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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818627/cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-association-between-bedtime-and-malaria-exposure-in-the-ouest-and-sud-est-departments-of-haiti
#1
Caroline J Stephenson, Matthew E Rossheim, Cara L Frankenfeld, Jacques Boncy, Bernard O Okech, Michael E von Fricken
INTRODUCTION: The governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic have a binational agreement to work towards malaria elimination for the island of Hispaniola by the year 2020. Understanding malaria-related knowledge and behaviors can help inform elimination efforts. This study examined the association between social-behavioral factors, like bedtime and bed net ownership, with malaria seroconversion status among people in the Ouest and Sud-Est departments of Haiti. METHODS: In 2013, cross-sectional survey data (n=377) and blood samples were collected from a convenience sample of individuals within community, clinic and school settings...
August 14, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770992/in-silico-screening-of-two-dimensional-separation-selectivity-for-ion-chromatography-%C3%A3-capillary-electrophoresis-separation-of-low-molecular-mass-organic-acids
#2
Leila Ranjbar, Mohammad Talebi, Paul Raymond Haddad, Soo Hyun Park, Joan Marc Cabot, Min Zhang, Petr Smejkal, Joe P Foley, Michael C Breadmore
A prerequisite for ordered two-dimensional (2D) separations and full utilisation of the enhanced 2D peak capacity is selec-tive exploitation of the sample attributes, described as sample dimensionality. In order to take sample dimensionality into account prior to optimisation of a 2D separation, a new concept based on construction of 2D separation selectivity maps is proposed and demonstrated for ion chromatography × capillary electrophoresis (IC×CE) separation of low-molecular-mass organic acids as test analytes...
August 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713806/ventanillas-de-salud-a-collaborative-and-binational-health-access-and-preventive-care-program
#3
Maria Gudelia Rangel Gomez, Josana Tonda, G Rogelio Zapata, Michael Flynn, Francesca Gany, Juanita Lara, Ilan Shapiro, Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales
While individuals of Mexican origin are the largest immigrant group living in the U.S., this population is also the highest uninsured. Health disparities related to access to health care, among other social determinants, continue to be a challenge for this population. The government of Mexico, in an effort to address these disparities and improve the quality of life of citizens living abroad, has partnered with governmental and non-governmental health-care organizations in the U.S. by developing and implementing an initiative known as Ventanillas de Salud-Health Windows-(VDS)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713804/facilitating-and-inhibiting-factors-of-sexual-behavior-among-migrants-in-transition-from-mexico-to-the-united-states
#4
Jesús Alejandro Guerra-Ordoñez, Raquel A Benavides-Torres, Rogelio Zapata-Garibay, Dora Julia Onofre-Rodríguez, María Aracely Márquez-Vega, Gabriela Zamora-Carmona
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in the border region of Mexico due to the flow of migrants under desperate conditions, encouraging casual and unprotected sex. Since this has become a binational public health problem, it is important to understand the factors that predict these sexual behaviors. The aim of the current study was to investigate the facilitators and inhibitors of transition in the sexual behavior of migrants from two border regions on the Mexico-United States (US) border...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612950/the-paediatric-cataract-register-pecare-an-overview-of-operated-childhood-cataract-in-sweden-and-denmark
#5
Gunilla Magnusson, Birgitte Haargaard, Saima Basit, Anna Lundvall, Alf Nyström, Annika Rosensvärd, Kristina Tornqvist
AIM: To report basic epidemiological data concerning surgically treated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark. METHODS: Data were derived from the Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE), a binational, web-based surgical register representing Sweden and Denmark. All children operated before 8 years of age between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013 were included. Age-specific prevalence per 100 000 population was calculated. RESULTS: A total 574 operations in 213 boys (51...
June 14, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596953/tuberculosis-treatment-completion-in-a-united-states-mexico-binational-context
#6
Celina I Valencia, Kacey Ernst, Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a salient public health issue along the U.S./Mexico border. This study seeks to identify the social and structural factors, which are associated with TB disease burden in the binational geographic region. Identification of barriers of treatment completion provides the necessary framework for developing evidence-based interventions that are culturally relevant and context specific for the U.S./Mexico border region. METHODS: Retrospective study of data extracted from medical charts (n = 439) from Yuma County Health Department (YCHD) (n = 160) and Centro de Salud San Luis Río Colorado (n = 279)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584960/qualitative-study-of-latino-cancer-patient-perspectives-on-care-access-and-continuity-in-a-rural-u-s-mexico-border-region
#7
Eunjeong Ko, María Luisa Zúñiga, Helen Palomino, Diana Peacher, Mercedes Watson
Access to quality cancer care for cancer patients living in the rural U.S.-Mexico border region is complex due to common binational health care-seeking behaviors and regional socio-economic and cultural characteristics. But little is known about the challenges border dwelling residents face when navigating their cancer care systems. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 cancer patients in Southern California. Thematic analysis was applied to identify patterns of meaning in the data. Emerging themes were: (1) delays in cancer care coordination: (a) poor coordination of cancer care (b) U...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497298/erratum-to-changing-places-changing-plates-a-binational-comparison-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthful-eating-among-central-american-communities
#8
Melissa Fuster, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424997/changing-places-changing-plates-a-binational-comparison-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthful-eating-among-central-american-communities
#9
Melissa Fuster, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos
To understand the process by which immigrants adopt dietary practices, this study offers a binational comparison of factors that predispose, enable, and reinforce healthful eating in the sending and receiving countries. Data are from two qualitative studies that examined barriers and facilitators to healthful eating in El Salvador (four focus groups, n = 28 adults) and in the US (30 in-depth interviews n = 15 mothers recently migrated from Central America). There was a strong emphasis on hygiene and vitamin-content of foods among participants in El Salvador...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406813/effects-of-hypercapnia-and-hypercapnic-acidosis-on-hospital-mortality-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ravindranath Tiruvoipati, David Pilcher, Hergen Buscher, John Botha, Michael Bailey
OBJECTIVES: Lung-protective ventilation is used to prevent further lung injury in patients on invasive mechanical ventilation. However, lung-protective ventilation can cause hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis. There are no large clinical studies evaluating the effects of hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis in patients requiring mechanical ventilation. DESIGN: Multicenter, binational, retrospective study aimed to assess the impact of compensated hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis in patients receiving mechanical ventilation...
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401723/the-clinical-academic-workforce-in-australia-and-new-zealand-report-on-the-second-binational-summit-to-implement-a-sustainable-training-pathway
#11
John Windsor, Tamsin Garrod, Nicholas J Talley, Carmel Tebbutt, James Churchill, Elizabeth Farmer, Louise Baur, Julian A Smith
There has been a decline in the proportion of clinical academics compared with full-time clinicians, since 2004. A Working Party was established to help develop and implement a model for the training of clinical academics. After a highly successful first summit in 2014 that summarised the challenges faced by clinical academics in Australia and New Zealand, a second summit was convened late in 2015 to report on progress and to identify key areas for further action. The second summit provided survey results that identified the varied training pathways currently offered to clinical academics and the institutions willing to be involved in developing improved pathways...
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369535/the-production-of-glial-cell-line-derived-neurotrophic-factor-by-human-sertoli-cells-is-substantially-reduced-in-sertoli-cell-only-testes
#12
D Singh, D A Paduch, P N Schlegel, K E Orwig, A Mielnik, A Bolyakov, W W Wright
STUDY QUESTION: Do human Sertoli cells in testes that exhibit the Sertoli cell-only (SCO) phenotype produce substantially less glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) than Sertoli cells in normal testes? SUMMARY ANSWER: In human SCO testes, both the amounts of GDNF mRNA per testis and the concentration of GDNF protein per Sertoli cell are markedly reduced as compared to normal testes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In vivo, GDNF is required to sustain the numbers and function of mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) and their immediate progeny, transit-amplifying progenitor spermatogonia...
May 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314498/exploring-social-justice-in-mixed-divided-cities-from-local-to-global-learning
#13
Corey Shdaimah, Jane Lipscomb, Roni Strier, Dassi Postan-Aizik, Susan Leviton, Jody Olsen
BACKGROUND: University of Haifa and the University of Maryland, Baltimore faculty developed a parallel binational, interprofessional American-Israeli course which explores social justice in the context of increasing urban, local, and global inequities. OBJECTIVES: This article describes the course's innovative approach to critically examine how social justice is framed in mixed/divided cities from different professional perspectives (social work, health, law). Participatory methods such as photo-voice, experiential learning, and theatre of the oppressed provide students with a shared language and multiple media to express and problematize their own and others' understanding of social (in)justice and to imagine social change...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292567/images-of-suffering-depicted-in-diaries-of-family-caregivers-in-the-acute-stage-of-necrotising-soft-tissue-infection-a-content-analysis
#14
Ingrid Egerod, Annette E Andersson, Ann-Mari Fagerdahl, Vibeke E Knudsen
OBJECTIVES: Severe necrotising soft tissue infections (NSTI) are rare life threatening rapidly progressing bacterial infections requiring immediate diagnosis and treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the experience of family caregivers of patients with necrotising soft tissue infection during the acute stage of disease. METHODS: Our study had a qualitative descriptive binational design using qualitative content analysis to explore diaries written by close family members (n=15)...
March 11, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225817/binational-climate-change-vulnerability-assessment-of-migratory-birds-in-the-great-lakes-basins-tools-and-impediments
#15
Robert S Rempel, Megan L Hornseth
Climate change is a global concern, requiring international strategies to reduce emissions, however, climate change vulnerability assessments are often local in scope with assessment areas restricted to jurisdictional boundaries. In our study we explored tools and impediments to understanding and responding to the effects of climate change on vulnerability of migratory birds from a binational perspective. We apply and assess the utility of a Climate Change Vulnerability Index on 3 focal species using distribution or niche modeling frameworks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182061/intraoperative-squash-cytology-and-histology-of-giant-cell-ependymoma-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#16
Ebru Cakir, Ulku Kucuk, Ayca Ersen, Emel E Pala, Mehmet Senoglu, Ali O Binatli, Zubeyde Yildirim
Giant cell ependymomas (GCE) are extremely rare tumors, with 24 cases described in the literature. Squash cytology is a rapid, reliable, simple technique for intraoperative consultation in neurosurgical practice. We describe a rare case of GCE arising at level of L4-L5 in a 66-year-old woman and discuss the cytologic/histologic features. Intraoperative smears were highly cellular with a prominent fibrillary background and exhibited papillary structures and sheets composed of highly atypical and bizarre cells...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103933/quantification-of-myocardial-deformation-in-children-by-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-feature-tracking-determination-of-reference-values-for-left-ventricular-strain-and-strain-rate
#17
Florian André, Daniëlle Robbers-Visser, Astrid Helling-Bakki, Angela Föll, Andreas Voss, Hugo A Katus, Willem A Helbing, Sebastian J Buss, Joachim G Eichhorn
BACKGROUND: The objective assessment of global and regional cardiac function in children has shown to be clinically relevant but is challenging to conduct. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a valuable diagnostic modality especially in patients with cardiomyopathy or congenital heart disease. However, data on the normal cardiac deformation in children assessed by CMR is lacking at present. Thus, the aim of this study was to provide reference values for cardiac strain and strain rate in children and adolescents derived from CMR feature tracking (FT) measurements...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099548/teledermatology-in-tijuana-mexico
#18
Megan Brown
The Health Frontiers in Tijuana (HFiT) clinic is a binational partnership between the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine (San Diego, California); the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California School of Medicine (Tijuana, Mexico); and Desayunador Salesiano Padre Chava, a community grassroots organization in Tijuana, Mexico. Health Frontiers in Tijuana provides accessible quality health care for the underserved in Tijuana's Zona Norte. This article is a narrative meant to share my clinical experience as a dermatology resident who worked with HFiT to establish teledermatology services at this clinic...
December 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087468/smoking-selectivity-among-mexican-immigrants-to-the-united-states-using-binational-data-1999-2012
#19
Nancy L Fleischer, Annie Ro, Georgiana Bostean
Mexican immigrants have lower smoking rates than US-born Mexicans, which some scholars attribute to health selection-that individuals who migrate are healthier and have better health behaviors than their non-migrant counterparts. Few studies have examined smoking selectivity using binational data and none have assessed whether selectivity remains constant over time. This study combined binational data from the US and Mexico to examine: 1) the extent to which recent Mexican immigrants (<10years) in the US are selected with regard to cigarette smoking compared to non-migrants in Mexico, and 2) whether smoking selectivity varied between 2000 and 2012-a period of declining tobacco use in Mexico and the US...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001094/prevalence-of-substance-use-among-patients-of-community-health-centers-in-east-los-angeles-and-tijuana
#20
Lillian Gelberg, Guillermina Natera Rey, Ronald M Andersen, Miriam Arroyo, Ietza Bojorquez-Chapela, Melvin W Rico, Mani Vahidi, Julia Yacenda-Murphy, Lisa Arangua, Martin Serota
BACKGROUND: Given the increased use of psychoactive substances on the United States-Mexico border, a binational study (Tijuana, Mexico-Los Angeles, USA) was conducted to identify the prevalence of substance use in primary care settings. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence and characteristics of patients at risk for substance use disorders in Tijuana and East Los Angeles (LA) community clinics with special attention paid to drug use. METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional, analytical study, comparing substance use screening results from patients in Tijuana and LA...
December 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
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