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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276650/comparison-of-arthrodesis-and-non-fusion-to-treat-lisfranc-injuries
#1
Yu-Sen Qiao, Jun-Kun Li, Hao Shen, Hai-Yan Bao, Ming Jiang, Yan Liu, Wasim Kapadia, Hong-Tao Zhang, Hui-Lin Yang
OBJECTIVE: "Lisfranc joint injury" is comprised of a tarsometatarsal joint-complex injury. The Lisfranc complex injury is always a challenge for orthopedists, and the optimum treatment is still up for debate. Anatomic reduction and stable internal fixation prove to have no satisfactory outcomes. This research aims to compare the clinical curative effects, complications and radiographic features of arthrodesis and non-fusion of the Lisfranc joint in the follow-up of the patients who suffered Lisfranc injuries...
March 9, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229324/corr-insights-%C3%A2-is-pes-cavus-alignment-associated-with-lisfranc-injuries-of-the-foot
#2
H Thomas Temple
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198638/the-relationship-between-arch-height-and-arch-flexibility-a-proposed-arch-flexibility-classification-system-for-the-description-of-multi-dimensional-foot-structure
#3
Rebecca Avrin Zifchock, Christal Theriot, Howard J Hillstrom, Jinsup Song, Michael Neary
BACKGROUND: The correlation between arch structure and injury may be related to the fact that foot structure influences foot function. Foot structure is often defined by arch height, although arch flexibility may be just as important to form a more complete description. We propose an arch flexibility classification system, analogous to arch height classification, and then use the classification system to examine the relationship between arch flexibility and arch height. METHODS: Arch height index was calculated in 1,124 incoming military cadets, of whom 1,056 had usable data...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992254/an-investigation-of-structure-flexibility-and-function-variables-that-discriminate-asymptomatic-foot-types
#4
Sarah P Shultz, Jinsup Song, Andrew P Kraszewski, Jocelyn F Hafer, Smita Rao, Sherry Backus, Rajshree Mootanah, Howard J Hillstrom
It has been suggested that foot type consider not only foot structure (high, normal, low arch), but also function (over-pronation, normal, over-supination) and flexibility (reduced, normal, excessive). Therefore, this study used canonical regression analyses to assess which variables of foot structure, function, and flexibility can accurately discriminate between clinical foot type classifications. The feet of 61 asymptomatic, healthy adults (18-77 years) were classified as cavus (N=24), rectus (N=54), or planus (N=44) using standard clinical measures...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935562/current-conservative-management-and-classification-of-club-foot-a-review
#5
Ganesan Balasankar, Ameersing Luximon, Adel Al-Jumaily
Clubfoot, known as congenital talipes equinovarus, is one of the complex paediatric foot deformity with the incidence of 1 in every 1000 live births. It consists of four complex foot abnormalities such as forefoot adductus, midfoot cavus, and hindfoot varus and ankle equinus. There are a number of surgical techniques (soft tissue releases, arthrodesis) used to correct clubfoot. However currently the conservative management (manipulation, serial casting, and braces) of clubfoot is considered as the best choice and it is widely accepted among orthopaedists...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887922/obesity-foot-pain-and-foot-disorders-in-older-men-and-women
#6
Alyssa B Dufour, Elena Losina, Hylton B Menz, Michael P LaValley, Marian T Hannan
OBJECTIVE: We investigated obesity, foot pain and selected foot disorders, and determined if associations differed by foot posture or dynamic foot function. METHODS: We included 2445 men and women (4888 feet) from the Framingham Foot Study (2002-2008). A foot examination assessed presence of disorders and pain on each foot. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was categorized as normal (<25), overweight (25-29.99), moderate-obesity (30-34.99) severe-obesity (35+). Foot posture (normal, cavus, planus) and dynamic foot function (normal, supinated, pronated) were defined using plantar pressure measurement system...
November 22, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882734/novel-mutations-in-sh3tc2-in-a-young-japanese-girl-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-type-4c
#7
Kazushi Ichikawa, Keita Numasawa, Saoko Takeshita, Akihiro Hashiguchi, Hiroshi Takashima
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4C (CMT4C) is an autosomal recessive demyelinating form of CMT characterized clinically by early onset and severe spinal deformities, and is caused by mutations in SH3TC2. We describe the case of a 10-year-old Japanese girl diagnosed with CMT4C. The patient developed progressive foot deformities such as marked pes cavus and ankle contracture, with mild muscle weakness in both legs, and generalized areflexia. On electrophysiological studies, motor nerve conduction velocity ranged from 22...
November 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825708/is-non-operative-management-of-childhood-neurologic-cavovarus-foot-effective
#8
H d'Astorg, V Rampal, R Seringe, C Glorion, P Wicart
INTRODUCTION: Neurologic pes cavus is a progressive deformity that is difficult to treat during growth. The present study reports results of non-operative management, based on the pathophysiology of the deformity, by untwisting nocturnal splint, preceded in some cases by untwisting walking cast. The objective was to assess efficacy and impact on indications for surgery. METHOD: Twenty-three children (35 feet) were included. All had neurologic cavovarus foot, which was progressive in 24 feet (69%) (Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease)...
December 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802481/metatarsal-shape-and-foot-type-a-geometric-morphometric-analysis
#9
Scott Telfer, Matthew W Kindig, Bruce J Sangeorzan, William R Ledoux
Planus and cavus foot types have been associated with an increased risk of pain and disability. Improving our understanding of the geometric differences between bones in different foot types may provide insights into injury risk profiles and have implications for the design of musculoskeletal and finite element models. In this study we performed a geometric morphometric analysis on the geometry of metatarsal bones from 65 feet, segmented from computed tomography scans. These were categorized into four foot types: pes cavus, neutrally aligned, asymptomatic pes planus, and symptomatic pes planus...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796800/is-pes-cavus-alignment-associated-with-lisfranc-injuries-of-the-foot
#10
Jeremy D Podolnick, Daniel S Donovan, Nicholas DeBellis, Alejandro Pino
BACKGROUND: Lisfranc (tarsometatarsal joint) injuries are relatively rare, accounting for less than 1% of all fractures, and as many as 20% of subtle Lisfranc injuries are missed at the initial patient presentation. An undiagnosed Lisfranc injury can have devastating consequences to the patient. Therefore, any factor that can raise a clinician's index of suspicion to make this diagnosis is potentially important. The cavus foot has been associated with various maladies of the lower extremity, but to our knowledge, it has not been reported to be associated with Lisfranc injury...
October 28, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782089/plantar-pressure-detection-with-fiber-bragg-gratings-sensing-system
#11
Tsair-Chun Liang, Jhe-Jhun Lin, Lan-Yuen Guo
In this paper, a novel fiber-optic sensing system based on fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) to measure foot plantar pressure is proposed. This study first explores the Pedar-X insole foot pressure types of the adult-size chart and then defines six measurement areas to effectively identify four foot types: neutral foot, cavus foot, supinated foot and flat foot. The plantar pressure signals are detected by only six FBGs, which are embedded in silicone rubber. The performance of the fiber optic sensing is examined and compared with a digital pressure plate of i-Step P1000 with 1024 barometric sensors...
October 22, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548905/medial-longitudinal-arch-angle-presents-significant-differences-between-foot-types-a-biplane-fluoroscopy-study
#12
Megan E R Balsdon, Kristen M Bushey, Colin E Dombroski, Marie-Eve LeBel, Thomas R Jenkyn
The structure of the medial longitudinal arch (MLA) affects the foot's overall function and its ability to dissipate plantar pressure forces. Previous research on the MLA includes measuring the calcaneal-first metatarsal angle using a static sagittal plane radiograph, a dynamic height-to-length ratio using marker clusters with a multisegment foot model, and a contained angle using single point markers with a multisegment foot model. The objective of this study was to use biplane fluoroscopy to measure a contained MLA angle between foot types: pes planus (low arch), pes cavus (high arch), and normal arch...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488108/-ponseti-method-for-treatment-of-idiopathic-clubfoot
#13
K Heck, A Heck, R Placzek
OBJECTIVE: Pain-free, plantigrade, functional foot through gentle manipulation without extended surgery and with decreased probability of relapse. INDICATIONS: Idiopathic clubfoot; neurogenic and secondary clubfeet. CONTRAINDICATIONS: None. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Simultaneous correction of all components of the clubfoot. Mainly conservative, with serial casts. Slight supination to address the cavus and increasing abduction to align the midfoot bones while putting counter-pressure on the head of the talus...
December 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27408486/shock-attenuation-properties-at-heel-strike-implications-for-the-clinical-management-of-the-cavus-foot
#14
Charlene Grech, Cynthia Formosa, Alfred Gatt
BACKGROUND: This study explored the relationship between foot types and corresponding variations in shock attenuating properties of the heel. METHODS: Thirty matched participants were assigned to 3 groups: pronated, neutral, and supinated. A low-mass accelerometer was mounted to the calcaneus of the right leg of each participant. RESULTS: Acceleration at heel strike for supinators was significantly higher than that in individuals with pronated and neutrally aligned feet...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311606/an-explorative-investigation-of-functional-differences-in-plantar-center-of-pressure-of-four-foot-types-using-sample-entropy-method
#15
Zhanyong Mei, Kamen Ivanov, Guoru Zhao, Huihui Li, Lei Wang
In the study of biomechanics of different foot types, temporal or spatial parameters derived from plantar pressure are often used. However, there is no comparative study of complexity and regularity of the center of pressure (CoP) during the stance phase among pes valgus, pes cavus, hallux valgus and normal foot. We aim to analyze whether CoP sample entropy characteristics differ among these four foot types. In our experiment participated 40 subjects with normal feet, 40 with pes cavus, 19 with pes valgus and 36 with hallux valgus...
June 16, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294497/evaluating-the-cavus-foot
#16
REVIEW
Ananth S Eleswarapu, Bakhtiar Yamini, Robert J Bielski
The cavus foot is a deformity characterized by abnormal elevation of the medial arch of the foot. Unique among foot deformities, cavus typically occurs secondary to a spinal cord or neuromuscular pathology, with two-thirds of patients having an underlying neurologic diagnosis. Thus, recognition of cavus foot and appropriate evaluation are essential in the primary care setting. Patients may present with unstable gait, frequent ankle sprains, or pain along the metatarsal heads or the lateral border of the foot...
June 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104942/treatment-of-complex-idiopathic-clubfoot-using-the-modified-ponseti-method-up-to-11-years-follow-up
#17
Hosam E Matar, Peter Beirne, Colin E Bruce, Neeraj K Garg
Complex idiopathic clubfeet are distinguished by significant shortening, rigid equinus with a deep crease above the heel, severe plantar flexion of all metatarsals, a deep plantar crease seven across the full width of the sole of the foot and high cavus with a short and hyperextended big toe. Ponseti has devised a modified technique for treating complex clubfeet. We retrospectively identified 11 children (nine males and two females) with 17 complex clubfeet who were treated with the modified Ponseti method...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899603/treatment-of-feet-deformities-in-epidermolysis-bullosa
#18
Marcelo Back Sternick, Pierina Kaneno Ishida Formentini, Gustavo Moreira Costa de Souza, Eduardo Cembranelli Teixeira, Ildeu Afonso de Almeida Filho, Sérgio Moreira da Costa
BACKGROUND: Inherited epidermolysis bullosa is a rare disease characterised by mechanical fragility of the skin when under insignificant stress. The main consequences of epidermolysis bullosa, mainly the dystrophic type, despite pseudosyndactyly, are joint contractures and deformities in hands and feet. In this study, we describe our experience treating patients suffering from epidermolysis bullosa, as far as feet deformities are concerned. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of patients presenting feet deformities related to epidermolysis bullosa...
July 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894015/conservative-management-of-wound-dehiscence-following-pediatric-cavus-foot-surgery-a-case-series
#19
David Alcoloumbre, Reggie Hamdy
UNLABELLED: Cavus foot surgeries are relatively common procedures in pediatric orthopedics. Following surgery, the tensile forces exerted on the wound by the newly corrected foot may hinder soft tissue healing and lead to wound dehiscence. Treatments including skin grafting and other plastic surgery procedures have been described in order to manage this complication. However, the effectiveness of conservative treatment regimens in cases of large dehiscence of these wounds has not yet been reported...
December 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26764299/-treatment-for-patients-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-orthopaedic-aspects
#20
REVIEW
Kota Watanabe
The orthopedic manifestations in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease include deformity and dysfunction of the extremities and spine. Conservative treatment is the first choice. Orthosis and rehabilitation can improve function, and are important for the prevention of joint contractures. Foot problems are most commonly observed and require surgical treatment. Foot deformities include pes cavus, cavovarus, claw toes, or drop foot. Single or combined surgeries selected for soft tissues are plantar release, tendon transfer, or Achilles tendon lengthening, and those for bones are osteotomies and joint fusions...
January 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
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