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Liuyu Wu, Xiao Xiong, Xuming Wang, Tianrong Xin, Jing Wang, Zhiwen Zou, Bin Xia
The bluish yellow lappet moth, Trabala vishnou guttata is an extraordinarily important pest in China. The complete mitochondrial genome is sequenced and determined firstly, which is based on traditional PCR amplification and primer walking methods with a length of 15,281 bp, including 13 protein-coding (PCG) genes, 22 transfer RNA (rRNA) genes, two ribosomal RNA (tRNA) genes, and an A + T-rich region. The gene order and orientation of the T. vishnou guttata mitogenome were identical to the other sequenced Lasiocampidae species...
October 21, 2016: Genetica
Qiu-Ning Liu, Zhao-Zhe Xin, Dan-Dan Bian, Xin-Yue Chai, Chun-Lin Zhou, Bo-Ping Tang
The mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) provides important information for understanding molecular evolution and phylogeny. To determine the systematic status of the family Limacodidae within Lepidoptera, we infer a phylogenetic hypothesis based on the complete mitogenome of Monema flavescens (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae). The mitogenome of M. flavescens is 15,396 base pairs (bp), and includes 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), two ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and a control region (CR)...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ramachandran Rameshkumar, Sriram Krishnamurthy, Rajesh Nachiappa Ganesh, Subramanian Mahadevan, Parameswaran Narayanan, Ponnarmeni Satheesh, Puneet Jain
BACKGROUND: Septic acute kidney injury (AKI) accounts for more than half of all cases of AKI in critically ill children. The renal histology was found to alter the management in more than two-third of cases of adult acute renal failure. Better insight into the pathogenesis of pediatric septic AKI could be based on developing a clearer appreciation of the histopathological changes. No comprehensive study of the histopathological features of septic AKI in critically ill children has yet been performed...
October 13, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Dongzhi Yang, Gregory W Severin, Casey A Dougherty, Rachel Lombardi, Daiqin Chen, Marcian E Van Dort, Todd E Barnhart, Brian D Ross, Andrew P Mazar, Hao Hong
Mounting evidence suggests that the urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) play a central role in tumor progression. The goal of this study was to develop an 89Zr-labeled, antibody-based positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for quantitative imaging of the uPA/uPAR system. An anti-uPA monoclonal antibody (ATN-291) was conjugated with a deferoxamine (Df) derivative and subsequently labeled with 89Zr. Flow cytometry, microscopy studies, and competitive binding assays were conducted to validate the binding specificity of Df-ATN-291 against uPA...
October 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Xing-Shi Gu, Li Ma, Xing Wang, Guo-Hua Huang
The bombycid moth, Andraca theae (Matsumura) (Lepidoptera: Bombycoidea) is an important pest of tea in southeastern China. In the present study, the mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of A. theae was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. The complete mitogenome of A. theae, encoding 37 genes, was 15,737 bp in length (Genbank no. KX365419), and consisted of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 tRNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes and an adenine (A) + thymine (T)-rich region (AT-rich region). The gene order of A...
2016: Journal of Insect Science
Daniel S Oliveira, Tiago M F F Gomes, Elgion L S Loreto
The partial mitochondrial genome sequence of Leptopilina boulardi (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) was characterized. Illumina sequencing was used yielding 35,999,679 reads, from which 102,482 were utilized in the assembly. The length of the sequenced region of this partial mitochondrial genome is 15,417 bp, consisting of 13 protein-coding, two rRNA, and 21tRNA genes (the trnaM failed to be sequenced) and a partial A+T-rich region. All protein-coding genes start with ATN codons. Eleven protein-coding genes presented TAA stop codons, whereas ND6 and COII that presented TA, and T nucleotides, respectively...
September 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Biology
Sybil Hosek, Bret Rudy, Raphael Landovitz, Bill Kapogiannis, George Siberry, Brandy Rutledge, Nancy Liu, Jennifer Brothers, Kathleen Mulligan, Gregory Zimet, Michelle Lally, Ken Mayer, Peter Anderson, Jennifer Kiser, Jim Rooney, Craig M Wilson
BACKGROUND: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are a key population for implementation of PrEP interventions. This open-label study examined adherence to PrEP and assessed sexual behavior among a diverse sample of YMSM in 12 U.S. cities. METHODS: Eligible participants were 18-22 year old HIV-uninfected MSM who reported HIV transmission risk behavior in the past 6 months. Participants were provided daily TDF/FTC (Truvada®). Study visits occurred at baseline, monthly through week 12, then quarterly through week 48...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Jacob J van den Berg, M Isabel Fernández, Joseph L Fava, Don Operario, Bret J Rudy, Patrick A Wilson
Identifying risk and protective factors associated with condomless sex among youth living with HIV is imperative for developing effective HIV prevention strategies. A cross-sectional sample of 1728 participants, 12-26 years of age, recruited from adolescent medicine clinics in 17 U.S. cities completed an audio-computer assisted self-interview with questions about their substance use, psychosocial factors, and attitudinal and behavioral factors. Guided by syndemics theory, a path analysis was used to assess the interrelations of these factors...
September 13, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Elizabeth Scheid, Pierre Major, Alain Bergeron, Olivera J Finn, Russell D Salter, Robin Eady, Bader Yassine-Diab, David Favre, Yoav Peretz, Claire Landry, Sebastien Hotte, Som D Mukherjee, Gregory A Dekaban, Corby Fink, Paula J Foster, Jeffery Gaudet, Jean Gariepy, Rafick-Pierre Sekaly, Louis Lacombe, Yves Fradet, Ronan Foley
MUC1 is a glycoprotein expressed on the apical surface of ductal epithelial cells. Malignant transformation results in loss of polarization and overexpression of hypoglycosylated MUC1 carrying truncated carbohydrates known as T or Tn tumor antigens. Tumor MUC1 bearing Tn carbohydrates (Tn-MUC1) represent a potential target for immunotherapy. We evaluated the Tn-MUC1 glycopeptide in a human phase I/II clinical trial for safety that followed a preclinical study of different glycosylation forms of MUC1 in rhesus macaques, whose MUC1 is highly homologous to human MUC1...
October 2016: Cancer Immunology Research
Hefziba Green, Ana Tobar, Anat Gafter-Gvili, Leonard Leibovici, Tirza Klein, Ruth Rahamimov, Eytan Mor, Alon Grossman
BACKGROUND: Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels may help to distinguish ischemic acute tubular necrosis (ATN) from acute rejection after kidney transplantation. METHODS: All kidney biopsies performed in the years 2010 to 2012 were reviewed. Serum LDH, creatinine level, clinical variables, and presence of donor-specific antibodies were recorded before the biopsy. RESULTS: Overall 150 biopsies were included. Ischemic ATN was diagnosed in 45 biopsies and acute cellular-mediated rejection and/or antibody-mediated rejection in 59 biopsies, 38 of which were accompanied by ATN...
August 23, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
Zhi-Teng Chen, Li-Xia Mu, Ji-Rui Wang, Yu-Zhou Du
In this study, we sequenced the complete mitochondrial genome (15,220 bp) of the citrus spiny whitefly, Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Quaintance), a well-known pest from the superfamily Aleyrodidae. The A. spiniferus mitogenome contains 36 genes, including 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 21 transfer RNAs (tRNA), two ribosomal RNAs (rRNA) and a large non-coding region (control region, CR). Like most whiteflies, the A. spiniferus mitogenome had a large degree of rearrangement due to translocation of the nad3-trnG-cox3 gene cluster...
2016: PloS One
Hasita Horlad, Koji Ohnishi, Chaoya Ma, Yukio Fujiwara, Daisuke Niino, Koichi Ohshima, Masahisa Jinushi, Masao Matsuoka, Motohiro Takeya, Yoshihiro Komohara
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), an aggressive type of malignant lymphoma, is highly resistant to chemotherapy. However, the detailed mechanisms of the chemoresistance of ATLL have never been elucidated. We previously demonstrated that direct cell-cell interaction between macrophages and lymphoma cells was significantly associated with lymphoma progression in patients with ATLL. The present study aimed to further analyze the effects of cell-cell interaction between macrophages and ATLL cells by means of cell culture studies and immunohistochemical analysis using human ATLL samples...
August 2016: Oncology Letters
Qian-Chun Luo, You-Jin Hao, Fengxia Meng, Ting-Jing Li, Yi-Ran Ding, Ya-Qiong Hua, Bin Chen
BACKGROUND: Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Culex pipiens pallens are the major vectors of the Japanese encephalitis virus and Wuchereria bancrofti, the causative agent of filariasis. The knowledge of mitochondrial genomes has been widely useful for the studies on molecular evolution, phylogenetics and population genetics. METHODS: In this study, we sequenced and annotated the mitochondrial (mt) genomes of Cx. tritaeniorhynchus and Cx. p. pallens, and performed a comparative analysis including four known mt genomes of species of the subgenus Culex (Culex)...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
Israel Moses Gross, Sybil Hosek, Maryse Heather Richards, M Isabel Fernandez
Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial for thwarting HIV disease progression and reducing secondary HIV transmission, yet youth living with HIV (YLH) struggle with adherence. The highest rates of new HIV infections in the United States occur in young African American men. A sample of 387 HIV-positive young African American males on ART was selected from a cross-sectional assessment of (YLH) receiving medical care within the Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN) from 2010 to 2012 (12-24 years old, median 22...
July 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Jun-Hong Lin, Wei-Chuan Zhou, Hong-Li Ding, Pei Wang, Hong-Mu Ai
The land snail Cernuella virgata (da Costa, 1778) is widely considered as a pest to be quarantined in most countries. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of Cernuella virgata is published. The mitochondrial genome has a length of 14,147 bp a DNA base composition of 29.07% A, 36.88% T, 15.59% C and 18.46% G, encoding 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and two ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes. The complete nucleotide composition was biased toward adenine and thymine, A+T accounting for 69...
2016: ZooKeys
Inga Skarupskiene, Vilma Balciuviene, Edita Ziginskiene, Vytautas Kuzminskis, Ruta Vaiciuniene, Inga Arune Bumblyte
BACKGROUND: Despite improvement in the quality of critical care, the incidence and mortality of acute kidney injury (AKI) continues to rise. The aim of our study was to analyze the changes during a 12-year period in etiology, incidence and outcomes of severe AKI, which required dialysis, in a large single centre. METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of all the patients (n=3215) with severe AKI hospitalized and dialysed in the hospital of Lithuanian university of health sciences Kauno Klinikos (HLUHS KK) during the period of 2001-2012...
June 16, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
A R Sitnikov, Yu A Grigoryan, L P Mishnyakova
BACKGROUND: Identification of the crucial role of the anterior thalamic nuclei (ATN) in the generalization of seizures led to increased interest in surgical interventions in this particular area in intractable epilepsy patients. Simulation of ATN destruction in animals demonstrated its high efficacy for both preventing the seizure development and reducing the seizure rate. However, bilateral radiofrequency destruction of the anterior thalamic nuclei in humans has not yet bee described...
2016: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
Julie M Butler, Karen P Maruska
Animals use multiple senses during social interactions and must integrate this information in the brain to make context-dependent behavioral decisions. For fishes, the largest group of vertebrates, the mechanosensory lateral line system provides crucial hydrodynamic information for survival behaviors, but little is known about its function in social communication. Our previous work using the African cichlid fish, Astatotilapia burtoni, provided the first empirical evidence that fish use their lateral line system to detect water movements from conspecifics for mutual assessment and behavioral choices...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Cherrie B Boyer, Bendu C Walker, Kate S Chutuape, Jessica Roy, J Dennis Fortenberry
Routine population-wide HIV screening, early linkage and long-term retention in healthcare for HIV-infected individuals are key nodes of the HIV continuum of care and are essential elements of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy. Despite this, up to 80% of youth are unaware of their HIV infection status and only 29% are linked to HIV healthcare; less than half are engaged in long-term HIV healthcare, and far fewer maintain viral suppression. To fill this gap and to address the national call to action to establish a seamless system for immediate linkage to continuous and coordinated quality healthcare after diagnosis, this paper describes the processes and mechanisms by which the SMILE Program worked within the infrastructure of the ATN-affiliated Connect to Protect(®) (C2P) community coalitions to address structural barriers that hindered youth in their communities from being tested for HIV infection or linked and engaged in healthcare after an HIV positive diagnosis...
2016: Journal of HIV/AIDS & Social Services
Claire Francoz, Mitra K Nadim, François Durand
Impaired renal function due to acute kidney injury (AKI) and/or chronic kidney diseases (CKD) is frequent in cirrhosis. Recurrent episodes of AKI may occur in end-stage cirrhosis. Differential diagnosis between functional (prerenal and hepatorenal syndrome) and acute tubular necrosis (ATN) is crucial. The concept that AKI and CKD represent a continuum rather than distinct entities, is now emerging. Not all patients with AKI have a potential for full recovery. Precise evaluation of kidney function and identification of kidney changes in patients with cirrhosis is central in predicting reversibility...
October 2016: Journal of Hepatology
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