Read by QxMD icon Read

longitudinal and data and quality and assessment

Lynn A Barnett
This longitudinal study identified degrees of playfulness in 278 kindergarten-aged children, and followed them through their next three school years to determine how playfulness was viewed by the children themselves, their classmates, and teachers. Perceptions of the social competence, disruptiveness, and labeling as the class clown, were assessed from all perspectives in each of first through third grades. Hierarchical linear modeling was conducted to account for the nesting of the data (children within classrooms within schools) and for the lack of independence between the measures...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Tolulope T Sajobi, Meng Wang, Oluwagbohunmi Awosoga, Maria Santana, Danielle Southern, Zhiying Liang, Diane Galbraith, Stephen B Wilton, Hude Quan, Michelle M Graham, Matthew T James, William A Ghali, Merrill L Knudtson, Colleen Norris
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessment is an important health outcome for measuring the efficacy of treatments and interventions for coronary artery disease (CAD). HRQOL is known to improve over the first year after interventions for CAD, but there is limited knowledge of the changes in HRQOL beyond 1 year. We investigated heterogeneity in long-term trajectories of HRQOL in patients with CAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were obtained from 6226 patients identified from the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease with at least 1-vessel CAD who underwent their first catheterization between 2006 and 2009...
March 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Colin M Bosma, Nashwa Mansoor, Chiara S Haller
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the relationship between Post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptom severity and Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) after severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective multi-center, cohort study on severe TBI in Switzerland (2007-2011). Injury severity was determined using the Abbreviated Injury Score of the Head region (HAIS), following clinical assessment and initial computed tomography (CT). SETTING: Baseline data was gathered at time/location of the accident...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
C Bascoul-Mollevi, Marion Savina, Amélie Anota, Antoine Barbieri, David Azria, Franck Bonnetain, Sophie Gourgou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has become one relevant and available alternative endpoint of clinical trials in cancer research to evaluate efficiency of care both for the patient and health system. HRQoL in oncology is mainly assessed using the 30-item European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life-Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30). The EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire is usually assessed at different times along the clinical trials in order to analyze the kinetics of HRQoL evolution and to fully assess the impact of the treatment on the patient's HRQoL level...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Svetlana Tikhonova, Linda Booij, Violet D'Souza, Karla T B Crosara, Walter L Siqueira, Elham Emami
BACKGROUND: This scoping review addressed the question 'what do we know about stress-related changes in saliva and dental caries in general population?' METHODS: The review was conducted using electronic searches via Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and WoS. All published human studies with both observational and experimental designs were included. Two reviewers independently reviewed eligible articles and extracted the data. The studies' quality was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool...
March 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Ambarish Pandey, Kershaw V Patel, Li Liang, Adam D DeVore, Roland Matsouaka, Deepak L Bhatt, Clyde W Yancy, Adrian F Hernandez, Paul A Heidenreich, James A de Lemos, Gregg C Fonarow
Importance: Among patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF), the long-term clinical implications of hospitalization at hospitals based on 30-day risk-standardized mortality rates (RSMRs) is not known. Objective: To evaluate the association of hospital-specific 30-day RSMR with long-term survival among patients hospitalized with HF in the American Heart Association Get With The Guidelines-HF registry. Design, Setting, and Participants: The longitudinal observational study included 106 304 patients with HF who were admitted to 317 centers participating in the Get With The Guidelines-HF registry from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2013, and had Medicare-linked follow-up data...
March 12, 2018: JAMA Cardiology
Rocco Friebel, Katharina Hauck, Paul Aylin, Adam Steventon
OBJECTIVE: To assess trends in 30-day emergency readmission rates across England over one decade. DESIGN: Retrospective study design. SETTING: 150 non-specialist hospital trusts in England. PARTICIPANTS: 23 069 134 patients above 18 years of age who were readmitted following an initial admission (n=62 584 297) between April 2006 and February 2016. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: We examined emergency admissions that occurred within 30 days of discharge from hospital ('emergency readmissions') as a measure of healthcare quality...
March 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Sharon E Culliton, Dianne M Bryant, Steven J MacDonald, Kathryn M Hibbert, Bert M Chesworth
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a new Knee Society Knee Scoring System (KSS) was developed and validated to address the needs for a scoring system that better encompasses the expectations, satisfaction, and physical involvement of a younger, more active population of patients undergoing TKA. Revalidating this tool in a separate population by individuals other than the developers of the scoring system seems important, because such replication would tend to confirm the generalizability of this tool...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Jennifer L Cerully, Joie D Acosta, Jennifer Sloan
Introduction: Many service members experiencing symptoms of mental health conditions do not receive mental health care for these symptoms. The stigma associated with having a mental health condition or seeking treatment is often cited as a specific barrier to mental health care. However, study results bearing on the question of whether and how stigma may reduce treatment-seeking have been inconsistent. Methods: We searched 10 databases for sources published between 2004 and 2014 that prospectively linked stigma to treatment-related outcomes (such as treatment seeking, retention, and reports of symptoms) using longitudinal data and predictive models...
March 8, 2018: Military Medicine
Sarah K Ruiz, Susan J Harris, Pedro Martinez, Philip M Gold, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan
BACKGROUND: The quality of our early attachment relationships with primary caregivers is carried forward to new developmental domains, including interpersonal contexts in adulthood. One of the factors that can disrupt early attachment is maternal depression, which may be associated with less responsive care and may impede the development of a secure attachment. Moreover, this disruption in secure attachment may act as a mechanism by which offspring of depressed mothers are more likely to experience their own psychopathology...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Amália Machado Bielemann, Raissa Micaella Marcello-Machado, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury, Fernanda Faot
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and characterize the role of biomarkers in peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) at each stage of healing during osseointegration. DESIGN: This systematic review was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines using several databases: MedLine (PubMed), Embase, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane Library. Medical subject headings and their indexers were used with no other limitations until December 2017. The dataset was extended with relevant papers from the reference lists of selected papers and from the gray literature...
February 22, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Oliver T Mytton, Christopher Jackson, Arno Steinacher, Anna Goodman, Claudia Langenberg, Simon Griffin, Nick Wareham, James Woodcock
BACKGROUND: The National Health Service (NHS) Health Check programme was introduced in 2009 in England to systematically assess all adults in midlife for cardiovascular disease risk factors. However, its current benefit and impact on health inequalities are unknown. It is also unclear whether feasible changes in how it is delivered could result in increased benefits. It is one of the first such programmes in the world. We sought to estimate the health benefits and effect on inequalities of the current NHS Health Check programme and the impact of making feasible changes to its implementation...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
Hagop M Kantarjian, Yun Su, Elias J Jabbour, Helen Bhattacharyya, Eric Yan, Joseph C Cappelleri, David I Marks
BACKGROUND: Inotuzumab ozogamicin (InO), an anti-CD22 antibody-calicheamicin conjugate, demonstrated superior clinical activity versus standard-of-care (SOC) chemotherapies for relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in the phase 3 randomized controlled INO-VATE trial. The authors assessed patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from that study. METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive either InO (1.8 mg/m2 per cycle for ≤6 cycles) or SOC (fludarabine/cytarabine [ara-C]/granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, or ara-C plus mitoxantrone, or high-dose ara-C for ≤4 cycles) and completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire and the EuroQoL 5 Dimensions Questionnaires at baseline, on day 1 of each cycle, and at the end of treatment...
March 6, 2018: Cancer
Ryne Estabrook, David Cella, Fengmin Zhao, Judith Manola, Robert S DiPaola, Lynne I Wagner, Naomi B Haas
PURPOSE: While quality of life measures may be used to assess meaningful change and group differences, their scaling and validation often rely on a single occasion of measurement. Using the 13-item FACIT-Fatigue questionnaire at three timepoints, this study tests whether individual items change together in ways consistent with a general fatigue factor. METHODS: The measurement model of derivatives (MMOD) is a novel method for measurement evaluation that directly assesses whether a given factor structure accurately describes how individual test items change over time...
March 5, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Arsia Taghva, Mostafa Allami, Kamyab Alizadeh, Anahita Zandi, Elahe Faraji, Zohreh Ganjparvar
BACKGROUND: Veterans with purely physical disorders, such as ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders, are often neglected in psychological assessments because mental health evaluations are usually focused on those with a psychological disturbance or with a high percentage of injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological condition of veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between 2014 and 2016 on veterans with war-related ankle-foot injuries living in two provinces of Iran...
September 26, 2017: Military Medical Research
Fabio Efficace, Fausto Castagnetti, Bruno Martino, Massimo Breccia, Mariella D'Adda, Emanuele Angelucci, Fabio Stagno, Francesco Cottone, Alessandra Malato, Elena Trabacchi, Silvana Franca Capalbo, Marco Gobbi, Giuseppe Visani, Marzia Salvucci, Isabella Capodanno, Patrizia Tosi, Mario Tiribelli, Anna Rita Scortechini, Luciano Levato, Elena Maino, Gianni Binotto, Gabriele Gugliotta, Marco Vignetti, Michele Baccarani, Gianantonio Rosti
BACKGROUND: Although a wealth of efficacy and safety data is available for many tyrosine kinase inhibitors used in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), there is a dearth of information on their impact on patients' health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The primary objective of this study was to evaluate HRQOL and fatigue outcomes in patients with CML receiving first-line therapy with nilotinib. METHODS: This was a multicenter, prospective study enrolling 130 patients with chronic-phase CML...
March 2, 2018: Cancer
Terry L Jernigan, Sandra A Brown
The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study is a longitudinal, observational study of over 10,000 youth recruited at 21 sites throughout the United States. Comprehensive biennial assessments and more limited interim assessments measure health, mental health, neurocognition, family, cultural and environmental variables, substance use, genetic and other biomarkers, and structural and functional brain development. Within this Special Issue, readers will find much information about the rationale and objectives of the study, the broad ranging assessment protocols and new as well as traditional methodologies applied at baseline, the recruitment and retention strategies, and the anticipated final composition of the cohort...
February 15, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Ann Bonner, Shirley Chambers, Helen Healy, Wendy Hoy, Geoff Mitchell, Adrian Kark, Sharad Ratanjee, Patsy Yates
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition of the clinical need for timely and coordinated supportive and palliative care for those with terminal organ failure. OBJECTIVE: To describe symptoms, quality of life and supportive care needs in the anticipated 12-month period prior to death in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 4 or 5. METHOD: An observational, prospective, longitudinal design was used to follow 19 patients. The measures used were the Chronic Kidney Disease-Symptom Burden Index (CKD-SBI), the Australian Karnofsky Performance Scale (AKPS), the Functional Assessment of Chronic illness Therapy Palliative-14 (FACIT PAL-14), the Assessment of Quality of Life 6 Dimensions (AQoL-6D) and the Sheffield Profile for Assessment and Referral for Care (SPARC)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
Christopher P Childers, Melinda Maggard-Gibbons
Importance: Increasing value requires improving quality or decreasing costs. In surgery, estimates for the cost of 1 minute of operating room (OR) time vary widely. No benchmark exists for the cost of OR time, nor has there been a comprehensive assessment of what contributes to OR cost. Objectives: To calculate the cost of 1 minute of OR time, assess cost by setting and facility characteristics, and ascertain the proportion of costs that are direct and indirect...
February 28, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"