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longitudinal study data quality control

Svetlana Tikhonova, Linda Booij, Violet D'Souza, Karla T B Crosara, Walter L Siqueira, Elham Emami
BACKGROUND: This scoping review addressed the question 'what do we know about stress-related changes in saliva and dental caries in general population?' METHODS: The review was conducted using electronic searches via Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and WoS. All published human studies with both observational and experimental designs were included. Two reviewers independently reviewed eligible articles and extracted the data. The studies' quality was assessed using the Effective Public Health Practice Project Quality Assessment Tool...
March 13, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Sharon E Culliton, Dianne M Bryant, Steven J MacDonald, Kathryn M Hibbert, Bert M Chesworth
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a new Knee Society Knee Scoring System (KSS) was developed and validated to address the needs for a scoring system that better encompasses the expectations, satisfaction, and physical involvement of a younger, more active population of patients undergoing TKA. Revalidating this tool in a separate population by individuals other than the developers of the scoring system seems important, because such replication would tend to confirm the generalizability of this tool...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Michael A Wewege, Rachel E Ward
OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively compare bone mineral density (BMD) outcomes between pre-professional female adolescent ballet dancers and control populations. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Six electronic databases and relevant journals were systematically searched up to August 2017. Included articles examined BMD in adolescent females undergoing pre-professional ballet training and healthy age-matched controls with an available English full text...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Jeanette R Little, Holly H Pavliscsak, Mabel R Cooper, Lois A Goldstein, Stephanie J Fonda
Introduction: Research has shown that mobile phones can help with management of numerous health problems. As an adjunct to care management provided to injured service members rehabilitating in their communities, particularly those with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), post-traumatic stress (PTS), and/or behavioral health problems, the Army developed a mobile phone application called "mCare." This study examined whether service members who received mCare had higher well-being, were more satisfied with their care, and viewed mCare as a valuable part of their care management as compared with their counterparts who received standard care management alone, and whether those with mTBI, PTS, and/or behavioral health problems benefited differently from mCare...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Petra Rattay, Elena von der Lippe, Elvira Mauz, Felicitas Richter, Heike Hölling, Cornelia Lange, Thomas Lampert
OBJECTIVE: This study's aim was to investigate the association between family structure and different health-related outcomes in adolescence (self-rated health, emotional and behavioural problems, health-related quality of life, regular smoking, and heavy episodic drinking). Furthermore, we analysed the extent to which socio-economic status, family cohesion and the pre-transition health status explain family structure-related health disparities. METHODS: We used longitudinal data from the first two waves of the German KiGGS cohort study carried out by the Robert Koch Institute (baseline: 2003-2006, follow-up: 2009-2012)...
2018: PloS One
Hagop M Kantarjian, Yun Su, Elias J Jabbour, Helen Bhattacharyya, Eric Yan, Joseph C Cappelleri, David I Marks
BACKGROUND: Inotuzumab ozogamicin (InO), an anti-CD22 antibody-calicheamicin conjugate, demonstrated superior clinical activity versus standard-of-care (SOC) chemotherapies for relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in the phase 3 randomized controlled INO-VATE trial. The authors assessed patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from that study. METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive either InO (1.8 mg/m2 per cycle for ≤6 cycles) or SOC (fludarabine/cytarabine [ara-C]/granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, or ara-C plus mitoxantrone, or high-dose ara-C for ≤4 cycles) and completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire and the EuroQoL 5 Dimensions Questionnaires at baseline, on day 1 of each cycle, and at the end of treatment...
March 6, 2018: Cancer
Clara J Bohm, Leroy J Storsley, Brett M Hiebert, Serena Nelko, Navdeep Tangri, Lawrence J Cheskin, Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Claudio Rigatto
Background: Individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have low levels of physical activity and physical function. Although guidelines endorse exercise counseling for individuals with CKD, it is not yet part of routine care. Objective: We investigated the effect of attending a real-life exercise counseling clinic (ECC) on physical function in individuals with CKD. Design: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected observational data with quasi-experimental design...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Daniel Feingold, Jürgen Rehm, Hagai Factor, Avigayil Redler, Shaul Lev-Ran
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use has been reported to negatively affect the course and outcome of various psychiatric disorders, yet little is known on its effect on rates of remission from anxiety disorders and associated clinical and functional outcomes. METHODS: In this study, data were drawn from Waves 1 and 2 of the National Epidemiologic survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, focusing on individuals who qualified for a diagnosis of any anxiety disorder (social anxiety, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and specific phobias) at Wave 1 (N = 3,723)...
February 27, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
Brian McDonnell, Shannon Stilwell, Shelby Hart, Roger B Davis
Background: Standardized tests and outcome measures (STOM) have not been consistently implemented as part of most physical therapists' practice. Incidence of STOM use amongst physical therapists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center was similar to low levels cited nationally among acute care physical therapists. Targeted knowledge translation (KT) strategies have been suggested to promote the application of research evidence into clinical decision making. Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) effort was to implement a series of interventions aimed at increasing both use and interpretation of STOM by physical therapists practicing in acute care...
February 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
Hong Xiao, Xinyi Jiang, Cheng Chen, Alberto J Montero, Vakaramoko Diaby
BACKGROUND: Anti-estrogen (ER) endocrine therapy is an effective treatment strategy in reducing breast cancer mortality. This therapy has a better therapeutic index than chemotherapy but can still affect patients' quality of life (QOL) over time. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this systematic review were to (1) describe QOL instruments used in ER-positive (ER+) non-metastatic breast cancer trials and (2) document the longitudinal effects of adjuvant endocrine therapy on the QOL of post-menopausal women with ER+ non-metastatic breast cancer...
February 22, 2018: PharmacoEconomics Open
Lukas M Vos, Boudewijn Stegenga, A Dennis Stant, Elize H Quik, James Jr Huddleston Slater
AIMS: To determine the cost effectiveness and cost utility of arthrocentesis as an initial treatment for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthralgia compared to usual care. METHODS: A two-armed, parallel-design, randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted in the Netherlands from January 2009 to June 2012 that included patients with TMJ arthralgia. Patients were randomly allocated to arthrocentesis (n = 40) or usual care (n = 40) for initial treatment. Arthrocentesis consisted of rinsing the intra-articular space with isotonic saline, and usual care included a soft diet, physical therapy, and splint therapy...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Roger McIntosh, Michael Antoni, Julia Seay, Mary Ann Fletcher, Gail Ironson, Nancy Klimas, Mahendra Kumar, Neil Schneiderman
OBJECTIVE: The burden of sleep disturbance and depressive symptomology is high for persons living with HIV and particularly so for women. While cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) is shown to reduce symptoms of depression and 24-hr urinary free cortisol output (CORT) in HIV+ men, less is known about the effects of CBSM on mood and concomitant sleep disturbance in HIV+ women. The study aim is to model longitudinal change in sleep disturbance, depressive symptomology, and CORT for HIV+ women exposed to a 12-week CBSM intervention or control condition...
February 20, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Haroldo Junior Fiorini, Marcel Jun Tamaoki, Mário Lenza, Joao Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, Flávio Faloppa, Joao Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: Trigger finger is a common clinical disorder, characterised by pain and catching as the patient flexes and extends digits because of disproportion between the diameter of flexor tendons and the A1 pulley. The treatment approach may include non-surgical or surgical treatments. Currently there is no consensus about the best surgical treatment approach (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different methods of surgical treatment for trigger finger (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches) in adults at any stage of the disease...
February 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Manuela Galli, Caterina Vicidomini, Ana F Rozin Kleiner, Laura Vacca, Veronica Cimolin, Claudia Condoluci, Fabrizio Stocchi, Maria F DE Pandis
BACKGROUND: The shuffling steps pattern is a typical feature of gait in patients affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), which progressively reduces their quality of life, being related to the risk of falls in this population. Recently, Automated Mechanical Peripheral Stimulation (AMPS) was presented as an integrative rehabilitative treatment based on peripheral stimulation able to improve the gait spatiotemporal parameters in PD patients. AIM: To evaluate the effects of AMPS on shuffling steps pattern by analyzing the kinematic and spatio-temporal gait parameters...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Bart Boets, Lien Van Eylen, Kevin Sitek, Pieter Moors, Ilse Noens, Jean Steyaert, Stefan Sunaert, Johan Wagemans
Background: One of the most reported neural features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the alteration of multiple long-range white matter fiber tracts, as assessed by diffusion-weighted imaging and indexed by reduced fractional anisotropy (FA). Recent methodological advances, however, have shown that this same pattern of reduced FA may be an artifact resulting from excessive head motion and poorer data quality and that aberrant structural connectivity in children with ASD is confined to the right inferior longitudinal fasciculus (ILF)...
2018: Molecular Autism
Hui-Chun Hsu, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Ruey-Hsia Wang
BACKGROUND: Determining possible associated factors and the influencing pathways to hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) levels and quality of life (QoL) will facilitate the development of effective interventions to improve the physical and psychosocial health of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVES: To test a hypothesized model that addressed the pathways among personal characteristics, social support, diabetes distress, and self-care behaviors to HbA1C and QoL...
February 14, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Clare MacEwen, Peter Watkinson, Lionel Tarassenko, Christopher Pugh
Hemodialysis patients have multiple risk factors for small vessel cerebrovascular disease and cognitive dysfunction. Hemodialysis itself may cause clinically significant neurological injury through repetitive cerebral ischemia. However, supporting evidence to date consists of epidemiological associations, expert opinion, and small, single-centre studies of variable methodological quality. Isolating the impact of intra-dialytic hemodynamic instability from underlying renal and vascular disease on clinically relevant functional outcomes would require very large, controlled studies, given the heterogeneity and confounding comorbidities of the population, and the complex relationship between blood pressure and cerebral oxygen delivery...
February 11, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
Shervin S Churchill, Gail M Kieckhefer
Objectives Test the 12-month efficacy of an inclusive non-diagnosis-specific, parent education program with seven in-person sessions. Methods Parents of 110 children, 2-11 years old, with a variety of special health care conditions, were recruited to participate in a randomized clinical trial. At twelve months data from 104 parents were available for longitudinal analysis. Linear mixed models, with the interaction term of group by time, were used to assess the efficacy of the intervention over 12 months using data from 3 time points: baseline, 6 and 12 months...
February 10, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Tadese Ejigu Tafere, Mesganaw Fanthahun Afework, Alemayehu Worku Yalew
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, more than 62% of pregnant women attend antenatal care at least once, yet only about one in four women give birth at health facility. This gap has fueled the need to investigate on the quality of ANC services at public health facilities and its link with the use of institutional delivery. OBJECTIVE: To assess the linkage between ANC quality and the use of institutional delivery among pregnant women attending ANC at public health facilities of BDR City Administration...
2018: PloS One
Christoph Vogelbacher, Thomas W D Möbius, Jens Sommer, Verena Schuster, Udo Dannlowski, Tilo Kircher, Astrid Dempfle, Andreas Jansen, Miriam H A Bopp
Large, longitudinal, multi-center MR neuroimaging studies require comprehensive quality assurance (QA) protocols for assessing the general quality of the compiled data, indicating potential malfunctions in the scanning equipment, and evaluating inter-site differences that need to be accounted for in subsequent analyses. We describe the implementation of a QA protocol for functional magnet resonance imaging (fMRI) data based on the regular measurement of an MRI phantom and an extensive variety of currently published QA statistics...
January 31, 2018: NeuroImage
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