Read by QxMD icon Read

Adipose drived stem cell

Guillermo C Rivera-Gonzalez, Brett A Shook, Johanna Andrae, Brandon Holtrup, Katherine Bollag, Christer Betsholtz, Matthew S Rodeheffer, Valerie Horsley
Tissue growth and maintenance requires stem cell populations that self-renew, proliferate, and differentiate. Maintenance of white adipose tissue (WAT) requires the proliferation and differentiation of adipocyte stem cells (ASCs) to form postmitotic, lipid-filled mature adipocytes. Here we use the dynamic adipogenic program that occurs during hair growth to uncover an unrecognized regulator of ASC self-renewal and proliferation, PDGFA, which activates AKT signaling to drive and maintain the adipogenic program in the skin...
October 1, 2016: Cell Stem Cell
Kuei-Chang Li, Shih-Chun Lo, Li-Yu Sung, Ya-Hsin Liao, Yu-Han Chang, Yu-Chen Hu
Repairing large calvarial bone defects remains a challenging task. Previously, it was discovered that that miR-148b, when acting in concert with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), enhanced the osteogenesis of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) and improved calvarial bone healing in nude mice. However, the molecular target of miR-148b remained elusive. Here it is revealed that miR-148b directly targets NOG, whose gene product (noggin) is an antagonist to BMPs and negatively regulates BMP-induced osteogenic differentiation and bone formation...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Thamile Luciane Reus, Anny Waloski Robert, Marise Brenner Affonso Da Costa, Alessandra Melo de Aguiar, Marco Augusto Stimamiglio
In the heart, tissue-derived signals play a central role on recruiting/activating stem cell sources to induce cardiac lineage specification for maintenance of tissue homeostasis and repair. Cardiac resident stromal cells (CRSCs) may play a pivotal role in cardiac repair throughout their secretome. Here, we performed the characterization of CRSCs and their secretome by analyzing the composition of their culture-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) and conditioned medium (CM) and by investigating their potential effect on adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) and progenitor cell behavior...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Abu E Bashar, Andrew L Metcalfe, Ishaq A Viringipurampeer, Anat Yanai, Cheryl Y Gregory-Evans, Kevin Gregory-Evans
PURPOSE: X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) is juvenile-onset macular degeneration caused by haploinsufficiency of the extracellular cell adhesion protein retinoschisin (RS1). RS1 mutations can lead to either a non-functional protein or the absence of protein secretion, and it has been established that extracellular deficiency of RS1 is the underlying cause of the phenotype. Therefore, we hypothesized that an ex vivo gene therapy strategy could be used to deliver sufficient extracellular RS1 to reverse the phenotype seen in XLRS...
2016: Molecular Vision
Ursula Heilmeier, Matthias Hackl, Susanna Skalicky, Sylvia Weilner, Fabian Schroeder, Klemens Vierlinger, Janina Patsch, Thomas Baum, Eleni Oberbauer, Iryna Lobach, Andrew Burghardt, Ann Schwartz, Johannes Grillari, Thomas Link
Standard DXA measurements, including FRAX scores, have shown limitations in assessing fracture risk in Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) underscoring the need for novel biomarkers and suggesting that other pathomechanisms may drive diabetic bone fragility. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are secreted into the circulation from cells of various tissues proportional to local disease severity and were recently found to be crucial to bone homeostasis and T2D. Here, we studied, if and which circulating miRNAs or combinations of miRNAs can discriminate best fracture status in a well-characterized study of diabetic bone disease and postmenopausal osteoporosis (n = 80 postmenopausal women)...
June 27, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Vahid Bayati, Mohammad Reza Abbaspour, Fereshteh Negad Dehbashi, Niloofar Neisi, Mahmoud Hashemitabar
Polycaprolactone (PCL) is used as a material of choice for surgical sutures, wound dressings, contraceptives, fixation devices and dentistry in paramedical sciences. In addition, adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been shown to be effective in the treatment of acute and chronic wounds. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of electrospun PCL fibers on keratinocyte differentiation of ASCs and wound healing. PCL solution was electrospun and characterized. Isolated and characterized ASCs were differentiated into keratinocyte-like cells on a tissue culture plate (TCP) and PCL matrices and compared...
June 21, 2016: Anatomical Science International
Yu-Hee Kim, Minhwa Park, Kyung-Ah Cho, Bo-Kyung Kim, Jung-Hwa Ryu, So-Youn Woo, Kyung-Ha Ryu
Osteoporosis is a disease that affects 35% women and 20% men aged more than 65 years. Reduction in bone formation and increased bone resorption are known factors that drive osteoporosis, but recent studies suggest a positive correlation between bone marrow adipose tissue (MAT) and osteoporosis. Previously, we have observed that tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (T-MSCs) reduce MAT in a mouse model of bone marrow depletion. That prompted us to investigate on the senile osteoporosis to characterize the bone-forming effect, as well as MAT-reducing effect of T-MSCs...
August 1, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Min Hee Park, Boa Song, Seungpyo Hong, Sang Heon Kim, Kangwon Lee
Invasion and metastasis of cancer directly related to human death have been associated with interactions among many different types of cells and three-dimensional (3D) tissue matrices. Precise mechanisms related to cancer invasion and metastasis still remain unknown due to their complexities. Development of tumor microenvironment (TME)-mimicking system could play a key role in understanding cancer environments and in elucidating the relating phenomena and their driving forces. Here we report a facile and novel platform of 3D cancer cell-clusters using human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hASCs) and breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231) within a collagen gel matrix to show cancer invasion in the cell and extracellular matrix (ECM)...
July 5, 2016: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Sang Ah Yi, Sung Hee Um, Jaecheol Lee, Ji Hee Yoo, So Young Bang, Eun Kyung Park, Min Gyu Lee, Ki Hong Nam, Ye Ji Jeon, Jong Woo Park, Jueng Soo You, Sang-Jin Lee, Gyu-Un Bae, Jong Won Rhie, Sara C Kozma, George Thomas, Jeung-Whan Han
S6K1 has been implicated in a number of key metabolic responses, which contribute to obesity. Critical among these is the control of a transcriptional program required for the commitment of mesenchymal stem cells to the adipocytic lineage. However, in contrast to its role in the cytosol, the functions and targets of nuclear S6K1 are unknown. Here, we show that adipogenic stimuli trigger nuclear translocation of S6K1, leading to H2BS36 phosphorylation and recruitment of EZH2 to H3, which mediates H3K27 trimethylation...
May 5, 2016: Molecular Cell
D Kami, T Kitani, T Kawasaki, S Gojo
Direct reprogramming of differentiated cells to pluripotent stem cells has great potential to improve our understanding of developmental biology and disorders such as cancers, and has implications for regenerative medicine. In general, the effects of transcription factors (TFs) that are transduced into cells can be influenced by pre-existing transcriptional networks and epigenetic modifications. However, previous work has identified four key TFs, Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc, which can reprogram various differentiated cells to generate induced pluripotent stem cells...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
Gisela Pachón-Peña, Carolina Serena, Miriam Ejarque, Jordi Petriz, Xevi Duran, W Oliva-Olivera, Rafael Simó, Francisco J Tinahones, Sonia Fernández-Veledo, Joan Vendrell
UNLABELLED: Adipose tissue is a major source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which possess a variety of properties that make them ideal candidates for regenerative and immunomodulatory therapies. Here, we compared the immunophenotypic profile of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) from lean and obese individuals, and explored its relationship with the apparent altered plasticity of hASCs. We also hypothesized that persistent hypoxia treatment of cultured hASCs may be necessary but not sufficient to drive significant changes in mature adipocytes...
April 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Clara R Correia, Rogério P Pirraco, Mariana T Cerqueira, Alexandra P Marques, Rui L Reis, João F Mano
A new concept of semipermeable reservoirs containing co-cultures of cells and supporting microparticles is presented, inspired by the multi-phenotypic cellular environment of bone. Based on the deconstruction of the "stem cell niche", the developed capsules are designed to drive a self-regulated osteogenesis. PLLA microparticles functionalized with collagen I, and a co-culture of adipose stem (ASCs) and endothelial (ECs) cells are immobilized in spherical liquified capsules. The capsules are coated with multilayers of poly(L-lysine), alginate, and chitosan nano-assembled through layer-by-layer...
2016: Scientific Reports
Kunxi Zhang, Shifeng Yan, Guifei Li, Lei Cui, Jingbo Yin
The success of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) based articular cartilage tissue engineering is limited by the presence of fibrous tissue in generated cartilage, which is associated with the current scaffold strategy that promotes cellular adhesion and spreading. Here we design a non-fouling scaffold based on amide bonded poly(l-glutamic acid) (PLGA) and chitosan (CS) to drive adipose stem cells (ASCs) to aggregate to form multicellular spheroids with diameter of 80-110 μm in-situ. To illustrate the advantage of the present scaffolds, a cellular adhesive scaffold based on the same amide bonded PLGA and CS was created through a combination of air-drying and freeze-drying to limit the hydration effect while also achieving porous structure...
December 2015: Biomaterials
Dorothee Lasrich, Alexander Bartelt, Thomas Grewal, Joerg Heeren
Several studies in mice indicate a role for apolipoprotein E (APOE) in lipid accumulation and adipogenic differentiation in adipose tissue. However, little is yet known if APOE functions in a similar manner in human adipocytes. This prompted us to compare lipid loading and expression of adipocyte differentiation markers in APOE-deficient and control adipocytes using the differentiated human mesenchymal stem cell line hMSC-Tert as well as primary human and mouse adipocytes as model systems. Differentiated hMSC-Tert were stably transduced with or without siRNA targeting APOE while murine adipocytes were isolated from wild type and Apoe knockout mice...
September 10, 2015: Experimental Cell Research
Balázs Csóka, Pál Pacher, Péter Bai, György Haskó
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Diabetes
Assia Eljaafari, Maud Robert, Marwa Chehimi, Stephanie Chanon, Christine Durand, Guillaume Vial, Nadia Bendridi, Anne-Marie Madec, Emmanuel Disse, Martine Laville, Jennifer Rieusset, Etienne Lefai, Hubert Vidal, Luciano Pirola
Obesity, through low-grade inflammation, can drive insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. While infiltration of adipose tissue (AT) with mononuclear cells (MNCs) is well established in obesity, the functional consequences of these interactions are less understood. Herein, we cocultured human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) from obese individuals with MNCs and analyzed their reciprocal behavior. Presence of ASCs 1) enhanced interleukin (IL)-17A secretion by Th17 cells, 2) inhibited γ-interferon and tumor necrosis factor α secretion by Th1 cells, and 3) increased monocyte-mediated IL-1β secretion...
July 2015: Diabetes
Nicholas R Labriola, Eric M Darling
Adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ASCs) respond heterogeneously when exposed to lineage-specific induction medium. Variable responses at the single-cell level can be observed in the production of lineage-specific metabolites, expression of mRNA transcripts, and adoption of mechanical phenotypes. Understanding the relationship between the biological and mechanical characteristics for individual ASCs is crucial for interpreting how cellular heterogeneity affects the differentiation process. The goal of the current study was to monitor the gene expression of peroxisome proliferator receptor gamma (PPARG) in adipogenically differentiating ASC populations over two weeks, while also characterizing the expression-associated mechanical properties of individual cells using atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
April 13, 2015: Journal of Biomechanics
Eunna Chung, Julie A Rytlewski, Arjun G Merchant, Kabir S Dhada, Evan W Lewis, Laura J Suggs
Engineered three-dimensional biomaterials are known to affect the regenerative capacity of stem cells. The extent to which these materials can modify cellular activities is still poorly understood, particularly for adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). This study evaluates PEGylated fibrin (P-fibrin) gels as an ASC-carrying scaffold for encouraging local angiogenesis by comparing with two commonly used hydrogels (i.e., collagen and fibrin) in the tissue-engineering field. Human ASCs in P-fibrin were compared to cultures in collagen and fibrin under basic growth media without any additional soluble factors...
April 2015: Acta Biomaterialia
James M Phang, Wei Liu, Chad N Hancock, Joseph W Fischer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Proline metabolism impacts a number of regulatory targets in both animals and plants and is especially important in cancer. Glutamine, a related amino acid, is considered second in importance only to glucose as a substrate for tumors. But proline and glutamine are interconvertible and linked in their metabolism. In animals, proline and glutamine have specific regulatory functions and their respective physiologic sources. A comparison of the metabolism of proline and glutamine would help us understand the importance of these two nonessential amino acids in cancer metabolism...
January 2015: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Chad Deisenroth, Michael B Black, Salil Pendse, Linda Pluta, Sam M Witherspoon, Patrick D McMullen, Russell S Thomas
Adipose stem cell (ASC) differentiation is necessary for the proper maintenance and function of adipose tissue. The procurement and characterization of multipotent ASCs has enabled investigation into the molecular determinants driving human adipogenesis. Here, the transcription factor MYC was identified as a significant regulator of ASC differentiation. Expression of MYC transcript and protein was found to accumulate during the initial course of differentiation. Loss-of-function analysis using siRNA mediated knockdown of MYC demonstrated inhibition of hormonally stimulated adipogenesis...
2014: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"