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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140633/the-impact-of-work-demand-and-gender-on-occupational-and-psychosocial-stress-in-hispanic-farmworkers
#1
Megan TePoel, Diane Rohlman, Meagan Shaw
Hispanic farmworkers experience hazardous work conditions, language barriers, poverty, and limited healthcare access that increase their risk for health problems. We sought to characterize occupational and lifestyle stressors in farmworker couples and to examine the impact of seasonal work demand and gender on health outcomes. We administered surveys to 31 couples (N = 62) in May (low work demand) and September (high work demand) of 2012. Measures included acculturation, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, quality of life, decision latitude, support (supervisor, co-worker), and work-family conflict...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058017/are-work-demands-associated-with-mental-distress-evidence-from-women-in-rural-india
#2
Robin A Richardson, Arijit Nandi, Surinder Jaswal, Sam Harper
PURPOSE: High work demands might be a determinant of poor mental health among women in low- and middle-income countries, especially in rural settings where women experience greater amounts of labor-intensive unpaid work. Research originating from such settings is lacking. METHODS: We estimated the cross-sectional association between work demands and mental distress among 3177 women living in 160 predominantly tribal communities in southern Rajasthan, India. A structured questionnaire captured the number of minutes women spent on various activities in the last 24 h, and we used this information to measure women's work demands, including the total work amount, nature of work (e...
October 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024370/classification-of-heat-related-illness-symptoms-among-florida-farmworkers
#3
Abby D Mutic, Jacqueline M Mix, Lisa Elon, Nathan J Mutic, Jeannie Economos, Joan Flocks, Antonio J Tovar-Aguilar, Linda A McCauley
BACKGROUND: Farmworkers working in hot and humid environments have an increased risk for heat-related illness (HRI) if their thermoregulatory capabilities are overwhelmed. The manifestation of heat-related symptoms can escalate into life-threatening events. Increasing ambient air temperatures resulting from climate change will only exacerbate HRI in vulnerable populations. We characterize HRI symptoms experienced by farmworkers in three Florida communities. METHODS: A total of 198 farmworkers enrolled in 2015-2016 were asked to recall if they experienced seven HRI symptoms during the previous work week...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023343/pesticide-urinary-metabolites-among-latina-farmworkers-and-non-farmworkers-in-north-carolina
#4
Thomas A Arcury, Paul J Laurienti, Jennifer W Talton, Haiying Chen, Timothy D Howard, Dana Boyd Barr, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
OBJECTIVES: This paper compares detections and concentrations of pesticide urinary metabolites for Latina farmworkers and non-farmworkers in North Carolina. METHODS: Thirty-one farmworkers and 55 non-farmworkers provided urine samples in 2012 and 2013. Urine samples were analyzed for detections and concentrations of organophosphate insecticide, bis-dithiocarbamate fungicide, and pyrethroid insecticide urinary metabolites. RESULTS: Detections for several organophosphate and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites were present for substantial proportions of the farmworkers and non-farmworkers...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975501/understanding-factors-that-influence-health-care-utilization-among-mixtec-and-zapotec-women-in-a-farmworker-community-in-california
#5
Annette E Maxwell, Sandra Young, Emily Moe, Roshan Bastani, Emily Wentzell
This paper examines health care utilization among indigenous immigrants from Oaxaca, Mexico, who have settled in a farmworker community in southern California. In 2016, two trained Spanish-Mixteco and Spanish-Zapoteco bi-lingual interviewers conducted in-depth interviews with 44 indigenous women residing in Oxnard, California on issues that affect health care utilization. Interviews were conducted in Mixteco, Zapoteco and Spanish and were coded to identify structural, cultural, and provider-related barriers to health care utilization...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949873/a-human-rights-based-approach-to-farmworker-health-an-overarching-framework-to-address-the-social-determinants-of-health
#6
Athena K Ramos
Migrant and seasonal workers have a right to the highest attainable standard of health. Unfortunately, these farmworkers face a multitude of challenges. They are employed in one of the most dangerous industries and face serious occupational health risks while positioned at the bottom of the social hierarchy. They often lack formal education and training, English language proficiency, legal status, access to information, and equitable opportunities to health and healthcare. This paper will explore the international human rights conventions that support farmworkers' right to health and healthcare in the United States...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844239/personal-samplers-of-bioavailable-pesticides-integrated-with-a-hair-follicle-assay-of-dna-damage-to-assess-environmental-exposures-and-their-associated-risks-in-children
#7
Pierre-Alexandre Vidi, Kim A Anderson, Haiying Chen, Rebecca Anderson, Naike Salvador-Moreno, Dana C Mora, Carolyn Poutasse, Paul J Laurienti, Stephanie S Daniel, Thomas A Arcury
Agriculture in the United States employs youth ages ten and older in work environments with high pesticide levels. Younger children in rural areas may also be affected by indirect pesticide exposures. The long-term effects of pesticides on health and development are difficult to assess and poorly understood. Yet, epidemiologic studies suggest associations with cancer as well as cognitive deficits. We report a practical and cost-effective approach to assess environmental pesticide exposures and their biological consequences in children...
October 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806486/farmworker-vulnerability-to-heat-hazards-a-conceptual-framework
#8
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Linda A McCauley
PURPOSE: To review factors that impact the effect of hot environments on the human body in order to develop a conceptual model of human biological response. METHODS: The organizing concept for the model development was the multilevel integration of three major factors, exposure to heat, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, and the heat stress response. Exposure of a vulnerable occupational group was used to illustrate the components of the model. FINDINGS: Components of this framework include the hazard (environmental heat stress), vulnerability factors (workplace exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity), and the heat stress response...
November 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762882/acute-pesticide-related-illness-among-farmworkers-barriers-to-reporting-to-public-health-authorities
#9
Joanne Bonnar Prado, Prakash R Mulay, Edward J Kasner, Heidi K Bojes, Geoffrey M Calvert
Farmworkers are at high risk of acute occupational pesticide-related illness (AOPI) and AOPI surveillance is vital to preventing these illnesses. Data on such illnesses are collected and analyzed to identify high-risk groups, high-risk pesticides, and root causes. Interventions to address these risks and root causes include farmworker outreach, education, and regulation. Unfortunately, it is well known that AOPI is underreported, meaning that the true burden of this condition remains unknown. This article reviews the barriers to reporting of farmworker AOPI to public health authorities and provides some practical solutions...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736406/using-policy-briefs-to-present-scientific-results-of-cbpr-farmworkers-in-north-carolina
#10
Thomas A Arcury, Melinda F Wiggins, Carol Brooke, Anna Jensen, Phillip Summers, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: Using scientific results to inform policy that improves health and well-being of vulnerable community members is essential to community-based participatory research (CBPR). OBJECTIVES: We describe "policy briefs," a mechanism developed to apply the results of CBPR projects with migrant and seasonal farmworkers to policy changes. LESSONS LEARNED: Policy briefs are two-page summaries of published research that address a single policy issue using language and graphics to make the science accessible to diverse audiences...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728349/occupational-risk-factors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-review-of-the-available-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Mahin Ghafari, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani
Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. No comprehensive picture exists of the health status of Iranian farmers and the work-related hazards that affect them. We aimed to determine the gaps in the current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers. Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database, MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published through March 2017...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704143/north-carolina-state-agencies-working-to-prevent-agricultural-injuries-and-illnesses
#12
Ricky Langley, Anne Hirsch, Regina Cullen, John Allran, Renee Woody, Derrick Bell
Over the past 25 years, the North Carolina Departments of Labor, Agriculture and Consumer Services, and Health and Human Services have worked with farmers, farmworkers, commodity and trade associations, universities, and cooperative extension agents to develop programs to decrease the occurrence of injuries and illnesses among agricultural workers and their families. The Bureau of Agricultural Safety and Health in the North Carolina Department of Labor helped craft the Migrant Housing Act, created the Gold Star program, and developed numerous projects promoting rural highway safety and farm safety...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697063/disseminating-pesticide-exposure-results-to-farmworker-and-nonfarmworker-families-in-an-agricultural-community-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#13
Beti Thompson, Elizabeth Carosso, William Griffith, Tomomi Workman, Sarah Hohl, Elaine Faustman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a dissemination process to provide individual pesticide results to study participants. METHODS: After working with community members to disseminate data, 37 participants were recontacted via an interview survey to assess the effectiveness of the dissemination process. RESULTS: Almost all participants (97.3%) recalled a home visit from a health promoter; 29 (78.4%) correctly recalled that the health promoter used a thermometer or graphic to explain the results; 26 (70...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665352/covariates-of-identified-stress-and-depression-among-seasonal-farmworkers
#14
Beth H Chaney, Essie Torres
Many noted difficulties of farmworker life result in increased risk for stress and depression. To date, limited research has focused primarily on seasonal farmworkers; much of the prior research examines migrant farmworkers or both groups collectively. This study aims to: (1) describe levels of stress and depression among a sample of seasonal farmworkers; and (2) identify if covariates (age, gender, marital status, education level, years of residency, problems obtaining healthcare due to documentation, language barriers, transportation, costs, medical insurance, and stress level) are significant predictors of depressive symptoms...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651254/a-preliminary-study-of-a-spanish-graphic-novella-targeting-hearing-loss-prevention
#15
Mark Guiberson, Emily Wakefield
Purpose: This preliminary study developed a digital graphic novella targeting hearing protection beliefs of Spanish-speaking agricultural workers. Researchers used pretest-posttest interview surveys to establish if the novella had an immediate influence on the participants' beliefs about noise-induced hearing loss and usage of hearing protection devices. Method: Researchers developed a digital graphic novella directed to increase knowledge about noise-induced hearing loss and increase the proper use of hearing protection devices...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644414/benefits-facilitators-barriers-and-strategies-to-improve-pesticide-protective-behaviors-insights-from-farmworkers-in-north-carolina-tobacco-fields
#16
AnnMarie Lee Walton, Catherine E LePrevost, Laura Linnan, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Kathi Mooney
Pesticide exposure is associated with deleterious health effects. Prior studies suggest Latino farmworkers perceive little control over their occupational health. Using the Health Belief Model as a theoretical guide, we explored the perceptions of Latino farmworkers working in tobacco in North Carolina (n = 72) about benefits and facilitators of pesticide protective behaviors as well as barriers, and strategies to overcome barriers to their use. Interviews were conducted with participants at farmworker housing during non-work time...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622109/farmworker-and-nonfarmworker-latino-immigrant-men-in-north-carolina-have-high-levels-of-specific-pesticide-urinary-metabolites
#17
Thomas A Arcury, Haiying Chen, Paul J Laurienti, Timothy D Howard, Dana Boyd Barr, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
This article compares detections and concentrations of specific organophosphate (OP), bis-dithiocarbamate, and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites among Latino male farmworkers and nonfarmworkers in North Carolina. Data are from interviews and urine samples collected in 2012 and 2013. Farmworkers and nonfarmworkers frequently had detections for OP and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites. Detection of bis-dithiocarbamate urinary metabolites was less frequent, but substantial among the nonfarmworkers...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437652/review-of-take-home-pesticide-exposure-pathway-in-children-living-in-agricultural-areas
#18
REVIEW
Carly Hyland, Ouahiba Laribi
BACKGROUND: Children of farmworkers may be chronically exposed to pesticides via the take-home exposure pathway. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to analyze scientific literature evaluating the role of the take-home pesticide exposure pathway in children of agricultural workers. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken and inclusion criteria were applied to identify original articles of interest. Of the 30 articles included in this review, some belonged to the same studies, resulting in a total of 23 studies...
July 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409702/providing-health-information-to-latino-farmworkers-the-case-of-the-affordable-care-act
#19
Thomas A Arcury, Anna Jensen, Mackenzie Mann, Joanne C Sandberg, Melinda F Wiggins, Jennifer W Talton, Mark A Hall, Sara A Quandt
OBJECTIVE: Providing health program information to vulnerable communities, such as Latino farmworkers, is difficult. This analysis describes the manner in which farmworkers receive information about the Affordable Care Act, comparing farmworkers with other Latinos. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 100 Latino farmworkers and 100 urban Latino North Carolina residents in 2015. RESULTS: Most farmworkers had received health information from a community organization...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393128/prevalence-and-predictors-of-mental-health-among-farmworkers-in-southeastern-anatolia-of-turkey
#20
Zeynep Simsek, Ayşana Zehra Keklik, Canan Demir, Kerim M Munir
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems represent a major component of the global burden of disease. The primary objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and predictors of psychological wellbeing among farmworkers and to evaluate their mental health services need for in rural primary health care settings. METHODS: The study sample comprised 1855 farmworkers (918 women, and 937 men) who were selected using probability cluster sampling method at 95% confidence interval (87...
January 2017: International journal of environmental & agriculture research
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