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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894320/successful-malaria-elimination-in-the-ecuador-peru-border-region-epidemiology-and-lessons-learned
#1
Lyndsay K Krisher, Jesse Krisher, Mariano Ambuludi, Ana Arichabala, Efrain Beltrán-Ayala, Patricia Navarrete, Tania Ordoñez, Mark E Polhemus, Fernando Quintana, Rosemary Rochford, Mercy Silva, Juan Bazo, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: In recent years, malaria (Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum) has been successfully controlled in the Ecuador-Peru coastal border region. The aim of this study was to document this control effort and to identify the best practices and lessons learned that are applicable to malaria control and to other vector-borne diseases. A proximal outcome evaluation was conducted of the robust elimination programme in El Oro Province, Ecuador, and the Tumbes Region, Peru. Data collection efforts included a series of workshops with local public health experts who played central roles in the elimination effort, review of epidemiological records from Ministries of Health, and a review of national policy documents...
November 28, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856480/dysarthria-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-protocol-for-a-binational-cross-sectional-case-controlled-study-in-french-and-european-portuguese-fralusopark
#2
Serge Pinto, Rita Cardoso, Jasmin Sadat, Isabel Guimarães, Céline Mercier, Helena Santos, Cyril Atkinson-Clement, Joana Carvalho, Pauline Welby, Pedro Oliveira, Mariapaola D'Imperio, Sónia Frota, Alban Letanneux, Marina Vigario, Marisa Cruz, Isabel Pavão Martins, François Viallet, Joaquim J Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) have to deal with several aspects of voice and speech decline and thus alteration of communication ability during the course of the disease. Among these communication impairments, 3 major challenges include: (1) dysarthria, consisting of orofacial motor dysfunction and dysprosody, which is linked to the neurodegenerative processes; (2) effects of the pharmacological treatment, which vary according to the disease stage; and (3) particular speech modifications that may be language-specific, that is, dependent on the language spoken by the patients...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749342/subarachnoid-hemorrhage-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-multicenter-cohort-analysis-of-in-hospital-mortality-over-15-years
#3
Andrew A Udy, Chelsey Vladic, Edward Robert Saxby, Jeremy Cohen, Anthony Delaney, Oliver Flower, Matthew Anstey, Rinaldo Bellomo, David James Cooper, David V Pilcher
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to describe in-hospital mortality in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients requiring ICU admission. Secondary aims were to identify clinical characteristics associated with inferior outcomes, to compare subarachnoid hemorrhage mortality with other neurological diagnoses, and to explore the variability in subarachnoid hemorrhage standardized mortality ratios. DESIGN: Multicenter, binational, retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Data were extracted from the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation Adult Patient Database...
October 3, 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699620/influence-of-early-onset-of-alcohol-use-on-the-development-of-adolescent-alcohol-problems-a-longitudinal-binational-study
#4
Min Jung Kim, W Alex Mason, Todd I Herrenkohl, Richard F Catalano, John W Toumbourou, Sheryl A Hemphill
This study examined cross-national similarities in a developmental model linking early age of alcohol use onset to frequent drinking and heavy drinking and alcohol problems 1 and 2 years later in a binational sample of 13-year-old students from two states: Washington State, USA and Victoria, Australia (N = 1833). A range of individual, family, school, and peer influences was included in analyses to investigate their unique and shared contribution to development of early and more serious forms of alcohol use and harms from misuse...
October 3, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697404/comparison-of-canadian-and-swiss-surgical-training-curricula-moving-on-toward-competency-based-surgical-education
#5
Henry Hoffmann, Daniel Oertli, Robert Mechera, Salome Dell-Kuster, Rachel Rosenthal, Richard Reznick, Hugh MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: Quality of surgical training in the era of resident duty-hour restrictions (RDHR) is part of an ongoing debate. Most training elements are provided during surgical service. As exposure to surgical procedures is important but time-consuming, RDHR may affect quality of surgical training. Providing structured training elements may help to compensate for this shortcoming. DESIGN: This binational anonymous questionnaire-based study evaluates frequency, time, and structure of surgical training programs at 2 typical academic teaching hospitals with different RDHR...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685126/a-dosimetric-comparison-of-copper-and-cerrobend-electron-inserts
#6
Benjamin D Rusk, Robert L Carver, John P Gibbons, Kenneth R Hogstrom
The purpose of this work was to evaluate differences in dose resulting from the use of copper aperture inserts compared to lead-alloy (Cerrobend) aperture inserts for electron beam therapy. Specifically, this study examines if copper aperture inserts can be used clinically with the same commissioning data measured using lead-alloy aperture inserts. The copper inserts were acquired from .decimal, LLC and matching lead-alloy, Cerrobend inserts were constructed in-house for 32 com-binations of nine square insert field sizes (2 × 2 to 20 × 20 cm2) and five applicator sizes (6 × 6 to 25 × 25 cm2)...
2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594919/the-effects-of-being-habitually-barefoot-on-foot-mechanics-and-motor-performance-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-6-18-years-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study-barefoot-life-project
#7
Karsten Hollander, Babette C van der Zwaard, Johanna Elsabe de Villiers, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Ranel Venter, Astrid Zech
BACKGROUND: Barefoot locomotion has evoked an increasing scientific interest with a controversial debate about benefits and limitations of barefoot and simulated barefoot walking and running. While most current knowledge comes from cross sectional laboratory studies, the evolutionary perspective suggests the importance of investigating the long-term effects. Observing habitually barefoot populations could fill the current gap of missing high quality longitudinal studies. Therefore, the study described in this design paper aims to investigate the effects of being habitually barefoot on foot mechanics and motor performance of children and adolescents...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563710/q-a-trade-talk-binational-liaison
#8
Monya Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539913/organic-contamination-in-tree-swallow-tachycineta-bicolor-nestlings-at-united-states-and-binational-great-lakes-areas-of-concern
#9
Thomas W Custer, Christine M Custer, Paul M Dummer, Diana Goldberg, J Christian Franson, Richard A Erickson
Contaminant exposure of tree swallows, Tachycineta bicolor, nesting in 27 Areas of Concern (AOCs) in the Great Lakes basin was assessed from 2010 to 2014 to assist managers and regulators in their assessments of Great Lakes AOCs. Contaminant concentrations in nestlings from AOCs were compared with those in nestlings from nearby non-AOC sites. Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) and polybrominated diphenyl ether concentrations in tree swallow nestling carcasses at 30% and 33% of AOCs, respectively, were below the mean concentration for non-AOCs...
August 19, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524743/the-health-frontiers-in-tijuana-undergraduate-internship-program-a-novel-global-health-experience-in-mexico-for-pre-medical-pre-health-undergraduates
#10
Jose L Burgos, Daniel C Yee, Adriana Carolina Vargas-Ojeda, Victoria D Ojeda
We describe the creation of the Health Frontiers in Tijuana (HFiT) Undergraduate Internship Program (UIP), a novel global health experience for U.S. and Mexican undergraduate students based at the binational HFiT student-run free clinic. The UIP introduces students to a diverse underserved patient population, and U.S.-Mexico border public health.
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486564/educational-gradients-in-five-asian-immigrant-populations-do-country-of-origin-duration-and-generational-status-moderate-the-education-health-relationship
#11
Annie Ro, Arline Geronimus, John Bound, Derek Griffith, Gilbert Gee
Education usually shows a relationship with self-rated health such that those with highest education have the best health and those with lowest education have the worst health. We examine these educational gradients among Asian immigrants and whether they differ by country of origin, duration in the United States, and generational status. Migration theories suggest that recent immigrants from poorer countries should show a weaker relationship between education and health than US-born Whites. Acculturation theory further suggests that differences in gradients across country of origin should diminish for longer-term immigrants and the US-born and that these groups should display gradients similar to US-born Whites...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439324/multi-institutional-evaluation-of-digital-tomosynthesis-dual-energy-radiography-and-conventional-chest-radiography-for-the-detection-and-management-of-pulmonary-nodules
#12
James T Dobbins, H Page McAdams, John M Sabol, Dev P Chakraborty, Ella A Kazerooni, Gautham P Reddy, Jenny Vikgren, Magnus Båth
Purpose To conduct a multi-institutional, multireader study to compare the performance of digital tomosynthesis, dual-energy (DE) imaging, and conventional chest radiography for pulmonary nodule detection and management. Materials and Methods In this binational, institutional review board-approved, HIPAA-compliant prospective study, 158 subjects (43 subjects with normal findings) were enrolled at four institutions. Informed consent was obtained prior to enrollment. Subjects underwent chest computed tomography (CT) and imaging with conventional chest radiography (posteroanterior and lateral), DE imaging, and tomosynthesis with a flat-panel imaging device...
July 19, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435711/prevalence-and-correlates-of-needle-stick-injuries-among-active-duty-police-officers-in-tijuana-mexico
#13
María Luisa Mittal, Leo Beletsky, Efraín Patiño, Daniela Abramovitz, Teresita Rocha, Jaime Arredondo, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Gudelia Rangel, Steffanie A Strathdee
INTRODUCTION: Police officers are at an elevated risk for needle-stick injuries (NSI), which pose a serious and costly occupational health risk for HIV and viral hepatitis. However, research on NSIs among police officers is limited, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the legality of syringe possession in Mexico, half of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Tijuana report extrajudicial syringe-related arrests and confiscation by police, which has been associated with needle-sharing and HIV infection...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362854/burden-and-outcomes-of-severe-pertussis-infection-in-critically-ill-infants
#14
Lahn Straney, Andreas Schibler, Anusha Ganeshalingham, Janet Alexander, Marino Festa, Anthony Slater, Graeme MacLaren, Luregn J Schlapbach
OBJECTIVES: Despite World Health Organization endorsed immunization schedules, Bordetella pertussis continues to cause severe infections, predominantly in infants. There is a lack of data on the frequency and outcome of severe pertussis infections in infants requiring ICU admission. We aimed to describe admission rates, severity, mortality, and costs of pertussis infections in critically ill infants. DESIGN: Binational observational multicenter study. SETTING: Ten PICUs and 19 general ICUs in Australia and New Zealand contributing to the Australian and New Zealand Paediatric Intensive Care Registry...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196619/binational-dengue-outbreak-along-the-united-states-mexico-border-yuma-county-arizona-and-sonora-mexico-2014
#15
Jefferson M Jones, Benito Lopez, Laura Adams, Francisco Javier Navarro Gálvez, Alfredo Sánchez Núñez, Nubia Astrid Hernández Santillán, Lydia Plante, Ryan R Hemme, Mariana Casal, Elizabeth A Hunsperger, Jorge Muñoz-Jordan, Veronica Acevedo, Kacey Ernst, Mary Hayden, Steve Waterman, Diana Gomez, Tyler M Sharp, Kenneth K Komatsu
Dengue is an acute febrile illness caused by any of four dengue virus types (DENV-1-4). DENVs are transmitted by mosquitos of the genus Aedes (1) and are endemic throughout the tropics (2). In 2010, an estimated 390 million DENV infections occurred worldwide (2). During 2007-2013, a total of three to 10 dengue cases were reported annually in Arizona and all were travel-associated. During September-December 2014, coincident with a dengue outbreak in Sonora, Mexico, 93 travel-associated dengue cases were reported in Arizona residents; 70 (75%) cases were among residents of Yuma County, which borders San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora, Mexico...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187748/concentrations-and-spatial-patterns-of-organic-contaminants-in-tree-swallow-tachycineta-bicolor-eggs-at-united-states-and-binational-great-lakes-areas-of-concern-2010-2015
#16
Christine M Custer, Thomas W Custer, Paul M Dummer, Diana Goldberg, J Christian Franson
Tree swallows, Tachycineta bicolor, were sampled across the Great Lakes basin in 2010 through 2015 to provide a system-wide assessment of current exposure to organic contaminants. The results provide information identified as critical by regulators to assess the "bird or animal deformity or reproductive problems" beneficial use impairment. Eggs were collected from 69 sites across all 5 Great Lakes, including 27 Areas of Concern (AOCs), some with multiple sites, and 10 sites not listed as an AOC. Concentrations of organic contaminants in eggs were quantified and compared with background and reproductive effect thresholds...
May 17, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107021/best-practices-for-community-gardening-in-a-us-mexico-border-community
#17
Thenral Mangadu, Michael Kelly, Max C E Orezzoli, Rebecca Gallegos, Pracheta Matharasi
Minority communities such as those on the US-Mexico border are placed at disproportionate high risk for child and adult obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. A built environment characterized by an arid desert climate, lack of access to healthy foods, barriers to increasing physical activity, cultural and community norms which deter healthy eating and sustainable food production, shape obesity-related health disparities in these communities. Three pilot community gardens (implemented by two local governmental organizations and one community-based organization) were funded through the local Healthy Eating Active Living (HEAL) initiative in El Paso, Texas, and Las Cruces and Anthony, New Mexico (US-MX border communities with high obesity rates) in order to encourage healthy lifestyles among families in the region...
April 22, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981848/a-study-protocol-for-the-australasian-oncofertility-registry-monitoring-referral-patterns-and-the-uptake-quality-and-complications-of-fertility-preservation-strategies-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#18
Antoinette C Anazodo, Catharyn J Stern, Robert I McLachlan, Brigitte Gerstl, Franca Agresta, Richard J Cohn, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Claire E Wakefield, Genevieve Daly, Daisy Chan, Lorrae Gilbert, Matthew Kemertzis, Lisa M Orme, Handan Wand, Rosalie Viney, Lynn Gillam, Rebecca Deans, Murali Jetti, John Wu, Michael Chapman, William Ledger, Elizabeth A Sullivan
Improvements in cancer diagnosis and treatment in patients of a reproductive age have led to significant improvements in survival rates; however, a patient's fertility can be affected by both cancer and its treatment. As survival rates improve, there is an expectation by clinicians and patients that patient's reproductive potential should be considered and protected as much as possible. However, there is a lack of data about current fertility preservation (FP) uptake as well as accurate data on the acute or permanent reproductive risks of cancer treatment, complications of FP in cancer patients, and the use and success of assisted reproductive technology by cancer survivors...
September 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968024/a-binational-multicenter-pilot-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial-of-early-goal-directed-mobilization-in-the-icu
#19
Carol L Hodgson, Michael Bailey, Rinaldo Bellomo, Susan Berney, Heidi Buhr, Linda Denehy, Belinda Gabbe, Megan Harrold, Alisa Higgins, Theodore J Iwashyna, Rebecca Papworth, Rachael Parke, Shane Patman, Jeffrey Presneill, Manoj Saxena, Elizabeth Skinner, Claire Tipping, Paul Young, Steven Webb
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the early goal-directed mobilization intervention could be delivered to patients receiving mechanical ventilation with increased maximal levels of activity compared with standard care. DESIGN: A pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Five ICUs in Australia and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty critically ill adults mechanically ventilated for greater than 24 hours. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned to either early goal-directed mobilization (intervention) or to standard care (control)...
June 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942559/ultrafast-dynamics-of-hole-injection-and-recombination-in-organometal-halide-perovskite-using-nickel-oxide-as-p-type-contact-electrode
#20
Alice Corani, Ming-Hsien Li, Po-Shen Shen, Peter Chen, Tzung-Fang Guo, Amal El Nahhas, Kaibo Zheng, Arkady Yartsev, Villy Sundström, Carlito S Ponseca
There is a mounting effort to use nickel oxide (NiO) as p-type selective electrode for organometal halide perovskite-based solar cells. Recently, an overall power conversion efficiency using this hole acceptor has reached 18%. However, ultrafast spectroscopic investigations on the mechanism of charge injection as well as recombination dynamics have yet to be studied and understood. Using time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy, we show that hole transfer is complete on the subpicosecond time scale, driven by the favorable band alignment between the valence bands of perovskite and NiO nanoparticles (NiO(np))...
April 7, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
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