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Bene israel

Yedael Y Waldman, Arjun Biddanda, Maya Dubrovsky, Christopher L Campbell, Carole Oddoux, Eitan Friedman, Gil Atzmon, Eran Halperin, Harry Ostrer, Alon Keinan
Cochin Jews form a small and unique community on the Malabar coast in southwest India. While the arrival time of any putative Jewish ancestors of the community has been speculated to have taken place as far back as biblical times (King Solomon's era), a Jewish community in the Malabar coast has been documented only since the 9th century CE. Here, we explore the genetic history of Cochin Jews by collecting and genotyping 21 community members and combining the data with that of 707 individuals from 72 other Indian, Jewish, and Pakistani populations, together with additional individuals from worldwide populations...
October 2016: Human Genetics
Yedael Y Waldman, Arjun Biddanda, Natalie R Davidson, Paul Billing-Ross, Maya Dubrovsky, Christopher L Campbell, Carole Oddoux, Eitan Friedman, Gil Atzmon, Eran Halperin, Harry Ostrer, Alon Keinan
The Bene Israel Jewish community from West India is a unique population whose history before the 18th century remains largely unknown. Bene Israel members consider themselves as descendants of Jews, yet the identity of Jewish ancestors and their arrival time to India are unknown, with speculations on arrival time varying between the 8th century BCE and the 6th century CE. Here, we characterize the genetic history of Bene Israel by collecting and genotyping 18 Bene Israel individuals. Combining with 486 individuals from 41 other Jewish, Indian and Pakistani populations, and additional individuals from worldwide populations, we conducted comprehensive genome-wide analyses based on FST, principal component analysis, ADMIXTURE, identity-by-descent sharing, admixture linkage disequilibrium decay, haplotype sharing and allele sharing autocorrelation decay, as well as contrasted patterns between the X chromosome and the autosomes...
2016: PloS One
Giovanni Cardone, Adam L Moyer, Naiqian Cheng, Cynthia D Thompson, Israel Dvoretzky, Douglas R Lowy, John T Schiller, Alasdair C Steven, Christopher B Buck, Benes L Trus
Papillomaviruses are a family of nonenveloped DNA viruses that infect the skin or mucosa of their vertebrate hosts. The viral life cycle is closely tied to the differentiation of infected keratinocytes. Papillomavirus virions are released into the environment through a process known as desquamation, in which keratinocytes lose structural integrity prior to being shed from the surface of the skin. During this process, virions are exposed to an increasingly oxidative environment, leading to their stabilization through the formation of disulfide cross-links between neighboring molecules of the major capsid protein, L1...
2014: MBio
Doron M Behar, Bayazit Yunusbayev, Mait Metspalu, Ene Metspalu, Saharon Rosset, Jüri Parik, Siiri Rootsi, Gyaneshwer Chaubey, Ildus Kutuev, Guennady Yudkovsky, Elza K Khusnutdinova, Oleg Balanovsky, Ornella Semino, Luisa Pereira, David Comas, David Gurwitz, Batsheva Bonne-Tamir, Tudor Parfitt, Michael F Hammer, Karl Skorecki, Richard Villems
Contemporary Jews comprise an aggregate of ethno-religious communities whose worldwide members identify with each other through various shared religious, historical and cultural traditions. Historical evidence suggests common origins in the Middle East, followed by migrations leading to the establishment of communities of Jews in Europe, Africa and Asia, in what is termed the Jewish Diaspora. This complex demographic history imposes special challenges in attempting to address the genetic structure of the Jewish people...
July 8, 2010: Nature
R Calderon-Margalit, S Navon-Venezia, D Gefen, Z Amitai, R Barda, I Vulikh, D Sompolinsky
We aimed to study patterns of shigellosis in a large observant Jewish community in Israel and to describe local interventions during outbreaks. Surveillance data from the Ministry of Health were used to calculate incidence rates in 1998-2006, both in the city of Bene Beraq and the Tel Aviv district. Information on isolates was collected from the bacteriological laboratory of a community hospital. Public notices and educational conferences conveyed a message to increase personal hygiene and keep ill children at home...
February 2010: Epidemiology and Infection
Kuti Baruch, Gilad Silberberg, Alex Aviv, Eyal Shamir, Ulli Bening-Abu-Shach, Yehuda Baruch, Ariel Darvasi, Ruth Navon
Multiple studies have reported oligodendrocyte and myelin abnormalities, as well as dysregulation of their related genes, in brains of schizophrenia patients. One of these genes is the myelin-basic-protein (MBP) gene, which encodes two families of proteins: classic-MBPs and golli-MBPs. While the classic-MBPs are predominantly located in the myelin sheaths of the nervous system, the golli proteins are more widely expressed and are found in both the immune and the nervous systems. In the present study we performed a case-control association analysis of golli-MBP in two separate Jewish Ashkenazi cohorts (cohort I: 120 patients, 236 controls; cohort II: 379 patients, 380 controls)...
August 2009: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Tudor Parfitt, Yulia Egorova
The paper examines the impact of genetic research on the religious identity of the Bene Israel Indian Jewish community and the Lemba Judaising group of southern Africa. It demonstrates how DNA tests which happened to support the possibility of the communities' legends of origin affected their self-perception, the way they are viewed by their neighbors, and their image in the West. It is argued that in both cases what accounted most for the Bene Israel and Lemba responses to the tests was the way the results were portrayed in the mass media, the history of the development of Judaism in their communities, and the local realities...
June 2005: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
M Korostishevsky, I Kremer, M Kaganovich, A Cholostoy, I Murad, M Muhaheed, I Bannoura, M Rietschel, M Dobrusin, U Bening-Abu-Shach, R H Belmaker, W Maier, R P Ebstein, Ruth Navon
Association of the G72/G30 locus with schizophrenia was recently reported in French Canadian, Russian, and Ashkenazi populations using case-control studies. In the present study we hypothesize the existence of a G72/G30 risk allele over-transmitted to affected sibs in Palestinian Arab families. A total of 223 Palestinian Arab families that included an affected offspring and parents were genotyped with 11 SNPs encompassing the G72/G30 genes. The families were recruited from three regions of Israel: 56 from the North (Afula), 136 from the central hill region (Bethlehem, Palestinian Authority), and 31 from the South (Beersheva)...
January 5, 2006: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Tudor Parfitt
The Bene Israel is a Jewish community in western India whose origins are unknown from conventional sources. This paper discusses a genetic ancestry study that mapped Bene Israel genealogies and the impact of the study on the Bene Israel.
December 2003: Developing World Bioethics
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