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Migrant health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331968/association-between-health-service-utilisation-of-internal-migrant-children-and-parents-acculturation-in-guangdong-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Bo-Li Peng, Guan-Yang Zou, Wen Chen, Yan-Wei Lin, Li Ling
OBJECTIVES: To assess the health service utilisation of internal migrant children in Guangdong, China, and to explore the association between children's health service utilisation and their parents' acculturation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey between April and May 2016. SETTING: Six society-run schools of Tianhe and Baiyun districts in Guangzhou City of China. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited all students at grade 7 or 8 and one of their parents who resided in Guangzhou over 6 months without permanent registered residence (hukou) in Guangzhou (1161 pairs completed this survey)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330696/migrant-live-in-caregivers-mental-health-in-canada
#2
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Aisha Lofters
Empirical evidence suggests rapid health decline among temporary migrant workers but there is limited knowledge about their mental health. This study explored live-in care givers' (LCs) mental health and its determinants. Using a mixed methods design, a purposeful sample of 30 LCs was recruited. Data were collected through a selfcompleted questionnaire. A third of participants reported their mental health as poor or fair. Almost half experienced major depression. The poor mental health was associated with the average working hours and living accommodation...
January 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330310/social-determinants-of-community-level-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-coverage-in-a-school-based-vaccination-programme
#3
Stephen Jean, Malak Elshafei, Alison Buttenheim
OBJECTIVE: To assess social patterns in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage in a school-based, government-funded vaccination programme located within a single-payer universal healthcare system. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of HPV vaccine uptake data for the 2013-2014 school year for 131 local authorities in England, and then evaluated the association between vaccine uptake and socioeconomic status at the aggregate level. DATA SOURCES: HPV vaccination coverage data from Public Health England's vaccine uptake guidance and the UK's March 2011 Census...
January 12, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329065/factors-associated-with-depression-among-homeless-mothers-results-of-the-enfams-survey
#4
M Roze, S Vandentorren, J Van-Der-Waerden, M Melchior
PURPOSE: Women are disproportionately likely to suffer from depression. This is especially true for those who experience socioeconomic hardship, such as homelessness. In France, among homeless mothers many are migrant. However, it is not clear whether risk factors associated with depression are specific for this group or the same as in the general population. Our objective was to describe socio-demographic, relational, living and housing conditions and health factors associated with depression among homeless mothers...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328511/stigma-and-unmet-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-among-international-migrant-sex-workers-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#5
Teresita Rocha-Jiménez, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Carmen Fernández-Casanueva, Kimberly Brouwer, Shira M Goldenberg
OBJECTIVE: To explore international migrant sex workers' experiences and narratives pertaining to the unmet need for and access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) at the Mexico-Guatemala border. METHODS: An inductive qualitative analysis was conducted based on ethnographic fieldwork (2012-2015) including participant observation and audio-recorded in-depth interviews. The participants were female sex workers aged 18 years or older and international migrants working at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327442/transplantation-or-rurality-migration-and-hiv-risk-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-urban-areas
#6
Chuncheng Liu, Rong Fu, Weiming Tang, Bolin Cao, Stephen W Pan, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker, M Kumi Smith
INTRODUCTION: Migration of men who have sex with men (MSM) from rural to urban areas is common across low- and middle-income countries and is widely believed to contribute to elevated HIV risk among migrant MSM in urban areas. Little consensus exists on whether their risk is due to their transplantation or their being from resource-constrained rural areas. This study seeks to clarify the relationship between migration and HIV risks by comparing differences in HIV-related risky sexual behaviours and healthcare utilization across competing conceptualizations of migratory statuses...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325097/barriers-to-health-care-services-for-migrants-living-with-hiv-in-spain
#7
Patricia Ndumbi, J Del Romero, F Pulido, M Velasco Arribas, F Dronda, J Ramón Blanco Ramos, P García de Olalla, I Ocaña, J Belda-Ibañez, J Del Amo, D Álvarez-Del Arco
Background: In Spain, migrants are disproportionately affected by HIV and experience high rates of late diagnosis. We investigated barriers to health care access among migrants living with HIV (MLWH) in Spain. Methods: Cross sectional electronic survey of 765 adult HIV-positive migrants recruited within 18 health care settings between July 2013 and July 2015. We collected epidemiological, demographic, behavioral and clinical data. We estimated the prevalence and risk factors of self-reported barriers to health care using multivariable logistic regression...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323834/%C3%A2-venga-y-rel%C3%A3-jese-pilot-stress-reduction-program-for-migrant-latina-women-living-in-low-resource-settings-from-milwaukee-to-lima
#8
Elizabeth S Abbs, Maebe Brown, Melissa Lemke, Lauren Bauer, Steve Ohly, Cynthia Haq
Latina women living in low-income communities frequently report a high prevalence of feeling physically and/or emotionally "unwell." Formative focus groups were used to design a 3-session stress reduction curriculum called ¡Venga y Relájese! (Come and relax yourself!). Survey data from 5 Milwaukee cohorts and 1 Peruvian cohort revealed statistically significant improvements in general health status, perceived stress status, and confidence to manage future stress among women who completed all sessions (n=54)...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321012/adaptation-of-child-oral-health-education-leaflets-for-arabic-migrants-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#9
Amit Arora, Ibrahim Al-Salti, Hussam Murad, Quang Tran, Rhonda Itaoui, Sameer Bhole, Shilpi Ajwani, Charlotte Jones, Narendar Manohar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding of Arabic-speaking mothers views on the usefulness of existing oral health education leaflets aimed at young children and also to record their views on the tailored versions of these leaflets. METHODS: This qualitative study was nested within a large ongoing birth cohort study in South Western Sydney, Australia. Arabic-speaking mothers (n = 19) with young children were purposively selected and approached for a semi-structured interview...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320464/sti-knowledge-in-berlin-adolescents
#10
Frederik Tilmann von Rosen, Antonella Juline von Rosen, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, Inken Damberg, Peter Tinnemann
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) pose a significant threat to individual and public health. They disproportionately affect adolescents and young adults. In a cross-sectional study, we assessed self-rated and factual STI knowledge in a sample of 9th graders in 13 secondary schools in Berlin, Germany. Differences by age, gender, migrant background, and school type were quantified using bivariate and multivariable analyses. A total of 1177 students in 61 classes participated. The mean age was 14.6 (SD = 0...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306349/creating-a-hostile-environment-for-migrants-the-british-government-s-use-of-health-service-data-to-restrict-immigration-is-a-very-bad-idea
#11
Lucinda Hiam, Sarah Steele, Martin McKee
In January 2017, the UK Government made public a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Department of Health, National Health Service (NHS) Digital and the Home Office. This Memorandum allows for the more expedited sharing of a patient's non-clinical data, specifically from the NHS England to the Home Office. The Government justified the MoU as in the 'public interest to support effective immigration enforcement'. In this review, we seek to unpack this justification by providing, first, a background to the MoU, placing it in the context of creating a 'hostile environment' for migrants - a project initially sought by Theresa May in her time as Home Secretary...
January 8, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305460/delays-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-bone-and-joint-tuberculosis-in-the-united-kingdom
#12
C Broderick, S Hopkins, D J F Mack, W Aston, R Pollock, J A Skinner, S Warren
AIMS: Tuberculosis (TB) infection of bones and joints accounts for 6.7% of TB cases in England, and is associated with significant morbidity and disability. Public Health England reports that patients with TB experience delays in diagnosis and treatment. Our aims were to determine the demographics, presentation and investigation of patients with a TB infection of bones and joints, to help doctors assessing potential cases and to identify avoidable delays. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study of all adults with positive TB cultures on specimens taken at a tertiary orthopaedic centre between June 2012 and May 2014...
January 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304164/influence-of-peer-support-on-hiv-sti-prevention-and-safety-amongst-international-migrant-sex-workers-a-qualitative-study-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#13
Belen Febres-Cordero, Kimberly C Brouwer, Teresita Rocha-Jimenez, Carmen Fernandez-Casanueva, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Shira M Goldenberg
BACKGROUND: Migrant women engaged in precarious employment, such as sex work, frequently face pronounced social isolation alongside other barriers to health and human rights. Although peer support has been identified as a critical HIV and violence prevention intervention for sex workers, little is known about access to peer support or its role in shaping health and social outcomes for migrant sex workers. This article analyses the role of peer support in shaping vulnerability and resilience related to HIV/STI prevention and violence among international migrant sex workers at the Mexico-Guatemala border...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302164/doubling-syndemics-ethnographic-accounts-of-the-health-situation-of-homeless-romanian-roma-in-copenhagen
#14
Camilla Ida Ravnbøl
This study investigates health concerns and access to health services for Roma from Romania who live in homelessness in Copenhagen, Denmark. They collect refundable bottles and call themselves "badocari," which in Romanian refers to "people who work with bottles." Homeless Roma in Denmark have not previously been studied through ethnographic research. The study stresses the importance of a syndemic approach towards understanding badocari health concerns. Syndemics is understood as co-occurring diseases, which unfold within contexts of social injustice...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302162/securing-a-right-to-health-integration-villages-and-medical-citizenship-of-roma-people-in-france
#15
Daniel Manson
A national deportation campaign targeting Romanian Roma in France has recently drawn international criticism from human rights organizations and the European Union. In this context, some French municipalities have created villages d'insertion-integration villages-for some of their Roma residents. Proponents of these spaces have declared that they are humanitarian solutions to the existence of Roma slums in the urban peripheries of many French cities. Yet the creation of a "healthy space" for Roma migrants in the city has also legitimated the further eviction and exclusion of people from "unhealthy slums...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301536/the-health-impacts-of-climate-related-migration
#16
Patricia Schwerdtle, Kathryn Bowen, Celia McMichael
BACKGROUND: Changes in climate, in conjunction with other drivers of mobility, shape human migration. While there is an increasing focus on the adaptive potential of migration, the health impacts of climate-related migration, including planned relocation and forced displacement, have not been thoroughly examined. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stated that migration is currently, and will increasingly be, influenced by environmental degradation and climate change, and that it needs to be addressed in a focused and coordinated manner...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288179/association-of-individual-and-neighbourhood-socioeconomic-status-with-physical-activity-and-screen-time-in-seventh-grade-boys-and-girls-in-berlin-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Lilian Krist, Christin Bürger, Nanette Ströbele-Benschop, Stephanie Roll, Fabian Lotz, Nina Rieckmann, Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Stefan N Willich, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have explored the impact of neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES) on health behaviours in youths in Germany. Our aim was to investigate the association of individual and neighbourhood SES with physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) in students aged 12-13 years in Berlin. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Secondary schools (high schools and integrated secondary schools) in Berlin, Germany. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2586 students aged 12-13 years (seventh grade)...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283994/timing-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-diagnosis-after-migration-and-its-determinants-among-sub-saharan-african-migrants-living-in-france
#18
Julie Pannetier, Virginie Gigonzac, Nathalie Lydié, Annabel Desgrées du Loû, Rosemary Dray Spira
OBJECTIVE: In European countries, chronic hepatitis B (CHB) disproportionately affects migrants from medium- and high-endemic areas and is largely underdiagnosed. To inform policy and improve screening strategies, we measured the timing of CHB diagnosis after migration and its determinants among sub-Saharan migrants living in the Paris metropolitan area (France). DESIGN: The PARCOURS study is a retrospective life-event history survey conducted in health care services in 2012-2013 among 779 migrants from sub-Saharan Africa who were receiving care for CHB...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281026/can-you-recommend-me-a-good-gp-describing-social-differences-in-patient-satisfaction-within-31-countries
#19
Jens Detollenaere, Lise Hanssens, Willemijn Schäfer, Sara Willems
Objective: This study aims to explore social differences in patient satisfaction of their general practitioner (GP) according to patient's gender, education, household income and ethnicity in Europe. Design: By using multilevel logistic modelling the impact of socioeconomic indicators (i.e. gender, education, household income and ethnicity) on patient satisfaction is estimated. In each model the authors controlled for indicators of person-focused care and strength of the primary care system...
December 21, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260657/impact-of-enhanced-health-interventions-for-united-states-bound-refugees-evaluating-best-practices-in-migration-health
#20
Tarissa Mitchell, Deborah Lee, Michelle Weinberg, Christina Phares, Nicola James, Kittisak Amornpaisarnloet, Lalita Aumpipat, Gretchen Cooley, Anita Davies, Valerie Daw Tin Shwe, Vasil Gajdadziev, Olga Gorbacheva, Chutharat Khwan-Niam, Alexander Klosovsky, Waritorn Madilokkowit, Diana Martin, Naing Zaw Htun Myint, Thi Ngoc Yen Nguyen, Thomas B Nutman, Elise M O'Connell, Luis Ortega, Sugunya Prayadsab, Chetdanai Srimanee, Wasant Supakunatom, Vattanachai Vesessmith, William M Stauffer
With an unprecedented number of displaced persons worldwide, strategies for improving the health of migrating populations are critical. United States-bound refugees undergo a required overseas medical examination to identify inadmissible conditions (e.g., tuberculosis) 2-6 months before resettlement, but it is limited in scope and may miss important, preventable infectious, chronic, or nutritional causes of morbidity. We sought to evaluate the feasibility and health impact of diagnosis and management of such conditions before travel...
December 18, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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