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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549451/clinical-and-laboratory-evaluation-of-new-immigrant-and-refugee-children-arriving-in-greece
#1
Ioanna D Pavlopoulou, Marsela Tanaka, Stavroula Dikalioti, Evangelia Samoli, Pavlos Nisianakis, Olga D Boleti, Konstantinos Tsoumakas
BACKGROUND: Migrant children are a population at risk for various health problems. Despite the increased inflow of migrants in Greece, data regarding their health assessment are lacking. This study aims to describe the clinical and certain laboratory characteristics and identify possible associations in a group of new immigrant (I) and refugee (R) children, arriving in Athens, Greece. METHODS: A prospective, cross- sectional study was performed in a migrant outpatient clinic of a tertiary Children's hospital...
May 26, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545785/somatization-among-persons-with-turkish-origin-results-of-the-pretest-of-the-german-national-cohort-study
#2
Eva Morawa, Nico Dragano, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Tilman Brand, Yesim Erim
OBJECTIVE: Despite the emerging need to examine mental health of immigrants, there are no investigations designed to analyze representative samples in Germany. The aim of the present study was to explore the severity of somatic symptoms/somatization among a sample of considerable size consisting of persons with Turkish origin. We studied whether somatization was associated with sociodemographic and migration-related characteristics. METHODS: This examination was part of a pretest for a large national epidemiological cohort study in Germany...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545468/the-contribution-of-the-foreign-population-to-the-high-level-of-infant-mortality-in-switzerland-a-demographic-analysis
#3
Philippe Wanner, Paola Bollini
BACKGROUND: In 2011 Switzerland reported the highest infant mortality rate among Western European countries, as well as the highest percentage of foreign population (23%). The comparison of the Swiss and foreign population in terms of reproductive health has received so far insufficient attention. The aim of the present study is to analyze the infant (IMR) and neonatal mortality rates (NMR) of Swiss and foreign children over the last 30 years. METHODS: Vital statistics from the period 1980 to 2011 were used to compute IMR and NMR according to year and/or citizenship...
May 25, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535792/caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-mental-health-of-migrant-live-in-caregivers-in-canada
#4
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
BACKGROUND: Canada depends on Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs), also known as migrant workers, to fill labour shortage in agriculture, hospitality, construction, child/senior care, and other low-skilled occupations. Evidence shows that TFWs, especially women live-in caregivers (LC), constitute a vulnerable population. Their health is compromised by the precarious and harsh working and living conditions they encounter. There is a paucity of research on the mental health of LCs, their support systems and access to mental health services...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527472/-leaving-no-one-behind-reflections-on-the-design-of-community-based-hiv-prevention-for-migrants-in-johannesburg-s-inner-city-hostels-and-informal-settlements
#5
Fiona Scorgie, Jo Vearey, Monique Oliff, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Matthew F Chersich, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors' experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project...
May 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526074/oral-health-behaviour-in-migrant-and-non-migrant-adults-in-germany-the-utilization-of-regular-dental-check-ups
#6
Fabian Erdsiek, Dorothee Waury, Patrick Brzoska
BACKGROUND: Migrants in many European countries including Germany tend to utilize preventive measures less frequently than the majority population. Little is known about the dental health of migrants as well as about their oral health behaviour, particularly in the adult population. The aim of this study was to examine differences in the uptake of annual dental check-ups in adult migrants and non-migrants in Germany. METHODS: We used data from the cross-sectional survey 'German Health Update 2010' conducted by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 22,050)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#7
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516869/recommendations-for-infectious-disease-screening-in-migrants-to-western-europe-with-inflammatory-arthropathies-before-starting-biologic-agents-results-from-a-multidisciplinary-task-force-of-four-european-societies-sir-ser-simet-semtsi-facing-the-lar
#8
Filippo Bartalesi, Carlo Scirè, Ana Requena-Méndez, Miguel Angel Abad, Dora Buonfrate, Roberto Caporali, Fabrizio Conti, Federico Diaz-Gonzalez, Cruz Fernández-Espartero, Carmen Martinez-Fernandez, Marta Mascarello, Elena Generali, Giovanni Minisola, Aldo Morrone, Jose Muñoz, Patricia Richi, Gariffalia Sakellariou, Joaquin Salas Coronas, Michele Spinicci, Francesco Castelli, Alessandro Bartoloni, Zeno Bisoffi, Francisco Gimenez-Sanchez, Santiago Muñoz-Fernandez, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory arthritis needs infectious disease screening before starting a biologic agent, however, few data are known about migrant patients, who represent a peculiar population which requires a multidisciplinary approach among international health specialists and should also be considered by health authorities. For this reason, the Italian and Spanish Societies of Rheumatology (SIR and SER) and Tropical Medicine (SIMET and SEMTSI) promoted a multidisciplinary task force in order to produce specific recommendations about screening and advices to be considered in migrant patients with inflammatory arthritis candidate to receive biological therapy, according to their geographical origin...
May 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515195/cohort-profile-internal-migration-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-migration-and-health-in-malawi-mhm-study
#9
Philip Anglewicz, Mark VanLandingham, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Hans-Peter Kohler
PURPOSE: The Migration and Health in Malawi (MHM) study focuses on a key challenge in migration research: although it has long been established that migration and health are closely linked, identifying the effect of migration on various health outcomes is complicated by methodological challenges. The MHM study uses a longitudinal panel premigration and postmigration study design (with a non-migrant comparison group) to measure and/or control for important characteristics that affect both migration and health outcomes...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514026/gambling-with-life-masculinity-risk-and-danger-in-the-lives-of-unauthorized-migrant-roofers
#10
Sergio Chávez, Claire E Altman
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the occupational experiences of unauthorized immigrants employed in one of the most dangerous occupations in the United States: roofing. METHODS: We draw on 40 in-depth interviews with return migrants in Guanajuato, Mexico, to examine how the adoption of masculinity, dangerous working conditions, the labor market structure, and absence of legal status exacerbates injuries for unauthorized roofers. FINDINGS: Undocumented men return to Mexico injured with chronic pain, health complications, and trauma...
June 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511638/screening-for-tuberculosis-in-an-urban-shelter-for-homeless-in-switzerland-a-prospective-study
#11
Jean-Paul Janssens, Timothee Wuillemin, Dan Adler, Yves Jackson
BACKGROUND: Whereas high risk groups such as asylum seekers are systematically screened for active tuberculosis (TB) upon entry in Switzerland, this strategy does not apply to homeless persons despite a reported high risk. Geneva health and social authorities implemented an intersectoral project to screen for active TB in homeless persons. We aimed to assess acceptability of this program and prevalence of active TB in this group. METHODS: This prospective study targeted all homeless adults registering for shelter accommodation in Geneva during winter 2015...
May 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509519/development-of-life-story-experience-lse-scales-for-migrant-dentists-in-australia-a-sequential-qualitative-quantitative-study
#12
M Balasubramanian, A J Spencer, S D Short, K Watkins, S Chrisopoulos, D S Brennan
INTRODUCTION: The integration of qualitative and quantitative approaches introduces new avenues to bridge strengths, and address weaknesses of both methods. OBJECTIVE: To develop measure(s) for migrant dentist experiences in Australia through a mixed methods approach. METHODS: The sequential qualitative-quantitative design involved first the harvesting of data items from qualitative study, followed by a national survey of migrant dentists in Australia...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505378/overweight-and-abdominal-obesity-in-women-of-childbearing-age-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-and-the-general-finnish-population
#13
Tarja I Kinnunen, Natalia Skogberg, Tommi Härkänen, Annamari Lundqvist, Tiina Laatikainen, Päivikki Koponen
Background: Migrant background and higher parity may increase the risk of being overweight. We compared the prevalence of overweight (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2) and abdominal obesity (waist-to-height ratio ≥0.5) between non-pregnant migrant and Finnish women aged 18-45 years. Methods: The participants were 165 Russian, 164 Somali and 179 Kurdish origin women from the cross-sectional Migrant Health and Wellbeing study. The reference group included 388 women from the general Finnish population...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502864/chagas-disease-in-europe-a-review-for-the-internist-in-the-globalized-world
#14
REVIEW
Spinello Antinori, Laura Galimberti, Roberto Bianco, Romualdo Grande, Massimo Galli, Mario Corbellino
Chagas disease (CD) or American trypanosomiasis identified in 1909 by Carlos Chagas, has become over the last 40years a global health concern due to the huge migration flows from Latin America to Europe, United States, Canada and Japan. In Europe, most migrants from CD-endemic areas are concentrated in Spain, Italy, France, United Kingdom and Switzerland. Pooled seroprevalence studies conducted in Europe show an overall 4.2% prevalence, with the highest infection rates observed among individuals from Bolivia (18...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500384/associations-between-social-vulnerabilities-and-psychosocial-problems-in-european-children-results-from-the-idefics-study
#15
Isabel Iguacel, Nathalie Michels, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Stefaan De Henauw, Regina Felső, Wencke Gwozdz, Monica Hunsberger, Lucia Reisch, Paola Russo, Michael Tornaritis, Barbara Franziska Thumann, Toomas Veidebaum, Claudia Börnhorst, Luis A Moreno
The effect of socioeconomic inequalities on children's mental health remains unclear. This study aims to explore the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between social vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems, and the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems. 5987 children aged 2-9 years from eight European countries were assessed at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Two different instruments were employed to assess children's psychosocial problems: the KINDL (Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents) was used to evaluate children's well-being and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to evaluate children's internalising problems...
May 12, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492776/tuberculosis-mortality-in-brazilian-capitals-2008-2010
#16
Roger Flores Ceccon, Rosana Maffacciolli, Andréia Burille, Stela Nazareth Meneghel, Dora Lúcia Leidens Correa de Oliveira, Tatiana Engel Gerhardt
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the association between tuberculosis mortality and socio-demographics and health indicators in the capitals of Brazilian states and the Federal District. METHODS: this is an ecological study whose outcome was the standardized coefficient of tuberculosis mortality in the 2008-2010 period; the independent variables comprised 16 indicators, grouped into three blocks; Pearson correlation test and multiple linear regression were applied for analysis...
April 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492419/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-and-antigens-against-hepatitis-a-e-viruses-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-germany-in-2015
#17
Alexandra Jablonka, Philipp Solbach, Michael Wöbse, Michael P Manns, Reinhold E Schmidt, Heiner Wedemeyer, Markus Cornberg, Georg M N Behrens, Svenja Hardtke
BACKGROUND: Migration because of miscellaneous political crises in countries in the Middle East and Africa is a global challenge for whole Europe from an economic, social, and public health view. There is an urgent need to generate comprehensive, evidence-based data to expedite further screening and vaccination strategies. METHODS: A total of 604 individuals ranging in age from 2 to 68 years who enrolled at a single reception center were tested for the prevalence of serologic markers for hepatitis virus types A, B, C, D, and E (HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV, HEV), respectively...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491134/traditional-practices-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-migrant-women
#18
Adam Morton
Traditional practices during pregnancy may lead to adverse outcomes in migrant women. Very little is known regarding the efficacy or safety of many cultural practices during pregnancy, and research is required to address this deficiency in knowledge. Greater awareness of traditional practices by health professionals may result in improved pregnancy outcomes in migrant women.
March 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487768/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-among-chinese-first-generation-migrants-and-italians-in-prato-italy-the-chip-study
#19
Pietro A Modesti, Maria Calabrese, Ilaria Marzotti, Hushao Bing, Danilo Malandrino, Maria Boddi, Sergio Castellani, Dong Zhao
Data on health needs of Chinese living in the South of Europe are lacking. To compare prevalence, awareness, treatment, control, and risk factors for hypertension between Chinese migrants and Italian adults, a sample of 1200 first-generation Chinese migrants and 291 native Italians aged 35-59 years living in Prato (Italy) was recruited in a community-based participatory cross-sectional survey. Primary outcome measure was hypertension, diagnosed for blood pressure values ≥ 140/90 mmHg or current use of antihypertensive medications...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482996/culturally-adaptive-walking-intervention-for-korean-chinese-female-migrant-workers
#20
Sunghye Cho, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Jung Hee Kim, Meenhye Lee, Young-Me Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the literature has commonly cited that development of culturally adaptive interventions is key to improving the health outcomes of culturally and linguistically diverse populations, there have been limited culturally adaptive walking interventions specific to Korean-Chinese (KC) migrants. The objective of this study is to describe the process in development of culturally adaptive walking interventions for KC female migrant workers, using the intervention mapping (IM) method...
May 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
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