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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168262/cross-border-migration-and-initiation-of-others-into-drug-injecting-in-tijuana-mexico
#1
Claudia Rafful, Jason Melo, María Elena Medina-Mora, Gudelia Rangel, Xiaoying Sun, Sonia Jain, Dan Werb
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Efforts to prevent injection drug use (IDU) are increasingly focusing on the role that people who inject drugs (PWID) play in facilitating the entry of others into this behaviour. This is particularly relevant in settings experiencing high levels of IDU, such as Mexico's northern border region, where cross-border migration, particularly through forced deportation, has been found to increase a range of health and social harms related to injecting. DESIGN AND METHODS: PWID enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Tijuana, Mexico, since 2011 were interviewed semi-annually, which solicited responses on their experiences initiating others into injecting...
November 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124460/medical-egg-freezing-the-importance-of-a-patient-centered-approach-to-fertility-preservation
#2
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Lynn M Westphal, Joseph Doyle, Norbert Gleicher, Dror Meirow, Hila Raanani, Martha Dirnfeld, Pasquale Patrizio
PURPOSE: This binational qualitative study of medical egg freezing (MEF) examined women's motivations and experiences, including their perceived needs for patient-centered care in the midst of fertility- and life-threatening diagnoses. METHODS: Forty-five women who had undertaken MEF were interviewed in the USA (33 women) and in Israel (12 women) between June 2014 and August 2016. Interviews lasted approximately 1 h and were conducted by two senior medical anthropologists, one in each country...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116288/epidemiological-surveillance-of-land-borders-in-north-and-south-america-a-case-study
#3
Robson Bruniera-Oliveira, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Aiden Varan, Sonia Montiel, Eduardo Hage Carmo, Stephen H Waterman, José Fernando de Souza Verani
This study aims to analyze the different binational/multinational activities, programs, and structures taking place on the borders of Brazil and the U.S. between 2013 and 2015. A descriptive exploratory study of two border epidemiological surveillance (BES) systems has been performed. Two approaches were used to collect data: i) technical visits to the facilities involved with border surveillance and application of a questionnaire survey; ii) application of an online questionnaire survey. It was identified that, for both surveillance systems, more than 55% of the technicians had realized that the BES and its activities have high priority...
November 6, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095618/the-water-bend-libration-combination-band-is-an-intrinsic-collective-and-strongly-solute-dependent-reporter-on-the-hydrogen-bonding-network-of-liquid-water
#4
Pramod Kumar Verma, Achintya Kundu, Matthew Puretz, Charvanaa Dhoonmoon, Oriana S Chegwidden, Casey H Londergan, Minhaeng Cho
Water is an extensively self-associated liquid due to its extensive hydrogen bond (H-bond) forming ability. The resulting H-bonded network fluid exhibits nearly continuous absorption of light from the te-rahertz to the near-IR region. The relatively weak bend-libration water combination band (centered at 2130 cm(-1)) has been largely overlooked as a reporter of liquid water's structure and dynamics despite its location in a convenient region of the IR for spectroscopic study. The intermolecular nature of the com-bination band leads to a unique absorption signal that reports collectively on the rigidity of the H-bonding network in the presence of many different solutes...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080956/validation-of-an-online-risk-calculator-for-the-prediction-of-anastomotic-leak-after-colon-cancer-surgery-and-preliminary-exploration-of-artificial-intelligence-based-analytics
#5
T Sammour, L Cohen, A I Karunatillake, M Lewis, M J Lawrence, A Hunter, J W Moore, M L Thomas
BACKGROUND: Recently published data support the use of a web-based risk calculator ( www.anastomoticleak.com ) for the prediction of anastomotic leak after colectomy. The aim of this study was to externally validate this calculator on a larger dataset. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients undergoing elective or emergency colectomy for colon cancer at a single institution over a 9-year period were identified using the Binational Colorectal Cancer Audit database. Patients with a rectosigmoid cancer, an R2 resection, or a diverting ostomy were excluded...
October 28, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902281/the-united-states-mexico-border-environmental-public-health-the-challenges-of-working-with-two-systems
#6
Genny Carrillo, Felipe Uribe, Rose Lucio, Alberto Ramirez Lopez, Marcelo Korc
This report shares the challenges and opportunities encountered by a binational project that examined the availability of environmental and public health information for the United States-Mexico border area. The researchers interviewed numerous national and binational agencies on both sides of the border, endeavoring to develop a framework to advance the knowledge of academic and public health professionals in the area of environmental border health. However, the lack of standardized indicators and metrics in both countries validates the emergent need to establish a viable framework for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of environmental information...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871280/impacting-binational-health-through-leadership-development-a-program-evaluation-of-the-leaders-across-borders-program-2010-2014
#7
REVIEW
Omar A Contreras, Cecilia B Rosales, Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Celina I Valencia, Maria Gudelia Rangel
BACKGROUND: Workforce and leadership development is imperative for the advancement of public health along the U.S./Mexico border. The Leaders across borders (LaB) program aims to train the public health and health-care workforce of the border region. The LaB is a 6-month intensive leadership development program, which offers training in various areas of public health. Program curriculum topics include: leadership, border health epidemiology, health diplomacy, border public policies, and conflict resolution...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866973/identification-and-assessment-of-potentially-high-mortality-intensive-care-units-using-the-anzics-centre-for-outcome-and-resource-evaluation-clinical-registry
#8
Kerry McClean, Daniel Mullany, Sue Huckson, Allison van Lint, Shaila Chavan, Peter Hicks, Graeme Hart, Eldho Paul, David Pilcher
PURPOSE: A hospital's highest-risk patients are managed in the intensive care unit. Outcomes are determined by patients' severity of illness, existing comorbidities and by processes of care delivered. The Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS) Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation (CORE) manages a binational clinical registry to benchmark performance, and report and assess ICUs which appear to have worse outcomes than others. METHODS: A descriptive retrospective cohort study was undertaken to detail processes, outcomes, limitations and practical lessons learnt from monitoring ICU performance throughout Australia and New Zealand...
September 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845913/alcohol-related-presentations-to-the-royal-perth-hospital-emergency-department-a-prospective-study
#9
Stuart Vb McLay, Ellen MacDonald, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and describe alcohol-related presentations to our ED, as part of the binational Alcohol Harm in Emergency Departments study. METHODS: A prospective observational study at Royal Perth Hospital of every patient attending ED for the 168-h period commencing 08.00 hours Monday 1 December 2014. Patient presentations were classified as alcohol-related (alcohol-positive) using predefined criteria. These patients were compared to alcohol-negative patients on a range of demographic and clinical descriptors...
August 28, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818627/cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-association-between-bedtime-and-malaria-exposure-in-the-ouest-and-sud-est-departments-of-haiti
#10
Caroline J Stephenson, Matthew E Rossheim, Cara L Frankenfeld, Jacques Boncy, Bernard A Okech, Michael E von Fricken
INTRODUCTION: The governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic have a binational agreement to work towards malaria elimination for the island of Hispaniola by the year 2020. Understanding malaria-related knowledge and behaviors can help inform elimination efforts. This study examined the association between social-behavioral factors, like bedtime and bed net ownership, with malaria seroconversion status among people in the Ouest and Sud-Est departments of Haiti. METHODS: In 2013, cross-sectional survey data (n=377) and blood samples were collected from a convenience sample of individuals within community, clinic and school settings...
December 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770992/in-silico-screening-of-two-dimensional-separation-selectivity-for-ion-chromatography-%C3%A3-capillary-electrophoresis-separation-of-low-molecular-mass-organic-acids
#11
Leila Ranjbar, Mohammad Talebi, Paul R Haddad, Soo Hyun Park, Joan M Cabot, Min Zhang, Petr Smejkal, Joe P Foley, Michael C Breadmore
A prerequisite for ordered two-dimensional (2D) separations and full utilization of the enhanced 2D peak capacity is selective exploitation of the sample attributes, described as sample dimensionality. In order to take sample dimensionality into account prior to optimization of a 2D separation, a new concept based on construction of 2D separation selectivity maps is proposed and demonstrated for ion chromatography × capillary electrophoresis (IC×CE) separation of low-molecular-mass organic acids as test analytes...
September 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713806/ventanillas-de-salud-a-collaborative-and-binational-health-access-and-preventive-care-program
#12
Maria Gudelia Rangel Gomez, Josana Tonda, G Rogelio Zapata, Michael Flynn, Francesca Gany, Juanita Lara, Ilan Shapiro, Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales
While individuals of Mexican origin are the largest immigrant group living in the U.S., this population is also the highest uninsured. Health disparities related to access to health care, among other social determinants, continue to be a challenge for this population. The government of Mexico, in an effort to address these disparities and improve the quality of life of citizens living abroad, has partnered with governmental and non-governmental health-care organizations in the U.S. by developing and implementing an initiative known as Ventanillas de Salud-Health Windows-(VDS)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713804/facilitating-and-inhibiting-factors-of-sexual-behavior-among-migrants-in-transition-from-mexico-to-the-united-states
#13
Jesús Alejandro Guerra-Ordoñez, Raquel A Benavides-Torres, Rogelio Zapata-Garibay, Dora Julia Onofre-Rodríguez, María Aracely Márquez-Vega, Gabriela Zamora-Carmona
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in the border region of Mexico due to the flow of migrants under desperate conditions, encouraging casual and unprotected sex. Since this has become a binational public health problem, it is important to understand the factors that predict these sexual behaviors. The aim of the current study was to investigate the facilitators and inhibitors of transition in the sexual behavior of migrants from two border regions on the Mexico-United States (US) border...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612950/the-paediatric-cataract-register-pecare-an-overview-of-operated-childhood-cataract-in-sweden-and-denmark
#14
Gunilla Magnusson, Birgitte Haargaard, Saima Basit, Anna Lundvall, Alf Nyström, Annika Rosensvärd, Kristina Tornqvist
AIM: To report basic epidemiological data concerning surgically treated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark. METHODS: Data were derived from the Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE), a binational, web-based surgical register representing Sweden and Denmark. All children operated before 8 years of age between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013 were included. Age-specific prevalence per 100 000 population was calculated. RESULTS: A total 574 operations in 213 boys (51...
June 14, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596953/tuberculosis-treatment-completion-in-a-united-states-mexico-binational-context
#15
Celina I Valencia, Kacey Ernst, Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a salient public health issue along the U.S./Mexico border. This study seeks to identify the social and structural factors, which are associated with TB disease burden in the binational geographic region. Identification of barriers of treatment completion provides the necessary framework for developing evidence-based interventions that are culturally relevant and context specific for the U.S./Mexico border region. METHODS: Retrospective study of data extracted from medical charts (n = 439) from Yuma County Health Department (YCHD) (n = 160) and Centro de Salud San Luis Río Colorado (n = 279)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584960/qualitative-study-of-latino-cancer-patient-perspectives-on-care-access-and-continuity-in-a-rural-u-s-mexico-border-region
#16
Eunjeong Ko, María Luisa Zúñiga, Helen Palomino, Diana Peacher, Mercedes Watson
Access to quality cancer care for cancer patients living in the rural U.S.-Mexico border region is complex due to common binational health care-seeking behaviors and regional socio-economic and cultural characteristics. But little is known about the challenges border dwelling residents face when navigating their cancer care systems. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 cancer patients in Southern California. Thematic analysis was applied to identify patterns of meaning in the data. Emerging themes were: (1) delays in cancer care coordination: (a) poor coordination of cancer care (b) U...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497298/erratum-to-changing-places-changing-plates-a-binational-comparison-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthful-eating-among-central-american-communities
#17
Melissa Fuster, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424997/changing-places-changing-plates-a-binational-comparison-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthful-eating-among-central-american-communities
#18
Melissa Fuster, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos
To understand the process by which immigrants adopt dietary practices, this study offers a binational comparison of factors that predispose, enable, and reinforce healthful eating in the sending and receiving countries. Data are from two qualitative studies that examined barriers and facilitators to healthful eating in El Salvador (four focus groups, n = 28 adults) and in the US (30 in-depth interviews n = 15 mothers recently migrated from Central America). There was a strong emphasis on hygiene and vitamin-content of foods among participants in El Salvador...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406813/effects-of-hypercapnia-and-hypercapnic-acidosis-on-hospital-mortality-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ravindranath Tiruvoipati, David Pilcher, Hergen Buscher, John Botha, Michael Bailey
OBJECTIVES: Lung-protective ventilation is used to prevent further lung injury in patients on invasive mechanical ventilation. However, lung-protective ventilation can cause hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis. There are no large clinical studies evaluating the effects of hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis in patients requiring mechanical ventilation. DESIGN: Multicenter, binational, retrospective study aimed to assess the impact of compensated hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis in patients receiving mechanical ventilation...
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401723/the-clinical-academic-workforce-in-australia-and-new-zealand-report-on-the-second-binational-summit-to-implement-a-sustainable-training-pathway
#20
John Windsor, Tamsin Garrod, Nicholas J Talley, Carmel Tebbutt, James Churchill, Elizabeth Farmer, Louise Baur, Julian A Smith
There has been a decline in the proportion of clinical academics compared with full-time clinicians, since 2004. A Working Party was established to help develop and implement a model for the training of clinical academics. After a highly successful first summit in 2014 that summarised the challenges faced by clinical academics in Australia and New Zealand, a second summit was convened late in 2015 to report on progress and to identify key areas for further action. The second summit provided survey results that identified the varied training pathways currently offered to clinical academics and the institutions willing to be involved in developing improved pathways...
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
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