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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692078/-temporal-characteristics-of-soil-fertility-of-cropland-requisition-compensation-in-the-typical-region-of-yangtze-river-delta-china
#1
Zhi Chao Xui, Dong Sheng Yu, Yue Pan, Xi Yang Wang, Jing Jing Huang, Bo Sun
Based on the satellite image in 1984, 2000 and 2016, we analyzed the temporal and spatial variation of cropland requisition-compensation in Changshu City, Jiangsu Province. Based on ArcGIS and the data of soil samples, membership function with integrated fertility index were used to evaluate the soil fertility in 1984 and 2000, respectively. The overlay analysis had been used to reveal the characteristics of soil fertility of cropland requisition-compensation between the period of 1984 to 2000 and 2000 to 2016...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692010/-knot-attributes-of-korean-pine-plantation-based-on-mixed-effect-model
#2
Wei Wei Jia, Can Cui, Feng Ri Li
Based on 1534 knot data from 60 sample trees in a Korean pine plantation in Mengjiagang Forest Farm, Heilongjiang Province, China, mixed effect model of knot attributefactors (knot diameter, sound knot length, year of death of knot and knot angle) of Korean pine plantation was established using NLMIXED and GLIMMIX procedures of SAS software. The prediction accuracy of models was compared using evaluation statistics, such as Akaike information criterion (AIC), Bayesian information criterion (BIC), -2Log likelihood(-2LL), and likelihood ratio test (LRT)...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691976/time-together-a-nursing-intervention-in-psychiatric-inpatient-care-feasibility-and-effects
#3
Jenny Molin, Britt-Marie Lindgren, Ulla Hällgren Graneheim, Anders Ringnér
The facilitation of quality time between patients and staff in psychiatric inpatient care is useful to promote recovery and reduce stress experienced by staff. However, interventions are reported to be complex to implement and are poorly described in the literature. This multisite study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effects of the nursing intervention Time Together, using mixed methods. Data consisted of notes from participant observations and logs to evaluate feasibility, and questionnaires to evaluate effects...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691974/aboriginal-experiences-of-cancer-and-care-coordination-lessons-from-the-cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-narratives
#4
Rachel Reilly, Jasmine Micklem, Paul Yerrell, David Banham, Kim Morey, Janet Stajic, Marion Eckert, Monica Lawrence, Harold B Stewart, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people with cancer experience worse outcomes than other Australians for a range of complex and interrelated reasons. A younger age at diagnosis, higher likelihood of more advanced cancer or cancer type with poorer prognosis, geographic isolation and cultural and language diversity mean that patient pathways are potentially more complex for Aboriginal people with cancer. In addition, variation in the quality and acceptability of care may influence cancer outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691835/rufinamide-add-on-therapy-for-refractory-epilepsy
#5
REVIEW
Mariangela Panebianco, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder (neurological disorder). Epileptic seizures are the result of excessive and abnormal cortical nerve cell electrical activity in the brain. Despite the development of more than 10 new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) since the early 2000s, approximately a third of people with epilepsy remain resistant to pharmacotherapy, often requiring treatment with a combination of AEDs. In this review, we summarised the current evidence regarding rufinamide, a novel anticonvulsant medication, which, as a triazole derivative, is structurally unrelated to any other currently used anticonvulsant medication, when used as an add-on treatment for refractory epilepsy...
April 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691773/etelcalcetide-for-treating-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-an-evidence-review-group-evaluation-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#6
Micah Rose, Jonathan Shepherd, Petra Harris, Karen Pickett, Joanne Lord
The manufacturer of the calcimimetic drug etelcalcetide was invited to make an evidence submission as part of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Single Technology Appraisal (STA) programme. Within this submission, they reported evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of etelcalcetide for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on haemodialysis. The Southampton Health Technology Assessments Centre (SHTAC), part of the Wessex Institute at the University of Southampton, was the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG) commissioned to appraise the company's submission...
April 25, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691772/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-and-its-association-with-disease-activity-functionality-mobility-and-structural-damage
#7
Clementina López-Medina, Juan L Garrido-Castro, Juan Castro-Jiménez, Cristina González-Navas, Jerusalem Calvo-Gutiérrez, M Carmen Castro-Villegas, Rafaela Ortega-Castro, Alejandro Escudero-Contreras, Pilar Font-Ugalde, Eduardo Collantes-Estévez
To evaluate quality of life (QoL) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and its association with disease activity, functionality, structural damage, and spinal mobility, using patient-reported outcomes. This was an observational, cross-sectional, and single-center study in which 100 consecutive patients with axSpA were included. We obtained from all patients' sociodemographic data and values related to disease activity, functionality, structural damage, mobility, and quality of life. The Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL) was considered as the primary outcome...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691754/the-effect-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-on-sports-and-work-participation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Alexander Hoorntje, Kim Y Janssen, Stefan B T Bolder, Koen L M Koenraadt, Joost G Daams, Leendert Blankevoort, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, P Paul F M Kuijer
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a successful procedure to treat end-stage hip osteoarthritis. The procedure is increasingly performed in adults of working age, who often wish to return to sports (RTS) and return to work (RTW). However, a systematic overview of the evidence on RTS and RTW after THA is lacking. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to systematically review (1) the extent to which patients RTS and RTW after THA, including (2) the time to RTS and RTW...
April 24, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691690/-biomarkers-and-imaging-for-diagnosis-and-stratification-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondylarthritis-in-the-bmbf-consortium-arthromark
#9
REVIEW
T Häupl, A Skapenko, B Hoppe, K Skriner, H Burkhardt, D Poddubnyy, S Ohrndorf, P Sewerin, U Mansmann, B Stuhlmüller, H Schulze-Koops, G-R Burmester
Rheumatic diseases are among the most common chronic inflammatory disorders. Besides severe pain and progressive destruction of the joints, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritides (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) impair working ability, reduce quality of life and if treated insufficiently may enhance mortality. With the introduction of biologics to treat these diseases, the demand for biomarkers of early diagnosis and therapeutic stratification has been growing continuously. The main goal of the consortium ArthroMark is to identify new biomarkers and to apply modern imaging technologies for diagnosis, follow-up assessment and stratification of patients with RA, SpA and PsA...
April 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691621/clinical-impact-of-preoperative-sarcopenia-on-the-postoperative-outcomes-after-pancreas-transplantation
#10
Yasunari Fukuda, Tadafumi Asaoka, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Kazuki Sasaki, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Daisaku Yamada, Takehiro Noda, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Gotoh, Shogo Kobayashi, Toshinori Ito, Yutaka Takeda, Masahiro Tanemura, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: The importance of evaluating sarcopenia is increasingly being recognized in the field of transplantation because sarcopenia can have an adverse effect on the treatment outcomes. However, the clinical significance of preoperative sarcopenia on the postoperative outcomes following pancreas transplantation (PTx) has been largely unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of preoperative sarcopenia in predicting the postoperative outcomes following PTx in recipients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D)...
April 24, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691617/mapping-functions-in-health-related-quality-of-life-mapping-from-the-achilles-tendon-rupture-score-to-the-eq-5d
#11
Ay-Yen Hua, Olof Westin, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eleonor Svantesson, Alberto Grassi, Stefano Zaffagnini, Kristian Samuelsson, Mikael Svensson
PURPOSE: Health state utility values are derived from preference-based measurements and are useful in calculating quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), which is a metric commonly used in cost-effectiveness studies. The purpose of this study was to convert the Achilles Tendon Rupture Score (ATRS) to the preference-based European Quality of Life-5 Dimension Questionnaire (EQ-5D) by estimating the relationship between the two scores using mapping. METHODS: Data were collected from a randomised controlled trial, where 100 patients were treated either surgically or non-surgically for Achilles tendon rupture...
April 24, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691571/-case-based-learning-based-on-cbct-software-in-clinical-teaching-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-radiology
#12
Ling Zhu, Xia Cao, Xiao-Feng Tao
PURPOSE: To compare the teaching result of case-based learning based on cone-beam CT (CBCT) software and traditional pantomography. METHODS: Thirty-eight interns (7-year programme) of grade 2011 from College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University were enrolled. The inner diameter of the nasopalatine ducts (A), the length of upper canine's pulp cavity (B), the length between root furcation of upper first molar and the maxillary sinus (C), the length between the root of lower wisdom tooth and the inferior alveolar nerve (D) were measured on pantomographic films and CBCT in the same case...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691278/decreasing-the-time-to-insulin-administration-for-hospitalized-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-related-diabetes
#13
Allison Smego, Sarah Lawson, Joshua D Courter, Deborah Warden, Sarah Corathers
OBJECTIVES: Children with cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) represent a commonly hospitalized pediatric population whose members require insulin for blood glucose (BG) control. The aim of this quality improvement initiative was to increase the proportion of hospitalized patients with CFRD receiving insulin within 30 minutes of a BG check while decreasing severe hypo- and hyperglycemia episodes. METHODS: Quality improvement methodology (gathering a team of stakeholders, identifying metrics, implementing iterative plan-do-study-act cycles and analysis of data over time) was applied in the setting of a cystic fibrosis unit in a tertiary care children's hospital...
April 24, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691246/effectiveness-of-implementing-a-best-practice-primary-healthcare-model-for-low-back-pain-betterback-compared-with-current-routine-care-in-the-swedish-context-an-internal-pilot-study-informed-protocol-for-an-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-type-2-trial
#14
Allan Abbott, Karin Schröder, Paul Enthoven, Per Nilsen, Birgitta Öberg
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem commonly requiring healthcare. In Sweden, there is a call from healthcare practitioners (HCPs) for the development, implementation and evaluation of a best practice primary healthcare model for LBP. AIMS: (1) To improve and understand the mechanisms underlying changes in HCP confidence, attitudes and beliefs for providing best practice coherent primary healthcare for patients with LBP; (2) to improve and understand the mechanisms underlying illness beliefs, self-care enablement, pain, disability and quality of life in patients with LBP; and (3) to evaluate a multifaceted and sustained implementation strategy and the cost-effectiveness of the BetterBack☺ model of care (MOC) for LBP from the perspective of the Swedish primary healthcare context...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691245/health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-inpatients-with-lung-cancer-treatedin-large-general-hospitals-across-sectional-study
#15
Wen Gu, Yan-Min Xu, Bao-Liang Zhong
OBJECTIVE: In China, psychosocial problems of patients with cancer are under-recognised and undertreated in medical oncology practice. This study examined the health-related quality of life (QOL) in inpatients with lung cancer treated in large general hospitals and explored the demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors associated with QOL. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: Altogether, 148 inpatients with lung cancer were consecutively recruited from two large general hospitals in Tianjin, China...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691242/-to-be-a-woman-is-to-make-a-plan-a-qualitative-study-exploring-mothers-experiences-of-the-child-support-grant-in-supporting-children-s-diets-and-nutrition-in-south-africa
#16
Wanga Zembe-Mkabile, Rebecca Surender, David Sanders, Rina Swart, Vundli Ramokolo, Gemma Wright, Tanya Doherty
Food security and good nutrition are key determinants of child well-being. There is strong evidence that cash transfers such as South Africa's Child Support Grant (CSG) have the potential to help address some of the underlying drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition by providing income to caregivers in poor households, but it is unclear how precisely they work to affect child well-being and nutrition. We present results from a qualitative study conducted to explore the role of the CSG in food security and child well-being in poor households in an urban and a rural setting in South Africa...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691221/small-ncrna-seq-results-of-human-tissues-variations-depending-on-sample-integrity
#17
Nicole Ludwig, Tobias Fehlmann, Valentina Galata, Andre Franke, Christina Backes, Eckart Meese, Andreas Keller
BACKGROUND: Although mature miRNAs are relatively stable in vivo, RNA degradation can have a substantial influence on small noncoding RNA (sncRNA) profiles. METHODS: Using different tissue storage conditions and RNA isolation procedures, we analyzed the integrity and quality of RNA isolates from human lung and heart tissues. We sequenced a total of 64 RNA samples and quantified the effect of RNA degradation, DNA contamination, and other confounding factors on the sncRNA-seq data...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691213/an-mhealth-app-for-decision-making-support-in-wound-dressing-selection-wounds-protocol-for-a-user-centered-feasibility-study
#18
Scott Jordan, Jane McSwiggan, Joanne Parker, Gayle A Halas, Marcia Friesen
BACKGROUND: Primary care health professionals, especially family physicians, see a variety of wounds, and yet-despite the frequency of providing wound care-many family physicians do not feel confident in wound care management. This is partly due to a lack of formal wound education in Family Medicine programs. While there are numerous electronic wound care resources available in the UK and North America, none were identified that address the specific need in supporting clinical decision-making in wound dressing selection...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691212/utilization-of-a-clinical-trial-management-system-for-the-whole-clinical-trial-process-as-an-integrated-database-system-development
#19
Yu Rang Park, Young Jo Yoon, HaYeong Koo, Soyoung Yoo, Chang-Min Choi, Sung-Ho Beck, Tae Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials pose potential risks in both communications and management due to the various stakeholders involved when performing clinical trials. The academic medical center has a responsibility and obligation to conduct and manage clinical trials while maintaining a sufficiently high level of quality, therefore it is necessary to build an information technology system to support standardized clinical trial processes and comply with relevant regulations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to address the challenges identified while performing clinical trials at an academic medical center, Asan Medical Center (AMC) in Korea, by developing and utilizing a clinical trial management system (CTMS) that complies with standardized processes from multiple departments or units, controlled vocabularies, security, and privacy regulations...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691211/developing-a-third-party-analytics-application-using-australia-s-national-personal-health-records-system-case-study
#20
Niranjan Bidargaddi, Yasmin van Kasteren, Peter Musiat, Michael Kidd
BACKGROUND: My Health Record (MyHR) is Australia's national electronic health record (EHR) system. Poor usability and functionality have resulted in low utility, affecting enrollment and participation rates by both patients and clinicians alike. Similar to apps on mobile phone app stores, innovative third-party applications of MyHR platform data can enhance the usefulness of the platform, but there is a paucity of research into the processes involved in developing third-party applications that integrate and use data from EHR systems...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
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