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Sleep bruxism

Defne Yalçın Yeler, Nurbengu Yılmaz, Melike Koraltan, Ezgi Aydın
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether there is a relationship between possible sleep bruxism (PSB), temporomandibular disorders (TMD), unilateral chewing (UC), and occlusal factors in university students recruited from Cumhuriyet University in Turkey. METHODS: For this cross-sectional survey, 519 (223 males, mean age 21.57 ± 2.3 years, 296 females, mean age 21.02 ± 2 years) university students who admitted to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology of the Faculty of Dentistry, Cumhuriyet University for dental care between 2012 and 2014 were selected randomly...
October 6, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Eduardo Anitua, Juan Saracho, Gabriela Zamora Almeida, Joquin Duran-Cantolla, Mohammad Alkhraisat
Sleep bruxism and higher clench index have been associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, there is no study that reports on the prosthetic complications in patients with OSA. Patients' records, who had performed a sleep study to diagnose OSA, were examined for the occurrence of prosthetic complications in implant-borne reconstructions. The primary outcome was the frequency of prosthetic complications. The secondary outcomes were anthropometric data, the type of the complication, type of the prosthesis, type of retention, number of supporting implants, number of prosthetic units, and the presence of obstructive sleep apnea...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
Paloma María Blasco-Bonora, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of deep dry needling (DN) of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) of the masseter and temporalis on pain, pressure pain threshold (PPT), pain-free maximal jaw opening and temporomandibular disorder (TMD)-related disability in patients with sleep bruxism (SB) and myofascial TMD. METHODS: Seventeen subjects (11 women, 6 men) aged 39±13 years (range 23-66) diagnosed with SB and myofascial TMD were invited to participate in this prospective case series study...
October 3, 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Júnia Maria Serra-Negra, Mariana Batista Ribeiro, Ivana Meyer Prado, Saul Martins Paiva, Isabela Almeida Pordeus
AIMS: To evaluate the relationship between possible sleep bruxism and sleep characteristics in children. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted through data collection of a pre-tested questionnaire answered by 111 parents on behalf of their children in the waiting room during their appointment at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic of a public Brazilian university. The diagnosis of possible sleep bruxism was based on the international classification of sleep disorders (ICSD) criteria...
October 3, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Marcin Berger, Leszek Szalewski, Jacek Szkutnik, Michał Ginszt, Apolinary Ginszt
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of evidence suggests that bruxism exists in two separate manifestations. However, little is known about the association between specific manifestations of bruxism and temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain. AIM: The aim of our study was to analyze the association between TMD pain and specific diagnoses of bruxism (sleep, awake, and mixed diagnosis of sleep and awake bruxism). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 508 adult patients (296 women and 212 men), aged between 18 and 64 years (mean age 34±12 years), attending to a clinic for general dental treatment...
September 16, 2016: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Rahşan İnan, Gülçin Benbir Şenel, Figen Yavlal, Derya Karadeniz, Ayşegül Gündüz, Meral E Kızıltan
Sleep bruxism (SB) is a stereotyped movement disorder characterized by grinding or clenching of the teeth during sleep. We aimed to understand the abnormal networks related to the excitability of masticatory pathways in patients with SB. Eleven patients with SB and age- and gender-matched 20 healthy subjects were prospectively enrolled in our study. The masseter inhibitory reflex (MIR) after electrical stimulation and auditory startle reaction (ASR) were examined. For MIR responses, durations of early and late silent period (SP) were shorter and the degree of suppression of SPs was significantly lower in SB group in comparison to those obtained in healthy subjects...
September 14, 2016: Neurological Sciences
Se-Hyung Kim
Here, the author presents a case of bruxism-induced otalgia in a 29-year-old female patient. The pain was sharp and penetrating in character. It was usually worse in the morning and frequently radiated to the right temporal area. She had received unsuccessful medical treatments for migraine headache. The otoendoscopic examination revealed a normal tympanic membrane. A thorough inspection of her teeth revealed excessive wear on the incisal edges, and the cause of her otalgia was identified as bruxism-related temporomandibular joint disorder...
September 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Claudia Restrepo, Daniele Manfredini, Eduardo Castrillon, Peter Svensson, Adriana Santamaria, Claudia Alvarez, Ruben Manrique, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard for sleep bruxism (SB) diagnosis. PSG/SB children's criteria are not available; thus, parental-report SB is widely used. AIM: Assessing the diagnostic accuracy of parental report of sleep tooth grinding (STG) with a PSG/SB diagnosis in children, adopting adult criteria. DESIGN: Thirty-seven children from clinics of Universidad CES were included. Parents filled the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) assessing the single-observation report - CSHQ - of STG with a No/Yes answer and five ordinal answers...
September 9, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
G H Oporto, T Bornhardt, V Iturriaga, L A Salazar
Bruxism (BRX) is a condition of great interest for researchers and clinicians in dental and medical areas. BRX has two circadian manifestations; it can occur during sleep (sleep bruxism, SB) or during wakefulness (awake bruxism, WB). However, it can be suffered together. Recent investigations suggest that central nervous system neurotransmitters and their genes could be involved in the genesis of BRX. Serotonin is responsible for the circadian rhythm, maintaining arousal, regulating stress response, muscle tone and breathing...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
B R Chrcanovic, J Kisch, T Albrektsson, A Wennerberg
Recent studies have suggested that the insertion of dental implants in patients being diagnosed with bruxism negatively affected the implant failure rates. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the bruxism and the risk of dental implant failure. This retrospective study is based on 2670 patients who received 10 096 implants at one specialist clinic. Implant- and patient-related data were collected. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the patients and implants. Multilevel mixed effects parametric survival analysis was used to test the association between bruxism and risk of implant failure adjusting for several potential confounders...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Livia Bonfim Fulgencio, Patrícia Corrêa-Faria, Carolina Freitas Lage, Saul Martins Paiva, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Junia Maria Serra-Negra
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period with changes and conflicts. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between sleep bruxism, verbal bullying at school, and life satisfaction among Brazilian adolescents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of 1344 Brazilian adolescents was performed. Possible sleep bruxism was identified using the consensus criteria based on the reports of parents. The parents and the adolescents answered validated questionnaires...
September 6, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Samar Khoury, Maria Clotilde Carra, Nelly Huynh, Jacques Montplaisir, Gilles J Lavigne
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep bruxism (SB) is characterized by tooth grinding and jaw clenching during sleep. Familial factors may contribute to the occurrence of SB. This study aims are: (1) revisit the prevalence and characteristics of SB in a large cross-sectional survey and assess familial aggregation of SB, (2) assess comorbidity such as insomnia and pain, (3) compare survey data in a subset of subjects diagnosed using polysomnography research criteria. METHODS: A sample of 6357 individuals from the general population in Quebec, Canada, undertook an online survey to assess the prevalence of SB, comorbidities, and familial aggregation...
August 19, 2016: Sleep
M Winck, M Drummond, P Viana, J C Pinho, J C Winck
Sleep bruxism (SB) and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) share common pathophysiologic pathways. We aimed to study the presence and relationship of SB in a OSAS population. Patients referred with OSAS suspicion and concomitant SB complains were evaluated using a specific questionnaire, orofacial evaluation and cardio-respiratory polygraphy that could also monitor audio and EMG of the masseter muscles. From 11 patients studied 9 had OSAS. 55.6% were male, mean age was 46.3±11.3 years, and apnea hypopnea index of 11...
August 23, 2016: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
Mohammad Torabi-Nami, Samrad Mehrabi, Sabri Derman
Sleep-related movement disorders should be differentiated from parasomnias, sleep-associated behavioral disorders, and epilepsy. Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard in evaluating such disorders. Periodic leg movement disorder during sleep (PLMS), hypnic jerks, bruxism, rhythmic movement disorder, restless legs syndrome, and nocturnal leg cramps have broadly been discussed in the literature. However, periodic arm movement disorder in sleep (PAMS) is a less-appreciated entity perhaps because arm surface electromyography is not an integral part of the standard polysomnography...
July 2016: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
F Cheynet
The study of the relationship between temporomandibular joints (TMJ), mastication and ventilation and the involvement of these two functions in the genesis of primary Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) and in some dentofacial deformities, was initiated in France, more than 30years, by Professor Raymond Gola. Once criticized the weakness of the scientific literature in this domain, the originality of the TMJ within the masticatory system is recalled with its huge adaptation potential to very different biomechanical constraints according to the age and masticatory activities during the day...
September 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Eduardo Bertazzo-Silveira, Cristian Maikel Kruger, Isabela Porto De Toledo, André Luís Porporatti, Bruce Dick, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to answer the focused question, "In adults, is there any association between sleep bruxism (SB) and alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, or drug abuse?" TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: This systematic review included studies in which the investigators assessed SB diagnosis by using questionnaires, clinical assessment, or polysomnography and evaluated its association with alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, or drug abuse. The authors graded SB as possible, probable, or definitive...
August 10, 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
Takuro Sakai, Takafumi Kato, Shuichiro Yoshizawa, Takeshi Suganuma, Masayuki Takaba, Yasuhiro Ono, Ayako Yoshizawa, Yuya Yoshida, Tatsuya Kurihara, Masakazu Ishii, Fusae Kawana, Yuji Kiuchi, Kazuyoshi Baba
The aim of this study was to assess the acute effects of clonazepam and clonidine on rhythmic masticatory muscle activity in young adults with primary sleep bruxism, as well as accompanying effects on sleep architecture and cardiac activity. This study used a double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled design. Polysomnography was performed on 19 subjects [nine men and 10 women; mean age (±SE): 25.4 ± 2.7 years] for 5 nights. The first 2 nights were used for the habituation and diagnosis of sleep bruxism...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Sleep Research
H Ohmure, K Kanematsu-Hashimoto, K Nagayama, H Taguchi, A Ido, K Tominaga, T Arakawa, S Miyawaki
Bruxism is a repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth and/or bracing or thrusting of the mandible. Recent advances have clarified the relationship between gastroesophageal reflux and sleep bruxism (SB). However, the influence of pharmacological elimination of gastric acid secretion on SB has not been confirmed. The authors aimed to assess the efficacy of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) on SB and to examine the gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and endoscopic findings of the upper GI tract in SB patients...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
Daniele Manfredini, Angela Arreghini, Luca Lombardo, Alessandra Visentin, Silvia Cerea, Tommaso Castroflorio, Giuseppe Siciliani
AIMS: To determine whether there is a correlation between any psychological features and sleep bruxism (SB). METHODS: A total of 36 healthy volunteers underwent an in-home evaluation with a portable device combining electromyographic (EMG) and electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings for the diagnosis of SB. They were administered questionnaires that assessed state and trait anxiety levels and coping strategies. The study hypothesis was that the SB index was significantly correlated with an individual's anxiety and coping...
2016: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Juliana Stuginski-Barbosa, André Luís Porporatti, Yuri Martins Costa, Peter Svensson, Paulo César Rodrigues Conti
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Validated questionnaires and guidelines for assessing sleep bruxism (SB) that can be administered by dentists in clinical practice are still lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this preliminary study was to compare the third edition of the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-3) criteria for diagnosing SB with the results of the gold standard polysomnography (PSG) examination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty consecutive postgraduate students and staff at Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, Brazil, participated...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
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