inactive users; and documentary study in the program records. Results: half of the users did not know the condition of inactivity...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627123/interruptions-of-activities-experienced-by-nursing-professionals-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Daniele de Oliveira Prates, Ana Elisa Bauer de Camargo Silva
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the interruptions experienced by nursing professionals while undertaking care activities. METHOD: an observational study undertaken in two intensive care units. Two nurses observed 33 nursing professionals for three hours. The data were recorded in real time, using a semistructured instrument. RESULTS: after 99 hours of observation of 739 activities, it was identified that 46.82% were interrupted, resulting in 7.85 interruptions per hour...
September 9, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627120/tuberculosis-control-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#19
Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Lívia Maria Lopes, Rubia Laine de Paula Andrade, Maria Eugênia Firmino Brunello, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the offering of health actions and services for the control of tuberculosis for people living with HIV/AIDS being followed up in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. METHOD: quantitative, exploratory survey study. Participated 253 people living with HIV/AIDS followed up by this service, considering as inclusion criteria: individuals older than 18 years living in the city and not inmates. Data collection was conducted from January 2012 to May 2013 through interviews with the support of a specific instrument...
September 9, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579931/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-nursing-student-satisfaction-scale-for-use-with-brazilian-nursing-students
#20
Carolina Domingues Hirsch, Edison Luiz Devos Barlem, Jamila Geri Tomaschewski Barlem, Graziele de Lima Dalmolin, Liliane Alves Pereira, Amanda Guimarães Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Nursing Student Satisfaction Scale (NSSS) for use with nursing students in the Brazilian context. METHOD: this was a quantitative exploratory and descriptive study using a cross-sectional design conducted with 123 undergraduate nursing students studying at a public university in the south of Brazil. The cross-cultural adaptation was performed according to international guidelines. Validation for use in a Brazilian context was performed using factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha...
August 29, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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