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longitudinal study data quality control

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330238/changing-patterns-of-mental-health-care-use-the-role-of-integrated-mental-health-services-in-veteran-affairs-primary-care
#1
Lucinda B Leung, Jean Yoon, Lisa V Rubenstein, Edward P Post, Maureen E Metzger, Kenneth B Wells, Catherine A Sugar, José J Escarce
OBJECTIVE: Aiming to foster timely, high-quality mental health care for Veterans, VA's Primary Care-Mental Health Integration (PC-MHI) embeds mental health specialists in primary care and promotes care management for depression. PC-MHI and patient-centered medical home providers work together to provide the bulk of mental health care for primary care patients with low-to-moderate-complexity mental health conditions. This study examines whether increasing primary care clinic engagement in PC-MHI services is associated with changes in patient health care utilization and costs...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324740/dietary-intake-and-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#2
Mark Y Z Wong, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Preeti Gupta, Ling-Jun Li, Rob M van Dam, Mary F Chong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
INTRODUCTION: The evidence linking dietary intake with diabetic retinopathy (DR) is growing but unclear. We conducted a systematic review of the association between dietary intake and DR. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Central register of controlled trials, for publications between January 1967 and January 2017 using standardized criteria for diet and DR. Interventional and observational studies investigating micro- and macro-nutrient intakes; food and beverage consumptions; and dietary patterns were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319548/routine-assessment-of-patient-index-data-3-score-and-psoriasis-quality-of-life-assess-complementary-yet-different-aspects-of-patient-reported-outcomes-in-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#3
Kiana Maryam Vakil-Gilani, Alexis Dinno, Neha Rich-Garg, Atul Deodhar
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis Quality of Life (PQoL-12) is a validated composite tool assessing patients' quality of life (QoL) with psoriasis (PsO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID3), measuring physical function, pain, and patient global assessment, is used for rheumatoid arthritis. Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 has not been used to assess PsO/PsA patients' QoL. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between PQoL-12 and RAPID3 in PsO and PsA patients in a cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315327/ambivalence-in-pregnancy-intentions-the-effect-of-quality-of-care-and-context-among-a-cohort-of-women-attending-family-planning-clinics-in-kenya
#4
Eliud Wekesa, Ian Askew, Timothy Abuya
CONTEXT: Ambivalence in pregnancy intentions is well-documented in sub-Saharan African (SSA) settings and has been associated with inconsistent use of contraception, thereby exposing women using contraception to the possibility of unintended pregnancies. A better understanding of the potential role for client counseling interventions in enabling women to achieve their pregnancy intentions is essential for aiding program efforts to reduce unintended pregnancies. OBJECTIVE: To measure ambivalence in pregnancy intentions longitudinally and determine its association with the quality of care received, controlling for demographic, socio-economic and contextual factors among a cohort of family planning (FP) clients in Kenya...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310532/a-systematic-review-of-technology-assisted-interventions-for-co-morbid-depression-and-substance-use
#5
Nicola A Holmes, Joseph Em van Agteren, Diana S Dorstyn
Introduction Mental health interventions disseminated via, or accessed using, digital technologies are an innovative new treatment modality for managing co-morbid depression and substance use disorder. The present systematic review assessed the current state of this literature. Methods A search of the Cochrane Library, Embase, Pubmed, PsychINFO and Scopus databases identified six eligible studies ( Nparticipants = 862), utilising quasi-experimental or randomised controlled designs. Reporting quality was evaluated and Hedge's g effect sizes (with 95% confidence intervals and p-values) were calculated to determine treatment effectiveness...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297009/use-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-cancer-and-preexisting-autoimmune-disease-a-systematic-review
#6
Noha Abdel-Wahab, Mohsin Shah, Maria A Lopez-Olivo, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
Background: Cancer immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) is associated with frequent immune-related adverse events (irAEs) and is often not recommended for patients with concomitant autoimmune disease. Purpose: To summarize the evidence on adverse events associated with CPIs in patients with cancer and preexisting autoimmune disease. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, PubMed ePubs, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through September 2017 with no language restrictions...
January 2, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290135/preoperative-depression-lumbar-fusion-and-opioid-use-an-assessment-of-postoperative-prescription-quality-and-economic-outcomes
#7
Chloe O'Connell, Tej Deepak Azad, Vaishali Mittal, Daniel Vail, Eli Johnson, Atman Desai, Eric Sun, John K Ratliff, Anand Veeravagu
OBJECTIVE Preoperative depression has been linked to a variety of adverse outcomes following lumbar fusion, including increased pain, disability, and 30-day readmission rates. The goal of the present study was to determine whether preoperative depression is associated with increased narcotic use following lumbar fusion. Moreover, the authors examined the association between preoperative depression and a variety of secondary quality indicator and economic outcomes, including complications, 30-day readmissions, revision surgeries, likelihood of discharge home, and 1- and 2-year costs...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290130/women-fare-best-following-surgery-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-comparison-of-the-most-and-least-satisfied-patients-utilizing-data-from-the-quality-outcomes-database
#8
Andrew K Chan, Erica F Bisson, Mohamad Bydon, Steven D Glassman, Kevin T Foley, Eric A Potts, Christopher I Shaffrey, Mark E Shaffrey, Domagoj Coric, John J Knightly, Paul Park, Kai-Ming Fu, Jonathan R Slotkin, Anthony L Asher, Michael S Virk, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Silky Chotai, Anthony M DiGiorgio, Alvin Y Chan, Regis W Haid, Praveen V Mummaneni
OBJECTIVE The American Association of Neurological Surgeons launched the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD), a prospective longitudinal registry that includes demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome (PRO) data, to measure the safety and quality of neurosurgical procedures, including spinal surgery. Differing results from recent randomized controlled trials have established a need to clarify the groups that would most benefit from surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. In the present study, the authors compared patients who were the most and the least satisfied following surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261341/benefit-requirements-for-substance-use-disorder-treatment-in-state-health-insurance-exchanges
#9
Bikki Tran Smith, Kathleen Seaton, Christina Andrews, Colleen M Grogan, Amanda Abraham, Harold Pollack, Peter Friedmann, Keith Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Established in 2014, state health insurance exchanges have greatly expanded substance use disorder (SUD) treatment coverage in the United States as qualified health plans (QHPs) within the exchanges are required to conform to parity provisions laid out by the Affordable Care Act and the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA). Coverage improvements, however, have not been even as states have wide discretion over how they meet these regulations. OBJECTIVE: How states regulate SUD treatment benefits offered by QHPs has implications for the accessibility and quality of care...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259056/socioeconomic-differences-in-self-medication-among-middle-aged-and-older-people-data-from-the-china-health-and-retirement-longitudinal-study
#10
Jie Chang, Qing Wang, Yu Fang
OBJECTIVES: Self-medication with over-the-counter medicines (OTCs) and prescription-only medicines (POMs) are both pervasive in China, although the latter is an inappropriate practice. We examined the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and self-medication with OTCs versus POMs. METHODS: Multivariate logistic regressions based on the Andersen framework were estimated using a subsample of respondents aged 45 years and over from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study collected between 2011 and 2013 (n=23 699)...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237013/outcome-quality-and-long-term-%C3%A2-15-years-stability-after-class-ii-2-herbst-multibracket-appliance-treatment-in-comparison-to-untreated-class-i-controls
#11
Niko C Bock, Mitra Saffar, Helge Hudel, Marjut Evälahti, Kaisa Heikinheimo, David P Rice, Sabine Ruf
Aim: To investigate the outcome quality and the long-term (≥15 years) post-treatment (Tx) changes after Class II:2 Herbst-multibracket appliance (MBA) Tx. Subjects and Methods: In this longitudinal observational study, a recall of Class II:2 patients who had been treated by a Herbst-MBA during adolescence was conducted. Study models from before and after active Tx, after retention and after recall were assessed using standard occlusal variables and the peer assessment rating index (PAR)...
December 9, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233648/left-atrial-dysfunction-in-light-chain-cardiac-amyloidosis-and-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-comparative-three-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiographic-analysis-from-the-magyar-path-study
#12
Dóra Földeák, Árpád Kormányos, Péter Domsik, Anita Kalapos, Györgyike Á Piros, Nóra Ambrus, Zénó Ajtay, Róbert Sepp, Zita Borbényi, Tamás Forster, Attila Nemes
INTRODUCTION: While cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a rare systemic disease characterized by extracellular deposition of protein-derived fibrils, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is histopathologically characterized by myocyte hypertrophy and disarray, interstitial fibrosis, and small intramural coronary arteriole dysplasia. The aim of the present study was to compare left atrial (LA) volumetric and functional characteristics between light-chain (AL) CA and HCM by three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE)...
December 9, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232265/the-value-of-preoperative-exercise-and-education-for-patients-undergoing-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Rebecca Moyer, Kathy Ikert, Kristin Long, Jacquelyn Marsh
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence regarding the value of preoperative education and/or exercise (prehabilitation) for patients undergoing total joint replacement is conflicting. The purpose of this study was to conduct an updated, comprehensive systematic review with meta-analyses to determine the longitudinal effects and efficacy of prehabilitation on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We searched 11 electronic databases (MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL, Embase, Scopus, ProQuest, PEDro, SportDiscus, PsycINFO, and Cochrane) from their inception to May 2016 for randomized controlled trials that compared changes in pain, function, strength, anxiety, and hospital length of stay following THA or TKA...
December 12, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219092/systematic-review-of-the-relationships-between-sedentary-behaviour-and-health-indicators-in-the-early-years-0-4%C3%A2-years
#14
Veronica J Poitras, Casey E Gray, Xanne Janssen, Salome Aubert, Valerie Carson, Guy Faulkner, Gary S Goldfield, John J Reilly, Margaret Sampson, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relationships between sedentary behaviour (SB) and health indicators in children aged 0 to 4 years, and to determine what doses of SB (i.e., duration, patterns [frequency, interruptions], and type) were associated with health indicators. METHODS: Online databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies that met the a priori inclusion criteria: population (apparently healthy, 1 month to 4.99 years), intervention/exposure and comparator (durations, patterns, and types of SB), and outcome/health indicator (critical: adiposity, motor development, psychosocial health, cognitive development; important: bone and skeletal health, cardiometabolic health, fitness, risks/harm)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217820/longitudinal-exome-wide-association-study-to-identify-genetic-susceptibility-loci-for-hypertension-in-a-japanese-population
#15
Yoshiki Yasukochi, Jun Sakuma, Ichiro Takeuchi, Kimihiko Kato, Mitsutoshi Oguri, Tetsuo Fujimaki, Hideki Horibe, Yoshiji Yamada
Genome-wide association studies have identified various genetic variants associated with complex disorders. However, these studies have commonly been conducted in a cross-sectional manner. Therefore, we performed a longitudinal exome-wide association study (EWAS) in a Japanese cohort. We aimed to identify genetic variants that confer susceptibility to hypertension using ~244 000 single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) and physiological data from 6026 Japanese individuals who underwent annual health check-ups for several years...
December 8, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198994/dietary-quality-and-markers-of-inflammation-no-association-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes
#16
Angela D Liese, Xiaonan Ma, Xiaoguang Ma, Murray A Mittleman, Natalie S The, Debra A Standiford, Jean M Lawrence, Catherine Pihoker, Santica M Marcovina, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Robin C Puett
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation is a key process underlying cardiovascular disease (CVD) development, and CVD risk is significantly elevated in persons with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Youth with T1D exhibit increased levels of inflammation. Studies in persons without diabetes suggest that dietary quality influences inflammation, yet little is known about dietary influences on inflammation in youth with T1D. METHODS: This study evaluated the association of four distinct dietary quality indices (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI2010), modified KIDMED and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC)) with biomarkers of inflammation (C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen and interleukin-6 (IL-6)) in a sample of 2520 youth with T1D participating in the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195726/cardiovascular-effects-of-oral-appliance-therapy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Grietje E de Vries, Peter J Wijkstra, Ewout J Houwerzijl, Huib A M Kerstjens, Aarnoud Hoekema
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study systematically reviews the effects of oral appliance therapy (OAT) on a broad spectrum of cardiovascular outcomes. A literature search was performed up to December 31st 2016. Twenty-five relevant full-text articles were retrieved. Sixteen articles were considered methodologically sufficient, including 11 randomized controlled trials. Pooled data of the RCTs showed significant reductions in daytime systolic and diastolic blood pressure compared to baseline, but no significant reductions in heart rate, except for daytime heart rate when compared to inactive/placebo OAT...
October 26, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192365/eanm-earl-fdg-pet-ct-accreditation-summary-results-from-the-first-200-accredited-imaging-systems
#18
Andres Kaalep, Terez Sera, Wim Oyen, Bernd J Krause, Arturo Chiti, Yan Liu, Ronald Boellaard
PURPOSE: From 2010 until July 2016, the EANM Research Ltd. (EARL) FDG-PET/CT accreditation program has collected over 2500 phantom datasets from approximately 200 systems and 150 imaging sites worldwide. The objective of this study is to report the findings and impact of the accreditation program on the participating PET/CT systems. METHODS: To obtain and maintain EARL accredited status, sites were required to complete and submit two phantom scans - calibration quality control (CalQC), using a uniform cylindrical phantom and image quality control (IQQC), using a NEMA NU2-2007 body phantom...
December 1, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189988/predictors-of-self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-eq-5d-y-in-chronically-ill-children-and-adolescents-with-asthma-diabetes-and-juvenile-arthritis-longitudinal-results
#19
Christiane Otto, Dana Barthel, Fionna Klasen, Sandra Nolte, Matthias Rose, Ann-Katrin Meyrose, Marcus Klein, Ute Thyen, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer
PURPOSE: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important patient-reported outcome in clinical and health research. The EQ-5D-Y assesses child and adolescent HRQoL by five items on mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, and anxiety/depression as well as a visual analogue scale (VAS) on the current health state. This study investigates predictors of self-reported HRQoL according to the EQ-5D-Y in chronically ill children and adolescents using longitudinal data. METHODS: Data from the German Kids-CAT study on children and adolescents with asthma, diabetes, and juvenile arthritis gathered over a period of six months were analyzed (n = 310; 7-17 years old; 48% female)...
November 30, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188485/prospective-associations-of-social-isolation-and-loneliness-with-poor-sleep-quality-in-older-adults
#20
Bin Yu, Andrew Steptoe, Kaijun Niu, Po-Wen Ku, Li-Jung Chen
PURPOSE: There is evidence for negative associations between social isolation and loneliness and sleep quality in older adults. However, it is unclear to what extent these two factors independently affect sleep quality. This study examined the simultaneous associations of social isolation and loneliness with sleep quality in a longitudinal study of older adults. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study in Taiwan collected in 2000 and 2006, involving a cohort of 639 participants (mean age = 66...
November 30, 2017: Quality of Life Research
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