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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424997/changing-places-changing-plates-a-binational-comparison-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthful-eating-among-central-american-communities
#1
Melissa Fuster, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos
To understand the process by which immigrants adopt dietary practices, this study offers a binational comparison of factors that predispose, enable, and reinforce healthful eating in the sending and receiving countries. Data are from two qualitative studies that examined barriers and facilitators to healthful eating in El Salvador (four focus groups, n = 28 adults) and in the US (30 in-depth interviews n = 15 mothers recently migrated from Central America). There was a strong emphasis on hygiene and vitamin-content of foods among participants in El Salvador...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406813/effects-of-hypercapnia-and-hypercapnic-acidosis-on-hospital-mortality-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#2
Ravindranath Tiruvoipati, David Pilcher, Hergen Buscher, John Botha, Michael Bailey
OBJECTIVES: Lung-protective ventilation is used to prevent further lung injury in patients on invasive mechanical ventilation. However, lung-protective ventilation can cause hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis. There are no large clinical studies evaluating the effects of hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis in patients requiring mechanical ventilation. DESIGN: Multicenter, binational, retrospective study aimed to assess the impact of compensated hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis in patients receiving mechanical ventilation...
April 12, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401723/the-clinical-academic-workforce-in-australia-and-new-zealand-report-on-the-second-binational-summit-to-implement-a-sustainable-training-pathway
#3
John Windsor, Tamsin Garrod, Nicholas J Talley, Carmel Tebbutt, James Churchill, Elizabeth Farmer, Louise Baur, Julian A Smith
There has been a decline in the proportion of clinical academics compared with full-time clinicians, since 2004. A Working Party was established to help develop and implement a model for the training of clinical academics. After a highly successful first summit in 2014 that summarised the challenges faced by clinical academics in Australia and New Zealand, a second summit was convened late in 2015 to report on progress and to identify key areas for further action. The second summit provided survey results that identified the varied training pathways currently offered to clinical academics and the institutions willing to be involved in developing improved pathways...
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369535/the-production-of-glial-cell-line-derived-neurotrophic-factor-by-human-sertoli-cells-is-substantially-reduced-in-sertoli-cell-only-testes
#4
D Singh, D A Paduch, P N Schlegel, K E Orwig, A Mielnik, A Bolyakov, W W Wright
STUDY QUESTION: Do human Sertoli cells in testes that exhibit the Sertoli cell-only (SCO) phenotype produce substantially less glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) than Sertoli cells in normal testes? SUMMARY ANSWER: In human SCO testes, both the amounts of GDNF mRNA per testis and the concentration of GDNF protein per Sertoli cell are markedly reduced as compared to normal testes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In vivo, GDNF is required to sustain the numbers and function of mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) and their immediate progeny, transit-amplifying progenitor spermatogonia...
May 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314498/exploring-social-justice-in-mixed-divided-cities-from-local-to-global-learning
#5
Corey Shdaimah, Jane Lipscomb, Roni Strier, Dassi Postan-Aizik, Susan Leviton, Jody Olsen
BACKGROUND: University of Haifa and the University of Maryland, Baltimore faculty developed a parallel binational, interprofessional American-Israeli course which explores social justice in the context of increasing urban, local, and global inequities. OBJECTIVES: This article describes the course's innovative approach to critically examine how social justice is framed in mixed/divided cities from different professional perspectives (social work, health, law). Participatory methods such as photo-voice, experiential learning, and theatre of the oppressed provide students with a shared language and multiple media to express and problematize their own and others' understanding of social (in)justice and to imagine social change...
November 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292567/images-of-suffering-depicted-in-diaries-of-family-caregivers-in-the-acute-stage-of-necrotising-soft-tissue-infection-a-content-analysis
#6
Ingrid Egerod, Annette E Andersson, Ann-Mari Fagerdahl, Vibeke E Knudsen
OBJECTIVES: Severe necrotising soft tissue infections (NSTI) are rare life threatening rapidly progressing bacterial infections requiring immediate diagnosis and treatment. The aim of the study was to explore the experience of family caregivers of patients with necrotising soft tissue infection during the acute stage of disease. METHODS: Our study had a qualitative descriptive binational design using qualitative content analysis to explore diaries written by close family members (n=15)...
March 11, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225817/binational-climate-change-vulnerability-assessment-of-migratory-birds-in-the-great-lakes-basins-tools-and-impediments
#7
Robert S Rempel, Megan L Hornseth
Climate change is a global concern, requiring international strategies to reduce emissions, however, climate change vulnerability assessments are often local in scope with assessment areas restricted to jurisdictional boundaries. In our study we explored tools and impediments to understanding and responding to the effects of climate change on vulnerability of migratory birds from a binational perspective. We apply and assess the utility of a Climate Change Vulnerability Index on 3 focal species using distribution or niche modeling frameworks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182061/intraoperative-squash-cytology-and-histology-of-giant-cell-ependymoma-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#8
Ebru Cakir, Ulku Kucuk, Ayca Ersen, Emel E Pala, Mehmet Senoglu, Ali O Binatli, Zubeyde Yildirim
Giant cell ependymomas (GCE) are extremely rare tumors, with 24 cases described in the literature. Squash cytology is a rapid, reliable, simple technique for intraoperative consultation in neurosurgical practice. We describe a rare case of GCE arising at level of L4-L5 in a 66-year-old woman and discuss the cytologic/histologic features. Intraoperative smears were highly cellular with a prominent fibrillary background and exhibited papillary structures and sheets composed of highly atypical and bizarre cells...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103933/quantification-of-myocardial-deformation-in-children-by-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-feature-tracking-determination-of-reference-values-for-left-ventricular-strain-and-strain-rate
#9
Florian André, Daniëlle Robbers-Visser, Astrid Helling-Bakki, Angela Föll, Andreas Voss, Hugo A Katus, Willem A Helbing, Sebastian J Buss, Joachim G Eichhorn
BACKGROUND: The objective assessment of global and regional cardiac function in children has shown to be clinically relevant but is challenging to conduct. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a valuable diagnostic modality especially in patients with cardiomyopathy or congenital heart disease. However, data on the normal cardiac deformation in children assessed by CMR is lacking at present. Thus, the aim of this study was to provide reference values for cardiac strain and strain rate in children and adolescents derived from CMR feature tracking (FT) measurements...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099548/teledermatology-in-tijuana-mexico
#10
Megan Brown
The Health Frontiers in Tijuana (HFiT) clinic is a binational partnership between the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine (San Diego, California); the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California School of Medicine (Tijuana, Mexico); and Desayunador Salesiano Padre Chava, a community grassroots organization in Tijuana, Mexico. Health Frontiers in Tijuana provides accessible quality health care for the underserved in Tijuana's Zona Norte. This article is a narrative meant to share my clinical experience as a dermatology resident who worked with HFiT to establish teledermatology services at this clinic...
December 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087468/smoking-selectivity-among-mexican-immigrants-to-the-united-states-using-binational-data-1999-2012
#11
Nancy L Fleischer, Annie Ro, Georgiana Bostean
Mexican immigrants have lower smoking rates than US-born Mexicans, which some scholars attribute to health selection-that individuals who migrate are healthier and have better health behaviors than their non-migrant counterparts. Few studies have examined smoking selectivity using binational data and none have assessed whether selectivity remains constant over time. This study combined binational data from the US and Mexico to examine: 1) the extent to which recent Mexican immigrants (<10years) in the US are selected with regard to cigarette smoking compared to non-migrants in Mexico, and 2) whether smoking selectivity varied between 2000 and 2012-a period of declining tobacco use in Mexico and the US...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001094/prevalence-of-substance-use-among-patients-of-community-health-centers-in-east-los-angeles-and-tijuana
#12
Lillian Gelberg, Guillermina Natera Rey, Ronald M Andersen, Miriam Arroyo, Ietza Bojorquez-Chapela, Melvin W Rico, Mani Vahidi, Julia Yacenda-Murphy, Lisa Arangua, Martin Serota
BACKGROUND: Given the increased use of psychoactive substances on the United States-Mexico border, a binational study (Tijuana, Mexico-Los Angeles, USA) was conducted to identify the prevalence of substance use in primary care settings. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence and characteristics of patients at risk for substance use disorders in Tijuana and East Los Angeles (LA) community clinics with special attention paid to drug use. METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional, analytical study, comparing substance use screening results from patients in Tijuana and LA...
December 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992899/length-of-storage-of-red-blood-cells-and-patient-survival-after-blood-transfusion-a-binational-cohort-study
#13
Märit Halmin, Klaus Rostgaard, Brian K Lee, Agneta Wikman, Rut Norda, Kaspar René Nielsen, Ole B Pedersen, Jacob Holmqvist, Henrik Hjalgrim, Gustaf Edgren
Background: Possible negative effects, including increased mortality, among persons who receive stored red blood cells (RBCs) have recently garnered considerable attention. Despite many studies, including 4 randomized trials, no consensus exists. Objective: To study the association between the length of RBC storage and mortality in a large population-based cohort of patients who received transfusions, allowing detection of small yet clinically significant effects...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894320/successful-malaria-elimination-in-the-ecuador-peru-border-region-epidemiology-and-lessons-learned
#14
Lyndsay K Krisher, Jesse Krisher, Mariano Ambuludi, Ana Arichabala, Efrain Beltrán-Ayala, Patricia Navarrete, Tania Ordoñez, Mark E Polhemus, Fernando Quintana, Rosemary Rochford, Mercy Silva, Juan Bazo, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: In recent years, malaria (Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum) has been successfully controlled in the Ecuador-Peru coastal border region. The aim of this study was to document this control effort and to identify the best practices and lessons learned that are applicable to malaria control and to other vector-borne diseases. A proximal outcome evaluation was conducted of the robust elimination programme in El Oro Province, Ecuador, and the Tumbes Region, Peru. Data collection efforts included a series of workshops with local public health experts who played central roles in the elimination effort, review of epidemiological records from Ministries of Health, and a review of national policy documents...
November 28, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856480/dysarthria-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-protocol-for-a-binational-cross-sectional-case-controlled-study-in-french-and-european-portuguese-fralusopark
#15
Serge Pinto, Rita Cardoso, Jasmin Sadat, Isabel Guimarães, Céline Mercier, Helena Santos, Cyril Atkinson-Clement, Joana Carvalho, Pauline Welby, Pedro Oliveira, Mariapaola D'Imperio, Sónia Frota, Alban Letanneux, Marina Vigario, Marisa Cruz, Isabel Pavão Martins, François Viallet, Joaquim J Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) have to deal with several aspects of voice and speech decline and thus alteration of communication ability during the course of the disease. Among these communication impairments, 3 major challenges include: (1) dysarthria, consisting of orofacial motor dysfunction and dysprosody, which is linked to the neurodegenerative processes; (2) effects of the pharmacological treatment, which vary according to the disease stage; and (3) particular speech modifications that may be language-specific, that is, dependent on the language spoken by the patients...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749342/subarachnoid-hemorrhage-patients-admitted-to-intensive-care-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-multicenter-cohort-analysis-of-in-hospital-mortality-over-15-years
#16
Andrew A Udy, Chelsey Vladic, Edward Robert Saxby, Jeremy Cohen, Anthony Delaney, Oliver Flower, Matthew Anstey, Rinaldo Bellomo, David James Cooper, David V Pilcher
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to describe in-hospital mortality in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients requiring ICU admission. Secondary aims were to identify clinical characteristics associated with inferior outcomes, to compare subarachnoid hemorrhage mortality with other neurological diagnoses, and to explore the variability in subarachnoid hemorrhage standardized mortality ratios. DESIGN: Multicenter, binational, retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Data were extracted from the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Centre for Outcome and Resource Evaluation Adult Patient Database...
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699620/influence-of-early-onset-of-alcohol-use-on-the-development-of-adolescent-alcohol-problems-a-longitudinal-binational-study
#17
Min Jung Kim, W Alex Mason, Todd I Herrenkohl, Richard F Catalano, John W Toumbourou, Sheryl A Hemphill
This study examined cross-national similarities in a developmental model linking early age of alcohol use onset to frequent drinking and heavy drinking and alcohol problems 1 and 2 years later in a binational sample of 13-year-old students from two states: Washington State, USA and Victoria, Australia (N = 1833). A range of individual, family, school, and peer influences was included in analyses to investigate their unique and shared contribution to development of early and more serious forms of alcohol use and harms from misuse...
January 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697404/comparison-of-canadian-and-swiss-surgical-training-curricula-moving-on-toward-competency-based-surgical-education
#18
Henry Hoffmann, Daniel Oertli, Robert Mechera, Salome Dell-Kuster, Rachel Rosenthal, Richard Reznick, Hugh MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: Quality of surgical training in the era of resident duty-hour restrictions (RDHR) is part of an ongoing debate. Most training elements are provided during surgical service. As exposure to surgical procedures is important but time-consuming, RDHR may affect quality of surgical training. Providing structured training elements may help to compensate for this shortcoming. DESIGN: This binational anonymous questionnaire-based study evaluates frequency, time, and structure of surgical training programs at 2 typical academic teaching hospitals with different RDHR...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685126/a-dosimetric-comparison-of-copper-and-cerrobend-electron-inserts
#19
Benjamin D Rusk, Robert L Carver, John P Gibbons, Kenneth R Hogstrom
The purpose of this work was to evaluate differences in dose resulting from the use of copper aperture inserts compared to lead-alloy (Cerrobend) aperture inserts for electron beam therapy. Specifically, this study examines if copper aperture inserts can be used clinically with the same commissioning data measured using lead-alloy aperture inserts. The copper inserts were acquired from .decimal, LLC and matching lead-alloy, Cerrobend inserts were constructed in-house for 32 com-binations of nine square insert field sizes (2 × 2 to 20 × 20 cm2) and five applicator sizes (6 × 6 to 25 × 25 cm2)...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594919/the-effects-of-being-habitually-barefoot-on-foot-mechanics-and-motor-performance-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-6-18-years-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study-barefoot-life-project
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Karsten Hollander, Babette C van der Zwaard, Johanna Elsabe de Villiers, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Ranel Venter, Astrid Zech
BACKGROUND: Barefoot locomotion has evoked an increasing scientific interest with a controversial debate about benefits and limitations of barefoot and simulated barefoot walking and running. While most current knowledge comes from cross sectional laboratory studies, the evolutionary perspective suggests the importance of investigating the long-term effects. Observing habitually barefoot populations could fill the current gap of missing high quality longitudinal studies. Therefore, the study described in this design paper aims to investigate the effects of being habitually barefoot on foot mechanics and motor performance of children and adolescents...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
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