keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preemptive

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048284/bartonella-quintana-and-typhus-group-rickettsiae-exposure-among-homeless-persons-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#1
Álvaro A Faccini-Martínez, Andrea C Márquez, Diana M Bravo-Estupiñan, Omar-Javier Calixto, Christian A López-Castillo, Carlos A Botero-García, Marylin Hidalgo, Claudia Cuervo
In 2015, we investigated Bartonella quintana and typhus group rickettsiae in body lice from homeless persons in Bogotá, Colombia. We found B. quintana-infected body lice and seroprevalence of this microorganism in 19% of homeless persons and typhus group rickettsiae in 56%. Public health professionals should start preemptive measures and active vector control.
November 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042483/olfactory-experience-primes-the-heat-shock-transcription-factor-hsf-1-to-enhance-the-expression-of-molecular-chaperones-in-c-elegans
#2
Felicia K Ooi, Veena Prahlad
Learning, a process by which animals modify their behavior as a result of experience, enables organisms to synthesize information from their surroundings to acquire resources and avoid danger. We showed that a previous encounter with only the odor of pathogenic bacteria prepared Caenorhabditis elegans to survive exposure to the pathogen by increasing the heat shock factor 1 (HSF-1)-dependent expression of genes encoding molecular chaperones. Experience-mediated enhancement of chaperone gene expression required serotonin, which primed HSF-1 to enhance the expression of molecular chaperone genes by promoting its localization to RNA polymerase II-enriched nuclear loci, even before transcription occurred...
October 17, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037222/the-efficacy-and-stability-of-an-information-and-communication-technology-based-centralized-monitoring-system-of-adherence-to-immunosuppressive-medication-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Hee-Yeon Jung, Sook Jin Seong, Ji-Young Choi, Jang-Hee Cho, Sun-Hee Park, Chan-Duck Kim, Young-Ran Yoon, Hyung-Kee Kim, Seung Huh, Se-Hee Yoon, Jong Soo Lee, Yong-Lim Kim
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppression non-adherence in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) not only increases the risk of medical intervention due to acute rejection and graft loss but burdens the socioeconomic system in the form of increased healthcare costs. An aggressive preemptive effort by healthcare professionals, geared to ensure adherence to immunosuppressants in KTRs, is significant and imperative. METHODS/DESIGN: This study was designed as a prospective, open-label, multicenter, randomized controlled study aimed at evaluating the efficacy and stability of an information and communication technology (ICT)-based centralized monitoring system in boosting medication adherence in KTRs...
October 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035396/successful-correction-of-familial-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-using-prenatal-genetic-testing-and-preemptive-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#4
T F Michniacki, J M Mulcahy Levy, R R Quinones, R H Giller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030994/transplant-tourism-following-the-declaration-of-istanbul-poor-outcomes-and-nephrologist-dilemma
#5
Meteb M AlBugami, Fahad E AlOtaibe, Abdulnaser M AlAbadi, Khaled Hamawi, Khalid Bel'eed-Akkari
BACKGROUND: Transplant tourism (TT) violates many international laws and documents. Despite all efforts, TT seems to be increasing. The aim of this study is to review outcomes of recipients of commercially transplanted kidneys since the Declaration of Istanbul. METHODS: All recipients of kidney transplantation done abroad and then returned to our center, from September 2008 to December 2015, were included (tourists). Demographics and outcomes were collected from patients' charts...
October 14, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026734/cytomegalovirus-infection-under-a-hybrid-strategy-in-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#6
Ryung Kim, Dai Joung, Sunghee Lee, Insook Jeong, Seak Hee Oh, Jung-Man Namgoong, Dae Yeon Kim, Kyung Mo Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of a hybrid prophylactic strategy to prevent cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in pediatric liver transplantation (LT) patients. METHODS: CMV DNAemia was regularly monitored by quantitative nucleic acid amplification test (QNAT) and was quantified in all children. CMV infection and disease were defined according to the International Consensus Guidelines. The hybrid strategy against CMV infection consisted of universal 3-week prophylaxis and preemptive treatment of intravenous ganciclovir regardless of the recipient's serostatus...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020019/they-re-heating-up-internet-search-query-trends-reveal-significant-public-interest-in-heat-not-burn-tobacco-products
#7
Theodore L Caputi, Eric Leas, Mark Dredze, Joanna E Cohen, John W Ayers
Heat-not-burn tobacco products, battery powered devices that heat leaf tobacco to approximately 500 degrees Fahrenheit to produce an inhalable aerosol, are being introduced in markets around the world. Japan, where manufacturers have marketed several heat-not-burn brands since 2014, has been the focal national test market, with the intention of developing global marketing strategies. We used Google search query data to estimate, for the first time, the scale and growth potential of heat-not-burn tobacco products...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986314/preemptive-anti-cytomegalovirus-therapy-in-high-risk-donor-positive-recipient-negative-cytomegalovirus-serostatus-kidney-transplant-recipients
#8
Jumpei Hasegawa, Shuji Hatakeyama, Sachiko Wakai, Kazuya Omoto, Masayoshi Okumi, Kazunari Tanabe, Makiko Mieno, Hiroki Shirakawa
OBJECTIVES: Universal prophylaxis and preemptive therapy are used for preventing cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease post-transplantation. There are sparse data on which strategy is superior, especially in high-risk (donor CMV seropositive [D+] and recipient CMV seronegative [R-]) recipients. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single center cohort study of recipients who underwent kidney transplantation between 2009 and 2015. We analyzed the incidence of CMV infection/disease and patient and graft outcomes in high-risk (D+/R-) recipients compared with intermediate-risk (D+/R+ or D-/R+) recipients, all managed with preemptive therapy...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984642/viral-infections-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-novel-updates-and-a-review-of-the-classics
#9
Ghady Haidar, Nina Singh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize new discoveries in viral pathogenesis and novel therapeutic and prophylactic strategies in organ transplant recipients. RECENT FINDINGS: For decades, prophylaxis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been the standard preventive strategy, but new clinical trials are expected to determine the advantages of preemptive therapy over prophylaxis. Novel anti-CMV agents, such as maribavir and letermovir, are being studied for the treatment of resistant/refractory CMV as alternatives to foscarnet and cidofovir...
October 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978830/treatment-of-relapsed-or-refractory-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#10
Hikaru Kobayashi
Prognosis for refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients is poor, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is currently the only salvage option with curative potential for these patients. As the outcome of allogeneic HSCT in patients without complete remission (CR) status is unsatisfactory, it is important to attain a second CR before HSCT. An aggressive re-induction therapy for relapsed or refractory AML patients is often accompanied with severe infectious complications due to profound myelosuppression, which makes subsequent HSCT challenging...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966713/examining-the-impact-of-a-university-driven-exercise-programming-event-on-end-of-semester-stress-in-students
#11
Tessa L Koschel, John C Young, James W Navalta
Stress levels in university students peak during the final exam period. An inverse association exists between Physical Activity (PA) and poor mental health. UNLV has created Fitness4Finals (F4F), an event novel in its approach to academic stress reduction by incorporating both physical activity and mental relaxation. To our knowledge, a university-driven programming event aimed at reducing physiological and psychological stress among students approaching final exams had never been studied. Therefore, the aims of this research were to 1) examine the influence of F4F on physiological stress and perceived psychological stress (PPS) and 2) to examine the relationship between physiological stress and PPS...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966009/preemptive-ladd-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-abdominal-wall-defects-does-not-reduce-the-risk-of-future-volvulus
#12
Erin P Ward, Andrew Wang, Hari Thangarajah, David Lazar, Stephen Bickler, Timothy Fairbanks, Karen M Kling
INTRODUCTION: Patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), gastroschisis, and omphalocele are prone to abnormalities of intestinal rotation and thus future midgut volvulus. Controversy exists whether routine preemptive Ladd procedure in this subgroup of asymptomatic patients is of value to reduce future volvulus. METHODS: The Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) database was queried for neonates with CDH, gastroschisis, and omphalocele between January 2009 and September 2015...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958272/inclusion-of-the-acute-care-surgeon-in-the-difficult-airway-protocol-a-nine-year-experience
#13
Seong K Lee, Andrew A Rosenthal, Dafney L Davare, Chauniqua Kiffin, Rafael Sanchez, Michael Hurtado, Eddy H Carrillo
An emergency surgical airway is a lifesaving intervention required in the event of airway loss or respiratory failure when conventional endotracheal intubation cannot be performed. The Acute Care Surgery/Trauma Service is a critical component in the angioedema/difficult airway protocol at our institution. We conducted a retrospective review (2007-2016) to analyze the role our service has in managing patients requiring an emergency surgical airway. Cases were analyzed for preexisting conditions, hospital location of procedure, techniques, complications, and mortality...
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953045/perioperative-acute-kidney-injury-an-under-recognized-problem
#14
Melanie Meersch, Christoph Schmidt, Alexander Zarbock
The incidence of perioperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is more common than previously recognized, especially in high-risk patients undergoing higher risk procedures. The growing number of patients who develop perioperative AKI is related, in part, to the aging population and increase in the number of individuals with chronic comorbidities, particularly those with premorbid chronic kidney disease. Despite the acceptance of standardization in the definition of AKI, clinicians routinely underdiagnose it and fail to appreciate that it is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality...
August 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941300/chagas-disease-and-liver-transplantation-experience-in-argentina-using-real-time-quantitative-pcr-for-early-detection-and-treatment
#15
Domingo Balderramo, Florencia Bonisconti, Alvaro Alcaraz, Enzo Giordano, Ariel Sánchez, Martín Barrabino, Juan Pablo Caeiro, Teresita Alvarellos, Martín Maraschio
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease (CD) is an endemic zoonosis that occurs in Latin-America and is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. Early detection of T. cruzi in liver transplant recipients at risk may avoid complications from CD. The aim of this study was to examine the pre-operative evaluation and follow-up of CD after liver transplantation (LT) of patients at risk of CD using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) for T. cruzi. METHODS: Between January 2009 and June 2016, 13 (12...
September 23, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934532/preemptive-caffeine-administration-blocks-the-increase-in-postoperative-pain-caused-by-previous-sleep-loss-in-the-rat-a-potential-role-for-preoptic-adenosine-a2a-receptors-in-sleep-pain-interactions
#16
Viviane S Hambrecht-Wiedbusch, Maya Gabel, Linda J Liu, John P Imperial, Angelo V Colmenero, Giancarlo Vanini
Sleep and pain are reciprocally related, but the precise mechanisms underlying this relationship are poorly understood. This study used a rat model of surgical pain to examine the effect of previous sleep loss on postoperative pain and tested the hypothesis that preoptic adenosinergic mechanisms regulate sleep-pain interactions. Relative to ad libitum sleep, 6 hours of total sleep deprivation prior to a surgical incision significantly enhanced postoperative mechanical hypersensitivity in the affected paw and prolonged the time to recovery from surgery...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934201/forensic-genetics-and-genomics-much-more-than-just-a-human-affair
#17
REVIEW
Miguel Arenas, Filipe Pereira, Manuela Oliveira, Nadia Pinto, Alexandra M Lopes, Veronica Gomes, Angel Carracedo, Antonio Amorim
While traditional forensic genetics has been oriented towards using human DNA in criminal investigation and civil court cases, it currently presents a much wider application range, including not only legal situations sensu stricto but also and, increasingly often, to preemptively avoid judicial processes. Despite some difficulties, current forensic genetics is progressively incorporating the analysis of nonhuman genetic material to a greater extent. The analysis of this material-including other animal species, plants, or microorganisms-is now broadly used, providing ancillary evidence in criminalistics in cases such as animal attacks, trafficking of species, bioterrorism and biocrimes, and identification of fraudulent food composition, among many others...
September 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933173/-cytomegalovirus-and-polyomavirus-infection-after-renal-transplantation
#18
Jana Machová, Tomáš Reischig
Viral infections are among the most common infectious complications affecting transplant recipients. Due to immunosuppressive therapy predominantly affecting cellular immunity and thus successfully reducing the incidence of acute rejection, there is a higher incidence of viral infections. Herpesviruses and polyomaviruses are ubiquitous pathogens which have the ability to persist in a state of latent infection. In addition to post-transplant reactivation, donor-induced primoinfection can also occur, leading to increased morbidity and contributing to decreased survival of patients...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932545/effects-of-preemptive-cerebrospinal-fluid-drainage-on-spinal-cord-protection-during-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair
#19
Seungjun Song, Suk-Won Song, Tae Hoon Kim, Kwang-Hun Lee, Kyung-Jong Yoo
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is reported to occur in 3-12% of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) cases, but is a potentially preventable complication of TEVAR for thoracoabdominal pathologies. Although many strategies have been devised to reduce the incidence of SCI, the effectiveness of prophylactic cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD) and left subclavian artery (LSA) revascularization remains controversial. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, 162 patients underwent TEVAR at a single institution...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928580/preemptive-analgesia-by-intraperitoneal-instillation-of-ropivacaine-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#20
Tripat Kaur Bindra, Parmod Kumar, Parul Rani, Ashwani Kumar, Hardeep Bariar
BACKGROUND: Preemptive analgesia has the potential to be more effective than a similar analgesic treatment initiated after surgery as it reduces immediate postoperative pain as well as chronic pain. AIM: To study the efficacy of preemptive analgesia with intraperitoneal instillation of ropivacaine in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective randomized double-blind study was conducted on patients undergoing LC...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
keyword
keyword
73897
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"