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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631491/a-longitudinal-examination-of-factors-associated-with-social-support-satisfaction-among-hiv-positive-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Charlotte McCullagh, Katherine Quinn, Dexter R Voisin, John Schneider
This study examined the long-term predictors of social support satisfaction among HIV-positive young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). Data were collected across three waves between October 2012 and November 2014 as part of the baseline assessment from Project nGage, a preliminary efficacy randomized control study examining the role of social support in improving HIV care among YBMSM. The sample included 92 YBMSM aged 18-29. Major results controlling for age, education and intervention effects indicated that psychological health, social network size, and education at baseline predicted differences in social support satisfaction at Wave 3, with no significant effects based on length of HIV diagnosis...
June 20, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624167/longitudinal-vision-related-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-noninfectious-uveitis-treated-with-fluocinolone-acetonide-implant-or-systemic-corticosteroid-therapy
#2
Elizabeth A Sugar, Vidya Venugopal, Jennifer E Thorne, Kevin D Frick, Gary N Holland, Robert C Wang, Robert Almanzor, Douglas A Jabs, Janet T Holbrook
PURPOSE: To evaluate longitudinal vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) in patients with noninfectious uveitis. DESIGN: Cohort study using randomized controlled trial data. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with active or recently active intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, or panuveitis enrolled in the Multicenter Steroid Treatment Trial and Follow-up Study. METHODS: Data from the 25-item National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) for the first 3 years after randomization were evaluated semiannually...
June 14, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615422/prognostic-factors-for-chronic-headache-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Katrin Probyn, Hannah Bowers, Fiona Caldwell, Dipesh Mistry, Martin Underwood, Manjit Matharu, Tamar Pincus
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of prognosis and trial outcomes in prospective studies of people with chronic headache. METHODS: This was a systematic review of published literature in peer-reviewed journals. We included (1) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions for chronic headache that reported subgroup analyses and (2) prospective cohort studies, published in English, since 1980. Participants included adults with chronic headache (including chronic headache, chronic migraine, and chronic tension-type headache with or without medication overuse headache)...
June 14, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612178/treatment-for-depression-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-adults-with-arthritis
#4
Drishti Shah, Pragya Rai, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Usha Sambamoorthi
Depression treatment has been proven to relieve depressive symptoms and pain and may therefore improve the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among adults with arthritis. The objective of the current study was to examine the HRQoL associated with depression treatment among adults with arthritis and depression. A retrospective longitudinal cohort study design using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (2009-2012) was adopted. The study sample consisted of adults (≥ 21 years) with co-existing arthritis and depression (N = 1692)...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604791/challenges-in-developing-methods-for-quantifying-the-effects-of-weather-and-climate-on-water-associated-diseases-a-systematic-review
#5
Giovanni Lo Iacono, Ben Armstrong, Lora E Fleming, Richard Elson, Sari Kovats, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Gordon L Nichols
Infectious diseases attributable to unsafe water supply, sanitation and hygiene (e.g. Cholera, Leptospirosis, Giardiasis) remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in low-income countries. Climate and weather factors are known to affect the transmission and distribution of infectious diseases and statistical and mathematical modelling are continuously developing to investigate the impact of weather and climate on water-associated diseases. There have been little critical analyses of the methodological approaches...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597109/race-specific-associations-between-health-related-quality-of-life-and-cellular-aging-among-adults-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
Rumana J Khan, Samson Y Gebreab, Pia R Crespo, Ruihua Xu, Amadou Gaye, Sharon K Davis
PURPOSE: Poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) could lead to higher morbidity and mortality through telomere attrition or accelerated cellular aging. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine the relationship between four dimensions of HRQOL and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) among a nationally representative sample of 3547 US adults (≥20 years) using the data from the 2001-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHOD: We used HRQOL survey information collected on individuals' self-rated general health, recent physical health, recent mental health, and recent activity limitation...
June 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593038/comprehensive-healthcare-resource-use-among-newly-diagnosed-congestive-heart-failure
#7
Lori D Bash, Dahlia Weitzman, Robert O Blaustein, Ofer Sharon, Varda Shalev, Gabriel Chodick
BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is among the most common causes of hospital admissions and readmissions in the Western world. However, the burden of ambulatory care has not been as well investigated. The objective of this study was to assess the relative burden and direct medical costs of CHF including inpatient and outpatient care. METHODS: We used longitudinal clinical data from a two-million member health organization in Israel (Maccabi Healthcare Services) to identify adults with newly diagnosed CHF between January 2006 and December 2012, either in the in- or outpatient setting...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592575/a-cross-sectional-study-measuring-vanadium-and-chromium-levels-in-paediatric-patients-with-ckd
#8
Guido Filler, Marta Kobrzynski, Hargun Kaur Sidhu, Vladimir Belostotsky, Shih-Han S Huang, Chris McIntyre, Liju Yang
OBJECTIVES: Although many secondary effects of high levels of vanadium (V) and chromium (Cr) overlap with symptoms seen in paediatric patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), their plasma V and Cr levels are understudied. DESIGN: Ancillary cross-sectional study to a prospective, longitudinal, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Children's Hospital of Western Ontario, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 36 children and adolescents 4-18 years of age with CKD...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581891/oral-conditions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#9
D G Haag, K G Peres, M Balasubramanian, D S Brennan
The objective of this study was to verify whether oral conditions (tooth loss, periodontal disease, dental caries) are negatively associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults. A search was carried out on PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, SciELO, and LILACS databases until the end of July 2016 with no date restrictions. Quantitative observational studies written in English were included and data extraction was performed independently by 2 reviewers. HRQoL was investigated as the outcome, and tooth loss, periodontal diseases, and dental caries were exposures...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579266/a-longitudinal-study-of-changes-in-psychosocial-well-being-during-orthognathic-treatment
#10
O Alanko, M T Tuomisto, T Peltomäki, M Tolvanen, T Soukka, A L Svedström-Oristo
The aim was to evaluate changes in the psychosocial well-being of orthognathic surgery patients (n=22) during treatment and to compare results with those of adults not requiring orthognathic treatment (n=22). Patient data were collected before treatment (T0), after the first orthodontic examination (T1), three times during treatment (T2-T4), and 1 year after surgery (T5). In this article, only data corresponding to patient stage T5 are reported for the control subjects. Participants filled in a structured diary and the modified version of the Secord and Jourard body image questionnaire, the Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire II...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576901/anankle-trial-study-protocol-a-randomised-trial-comparing-pain-profiles-after-peripheral-nerve-block-or-spinal-anaesthesia-for-ankle-fracture-surgery
#11
Rune Sort, Stig Brorson, Ismail Gögenur, Ann Merete Møller
INTRODUCTION: Ankle fracture surgery is a common procedure, but the influence of anaesthesia choice on postoperative pain and quality of recovery is poorly understood. Some authors suggest a benefit of peripheral nerve block (PNB) in elective procedures, but the different pain profile following acute fracture surgery and the rebound pain on cessation of the PNB both remain unexplored. We present an ongoing randomised study aiming to compare primary PNB anaesthesia with spinal anaesthesia for ankle fracture surgery regarding postoperative pain profiles and quality of recovery...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539379/the-effect-of-nutrition-training-for-health-care-staff-on-learner-and-patient-outcomes-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Owen Marples, Christine Baldwin, C Elizabeth Weekes
Background: Nutrition training for health care staff has been prioritized internationally as a key means of tackling malnutrition; however, there is a lack of clear evidence to support its implementation. Systematic reviews in other fields of training for health care staff indicate that training strategies may have a beneficial impact on learner and patient outcomes.Objectives: We assessed whether nutrition training for health care staff caring for nutritionally vulnerable adults resulted in improved learner and patient outcomes and evaluated the effectiveness of different training strategies...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536541/revisiting-the-link-between-job-satisfaction-and-life-satisfaction-the-role-of-basic-psychological-needs
#13
Wenceslao Unanue, Marcos E Gómez, Diego Cortez, Juan C Oyanedel, Andrés Mendiburo-Seguel
The link between job satisfaction and life satisfaction has been extensively explored in the relevant literature. However, the great majority of past research has been carried out using cross-sectional analyses, and almost exclusively in the Western world. Moreover, the underlying psychological mechanisms explaining the link are not yet completely understood. Thus, we report the first research to date which uses both cross-sectional and longitudinal data among workers in Chile-a fast-developing Latin American economy-and which aims to tackle previous limitations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535331/computer-and-mobile-technology-interventions-for-self-management-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
REVIEW
Catherine McCabe, Margaret McCann, Anne Marie Brady
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by airflow obstruction due to an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to noxious particles or gases, for example, cigarette smoke. The pattern of care for people with moderate to very severe COPD often involves regular lengthy hospital admissions, which result in high healthcare costs and an undesirable effect on quality of life. Research over the past decade has focused on innovative methods for developing enabling and assistive technologies that facilitate patient self-management...
May 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529546/disease-management-programs-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-germany-a-longitudinal-population-based-descriptive-study
#15
Michael Mehring, Ewan Donnachie, Florian Cornelius Bonke, Christoph Werner, Antonius Schneider
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of the disease management program (DMP) for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 is to improve the quality of health care and the treatment process. 12 years after its introduction in Germany, there is still no consensus as to whether DMP has been effective in reaching these goals. METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal population-based study between 2004 and 2015 were conducted to evaluate the DMP for type 2 diabetes in Bavaria using routinely collected patient medical records hold from the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians of Bavaria...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526929/analytical-management-of-patients-undergoing-oral-anticoagulant-therapy-could-have-a-strong-impact-on-clinical-outcomes-a-follow-up-study
#16
Vincenzo De Iuliis, Sebastiano Ursi, Gianfranco Vitullo, Irma Griffo, Antonio Marino, Marika Caruso, Francesco Cipollone, Sabrina Capodifoglio, Veronica Breda, Elena Toniato, Alfonso Pennelli, Pio Conti, Stefano Martinotti
INTRODUCTION: Oral anticoagulant therapy, such as vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), is prominent for the prevention of cerebral ischemic stroke or systemic embolism and all-cause mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation, venous thromboembolism, and mechanical or biological valve. VKA treatment requires monitoring of the international normalized ratio (INR) in order to maintain it in a therapeutic range, avoiding side effects, the main and most significant of which is bleeding. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the event rates of several clinical composite outcomes, such as bleeding, thromboembolic events, and all-cause death...
May 19, 2017: Cardiology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515014/hiv-and-the-criminalisation-of-drug-use-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-systematic-review
#17
Kora DeBeck, Tessa Cheng, Julio S Montaner, Chris Beyrer, Richard Elliott, Susan Sherman, Evan Wood, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence suggests that laws and policies prohibiting illegal drug use could have a central role in shaping health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). To date, no systematic review has characterised the influence of laws and legal frameworks prohibiting drug use on HIV prevention and treatment. METHODS: Consistent with PRISMA guidelines, we did a systematic review of peer-reviewed scientific evidence describing the association between criminalisation of drug use and HIV prevention and treatment-related outcomes among PWID...
May 12, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511734/sleeping-with-one-eye-open-loneliness-and-sleep-quality-in-young-adults
#18
T Matthews, A Danese, A M Gregory, A Caspi, T E Moffitt, L Arseneault
BACKGROUND: Feelings of loneliness are common among young adults, and are hypothesized to impair the quality of sleep. In the present study, we tested associations between loneliness and sleep quality in a nationally representative sample of young adults. Further, based on the hypothesis that sleep problems in lonely individuals are driven by increased vigilance for threat, we tested whether past exposure to violence exacerbated this association. METHOD: Data were drawn from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a birth cohort of 2232 twins born in England and Wales in 1994 and 1995...
May 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511720/identifying-models-of-delivery-care-domains-and-quality-indicators-relevant-to-palliative-day-services-a-scoping-review-protocol
#19
Seán R O'Connor, Martin Dempster, Noleen K McCorry
BACKGROUND: With an ageing population and increasing numbers of people with life-limiting illness, there is a growing demand for palliative day services. There is a need to measure and demonstrate the quality of these services, but there is currently little agreement on which aspects of care should be used to do this. The aim of the scoping review will be to map the extent, range and nature of the evidence around models of delivery, care domains and existing quality indicators used to evaluate palliative day services...
May 16, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509366/on-the-quality-of-adjustment-to-retirement-the-longitudinal-role-of-personality-traits-and-generativity
#20
Rodrigo Serrat, Feliciano Villar, Michael W Pratt, Arthur A Stukas
OBJECTIVE: Although psychological factors have been explored in relation to other life transitions, their influence on retirement adjustment quality has been largely overlooked. This study assessed the contribution of personality traits and generativity before retirement in the prediction of hedonic and eudaimonic wellbeing at two temporal points after retirement. METHOD: This article analyses data from the MIDUS (Midlife in the United States) longitudinal sample...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Personality
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