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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544343/levels-of-anxiety-in-parents-in-the-24-h-before-and-after-their-child-s-surgery-a-descriptive-study
#1
Laura Pomicino, Elena Maccacari, Sara Buchini
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To: a. investigate pre and post-operative anxiety levels in parents of surgical patients; b. identify factors that affect parental anxiety; c. analyze assistance provided and overall parental satisfaction in order to assess if and how this aspect can impact their anxiety level. BACKGROUND: Surgery as an event generates anxiety in children and their parents. Children who are anxious before surgery are likely to develop more postoperative psychological and physiological complications than those who are not...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539379/the-effect-of-nutrition-training-for-health-care-staff-on-learner-and-patient-outcomes-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Owen Marples, Christine Baldwin, C Elizabeth Weekes
Background: Nutrition training for health care staff has been prioritized internationally as a key means of tackling malnutrition; however, there is a lack of clear evidence to support its implementation. Systematic reviews in other fields of training for health care staff indicate that training strategies may have a beneficial impact on learner and patient outcomes.Objectives: We assessed whether nutrition training for health care staff caring for nutritionally vulnerable adults resulted in improved learner and patient outcomes and evaluated the effectiveness of different training strategies...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532443/resourse-use-and-disease-couse-in-dementia-nursing-home-redic-nh-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-design-and-patient-characteristics-at-admission-to-norwegian-nursing-homes
#4
Irene Røen, Geir Selbæk, Øyvind Kirkevold, Knut Engedal, Ingelin Testad, Sverre Bergh
BACKGROUND: Earlier studies of nursing home patients show a high prevalence of dementia, neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS), pain, and dependency in activities of daily living. The REDIC-NH cohort was set up to study the disease course and the resources used in patients with dementia in Norway. The aim of this paper was to describe the methods and the data collection, and to present selected data about patients at admission to a nursing home. METHODS: We included 696 patients at admission to a nursing home and followed them with biannual assessments until death...
May 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525725/a-comparison-of-the-validity-and-responsiveness-of-the-eq-5d-5l-and-sf-6d-for-measuring-health-spillovers-a-study-of-the-family-impact-of-meningitis
#5
Arjun Bhadhuri, Sue Jowett, Kate Jolly, Hareth Al-Janabi
BACKGROUND: The "health spillover" of patient illness on family members is important to capture in economic evaluation. This study compares the construct validity and responsiveness of 2 widely used health-related quality-of-life instruments, the EQ-5D-5L and SF-6D, in capturing health spillover effects for family members with and without an informal care role (carers and noncarers). METHODS: Construct validity and responsiveness were assessed using data from a 2012 UK survey of the family impact of meningitis-related sequelae...
May 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523721/a-prospective-study-of-quality-of-life-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients
#6
B Jakobsson Larsson, A G Ozanne, K Nordin, I Nygren
OBJECTS: The aim of this prospective and longitudinal study was to describe individual quality of life in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and its correlations with physical function and emotional well-being from diagnosis and over time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients were included in the study. Individual quality of life was measured with the Schedule of Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life-Direct Weighting (SEIQoL-DW), illness severity was assessed using the Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (ALS FRS-R), and emotional distress was measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
May 19, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515014/hiv-and-the-criminalisation-of-drug-use-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review
#7
Kora DeBeck, Tessa Cheng, Julio S Montaner, Chris Beyrer, Richard Elliott, Susan Sherman, Evan Wood, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence suggests that laws and policies prohibiting illegal drug use could have a central role in shaping health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). To date, no systematic review has characterised the influence of laws and legal frameworks prohibiting drug use on HIV prevention and treatment. METHODS: Consistent with PRISMA guidelines, we did a systematic review of peer-reviewed scientific evidence describing the association between criminalisation of drug use and HIV prevention and treatment-related outcomes among PWID...
May 12, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513897/quality-and-survival-of-direct-light-activated-composite-resin-restorations-in-posterior-teeth-a-5-to-20-year-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#8
REVIEW
Ernesto Borgia, Rosario Baron, Jose Luis Borgia
PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical success of direct light-activated composite resin restorations in posterior teeth. The quality of the margins and occlusal surfaces were evaluated, as well as their survival, according to their extensions and locations. The clinical performance of posterior composite resin restorations with different compositions were compared. All restorations were performed by the first author in his private practice, in a 5- to 20-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several types of composite resins, provided by different manufacturers, were placed in posterior teeth, after isolation with rubber dams...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511720/identifying-models-of-delivery-care-domains-and-quality-indicators-relevant-to-palliative-day-services-a-scoping-review-protocol
#9
Seán R O'Connor, Martin Dempster, Noleen K McCorry
BACKGROUND: With an ageing population and increasing numbers of people with life-limiting illness, there is a growing demand for palliative day services. There is a need to measure and demonstrate the quality of these services, but there is currently little agreement on which aspects of care should be used to do this. The aim of the scoping review will be to map the extent, range and nature of the evidence around models of delivery, care domains and existing quality indicators used to evaluate palliative day services...
May 16, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511511/health-related-quality-of-life-of-persons-after-rhinoplasty-a-longitudinal-study-among-iranian-population
#10
Kazem Hosseinzadeh, Hamid Hamadzadeh, Mansour Khorasani, Maryam Jamshidi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing number of cosmetic rhinoplasty surgeries in Iran in recent years, there is little information about the effects of this procedure on the subjects' Quality of Life (QoL). This study examined the QoL after rhinoplasty in subjects without nasal obstruction, who wanted the surgery for aesthetic reasons, three and six months postoperatively. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the changes of QoL in clients who take rhinoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in Tehran, Iran...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509366/on-the-quality-of-adjustment-to-retirement-the-longitudinal-role-of-personality-traits-and-generativity
#11
Rodrigo Serrat, Feliciano Villar, Michael W Pratt, Arthur A Stukas
OBJECTIVE: Although psychological factors have been explored in relation to other life transitions, their influence on retirement adjustment quality has been largely overlooked. This study assessed the contribution of personality traits and generativity before retirement in the prediction of hedonic and eudaimonic wellbeing at two temporal points after retirement. METHOD: This article analyses data from the MIDUS (Midlife in the United States) longitudinal sample...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509365/the-degree-of-satisfaction-of-in-hospital-medical-patients-with-nursing-care-and-predictors-of-dissatisfaction-findings-from-a-secondary-analysis
#12
Alvisa Palese, Silvia Gonella, Anna Fontanive, Annamaria Guarnier, Paolo Barelli, Paola Zambiasi, Elisabetta Allegrini, Letizia Bazoli, Paola Casson, Meri Marin, Marisa Padovan, Michele Picogna, Patrizia Taddia, Daniele Salmaso, Paolo Chiari, Tiziana Frison, Oliva Marognolli, Federica Canzan, Elisa Ambrosi, Luisa Saiani
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction with nursing care (NC) is an important predictor of overall satisfaction with the hospital experience. However, the concept of patient satisfaction has been criticised both at the theoretical and at the methodological levels, and more attention on patient dissatisfaction has been called for with the aim of identifying strategies to improve the quality of care. AIMS: To describe dissatisfaction with NC as perceived by acute medical patients and identify predictors...
May 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507881/development-and-validation-of-the-idi-a-short-self-rating-disability-instrument-for-low-back-pain-disorders
#13
Cornelia Rolli Salathé, Achim Elfering, Alexander Tuschel, Michael Ogon, H Michael Mayer, Norbert Boos
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal validation study. OBJECTIVE: Development and validation of a short, reliable, and valid questionnaire for the assessment of low back pain-related disability. METHODS: The iDI was created in a stepwise procedure: (1) its development was based on the literature and theoretical consideration; (2) outcome data were collected and evaluated in a pilot study; (3) final validations were performed based on an international multicenter spine surgery outcome study including 514 patients; (4) the iDI was programmed for a tablet computer (iPad) and tested for its clinical practicability...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506216/nutritional-determinants-of-frailty-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
Laura Lorenzo-López, Ana Maseda, Carmen de Labra, Laura Regueiro-Folgueira, José L Rodríguez-Villamil, José C Millán-Calenti
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a geriatric syndrome that affects multiple domains of human functioning. A variety of problems contributes to the development of this syndrome; poor nutritional status is an important determinant of this condition. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine recent evidence regarding the association between nutritional status and frailty syndrome in older adults. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus electronic databases were searched using specific key words, for observational papers that were published during the period from 2005 to February 2017 and that studied the association or relationship between nutritional status and frailty in older adults...
May 15, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504043/insight-in-psychosis-standards-science-ethics-and-value-judgment
#15
K S Jacob
BACKGROUND: The clinical assessment of insight solely employs biomedical perspectives and criteria to the complete exclusion of context and culture and to the disregard of values and value judgments. AIM: The aim of this discussion article is to examine recent research from India on insight and explanatory models in psychosis and re-examine the framework of assessment, diagnosis and management of insight and explanatory models. METHODS: Recent research from India on insight in psychosis and explanatory models is reviewed...
June 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501417/prevalence-of-frailty-assessed-by-fried-and-kihon-checklist-indexes-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-design-and-demographics-of-the-kyoto-kameoka-longitudinal-study
#16
Yosuke Yamada, Hinako Nanri, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Keiichi Yokoyama, Aya Itoi, Heiwa Date, Miwa Yamaguchi, Motoko Miyake, Emi Yamagata, Hajime Tamiya, Miho Nishimura, Mami Fujibayashi, Naoyuki Ebine, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Eiichi Yoshimura, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Minoru Yamada, Tomoki Nakaya, Yasuko Yoshinaka, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hidenori Arai, Misaka Kimura
OBJECTIVE: The Kyoto-Kameoka Study was launched in 2011-2012 to identify the associations among food intake, nutritional status, physical activity, oral function, quality of life or social capital, the use of long-term care insurance (LTCI) system, and healthy lifespan in community-dwelling older people as a part of the World Health Organization Safe Community program. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study, reporting baseline demographics (cross-sectional data). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted 2 mailed self-administered questionnaire surveys; one is a complete population survey with a comprehensive survey of needs in the sphere of daily life (NSDL) that included 2 different frailty indexes, the Kihon Checklist (KCL) and the Fried phenotype, socioeconomic status, general and psychological health, and social relationships; followed by the more detailed Health and Nutrition Survey...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499106/alcohol-and-cigarette-use-from-ages-23-to-55-links-with-health-and-well-being-in-the-long-term-national-child-development-study
#17
Jeremy Staff, Jennifer Maggs
OBJECTIVE: Using longitudinal data from the National Child Development Study, an ongoing study of a nationally representative British cohort born in 1958 (n = 9,137; 51% female), we examined how patterns of alcohol and cigarette use from young adulthood (age 23) to midlife (age 55) are associated with health and well-being. METHOD: We first used a nonparametric multilevel latent class specification to identify eight unique paths of alcohol and cigarette use from ages 23 to 55, and then assessed how these long-term latent paths related to overall health, heart problems, chronic illness, and quality of life at midlife...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498838/assessing-medical-professionalism-a-systematic-review-of-instruments-and-their-measurement-properties
#18
Honghe Li, Ning Ding, Yuanyuan Zhang, Yang Liu, Deliang Wen
BACKGROUND: Over the last three decades, various instruments were developed and employed to assess medical professionalism, but their measurement properties have yet to be fully evaluated. This study aimed to systematically evaluate these instruments' measurement properties and the methodological quality of their related studies within a universally acceptable standardized framework and then provide corresponding recommendations. METHODS: A systematic search of the electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO was conducted to collect studies published from 1990-2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493149/fitting-growth-curve-models-in-the-bayesian-framework
#19
Zita Oravecz, Chelsea Muth
Growth curve modeling is a popular methodological tool due to its flexibility in simultaneously analyzing both within-person effects (e.g., assessing change over time for one person) and between-person effects (e.g., comparing differences in the change trajectories across people). This paper is a practical exposure to fitting growth curve models in the hierarchical Bayesian framework. First the mathematical formulation of growth curve models is provided. Then we give step-by-step guidelines on how to fit these models in the hierarchical Bayesian framework with corresponding computer scripts (JAGS and R)...
May 10, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490913/health-related-quality-of-life-among-cognitively-intact-nursing-home-residents-with-and-without-cancer-a-6-year-longitudinal-study
#20
Jorunn Drageset, Geir Egil Eide, Anne Corbett
BACKGROUND: Limited information exists regarding the natural development of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its determinants among mentally intact nursing home (NH) residents. We aimed to examine HRQOL over time during a 6-year period among residents of NHs, who are not cognitively impaired, and to examine whether sense of coherence and a diagnosis of cancer influence HRQOL. METHODS: The study was prospective and included baseline assessment and 6-year follow-up...
2017: Patient related Outcome Measures
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