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longitudinal study data quality control

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805254/does-fathers-and-mothers-rumination-predict-emotional-symptoms-in-their-children
#1
Lamprini Psychogiou, Nicholas J Moberly, Elizabeth Parry, Abigail Emma Russell, Selina Nath, Angeliki Kallitsoglou
OBJECTIVES: Although rumination can have a negative influence on the family environment and the quality of parent-child interactions, there is little research on the role of parental rumination in predicting adverse child outcomes over time. This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' brooding rumination would each uniquely predict emotional symptoms in preschool children. METHODS: The initial sample consisted of 160 families (including 50 mothers with past depression, 33 fathers with past depression, and 7 fathers with current depression according to the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804983/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-profiles-of-psychological-thriving-resilience-and-loss-in-people-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#2
Fuschia M Sirois, Jameson K Hirsch
OBJECTIVES: Despite the toll of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on adjustment, many patients are resilient to the challenges associated with living with IBD, and successfully cope with their illness and thrive. Yet there is little research on why some individuals with IBD enter a trajectory of growth, while others may struggle to adapt. The aim of this study was to investigate the adjustment-related factors that distinguished thriving, resilience, and loss in people with IBD across personal growth, life satisfaction, and relationship quality domains...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803331/impact-of-monitoring-health-related-quality-of%C3%A2-life-in-clinical-practice-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Marta Murillo, Joan Bel, Jacobo Pérez, Raquel Corripio, Gemma Carreras, Xavier Herrero, Josep-Maria Mengibar, Dolors Rodriguez-Arjona, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Hein Raat, Luis Rajmil
PURPOSE: To test whether the systematic monitoring of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in clinical practice in Spanish pediatric patients with T1DM helps improve their daily life in a multicenter longitudinal study. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six patients participated, recruited from five centers in Barcelona, Spain (72 girls, mean age 13.4 years). Complete data were collected for 119 patients (85%). Pediatricians were randomly assigned to the HRQOL intervention (n = 70), or control group (n = 49)...
August 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789789/differential-predictors-of-nighttime-and-daytime-sleep-complaints-in-older-adults-with-comorbid-insomnia-and-osteoarthritis-pain
#4
Hsin-Yi Jean Tang, Susan M McCurry, Kenneth C Pike, Michael Von Korff, Michael V Vitiello
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely common in older adults, affecting 50% of people aged 65 or older, and more than half of older adults with OA complain of significantly disturbed sleep. This study compared predictors of nighttime sleep complaints and daytime sleep-related consequences as measured by the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) in older adults with comorbid OA pain and insomnia. METHODS: A secondary analysis of baseline data from a large longitudinal randomized controlled trial...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756414/work-related-risk-factors-for-specific-shoulder-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Henk F van der Molen, Chiara Foresti, Joost G Daams, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, P Paul F M Kuijer
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to examine which work-related risk factors are associated with specific soft tissue shoulder disorders. We searched the electronic databases of Medline and Embase for articles published between 2009 and 24 March 2016 and included the references of a systematic review performed for the period before 2009. Primary cross-sectional and longitudinal studies were included when outcome data were described in terms of clinically assessed soft tissue shoulder disorders and at least two levels of work-related exposure were mentioned (exposed vs less or non-exposed)...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754184/malocclusions-in-young-children-does-breast-feeding-really-reduce-the-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Esma J Doğramacı, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Craig W Dreyer
BACKGROUND: Researchers have purported that breast-feeding can decrease the risk of malocclusions. The authors studied the relationship of breast-feeding on malocclusions in young children by means of conducting a systematic review of association (etiology). TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors used a 3-step search strategy, including electronic searches. They considered studies whose investigators included healthy children with primary dentition with a history of breast-feeding and in which the study investigators had assessed specific malocclusion outcomes to be eligible for inclusion in this review...
August 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754116/how-is-disease-severity-associated-with-quality-of-life-in-psoriasis-patients-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-population-based-study-in-sweden
#7
Kirk Geale, Martin Henriksson, Marcus Schmitt-Egenolf
BACKGROUND: Assessing the impact of disease severity on generic quality of life (QOL) is a critical step in outcomes research and in the development of decision-analytic models structured around health states defined by clinical measures. While data from routine clinical practice found in healthcare registers are increasingly used for research, more attention should be paid to understanding the relationship between clinical measures of disease severity and QOL. The purpose of this work was therefore to investigate this relationship in psoriasis using a population-based dataset...
July 28, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752803/designing-and-collecting-data-for-a-longitudinal-study-the-sleman-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-hdss
#8
Fatwa S T Dewi, Ifta Choiriyyah, Citra Indriyani, Abdul Wahab, Lutfan Lazuardi, Agung Nugroho, Susetyowati Susetyowati, Rosalia K Harisaputra, Risalia Santi, Septi K Lestari, Nawi Ng, Mohammad Hakimi, Hari K Josef, Adi Utarini
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological considerations of developing an urban Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS), in the Sleman District of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. METHODS: 1) The Sleman District was selected because it is mostly an urban area. 2) The minimum sample size was calculated to measure infant mortality as the key variable and resulted in a sample of 4942 households. A two-stage cluster sampling procedure with probability proportionate to size was applied; first, 216 Censuses Blocks (CBs) were selected, and second, 25 households in each CB were selected...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744195/machine-learning-approach-for-classifying-multiple-sclerosis-courses-by-combining-clinical-data-with-lesion-loads-and-magnetic-resonance-metabolic-features
#9
Adrian Ion-Mărgineanu, Gabriel Kocevar, Claudio Stamile, Diana M Sima, Françoise Durand-Dubief, Sabine Van Huffel, Dominique Sappey-Marinier
Purpose: The purpose of this study is classifying multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in the four clinical forms as defined by the McDonald criteria using machine learning algorithms trained on clinical data combined with lesion loads and magnetic resonance metabolic features. Materials and Methods: Eighty-seven MS patients [12 Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS), 30 Relapse Remitting (RR), 17 Primary Progressive (PP), and 28 Secondary Progressive (SP)] and 18 healthy controls were included in this study. Longitudinal data available for each MS patient included clinical (e...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738257/a-systematic-review-of-the-quality-of-statistical-methods-employed-for-analysing-quality-of-life-data-in-cancer-randomised-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Jean-Francois Hamel, Patrick Saulnier, Madeline Pe, Efstathios Zikos, Jammbe Musoro, Corneel Coens, Andrew Bottomley
AIMS: Over the last decades, Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) end-points have become an important outcome of the randomised controlled trials (RCTs). HRQoL methodology in RCTs has improved following international consensus recommendations. However, no international recommendations exist concerning the statistical analysis of such data. The aim of our study was to identify and characterise the quality of the statistical methods commonly used for analysing HRQoL data in cancer RCTs...
July 21, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737985/evaluation-of-patient-migration-patterns-and-related-health-care-costs-within-a-national-medicare-advantage-prescription-drug-plan-after-implementation-of-an-oxycodone-hcl-extended-release-access-restriction
#11
Chi-Chang Chen, Ajita P De, Brian Sweet, Rolin L Wade
BACKGROUND: Health plans use formulary restrictions (e.g., prior authorization, step therapy, tier change, nonformulary status) in an effort to control cost and promote quality, safety, and appropriate prescription utilization. Some Medicare payers perceive that the inclusion of certain agents, such as branded oxycodone HCl extended-release tablets (OERs), on their formularies is associated with attracting high-cost members to the plan. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate disenrollment rates, patient migration, and subsequent health care costs among OER users who disenrolled from a national Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug plan (study-MAPD) in the plan year following OER nonformulary restriction...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736539/reviewing-the-effectiveness-of-music-interventions-in-treating-depression
#12
REVIEW
Daniel Leubner, Thilo Hinterberger
Depression is a very common mood disorder, resulting in a loss of social function, reduced quality of life and increased mortality. Music interventions have been shown to be a potential alternative for depression therapy but the number of up-to-date research literature is quite limited. We present a review of original research trials which utilize music or music therapy as intervention to treat participants with depressive symptoms. Our goal was to differentiate the impact of certain therapeutic uses of music used in the various experiments...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718938/quality-control-of-ultrasound-for-fetal-biometry-results-from-the-intergrowth-21-st-project
#13
Angelo Cavallaro, Stephen T Ash, Raffaele Napolitano, Sikolia Wanyonyi, Eric O Ohuma, Malid Molloholli, Joyce Sande, Ippokratis Sarris, Christos Ioannou, Tess Norris, Vera Donadono, Maria Carvalho, Manorama Purwar, Fernando C Barros, Yasmin A Jaffer, Enrico Bertino, Ruyan Pang, Michael G Gravett, Laurent J Salomon, Julia Alison Noble, Douglas G Altman, Aris T Papageorghiou
OBJECTIVES: To assess a comprehensive package of ultrasound quality control in a large multicentre study of fetal growth - the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21(st) Project. METHODS: We performed quality control (QC) measures on 20,313 ultrasound scan images taken prospectively from 4,321 fetuses at 14-41 weeks' gestation in eight geographical locations. At the time of each ultrasound examination, three fetal biometric variables were measured in triplicate on separately generated images: head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and femur length (FL)...
July 18, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712000/predictors-of-weight-loss-in-early-treated-parkinson-s-disease-from-the-net-pd-ls-1-cohort
#14
Anne-Marie Wills, Ruosha Li, Adriana Pérez, Xuehan Ren, James Boyd
Weight loss is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease and is associated with impaired quality of life. Predictors of weight loss have not been studied in large clinical cohorts. We previously observed an association between change in body mass index and change in Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor and total scores. In this study, we performed a secondary analysis of longitudinal data (1-6 years) from 1619 participants in the NINDS Exploratory Trials in PD Long-term Study-1 (NET-PD LS1) to explore predictors of weight loss in a large prospective clinical trial cohort of early treated Parkinson's disease...
August 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710715/clinical-utility-of-a-blood-based-protein-assay-to-increase-screening-of-elevated-risk-patients-for-colorectal-cancer-in-the-primary-care-setting
#15
John Peabody, David Paculdo, Eric Swagel, Steven Fugaro, Mary Tran
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is effective in finding early stage CRC and dramatically improves survival rates. Despite this, the number of eligible patients who do not obtain CRC screening is unacceptably high. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal, randomized controlled trial investigating the utility of a blood-based protein assay on the quality of care delivered by practicing PCPs in the United States. We used standardized simulated patients (CPVs), presenting with symptoms suggestive of a higher likelihood of CRC, to measure how frequently these PCPs ordered diagnostic colonoscopy...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703038/rehabilitation-interventions-to-modify-endocrine-metabolic-disease-risk-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-riisc-a-systematic-review-and-scoping-perspective
#16
Jenna C Gibbs, Dany H Gagnon, Austin J Bergquist, Jasmine Arel, Tomas Cervinka, Rasha El-Kotob, Désirée B Maltais, Dalton L Wolfe, B Catharine Craven
Context Endocrine-metabolic disease (EMD) risk following spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with significant multi-morbidity (i.e. fracture, diabetes, heart disease), mortality, and economic burden. It is unclear to what extent rehabilitation interventions can modify EMD risk and improve health status in community-dwelling adults with chronic SCI. Objectives To characterize rehabilitation interventions and summarize evidence on their efficacy/effectiveness to modify precursors to EMD risk in community-dwelling adults with chronic SCI...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673257/experiences-of-end-of-life-amongst-family-carers-of-people-with-advanced-dementia-longitudinal-cohort-study-with-mixed-methods
#17
Kirsten J Moore, Sarah Davis, Anna Gola, Jane Harrington, Nuriye Kupeli, Victoria Vickerstaff, Michael King, Gerard Leavey, Irwin Nazareth, Louise Jones, Elizabeth L Sampson
BACKGROUND: Many studies have examined the mental health of carers of people with dementia. Few have examined their experiences in the advanced stages of disease and into bereavement. We aimed to understand the experiences of carers during advanced dementia exploring the links between mental health and experiences of end of life care. METHODS: Mixed methods longitudinal cohort study. Thirty-five family carers of people with advanced dementia (6 at home, 29 in care homes) were recruited and assessed monthly for up to nine months or until the person with dementia died, then at two and seven months into bereavement...
July 3, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670681/gender-differences-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-clinical-perspective
#18
REVIEW
D Georgiev, K Hamberg, M Hariz, L Forsgren, G-M Hariz
Available data indicate that there are gender differences in many features of Parkinson's disease (PD). Precise identification of the gender differences is important to tailor treatment, predict outcomes, and meet other individual and social needs in women and men with PD. The aim of this study was to review the available clinical data on gender differences in PD. Original articles and meta-analyses published between 1990 and 2016 systematically exploring gender differences in PD were reviewed. There is slight male preponderance in incidence and prevalence of PD...
July 2, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651923/randomized-controlled-trials-covering-pharmaceutical-care-and-medicines-management-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#19
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Rozina Kousar, Ghulam Murtaza, Saira Azhar, Shujaat Ali Khan, Louise Curley
OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of pharmaceutical care on hospitalizations, mortality and clinical outcomes in patients. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) databases to identify studies that were published between 2004 and January 2017. Studies included in this review were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that spanned across both community and hospital settings. Using strict inclusion/exclusion criteria studies were included if they reported level 1 or 2 outcomes in the hierarchy of outcome measure i...
June 19, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650086/systemic-thrombolysis-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-and-anticoagulation-for-intermediate-risk-pulmonary-embolism-a-simulation-modeling-analysis
#20
Christopher Kabrhel, Ayman Ali, Jin Choi, Chin Hur
OBJECTIVES: Decision-making around the use of thrombolysis for patients with intermediate-risk (submassive) PE remains challenging. Studies indicate favorable clinical outcomes with systemic thrombolytics (IV tPA), but the risk of major bleeding and hemorrhagic stroke is a deterrent. Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) may be a preferable strategy, as it has been shown to have a lower risk of bleeding than systemic thrombolysis. However, a three-arm randomized control study comparing IV tPA, CDT, and anticoagulation alone, with long-term follow up, would be costly and is unlikely to be performed...
June 26, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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