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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589121/sigmund-freud-early-network-theories-of-the-brain
#1
REVIEW
Werner Surbeck, Tim Killeen, Johannes Vetter, Gerhard Hildebrandt
Since the early days of modern neuroscience, psychological models of brain function have been a key component in the development of new knowledge. These models aim to provide a framework that allows the integration of discoveries derived from the fundamental disciplines of neuroscience, including anatomy and physiology, as well as clinical neurology and psychiatry. During the initial stages of his career, Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), became actively involved in these nascent fields with a burgeoning interest in functional neuroanatomy...
March 27, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574816/current-and-evolving-trends-in-the-management-of-facial-fractures
#2
N Vujcich, D Gebauer
The oral and maxillofacial region has a complex regional anatomy including hard and soft tissues. Trauma in this region may affect the airway, cause potentially life threatening bleeding and head injuries. The senses of olfaction, sight and hearing can also be disrupted as well as a profound psychological impact following disfigurement. This oral and maxillofacial trauma update provides information on demographics, incidence, pathophysiology, diagnosis, fracture patterns and management of facial trauma. It also discusses the role of new advancements in the management of facial trauma...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573456/unilateral-hypertrophy-of-the-labia-minora-a-case-series
#3
Scarlett Boulos, Adam I Rubin, Albert C Yan, Patrick J McMahon, Marissa J Perman
Asymmetric hypertrophy of the labia minora is a variant of normal anatomy that has not been described in the pediatric dermatology literature. Although often asymptomatic, in some cases, it can cause functional, emotional, and psychological problems. We report the clinical characteristics and outcomes of four children who presented with unilateral labium minus hypertrophy. This case series aims to establish awareness of this condition among pediatric dermatologists and provide recommendations regarding management...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537745/-preservation-of-sexual-function-a-challenge-for-the-colorectal-surgeon
#4
Émilie Liot, Nicolas Christian Buchs, Jacques Klein, Boris Schiltz, Philippe Morel, Frederic Ris
Patients with rectal cancer have an increased risk of developing sexual disorders. These dysfunctions are caused by the disease itself (negative psychological impact, nerve compression in the pelvis), as well as by the treatments (radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery). Most sexual disorders are due to the surgery and can be attributed to injuries of the retroperitoneal nerves. Sexuality assessment of patients before and after treatment, a precise knowledge of the pelvic anatomy by the surgeon, and an appropriate care by specialists (gynaecologists, urologists and sexologists) are essential to reduce the risk of sexual disorders and to minimize their impact on overall quality of life...
March 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499016/a-guide-for-cortical-electrical-stimulation-mapping
#5
Elson L So, Abdulrahman Alwaki
Electrical stimulation mapping (ESM) of the brain remains a major procedure for guiding epilepsy and tumor surgeries. This article collates available experiences and data in ESM to develop a guide for conducting the procedure. There are many factors that influence the yield of ESM. The stimulation parameters offered in this article need to be adjusted within safe limits to address the factors. Each ESM procedure should be tailored to the patient's age and baseline mental or psychological capacity. Stimulation-induced seizures and EEG afterdischarges disrupt ESM procedure and render the interpretation of the results difficult...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464154/v-shaped-internal-nasal-vestibular-flap-for-reconstruction-of-iatrogenic-columellar-defect
#6
Sara Tanini, Giulia Lo Russo
Columella is an important structure in the center of the face, and its structural integrity has an important functional, social, and psychological role. Columella reconstruction can be very challenging for surgeons and the ideal technique remains elusive. This article describes a reconstruction technique in a young woman with columella necrosis due to nasal continuous positive airway pressure treatment. The method of reconstruction described here, with a V-shaped internal nasal vestibular flap and a cartilage grafts from lateral crura, is simple and easily reproducible, providing an optimal aesthetic result and in addition the donor site does not create a secondary deformity by disrupting normal anatomy...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430148/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-partially-amputated-finger-using-a-customized-ring-wire-substructure
#7
Siddharth Mehta, B Leela, Abha Karanjkar, Arpit J Halani
Defects of fingers or hands due to congenital reasons or trauma can be a catastrophic setback to an individual physically, emotionally, and psychologically. An artificial finger prosthesis is a lucrative option to camouflage such defects. The anatomy of the residual stump of the defect is of extreme importance and will dictate the mode of retention to be used, and the level of esthetics one can expect. Despite the availability of the advanced skills, best of materials, and laboratory support, sometimes, the anatomy of the defect may be a hindrance in furnishing a better prosthesis...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393881/the-role-of-photodynamic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-vulvar-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#8
REVIEW
Giulio Tosti, Anna Daniela Iacobone, Eleonora Petra Preti, Sabina Vaccari, Alessia Barisani, Elisabetta Pennacchioli, Carmen Cantisani
BACKGROUND: vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia is a non-invasive precursor lesion found in 50-70% of patients affected by vulvar squamous cell carcinoma. In the past, radical surgery was the standard treatment for vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia, however, considering the psychological and physical morbidities related to extensive surgery, several less aggressive treatment modalities have been proposed since the late 1970s. Photodynamic therapy is an effective and safe treatment for cutaneous non-melanoma skin cancer, with favorable cosmetic outcomes...
February 2, 2018: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339194/vaginal-construction-and-treatment-providers-experiences-a-qualitative-analysis
#9
Katrina Roen, Sarah M Creighton, Peter Hegarty, Lih-Mei Liao
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate specialist clinicians' experiences of treating vaginal agenesis. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews. SETTING: Twelve hospitals in Britain and Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two health professionals connected to multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) including medical specialists and psychologists. INTERVENTIONS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Theoretical thematic analysis of recorded verbatim data...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335053/facial-nerve-paresis-case-report-of-blunt-facial-nerve-injury
#10
John M Kim, Michael J Ryhn, Thomas R Stark
Facial nerve paresis is an uncommon but concerning condition in the pediatric population. The function and anatomy of the facial nerve is complex, and injuries to this structure may be associated with devastating physiological and psychological implications for the affected child and family. The purpose of this paper was to report a case involving a six-year-old Caucasian female who suffered a blunt traumatic injury to the orofacial region resulting in partial paralysis of the seventh cranial nerve. Following the injury, the child was unable to fully elevate the corner of her mouth...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298475/neuropelveology-an-emerging-discipline-for-the-management-of-chronic-pelvic-pain
#11
REVIEW
Marc Possover, Karl-Erik Andersson, Axel Forman
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common condition involving multiple, organ-specific medical specialties, each with its own approach to diagnosis and treatment. Management requires knowledge of the interplay between pelvic organ function and neuro-functional anatomy, and of the neurologic and psychological aspects of CPP, but no current specialty fully encompasses this approach. Neuropelveology is an emerging discipline focusing on pathologies of the pelvic nervous system on a cross-disciplinary basis. It involves a neurological/neurosurgical approach, combining the knowledge required for a proper neurologic diagnosis, confirmation by transvaginal/transrectal examination of the pelvic nerves, and advanced laparoscopic surgery in selected cases of CPP...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291495/prenatal-and-early-postnatal-stress-and-later-life-inflammation
#12
Jolene Masters Pedersen, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Dinne Skjærlund Christensen, Maarten Rozing, Helle Brunsgaard, Rikke Hodal Meincke, Gitte Lindved Petersen, Rikke Lund
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that maternal psychological and social stress during the prenatal period and in childhood represent an important condition that may adversely impact the anatomy and physiology of the developing child with implications for a number of health-related conditions and disorders. In a large prospective study, we aim to address if social stressors in the prenatal and early postnatal periods, as individual exposures as well as their accumulation, are associated with a range of inflammatory markers in late middle-aged offspring...
February 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291241/pseudoneglect-in-visual-search-behavioral-evidence-and-connectional-constraints-in-simulated-neural-circuitry
#13
Onofrio Gigliotta, Tal Seidel Malkinson, Orazio Miglino, Paolo Bartolomeo
Most people tend to bisect horizontal lines slightly to the left of their true center (pseudoneglect) and start visual search from left-sided items. This physiological leftward spatial bias may depend on hemispheric asymmetries in the organization of attentional networks, but the precise mechanisms are unknown. Here, we modeled relevant aspects of the ventral and dorsal attentional networks (VAN and DAN) of the human brain. First, we demonstrated pseudoneglect in visual search in 101 right-handed psychology students...
November 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#14
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197121/the-clinical-anatomy-of-fibromyalgia
#15
REVIEW
Shehzad Khalid, Emily Simonds, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs
Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by pain and a spectrum of psychological comorbidities, rendering treatment difficult, and often a financial burden. Findings regarding diagnosis, prevalence, comorbidities, and potential pathophysiological links are discussed herein. Fibromyalgia is a complex disorder and there are specific criteria that patients must meet for diagnosis, including scores on fibromyalgia questionnaires, commonalities of age, gender, menopause status, sleep disturbances, and mood symptoms...
December 2, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176520/baccalaureate-nursing-students-perceptions-regarding-autopsy-experiences
#16
Emily J Cannon, Renee N Bauer
PURPOSE: Since 2012, a medical-surgical nursing course at a midsized state university has provided the opportunity for students to view autopsies with a board-certified forensic pathologist. The autopsies are performed at a midsized hospital relatively close to the campus. The purpose of this study was to discover nursing students' perceptions that emerged during the autopsy experience. METHODS: A convenience sample of 23 baccalaureate nursing students took part in the autopsy experience over a 4-month period...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137026/implantation-of-artificialiris-a-customflex-irisprosthesis-in-a-trauma-patient-with-an-artisan-lens-a-case-report-and-review
#17
Farideh Doroodgar, Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Feizollah Niazi, Sana Niazi, Azad Sanginabadi
PURPOSE: To evaluate probable complications of ArtificialIris implantation with iris fixated intraocular lens. METHOD: Development of photophobia, glare, and psychological strain during face-to-face communication in a 23-year-old man with a widespread traumatic iris defect terminate to make a decision for performing implantation of an ArtificialIris (Humanoptics, Erlangen, Germany) under the remnant iris without removing the patient's existing Artisan lens. RESULTS: Without any intraoperative or postoperative complications, the patient's visual acuity increased by 1 line, the endothelial cell loss was comparable with the cell loss associated with standard cataract surgery, and the anterior-chamber depth and anterior-chamber anatomy did not change...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071790/stress-and-quality-of-life-among-parents-of-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-referred-for-psychological-services
#18
Astrida Kaugars, Clarissa Shields, Cheryl Brosig
OBJECTIVE: The study examined parent stress and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among families of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) referred for psychological services. METHODS: Parents of 54 children (85% boys) aged 3 to 13 (Mage  = 7.48, SD = 2.38) completed measures to assess parenting stress (Parenting Stress Index - Short Form; Pediatric Inventory for Parents) and the PedsQL Family Impact Module. Medical information was retrieved from medical record review...
October 25, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034701/urological-issues-following-gender-reassignment-surgery
#19
Iffy Middleton, Fiona Ann Holden
It has been estimated that 0.2% of the UK population identifies as transgender. For those who seek gender reassignment, the pathway can involve the expertise of multiple disciplines, including primary care, psychology, endocrinology and speech and language therapy. A small but significant number of the transgender population will also elect to undergo gender-affirming genital surgery in order to achieve gender congruence. In the UK, very few specialist centres provide genital gender-affirming surgery for trans-men and women...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968758/large-scale-meta-analysis-suggests-low-regional-modularity-in-lateral-frontal-cortex
#20
Alejandro de la Vega, Tal Yarkoni, Tor D Wager, Marie T Banich
Extensive fMRI study of human lateral frontal cortex (LFC) has yet to yield a consensus mapping between discrete anatomy and psychological states, partly due to the difficulty of inferring mental states from brain activity. Despite this, there have been few large-scale efforts to map the full range of psychological states across the entirety of LFC. Here, we used a data-driven approach to generate a comprehensive functional-anatomical mapping of LFC from 11 406 neuroimaging studies. We identified putatively separable LFC regions on the basis of whole-brain co-activation, revealing 14 clusters organized into 3 whole-brain networks...
September 11, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
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