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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087792/the-unfolding-of-lgbt-lives-key-events-associated-with-health-and-well-being-in-later-life
#1
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Sarah Jen, Jayn Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Anna Muraco
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Life events are associated with the health and well-being of older adults. Using the Health Equity Promotion Model, this article explores historical and environmental context as it frames life experiences and adaptation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: This was the largest study to date of LGBT older adults to identify life events related to identity development, work, and kin relationships and their associations with health and quality of life (QOL)...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087088/discharge-teaching-readiness-for-discharge-and-post-discharge-outcomes-in-parents-of-hospitalized-children
#2
Marianne E Weiss, Kathleen J Sawin, Karen Gralton, Norah Johnson, Carol Klingbeil, Stacee Lerret, Shelly Malin, Olga Yakusheva, Rachel Schiffman
PURPOSE: This study explored the sequential relationships of parent perceptions of the quality of their discharge teaching and nurse and parent perceptions of discharge readiness to post-discharge outcomes (parental post-discharge coping difficulty, readmission and emergency department visits). DESIGN/METHODS: In this secondary analysis of data from a longitudinal pilot study of family self-management discharge preparation, the correlational design used regression modeling with data from a convenience sample of 194 parents from two clinical units at a Midwest pediatric hospital...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072649/is-early-definitive-fixation-of-bicondylar-tibial-plateau-fractures-safe-an-observational-cohort-study
#3
Florence Unno, Kelly A Lefaivre, Georg Osterhoff, Pierre Guy, Henry M Broekhuyse, Piotr A Blachut, Peter O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: The optimal treatment protocol for bicondylar plateau fractures remains controversial. Contrary to popular practice which favors a staged protocol in many high-energy fracture patterns, we have used early single-stage open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) to treat these injuries whenever possible. The purpose of this study was to determine the complication rate as well as the functional and radiographic outcomes of this strategy. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort study and prospective data collection...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069045/improving-nursing-home-care-through-feedback-on-performance-data-inform-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Matthias Hoben, Peter G Norton, Liane R Ginsburg, Ruth A Anderson, Greta G Cummings, Holly J Lanham, Janet E Squires, Deanne Taylor, Adrian S Wagg, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is effective in improving the quality of care. However, methods and results of international studies are heterogeneous, and studies have been criticized for a lack of systematic use of theory. In TREC (Translating Research in Elder Care), a longitudinal health services research program, we collect comprehensive data from care providers and residents in Canadian nursing homes to improve quality of care and life of residents, and quality of worklife of caregivers...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068465/one-year-developmental-outcomes-for-infants-of-mothers-with-bipolar-disorder
#5
Aimee K Santucci, Lynn T Singer, Stephen R Wisniewski, James F Luther, Heather F Eng, Dorothy K Sit, Katherine L Wisner
OBJECTIVE: Few data about the development of infants born to women with bipolar disorder have been published. We hypothesized that infants of women with bipolar disorder (by DSM-IV criteria) treated with psychotropics (BD+) or untreated with psychotropics (BD-) would demonstrate poorer cognitive and behavioral development than infants of controls. On the basis of previous studies, we expected that psychotropic-exposed infants of women in the BD+ group would have poorer neuromotor performance during infancy...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068306/revision-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-inherited-bleeding-disorders-a-single-center-experience
#6
Andrzej Kotela, Magdalena Wilk-Frańczuk, Piotr Żbikowski, Paweł Łęgosz, Paweł Ambroziak, Ireneusz Kotela
BACKGROUND The results of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with inherited bleeding disorders (IBDs) are poorer when compared with those in the general population, with a notably higher risk of complications and higher revision rates. Thus, revision procedures are becoming a growing concern in this group of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of revision TKA in patients with IBD. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective cohort study with longitudinal assessment of hemophilia patients scheduled for revision TKA between January 2010 and September 2015 was performed...
January 9, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063868/distinct-wound-healing-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-subgroups-of-patients-with-venous-leg-ulcers-with-different-symptom-cluster-experiences
#7
Kathleen Finlayson, Christine Miaskowski, Kimberly Alexander, Wei-Hong Liu, Bradley Aouizerat, Christina Parker, Dianne Maresco-Pennisi, Helen Edwards
CONTEXT: Adults with venous leg ulcers frequently experience multiple symptoms which may influence quality of life (QOL). OBJECTIVES: To identify patient subgroups based on their experience with a pain-depression-fatigue-sleep disturbance (PDFS) symptom cluster and to identify differences in patient characteristics, as well as wound healing and quality of life outcomes between the subgroups. METHODS: Secondary data analysis from previous longitudinal studies of 247 patients with venous leg ulcers...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048647/tu-d-207b-07-radiomic-response-assessment-for-recurrent-glioblastoma-treated-with-bevacizumab-in-the-brain-trial
#8
P Grossmann, V Narayan, R Huang, H Aerts
PURPOSE: To develop radiomic biomarkers for non-invasive response assessment of Bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech) treatment in recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). METHODS: We analyzed prospectively acquired data from the BRAIN trial. For 167 patients, we extracted 71 radiomic features each from normalized post-contrast T1-weighted and fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences at baseline (pretreatment), and at follow-ups of six and twelve weeks (post-treatment), respectively, where available...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033196/the-impact-of-subjective-well-being-on-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies-in-the-general-population
#9
Natalia Martín-María, Marta Miret, Francisco Félix Caballero, Laura Alejandra Rico-Uribe, Andrew Steptoe, Somnath Chatterji, José Luis Ayuso-Mateos
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether subjective well-being is a protective factor for mortality in the general population, and to analyze the differential impact of evaluative, experienced, and eudaimonic well-being. METHODS: Systematic review of articles in the PsycINFO, Web of Science, and PubMed databases. Data on the studies' characteristics, quality, and the effects of variables were extracted. A meta-analysis was conducted on the studies included in the systematic review...
December 28, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026074/measurement-properties-of-the-haem-a-qol-in-haemophilia-clinical-trials
#10
S von Mackensen, A Eldar-Lissai, P Auguste, S Krishnan, R von Maltzahn, R Yu, K W Wyrwich
INTRODUCTION: Patients with haemophilia on long-acting prophylactic treatment may experience an improvement in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) through reductions in breakthrough bleeds and associated complications, including long-term joint damage, compared with episodic treatment. AIM: This analysis examined clinical trial data to understand the psychometric characteristics (reliability, validity and sensitivity to change over time) of the Haem-A-QoL Questionnaire in adult males with haemophilia...
December 27, 2016: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008425/quantitative-pet-mri-evaluation-and-application-in-dementia
#11
Yongxia Zhou
A recently introduced integrated scanner combining simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (PET/MRI) acquisition presents a unique set of opportunities for neuroimaging research and dementia in particular [1]. Among these, the intrinsic co-registration of the images has the potential to reduce errors in multi-modality image registration, which could lead to better quantification of longitudinal volumetric changes in neuroanatomical features that are important for assessing disease progression...
June 2016: Jacobs J Med Diagn Med Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006876/health-related-quality-of-life-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Arpita Parmar, Shannon Marie Vandriel, Vicky Lee Ng
With improved survival rates after pediatric liver transplantation (LT), attention is targeting improving the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as an outcome metric. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine HRQOL after pediatric LT, focusing on assessment tools, and factors associated with HRQOL.A literature search was conducted through PubMed, Web of Science, OVID, and Google Scholar for all studies matching the eligibility criteria between January 2004 and September 2016. Titles and abstracts were screened independently by two authors and consensus for included studies was achieved through discussion...
December 22, 2016: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004380/impact-of-health-system-affiliation-on-hospital-resource-use-intensity-and-quality-of-care
#13
Rachel Mosher Henke, Zeynal Karaca, Brian Moore, Eli Cutler, Hangsheng Liu, William D Marder, Herbert S Wong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of hospital affiliation, centralization, and managed care plan ownership on inpatient cost and quality. DATA SOURCES: Inpatient discharges from 3,957 community hospitals in 44 states and American Hospital Association Annual Survey data from 2010 to 2012. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal regression analysis using hierarchical modeling of discharges clustered within hospitals. DATA COLLECTION: Detailed discharge data including costs, length of stay, and patient characteristics from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases were merged with hospital survey data from the American Hospital Association...
December 22, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003324/e-cigarettes-and-equity-a-systematic-review-of-differences-in-awareness-and-use-between-sociodemographic-groups
#14
REVIEW
Greg Hartwell, Sian Thomas, Matt Egan, Anna Gilmore, Mark Petticrew
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) awareness, 'ever use' and current use vary significantly between different sociodemographic groups. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Published and unpublished reports identified by searching seven electronic databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, Global Health, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus) and grey literature sources. STUDY SELECTION: Systematic search for and appraisal of cross-sectional or longitudinal studies that assessed e-cigarette awareness, 'ever use' or current use, and included subgroup analysis of 1 or more PROGRESS Plus sociodemographic groups...
December 21, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002572/activation-in-bipolar-disorders-a-systematic-review
#15
Jan Scott, Greg Murray, Chantal Henry, Gunnar Morken, Elizabeth Scott, Jules Angst, Kathleen R Merikangas, Ian B Hickie
Importance: Increased activity and energy alongside mood change are identified in the DSM-5 as cardinal symptoms of mania and hypomania. A wide range of existing research suggests that this revision may be valid, but systematic integration of the evidence has not been reported. The term activation is understood as emerging from underlying physiological change and having objective (observable motor activity) and related subjective (energy) levels. Objectives: To systematically review studies of the clinical phenomenon of activation in bipolar disorder, to determine whether activation is statistically abnormal in bipolar disorder and demonstrably distinct from mood, and to identify any significant between- and within-individual differences in the dynamics of activation...
December 21, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001303/predictors-of-multidomain-decline-in-health-related-quality-of-life-after-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-sbrt-for-prostate-cancer
#16
Robert T Dess, William C Jackson, Simeng Suy, Payal D Soni, Jae Y Lee, Ahmed E Abugharib, Zachary S Zumsteg, Felix Y Feng, Daniel A Hamstra, Sean P Collins, Daniel E Spratt
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for localized prostate cancer involves high-dose-per-fraction radiation treatments. Its use is increasing, but concerns remain about treatment-related toxicity. The authors assessed the incidence and predictors of a global decline in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after prostate SBRT. METHODS: From 2008 to 2014, 713 consecutive men with localized prostate cancer received treatment with SBRT according to a prospective institutional protocol...
December 21, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991612/patient-reported-self-efficacy-anxiety-and-health-related-quality-of-life-during-chemotherapy-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Constantina Papadopoulou, Grigorios Kotronoulas, Annegret Schneider, Morven I Miller, Jackie McBride, Zoe Polly, Simon Bettles, Alison Whitehouse, Lisa McCann, Nora Kearney, Roma Maguire
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore changes over time in self-efficacy and the predictive ability of changes in state anxiety and health-related quality of life during chemotherapy.
. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal dataset derived from a larger, multicenter study.
. SETTING: Outpatient oncology clinics across eight general hospitals in England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
. SAMPLE: 137 patients scheduled to receive adjuvant chemotherapy for breast or colorectal cancer...
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988789/systematic-review-of-rheumatic-disease-phenotypes-and-outcomes-in-the-indigenous-populations-of-canada-the-usa-australia-and-new-zealand
#18
REVIEW
Kelle Hurd, Cheryl Barnabe
We performed a systematic review designed to characterize clinical phenotypes and outcomes in Indigenous populations with rheumatic disease to enhance the understanding of how rheumatic disease presents in Indigenous populations and allow for better projection of the healthcare needs of the communities affected. A systematic search was performed in medical (Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL), Indigenous and conference abstract databases (to June 2015). Search terms for Indigenous populations were combined with terms for inflammatory arthritis conditions, connective tissue disorders, crystal arthritis and osteoarthritis...
December 17, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986501/motivation-and-mortality-in-older-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer-a-longitudinal-study-with-ten-years-of-follow-up
#19
Clark Dumontier, Kerri M Clough-Gorr, Rebecca A Silliman, Andreas E Stuck, André Moser
OBJECTIVES: The Getting Out of Bed Scale (GOB) was validated as a health-related quality of life (HRQoL) variable in older women with early stage breast cancer, suggesting its potential as a concise yet powerful measure of motivation. The aim of our project was to assess the association between GOB and mortality over 10years of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 660 women ≥65-years old diagnosed with stage I-IIIA primary breast cancer. Data were collected over 10years of follow-up from interviews, medical records, and death indexes...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974084/insight-self-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-schizophrenia-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#20
Y-J Lien, H-A Chang, Y-C Kao, N-S Tzeng, C-W Lu, C-H Loh
AIMS: Poor insight is prevalent in patients with schizophrenia and has been associated with acute illness severity, medication non-adherence and poor treatment outcomes. Paradoxically, high insight has been associated with various undesirable outcomes, including low self-esteem, depression and low subjective quality of life (QoL) in patients with schizophrenia. Despite the growing body of studies conducted in Western countries supporting the pernicious effects of improved insight in psychosis, which bases on the level of self-stigma, the effects are unclear in non-Western societies...
December 15, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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