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Farmworker health

Jennifer E Shearer
Pesticide exposures represent inequities among a vulnerable population of migrant and seasonal farmworkers. A social justice theory synthesized from an environmental health research framework, a middle range theory of critical caring, and literature on pesticide exposure is presented as a situation-specific public health practice theory. Concepts from the physiological, epistemological, vulnerability, and health protection domains are related to concepts of critical caring revealing protective strategies for vulnerable populations exposed to pesticides...
November 14, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Ian B Stanaway, James C Wallace, Ali Shojaie, William C Griffith, Sungwoo Hong, Carly S Wilder, Foad H Green, Jesse Tsai, Misty Knight, Tomomi Workman, Eric M Vigoren, Jeffrey S McLean, Beti Thompson, Elaine M Faustman
: In a longitudinal agricultural community cohort sampling of 65 farmworker and 52 non-farmworker adults, we investigated agricultural pesticide exposure associated changes in the oral buccal microbiota. We found a seasonally persistent association between the detected blood concentration of the insecticide Azinphos-methyl and the taxonomic composition of the buccal swab oral microbiome. Blood and buccal samples were collected concurrently from individual subjects in two seasons, spring/summer 2005 and winter 2006...
November 11, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Alexis Guild, Chelly Richards, Virginia Ruiz
Farmworkers are a unique population within rural communities and are often overlooked and undercounted. They face significant disparities in health and health care access compared with the general rural population. One goal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) is to increase access to health care and health insurance for the country's most vulnerable and underserved populations. Farmworkers' numerous barriers to health care and health insurance remain, despite the ACA's progress. Apart from anecdotal accounts, we lack the necessary data to assess the ACA's impact on farmworker communities...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
John C Flunker, Jessica Miller Clouser, David Mannino, Jennifer Swanberg
BACKGROUND: Latino thoroughbred workers may be at risk for developing abnormal pulmonary function related to occupational exposures. METHODS: Eighty worker participants were recruited via community-based purposive sampling. Questionnaires and spirometry tests were administered by trained lay health promoters. Demographic and occupational factors were assessed for associations with respiratory outcomes via multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Twenty-seven percent of participants exhibited abnormal pulmonary function (primarily restrictive), 79% reported any respiratory symptoms, and 94% infrequently used dust masks...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Banafsheh Sadeghi, Sara Schaefer, Iraklis Erik Tseregounis, Alberto L Aguilera, Lisa Martinez, Rosa Gomez-Camacho, Ulfat Shaikh, Mayra Munoz Gomez, Linda Whent, Adela de la Torre
In California's central valley, childhood obesity rates are above the national average. The majority of families living in the rural, agricultural communities of this region are immigrant of Mexican heritage, and face numerous social and environmental challenges. Demographic and anthropometric data were collected from a population of Mexican-heritage children 3-8 years (N = 609) and families (N = 466) living in two central valley communities. Overall, 45 % of children and 82 % of mothers were classified as overweight or obese...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Sara A Quandt, Mark R Schulz, Haiying Chen, Thomas A Arcury
PURPOSE: Visual impairment presents significant risks for occupational injuries among farmworkers, a vulnerable population with limited access to vision care. Although previous research has noted farmworkers' low lifetime experience with vision screening and high rates of complaints of eye ailments and poor vision, there have been few screening data collected to evaluate these self-reports. The objectives of this analysis are to (1) describe farmworker visual health using standardized visual acuity screening data and self-reported visual function, and (2) to compare the screening and self-report data...
October 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
Marissa N Smith, Tomomi Workman, Katie M McDonald, Melinda A Vredevoogd, Eric M Vigoren, William C Griffith, Beti Thompson, Gloria D Coronado, Dana Barr, Elaine M Faustman
Since 1998, the University of Washington's Center for Child Environmental Health Risks Research has followed a community-based participatory research strategy in the Lower Yakima Valley of Washington State to assess pesticide exposure among families of Hispanic farmworkers. As a part of this longitudinal study, house dust samples were collected from both farmworker and non-farmworker households, across three agricultural seasons (thinning, harvest and non-spray). The household dust samples were analyzed for five organophosphate pesticides: azinphos-methyl, phosmet, malathion, diazinon, and chlorpyrifos...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
Cheryl A Vamos, Elizabeth Lockhart, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Erika L Thompson, Sara Proctor, Kristen J Wells, Ellen M Daley
This study explored narrative responses following abnormal Pap tests among Hispanic migrant farmworkers (N = 18; ages 22-50 years) via in-depth interviews in Florida. Qualitative analyses utilized health literacy domains (obtain/process/understand/communicate) as a conceptual framework. Participants described how they (1) obtained information about getting a Pap test, (2) processed positive and negative reactions following results, (3) understood results and recommended health-promoting behaviors, and (4) communicated and received social support...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Eivis Qenani, Soma Roy, Neal MacDougall
A good understanding of underlying causes of obesity prevalence in the farmworker population is critical in finding effective strategies to fight obesity and related chronic diseases. There is growing evidence that the population of farmworkers fares poorly with regard to health status, but available data on obesity levels and related chronic diseases is scarce or missing. This study examined the prevalence of overweight and obesity among a sample of farmworker population in California. Results of the regression model indicate that along with demographic variables such as age and gender, several lifestyle and behavioral risk factors are associated with obesity of the farmworkers...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Thomas A Arcury, Joseph A Skelton, Edward H Ip, Cynthia K Suerken, Grisel Trejo, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: This analysis describes farmworker child health care utilization, anticipatory guidance for child weight, and the association of anticipatory guidance with personal characteristics, practice characteristics, and child's health care utilization. METHODS: Data are from interviews conducted with 221 North Carolina Latino farmworker mothers with a child aged 4-5 years. RESULTS: Half of the children were healthy weight, 19.0% were overweight, and 28...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Thomas A Arcury, Cynthia K Suerken, Edward H Ip, Justin B Moore, Sara A Quandt
Child health and development benefit from physical activity. This analysis describes the residential play environment for children aged 2-4 years in farmworker families, their parent-reported levels of play and media time, and the association of residential environment with play and media time. Mothers with a child aged 2-4 years in farmworker families (n = 248) completed interviews over 2 years. Outcome measures were daily outdoor play time and media time. Measures of the residential environment included physical and social components...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt, Haiying Chen, Thomas A Arcury
This analysis examines the associations of housing conditions with mental health among migrant farmworkers. Data are from a 2010 cross-sectional study conducted in 16 North Carolina counties. Interviews and housing inspections were completed with 371 farmworkers in 186 camps. Mental health measures included depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D), anxiety (Personality Assessment Inventory, PAI), and alcohol misuse (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, AUDIT-C). Housing measures were number of people per sleeping room, perceived security of self and belongings, having a key to dwelling's door, having bedroom storage, toilet privacy issues, and number of housing regulation violations...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
Rima R Habib, Diana Mikati, Safa Hojeij, Khalil El Asmar, Monique Chaaya, Rami Zurayk
BACKGROUND: Syrian migrant farmworkers are among the most marginalized populations in Lebanon, living in poverty, lacking basic legal protections and frequent targets of discrimination. These realities produce living conditions that undermine their basic health and wellbeing. This study explores associations between household living conditions and acute and chronic health problems among Syrian migrant agricultural workers in the Bekaa region of Lebanon. METHODS: A survey was carried out in summer of 2011 with a sample of 290 migrant agriculture workers and members of their household living in a migrant farmworker camp...
July 8, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Alison Reid, Marc B Schenker
OBJECTIVE: Farm work is labor-intensive, physically demanding, and incurs a high risk of injury. The aim of this study was to identify characteristics of farmworkers at increased risk of adverse health outcomes to focus targeted interventions. METHODS: The National Agricultural Workers Survey for 2008-2012 was used to compare characteristics associated with adverse health and safety conditions among US-born and Mexican and Central American-born Latino and Indigenous, documented and undocumented farmworkers, separately for males and females...
August 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Timothy D Howard, Fang-Chi Hsu, Haiying Chen, Sara A Quandt, Jennifer W Talton, Phillip Summers, Thomas A Arcury
PURPOSE: The occupational risk to farmworkers, particularly chronic exposure to pesticides, is an acknowledged environmental and work-related health problem. Epigenetics has recently been shown to contribute to a number of complex diseases and traits, including measures of cognitive function and preclinical neurodegenerative disease. We sought to determine whether changes in DNA methylation existed between farmworker and non-farmworker populations and to identify the genes most likely involved in those changes...
October 2016: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Masoumeh Ghane Kisomi, Li Ping Wong, Sun Tee Tay, Awang Bulgiba, Keivan Zandi, Kai Ling Kho, Fui Xian Koh, Bee Lee Ong, Tariq Jaafar, Quaza Nizamuddin Hassan Nizam
BACKGROUND: Farmworkers are at high-risk for tick bites, which potentially transmit various tick-borne diseases. Previous studies show that personal prevention against tick bites is key, and certain factors namely, knowledge, experience of tick bites, and health beliefs influence compliance with tick bites preventive behaviour. This study aimed to assess these factors and their associations with tick bite preventive practices among Malaysian farmworkers. METHODS: A total of eight cattle, goat and sheep farms in six states in Peninsular Malaysia participated in a cross-sectional survey between August and October 2013...
2016: PloS One
Warangkana Naksen, Tippawan Prapamontol, Ampica Mangklabruks, Somporn Chantara, Prasak Thavornyutikarn, Mark G Robson, P Barry Ryan, Dana Boyd Barr, Parinya Panuwet
Organophosphate (OP) pesticides are widely used for crop protection in many countries including Thailand. Aside from causing environmental contamination, they affect human health especially by over-stimulating of the neurotransmission system. OP pesticides, as with other non-persistent pesticides, degrade quickly in the environment as well as are metabolized quite rapidly in humans. Assessing human exposures to these compounds requires analytical methods that are sensitive, robust, and most importantly, suitable for specific laboratory settings...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
María Teresa Muñoz-Quezada, Boris Andrés Lucero, Verónica Paz Iglesias, María Pía Muñoz, Claudia Alejandra Cornejo, Eduardo Achu, Brittney Baumert, Arianna Hanchey, Carlos Concha, Ana María Brito, Marcos Villalobos
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that acute poisoning from exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides in agricultural workers causes adverse health effects. However, neuropsychological and cognitive effects of chronic occupational exposure to OP pesticides remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: To identify, evaluate, and systematize existing evidence regarding chronic exposure to OP pesticides and neuropsychological effects in farmworkers. METHODS: Using the PubMed search engine, a systematic review process was implemented and replicated according to the PRISMA statement...
January 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Abotaleb Bay, Hashem Heshmati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Thomas A Arcury, Joanne C Sandberg, Dana C Mora, Jennifer W Talton, Sara A Quandt
Farmworkers in the United States experience high rates of injury and illness but have limited access to conventional health care. Farmworkers are often from countries that have active traditional healers, so understanding the use of traditional healers among farmworkers is important. This pilot study (1) describes the use of traditional healers among farmworkers and (2) compares the use of traditional healers by farmworkers with other Latino immigrants. Interviews were conducted in 2015 with 100 Mexican farmworkers (80 men, 20 women) and 100 Mexican immigrant non-farmworkers (50 men, 50 women) in North Carolina...
2016: Journal of Agromedicine
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