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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743230/proactive-strategies-to-address-health-equity-and-disparities-recommendations-from-a-bi-national-symposium
#1
Jeannie Haggerty, Marshall H Chin, Alan Katz, Kue Young, Jonathan Foley, Antoine Groulx, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, Jeff Turnbull, Jennifer E DeVoe, Uche Uchendo
INTRODUCTION: Health inequities persist in Canada and the United States. Both countries show differential health status and health care quality by social characteristics, making zip or postal code a greater predictor of health than genetics. Many social determinants of health overlap in the same individuals or communities, exacerbating their vulnerability. Many of the contributing factors and problems are structural and evade simple solutions. METHODS: In March 2017 a binational Canada-US symposium was held in Washington DC involving 150 primary care thought leaders, including clinicians, researchers, patients, and policy makers to address transformation in integrated primary care...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743214/advancing-primary-care-through-alternative-payment-models-lessons-from-the-united-states-canada
#2
Andrew Bazemore, Robert L Phillips, Richard Glazier, Joshua Tepper
The United States and Canada share high costs, poor health system performance, and challenges to the transformation of primary care, in part due to the limitations of their fee-for-service payment models. Rapidly advancing alternative payment models (APMs) in both countries promise better support for the essential tasks of primary care. These include interdisciplinary teams, care coordination, self-management support, and ongoing communication. This article reviews learnings from a 2017 binational symposium of 150 experts in policy and research that included a discussion of ongoing APM experiments in the United States and Canada...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713247/are-men-s-misogynistic-attitudes-associated-with-poor-mental-health-and-substance-use-behaviors-an-exploratory-study-of-men-in-tijuana-mexico
#3
Paul J Fleming, Thomas L Patterson, Claudia V Chavarin, Shirley J Semple, Carlos Magis-Rodriguez, Eileen V Pitpitan
Men's misogynistic attitudes (i.e., dislike or contempt for women) have been shown to be associated with men's perpetration of physical/sexual violence against women and poor health outcomes for women. However, these attitudes have rarely been examined for their influence on men's own health. This paper examines the socio-demographic, substance use, and mental health correlates of misogynistic attitudes among a binational sample of men (n=400) in Tijuana, Mexico with high-risk substance use and sexual behaviors...
April 2018: Psychology of Men & Masculinity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683079/the-link-between-domestic-violence-and-abuse-and-animal-cruelty-in-the-intimate-relationships-of-people-of-diverse-genders-and-or-sexualities-a-binational-study
#4
Damien W Riggs, Nik Taylor, Heather Fraser, Catherine Donovan, Tania Signal
Over the past three decades, a growing body of research has focused on experiences of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) among people of diverse genders and/or sexualities. Missing, however, has been a focus on what is known as "the link" between DVA and animal cruelty with regard to people of diverse genders and/or sexualities. The present article reports on a study of 503 people living in either Australia or the United Kingdom, who reported on both their intimate human relationships and their relationships with animals, including relationships that were abusive...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665981/endotracheal-suction-in-intensive-care-a-point-prevalence-study-of-current-practice-in-new-zealand-and-australia
#5
Eileen Gilder, Rachael L Parke, Andrew Jull
BACKGROUND: Despite the evidence and available guidelines about endotracheal suction (ETS), a discrepancy between published guidelines and clinical practice persists. To date, ETS practice in the adult intensive care unit (ICU) population across New Zealand and Australia has not been described. OBJECTIVE: To describe ICU nurses' ETS practice in New Zealand and Australia including the triggers for performing endotracheal suction. METHODS: A single day, prospective observational, binational, multicentre point prevalence study in New Zealand and Australian ICUs...
April 14, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583124/dynamical-stability-of-the-one-dimensional-rigid-brownian-rotator-the-role-of-the-rotator-s-spatial-size-and-shape
#6
Jasmina Jeknic-Dugic, Igor Petrovic, Momir Arsenijevic, Miroljub Dugic
We investigate dynamical stability of a single propeller-like
 shaped molecular cogwheel modelled as the fixed-axis rigid rotator. In the
 realistic situations, rotation of the finite-size cogwheel is subject of the envi-
 ronmentally-induced Brownian-motion effect that we describe by utilizing the
 quantum Caldeira-Leggett master equation. Assuming the initially narrow
 (classical-like) standard deviations for the angle and the angular momentum
 of the rotator, we investigate dynamics of the first and second moments de-
 pending on the size, i...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572587/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-nas-in-southwestern-border-states-examining-trends-population-correlates-and-implications-for-policy
#7
Khaleel S Hussaini, Luigi F Garcia Saavedra
Introduction Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is withdrawal syndrome in newborns following birth and is primarily caused by maternal drug use during pregnancy. This study examines trends, population correlates, and policy implications of NAS in two Southwest border states. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional analysis of Hospital Inpatient Discharge Data (HIDD) was utilized to examine the incidence of NAS in the Southwest border states of Arizona (AZ) and New Mexico (NM). All inpatient hospital births in AZ and NM from January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2013 with ICD9-CM codes for NAS (779...
March 23, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570435/development-of-a-surveillance-definition-for-united-states-mexico-binational-cases-of-tuberculosis
#8
Rachel S Yelk Woodruff, Mark C Miner, Roque Miramontes
OBJECTIVES: Consistently collected binational surveillance data are important in advocating for resources to manage and treat binational cases of tuberculosis (TB). The objective of this study was to develop a surveillance definition for binational (United States-Mexico) cases of TB to assess the burden on US TB program resources. METHODS: We collaborated with state and local TB program staff members in the United States to identify characteristics associated with binational cases of TB...
March 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554187/association-of-hypercapnia-and-hypercapnic-acidosis-with-clinical-outcomes-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-with-cerebral-injury
#9
Ravindranath Tiruvoipati, David Pilcher, John Botha, Hergen Buscher, Robert Simister, Michael Bailey
Importance: Clinical studies investigating the effects of hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis in acute cerebral injury are limited. The studies performed so far have mainly focused on the outcomes in relation to the changes in partial pressure of carbon dioxide and pH in isolation and have not evaluated the effects of partial pressure of carbon dioxide and pH in conjunction. Objective: To review the association of compensated hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis during the first 24 hours of intensive care unit admission on hospital mortality in adult mechanically ventilated patients with cerebral injury...
March 19, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524053/reproductive-success-and-contaminant-associations-in-tree-swallows-tachycineta-bicolor-used-to-assess-a-beneficial-use-impairment-in-u-s-and-binational-great-lakes-areas-of-concern
#10
Christine M Custer, Thomas W Custer, Matthew A Etterson, Paul M Dummer, Diana Goldberg, J Christian Franson
During 2010-2014, tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) reproductive success was monitored at 68 sites across all 5 Great Lakes, including 58 sites located within Great Lakes Areas of Concern (AOCs) and 10 non-AOCs. Sample eggs were collected from tree swallow clutches and analyzed for contaminants including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins and furans, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and 34 other organic compounds. Contaminant data were available for 360 of the clutches monitored. Markov chain multistate modeling was used to assess the importance of 5 ecological variables and 11 of the dominant contaminants in explaining the pattern of egg and nestling failure rates...
May 2018: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521824/risk-factors-associated-with-circumferential-resection-margin-positivity-in-rectal-cancer-a-binational-registry-study
#11
Satish K Warrier, Joseph Cherng Kong, Glen R Guerra, Timothy J Chittleborough, Arun Naik, Robert G Ramsay, A Craig Lynch, Alexander G Heriot
BACKGROUND: Rectal cancer outcomes have improved with the adoption of a multidisciplinary model of care. However, there is a spectrum of quality when viewed from a national perspective, as highlighted by the Consortium for Optimizing the Treatment of Rectal Cancer data on rectal cancer care in the United States. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and identify predictors of circumferential resection margin involvement for rectal cancer across Australasia...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494170/bi-national-cross-validation-of-an-evidence-based-conduct-problem-prevention-model
#12
Carolyn M Porta, Michael L Bloomquist, Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Rafael Gutiérrez, Leticia Vega, Rosita Balch, Xiaohui Yu, Daniel K Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To (a) explore the preferences of Mexican parents and Spanish-speaking professionals working with migrant Latino families in Minnesota regarding the Mexican-adapted brief model versus the original conduct problems intervention and (b) identifying the potential challenges, and preferred solutions, to implementation of a conduct problems preventive intervention. METHOD: The core practice elements of a conduct problems prevention program originating in the United States were adapted for prevention efforts in Mexico...
April 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413724/characteristics-incidence-and-outcome-of-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-unit-with-guillain-barre-syndrome-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#13
Paolo Ancona, Michael Bailey, Rinaldo Bellomo
PURPOSE: To describe characteristics, incidence and outcome of patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) admitted to ICU. METHODS: We conducted a binational, retrospective, observational, epidemiological study. We compared the baseline characteristics, physiological conditions and outcomes for GBS patients with or without mechanical ventilation (MV) and of survivors and non-survivors. RESULTS: We studied 711 patients admitted to 173 ICUs between 2005 and 2015...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385457/cross-sectional-study-of-characteristics-of-clinical-registries-in-australia-a-resource-for-clinicians-and-policy-makers
#14
Dewan Md Emdadul Hoque, Rasa Ruseckaite, Paula Lorgelly, John J McNeil, Sue M Evans
Objectives: To investigate the attributes of Australian clinical quality registries (CQR). Design and setting: Survey of 40 CQRs between September 2015 and April 2016. Participants: CQR lead investigators/project managers. Intervention: None. Main outcome measures: Registry organization, geographical coverage, data quality, management, characteristics, output and outcomes. Results: Of those who responded (34/40; 85...
April 1, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243564/deportation-of-non-citizen-military-veterans-a-critical-analysis-of-implications-for-the-right-to-health
#15
Danielle Horyniak, Ietza Bojorquez, Richard F Armenta, Peter J Davidson
Military personnel are commonly exposed to health-harming conditions during their service, resulting in higher rates of physical and mental health conditions compared with the general population. In an era of mass deportations, it is notable that non-citizen military veterans are not exempt from deportation. We utilised a human rights framework to conduct a critical analysis of potential health consequences of deportation for U.S. military veterans, identifying three ways in which veterans' rights to health may be constrained through deportation...
December 15, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232508/programmable-payload-release-from-transient-polymer-microcapsules-triggered-by-a-specific-ion-coactivation-effect
#16
Shijia Tang, Liuyan Tang, Xiaocun Lu, Huiying Liu, Jeffrey S Moore
Stimuli-responsive materials activated by a pair of molecular or ionic species are of interest in the design of chemical logic gates and signal amplification schemes. There are relatively few materials whose coactivated response has been well-characterized. Here, we demonstrate a specific ion coactivation (SICA) effect at the interfaces of transient polymer solids and liquid solutions. We found that depolymerization of the transient polymer, cyclic poly(phthalaldehyde) (cPPA), exhibited a SICA effect when the cPPA core-shell microcapsules were suspended in ion-containing acidic methanol solutions...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195575/twenty-five-year-outcomes-of-the-lateral-tunnel-fontan-procedure
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Thomas G Wilson, William Y Shi, Ajay J Iyengar, David S Winlaw, Rachael L Cordina, Gavin R Wheaton, Andrew Bullock, Thomas L Gentles, Robert G Weintraub, Robert N Justo, Leeanne E Grigg, Dorothy J Radford, Yves d'Udekem
The objective of this study was to characterize late outcomes of the lateral tunnel (LT) Fontan procedure. The outcomes of all patients who underwent an LT Fontan procedure in Australia and in New Zealand were analyzed. Original files were reviewed and outcomes data were obtained through a binational registry. Between 1980 and 2014, a total of 301 patients underwent an LT Fontan procedure across 6 major centers. There were 13 hospital mortalities, 21 late deaths, 8 Fontan conversions and revisions, 8 Fontan takedowns, and 4 heart transplantations...
2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176097/access-to-health-care-among-mexican-migrants-and-immigrants-a-comparison-across-migration-phases
#18
Ana P Martinez-Donate, Ifna Ejebe, Xiao Zhang, Sylvia Guendelman, Félice Lê-Scherban, Gudelia Rangel, Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Melbourne F Hovell, Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes
OBJECTIVES: We examined differences in, and factors associated with, access to health services among Mexican im/migrants to the U.S. across migration phases, including pre-departure, destination, interception, and return. METHODS: Using data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in Tijuana, Mexico (N = 1,541), we computed descriptive statistics and staged logistic regressions to estimate health care access indicators and factors associated with access to services...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168262/cross-border-migration-and-initiation-of-others-into-drug-injecting-in-tijuana-mexico
#19
Claudia Rafful, Jason Melo, María Elena Medina-Mora, Gudelia Rangel, Xiaoying Sun, Sonia Jain, Dan Werb
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Efforts to prevent injection drug use (IDU) are increasingly focusing on the role that people who inject drugs (PWID) play in facilitating the entry of others into this behaviour. This is particularly relevant in settings experiencing high levels of IDU, such as Mexico's northern border region, where cross-border migration, particularly through forced deportation, has been found to increase a range of health and social harms related to injecting. DESIGN AND METHODS: PWID enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Tijuana, Mexico, since 2011 were interviewed semi-annually, which solicited responses on their experiences initiating others into injecting...
November 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124460/medical-egg-freezing-the-importance-of-a-patient-centered-approach-to-fertility-preservation
#20
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Lynn M Westphal, Joseph Doyle, Norbert Gleicher, Dror Meirow, Hila Raanani, Martha Dirnfeld, Pasquale Patrizio
PURPOSE: This binational qualitative study of medical egg freezing (MEF) examined women's motivations and experiences, including their perceived needs for patient-centered care in the midst of fertility- and life-threatening diagnoses. METHODS: Forty-five women who had undertaken MEF were interviewed in the USA (33 women) and in Israel (12 women) between June 2014 and August 2016. Interviews lasted approximately 1 h and were conducted by two senior medical anthropologists, one in each country...
January 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
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