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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430148/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-partially-amputated-finger-using-a-customized-ring-wire-substructure
#1
Siddharth Mehta, B Leela, Abha Karanjkar, Arpit J Halani
Defects of fingers or hands due to congenital reasons or trauma can be a catastrophic setback to an individual physically, emotionally, and psychologically. An artificial finger prosthesis is a lucrative option to camouflage such defects. The anatomy of the residual stump of the defect is of extreme importance and will dictate the mode of retention to be used, and the level of esthetics one can expect. Despite the availability of the advanced skills, best of materials, and laboratory support, sometimes, the anatomy of the defect may be a hindrance in furnishing a better prosthesis...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393881/the-role-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-vulvar-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#2
REVIEW
Giulio Tosti, Anna Daniela Iacobone, Eleonora Petra Preti, Sabina Vaccari, Alessia Barisani, Elisabetta Pennacchioli, Carmen Cantisani
BACKGROUND: vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia is a non-invasive precursor lesion found in 50-70% of patients affected by vulvar squamous cell carcinoma. In the past, radical surgery was the standard treatment for vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, however, considering the psychological and physical morbidities related to extensive surgery, several less aggressive treatment modalities have been proposed since the late 1970s. Photodynamic therapy is an effective and safe treatment for cutaneous non-melanoma skin cancer, with favorable cosmetic outcomes...
February 2, 2018: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339194/vaginal-construction-and-treatment-providers-experiences-a-qualitative-analysis
#3
Katrina Roen, Sarah M Creighton, Peter Hegarty, Lih-Mei Liao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate specialist clinicians' experiences of treating vaginal agenesis. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews. SETTING: 12 hospitals in Sweden and the UK. SAMPLE: 32 health professionals connected to multidisciplinary teams including medical specialists and psychologists. METHODS: Theoretical thematic analysis of recorded verbatim data. RESULTS: The gynecologist and psychologist interviewees share certain observations including the importance of psychological readiness for and appropriate timing of treatment...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335053/facial-nerve-paresis-case-report-of-blunt-facial-nerve-injury
#4
John M Kim, Michael J Ryhn, Thomas R Stark
Facial nerve paresis is an uncommon but concerning condition in the pediatric population. The function and anatomy of the facial nerve is complex, and injuries to this structure may be associated with devastating physiological and psychological implications for the affected child and family. The purpose of this paper was to report a case involving a six-year-old Caucasian female who suffered a blunt traumatic injury to the orofacial region resulting in partial paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve. Following the injury, the child was unable to fully elevate the corner of her mouth...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298475/neuropelveology-an-emerging-discipline-for-the-management-of-chronic-pelvic-pain
#5
REVIEW
Marc Possover, Karl-Erik Andersson, Axel Forman
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common condition involving multiple, organ-specific medical specialties, each with its own approach to diagnosis and treatment. Management requires knowledge of the interplay between pelvic organ function and neuro-functional anatomy, and of the neurologic and psychological aspects of CPP, but no current specialty fully encompasses this approach. Neuropelveology is an emerging discipline focusing on pathologies of the pelvic nervous system on a cross-disciplinary basis. It involves a neurological/neurosurgical approach, combining the knowledge required for a proper neurologic diagnosis, confirmation by transvaginal/transrectal examination of the pelvic nerves, and advanced laparoscopic surgery in selected cases of CPP...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291495/prenatal-and-early-postnatal-stress-and-later-life-inflammation
#6
Jolene Masters Pedersen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Maarten Rozing, Helle Brunsgaard, Rikke Hodal Meincke, Gitte Lindved Petersen, Rikke Lund
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that maternal psychological and social stress during the prenatal period and in childhood represent an important condition that may adversely impact the anatomy and physiology of the developing child with implications for a number of health-related conditions and disorders. In a large prospective study, we aim to address if social stressors in the prenatal and early postnatal periods, as individual exposures as well as their accumulation, are associated with a range of inflammatory markers in late middle-aged offspring...
December 21, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291241/pseudoneglect-in-visual-search-behavioral-evidence-and-connectional-constraints-in-simulated-neural-circuitry
#7
Onofrio Gigliotta, Tal Seidel Malkinson, Orazio Miglino, Paolo Bartolomeo
Most people tend to bisect horizontal lines slightly to the left of their true center (pseudoneglect) and start visual search from left-sided items. This physiological leftward spatial bias may depend on hemispheric asymmetries in the organization of attentional networks, but the precise mechanisms are unknown. Here, we modeled relevant aspects of the ventral and dorsal attentional networks (VAN and DAN) of the human brain. First, we demonstrated pseudoneglect in visual search in 101 right-handed psychology students...
November 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#8
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197121/the-clinical-anatomy-of-fibromyalgia
#9
REVIEW
Shehzad Khalid, Emily Simonds, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by pain and a spectrum of psychological comorbidities, rendering treatment difficult, and often a financial burden. Findings regarding diagnosis, prevalence, comorbidities, and potential pathophysiological links are discussed herein. Fibromyalgia is a complex disorder and there are specific criteria that patients must meet for diagnosis, including scores on fibromyalgia questionnaires, commonalities of age, gender, menopause status, sleep disturbances, and mood symptoms...
December 2, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176520/baccalaureate-nursing-students-perceptions-regarding-autopsy-experiences
#10
Emily J Cannon, Renee N Bauer
PURPOSE: Since 2012, a medical-surgical nursing course at a midsized state university has provided the opportunity for students to view autopsies with a board-certified forensic pathologist. The autopsies are performed at a midsized hospital relatively close to the campus. The purpose of this study was to discover nursing students' perceptions that emerged during the autopsy experience. METHODS: A convenience sample of 23 baccalaureate nursing students took part in the autopsy experience over a 4-month period...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137026/implantation-of-artificialiris-a-customflex-irisprosthesis-in-a-trauma-patient-with-an-artisan-lens-a-case-report-and-review
#11
Farideh Doroodgar, Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Feizollah Niazi, Sana Niazi, Azad Sanginabadi
PURPOSE: To evaluate probable complications of ArtificialIris implantation with iris fixated intraocular lens. METHOD: Development of photophobia, glare, and psychological strain during face-to-face communication in a 23-year-old man with a widespread traumatic iris defect terminate to make a decision for performing implantation of an ArtificialIris (Humanoptics, Erlangen, Germany) under the remnant iris without removing the patient's existing Artisan lens. RESULTS: Without any intraoperative or postoperative complications, the patient's visual acuity increased by 1 line, the endothelial cell loss was comparable with the cell loss associated with standard cataract surgery, and the anterior-chamber depth and anterior-chamber anatomy did not change...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071790/stress-and-quality-of-life-among-parents-of-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-referred-for-psychological-services
#12
Astrida Kaugars, Clarissa Shields, Cheryl Brosig
OBJECTIVE: The study examined parent stress and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among families of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) referred for psychological services. METHODS: Parents of 54 children (85% boys) aged 3 to 13 (Mage  = 7.48, SD = 2.38) completed measures to assess parenting stress (Parenting Stress Index - Short Form; Pediatric Inventory for Parents) and the PedsQL Family Impact Module. Medical information was retrieved from medical record review...
October 25, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034701/urological-issues-following-gender-reassignment-surgery
#13
Iffy Middleton, Fiona Ann Holden
It has been estimated that 0.2% of the UK population identifies as transgender. For those who seek gender reassignment, the pathway can involve the expertise of multiple disciplines, including primary care, psychology, endocrinology and speech and language therapy. A small but significant number of the transgender population will also elect to undergo gender-affirming genital surgery in order to achieve gender congruence. In the UK, very few specialist centres provide genital gender-affirming surgery for trans-men and women...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968758/large-scale-meta-analysis-suggests-low-regional-modularity-in-lateral-frontal-cortex
#14
Alejandro de la Vega, Tal Yarkoni, Tor D Wager, Marie T Banich
Extensive fMRI study of human lateral frontal cortex (LFC) has yet to yield a consensus mapping between discrete anatomy and psychological states, partly due to the difficulty of inferring mental states from brain activity. Despite this, there have been few large-scale efforts to map the full range of psychological states across the entirety of LFC. Here, we used a data-driven approach to generate a comprehensive functional-anatomical mapping of LFC from 11 406 neuroimaging studies. We identified putatively separable LFC regions on the basis of whole-brain co-activation, revealing 14 clusters organized into 3 whole-brain networks...
September 11, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922736/reduced-white-matter-integrity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-diffusion-tensor-imaging-study
#15
Taiga Ninomiya, Harumi Oshita, Yoshihisa Kawano, Chiharu Goto, Mai Matsuhashi, Koji Masuda, Fuku Takita, Toshihiko Izumi, Ayako Inoue, Haruka Higuma, Masayuki Kanehisa, Jotaro Akiyoshi
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions. BPD may be linked to an abnormal brain anatomy, but little is known about possible impairments of the white matter microstructure in BPD or their relationship with impulsivity or risky behaviors. The aims of the present study were to explore the relationship between BPD and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters and psychological tests. METHODS: We evaluated 35 un-medicated BPD patients in a medication-free state and 50 healthy controls (HCs)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835986/-complex-vulvar-reconstruction-following-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#16
REVIEW
D M O'Dey
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a worldwide problem affecting millions of women and is especially common in Africa and Arabia. Women suffer from serious physical and psychological problems. Anatomic reconstruction, therefore, is an important and life-changing option for many affected women. OBJECTIVES: This work gives a short overview of specialized techniques invented by the author for functional and aesthetic vulvar reconstruction following FGM/C...
October 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816300/-combination-of-periodontal-orthodontic-and-endodontic-therapy-in-upper-anterior-teeth-with-hopeless-prognosis-and-long-time-follow-up-a-case-report
#17
Y Li, L Xu, Y H Zhou, X Y Ouyang, T Cao
It is complicated to decide the treatment plan of hopeless anterior teeth in esthetic zone due to severe periodontitis, periodontal-endodontic combined lesion or teeth trauma. The optional treatment plan for this kind of teeth includes retention after periodontal treatment, extraction and implant treatment, extraction and prosthodontic treatment and so on. To make an appropriate treatment plan, patients' periodontal conditions, periodontal biotype, local anatomy, esthetic demand, economic condition and social psychological status should be comprehensively considered...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673602/platelet-rich-plasma-as-a-minimally-invasive-approach-to-uterine-prolapse
#18
E L Chrysanthopoulou, V Pergialiotis, D Perrea, S Κourkoulis, C Verikokos, S K Doumouchtsis
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a major health problem that affects many women with potentially severe physical and psychological impact as well as impact on their daily activities, and quality of life. Several surgical techniques have been proposed for the treatment of POP. The FDA has published documents that refer to concerns about the use of synthetic meshes for the treatment of prolapse, in view of the severe complications that may occur. These led to hesitancy in use of these meshes and partial increase in use of other biological grafts such as allografts and xenografts...
July 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365848/attenuation-of-cortical-activity-triggering-descending-pain-inhibition-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#19
Yohei Matsuo, Jiro Kurata, Miho Sekiguchi, Katsuhiro Yoshida, Takuya Nikaido, Shin-Ichi Konno
PURPOSE: A considerable portion of chronic low back pain (cLBP) patients lack anatomical abnormality, resist conventional therapeutic interventions, and their symptoms are often complicated with psychological and social factors. Such patients have been reported to show cerebral abnormalities both in anatomy and function by neuroimaging studies. Here we examined differences in cerebral reactivity to a simulated low back pain stimulus between cLBP patients and healthy controls by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and their behavioral correlates from a psychophysical questionnaire...
August 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363187/the-impact-of-anal-sphincter-injury-on-perceived-body-image
#20
David Iles, Rabia Khan, Kristina Naidoo, Rohna Kearney, Jenny Myers, Fiona Reid
OBJECTIVE: Obstetric anal sphincter injury is common but the effect on body image is unreported. The aim of this study was to explore patient perceived changes in body image and other psychological aspects in women attending a perineal follow-up clinic. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study analysed women's responses to a self-reported questionnaire. Consecutive women with anal sphincter injury who attended a United Kingdom Maternity Hospital perineal follow-up clinic between January 1999 and January 2012 were identified and the records obtained and reviewed...
May 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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