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longitudinal and data and quality and assessment

Laura Nieto-Riveiro, Betania Groba, M Carmen Miranda, Patricia Concheiro, Alejandro Pazos, Thais Pousada, Javier Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The progressive aging of the population is a socio-demographic phenomenon experienced by most countries in the world in recent decades, especially in Japan and in many European Union countries. During this process, so-called "geriatric syndromes" frequently occur. The focus of this study is the quality of life of the elderly in relation to these 3 factors: risk of falls, urinary incontinence, and insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose is to determine the impact of a multifactorial intervention program implemented with institutionalized elderly people...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fatima Saleh, Leila Itani, Simona Calugi, Riccardo Dalle Grave, Marwan El Ghoch
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an increasing global health problem, but its treatment is not yet optimal, especially in the long term. For this reason, preclinical studies have been conducted relating to a new therapeutic strategy for obesity based on adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs). The aim of our systematic review is to summarize these findings deriving from the animal model in order to establish whether there is sufficient evidence to justify going forward to clinical studies...
May 15, 2018: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Jui-Kun Chiang, Chun-Shuo Hsu, Chih-Wen Lin, Yee-Hsin Kao
OBJECTIVE: To date, few studies have examined end-of-life (EOL) care and healthcare costs for patients with ovarian cancer. We evaluated the effects of hospice care on the quality of EOL care and healthcare costs for patients with ovarian cancer in the final month of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based study and analyzed data from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, which contains claims information for medical records of patients, healthcare costs, and insurance system exit dates: our proxy for death between 1997 and 2011...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Pablo Pinillos Marambaia, Manuela Garcia Lima, Hélder Macario, Amaury de Machado Gomes, Leonado Marques Gomes, Melina Pinillos Marambaia, Otávio Marambaia Dos Santos
INTRODUCTION: Quality-of-life questionnaires have been used to support decision-making in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis in the past decade. The choice of treatment in practice, however, also considers the patient's decision. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term quality of life of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who decided to avoid surgery. METHODS: This is a prospective longitudinal study with a group of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, with and without indication for surgery, with application of the questionnaire SNOT-22 in two periods: between 2011 and 2012 and between June and August 2016, via email...
April 22, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mona Salehi Ravesh, Carsten Rickers, Finn Jonathan Bannert, David Hautemann, Abdullah Al Bulushi, Dominik Daniel Gabbert, Philip Wegner, Eva Kis, Jan Hinnerk Hansen, Michaeal Jerosch-Herold, H-H Kramer, Jana Logoteta
In hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), long-term outcome is closely related to right ventricular function. Echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are routinely used for functional assessment. MRI 2D-tissue feature tracking (2D-FT) allows quantification of myocardial deformation but has not yet been applied to HLHS patients. We sought to investigate the feasibility of this technique and to compare the results to 2D-speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE). In routine MRI 2D anatomical four chamber view, cine images were recorded in 55 HLHS patients (median age 4...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Kang-Hua Chen, Yu-Ting Chen, Shu-Ling Yeh, Li-Chueh Weng, Feng-Chun Tsai
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) provides emergency pulmonary and cardiac assistance for patients in respiratory or cardiac failure. Most studies evaluate the success of ECLS based on patients' survival rate. However, the trajectory of health status and quality of life (QOL) should also be important considerations. The study's aim was to explore changes in health status and QOL in adult patients weaned from ECLS who survived to hospital discharge over a one-year period. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted from April 2012 to September 2014...
2018: PloS One
Maria M Steenkamp, Nida H Corry, Meng Qian, Meng Li, Hope Seib McMaster, John A Fairbank, Valerie A Stander, Laura Hollahan, Charles R Marmar
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of US service members are married, equating to 1.1 million military spouses, yet the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among military spouses remains understudied. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of eight mental health conditions in spouses of service members with 2-5 years of service. METHOD: We employed baseline data from the Millennium Cohort Family Study, a 21-year longitudinal survey following 9,872 military-affiliated married couples representing all US service branches and active duty, Reserve, and National Guard components...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Thomas Meyer, Alexandra Bosbach, Mira L Chavanon, Lina Hassoun, Frank Edelmann, Rolf Wachter
OBJECTIVE: While diagnosed arterial hypertension and antihypertensive medication usually have an adverse impact on quality of life, recent studies suggest that actual blood pressure may be positively related to better well-being. However, data in older patients with cardiovascular risk factors are lacking, for whom such an association may be of particular relevance. METHODS: In 1,300 study participants with cardiovascular risk factors aged 50-85 years (51.5% men, mean age 65...
April 27, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Anthony Martyr, Sharon M Nelis, Catherine Quinn, Yu-Tzu Wu, Ruth A Lamont, Catherine Henderson, Rachel Clarke, John V Hindle, Jeanette M Thom, Ian Rees Jones, Robin G Morris, Jennifer M Rusted, Christina R Victor, Linda Clare
Current policy emphasises the importance of 'living well' with dementia, but there has been no comprehensive synthesis of the factors related to quality of life (QoL), subjective well-being or life satisfaction in people with dementia. We examined the available evidence in a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched electronic databases until 7 January 2016 for observational studies investigating factors associated with QoL, well-being and life satisfaction in people with dementia. Articles had to provide quantitative data and include ⩾75% people with dementia of any type or severity...
May 8, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Ursula Hahn, Frank Krummenauer, Klaus Ludwig
PURPOSE: Quantifying the subjective impairment due to floaters based on an indication-specific questionnaire and setting its change between prior to and 3/12 months after elective vitrectomy in relation to surgical risks. METHODS: Single-arm longitudinal observational multicenter study. Sixty-four floater patients underwent 23G pars plana vitrectomy; simultaneous phacoemulsification was excluded. An overall self-rated impairment index (SRI) and sub-indices SRI were calculated on the basis of a modified Visual Quality of Life questionnaire (VQoL), which addresses general vision, glare, near-sight problems and mobility of floaters...
April 30, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Jeremia P O Held, Bart Klaassen, Albert Eenhoorn, Bert-Jan F van Beijnum, Jaap H Buurke, Peter H Veltink, Andreas R Luft
Background: Upper-limb impairments in stroke patients are usually measured in clinical setting using standard clinical assessment. In addition, kinematic analysis using opto-electronic systems has been used in the laboratory setting to map arm recovery. Such kinematic measurements cannot capture the actual function of the upper extremity in daily life. The aim of this study is to longitudinally explore the complementarity of post-stroke upper-limb recovery measured by standard clinical assessments and daily-life recorded kinematics...
2018: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Yuying Chen, Hui-Yi Lin, Tung-Sung Tseng, Huacong Wen, Michael J DeVivo
Background: Among people with spinal cord injury (SCI), minorities experience a disproportionately higher burden of diseases. Knowledge of data quality by race/ethnicity will help better design racial health disparity research and understand potential errors/biases. Objective: To investigate racial/ethnic differences in response completeness in a longitudinal SCI database. Methods: This study included 7,507 participants (5,483 non-Hispanic whites, 1,414 non-Hispanic blacks, and 610 Hispanics) enrolled in the National SCI Database who returned for follow-up between 2001 and 2006 and were aged ≥18 years at follow-up...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
Cecile Sunahara, P Zelkowitz, Niall Bolger, Gentiana Sadikaj, Simcha Samuel, Ian Gold, Barbara Hayton, Nancy Feeley, C Sue Carter, Jennifer A Bartz
It is well-known that the neuropeptide oxytocin plays a critical role regulating the formation of adult-adult pairbonds in non-human animals, and recent work suggests oxytocin may similarly play an important role in romantic bonding in humans. Specifically, endogenous oxytocin is predictive of a host of relationship-enhancing behaviors, relationship quality, and even relationship survival amongst newly dating couples. This work suggests that oxytocin can buffer romantic relationships, possibly during especially difficult transition periods...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Stephen F Smagula, Robert T Krafty, Julian F Thayer, Daniel J Buysse, Martica H Hall
Rest-activity rhythm (RAR) disturbances are associated with mood disorders. But there remains a need to identify the particular RAR profiles associated with psychiatric symptom dimensions. Establishing such profiles would support the development of tools that track the 24-h sleep-wake phenotypes signaling clinical heterogeneity. We used data-driven clustering to identify RAR profiles in 145 adults aged 36-82 years (mean = 60, standard deviation = 9). Then we evaluated psychiatric symptom dimensions (including positive and negative affect, depressive, manic-hypomanic, panic-agoraphobic, and substance use symptoms) associated with these empirically-derived RAR profiles...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Jing Liao, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Shaun Scholes, Yuantao Hao, Yu-Ming Chen
Current mortality prediction indexes are mainly based on functional morbidity and comorbidity, with limited information for risk prevention. This study aimed to develop and validate a modifiable lifestyle-based mortality predication index for older adults. Data from 51,688 participants (56% women) aged ≥50 years in 2002 Health and Retirement Study, 2002 English Longitudinal Study of Ageing and 2004 Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe were used to estimate coefficients of the index with cohort-stratified Cox regression...
April 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yosra Mouelhi, Elisabeth Jouve, Marine Alessandrini, Nathalie Pedinielli, Valérie Moal, Aurélie Meurette, Elisabeth Cassuto, Georges Mourad, Antoine Durrbach, Bertrand Dussol, Stéphanie Gentile
BACKGROUND: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) assessment after kidney transplantation has become an important tool in evaluating outcomes. This study aims to identify the associated factors with HRQoL among a representative sample size of Kidney Transplant Recipients (KTR) at the time of their inclusion in the study. METHODS: Data of this cross-sectional design is retrieved from a longitudinal study conducted in five French kidney transplant centers in 2011, and included KTR aged 18 years with a functioning graft for at least 1 year...
April 27, 2018: BMC Nephrology
Andrea L Kjos, Ginelle A Bryant
BACKGROUND: Systems approaches in healthcare address complexities of care related to medication safety. Adverse drug events can be prevented by communication between providers. Thus, methods that depict the structures and processes of communications are foundational for prevention efforts. Social network analysis is a methodology applied in healthcare settings to describe and quantify communication patterns. Knowledge of the structures and processes surrounding medication management communications will be useful to explain and intervene on related quality or safety outcomes...
April 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Y Irina Li, Lisa R Starr, Laura Wray-Lake
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are commonly comorbid with each other, with anxiety often temporally preceding the development of depression. Although increasingly research has begun to investigate the role of sleep problems in depression, no study has examined insomnia as a mediator in the longitudinal relationship between anxiety and subsequent depression. METHODS: The current study utilizes data from Waves I, II, and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative prospective study conducted over a 14-year period (n = 20,745, 50...
April 26, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Valentina A Andreeva, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Pilar Galan, Gilles Feron, Serge Hercberg, Martine Hennequin, Claire Sulmont-Rossé
We aimed to assess the association between oral health, in terms of its impact on quality of life, and diet quality expressed as adherence to dietary guidelines. We analyzed cross-sectional data from the French NutriNet-Santé general population-based e-cohort (N = 18,263 adults; mean age = 56.5 ± 13.8 years). The main independent variable, oral health-related quality of life, was assessed in 2016 with the GOHAI instrument (maximum score = 60). The main dependent variable, diet’s nutritional quality, was assessed with the mPNNS-GS score (maximum score = 13...
April 24, 2018: Nutrients
Allan Abbott, Karin Schröder, Paul Enthoven, Per Nilsen, Birgitta Öberg
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem commonly requiring healthcare. In Sweden, there is a call from healthcare practitioners (HCPs) for the development, implementation and evaluation of a best practice primary healthcare model for LBP. AIMS: (1) To improve and understand the mechanisms underlying changes in HCP confidence, attitudes and beliefs for providing best practice coherent primary healthcare for patients with LBP; (2) to improve and understand the mechanisms underlying illness beliefs, self-care enablement, pain, disability and quality of life in patients with LBP; and (3) to evaluate a multifaceted and sustained implementation strategy and the cost-effectiveness of the BetterBack☺ model of care (MOC) for LBP from the perspective of the Swedish primary healthcare context...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
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