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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071894/noninvasive-monitoring-of-blood-glucose-with-raman-spectroscopy
#1
Rishikesh Pandey, Santosh Kumar Paidi, Tulio A Valdez, Chi Zhang, Nicolas Spegazzini, Ramachandra Rao Dasari, Ishan Barman
The successful development of a noninvasive blood glucose sensor that can operate reliably over sustained periods of time has been a much sought after but elusive goal in diabetes management. Since diabetes has no well-established cure, control of elevated glucose levels is critical for avoiding severe secondary health complications in multiple organs including the retina, kidney and vasculature. While fingerstick testing continues to be the mainstay of blood glucose detection, advances in electrochemical sensing-based minimally invasive approaches have opened the door for alternate methods that would considerably improve the quality of life for people with diabetes...
January 10, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068465/one-year-developmental-outcomes-for-infants-of-mothers-with-bipolar-disorder
#2
Aimee K Santucci, Lynn T Singer, Stephen R Wisniewski, James F Luther, Heather F Eng, Dorothy K Sit, Katherine L Wisner
OBJECTIVE: Few data about the development of infants born to women with bipolar disorder have been published. We hypothesized that infants of women with bipolar disorder (by DSM-IV criteria) treated with psychotropics (BD+) or untreated with psychotropics (BD-) would demonstrate poorer cognitive and behavioral development than infants of controls. On the basis of previous studies, we expected that psychotropic-exposed infants of women in the BD+ group would have poorer neuromotor performance during infancy...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006876/health-related-quality-of-life-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Arpita Parmar, Shannon Marie Vandriel, Vicky Lee Ng
With improved survival rates after pediatric liver transplantation (LT), attention is targeting improving the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as an outcome metric. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine HRQOL after pediatric LT, focusing on assessment tools, and factors associated with HRQOL.A literature search was conducted through PubMed, Web of Science, OVID, and Google Scholar for all studies matching the eligibility criteria between January 2004 and September 2016. Titles and abstracts were screened independently by two authors and consensus for included studies was achieved through discussion...
December 22, 2016: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002572/activation-in-bipolar-disorders-a-systematic-review
#4
Jan Scott, Greg Murray, Chantal Henry, Gunnar Morken, Elizabeth Scott, Jules Angst, Kathleen R Merikangas, Ian B Hickie
Importance: Increased activity and energy alongside mood change are identified in the DSM-5 as cardinal symptoms of mania and hypomania. A wide range of existing research suggests that this revision may be valid, but systematic integration of the evidence has not been reported. The term activation is understood as emerging from underlying physiological change and having objective (observable motor activity) and related subjective (energy) levels. Objectives: To systematically review studies of the clinical phenomenon of activation in bipolar disorder, to determine whether activation is statistically abnormal in bipolar disorder and demonstrably distinct from mood, and to identify any significant between- and within-individual differences in the dynamics of activation...
December 21, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940677/mother-and-father-adolescent-relationships-and-early-sexual-intercourse
#5
Raquel Nogueira Avelar E Silva, Daphne van de Bongardt, Petra van de Looij-Jansen, Anne Wijtzes, Hein Raat
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prospective associations between mother-adolescent and father-adolescent relationship quality and early sexual intercourse initiation (ie, ≤16 years) among a large sample of Dutch adolescents. METHODS: Two waves of data from the Rotterdam Youth Monitor, a longitudinal study in the Netherlands, were used. The analysis sample consisted of 2931 adolescents aged 12 to 16 years (Meanage@T1 = 12.5 years, SD = 0.61; Meanage@T2 = 14.3 years, SD = 0...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938727/-evaluation-of-the-population-based-integrated-health-care-system-gesundes-kinzigtal-ihgk-findings-on-health-care-quality-based-on-administrative-data
#6
Ingrid Schubert, Achim Siegel, Ingrid Köster, Peter Ihle
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The management company "Gesundes Kinzigtal GmbH" signed an agreement on integrated healthcare with the statutory health insurer AOK Baden-Württemberg, effective as of November 1, 2005. The aim of the evaluation was to check whether the extent of overuse and underuse of healthcare services in the area of intervention declined or increased compared with usual care. METHODS: Longitudinal study with non-randomised control group based on health insurers' claims data from the years 2004-2011...
November 2016: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924146/mindfulness-based-intervention-for-female-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#7
Nicholas Chadi, Audrey McMahon, Majorie Vadnais, Catherine Malboeuf-Hurtubise, Anissa Djemli, Patricia L Dobkin, Jacques Lacroix, Thuy Mai Luu, Nancy Haley
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of a randomized-controlled trial measuring the impact of an adapted mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) in female adolescents with chronic pain. METHODS: This was a single center, single-blind, prospective, experimental, longitudinal trial conducted in a pediatric tertiary care center. Participants had a history of chronic pain during at least three months. They were randomized into an intervention group or a wait-list control group...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919760/proton-therapy-present-and-future
#8
REVIEW
Radhe Mohan, David Grosshans
In principle, proton therapy offers a substantial clinical advantage over conventional photon therapy. This is because of the unique depth-dose characteristics of protons, which can be exploited to achieve significant reductions in normal tissue doses proximal and distal to the target volume. These may, in turn, allow escalation of tumor doses and greater sparing of normal tissues, thus potentially improving local control and survival while at the same time reducing toxicity and improving quality of life. Protons, accelerated to therapeutic energies ranging from 70 to 250MeV, typically with a cyclotron or a synchrotron, are transported to the treatment room where they enter the treatment head mounted on a rotating gantry...
December 3, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917962/human-and-animal-health-surveys-among-pastoralists
#9
E Schelling, H Greter, H Kessely, M F Abakar, B N Ngandolo, L Crump, B Bold, J Kasymbekov, Z Baljinnyam, G Fokou, J Zinsstag, B Bonfoh, J Hattendorf, M Béchir
Valid human and livestock health surveys, including longitudinal follow-up, are feasible among mobile pastoralists and provide fundamental information to agencies for interventions that are responsive to realities and effective in addressing the needs of pastoralists. However, pastoralists are often excluded from studies, surveillance systems and health programmes. The occurrence of preventable and treatable diseases such as perinatal tetanus, measles and tuberculosis are indicative of limited access to health providers and information...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913280/neuropsychological-functioning-and-chronic-methadone-use-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
A Baldacchino, M Armanyous, D J K Balfour, G Humphris, K Matthews
INTRODUCTION: There is a presumption that neurocognition is commonly impaired in chronic methadone exposed individuals (CM) when compared with healthy controls (HP). Additionally, it remains unclear if short term (<1year) abstinence (AP) is associated with an altered cognitive profile when compared with CM. METHOD: A random effect model approach was used on data assembled into the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis programme. Cohen's d effect sizes and a significance levels of p<0...
November 29, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908413/trace-element-and-cytokine-concentrations-in-patients-with-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva-fop-a-case-control-study
#11
Laura Hildebrand, Timo Gaber, Peter Kühnen, Rolf Morhart, Heinz Unterbörsch, Lutz Schomburg, Petra Seemann
Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) is a rare inherited disease characterized by progressive heterotopic ossification. Disease onset, severity and symptoms vary between FOP patients, as does the frequency and activity of so-called flare-ups, during which tendons, ligaments, muscle and soft tissue are replaced by bone. Traumata, infections or other stressors are known inducers of flare-ups, and the hormone Activin A may be involved in disease activity; however, reliable biomarkers for FOP activity are missing, and the basal trace element and inflammatory state of patients are unknown...
January 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899397/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-the-risk-of-stroke-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Ann D Morgan, Chetna Sharma, Kieran J Rothnie, Jennifer K Quint
INTRODUCTION: There is good evidence to suggest that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increases the risk of ischaemic heart disease, in particular myocardial infarction (MI). The relationship between stroke and COPD, however, is not as well established, and studies conducted to date have generated conflicting results. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: MEDLINE and Embase will be searched for relevant articles using a prespecified search strategy. We will target observational studies conducted in the general population that employ either a longitudinal cohort or case-control study design to estimate ORs, HRs or incident rate ratios for the association between COPD and a subsequent first stroke...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896237/negative-religious-coping-positive-religious-coping-and-quality-of-life-among-hemodialysis-patients
#13
Zahra Taheri-Kharameh, Hadi Zamanian, Ali Montazeri, Azadeh Asgarian, Roya Esbiri
BACKGROUND: Religious coping is known as a main resource influencing how individuals cope with the complications and stressors of chronic disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between religious coping and quality of life among hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Qom, Iran, from June 2012 to July 2013. Ninety-five end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis were selected via the convenience sampling method...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894298/effect-of-continuity-of-care-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adult-patients-with-hypertension-a-cohort-study-in-china
#14
Ting Ye, Xiaowei Sun, Wenxi Tang, Yudong Miao, Yan Zhang, Liang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Continuity of care is widely considered a principle of primary care that decreases healthcare utilization and mortality. However, the effect of continuity of care on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for adult patients with hypertension remains unclear. METHODS: To further evaluate the effect of continuity of care, we implemented a cohort study among hypertensive patients aged over 35 years (n = 1200) in six townships in Qianjiang District, Chongqing, China, between 2012 and 2014...
November 28, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893143/association-between-wic-enrollment-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-at-3-months-postpartum-among-low-income-mothers
#15
John Francescon, Zelalem T Haile, David Kling, Ilana Chertok
CONTEXT: Existing literature suggests participation in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in the prenatal and postnatal periods is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding among WIC-eligible mothers. However, minimal research has been published on the association between WIC enrollment and exclusive breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between WIC exposure and exclusive breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881893/what-predicts-adolescent-delinquent-behavior-in-hong-kong-a-longitudinal-study-of-personal-and-family-factors
#16
Daniel T L Shek, Li Lin
Using four waves of data from Secondary 1 to Secondary 4 (N = 3328 students at Wave 1), this study examined the development of delinquent behavior and its relationships with economic disadvantage, family non-intactness, family quality of life (i.e., family functioning) and personal well-being (i.e., positive youth development) among Hong Kong adolescents. Individual growth curve models revealed that delinquent behavior increased during this period, and adolescents living in non-intact families (vs. intact families) reported higher initial levels of delinquent behavior while those living in poor families (vs...
2016: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881145/evaluation-of-efficacy-and-efficiency-of-a-pragmatic-intervention-by-a-social-worker-to-support-informal-caregivers-of-elderly-patients-the-ice-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Astrid Pozet, Catherine Lejeune, Magalie Bonnet, Sandrine Dabakuyo, Michèle Dion, Philippe Fagnoni, Maryse Gaimard, Geneviève Imbert, Virginie Nerich, Audrey Foubert, Morgane Chotard, Marie Bonin, Amélie Anota, Franck Bonnetain
BACKGROUND: Medical progress and the lifestyle modification have prolonged life expectancy, despite the development of chronic diseases. Support and care for older subjects are often provided by a network of informal caregivers composed of family, friends and neighbors, who are essential in helping older persons to continue living at home. It has been shown that the extent and diversity of informal tasks may jeopardize the physical, mental and social wellbeing of caregivers. METHODS/DESIGN: The aim of the Informal Carers of Elderly cohort is to define, through a longitudinal study, profiles of caregivers of older patients with a diagnosis of one of the following diseases: cancer (breast, prostate, colorectal), neurodegenerative diseases (Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and similar diseases), neurovascular diseases (stroke), sensory diseases (age-related macular degeneration (AMD)) and heart disease (heart failure)...
November 3, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868215/the-contribution-of-clinical-and-psychosocial-factors-to-fatigue-in-182-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
M Artom, W Czuber-Dochan, J Sturt, T Murrells, C Norton
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a frequently reported and predominant symptom experienced by patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and its impact has been associated with poorer quality of life (QoL). The complex interplay between disease-related variables and potentially modifiable psychosocial factors in IBD-fatigue has yet to be unravelled. AIM: To evaluate the contribution of clinical, sociodemographic and psychosocial factors to the severity and impact of IBD-fatigue and QoL...
February 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866090/relationship-between-anxiety-disorders-and-domains-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-nigerians-with-breast-cancer
#19
Olamijulo Adedeji Fatiregun, Andrew Toyin Olagunju, Adebayo Rasheed Erinfolami, Olubunmi Ayodele Arogunmati, Omolara Amina Fatiregun, Joseph Dada Adeyemi
PURPOSE: Health Related Quality of life (HRQoL) is increasingly recognised as an important indicator of outcome and well-being in oncology care. We set out in this study to evaluate whether significant association exists between anxiety disorders (ADs) and HRQoL in breast cancer, such that any intervention addressing ADs would potentially improve HRQoL. METHODS: A cross sectional evaluation of 200 attendees of an oncology clinic was done using designed questionnaire to gather socio-demographic and clinical data...
February 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862826/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-adults-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-meta-analysis-of-physical-and-psychological-health-outcomes
#20
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Rogers, Madeleine Ferrari, Kylie Mosely, Cathryne P Lang, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in adults who are overweight or obese. METHODS: We searched 14 electronic databases for randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that met eligibility criteria. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used to compute the effect size estimate Hedge's g. RESULTS: Fifteen studies measuring post-treatment outcomes of mindfulness-based interventions in 560 individuals were identified...
January 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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