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Beta cells AND Curcumin

Xia Yang, Jian-Ning Lv, Hui Li, Bo Jiao, Qiu-Hong Zhang, Yong Zhang, Jie Zhang, Yan-Qin Liu, Ming Zhang, Hu Shan, Jin-Zhao Zhang, Run-Miao Wu, Ya-Li Li
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory, heterogeneous airway disease affecting millions of people around the world. Curcumin has been found to have anti-inflammatory and antifibrosis effects. Researchers reported that curcumin regulated Wnt/b-catenin signaling in lots of cells. However, whether curcumin regulates the levels of Wnt/ b-Catenin signaling in lung tissues and DCs (dendritic cells) remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the effects of curcumin on DCs and asthma. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice immunized with OVA (ovalbumin) were challenged thrice with an aerosol of OVA every second day for 8 days...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Weixi Liu, Hang Ma, Nicholas A DaSilva, Kenneth N Rose, Shelby L Johnson, Lu Zhang, Chunpeng Wan, Joel A Dain, Navindra P Seeram
Medicinal plants are promising candidates for Alzheimer's disease (AD) research but there is lack of systematic algorithms and procedures to guide their selection and evaluation. Herein, we developed a Neuroprotective Potential Algorithm (NPA) by evaluating twenty-three standardized and chemically characterized Ayurvedic medicinal plant extracts in a panel of bioassays targeting oxidative stress, carbonyl stress, protein glycation, amyloid beta (Aβ) fibrillation, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition, and neuroinflammation...
September 29, 2016: Neurochemistry International
Geetha Krishnan Gopalakrishna Pillai, Sonali S Bharate, Anshumali Awasthi, Ritu Verma, Gautam Mishra, Anu T Singh, Manu Jaggi, Ambrish Mithal, Ram A Vishwakarma
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The poly-herbal formulation DB14201 is a new combination of ayurvedic ingredients for treatment of diabetes. The aim of present study was to investigate safety and in vivo efficacy of DB14201 extract. Further this work was aimed to develop, characterize and standardize DB14201 extract and develop it as a botanical drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The polyherbal extract was standardized using four chemical markers. The LC-MS/MS method was developed for identification and quantification of mangiferin, berberine, kaempferol and curcumin...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Xiaonan Tan, Jaesik Han, Minhyung Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 10, 2015: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Cun-Dong Fan, Yuan Li, Xiao-Ting Fu, Qing-Jian Wu, Ya-Jun Hou, Ming-Feng Yang, Jing-Yi Sun, Xiao-Yan Fu, Zun-Cheng Zheng, Bao-Liang Sun
Progressive accumulation of beta-amyloid (Aβ) will form the senile plaques and cause oxidative damage and neuronal cell death, which was accepted as the major pathological mechanism to the Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hence, inhibition of Aβ-induced oxidative damage and neuronal cell apoptosis by agents with potential antioxidant properties represents one of the most effective strategies in combating human AD. Curcumin (Cur) a natural extraction from curcuma longa has potential of pharmacological efficacy, including the benefit to antagonize Aβ-induced neurotoxicity...
March 14, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Amit Pithadia, Jeffrey R Brender, Carol A Fierke, Ayyalusamy Ramamoorthy
Fibrillar aggregates of human islet amyloid polypeptide, hIAPP, a pathological feature seen in some diabetes patients, are a likely causative agent for pancreatic beta-cell toxicity, leading to a transition from a state of insulin resistance to type II diabetes through the loss of insulin producing beta-cells by hIAPP induced toxicity. Because of the probable link between hIAPP and the development of type II diabetes, there has been strong interest in developing reagents to study the aggregation of hIAPP and possible therapeutics to block its toxic effects...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Moumita Maiti, Krishna Chattopadhyay, Mukesh Verma, Brajadulal Chattopadhyay
Nicotine aggravates many chronic inflammatory disorders in females under the protein-malnourished conditions because women are more susceptible to nicotine-induced diseases due to their low innate immunity. Although curcumin have been found to obliterate the nicotine-induced disorders through its anti-nicotinic activity under the protein-malnourished condition, the exact mechanism of protective action of curcumin is still unclear. Female Wister rats maintained under the normal and protein-restricted diets in two separate groups were injected with the effective dose of nicotine-tartrate (2...
December 2015: Molecular Biology Reports
Bichitra N Nayak, Ginpreet Kaur, Harpal S Buttar
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to examine the anti-inflammatory effects of plant-derived products marketed for human health benefits. METHODS: The tumor necrotic factor-α (TNF-α) was used as a proinflammatory biomarker generated by mouse macrophage RAW 264.6 cells. The in vitro tested plant products include Saskatoon berry (SKB), quercetin, purified oat beta-glucan (OBG), curcumin, and turmeric. Quantification of TNF-α in cell culture supernatants was carried out using mouse TNF-α assay kit and the cell proliferation was determined by MTT (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay...
March 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
Zesi Lin, Lu-Cong Zheng, Hong-Jie Zhang, Siu Wai Tsang, Zhao-Xiang Bian
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic fibrosis is a prominent histopathological characteristic of chronic pancreatitis and plausibly a dynamic process of transition to the development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Conversely, the activation of pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) has been recently suggested as the key initiating step in pancreatic fibrosis. As natural polyphenols had been largely applied in complementary therapies in the past decade, in this study, we aimed to investigate which groups of phenolic compounds exert promising inhibitory actions on fibrogenesis as there are few effective strategies for the treatment of pancreatic fibrosis to date...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Matic Pavlin, Matej Repič, Robert Vianello, Janez Mavri
We collected experimental kinetic rate constants for chemical processes responsible for the development and progress of neurodegeneration, focused on the enzymatic and non-enzymatic degradation of amine neurotransmitters and their reactive and neurotoxic metabolites. A gross scheme of neurodegeneration on the molecular level is based on two pathways. Firstly, reactive species oxidise heavy atom ions, which enhances the interaction with alpha-synuclein, thus promoting its folding to the beta form and giving rise to insoluble amyloid plaques...
July 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Dairong Feng, Ruey-Chyi Su, Liping Zou, Barbara Triggs-Raine, Shangzhi Huang, Jiuyong Xie
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), an mRNA surveillance mechanism, eliminates premature termination codon-containing (PTC⁺) transcripts. For instance, it maintains the homeostasis of splicing factors and degrades aberrant transcripts of human genetic disease genes. Here we examine the inhibitory effect on the NMD pathway and consequent increase of PTC+ transcripts by the dietary compound curcumin. We have found that several PTC⁺ transcripts including that of serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 1 (SRSF1) were specifically increased in cells by curcumin...
August 2015: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Charlotte Sandersen, Dorothee Bienzle, Simona Cerri, Thierry Franck, Sandrine Derochette, Philippe Neven, Ange Mouytis-Mickalad, Didier Serteyn
BACKGROUND: Horses commonly suffer from chronic respiratory disease and are also used in large animal models of spontaneous or induced airway inflammation. The anti-inflammatory properties of curcumin are largely described but its low bioavailability precludes its clinical use. NDS27, a lysin salt of curcumin incorporated in beta-cyclodextrine, has high bioavailability and can be administered by inhalation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of inhaled NDS27 on inflammatory cytokines and proteins in the broncho-alveolar lavage fluid using a model of neutrophilic airway inflammation...
2015: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Elisa Buschini, Antonio M Fea, Carlo A Lavia, Marco Nassisi, Giulia Pignata, Marta Zola, Federico M Grignolo
Dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), also called geographic atrophy, is characterized by the atrophy of outer retinal layers and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells. Dry AMD accounts for 80% of all intermediate and advanced forms of the disease. Although vision loss is mainly due to the neovascular form (75%), dry AMD remains a challenge for ophthalmologists because of the lack of effective therapies. Actual management consists of lifestyle modification, vitamin supplements, and supportive measures in the advanced stages...
2015: Clinical Ophthalmology
Wenke Yin, Xiong Zhang, Yu Li
The APPswe plasmid was transfected into the neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y to establish a cell model of Alzheimer's disease. Graded concentration and time course experiments demonstrate that curcumin significantly upregulates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt, nuclear factor E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase 1 and ferritin expression, and that it significantly downregulates heme oxygenase 2, reactive oxygen species and amyloid-beta 40/42 expression. These effects of curcumin on PI3K, Akt and Nrf2 were blocked by LY294002 (PI3k inhibitor) and NF-E2-related factor-2 siRNA...
February 25, 2012: Neural Regeneration Research
Gulay Ciftci, Abdurrahman Aksoy, Sena Cenesiz, Mehtap Unlu Sogut, Gul Fatma Yarim, Cevat Nisbet, Dilek Guvenc, Ali Ertekin
PURPOSE: Formaldehyde is a common environmental contaminant that causes oxidative DNA damage in cells by increasing the production of reactive oxygen species. The aim of this study was to investigate the amount of 8-hydroxy-deoxyguanosine (8-OhdG), tumor protein 53(TP53), beta-amyloid[Aß(1-42), Aß (1-40)], total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) and the therapeutic role of curcumin in rat cells with oxidative DNA damage caused by formaldehyde. METHOD: The control group was given physiological saline for 15 days (i...
May 2015: Microscopy Research and Technique
Ji Ho Yun, Young Gyun Park, Kyung-Mi Lee, Jungho Kim, Chu Won Nho
SCOPE: Octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4) is a key regulator of pluripotent embryonic stem cell maintenance. However, increasing evidence has suggested that Oct4 is also expressed in cancer stem cells (CSCs) and is associated with tumor progression and chemoresistance. Curcumin (CUR) is a widely used cancer chemopreventive agent, and it has been used to treat several diseases including cancers. Here, we investigated whether CUR-induced apoptotic cell death by inhibiting Oct4 levels and examining molecular mechanisms in NCCIT human embryonic carcinoma cells...
June 2015: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Hui-Li Feng, Hui Fan, Hui-Zi Dang, Xiao-Pei Chen, Ying Ren, Jin-Duo Yang, Peng-Wen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes in Aβ40, Aβ42 and ADDLs in brains of 3 month-old APPswe/PS1dE9 double transgenic mice after six-month intervention with curcumin, in order to discuss the neuroprotective effect of curcumin. METHOD: APPswe/PS1dE9dtg mice were randomly divided into the model group, the Rosiglitazone group (10 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) and curcumin high (400 mg x kg9-1) x d(-1)), medium (200 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) and low (100 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) dosage groups, with C57/BL6J mice of the same age and the same background in the normal control group...
October 2014: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Muobarak Jaber Tuorkey
There is no doubt that diet could effectively improve health and halt cancers. Dietary phytochemical compounds and their derivatives represent a cornucopia of effectively anticancer compounds. This review discusses existing data on the anticancer activities of curcumin, and then offers possible explanations for and mechanisms of its cancer-preventive action. This review also offers insights into the molecular mechanism and targets through which curcumin modulates cell cycle, apoptotic signals, anti-apoptotic proteins, miRNAs, Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, protein kinases, nuclear factor-κB, proteasome activation, epigenetic regulation including DNA methylation and histone modification...
December 2014: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
W Feng, C X Yang, L Zhang, Y Fang, M Yan
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to explore the effect ofcurcumin on androgen receptor (AR) expression in endometrial carcinoma cells, as well as the underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Endometrial carcinoma cells were treated with curcumin (10, 50, and 100 micromol/l) for 12, 24, and 48 hours. Their growth curves were drawn using MTT assays and their apoptotic rates were determined using flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression of AR was detected using PCR and that of the Wnt signal related nucleopro- tein beta-cantenin was observed using western blot analysis...
2014: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Kahkashan Rashid, Parames C Sil
The phytochemical, curcumin, has been reported to play many beneficial roles. However, under diabetic conditions, the detail mechanism of its beneficial action in the glucose homeostasis regulatory organ, pancreas, is poorly understood. The present study has been designed and carried out to explore the role of curcumin in the pancreatic tissue of STZ induced and cellular stress mediated diabetes in eight weeks old male Wistar rats. Diabetes was induced with a single intraperitoneal dose of STZ (65 mg/kg body weight)...
February 1, 2015: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
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