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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196632/procedure-selection-and-patient-positioning-influence-spine-kinematics-during-high-velocity-low-amplitude-spinal-manipulation-applied-to-the-low-back
#1
Spencer Bell, Kevin D'Angelo, Gregory N Kawchuk, John J Triano, Samuel J Howarth
OBJECTIVES: This investigation compared indirect 3-dimensional angular kinematics (position, velocity, and acceleration) of the lumbar spine for 2 different high-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) spinal manipulation procedures (lumbar spinous pull or push), and altered initial patient lower limb posture. METHODS: Twenty-four participants underwent 6 HVLA procedures directed toward the presumed L4 vertebra, reflecting each combination of 2 variants of a spinal manipulation application technique (spinous pull and push) and 3 initial hip flexion angles (0°, 45°, and 90°) applied using a right lateral recumbent patient position...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167971/glucose-metabolic-changes-in-the-brain-and-muscles-of-patients-with-nonspecific-neck-pain-treated-by-spinal-manipulation-therapy-a-18-f-fdg-pet-study
#2
Akie Inami, Takeshi Ogura, Shoichi Watanuki, Md Mehedi Masud, Katsuhiko Shibuya, Masayasu Miyake, Rin Matsuda, Kotaro Hiraoka, Masatoshi Itoh, Arlan W Fuhr, Kazuhiko Yanai, Manabu Tashiro
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in brain and muscle glucose metabolism that are not yet known, using positron emission tomography with [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG PET). Methods. Twenty-one male volunteers were recruited for the present study. [(18)F]FDG PET scanning was performed twice on each subject: once after the spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) intervention (treatment condition) and once after resting (control condition). We performed the SMT intervention using an adjustment device...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146021/spinal-tissue-loading-created-by-different-methods-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-smt-application
#3
Martha Funabashi, François Nougarou, Martin Descarreaux, Narasimha Prasad, Gregory N Kawchuk
STUDY DESIGN: Comparative study using robotic replication of SMT vertebral kinematics together with serial dissection. OBJECTIVE: To quantify loads created in cadaveric spinal tissues arising from three different forms of SMT application. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There exist many distinct methods by which to apply spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). It is not known presently if different forms of SMT application have different effects on spinal tissues...
January 31, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122640/rational-and-design-of-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-of-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-protocol
#4
A de Zoete, M R de Boer, M W van Tulder, S M Rubinstein, M Underwood, J A Hayden, J Kalter, R Ostelo
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is the leading cause of pain and disability, resulting in a major socioeconomic impact. The Cochrane Review which examined the effect of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for chronic LBP concluded that SMT is moderately effective, but was based on conventional meta-analysis of aggregate data. The use of individual participant data (IPD) from trials allows for a more precise estimate of the treatment effect and has the potential to identify moderators and/or mediators...
January 26, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017603/guideline-for-reporting-interventions-on-spinal-manipulative-therapy-consensus-on-interventions-reporting-criteria-list-for-spinal-manipulative-therapy-circle-smt
#5
Ruud Groeneweg, Sidney M Rubinstein, Rob A B Oostendorp, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Maurits W van Tulder
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Consensus on Interventions Reporting Criteria List for Spinal Manipulative Therapy (CIRCLe SMT) study was to develop a criteria list for reporting spinal manipulative therapy (SMT). METHODS: A Delphi procedure was conducted from September 2011 to April 2013 and consisted of international experts in the field of SMT. The authors formed a steering committee and invited participants, selected initial items, structured the comments of the participants after each Delphi round, and formulated the feedback...
February 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965621/upper-trunk-brachial-plexus-palsy-following-chiropractic-manipulation
#6
John Cunningham, Wayne Hoskins, Scott Ferris
INTRODUCTION: Upper trunk brachial plexus palsy can result from high-energy trauma and has never been reported following spinal manipulation. BACKGROUND: The case is presented of a patient who developed an acute brachial plexus upper trunk palsy following spinal manipulative therapy. DISCUSSION: Discussion is made on the incidence of complications following manipulation and recommendations to prospectively capture all serious complications...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905508/tissue-loading-created-during-spinal-manipulation-in-comparison-to-loading-created-by-passive-spinal-movements
#7
Martha Funabashi, Gregory N Kawchuk, Albert H Vette, Peter Goldsmith, Narasimha Prasad
Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) creates health benefits for some while for others, no benefit or even adverse events. Understanding these differential responses is important to optimize patient care and safety. Toward this, characterizing how loads created by SMT relate to those created by typical motions is fundamental. Using robotic testing, it is now possible to make these comparisons to determine if SMT generates unique loading scenarios. In 12 porcine cadavers, SMT and passive motions were applied to the L3/L4 segment and the resulting kinematics tracked...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888138/the-quality-of-placebos-used-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-lumbar-and-pelvic-joint-thrust-manipulation-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Aaron A Puhl, Christine J Reinhart, Jon B Doan, Howard Vernon
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) has been attributed with substantial non-specific effects. Accurate assessment of the non-specific effects of SMT relies on high-quality studies with low risk of bias that compare with appropriate placebos. PURPOSE: This review aims to characterize the types and qualities of placebo control procedures used in controlled trials of manually applied, lumbar and pelvic (LP)-SMT, and to evaluate the assessment of subject blinding and expectations...
November 22, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822362/does-case-misclassification-threaten-the-validity-of-studies-investigating-the-relationship-between-neck-manipulation-and-vertebral-artery-dissection-stroke-yes
#9
Jessica K Paulus, David E Thaler
BACKGROUND: For patients and health care providers who are considering spinal manipulative therapy of the neck, it is crucial to establish if it is a trigger for cervical artery dissection and/or stroke, and if it is, the magnitude of the risk. DISCUSSION: We discuss the biological plausibility of how neck manipulation could cause cervical artery dissection. We also discuss how case misclassification threatens the validity of influential published studies that have investigated the relationship between neck manipulation and dissection...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799691/the-immediate-effects-of-spinal-thoracic-manipulation-on-respiratory-functions
#10
Doo Chul Shin, Yong Woo Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of thoracic spinal manipulation therapy on respiratory function including forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second in young healthy individuals. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty young healthy subjects recruited from a local university participated in this study. Subjects were randomly allocated into an experimental group (n=15) and a control group (n=15). The experimental group received thoracic spinal manipulation and the control group received placebo thoracic spinal manipulation...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713576/neck-pain-in-children-a-retrospective-case-series
#11
Jocelyn Cox, Christine Davidian, Silvano Mior
INTRODUCTION: Spinal pain in the paediatric population is a significant health issue, with an increasing prevalence as they age. Paediatric patients attend for chiropractor care for spinal pain, yet, there is a paucity of quality evidence to guide the practitioner with respect to appropriate care planning. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was used to describe chiropractic management of paediatric neck pain. Two researchers abstracted data from 50 clinical files that met inclusion criteria from a general practice chiropractic office in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada...
September 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705840/what-do-patients-value-about-spinal-manipulation-and-home-exercise-for-back-related-leg-pain-a-qualitative-study-within-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Michele Maiers, Maria A Hondras, Stacie A Salsbury, Gert Bronfort, Roni Evans
BACKGROUND: Patient perceptions may influence the effectiveness and utilization of healthcare interventions, particularly for complex health conditions such as sciatica or back-related leg pain (BRLP). OBJECTIVES: To explore BRLP patients' perceptions of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) and home exercise with advice (HEA). DESIGN: Qualitative study in a controlled clinical trial. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews conducted after 12 weeks of treatment asked participants about satisfaction with care and whether treatment was worthwhile...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696633/chiropractic-spinal-manipulative-therapy-for-migraine-a-three-armed-single-blinded-placebo-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
A Chaibi, J Š Benth, P J Tuchin, M B Russell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy (CSMT) for migraineurs. METHODS: This was a prospective three-armed, single-blinded, placebo, randomized controlled trial (RCT) of 17 months duration including 104 migraineurs with at least one migraine attack per month. The RCT was conducted at Akershus University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Active treatment consisted of CSMT, whereas placebo was a sham push manoeuvre of the lateral edge of the scapula and/or the gluteal region...
January 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687057/relationship-of-modic-changes-disk-herniation-morphology-and-axial-location-to-outcomes-in-symptomatic-cervical-disk-herniation-patients-treated-with-high-velocity-low-amplitude-spinal-manipulation-a-prospective-study
#14
Michel Kressig, Cynthia K Peterson, Kyle McChurch, Christof Schmid, Serafin Leemann, Bernard Anklin, B Kim Humphreys
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether cervical disk herniation (CDH) location, morphology, or Modic changes (MCs) are related to treatment outcomes. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and outcome data from 44 patients with CDH treated with spinal manipulative therapy were evaluated. MRI scans were assessed for CDH axial location, morphology, and MCs. Pain (0-10 for neck and arm) and Neck Disability Index (NDI) data were collected at baseline; 2 weeks; 1, 3, and 6 months; and 1 year...
October 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660595/the-physiological-role-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-in-human-immunity-and-its-potential-implications-in-spinal-manipulative-therapy-a-narrative-literature-review
#15
Liang Zhang, Chao Hua Yao
OBJECTIVE: Although tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a well-known inflammatory cytokine in the pathological development of various human diseases, its physiological roles are not widely understood nor appreciated. The molecular mechanisms underlying spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) remain elusive. The relationship between TNF and SMT is unclear. Thus, we performed this literature review to better understand TNF physiology and its potential relationship with SMT, and we propose a novel mechanism by which SMT may achieve clinical benefits by using certain beneficial features of TNF...
September 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637456/chiropractic-and-spinal-manipulation-therapy-on-twitter-case-study-examining-the-presence-of-critiques-and-debates
#16
Alessandro R Marcon, Philip Klostermann, Timothy Caulfield
BACKGROUND: Spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) is a popular though controversial practice. The debates surrounding efficacy and risk of SMT are only partially evident in popular discourse. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the presence of critiques and debates surrounding efficacy and risk of SMT on the social media platform Twitter. The study examines whether there is presence of debate and whether critical information is being widely disseminated. METHODS: An initial corpus of 31,339 tweets was compiled through Twitter's Search Application Programming Interface using the query terms "chiropractic," "chiropractor," and "spinal manipulation therapy...
September 16, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559277/medium-term-effects-of-including-manual-therapy-in-a-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#17
Roger Mark Engel, Peter Gonski, Ken Beath, Subramanyam Vemulpad
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of including manual therapy (MT) in a pulmonary rehabilitation program for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). BACKGROUND: The primary source of exercise limitation in people with COPD is dyspnea. The dyspnea is partly caused by changes in chest wall mechanics, with an increase in chest wall rigidity (CWR) contributing to a decrease in lung function...
May 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530089/attitudes-and-opinions-of-doctors-of-chiropractic-specializing-in-pediatric-care-toward-patient-safety-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Katherine A Pohlman, Linda Carroll, Lisa Hartling, Ross Tsuyuki, Sunita Vohra
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional survey was to evaluate attitudes and opinions of doctors of chiropractic (DCs) specializing in pediatric care toward patient safety. METHODS: The Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality was adapted for providers who use spinal manipulation therapy and sent out to 2 US chiropractic organizations' pediatric council members (n = 400) between February and April 2014...
September 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504049/mechanical-low-back-pain-secular-trend-and-intervention-topics-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Greta Castellini, Silvia Gianola, Giuseppe Banfi, Stefanos Bonovas, Lorenzo Moja
PURPOSE: To evaluate the number of published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focusing on mechanical low back pain (MLBP) rehabilitation, the secular (i.e., long-term) trend, and the distribution of interventions studied. METHODS: All included RCTs were extracted from all Cochrane systematic reviews focusing on rehabilitation therapies for MLBP, and two independent reviewers screened and analyzed the information on interventions. RESULTS: After removal of duplicates, the data set consisted of 196 RCTs published between 1961 and 2010...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403282/erratum-to-spinal-manipulative-therapy-graston-technique%C3%A2-and-placebo-for-non-specific-thoracic-spine-pain-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Amy L Crothers, Simon D French, Jeff J Hebert, Bruce F Walker
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s12998-016-0096-9.].
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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