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Migrant health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222807/validation-of-the-aging-perceptions-questionnaire-short-on-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-turkish-elderly-migrants
#1
Anne Slotman, Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: Aging perceptions have been found to be major contributors to health in old age. To quantitatively explore aging perceptions among elderly Turkish migrants, valid and reliable Turkish-language instruments are needed. The objective of the current study was to examine the construct validity and reliability of the Turkish-language version of the seven-dimension Aging Perceptions Questionnaire Short version (APQ-S) in a sample of community-dwelling elderly Turkish migrants in the Netherlands...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222736/implementing-guidelines-and-training-initiatives-to-improve-cross-cultural-communication-in-primary-care-consultations-a-qualitative-participatory-european-study
#2
E Teunissen, K Gravenhorst, C Dowrick, E Van Weel-Baumgarten, F Van den Driessen Mareeuw, T de Brún, N Burns, C Lionis, F S Mair, C O'Donnell, M O'Reilly-de Brún, M Papadakaki, A Saridaki, W Spiegel, C Van Weel, M Van den Muijsenbergh, A MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Cross-cultural communication in primary care is often difficult, leading to unsatisfactory, substandard care. Supportive evidence-based guidelines and training initiatives (G/TIs) exist to enhance cross cultural communication but their use in practice is sporadic. The objective of this paper is to elucidate how migrants and other stakeholders can adapt, introduce and evaluate such G/TIs in daily clinical practice. METHODS: We undertook linked qualitative case studies to implement G/TIs focused on enhancing cross cultural communication in primary care, in five European countries...
February 10, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220215/postpartum-depression-risk-factors-among-recent-refugee-asylum-seeking-non-refugee-immigrant-and-canadian-born-women-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Lisa Merry, Anita J Gagnon
PURPOSE: The objective was to examine and compare risk factors for postpartum depression among: (1) recent (≤5 years) migrant and Canadian-born women, and (2) refugee, asylum-seeking, and non-refugee immigrant women. METHODS: A sample of 1536 women (1024 migrant and 512 Canadian-born) were recruited from 12 hospitals. Women completed questionnaires at 1-2 and 16 weeks postpartum including questions on socio-demographics, biomedical history, health services, and migration and resettlement factors...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220213/labour-market-marginalisation-subsequent-to-suicide-attempt-in-young-migrants-and-native-swedes
#4
T Niederkrotenthaler, M Wang, M Helgesson, H Wilcox, M Gould, E Mittendorfer-Rutz
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare young individuals who differed in terms of birth region and history of suicide attempt regarding socio-demographic and healthcare factors, and with regard to their risks of subsequent unemployment, sickness absence and disability pension. METHODS: Prospective cohort study based on register linkage of 2,801,558 Swedish residents, aged 16-40 years in 2004, without disability pension and with known birth country, followed up 2005-2011...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219385/language-support-for-linguistic-minority-chronic-hepatitis-b-c-patients-an-exploratory-study-of-availability-and-clinicians-perceptions-of-language-barriers-in-six-european-countries
#5
Abby M Falla, Irene K Veldhuijzen, Amena A Ahmad, Miriam Levi, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Language support for linguistic minorities can improve patient safety, clinical outcomes and the quality of health care. Most chronic hepatitis B/C infections in Europe are detected among people born in endemic countries mostly in Africa, Asia and Central/Eastern Europe, groups that may experience language barriers when accessing health care services in their host countries. We investigated availability of interpreters and translated materials for linguistic minority hepatitis B/C patients...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219374/the-right-to-health-of-non-nationals-and-displaced-persons-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-era-challenges-for-equity-in-universal-health-care
#6
EDITORIAL
Claire E Brolan, Lisa Forman, Stéphanie Dagron, Rachel Hammonds, Attiya Waris, Lyla Latif, Ana Lorena Ruano
INTRODUCTION: Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), United Nations (UN) Member States reported progress on the targets toward their general citizenry. This focus repeatedly excluded marginalized ethnic and linguistic minorities, including people of refugee backgrounds and other vulnerable non-nationals that resided within a States' borders. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to be truly transformative by being made operational in all countries, and applied to all, nationals and non-nationals alike...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218688/determinants-of-health-care-services-utilization-among-first-generation-afghan-migrants-in-istanbul
#7
Qais Alemi, Carl Stempel, Patrick Marius Koga, Valerie Smith, Didem Danis, Kelly Baek, Susanne Montgomery
There is insufficient empirical evidence on the correlates of health care utilization of irregular migrants currently living in Turkey. The aim of this study was to identify individual level determinants associated with health service and medication use. One hundred and fifty-five Afghans completed surveys assessing service utilization including encounters with primary care physicians and outpatient specialists in addition to the use of prescription and nonprescription medicines. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed to examine associations between service use and a range of predisposing, enabling, and perceived need factors...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218582/primary-care-for-underserved-populations-navigating-policy-to-incorporate-occupational-therapy-into-federally-qualified-health-centers
#8
Aileen D Murphy, Vanessa M Griffith, Tracy M Mroz, Tracy L Jirikowic
Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) provide low- or no-cost primary care to medically underserved populations such as homeless or low-income people, migrant workers, and members of marginalized cultural groups. Occupational therapy services have the potential to help improve the health and functioning of FQHC patients. Using a FQHC serving American Indian/Alaska Native populations as a case example, we describe how occupational therapy is well suited to help meet the needs of medically underserved populations...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210508/scoping-review-on-maternal-health-among-immigrant-and-refugee-women-in-canada-prenatal-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care
#9
REVIEW
N Khanlou, N Haque, A Skinner, A Mantini, C Kurtz Landy
The last fifteen years have seen a dramatic increase in both the childbearing age and diversity of women migrating to Canada. The resulting health impact underscores the need to explore access to health services and the related maternal health outcome. This article reports on the results of a scoping review focused on migrant maternal health within the context of accessible and effective health services during pregnancy and following delivery. One hundred and twenty-six articles published between 2000 and 2016 that met our inclusion criteria and related to this group of migrant women, with pregnancy/motherhood status, who were living in Canada, were identified...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203332/status-and-determinants-of-motor-impairment-in-preschool-children-from-migrant-families-in-china
#10
Hua Jin, Jing Hua, Jianqiang Shen, Lijuan Feng, Guixiong Gu
BACKGROUND: Although poor health conditions and decreased developmental levels have been investigated in migrant children, no study in China has focused on these children's individual motor development. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the prevalence of motor impairment in Chinese migrant children and to determine the contributory factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a structured questionnaire was administered to primary caregivers of preschool children aged 3 - 6 (n = 2,976) in ten kindergartens from two districts of Suzhou, China, to assess the children's home socioeconomic status and motor environment, that is, the presence of affordances for motor development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202340/association-between-sociodemographic-psychosocial-lifestyle-factors-and-self-reported-health-among-migrant-laborers-in-china
#11
Cheng-Cheng Li, Xue-Hui Meng, Jing-Ru Wang, Hong-Jun Ma, Chun Chen, Yuan-Qing Liu
BACKGROUND: There were 245 million migrants in China in 2013, the majority of whom migrated from rural to urban areas. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association between sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors, and self-reported health (SRH) in Chinese migrant laborers. METHODS: This study was conducted based on data from the China Labor-force Dynamics Survey 2012. SRH was measured in a single item, although there were other risk factors from three different groups: sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196129/encouraging-understanding-or-increasing-prejudices-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-institutional-influence-on-health-personnel-attitudes-about-refugee-claimants-access-to-health-care
#12
Cécile Rousseau, Youssef Oulhote, Mónica Ruiz-Casares, Janet Cleveland, Christina Greenaway
BACKGROUND: This paper investigates the personal, professional and institutional predictors of health institution personnel's attitudes regarding access to healthcare for refugee claimants in Canada. METHODS: In Montreal, the staff of five hospitals and two primary care centres (n = 1772) completed an online questionnaire documenting demographics, occupation, exposure to refugee claimant patients, and attitudes regarding healthcare access for refugee claimants. We used structural equations modeling to investigate the associations between professional and institutional factors with latent functions of positive and negative attitudes toward refugee's access to healthcare...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193385/evolving-migrant-crisis-in-europe-implications-for-health-systems
#13
Manuel Carballo, Sally Hargreaves, Ina Gudumac, Elizabeth Catherine Maclean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193186/afghan-migrants-face-more-suboptimal-care-than-natives-a-maternal-near-miss-audit-study-at-university-hospitals-in-tehran-iran
#14
Soheila Mohammadi, Soraya Saleh Gargari, Masoumeh Fallahian, Carina Källestål, Shirin Ziaei, Birgitta Essén
BACKGROUND: Women from low-income settings have higher risk of maternal near miss (MNM) and suboptimal care than natives in high-income countries. Iran is the second largest host country for Afghan refugees in the world. Our aim was to investigate whether care quality for MNM differed between Iranians and Afghans and identify potential preventable attributes of MNM. METHODS: An MNM audit study was conducted from 2012 to 2014 at three university hospitals in Tehran...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187741/virility-pleasure-and-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-a-qualitative-study-of-perceptions-and-experiences-of-medicalized-defibulation-among-somali-and-sudanese-migrants-in-norway
#15
R Elise B Johansen
BACKGROUND: The most pervasive form of female genital mutilation/cutting-infibulation-involves the almost complete closure of the vaginal orifice by cutting and closing the labia to create a skin seal. A small opening remains for the passage of urine and menstrual blood. This physical closure has to be re-opened-defibulated-later in life. When they marry, a partial opening is made to enable sexual intercourse. The husband commonly uses his penis to create this opening. In some settings, a circumciser or traditional midwife opens the infibulated scar with a knife or razor blade...
February 10, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183281/assessing-the-risk-for-suicide-in-schizophrenia-according-to-migration-ethnicity-and-geographical-ancestry
#16
Nuwan C Hettige, Ali Bani-Fatemi, James L Kennedy, Vincenzo De Luca
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality among those afflicted by schizophrenia. Previous studies demonstrated that the stressors associated with immigration may lead to an onset of schizophrenia and suicide separately in susceptible individuals. However, no studies have shown whether immigration may lead to suicidal behaviour for individuals with schizophrenia. Our study proposes that an individual's geographical ancestry, ethnicity or migration status may be predictive of suicide risk in schizophrenia...
February 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181904/hepatitis-a-among-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-migrants-living-in-hosting-facilities-greece-april-to-december-2016
#17
Kassiani Mellou, Anthi Chrisostomou, Theologia Sideroglou, Theano Georgakopoulou, Maria Kyritsi, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Sotirios Tsiodras
An increased number of hepatitis A cases among refugees, asylum seekers and migrants residing in hosting facilities in Greece were recorded between April and December 2016. In total, 177 laboratory-confirmed symptomatic cases were reported; of these, 149 (84%) occurred in hosting camps mostly among Syrian children under 15 years. All cases reported symptom onset after their entry into the country. Public health interventions focused on hygiene measures and vaccination.
January 26, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178991/an-ethnographic-study-of-salt-use-and-humoral-concepts-in-a-latino-farm-worker-community-in-california-s-central-valley
#18
Judith C Barker, Claudia Guerra, M Judy Gonzalez-Vargas, Kristin S Hoeft
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the use of domestic or table salt for its perceived health effects and healing properties in a Latino farmworker community. It explores how contemporary salt usage beliefs can be seen to have roots in long-standing humoral theories of medicine and health. METHODS: This qualitative investigation comprised 30 in-depth individual interviews and five focus groups conducted in Spanish with Mexican and Central American immigrants in one small city in California's Central Valley (N = 61 total participants)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176186/ethnic-inequalities-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-hospitalization-rates-among-young-and-middle-aged-adults-in-northern-italy-high-risk-for-south-asians
#19
Ugo Fedeli, Laura Cestari, Eliana Ferroni, Francesco Avossa, Mario Saugo, Pietro Amedeo Modesti
The knowledge of ethnic-specific health needs is now essential to design effective health services and population-based prevention strategies. However, data on migrant populations living in Southern Europe are limited. The study is designed to investigate ethnic inequalities in hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the Veneto region (Italy). Hospital admissions for AMI in Veneto for the whole resident population aged 20-59 years during 2008-2013 were studied. Age and gender-specific AMI hospitalization rates for immigrant groups (classified by country of origin according to the United Nations geoscheme) and Italians were calculated...
February 7, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165878/vaccinations-in-migrants-and-refugees-a-challenge-for-european-health-systems-a-systematic-review-of-current-scientific-evidence
#20
Daniele Mipatrini, Paola Stefanelli, Santino Severoni, Giovanni Rezza
The decline of immunization rates in countries of origin of migrants and refugees, along with risky conditions during the journey to Europe, may threaten migrants' health. We performed a systematic review of the scientific literature in order to assess the frequency of vaccine preventable diseases, and vaccination coverage among migrants and refugees in Europe. To this end, Medline and Cochrane databases were considered. After the screening and the selection process, 58 papers were included in the review. We focused on the following vaccine-preventable diseases: hepatitis B, measles, rubella, mumps, tetanus, poliomyelitis, pertussis, diphtheria, meningitis, and varicella...
February 6, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
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