keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

myosin light chain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046396/activation-of-rock-and-mlck-tunes-regional-stress-fiber-formation-and-mechanics-via-preferential-myosin-light-chain%C3%A2-phosphorylation
#1
Elena Kassianidou, Jasmine H Hughes, Sanjay Kumar
The assembly and mechanics of actomyosin stress fibers (SFs) depend on regulatory light chain (RLC) phosphorylation, which is driven by Myosin Light Chain Kinase (MLCK) and Rho-Associated Kinase (ROCK). While previous work suggests that MLCK and ROCK regulate distinct pools of cellular SFs, it remains unclear how these kinases differ in their regulation of RLC phosphorylation or how phosphorylation influences individual SF mechanics. Here, we combine genetic approaches with biophysical tools to explore relationships between kinase activity, RLC phosphorylation, SF localization, and SF mechanics...
October 18, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044715/bayesian-genome-wide-association-analysis-for-body-weight-in-farmed-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l
#2
G M Yoshida, J P Lhorente, R Carvalheiro, J M Yáñez
We performed a genome-wide association study to detect markers associated with growth traits in Atlantic salmon. The analyzed traits included body weight at tagging (BWT) and body weight at 25 months (BW25M). Genotypes of 4662 animals were imputed from the 50K SNP chip to the 200K SNP chip using fimpute software. The markers were simultaneously modeled using Bayes C to identify genomic regions associated with the traits. We identified windows explaining a maximum of 3.71% and 3.61% of the genetic variance for BWT and BW25M respectively...
October 17, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042668/signalling-mechanisms-in-paf-induced-intestinal-failure
#3
Ingmar Lautenschläger, Yuk Lung Wong, Jürgen Sarau, Torsten Goldmann, Karina Zitta, Martin Albrecht, Inéz Frerichs, Norbert Weiler, Stefan Uhlig
Capillary leakage syndrome, vasomotor disturbances and gut atony are common clinical problems in intensive care medicine. Various inflammatory mediators and signalling pathways are involved in these pathophysiological alterations among them platelet-activating factor (PAF). The related signalling mechanisms of the PAF-induced dysfunctions are only poorly understood. Here we used the model of the isolated perfused rat small intestine to analyse the role of calcium (using calcium deprivation, IP-receptor blockade (2-APB)), cAMP (PDE-inhibition plus AC activator), myosin light chain kinase (inhibitor ML-7) and Rho-kinase (inhibitor Y27632) in the following PAF-induced malfunctions: vasoconstriction, capillary and mucosal leakage, oedema formation, malabsorption and atony...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035879/advanced-glycation-end-products-impair-ca2-mobilization-and-sensitization-in-colonic-smooth-muscle-cells-via-the-camp-pka-pathway
#4
Ting Yu, Yun Wang, Dong Qian, Xiaomeng Sun, Yurong Tang, Xiaoxue Shen, Lin Lin
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Excessive production of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) has been implicated in diabetes-related complications. This study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which AGEs potentially contribute to diabetes-associated colonic dysmotility. METHODS: Control and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic groups were treated with aminoguanidine (AG). The colonic transit time and contractility of circular muscle strips was measured. ELISA, immunohistochemistry and western blotting were used to measure Nε-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) levels...
October 16, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035613/quercetin-induced-amp-activated-protein-kinase-activation-attenuates-vasoconstriction-through-lkb1-ampk-signaling-pathway
#5
Seul Gi Kim, Jae-Ryong Kim, Hyoung Chul Choi
The vascular tone plays an important role in blood pressure and flow. It is influenced by the contraction of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), which in turn is regulated by the balance between the myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) and the phosphorylated myosin light chain (p-MLC). Quercetin is a common flavonoid which is found in many fruits and red wine. Although quercetin has been widely reported to be involved in cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis in VSMCs, it has not yet been demonstrated whether quercetin is related to vasocontraction, a function regulated by the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028549/mta-promotes-chemotaxis-and-chemokinesis-of-immune-cells-through-distinct-calcium-sensing-receptor-signaling-pathways
#6
Fengjiao Chang, Jin Man Kim, Youngnim Choi, Kyungpyo Park
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has been introduced as a choice material for regenerative dentistry. To date, the diverse biological activities of MTA, including its anti-inflammatory effects, have been extensively discussed. However, there is limited insight into the link between MTA and immune cell migration. In this study, we report the role of MTA in enhancing both chemotactic and chemokinetic immune cell migration through distinct signaling pathways. By using versatile live imaging techniques, we demonstrated that MTA-mediated CaSR activation induced diverse downstream pathways to govern cell migratory capacity...
October 4, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024298/detailed-evidence-for-an-unparalleled-interaction-mode-between-calmodulin-and-orai-proteins
#7
Lukas Traxler, Petr Rathner, Marc Fahrner, Michael Stadlbauer, Felix Faschinger, Tatsiana Charnavets, Norbert Müller, Christoph Romanin, Peter Hinterdorfer, Hermann J Gruber
Calmodulin (CaM) binds most of its targets by wrapping around an amphipathic α-helix. The N-terminus of Orai proteins contains a conserved CaM-binding segment but the binding mechanism is only partially characterized. Here, microscale thermophoresis (MST), surface plasmon resonance (SPR), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were employed to study the binding equilibria, the kinetics, and the single-molecular interaction forces involved in the binding of CaM to the conserved helical segments of Orai1 and Orai3...
October 11, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021349/activation-of-autophagy-ameliorates-cardiomyopathy-in-mybpc3-targeted-knockin-mice
#8
Sonia R Singh, Antonia T L Zech, Birgit Geertz, Silke Reischmann-Düsener, Hanna Osinska, Maksymilian Prondzynski, Elisabeth Krämer, Qinghang Meng, Charles Redwood, Jolanda van der Velden, Jeffrey Robbins, Saskia Schlossarek, Lucie Carrier
BACKGROUND: Alterations in autophagy have been reported in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) caused by Danon disease, Vici syndrome, or LEOPARD syndrome, but not in HCM caused by mutations in genes encoding sarcomeric proteins, which account for most of HCM cases. MYBPC3, encoding cMyBP-C (cardiac myosin-binding protein C), is the most frequently mutated HCM gene. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated autophagy in patients with HCM carrying MYBPC3 mutations and in a Mybpc3-targeted knockin HCM mouse model, as well as the effect of autophagy modulators on the development of cardiomyopathy in knockin mice...
October 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990332/the-expression-and-functional-activities-of-smooth-muscle-myosin-and-non-muscle-myosin-isoforms-in-rat-prostate
#9
Ping Chen, Jing Yin, Yu-Ming Guo, He Xiao, Xing-Huan Wang, Michael E DiSanto, Xin-Hua Zhang
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is mainly caused by increased prostatic smooth muscle (SM) tone and volume. SM myosin (SMM) and non-muscle myosin (NMM) play important roles in mediating SM tone and cell proliferation, but these molecules have been less studied in the prostate. Rat prostate and cultured primary human prostate SM and epithelial cells were utilized. In vitro organ bath studies were performed to explore contractility of rat prostate. SMM isoforms, including SM myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms (SM1/2 and SM-A/B) and myosin light chain 17 isoforms (LC17a/b ), and isoform ratios were determined via competitive RT-PCR...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984468/tgf-%C3%AE-1-evokes-human-airway-smooth-muscle-cell-shortening-and-hyperresponsiveness-via-smad3
#10
Christie A Ojiaku, Gaoyuan Cao, Wanqu Zhu, Edwin J Yoo, Maya Shumyatcher, Blanca E Himes, Steven S An, Reynold A Panettieri
Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), a cytokine whose levels are elevated in the airways of patients with asthma, perpetuates airway inflammation and modulates airway structural cell remodeling. However, the role of TGF-β1 in excessive airway narrowing in asthma, or airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), remains unclear. In this study, we set out to investigate the direct effects of TGF-β1 on human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cell shortening and hyperresponsiveness. The dynamics of AHR and single-cell excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling were measured in human precision-cut lung slices (hPCLS) and in isolated HASM cells using supravital microscopy and magnetic twisting cytometry (MTC), respectively...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978649/reconstitution-of-the-core-of-the-malaria-parasite-glideosome-with-recombinant-plasmodium-class-xiv-myosin-a-and-plasmodium-actin
#11
Carol S Bookwalter, Chwen L Tay, Rama McCrorie, Michael J Previs, Hailong Lu, Elena B Krementsova, Patricia M Fagnant, Jake Baum, Kathleen M Trybus
Motility of the apicomplexan malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum is enabled by a multi-protein glideosome complex, whose core is the class XIV myosin motor, PfMyoA and a divergent Plasmodium actin (PfACT1). Parasite motility is necessary for host cell invasion and virulence, but studying its molecular basis has been hampered by unavailability of sufficient amounts of PfMyoA. Here, we expressed milligram quantities of functional full-length PfMyoA with the baculovirus/Sf9 cell expression system, which required a UCS (UNC-45/CRO1/She4p) family myosin chaperone from Plasmodium spp...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977036/a-novel-function-of-twins-b-subunit-of-protein-phosphatase-2a-in-regulating-actin-polymerization
#12
Po-An Yeh, Ching-Jin Chang
Actin is an important component of the cytoskeleton and its polymerization is delicately regulated by several kinases and phosphatases. Heterotrimeric protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a potent phosphatase that is crucial for cell proliferation, apoptosis, tumorigenesis, signal transduction, cytoskeleton arrangement, and neurodegeneration. To facilitate these varied functions, different regulators determine the different targets of PP2A. Among these regulators of PP2A, the B subunits in particular may be involved in cytoskeleton arrangement...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972141/dissecting-the-molecular-assembly-of-the-toxoplasma-gondii-myoa-motility-complex
#13
Cameron J Powell, Meredith L Jenkins, Michelle L Parker, Raghavendran Ramaswamy, Anne Kelsen, David M Warshaw, Gary E Ward, John E Burke, Martin J Boulanger
Apicomplexan parasites such as Toxoplasma gondii rely on a unique form of locomotion known as gliding motility. Generating the mechanical forces to support motility are divergent class XIV myosins (MyoA) coordinated by accessory proteins known as light chains. While the importance of the MyoA-light chain complex is well established, the detailed mechanisms governing its assembly and regulation are relatively unknown. To establish a molecular blueprint of this dynamic complex, we first mapped the adjacent binding sites of light chains MLC1 and ELC1 on the MyoA neck (residues 775-818) using a combination of hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC)...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969074/mir-19b-promotes-breast-cancer-metastasis-through-targeting-mylip-and-its-related-cell-adhesion-molecules
#14
Luqing Zhao, Yuelong Zhao, Yanong He, Yitao Mao
miR-19b is a key molecule for cancer development, however its crucial roles in breast cancer metastasis are rarely studied right now. In this study, using several bioinformatics databases to predict the downstream targets for miR-19b, we verified that a novel target gene, myosin regulatory light chain interacting protein (MYLIP), could be directly down-regulated by miR-19b through its 3'-UTR region. MYLIP belongs to the cytoskeletal protein clusters and is involved in the regulation of cell movement and migration...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962583/engineering-human-ventricular-heart-muscles-based-on-a-highly-efficient-system-for-purification-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-ventricular-cardiomyocytes
#15
Bin Li, Hui Yang, Xiaochen Wang, Yongkun Zhan, Wei Sheng, Huanhuan Cai, Haoyang Xin, Qianqian Liang, Ping Zhou, Chao Lu, Ruizhe Qian, Sifeng Chen, Pengyuan Yang, Jianyi Zhang, Weinian Shou, Guoying Huang, Ping Liang, Ning Sun
BACKGROUND: Most infarctions occur in the left anterior descending coronary artery and cause myocardium damage of the left ventricle. Although current pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) and directed cardiac differentiation techniques are able to generate fetal-like human cardiomyocytes, isolation of pure ventricular cardiomyocytes has been challenging. For repairing ventricular damage, we aimed to establish a highly efficient purification system to obtain homogeneous ventricular cardiomyocytes and prepare engineered human ventricular heart muscles in a dish...
September 29, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949796/rhoa-rhob-and-rhoc-differentially-regulate-endothelial-barrier-function
#16
Manon C A Pronk, Jan S M van Bezu, Geerten P van Nieuw Amerongen, Victor W M van Hinsbergh, Peter L Hordijk
RhoGTPases are known regulators of intracellular actin dynamics that are important for maintaining endothelial barrier function. RhoA is most extensively studied as a key regulator of endothelial barrier function, however the function of the 2 highly homologous family-members (> 88%) RhoB and RhoC in endothelial barrier function is still poorly understood. This study aimed to determine whether RhoA, RhoB and RhoC have overlapping or distinct roles in barrier function and permeability in resting and activated endothelium...
September 26, 2017: Small GTPases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949137/selective-excitation-of-cyanophenylalanine-fluorophores-for-multi-site-binding-studies
#17
Natalie R Fetto, Wenqiang Cao, Ian S Wallace, Matthew J Tucker
Recently, it has been shown that nitrile-derivatized phenylalanines possess distinct fluorescent properties depending on the position of the cyano-group within the aromatic ring. These fluorophores have potential as probes for studying protein dynamics due to their sensitivity to local environment. Herein, we demonstrate that 2-cyanophenylalanine (Phe2CN) and Phe4CN can independently monitor multiple sites during the Ca(2+) dependent binding of a skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) peptide fragment to the protein calmodulin (CaM)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944862/ing2-a-tumor-associated-gene-enhances-pai%C3%A2-1-and-hspa1a-expression-with-hdac1-and-msin3a-through-the-phd-domain-and-c%C3%A2-terminal
#18
Chiyo Ohkouchi, Kensuke Kumamoto, Motonobu Saito, Teruhide Ishigame, Shin-Ichi Suzuki, Seiichi Takenoshita, Cutis C Harris
Inhibitor of growth 2 (ING2) is involved in chromatin remodeling and it has previously been suggested that ING2 may regulate gene expression. The authors previously identified matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13) as a target gene of ING2 in colorectal cancer. The aim of the present study was to identify novel genes regulated by ING2 and histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and to clarify the biological significance of the ING2 structure. The present study generated the point mutant constructs of ING2 and deletion constructs consisting of partial ING2 to investigate the effect on gene expression and verify the interaction with HDAC1, mSin3A and sap30...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943852/metabolic-stress-induced-activation-of-ampk-and-inhibition-of-constitutive-phosphoproteins-controlling-smooth-muscle-contraction-evidence-for-smooth-muscle-fatigue
#19
Corey A Smith, Amy S Miner, Robert W Barbee, Paul H Ratz
Metabolic stress diminishes smooth muscle contractile strength by a poorly defined mechanism. To test the hypothesis that metabolic stress activates a compensatory cell signaling program to reversibly downregulate contraction, arterial rings and bladder muscle strips in vitro were deprived of O2 and glucose for 30 and 60 min ("starvation") to induce metabolic stress, and the phosphorylation status of proteins involved in regulation of contraction and metabolic stress were assessed in tissues under basal and stimulated conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930548/l-name-improves-doxycycline-and-ml-7-cardioprotection-from-oxidative-stress
#20
Iwona Bil-Lula, Anna Krzywonos-Zawadzka, Jolanta Sawicka, Dariusz Bialy, Magdalena Wawrzynska, Mieczyslaw Wozniak, Grzegorz Sawicki
Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) mediated degradation of myosin light chain 1 (MLC1) and troponin I (TnI) contributes to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Modifications of MLC1 triggered by oxidative stress are mediated by myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and MMP-2. Previous studies have shown that inhibiting both MLCK and MMP-2 protects against I/R injury. Here, we hypothesized that the addition of NOS inhibitor (L-NAME) at subprotective concentration to the mixture of subprotective concentrations of ML-7 and doxycycline (Doxy), will increase a synergistic cardioprotection of Doxy and ML-7 during I/R...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
keyword
keyword
73952
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"