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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677080/corm-401-reduces-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-an-ex-vivo-renal-porcine-model-of-the-donation-after-cardiac-death
#1
Rabindra N Bhattacharjee, Mahms Richard-Mohamed, Qizhi Sun, Aaron Haig, Ghaleb Aboalsamh, Peter Barrett, Richard Mayer, Ibrahim Alhasan, Karen Pineda-Solis, Larry Jiang, Hajed Alharbi, Manujendra Saha, Eric Patterson, Alp Sener, Gediminas Cepinskas, Anthony M Jevnikar, Patrick P W Luke
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) inhalation protects organ by reducing inflammation and cell death during transplantation processes in animal model. However, using CO in clinical transplantation is difficult due to its delivery in a controlled manner. A manganese-containing CORM-401 has recently been synthesized which can efficiently deliver 3 molar equivalents of CO. We report the ability of this anti-inflammatory CORM-401 to reduce ischemia reperfusion injury associated with prolonged cold storage of renal allografts obtained from donation after cardiac death in a porcine model of transplantation...
April 19, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674046/development-of-a-chromatographic-method-with-multi-criteria-decision-making-design-for-simultaneous-determination-of-nifedipine-and-atenolol-in-content-uniformity-testing
#2
Sameh Ahmed, Abdulmalik Alqurshi, Abdel-Maaboud Ismail Mohamed
A new robust and reliable high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) approach was developed to allow simultaneous quantification of atenolol (ATN) and nifedipine (NFD) in content uniformity testing. Felodipine (FLD) was used as an internal standard (I.S.) in this study. A novel marriage between a new interactive response optimizer and a HPLC method was suggested for multiple response optimizations of target responses. An interactive response optimizer was used as a decision and prediction tool for the optimal settings of target responses, according to specified criteria, based on Derringer's desirability...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623100/youth-health-outcomes-from-the-connect-to-protect-coalitions-to-prevent-adolescent-hiv-infections
#3
Robin Lin Miller, Kyung-Sook Lee, Danielle Chiaramonte, Olga J Santiago-Rivera, Ignacio Acevedo-Polakovich, Cherrie B Boyer, Jonathan M Ellen
We assessed the relationships among HIV-related social and behavioral outcomes resulting from an adolescent-focused HIV structural change initiative in eight urban sites operating Connect to Protect (C2P) coalitions. Over a 4-year period, annual cross-sectional panels of adolescents (N = 2,248) completed an audio-computer-assisted interview, providing data on satisfaction with their communities as adolescent-supportive environments, internalized HIV stigma, lifetime HIV-testing, lifetime sexual risk-taking, and number of sexual partners in the prior year...
2018: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550956/imaging-non-vascular-complications-of-renal-transplantation
#4
Nancy Kim, Roxanna Juarez, Angela D Levy
In patients with end-stage renal disease, the treatment of choice for most patients is renal transplantation. Complications that occur after kidney transplant can be broadly divided into vascular and non-vascular categories. Non-vascular complications can further be divided into surgical and medical categories. When evaluating renal transplant imaging, it is helpful to consider the occurrence of complications in a timeline from time of surgery. Ultrasound is often the first modality used for evaluation of renal transplants particularly in the early postoperative period...
March 17, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540301/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-the-soybean-leaffolder-omiodes-indicata-lepidoptera-pyraloidea-crambidae-and-phylogenetic-analysis-for-pyraloidea
#5
Mingsheng Yang, Lu Song, Jianhang Mao, Yuxia Shi, Changjing Wu, Yunxia Zhang, Li Huang, Weifeng Peng, Xiaomeng Liu
Complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of the Omiodes indicata was sequenced and characterized. The circular mitogenome is 15,367 bp long, including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), and an A + T-rich region. Nucleotide composition is highly biased toward A + T nucleotides (81.6%). All 13 PCGs initiate with canonical start codon (ATN), except for cox1 that initiates with CGA. All tRNAs have a typical clover-leaf structure, except for trnS1 (AGN) in which the base pairs of the dihydrouridine (DHU) arm are reduced...
March 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527647/sorption-of-selected-pharmaceuticals-by-a-river-sediment-role-and-mechanisms-of-sediment-or-aldrich-humic-substances
#6
Thibaut Le Guet, Ilham Hsini, Jérôme Labanowski, Leslie Mondamert
Sorption of pharmaceuticals onto sediments is frequently related to organic matter content. Thus, the present work aimed to compare the effect of humic substances (HS) extracted from a river sediment versus Aldrich (HS) on the sorption of selected pharmaceuticals onto this river sediment. The results exhibited no "unique" effect of the presence of HS from the same origin. Thus, the sediment HS increased the sorption of sulfamethoxazole (SMX), diclofenac (DCF), and trimethoprim (TMP), but reduced the sorption of atenolol (ATN)...
March 11, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519954/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-associates-with-death-in-critically-ill-patients
#7
David E Leaf, Edward D Siew, Michele F Eisenga, Karandeep Singh, Finnian R Mc Causland, Anand Srivastava, T Alp Ikizler, Lorraine B Ware, Adit A Ginde, John A Kellum, Paul M Palevsky, Myles Wolf, Sushrut S Waikar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dysregulated mineral metabolism is a common and potentially maladaptive feature of critical illness, especially in patients with AKI, but its association with death has not been comprehensively investigated. We sought to determine whether elevated plasma levels of the osteocyte-derived, vitamin D-regulating hormone, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), are prospectively associated with death in critically ill patients with AKI requiring RRT, and in a general cohort of critically ill patients with and without AKI...
April 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502235/inhibition-of-integrin-%C3%AE-5%C3%AE-1-ameliorates-vegf-induced-retinal-neovascularization-and-leakage-by-suppressing-nlrp3-inflammasome-signaling-in-a-mouse-model
#8
Ailing Sui, Yisheng Zhong, Anna M Demetriades, Qing Lu, Yujuan Cai, Yushuo Gao, Yanji Zhu, Xi Shen, Bing Xie
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of inhibiting integrin α5β1 by ATN-161 on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced neovascularization (NV) and leakage causing retinal detachment in adult Tet/opsin/VEGF transgenic mice, and characterize the underlying mechanism of its function. METHOD: Retinas from adult Tet/opsin/VEGF transgenic mice and human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) exposed to VEGF (treated with ATN-161 or PBS) were used to carry out immunofluorescence, RT-PCR and western blot to examine expression levels of integrin α5β1 and the NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome...
March 3, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501752/mitochondrial-genome-characteristics-of-two-sphingidae-insects-psilogramma-increta-and-macroglossum-stellatarum-and-implications-for-their-phylogeny
#9
Jun Li, Yaoyao Zhang, Kunjie Hu, Yaqi Zhao, Ruirui Lin, Yan Li, Zhuoran Huang, Xu Zhang, Xuexia Geng, Jianhua Ding
In this study, complete mitogenomes of P. increta and M. stellatarum (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) were sequenced and compared with other Sphingidae species. The mitogenomes containing 37 genes and a AT rich region are circular molecules with 15,252 and 15,290 base pairs in length respectively. Except cox1 all 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs) are initiated by ATN codons. Most of PCGs terminate with TAA except nad5 and cox1 in P. increta and nad5 and cox2 in M. stellatarum. Ile and Leu2 are the most frequently used codon families in both species and codons CGC, CCG, TCG and ACG are absent in P...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495588/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-suwallia-teleckojensis-plecoptera-chloroperlidae-and-implications-for-the-higher-phylogeny-of-stoneflies
#10
Ying Wang, Jin-Jun Cao, Wei-Hai Li
Stoneflies comprise an ancient group of insects, but the phylogenetic position of Plecoptera and phylogenetic relations within Plecoptera have long been controversial, and more molecular data is required to reconstruct precise phylogeny. Herein, we present the complete mitogenome of a stonefly, Suwallia teleckojensis , which is 16146 bp in length and consists of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 2 ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), 22 transfer RNAs (tRNAs) and a control region (CR). Most PCGs initiate with the standard start codon ATN...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462677/characterization-of-the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-biston-marginata-lepidoptera-geometridae-and-phylogenetic-analysis-among-lepidopteran-insects
#11
Nan Zheng, Yu-Xuan Sun, Liang-Li Yang, Liang Wu, Muhammad Nadeem Abbas, Chen Chen, Jin Gao, Xiao-Kun Li, Chao-Liang Liu, Li-Shang Dai
The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Biston marginata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) was determined and annotated. The circular genome is 15,470 bp long and it contains the entire set of 37 genes usually present in lepidopteran mitogenomes. The nucleotide composition of the genome is highly A + T biased, accounting for 81.20%, with a slightly positive AT skewness (0.028), indicating the occurrence of more As than Ts, as found in other Geometridae species. Except for cox1 gene starts with non-canonical initial codon CGA, all protein-coding genes start with ATN codon...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462429/a-glycomics-approach-to-discover-novel-renal-biomarkers-in-birds-by-administration-of-cisplatin-and-diclofenac-to-chickens
#12
C Ishii, Y Ikenaka, O Ichii, S M M Nakayama, S-I Nishimura, T Ohashi, M Tanaka, H Mizukawa, M Ishizuka
Avian species have a unique renal structure and abundant blood flow into the kidneys. Although many birds die due to nephrotoxicity caused by chemicals, there are no early biomarkers for renal lesions. Uric acid level in blood, which is generally used as a renal biomarker, is altered when the kidney function is damaged by over 70%. Therefore, early biomarkers for kidney injury in birds are needed. In humans, glycomics has been at the forefront of biological and medical sciences, and glycans are used as biomarkers of diseases, such as carcinoma...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455553/correlates-of-missed-clinic-visits-among-youth-living-with-hiv
#13
Nicholas Tarantino, Larry K Brown, Laura Whiteley, M Isabel Fernández, Sharon L Nichols, Gary Harper
Youth living with HIV (YLH) have significant problems with attending their medical appointments. Poor attendance, consequently, predicts viral non-suppression and other negative health outcomes. To identity targets of intervention, this cross-sectional study examined correlates of past-year missed clinic visits among YLH (N = 2125) attending HIV clinics in the United States and Puerto Rico. Thirty-six percent of YLH missed two or more visits in the past year. Several factors were associated with missed visits in our regression model...
February 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454470/intracerebral-electroencephalography-in-targeting-anterior-thalamic-nucleus-for-deep-brain-stimulation-in-refractory-epilepsy
#14
Marlena Hupalo, Rafal Wojcik, Dariusz J Jaskolski
BACKGROUND: Results of DBS of ATN in refractory epilepsy depend on accuracy of the electrode's location. We searched for characteristic intraoperative, intracerebral EEG recording pattern from anterior thalamic nuclei (ATNs) as a biological marker for verifying the electrode's position. METHODS: There were six patients with refractory epilepsy scheduled for deep brain stimulation (DBS) procedure. At surgery, to map the target, we recorded EEG from each lead of DBS electrodes...
February 6, 2018: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452567/a-critical-role-for-both-cd40-and-vla5-in-angiotensin-ii-mediated-thrombosis-and-inflammation
#15
Elena Y Senchenkova, Janice Russell, Shantel A Vital, Alper Yildirim, A Wayne Orr, D Neil Granger, Felicity N E Gavins
Angiotensin II (Ang-II)-induced hypertension is associated with accelerated thrombus formation in arterioles and leukocyte recruitment in venules. The mechanisms that underlie the prothrombotic and proinflammatory responses to chronic Ang-II administration remain poorly understood. We evaluated the role of CD40/CD40 ligand (CD40L) signaling in Ang-II-mediated microvascular responses and assessed whether and how soluble CD40L (sCD40L) contributes to this response. Intravital video microscopy was performed to analyze leukocyte recruitment and dihydrorhodamine-123 oxidation in postcapillary venules...
February 8, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400400/interaction-effects-of-neighborhood-disadvantage-and-individual-social-support-on-frequency-of-alcohol-use-in-youth-living-with-hiv
#16
Leslie Ann D Brick, Nicole R Nugent, Shoshana Y Kahana, Douglas Bruce, Mary R Tanney, M Isabel Fernández, Jose A Bauermeister
Youth living with HIV (YLH) experience multiple disease-related stresses along with the same structural and developmental challenges faced by their uninfected peers; alcohol use among YLH represents a risk behavior by virtue of potential effects on youth health and increased likelihood of engaging in unprotected sex while drinking alcohol. Research aimed at better understanding the interplay of individual- and neighborhood-level influences on alcohol use for YLH is needed to inform interventions. This study examined whether socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) and social support influence, independently and through interaction, alcohol use in YLH...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369449/biomarkers-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-decompensated-cirrhosis-a-prospective-study
#17
David A Jaques, Laurent Spahr, Gregory Berra, Vincent Poffet, Pierre Lescuyer, Eric Gerstel, Nicolas Garin, Pierre-Yves Martin, Belen Ponte
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication in cirrhotic patients. As serum creatinine is a poor marker of renal function in this population, we aimed to study the utility of several biomarkers in this context. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in hospitalized patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Serum creatinine (SCr), Cystatin C (CystC), NGAL and urinary NGAL, KIM-1, protein, albumin and sodium were measured on three separate occasions...
January 25, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340149/acute-kidney-injury-due-to-multiple-hymenoptera-stings-a-clinicopathological-study
#18
Sanjay Vikrant, Anupam Parashar
Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after multiple Hymenoptera stings is well known but still a rare phenomenon. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of the clinicopathological spectrum of AKI due to multiple Hymenoptera stings over 13 years (July 2003-June 2016). Results: A total of 35 patients were diagnosed with AKI due to multiple Hymenoptera stings. The mean age of the patients was 44.7 ± 17.4 years and the majority (60%) were men...
August 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330063/risk-of-ischemic-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyung-Ah Park, Sei Yeul Oh
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk of acute tubular necrosis (ATN) in patients with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. METHODS: This is a nationwide, population-based, retrospective study using data from the Korean national health claims database from 2011 through 2015. Patients with NAION and randomly selected control subjects from the entire population of South Korea were enrolled...
March 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325220/profile-risk-factors-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-paediatric-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure
#20
Bikrant B Lal, Seema Alam, Vikrant Sood, Dinesh Rawat, Rajeev Khanna
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There are no studies on acute kidney injury in paediatric acute-on-chronic liver failure. This study was planned with aim to describe the clinical presentation and outcome of acute kidney injury among paediatric acute-on-chronic liver failure patients. METHODS: Data of all children 1-18 years of age presenting with acute chronic liver failure (Asia pacific association for the study of the liver definition) was reviewed. Acute kidney injury was defined as per Kidney Diseases-Improving Global Outcomes guidelines...
January 11, 2018: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
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