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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783253/planning-of-effective-evaluation-of-the-activities-of-hospital-district-at-the-example-of-poltava-region
#1
Vyacheslav M Zhdan, Valentyn M Dvornyk, Viktor P Lysak, Igor M Skrypnyk, Valeriy I Pokhylko, Iryna A Holovanova, Inna V Bielikova, Maxim V Khorosh, Ludmila M Shylkina, Mariya M Tovstiak
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Increasing of the availability and quality of health care in rural areas is one of the priority directions of public health and regional development policy. The need for reforming of the network of secondary health care facilities is due to the fact, that they are unable to meet the needs of the population in this specialized type of medical care in the conditions of the existing structure and funding system. The aim: to analyze the existing legislation regulating the establishment and operation of hospital districts; to determine the methodology for monitoring and evaluating of the activity of the hospital district on the example of the Poltava region...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783200/blood-lead-and-cadmium-levels-in-preschool-children-and-associated-risk-factors-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#2
Kelly Polido Kaneshiro Olympio, Júlia Prestes da Rocha Silva, Agnes Soares da Silva, Vanessa Cristina de Oliveira Souza, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Fernando Barbosa, Maria Regina Alves Cardoso
In Brazil, there are scarce data on lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) contamination, especially for more vulnerable populations such as preschool children. In this paper, we answer two questions: (1) What are the exposure levels of lead and cadmium in preschool children, in Sao Paulo, Brazil? and (2) What are the risk factors associated with this exposure? This cross-sectional study included 50 day care centers (DCCs), totaling 2463 children aged 1-4 years. Venous blood samples were analyzed by ICP-MS. Questionnaires were administered to the parents...
May 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781981/national-patient-safety-program-in-brazil-incidents-reported-between-2014-and-2017
#3
Tássia Nery Faustino, Edenise Maria Santos da Silva Batalha, Silvana Lima Vieira, Andressa Garcia Nicole, Alexandre Souza Morais, Daisy Maria Rizatto Tronchin, Marta Maria Melleiro
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the patient safety incidents reported to the Brazilian National Health Surveillance System from March 2014 to March 2017. METHOD: A documentary study that used the records of the incidents published in the Reports of Adverse Events (AE) in Brazil. The following variables were selected: number of incidents by type, type of health service, hospital unit, and degree of harm. To find whether there was a significant difference across the Brazilian regions by notifications related to general incidents, AE, and deaths, the analysis of variance and the Tukey tests were used...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781429/turning-climate-change-legislation-into-public-health-policy
#4
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781417/gender-differences-in-the-association-between-marital-status-and-hypertension-in-ghana
#5
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire, Harold Ayetey
SummaryHypertension is a significant contributor to the global burden of cardiovascular and related target organ diseases such as heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke and kidney failure, and their associated premature morbidity, mortality and disability. Marital status is an important social characteristic known to predict a range of health outcomes including cardiovascular disease. However, little is known about its impact on hypertension in sub-Saharan Africa. This study explored the relationship between marital status and hypertension among women and men in Ghana...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781212/routinely-collected-infant-feeding-data-time-for-global-action
#6
Heather Whitford, Pat Hoddinott, Lisa H Amir, Catherine Chamberlain, Christine E East, Leanne Jones, Mary J Renfrew
The importance of breastfeeding is clear. However, global action to support breastfeeding is hindered by the lack of reliable standard data, which continues to impede progress. Routinely collected data can monitor the effectiveness of health policy, evaluate interventions, and enhance international research collaboration and comparisons. Use of routine data to support effective public health initiatives such as smoking cessation has been demonstrated. However, the data collected about infant feeding practices worldwide is inconsistent in timing, methods, definitions, detail, storage, and consistency...
May 21, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780760/has-the-janani-suraksha-yojana-a-conditional-maternity-benefit-transfer-scheme-succeeded-in-reducing-the-economic-burden-of-maternity-in-rural-india-evidence-from-the-varanasi-district-of-uttar-pradesh
#7
Saradiya Mukherjee, Aditya Singh
Background: One of the constraints in the utilisation of maternal healthcare in India is the out-of-pocket expenditure. To improve the utilisation and to reduce the out-of-pocket expenditure, India launched a cash incentive scheme, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), which provides monetary incentive to the mothers delivering in public facility. However, no study has yet examined the extent to which the JSY payments reduce the maternal healthcare induced catastrophic out-of-pocket expenditure burden of the households...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779547/policy-pathways-to-address-provider-workforce-barriers-to-buprenorphine-treatment
#8
Rebecca L Haffajee, Amy S B Bohnert, Pooja A Lagisetty
At least 2.3 million people in the U.S. have an opioid use disorder, less than 40% of whom receive evidence-based treatment. Buprenorphine used as part of medication-assisted treatment has high potential to address this gap because of its approval for use in non-specialty outpatient settings, effectiveness at promoting abstinence, and cost effectiveness. However, less than 4% of licensed physicians are approved to prescribe buprenorphine for opioid use disorder, and approximately 47% of counties lack a buprenorphine-waivered physician...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779546/state-legislative-approach-to-enumerating-behavioral-health-workforce-shortages-lessons-learned-in-new-mexico
#9
Deborah B Altschul, Caroline A Bonham, Martha J Faulkner, Amy W Farnbach Pearson, Jessica Reno, Wayne Lindstrom, Shelley M Alonso-Marsden, Annette Crisanti, Julie G Salvador, Richard Larson
Nationally, the behavioral health workforce is in crisis because of a lack of resources, culturally responsive services, quality clinical supervision, sufficient training in evidence-based practices, and targeted recruitment and retention. Disparities in access to behavioral health care are particularly significant in New Mexico, where 25% of the population live in rural areas, and behavioral health shortages are among the highest in the nation. Additionally, as a Medicaid expansion state, New Mexico providers experience increased demand for services at a time when the state is challenged with limited workforce capacity...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779545/counseling-psychological-and-social-services-staffing-policies-in-u-s-school-districts
#10
Nancy Brener, Zewditu Demissie
INTRODUCTION: Schools are in a unique position to meet the mental and behavioral health needs of children and adolescents because approximately 95% of young people aged 7-17 years attend school. Little is known, however, about policies related to counseling, psychological, and social services staffing in school districts. This study analyzed the prevalence of such policies in public school districts in the U.S. METHODS: Data from four cycles (2000, 2006, 2012, and 2016) of the School Health Policies and Practices Study, a national survey periodically conducted to assess policies and practices for ten components of school health, were analyzed in 2017...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779494/not-so-sweet-refrain-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes-industry-opposition-and-harnessing-the-lessons-learned-from-tobacco-control-legal-challenges
#11
Anita George
As a growing number of countries implement, or announce plans to introduce, a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax, this paper explores the public health rationale for such a tax and provides an overview of the international normative and policy instruments supporting the introduction of fiscal measures on sugary drinks. After examining parallels between the legal arguments raised by the food and beverage industry in opposition to SSB taxes and those raised by the tobacco industry in response to tobacco control measures, this paper draws four key lessons that will assist countries to design effective and robust SSB tax measures and counter food and beverage industry opposition: regulatory distinctions in tax coverage should be based on bona fide, evidence-based reasoning; evidence-based measures need to be tailored to a country's public health objectives as part of a comprehensive strategy to address unhealthy diet consumption; procedural requirements and due process should be observed in the drafting and implementation of the measure; and regulatory space exists within domestic constitutions, laws and international trade and investment agreements recognising the sovereign right of states to regulate in the interests of public health...
May 21, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779301/updates-on-aaa-screening-and-surveillance
#12
Mayo Theivendran, Jason Chuen
BACKGROUND: Screening and diagnostic surveillance of latent conditions have a profound impact on public healthcare expenditure and clinical outcomes. Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) remains one of the hallmark pathologies in vascular surgery and an area of intense research interest. OBJECTIVE: This article is the second of two that will outline current areas of controversy and research in AAA disease in order to support a more detailed understanding of issues in managing patients with this condition, and inform the development of Australasian clinical guidelines and health policy...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779141/socioeconomic-factors-and-individual-lifestyles-influencing-the-incidence-of-patella-fractures-a-national-population-based-survey-in-china
#13
Yanbin Zhu, Song Liu, Wei Chen, Lin Wang, Xiaolin Zhang, Yingze Zhang
BACKGROUND: We aimed to do a national survey on the population-based incidence of patella fractures and related risk factors fracture in China. METHODS: All the data on patella fractures were available from the China National Fracture Survey (CNFS) between January and May in 2015. And in the CNFS, all eligible household members were selected from 24 urban cities and 24 rural counties of eight provinces of China, with stratified random sampling and the probability proportional to size method used...
May 19, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778514/conditional-admission-religious-exemption-type-and-nonmedical-vaccine-exemptions-in-california-before-and-after-a-state-policy-change
#14
Alison M Buttenheim, Malia Jones, Caitlin Mckown, Daniel Salmon, Saad B Omer
Recent measles and pertussis outbreaks in the US have focused national attention on state laws governing exemptions from mandatory vaccines for school entry. After several years of increases in nonmedical exemptions in California, the state assembly passed Assembly Bill 2109 in 2012, making nonmedical exemptions more difficult to obtain by requiring parents to obtain a signature from a health care provider. We used data from the California Department of Public Health to describe changes in the overall prevalence of personal belief exemptions and compositional changes in immunization status for the school years 2012-2013 through 2015-2016...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778296/the-utility-of-twitter-as-a-tool-for-increasing-reach-of-research-on-sexual-violence
#15
Christine Wekerle, Negar Vakili, Sherry H Stewart, Tara Black
Researchers in violence prevention areas seek to disseminate work for impact to practice and policy. Knowledge transfer, exchange, and mobilization are common terms for research knowledge utilization where public communication platforms are playing an increasing role, having unique capacity to connect stakeholders in advocacy and lived experience, academia, non-governmental organizations, government-supported organizations, such as child welfare, and research funding bodies. Social networking platforms provide a communication intervention opportunity to test the effectiveness of the research reach...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#16
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777749/burden-of-liver-disease-in-europe-epidemiology-and-analysis-of-risk-factors-to-identify-prevention-policies
#17
REVIEW
Laura Pimpin, Helena Cortez-Pinto, Francesco Negro, Emily Corbould, Jeffrey V Lazarus, Laura Webber, Nick Sheron
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The burden of liver disease in Europe continues to grow. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of liver diseases and their risk factors in European countries, and identify public health interventions that could impact on these risk factors to reduce the burden of liver disease. METHODS: As part of the HEPAHEALTH project, commissioned by EASL, we extracted information on historical and current prevalence and mortality from national and international literature and databases on liver disease in 35 countries in the WHO European region, as well as historical and recent prevalence data on their main determinants; alcohol consumption, obesity and hepatitis B and C virus infections...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777650/modeling-dengue-vector-population-using-remotely-sensed-data-and-machine-learning
#18
Juan M Scavuzzo, Francisco Trucco, Manuel Espinosa, Carolina B Tauro, Marcelo Abril, Carlos M Scavuzzo, Alejandro C Frery
Mosquitoes are vectors of many human diseases. In particular, Aedes ægypti (Linnaeus) is the main vector for Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika viruses in Latin America and it represents a global threat. Public health policies that aim at combating this vector require dependable and timely information, which is usually expensive to obtain with field campaigns. For this reason, several efforts have been done to use remote sensing due to its reduced cost. The present work includes the temporal modeling of the oviposition activity (measured weekly on 50 ovitraps in a north Argentinean city) of Aedes ægypti (Linnaeus), based on time series of data extracted from operational earth observation satellite images...
May 16, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777497/assessing-the-external-benefits-of-contaminated-soil-remediation-in-korea-a-choice-experiment-study
#19
Seul-Ye Lim, Hyo-Jin Kim, Seung-Hoon Yoo
Korean government has made and will continue to make a considerable investment in contaminated soil remediation to rectify the problems that arise from soil pollution. Quantitative information on the benefits of contaminated soil remediation is widely demanded by the public as well as the government. This article aims to assess the external benefits of contaminated soil remediation. A survey of 1000 randomly selected households was undertaken in Korea. The results show that the marginal willingness to pay values for a 1% decrease in human health hazard, a 1% improvement in biodiversity restoration, and 1000 new job creation by contaminated soil remediation are estimated to be KRW 204 (USD 0...
May 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777463/considerations-that-will-determine-if-competency-based-assessment-is-a-sustainable-innovation
#20
W Dale Dauphinee, John R Boulet, John J Norcini
Educational assessment for the health professions has seen a major attempt to introduce competency based frameworks. As high level policy developments, the changes were intended to improve outcomes by supporting learning and skills development. However, we argue that previous experiences with major innovations in assessment offer an important road map for developing and refining assessment innovations, including careful piloting and analyses of their measurement qualities and impacts. Based on the literature, numerous assessment workshops, personal interactions with potential users, and our 40 years of experience in implementing assessment change, we lament the lack of a coordinated approach to clarify and improve measurement qualities and functionality of competency based assessment (CBA)...
May 18, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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