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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567309/why-national-biomechanics-day
#1
Paul DeVita
National Biomechanics Day (NBD) seeks to expand the influence and impact of Biomechanics on our society by expanding the awareness of Biomechanics among young people. NBD will manifest this goal through worldwide, synchronized and coordinated celebrations and demonstrations of all things Biomechanics with high school students. NBD invites all Biomechanists to participate in NBD 2018, http://nationalbiomechanicsday.asbweb.org/.
March 14, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482909/why-rrs-where-rrs
#2
EDITORIAL
Michael A DeVita, Kenneth Hillman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482900/trigger-criteria-big-data
#3
REVIEW
Kim Moi Wong Lama, Michael A DeVita
Electronic medical records can be used to mine clinical data (big data), providing automated analysis during patient care. This article describes the source and potential impact of big data analysis on risk stratification and early detection of deterioration. It compares use of big data analysis with existing methods of identifying at-risk patients who require rapid response. Aggregate weighted scoring systems combined with big data analysis offer an opportunity to detect clinical changes that precede rapid response team activation...
April 2018: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453707/brief-report-when-large-becomes-slow-zooming-out-visual-attention-is-associated-to-orienting-deficits-in-autism
#4
Luca Ronconi, Maria Devita, Massimo Molteni, Simone Gori, Andrea Facoetti
Previous studies independently demonstrated impairments in rapid orienting/disengagement and zooming-out of spatial attention in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). These attentional mechanisms, however, are not completely independent. Aiming at a more complete picture of spatial attention deficits in ASD, we examined the relationship between orienting and zooming in participants with ASD and typically developing peers. We modified a classical spatial cuing task, presenting two small or large cues in the two visual hemifields and subsequently cueing attention to one of them...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446335/implementing-illness-management-and-recovery-within-assertive-community-treatment-a-pilot-trial-of-feasibility-and-effectiveness
#5
Maria Monroe-DeVita, Gary Morse, Kim T Mueser, Gregory J McHugo, Haiyi Xie, Kevin A Hallgren, Roselyn Peterson, Joris Miller, Christopher Akiba, Mary York, Susan Gingerich, Bryan Stiles
OBJECTIVE: In a pilot feasibility and effectiveness study, illness management and recovery (IMR), a curriculum-based program to help people with serious mental illness pursue personal recovery goals, was integrated into assertive community treatment (ACT) to improve participants' recovery and functioning. METHODS: A small-scale cluster randomized controlled design was used to test implementation of IMR within ACT teams in two states. Eight high-fidelity ACT teams were assigned to provide IMR (ACT+IMR; four teams) or standard ACT services (ACT only; four teams)...
February 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395227/the-relationships-between-physical-capacity-and-biomechanical-plasticity-in-old-adults-during-level-and-incline-walking
#6
Daniel Kuhman, John Willson, J C Mizelle, Paul DeVita
Old compared to young adults exhibit increased hip and decreased ankle mechanical output during walking - a phenomenon known as biomechanical plasticity. Previous comparison studies suggest that low compared to high capacity old adults exhibit larger magnitudes of this plasticity, however the precise relationship between capacity and plasticity magnitude remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to quantify the relationships between physical capacity and biomechanical plasticity magnitude during level and incline walking...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369244/gastric-lipoma-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Kaushik Chagarlamudi, Robert Devita, Richard G Barr
Gastric lipoma is a rare benign tumor of the stomach. The imaging characteristics are diagnostic because the lesion has fat attenuation on computed tomography and demonstrates characteristics of fat on magnetic resonance images. On ultrasound, the lesion can be identified as a lesion hypoechoic to the gastric mucosa that is soft, but the mass cannot be displaced with compression. Identifying these imaging characteristics can prevent biopsy or surgery in asymptomatic patients. Although this lesion is benign, it can cause gastric obstruction...
January 23, 2018: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356438/impact-of-tobacco-alcohol-and-cannabis-use-on-treatment-outcomes-among-patients-experiencing-first-episode-psychosis-data-from-the-national-raise-etp-study
#8
Oladunni Oluwoye, Maria Monroe-DeVita, Ekaterina Burduli, Lydia Chwastiak, Sterling McPherson, Jon M McClellan, Michael G McDonell
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to examine the effect of recent tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use on treatment outcomes among participants experiencing first episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: Secondary data analyses were conducted on 404 participants enrolled in the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode-Early Treatment Program (RAISE-ETP) study. RAISE-ETP investigated the effectiveness of a coordinated specialty care (CSC) intervention for FEP in community mental health agencies in the United States...
January 22, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224505/progress-in-the-treatment-of-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#9
LETTER
Dan L Longo, Vincent T DeVita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173285/expanding-the-scope-of-the-rapid-response-system
#10
EDITORIAL
Michael DeVita, Kenneth M Hillman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092634/motivational-interviewing-and-fruit-vegetable-consumption-in-older-adults
#11
Joanne Kraenzle Schneider, Choochart Wong-Anuchit, Devita Stallings, Mary M Krieger
Evidence supports the relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) and risk reduction for several illness conditions, even for older adults. Thus, we examined the effects of motivational interviewing (MI) on FVC in adults with a mean age ≥60. We chose MI because of its growing popularity as an effective behavior change strategy and because the person-centered MI principles are a good fit for older adults. We searched 10 electronic databases, several journals, and unpublished and fugitive literature...
December 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074289/gait-biomechanics-of-skipping-are-substantially-different-than-those-of-running
#12
Jessica McDonnell, John D Willson, Kevin A Zwetsloot, Joseph Houmard, Paul DeVita
The inherit injury risk associated with high-impact exercises calls for alternative ways to achieve the benefits of aerobic exercise while minimizing excessive stresses to body tissues. Skipping presents such an alternative, incorporating double support, flight, and single support phases. We used ground reaction forces (GRFs), lower extremity joint torques and powers to compare skipping and running in 20 healthy adults. The two consecutive skipping steps on each limb differed significantly from each other, and from running...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022278/alzheimer-caf%C3%A3-an-approach-focused-on-alzheimer-s-patients-but-with-remarkable-values-on-the-quality-of-life-of-their-caregivers
#13
Paola Merlo, Maria Devita, Alessandra Mandelli, Maria Luisa Rusconi, Raquel Taddeucci, Alice Terzi, Gianpiero Arosio, Maria Bellati, Maura Gavazzeni, Sara Mondini
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) affects the global quality of life of persons who suffer from it and their caregivers, because of the behavioral and psychological consequences associated with the pathology and its caring. The Alzheimer Café (AC) is one example of approach aimed to help persons and caregivers deal with their disease. AIM: This is a pilot study focusing on the efficacy of AC in relieving caregivers' and persons' burdens due to dementia. METHODS: The quality of life of both caregivers and persons who attended the AC was compared with the quality of life of those who did not...
October 11, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016393/biomechanical-implications-of-training-volume-and-intensity-in-aging-runners
#14
Max R Paquette, Paul Devita, D S Blaise Williams
Running speed is slower in middle-age compared with younger runners due to reduced ankle but not hip and knee kinetic output. Running-specific training helps attenuate age-related declines in measures of endurance, muscle strength, and gait speed. Considering the adaptability of the human body in response to imposed stresses, maintaining training volume and intensity may play a role in modifying running biomechanics in middle-age runners. PURPOSE: To compare running biomechanics between young and middle-age runners when controlling for the confounding effects of training volume and intensity...
March 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993211/global-cognitive-profile-and-different-components-of-reaction-times-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-over-time
#15
Maria Devita, Andrea Zangrossi, Maurizio Marvisi, Paola Merlo, Maria Luisa Rusconi, Sara Mondini
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has been recurrently associated with cognitive and psychomotor impairments. However, the occurrence and possible reversibility of these deficits are still extremely controversial, also as a result of different methodologies adopted used by scholars. The aim of the present study was to compare over time the global cognitive profile of patients with OSAS undergoing the continuous positive airway pressure treatment (CPAP; N=23) with that of patients with OSAS who were not (N=10)...
January 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975489/use-of-lung-ultrasonography-to-determine-the-accuracy-of-clinically-estimated-dry-weight-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Chuan Jiang, Satyam Patel, Andrew Moses, Maria V DeVita, Michael F Michelis
PURPOSE: The use of lung ultrasound (LUS) to identify extravascular lung water has received increasing acceptance. Sonographic B-lines, discrete vertical lines that originate from the pleura, represent pulmonary edema and are correlated with the accumulation of fluid. The goal of this study was to evaluate the utility of LUS to determine the accuracy of prescribed dry weight (DW) in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and to ascertain the adequacy of fluid removal. METHODS: LUS was scheduled to be performed pre- and post-HD in 20 patients...
December 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700954/cognitive-and-motor-reaction-times-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-study-based-on-computerized-measures
#17
Maria Devita, Sonia Montemurro, Andrea Zangrossi, Sara Ramponi, Maurizio Marvisi, Daniele Villani, Maria Clara Raimondi, Paola Merlo, Maria Luisa Rusconi, Sara Mondini
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) is mainly associated with executive dysfunction. Although delayed reaction times (RTs) in patients with OSAS have been reported, sensitivity of processing speed has not been adequately assessed. This study suggests sensitive and reliable measures to clarify whether different components of information processing speed, i.e. cognitive and motor responses, are equally impaired in OSAS. Thirty-three patients with OSAS were compared with thirty healthy controls. The MoCA test was administered to assess participants' global neuropsychological profile...
July 9, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673223/proceedings-of-the-12th-international-conference-on-rapid-response-systems-and-medical-emergency-teams
#18
D Jones, J Holmes, J Currey, E Fugaccia, A J Psirides, M Y Singh, G J Fennessy, K Hillman, D V Pilcher, R Bellomo, M DeVita
Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) have been introduced into hospitals worldwide in an effort to improve the outcomes of deteriorating hospitalised patients. Recently, there has been increased awareness of the need to develop systems other than RRTs for deteriorating patients. In May 2016, the 12th International Conference on Rapid Response Systems and Medical Emergency Teams was held in Melbourne. This represented a collaboration between the newly constituted International Society for Rapid Response Systems (iSRRS) and the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society...
July 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661729/epr-and-udcdd-a-response-to-commentaries
#19
Arjun Prabhu, Lisa S Parker, Michael A DeVita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598910/power-training-induced-increases-in-muscle-activation-during-gait-in-old-adults
#20
Chantal M I Beijersbergen, Urs Granacher, Martijn Gäbler, Paul Devita, Tibor Hortobágyi
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: Aging modifies neuromuscular activation of agonist and antagonist muscles during walking. Power training can evoke adaptations in neuromuscular activation that underlie gains in muscle strength and power but it is unknown if these adaptations transfer to dynamic tasks such as walking. We examined the effects of lower-extremity power training on neuromuscular activation during level gait in old adults. METHODS: Twelve community-dwelling old adults (age ≥ 65 yr) completed a 10-wk lower-extremity power training program and 13 old adults completed a 10-wk control period...
November 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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