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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092754/public-participation-gis-for-improving-wood-burning-emissions-from-residential-heating-and-urban-environmental-management
#1
Susana López-Aparicio, Matthias Vogt, Philipp Schneider, Maarit Kahila-Tani, Anna Broberg
A crowdsourcing study supported by a public participation GIS tool was designed and carried out in two Norwegian regions. The aim was to improve the knowledge about emissions from wood burning for residential heating in urban areas based on the collection of citizens' localized insights. We focus on three main issues: 1) type of dwelling and residential heating source; 2) wood consumption and type of wood appliances; and 3) citizens' perception of the urban environment. Our study shows the importance of wood burning for residential heating, and of the resulted particle emissions, in Norwegian urban areas...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092252/-accessibility-to-health-services-theoretical-debate-on-determinants-and-implications-in-the-public-health-policy
#2
Diana Alejandra Sánchez-Torres
This paper presents the theorical development of accesibility as process and product. The process consists of the elements that converge to meet the objectives of providing medical care in a timely manner. As product is a component of effective care. Accesibility itself is subject to a combination of economic, cultural, social, geographic and contextual aspects. Beyond the right of persons to receive health care, availability of institutions and the means to achieve.
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092064/critical-congenital-heart-disease-newborn-screening-implementation-lessons-learned
#3
Monica R McClain, John S Hokanson, Regina Grazel, Kim Naarden Van Braun, Lorraine F Garg, Michelle R Morris, Kathleen Moline, Keri Urquhart, Amy Nance, Harper Randall, Marci K Sontag
Introduction The purpose of this article is to present the collective experiences of six federally-funded critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) newborn screening implementation projects to assist federal and state policy makers and public health to implement CCHD screening. Methods A qualitative assessment and summary from six demonstration project grantees and other state representatives involved in the implementation of CCHD screening programs are presented in the following areas: legislation, provider and family education, screening algorithms and interpretation, data collection and quality improvement, telemedicine, home and rural births, and neonatal intensive care unit populations...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092059/the-effects-of-race-and-ethnicity-on-the-risk-of-large-for-gestational-age-newborns-in-women-without-gestational-diabetes-by-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-categories
#4
Nhial T Tutlam, Yun Liu, Erik J Nelson, Louise H Flick, Jen Jen Chang
Objectives Children born large for gestational age (LGA) are at risk of numerous adverse outcomes. While the racial/ethnic disparity in LGA risk has been studied among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), the independent effect of race on LGA risk by maternal prepregnancy BMI is still unclear among women without GDM. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the association between maternal race/ethnicity and LGA among women without GDM. Methods This was a population-based cohort study of 2,842,278 singleton births using 2012 U...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090401/insights-in-public-health-challenges-investigating-health-outcomes-in-chinese-americans-using-population-based-survey-data
#5
Michelle Tong, Tetine Sentell
Chinese Americans constitute the largest percentage of Asian Americans. In Hawai'i, Chinese Americans make up approximately 4.7% of the total state population. Accurately assessing health disparities across specific Asian American subgroups is critically important to health research and policy, as there is often substantial variability in risk and outcomes. However, even for Chinese Americans, the largest of the Asian American subgroups, such analyses can present challenges in population-based surveys. This article considers these challenges generally and then specifically in terms of the issue of health literacy and heart disease in Chinese Americans using existing population-based survey data sets in the United States, California, and Hawai'i...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089281/features-of-public-healthcare-services-provided-to-migrant-patients-in-the-eastern-macedonia-and-thrace-region-greece
#6
Christos A Tsitsakis, Anastasios Karasavvoglou, Efstathios Tsaridis, Georgia Ramantani, Giannoula Florou, Persefoni Polychronidou, Stamatios Stamatakis
BACKGROUND: The influx of migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers into European Union (EU) countries, especially into Greece, in the last 20 years is an issue of growing concern and requires a rational approach. The aim of this study is to chart the use of public health services by the migrants of the Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Region, which forms the northeastern border of Greece. METHODS: We collected data from five of the six public hospitals in the specified region, and we carried out a per clinic cross tabulation analysis of admission diagnosis and citizenship variables in order to establish the frequency at which the various diagnoses emerge per distinct group of migrant and non-migrant patients in each clinic...
December 27, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089279/perspective-on-pre-and-post-natal-agro-food-exposure-to-persistent-organic-pollutants-and-their-effects-on-quality-of-life
#7
REVIEW
Tania Fernández-Cruz, Elena Martínez-Carballo, Jesús Simal-Gándara
BACKGROUND: Adipose tissue constitutes a continual source of internal exposure to organic pollutants (OPs). When fats mobilize during pregnancy and breastfeeding, OPs could affect foetal and neonatal development, respectively. SCOPE AND APPROACH: The main aim of this review is to deal with pre- and post-natal external exposure to organic pollutants and their effects on health, proposing prevention measures to reduce their risk. The goal is the development of a biomonitoring framework program to estimate their impact on human health, and prevent exposure by recommending some changes in personal lifestyle habits...
January 11, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089188/barriers-to-providing-maternity-care-to-women-with-physical-disabilities-perspectives-from-health-care-practitioners
#8
Monika Mitra, Lauren D Smith, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Linda M Long-Bellil, Nechama Sammet Moring, Lisa I Iezzoni
BACKGROUND: Women with physical disabilities are known to experience disparities in maternity care access and quality, and communication gaps with maternity care providers, however there is little research exploring the maternity care experiences of women with physical disabilities from the perspective of their health care practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This study explored health care practitioners' experiences and needs around providing perinatal care to women with physical disabilities in order to identify potential drivers of these disparities...
January 3, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088616/patient-agency-and-contested-notions-of-disability-in-social-assistance-applications-in-south-africa
#9
Gabrielle Kelly
Problems in fairly allocating welfare and health resources are very often located in the spaces where citizens interact directly with state workers. This study draws on observations of doctor-patient encounters in disability assessments for the South African disability grant (DG) to examine how doctor-patient interactions and patient agency shape social welfare allocation in a context of high poverty and inequality. Data were gathered via interviews with healthcare workers and observations of doctor-patient interactions in twelve clinics and three hospitals in the Western Cape province between October 2013 and August 2014...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088055/marijuana-use-disorder-symptoms-among-recent-onset-marijuana-users
#10
Lisa Dierker, William Mendoza, Renee Goodwin, Arielle Selya, Jennifer Rose
BACKGROUND: With recreational marijuana having recently been legalized in a growing number of U.S. states, as well as the increasing support for its legalization among substantial segments of the American public, an understanding of the development of symptoms associated with marijuana use disorders will assist in guiding both education and policy. METHODS: This study examined the prevalence of marijuana use disorder symptoms among a nationally representative sample of recent onset marijuana users ages 12-21 drawn from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (N=9697)...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087545/predictors-of-public-support-for-nutrition-focused-policy-systems-and-environmental-change-strategies-in-los-angeles-county-2013
#11
Brenda Robles, Tony Kuo
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, federal and local agencies have invested broadly in a variety of nutrition-focused policy, systems and environmental change (PSE) initiatives in Los Angeles County (LAC). To date, little is known about whether the public supports such efforts. We address this gap in the literature by examining predictors of support for a variety of PSEs. METHODS: Voters residing in LAC (n=1007) were randomly selected to participate in a cross-sectional telephone survey commissioned by the LAC Department of Public Health...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087100/-improving-prevention-integrative-model-and-recommendations-intended-for-public-health-professionals
#12
REVIEW
G Broc, A Edjolo
Public health policies aim to diminish people's exposure to negative factors, behaviors or determinants of health. Despite awareness-raising campaigns, health recommendations are still not sufficiently followed. First, the article wondered the reasons behind this observation. In order to do this, we present a theoretical model incorporating: (a) the motivational theories of communication processing; (b) the theories of motivation and volition; (c) self-regulation and self-determination theories. In a second part, the paper describes five principles for improving communication...
January 10, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086857/evaluating-a-multicomponent-social-behaviour-change-communication-strategy-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-among-married-couples-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-nepal
#13
Cari Jo Clark, Rachael A Spencer, Binita Shrestha, Gemma Ferguson, J Michael Oakes, Jhumka Gupta
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally and a similarly large number of women in Nepal. Over the past decade, important policy and programmatic steps have been taken to address violence against women in Nepal. There remains a dearth of evidence on the effectiveness of primary violence prevention strategies. The Change Starts at Home study begins to fill this gap by utilizing a multi-component social behaviour change communication (SBCC) strategy involving a radio drama and community mobilization to shift attitudes, norms and behaviours that underpin IPV perpetration in Nepal...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079710/electronic-health-record-data-versus-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-a-comparison-of-overweight-and-obesity-rates
#14
Luke M Funk, Ying Shan, Corrine I Voils, John Kloke, Lawrence P Hanrahan
BACKGROUND: Estimating population-level obesity rates is important for informing policy and targeting treatment. The current gold standard for obesity measurement in the United States-the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)-samples <0.1% of the population and does not target state-level or health system-level measurement. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of using body mass index (BMI) data from the electronic health record (EHR) to assess rates of overweight and obesity and compare these rates to national NHANES estimates...
January 10, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079647/using-public-health-data-for-soil-pb-hazard-management-in-ohio
#15
John F Obrycki, Tyler Serafini, Darryl B Hood, Chris Alexander, Pam Blais, Nicholas T Basta
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how frequently elevated soil lead (Pb) hazards (≥400 ppm Pb) were identified in existing blood Pb site investigations in Ohio. DESIGN: This study evaluated 3050 site investigations from the Ohio Department of Health for children with blood Pb levels at or above 10 μg dL that contained bare soil Pb data. SETTING: Data were collected from existing databases maintained by the Ohio Department of Health. PARTICIPANTS: All data were de-identified prior to analysis...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079642/an-evaluation-of-a-competency-based-public-health-training-program-for-public-health-professionals-in-kansas
#16
Kyrah K Brown, JʼVonnah Maryman, Tracie Collins
CONTEXT: Less than one-third of the US public health workforce has formal training in public health. Academic-public health agency partnerships aimed at addressing the nation's workforce challenges have shown great promise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a piloted competency-based public health training program formed out of an academic-public health agency partnership. DESIGN: Mixed-methods design using pre- and postworkshop surveys and quizzes, open-ended questions, and document review...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078924/book-review-cognitive-aging-progress-in-understanding-and-opportunities-for-action-cognitive-aging-progress-in-understanding-and-opportunities-for-action-edited-by-blazer-d-g-yaffe-k-liverman-c-t-committee-on-the-public-health-dimensions-of-cognitive-ageing
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078705/commentary-on-des-jarlais-et-al-2017-robust-public-health-policies-as-a-way-forward-in-the-hiv-epidemic
#18
Nicole Ennis Whitehead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077862/what-are-the-challenges-in-developing-effective-health-policies-for-obesity
#19
REVIEW
M Binks, S-H Chin
Identifying and implementing thoughtful, evidence based (or at least evidence informed) public health approaches to impacting obesity is a complex issue fraught with multiple challenges. These challenges begin with determining whether obesity policy approaches should be implemented. This is considered within the broader context of how common public health policy approaches may be relevant and applied to obesity. Additional challenges discussed include inconsistencies in clearly identifying obesity policy targets (e...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077861/economics-and-obesity-policy
#20
REVIEW
J L Lusk
This paper elucidates the challenges surrounding the economics of some popular obesity-related policy proposals. Solid economic justifications for anti-obesity policies are often lacking, and pragmatically evidence suggests policies like fat and soda taxes or restrictions on food stamp spending are unlikely to substantively affect obesity prevalence. In short, many of the same factors that make obesity such a complicated and multifaceted issue extend to the economic analysis public health policies.International Journal of Obesity accepted article preview online, 12 January 2017...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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