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Screening mammograms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327125/facilitating-informed-decisions-about-breast-cancer-screening-development-and-evaluation-of-a-web-based-decision-aid-for-women-in-their-40s
#1
Elena B Elkin, Valerie H Pocus, Alvin I Mushlin, Tessa Cigler, Coral L Atoria, Margaret M Polaneczky
BACKGROUND: Expert groups and national guidelines recommend individualized decision making about screening mammography for women in their 40s at low-to-average risk of breast cancer. We created Breast Screening Decisions (BSD), a personalized, web-based decision aid, to help women decide when to start and how often to have routine screening mammograms. We evaluated BSD in a large, prospective pilot trial of women and their clinicians. METHODS: Women ages 40-49 were invited to use BSD before a scheduled preventive care visit...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327090/investigating-young-women-s-motivations-to-engage-in-early-mammography-screening-in-switzerland-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Nanon H M Labrie, Ramona Ludolph, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: The scientific and public debate concerning organized mammography screening is unprecedentedly strong. With research evidence concerning its efficacy being ambiguous, the recommendations pertaining to the age-thresholds for program inclusion vary between - and even within - countries. Data shows that young women who are not yet eligible for systematic screening, have opportunistic mammograms relatively often and, moreover, want to be included in organized programs. Yet, to date, little is known about the precise motivations underlying young women's desire and intentions to go for, not medically indicated, mammographic screening...
March 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325489/breast-cancer-screening-in-patients-with-newly%C3%A2-diagnosed-lung-and-colorectal-cancer-%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-population-based-study-of-utilization
#3
Gelareh Sadigh, Ruth C Carlos, Kevin C Ward, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Renjian Jiang, Kimberly E Applegate, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: To assess breast cancer screening utilization in Medicare beneficiaries with colorectal and lung cancer versus cancer-free controls. METHODS: Female fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries who were ≥67 years old and diagnosed with lung or colorectal cancer between 2000 and 2011 and who reported to a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry (case group) were followed for 2 years after their diagnoses, unless death, a diagnosis of breast cancer, or the end of 2013 came first...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290959/benefit-type-and-care-source-in-relation-to-mammography-screening-and-breast-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-among-dod-beneficiaries
#4
Janna Manjelievskaia, Derek Brown, Stephanie Shao, Keith Hofmann, Craig D Shriver, Kangmin Zhu
BACKGROUND: Type of insurance and out-of-pocket costs influence the use of medical care. Specifically, type of insurance can impact an individual's likelihood of receiving a screening mammogram. Additionally, variation in tumor stage at diagnosis exists for patients with different types of insurance. It is not clear whether different benefit types and care sources differ in breast cancer care and outcomes among Department of Defense (DoD) beneficiaries. METHODS: The objective of this study was to examine differences in screening mammography and tumor stage at diagnosis between different benefit types (TRICARE Prime vs...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290342/a-retrospective-audit-of-the-first-screening-round-of-the-maltese-breast-screening-programme
#5
D Mizzi, F Zarb, A Dennis
PURPOSE: To analyse whether the screening performance parameters of the Maltese National Breast Screening Programme first screening round met requirements set by European standards. The association between screening age and results of screening performance parameters was also investigated. METHOD: Quantitative methodology was used to review examinations of women who were recalled for a technical recall or further assessment rates. All accessible members of the population recalled during the first round were retrospectively reviewed resulting in a sample of 2300 recalled examinations...
February 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290337/perceptions-of-australian-clients-towards-male-radiographers-working-in-breast-imaging-quantitative-results-from-a-pilot-study
#6
H M Warren-Forward, B Mackie, M Alchin, T Mooney, P Fitzpatrick
AIM: Breast cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related death in Australian women, therefore early breast cancer detection is essential. Female radiographers currently conduct breast screening in Australia; however there is a projected shortage. With many women already feeling apprehensive about attending a breast examination, possible proposals to fill this shortage must be carefully considered. Training male radiographers is one proposal however, this raises some gender concerns...
February 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288659/a-clinical-model-for-identifying-the-short-term-risk-of-breast-cancer
#7
Mikael Eriksson, Kamila Czene, Yudi Pawitan, Karin Leifland, Hatef Darabi, Per Hall
BACKGROUND: Most mammography screening programs are not individualized. To efficiently screen for breast cancer, the individual risk of the disease should be determined. We describe a model that could be used at most mammography screening units without adding substantial cost. METHODS: The study was based on the Karma cohort, which included 70,877 participants. Mammograms were collected up to 3 years following the baseline mammogram. A prediction protocol was developed using mammographic density, computer-aided detection of microcalcifications and masses, use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT), family history of breast cancer, menopausal status, age, and body mass index...
March 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287917/does-reader-performance-with-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-vary-according-to-experience-with-two-dimensional-mammography
#8
Lorraine Tucker, Fiona J Gilbert, Susan M Astley, Amanda Dibden, Archana Seth, Juliet Morel, Sara Bundred, Janet Litherland, Herman Klassen, Gerald Lip, Hema Purushothaman, Hilary M Dobson, Linda McClure, Philippa Skippage, Katherine Stoner, Caroline Kissin, Ursula Beetles, Yit Yoong Lim, Emma Hurley, Jane Goligher, Rumana Rahim, Tanja J Gagliardi, Tamara Suaris, Stephen W Duffy
Purpose To assess whether individual reader performance with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and two-dimensional (2D) mammography varies with number of years of experience or volume of 2D mammograms read. Materials and Methods After written informed consent was obtained, 8869 women (age range, 29-85 years; mean age, 56 years) were recruited into the TOMMY trial (A Comparison of Tomosynthesis with Digital Mammography in the UK National Health Service Breast Screening Program), an ethically approved, multicenter, multireader, retrospective reading study, between July 2011 and March 2013...
March 13, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282430/inequity-of-healthcare-utilization-on-mammography-examination-and-pap-smear-screening-in-thailand-analysis-of-a-population-based-household-survey
#9
Sukanya Chongthawonsatid
Healthcare in Thailand is not equally distributed, and not all people can equally access healthcare resources even if they are covered by health insurance. To examine factors associated with the utilization of mammography examination for breast cancer and Pap smear screening for cervical cancer, data from the national reproductive health survey conducted by the National Statistical Office of Thailand in 2009 was examined. The survey was carried out on 15,074,126 women aged 30-59 years. The results showed that the wealthier respondents had more mammograms than did the lower-income groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282021/utilization-of-clinical-preventive-services-for-cancer-and-heart-disease-among-insured-adults-united-states-2015
#10
Anjel Vahratian, Stephen J Blumberg
Data from the National Health Interview Survey •Two-thirds of insured adults aged 50-75 were screened for colorectal cancer within the recommended intervals. •Insured women aged 30-39 (90.5%) were more likely than their older peers to be screened for cervical cancer within the recommended intervals. •Seventy-three percent of insured women aged 50-74 had a mammogram in the past 2 years. •The percentage of insured adults who had a cardiovascular risk screening (blood pressure, blood sugar) within the recommended intervals significantly increased with advancing age for both men and women...
March 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277339/clinical-dilemmas-in-the-management-of-transgender-men
#11
Michael S Irwig
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To explore the medical and surgical clinical dilemmas in the management of trans (transgender) men, a growing population receiving more attention than in the past. RECENT FINDINGS: Testosterone therapy is commonly prescribed to trans men for masculinization. Nonetheless, the optimal formulations and doses of testosterone therapy for trans men have not been well established. Testosterone therapy has been associated with increased levels of hemoglobin and triglycerides, as well as diabetes...
March 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274621/-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-mammography-screening-in-spanish-women-aged-45-to-69
#12
Gemma Serral, Carme Borrell, Rosa Puigpinós I Riera
OBJECTIVE: To analyse mammography screening in Spanish women aged 45 to 69 according sociodemographic variables and to describe the role of population-based breast cancer screening programmes in terms of variability of said screening. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of the 2011 National Health Survey. The study population includes women living in Spain between late 2011 and early 2012. The weighted sample analysed corresponds to 3,086 women aged 45 to 69. The dependent variables were mammograms and when the last mammogram was performed and why...
March 5, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269153/a-new-approach-for-the-detection-of-architectural-distortions-using-textural-analysis-of-surrounding-tissue
#13
Imad Zyout, Roberto Togneri
Aiming at improving the performance of computer-aided detection of architectural distortion (AD) in mammograms, this paper investigates whether textural patterns of AD surrounding tissue (ST) have the potential to detect AD signatures. More specifically, for characterizing the presence of AD; we investigated the application of textural analysis for discriminating between AD surrounding tissue and normal breast parenchyma. We evaluated the underlying hypothesis using a dataset of 2544 regions of interest (ROI) obtained from the Digital Database for Screening Mammography (DDSM)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265792/breast-cancer-screening-in-patients-with-cancers-other-than-breast
#14
Robin B Leopold, Alexander W Thomas, Kyle F Concannon, Alissa D Correll, Catherine M LaPenta, Stephen M Maurer, Brian L Sprague, Sally D Herschorn, Claire F Verschraegen
BACKGROUND: Screening mammography can detect early breast cancers and reduce subsequent cancer mortality. However, there is a lack of consensus as to when to discontinue screening. The absence of clear-cut guidelines on when not to screen means that many patients with advanced malignancies continue screening despite unclear benefit. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of female patients diagnosed with a non-breast malignancy to explore the incidence and effects of screening mammography...
March 6, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257920/a-web-based-personalized-risk-communication-and-decision-making-tool-for-women-with-dense-breasts-design-and-methods-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-within-an-integrated-health-care-system
#15
Sarah Knerr, Karen J Wernli, Kathleen Leppig, Kelly Ehrlich, Amanda L Graham, David Farrell, Chalanda Evans, George Luta, Marc D Schwartz, Suzanne C O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Mammographic breast density is one of the strongest risk factors for breast cancer after age and family history. Mandatory breast density disclosure policies are increasing nationally without clear guidance on how to communicate density status to women. Coupling density disclosure with personalized risk counseling and decision support through a web-based tool may be an effective way to allow women to make informed, values-consistent risk management decisions without increasing distress...
February 28, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254066/towards-localization-of-malignant-sites-of-asymmetry-across-bilateral-mammograms
#16
P Casti, A Mencattini, M Salmeri, A Ancona, M Lorusso, M L Pepe, C Di Natale, E Martinelli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The analysis of patterns of asymmetry between the left and right mammograms of a patient can provide meaningful insights into the presence of an underlying tumor in its early stage. However, the identification of breast cancer by investigating bilateral asymmetry is difficult to perform due to the indistinct and borderline nature of the asymmetric signs as they appear on mammograms. METHODS: In this study, to increase the positive-predictive value of asymmetry in mammographic screening, a novel computerized approach for the automatic localization of malignant sites of asymmetry in mammograms is proposed...
March 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252233/with-the-advent-of-tomosynthesis-in-the-workup-of-mammographic-abnormality-is-spot-compression-mammography-now-obsolete-an-initial-clinical-experience
#17
Neasa Ni Mhuircheartaigh, Louise Coffey, Hannah Fleming, Ann O' Doherty, Sorcha McNally
To determine if the routine use of spot compression mammography is now obsolete in the assessment of screen detected masses, asymmetries and architectural distortion since the availability of digital breast tomosynthesis. We introduced breast tomosynthesis in the workup of screen detected abnormalities in our screening center in January 2015. During an initial learning period with tomosynthesis standard spot compression views were also performed. Three consultant breast radiologists retrospectively reviewed all screening mammograms recalled for assessment over the first 6-month period...
March 2, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248528/women-s-health-care-the-experiences-and-behaviors-of-rural-and-urban-lesbians-in-the-usa
#18
K Nikki Barefoot, Jacob C Warren, K Bryant Smalley
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently demonstrated that, in comparison to their cisgender heterosexual counterparts, lesbians face a multitude of women's healthcare-related disparities. However, very little research has been conducted that takes an intersectionality approach to examining the potential influences of rural-urban location on the health-related needs and experiences of lesbians. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively compare rural and urban lesbians' access to women's health care, experiences with women's healthcare providers (WHCPs), and preventive behavior using a large, diverse sample of lesbians from across the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244803/national-performance-benchmarks-for-modern-diagnostic-digital-mammography-update-from-the-breast-cancer-surveillance-consortium
#19
Brian L Sprague, Robert F Arao, Diana L Miglioretti, Louise M Henderson, Diana S M Buist, Tracy Onega, Garth H Rauscher, Janie M Lee, Anna N A Tosteson, Karla Kerlikowske, Constance D Lehman
Purpose To establish contemporary performance benchmarks for diagnostic digital mammography with use of recent data from the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium (BCSC). Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was obtained for active or passive consenting processes or to obtain a waiver of consent to enroll participants, link data, and perform analyses. Data were obtained from six BCSC registries (418 radiologists, 92 radiology facilities). Mammogram indication and assessments were prospectively collected for women undergoing diagnostic digital mammography and linked with cancer diagnoses from state cancer registries...
April 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239755/increasing-cancer-screening-among-old-order-anabaptist-women-through-specialized-women-s-health-and-integrated-cancer-screening-interventions
#20
Kate McBride, Dionne Gesink
Our objective was to develop, deliver, and evaluate a cancer screening intervention focused on rural Anabaptist communities in Ontario, Canada, to increase routine cancer screenings among women. We carried out three cancer prevention and screening interventions with Old Order Anabaptist women. Each intervention consisted of: transportation to the site, pre-arranged screening services, health teachings, fellowship and shopping, and an evaluative survey. Seventy five women total participated over three interventions...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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