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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243564/deportation-of-non-citizen-military-veterans-a-critical-analysis-of-implications-for-the-right-to-health
#1
Danielle Horyniak, Ietza Bojorquez, Richard F Armenta, Peter J Davidson
Military personnel are commonly exposed to health-harming conditions during their service, resulting in higher rates of physical and mental health conditions compared with the general population. In an era of mass deportations, it is notable that non-citizen military veterans are not exempt from deportation. We utilised a human rights framework to conduct a critical analysis of potential health consequences of deportation for U.S. military veterans, identifying three ways in which veterans' rights to health may be constrained through deportation...
December 15, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232508/programmable-payload-release-from-transient-polymer-microcapsules-triggered-by-a-specific-ion-co-activation-effect
#2
Shijia Tang, Liuyan Tang, Xiaocun Lu, Huiying Liu, Jeffrey S Moore
Stimuli-responsive materials activated by a pair of molecular or ionic species are of interest in the design of chemical logic gates and signal amplification schemes. There are relatively few ma-terials whose co-activated response has been well-characterized. Here, we demonstrate a specific ion co-activation (SICA) effect at the interfaces of transient polymer solids and liquid solu-tions. We found that depolymerization of the transient poly-mer, cyclic poly(phthalaldehyde) (cPPA), exhibited a SICA effect when the cPPA core-shell microcapsules were suspended in ion-containing acidic methanol solutions...
December 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195575/twenty-five-year-outcomes-of-the-lateral-tunnel-fontan-procedure
#3
Thomas G Wilson, William Y Shi, Ajay J Iyengar, David S Winlaw, Rachael L Cordina, Gavin R Wheaton, Andrew Bullock, Thomas L Gentles, Robert G Weintraub, Robert N Justo, Leeanne E Grigg, Dorothy J Radford, Yves d'Udekem
The objective of this study was to characterize late outcomes of the lateral tunnel (LT) Fontan procedure. The outcomes of all patients who underwent an LT Fontan procedure in Australia and in New Zealand were analyzed. Original files were reviewed and outcomes data were obtained through a binational registry. Between 1980 and 2014, a total of 301 patients underwent an LT Fontan procedure across 6 major centers. There were 13 hospital mortalities, 21 late deaths, 8 Fontan conversions and revisions, 8 Fontan takedowns, and 4 heart transplantations...
2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176097/access-to-health-care-among-mexican-migrants-and-immigrants-a-comparison-across-migration-phases
#4
Ana P Martinez-Donate, Ifna Ejebe, Xiao Zhang, Sylvia Guendelman, Félice Lê-Scherban, Gudelia Rangel, Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Melbourne F Hovell, Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes
OBJECTIVES: We examined differences in, and factors associated with, access to health services among Mexican im/migrants to the U.S. across migration phases, including pre-departure, destination, interception, and return. METHODS: Using data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in Tijuana, Mexico (N = 1,541), we computed descriptive statistics and staged logistic regressions to estimate health care access indicators and factors associated with access to services...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168262/cross-border-migration-and-initiation-of-others-into-drug-injecting-in-tijuana-mexico
#5
Claudia Rafful, Jason Melo, María Elena Medina-Mora, Gudelia Rangel, Xiaoying Sun, Sonia Jain, Dan Werb
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Efforts to prevent injection drug use (IDU) are increasingly focusing on the role that people who inject drugs (PWID) play in facilitating the entry of others into this behaviour. This is particularly relevant in settings experiencing high levels of IDU, such as Mexico's northern border region, where cross-border migration, particularly through forced deportation, has been found to increase a range of health and social harms related to injecting. DESIGN AND METHODS: PWID enrolled in a prospective cohort study in Tijuana, Mexico, since 2011 were interviewed semi-annually, which solicited responses on their experiences initiating others into injecting...
November 22, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124460/medical-egg-freezing-the-importance-of-a-patient-centered-approach-to-fertility-preservation
#6
Marcia C Inhorn, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Lynn M Westphal, Joseph Doyle, Norbert Gleicher, Dror Meirow, Hila Raanani, Martha Dirnfeld, Pasquale Patrizio
PURPOSE: This binational qualitative study of medical egg freezing (MEF) examined women's motivations and experiences, including their perceived needs for patient-centered care in the midst of fertility- and life-threatening diagnoses. METHODS: Forty-five women who had undertaken MEF were interviewed in the USA (33 women) and in Israel (12 women) between June 2014 and August 2016. Interviews lasted approximately 1 h and were conducted by two senior medical anthropologists, one in each country...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116288/epidemiological-surveillance-of-land-borders-in-north-and-south-america-a-case-study
#7
Robson Bruniera-Oliveira, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Aiden Varan, Sonia Montiel, Eduardo Hage Carmo, Stephen H Waterman, José Fernando de Souza Verani
This study aims to analyze the different binational/multinational activities, programs, and structures taking place on the borders of Brazil and the U.S. between 2013 and 2015. A descriptive exploratory study of two border epidemiological surveillance (BES) systems has been performed. Two approaches were used to collect data: i) technical visits to the facilities involved with border surveillance and application of a questionnaire survey; ii) application of an online questionnaire survey. It was identified that, for both surveillance systems, more than 55% of the technicians had realized that the BES and its activities have high priority...
November 6, 2017: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095618/the-water-bend-libration-combination-band-is-an-intrinsic-collective-and-strongly-solute-dependent-reporter-on-the-hydrogen-bonding-network-of-liquid-water
#8
Pramod Kumar Verma, Achintya Kundu, Matthew Puretz, Charvanaa Dhoonmoon, Oriana S Chegwidden, Casey H Londergan, Minhaeng Cho
Water is an extensively self-associated liquid due to its extensive hydrogen bond (H-bond) forming ability. The resulting H-bonded network fluid exhibits nearly continuous absorption of light from the te-rahertz to the near-IR region. The relatively weak bend-libration water combination band (centered at 2130 cm(-1)) has been largely overlooked as a reporter of liquid water's structure and dynamics despite its location in a convenient region of the IR for spectroscopic study. The intermolecular nature of the com-bination band leads to a unique absorption signal that reports collectively on the rigidity of the H-bonding network in the presence of many different solutes...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080956/validation-of-an-online-risk-calculator-for-the-prediction-of-anastomotic-leak-after-colon-cancer-surgery-and-preliminary-exploration-of-artificial-intelligence-based-analytics
#9
T Sammour, L Cohen, A I Karunatillake, M Lewis, M J Lawrence, A Hunter, J W Moore, M L Thomas
BACKGROUND: Recently published data support the use of a web-based risk calculator ( www.anastomoticleak.com ) for the prediction of anastomotic leak after colectomy. The aim of this study was to externally validate this calculator on a larger dataset. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients undergoing elective or emergency colectomy for colon cancer at a single institution over a 9-year period were identified using the Binational Colorectal Cancer Audit database. Patients with a rectosigmoid cancer, an R2 resection, or a diverting ostomy were excluded...
October 28, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902281/the-united-states-mexico-border-environmental-public-health-the-challenges-of-working-with-two-systems
#10
Genny Carrillo, Felipe Uribe, Rose Lucio, Alberto Ramirez Lopez, Marcelo Korc
This report shares the challenges and opportunities encountered by a binational project that examined the availability of environmental and public health information for the United States-Mexico border area. The researchers interviewed numerous national and binational agencies on both sides of the border, endeavoring to develop a framework to advance the knowledge of academic and public health professionals in the area of environmental border health. However, the lack of standardized indicators and metrics in both countries validates the emergent need to establish a viable framework for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of environmental information...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871280/impacting-binational-health-through-leadership-development-a-program-evaluation-of-the-leaders-across-borders-program-2010-2014
#11
REVIEW
Omar A Contreras, Cecilia B Rosales, Eduardo Gonzalez-Fagoaga, Celina I Valencia, Maria Gudelia Rangel
BACKGROUND: Workforce and leadership development is imperative for the advancement of public health along the U.S./Mexico border. The Leaders across borders (LaB) program aims to train the public health and health-care workforce of the border region. The LaB is a 6-month intensive leadership development program, which offers training in various areas of public health. Program curriculum topics include: leadership, border health epidemiology, health diplomacy, border public policies, and conflict resolution...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866973/identification-and-assessment-of-potentially-high-mortality-intensive-care-units-using-the-anzics-centre-for-outcome-and-resource-evaluation-clinical-registry
#12
Kerry McClean, Daniel Mullany, Sue Huckson, Allison van Lint, Shaila Chavan, Peter Hicks, Graeme Hart, Eldho Paul, David Pilcher
PURPOSE: A hospital's highest-risk patients are managed in the intensive care unit. Outcomes are determined by patients' severity of illness, existing comorbidities and by processes of care delivered. The Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS) Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation (CORE) manages a binational clinical registry to benchmark performance, and report and assess ICUs which appear to have worse outcomes than others. METHODS: A descriptive retrospective cohort study was undertaken to detail processes, outcomes, limitations and practical lessons learnt from monitoring ICU performance throughout Australia and New Zealand...
September 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845913/alcohol-related-presentations-to-the-royal-perth-hospital-emergency-department-a-prospective-study
#13
Stuart Vb McLay, Ellen MacDonald, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and describe alcohol-related presentations to our ED, as part of the binational Alcohol Harm in Emergency Departments study. METHODS: A prospective observational study at Royal Perth Hospital of every patient attending ED for the 168-h period commencing 08.00 hours Monday 1 December 2014. Patient presentations were classified as alcohol-related (alcohol-positive) using predefined criteria. These patients were compared to alcohol-negative patients on a range of demographic and clinical descriptors...
August 28, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818627/cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-association-between-bedtime-and-malaria-exposure-in-the-ouest-and-sud-est-departments-of-haiti
#14
Caroline J Stephenson, Matthew E Rossheim, Cara L Frankenfeld, Jacques Boncy, Bernard A Okech, Michael E von Fricken
INTRODUCTION: The governments of Haiti and the Dominican Republic have a binational agreement to work towards malaria elimination for the island of Hispaniola by the year 2020. Understanding malaria-related knowledge and behaviors can help inform elimination efforts. This study examined the association between social-behavioral factors, like bedtime and bed net ownership, with malaria seroconversion status among people in the Ouest and Sud-Est departments of Haiti. METHODS: In 2013, cross-sectional survey data (n=377) and blood samples were collected from a convenience sample of individuals within community, clinic and school settings...
December 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770992/in-silico-screening-of-two-dimensional-separation-selectivity-for-ion-chromatography-%C3%A3-capillary-electrophoresis-separation-of-low-molecular-mass-organic-acids
#15
Leila Ranjbar, Mohammad Talebi, Paul R Haddad, Soo Hyun Park, Joan M Cabot, Min Zhang, Petr Smejkal, Joe P Foley, Michael C Breadmore
A prerequisite for ordered two-dimensional (2D) separations and full utilization of the enhanced 2D peak capacity is selective exploitation of the sample attributes, described as sample dimensionality. In order to take sample dimensionality into account prior to optimization of a 2D separation, a new concept based on construction of 2D separation selectivity maps is proposed and demonstrated for ion chromatography × capillary electrophoresis (IC×CE) separation of low-molecular-mass organic acids as test analytes...
September 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713806/ventanillas-de-salud-a-collaborative-and-binational-health-access-and-preventive-care-program
#16
Maria Gudelia Rangel Gomez, Josana Tonda, G Rogelio Zapata, Michael Flynn, Francesca Gany, Juanita Lara, Ilan Shapiro, Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales
While individuals of Mexican origin are the largest immigrant group living in the U.S., this population is also the highest uninsured. Health disparities related to access to health care, among other social determinants, continue to be a challenge for this population. The government of Mexico, in an effort to address these disparities and improve the quality of life of citizens living abroad, has partnered with governmental and non-governmental health-care organizations in the U.S. by developing and implementing an initiative known as Ventanillas de Salud-Health Windows-(VDS)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713804/facilitating-and-inhibiting-factors-of-sexual-behavior-among-migrants-in-transition-from-mexico-to-the-united-states
#17
Jesús Alejandro Guerra-Ordoñez, Raquel A Benavides-Torres, Rogelio Zapata-Garibay, Dora Julia Onofre-Rodríguez, María Aracely Márquez-Vega, Gabriela Zamora-Carmona
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases in the border region of Mexico due to the flow of migrants under desperate conditions, encouraging casual and unprotected sex. Since this has become a binational public health problem, it is important to understand the factors that predict these sexual behaviors. The aim of the current study was to investigate the facilitators and inhibitors of transition in the sexual behavior of migrants from two border regions on the Mexico-United States (US) border...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612950/the-paediatric-cataract-register-pecare-an-overview-of-operated-childhood-cataract-in-sweden-and-denmark
#18
Gunilla Magnusson, Birgitte Haargaard, Saima Basit, Anna Lundvall, Alf Nyström, Annika Rosensvärd, Kristina Tornqvist
AIM: To report basic epidemiological data concerning surgically treated childhood cataract in Sweden and Denmark. METHODS: Data were derived from the Paediatric Cataract Register (PECARE), a binational, web-based surgical register representing Sweden and Denmark. All children operated before 8 years of age between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013 were included. Age-specific prevalence per 100 000 population was calculated. RESULTS: A total 574 operations in 213 boys (51...
June 14, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596953/tuberculosis-treatment-completion-in-a-united-states-mexico-binational-context
#19
Celina I Valencia, Kacey Ernst, Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a salient public health issue along the U.S./Mexico border. This study seeks to identify the social and structural factors, which are associated with TB disease burden in the binational geographic region. Identification of barriers of treatment completion provides the necessary framework for developing evidence-based interventions that are culturally relevant and context specific for the U.S./Mexico border region. METHODS: Retrospective study of data extracted from medical charts (n = 439) from Yuma County Health Department (YCHD) (n = 160) and Centro de Salud San Luis Río Colorado (n = 279)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584960/qualitative-study-of-latino-cancer-patient-perspectives-on-care-access-and-continuity-in-a-rural-u-s-mexico-border-region
#20
Eunjeong Ko, María Luisa Zúñiga, Helen Palomino, Diana Peacher, Mercedes Watson
Access to quality cancer care for cancer patients living in the rural U.S.-Mexico border region is complex due to common binational health care-seeking behaviors and regional socio-economic and cultural characteristics. But little is known about the challenges border dwelling residents face when navigating their cancer care systems. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 cancer patients in Southern California. Thematic analysis was applied to identify patterns of meaning in the data. Emerging themes were: (1) delays in cancer care coordination: (a) poor coordination of cancer care (b) U...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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