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Migrant health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#1
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782542/validation-of-the-refugee-health-screener-15-for-the-assessment-of-perinatal-depression-among-karen-and-burmese-women-on-the-thai-myanmar-border
#2
Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Mina Fazel, Prakaykaew Charunwattana, François Nosten, Raymond Fitzpatrick, Julie A Simpson, Rose McGready
Perinatal depression is common, and left untreated can have significant and long-lasting consequences for women, their children and their families. Migrant women are at particular risk of perinatal depression as a result of a multitude of stressors experienced before, during and after migration. Identification of perinatal depression among migrant women-particularly those living in low- and middle-income regions-remains challenging, partly due to the lack of locally-validated and culturally appropriate screens tools...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779917/antimicrobial-resistance-among-migrants-in-europe-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Laura B Nellums, Hayley Thompson, Alison Holmes, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Jonathan A Otter, Marie Norredam, Jon S Friedland, Sally Hargreaves
BACKGROUND: Rates of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) are rising globally and there is concern that increased migration is contributing to the burden of antibiotic resistance in Europe. However, the effect of migration on the burden of AMR in Europe has not yet been comprehensively examined. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify and synthesise data for AMR carriage or infection in migrants to Europe to examine differences in patterns of AMR across migrant groups and in different settings...
May 17, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779491/trypanosoma-brucei-rhodesiense-infection-in-a-chinese-traveler-returning-from-the-serengeti-national-park-in-tanzania
#4
Qin Liu, Xiao-Ling Chen, Mu-Xin Chen, Han-Guo Xie, Qing Liu, Zhu-Yun Chen, Yao-Ying Lin, Hua Zheng, Jia-Xu Chen, Yi Zhang, Xiao-Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is one of the most complex parasitic diseases known to humankind. It usually occurs in endemic areas in Africa, but is occasionally detected in returning travelers and migrants in non-endemic countries. CASE PRESENTATION: In August 2017, a case of HAT was diagnosed in China in a traveler returning from the Masai Mara area in Kenya and the Serengeti area in Tanzania. The traveler visited Africa from 23 July to 5 August, 2017...
May 21, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778396/how-effective-are-approaches-to-migrant-screening-for-infectious-diseases-in-europe-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Farah Seedat, Sally Hargreaves, Laura B Nellums, Jing Ouyang, Michael Brown, Jon S Friedland
Rates of migration to Europe, and within Europe, have increased in recent years, with considerable implications for health systems. Migrants in Europe face a disproportionate burden of tuberculosis, HIV, and hepatitis B and C, yet experience a large number of barriers to accessing statutory health care on arrival. A better understanding of how to deliver effective and cost-effective screening, vaccination, and health services to this group is now crucial. We did a systematic review to document and assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of approaches used for infectious diseases screening, and to explore facilitators and barriers experienced by migrants to accessing screening programmes...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773697/which-anthropometric-measures-best-indicate-type-2-diabetes-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-migrants-in-finland-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Natalia Skogberg, Tiina Laatikainen, Annamari Lundqvist, Eero Lilja, Tommi Härkänen, Päivikki Koponen
OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) in detecting type 2 diabetes among Russian, Somali and Kurdish (born in Iraq/Iran) origin migrants and Finns. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study comparing health examination survey data of Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants (n=917) aged 30-64 years who took part in the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Survey with the general Finnish population in the Health 2011 Survey (n=887)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772813/the-rights-of-children-on-the-move-and-the-budapest-declaration
#7
Charles Oberg
It has been estimated that more than 50,000,000 children and youth have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced within their own country. They consist of refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons (IDP), economic migrants, and exploited trafficked children. They are virtually "stateless", children deprived of the protective structures of state and family that they need and deserve and unrecognized by either their country of origin or the international community. This opinion piece starts with the personal reflections of its author on his recent work in Middle East refugee camps...
May 17, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769091/use-of-health-services-among-international-migrant-children-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Niina Markkula, Baltica Cabieses, Venla Lehti, Eleonora Uphoff, Sofia Astorga, Francisca Stutzin
BACKGROUND: Migrant children have specific health needs, and may face difficulties in accessing health care, but not enough is known about their health service use. This study aims to describe patterns of use of health services of international migrant children and differences to respective native populations. METHODS: Electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science, references of identified publications, and websites of relevant international agencies were searched...
May 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768459/use-of-modern-contraceptive-methods-and-its-association-with-qol-among-nepalese-female-migrants-living-in-japan
#9
Richa Shah, Junko Kiriya, Akira Shibanuma, Masamine Jimba
INTRODUCTION: Modern contraceptive use among migrants may be limited due to factors such as language barriers, socio-economic condition, and inadequate knowledge. Limited evidence is available on the factors associated with the use of modern contraceptive methods by migrants in Japan. Moreover, evidence remains scarce on the quality of life (QOL) of migrants in relation to contraceptive use. As the Nepalese migrant population in Japan is increasing, this study was conducted to address their sexual and reproductive health issues...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767840/ethnicity-migration-status-and-dental-caries-experience-among-adults-in-east-london
#10
Elsa K Delgado-Angulo, Wagner Marcenes, Seeromanie Harding, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the interrelationship between ethnicity, migration status and dental caries experience among adults in East London. METHODS: We analysed data from 1910 adults (16-65 years) representing 9 ethnic groups, who took part in a community-based health survey in East London. Participants completed a supervised questionnaire and were clinically examined by trained dentists. Dental caries was assessed with the number of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT)...
May 16, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764425/mobility-patterns-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-internal-migrant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-national-monitoring-survey
#11
Ying Ji, Xiaoping Zhao, Zhili Wang, Shenglan Liu, Yang Shen, Chun Chang
BACKGROUND: Residential instability during pregnancy has been linked to poor health outcomes. As a first step toward providing better health care to pregnant migrant women, the size and characteristics of this population and factors associated with mobility during pregnancy should be studied. METHODS: Using the "Monitoring Data of Chinese Migrants" for 2012, from the Chinese National Population and Family Planning Commission, this study explored mobility patterns during pregnancy and associated factors among migrants within China...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764402/association-between-induced-abortion-and-suicidal-ideation-among-unmarried-female-migrant-workers-in-three-metropolitan-cities-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Mengyun Luo, Xueqin Jiang, Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Qiuming Shen, Rui Li, Yong Cai
BACKGROUND: Despite reports of mental health issues, suicidality has not been closely examined among the migrant population. The association between induced abortion and suicidal ideation is unknown among unmarried female migrant workers of reproductive age in China. This study aims to examine induced abortion and suicidality among the Chinese migrant population. METHODS: We recruited 5115 unmarried female migrant workers during 2015 to 2016 from Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou, and collected demographic, psychosocial, reproductive and mental health information using structured questionnaires...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764296/-medicine-doesn-t-cure-my-worries-understanding-the-drivers-of-mental-distress-in-older-nepalese-women-living-in-the-uk
#13
Lalita Kumari Sah, Rochelle Ann Burgess, Rajeeb Kumar Sah
The mental health of migrant communities is an important public health concern. A growing body of literature suggests that social and cultural determinants of health significantly contribute to the mental health and wellbeing of older migrants in their host countries. Despite the increasing population of older Nepalese migrants in the UK, there is little research exploring the mental health needs of this community. This article explores older Nepalese women's experiences of drivers of mental distress in London...
May 15, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759423/hepatitis-c-prevalence-among-the-immigrant-population-in-spain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jeffrey V Lazarus, Daniel J Bromberg, Julia Del Amo, Ole Norgaard, Javier García-Samaniego, Aina Casellas, José Luis Calleja, Ana Requena-Méndez
INTRODUCTION: Spain, which has one of the largest immigrant populations in Europe, has committed to eliminating the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HCV among migrant groups in Spain, a country of 46 million people, with an estimated HCV-antibody prevalence of 1.7%. METHODS: Studies on HCV and migration in Spain were identified by systematically searching three databases from the first records to 30 November 2017, and consulting experts at the Ministry of Health and in the 17 Spanish autonomous communities...
May 11, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757209/immunization-offer-targeting-migrants-policies-and-practices-in-italy
#15
Teresa Dalla Zuanna, Martina Del Manso, Cristina Giambi, Flavia Riccardo, Antonino Bella, Maria Grazia Caporali, Maria Grazia Dente, Silvia Declich
The unprecedented flow of migrants over the last three years places Italy in front of new issues regarding medical care from the rescue phase up to the integration into the national health services, including preventive actions. We used online questionnaires to investigate the Italian national and regional policies for immunization offer targeting asylum seekers, refugees, irregular migrants and unaccompanied minors. Another questionnaire was used to assess how these policies are translated into practice in migrant reception centres and community health services...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754678/-when-the-healthcare-user-displays-racist-behaviour
#16
Marguerite Cognet, Patricia Carlier, Camille Foubert
The staff working in health and medical-social services are a reflection of French society. Many of the employees of these services are migrants, from French overseas departments, whose descendants are particularly high in number in the Île-de-France region. Users of the services, from the 'white' majority group can display racist attitudes.
May 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744933/internal-migrants-experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-frontline-health-workers-a-nationwide-study-in-13-indian-cities
#17
Bontha V Babu, Yogita Sharma, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Muthusamy Sivakami, Dharmesh K Lal, Palaniappan Marimuthu, Jagjeevan B Geddam, Anoop Khanna, Monika Agarwal, Godi Sudhakar, Paramita Sengupta, Anjali Borhade, Zulfia Khan, Anna S Kerketta, Akoijam Brogen
The role of frontline health workers is crucial in strengthening primary health care in India. This paper reports on the extent of services provided by frontline health workers in migrants' experiences and perceptions of these services in 13 Indian cities. Cluster random sampling was used to sample 51 055 households for a quantitative survey through interviewer-administered questionnaires. Information was sought on the receipt of health workers' services for general health care overall (from the head/other adult member of the household) and maternal and immunization services in particular (from mothers of children <2 years old)...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743084/assessing-reported-cases-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-causes-and-preventive-strategies-in-european-asylum-reception-facilities
#18
Charlotte Oliveira, Ines Keygnaert, Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins, Sónia Dias
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is a widespread public health problem and a violation of human rights rooted in gender and power inequities. Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants living in European asylum reception facilities (EARF) are especially vulnerable to SGBV. To contribute to closing the gap on systematic and accurate evidence on SGBV, we aim to explore reported cases of SGBV, causes and preventable measures described by residents and professionals from EARF...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#19
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739357/serological-evaluation-for-chagas-disease-in-migrants-from-latin-american-countries-resident-in-rome-italy
#20
Stefania Pane, Maria Letizia Giancola, Pierluca Piselli, Angela Corpolongo, Ernestina Repetto, Rita Bellagamba, Claudia Cimaglia, Stefania Carrara, Piero Ghirga, Alessandra Oliva, Nazario Bevilacqua, Ahmad Al Rousan, Carla Nisii, Giuseppe Ippolito, Emanuele Nicastri
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD) is a systemic parasitic infection caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, whose chronic phase may lead to cardiac and intestinal disorders. Endemic in Latin America where it is transmitted mainly by vectors, large-scale migrations to other countries have turned CD into a global health problem because of its alternative transmission routes through blood transfusion, tissue transplantation, or congenital. Aim of this study was to compare the performance of two commercially available tests for serological diagnosis of CD in a group of Latin American migrants living in a non-endemic setting (Rome, Italy)...
May 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
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