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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365848/attenuation-of-cortical-activity-triggering-descending-pain-inhibition-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#1
Yohei Matsuo, Jiro Kurata, Miho Sekiguchi, Katsuhiro Yoshida, Takuya Nikaido, Shin-Ichi Konno
PURPOSE: A considerable portion of chronic low back pain (cLBP) patients lack anatomical abnormality, resist conventional therapeutic interventions, and their symptoms are often complicated with psychological and social factors. Such patients have been reported to show cerebral abnormalities both in anatomy and function by neuroimaging studies. Here we examined differences in cerebral reactivity to a simulated low back pain stimulus between cLBP patients and healthy controls by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and their behavioral correlates from a psychophysical questionnaire...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363187/the-impact-of-anal-sphincter-injury-on-perceived-body-image
#2
David Iles, Rabia Khan, Kristina Naidoo, Rohna Kearney, Jenny Myers, Fiona Reid
OBJECTIVE: Obstetric anal sphincter injury is common but the effect on body image is unreported. The aim of this study was to explore patient perceived changes in body image and other psychological aspects in women attending a perineal follow-up clinic. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study analysed women's responses to a self-reported questionnaire. Consecutive women with anal sphincter injury who attended a United Kingdom Maternity Hospital perineal follow-up clinic between January 1999 and January 2012 were identified and the records obtained and reviewed...
May 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314908/anatomy-and-aesthetics-of-the-labia-minora-the-ideal-vulva
#3
REVIEW
C Clerico, A Lari, A Mojallal, F Boucher
Female genital cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more widespread both in the field of plastic and gynaecological surgery. The increased demand for vulvar surgery is spurred by the belief that the vulva is abnormal in appearance. What is normal in terms of labial anatomy? Labia minora enlargement or hypertrophy remains a clinical diagnosis which is poorly defined as it could be considered a variation of the normal anatomy. Enlarged labia minora can cause functional, aesthetic and psychosocial problems. In reality, given the wide variety of vulvar morphology among people, it is a very subjective issue to define the "normal" vulva...
March 10, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296272/ergonomic-analysis-of-the-surgical-position-in-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#4
Vijay R Ramakrishnan, Benjamin M Milam
BACKGROUND: Ergonomics is the methodologic study of people's efficiency in their work environment and is based on anatomy, physiology, psychology, and engineering. Although highly studied in other work environments, little attention has been paid to surgeons until the landmark survey by Park et al in 2010. Many unique aspects of endoscopic surgery amplify task-related physical discomfort, and, because of these issues, we aimed to study the physical fatigue effects of functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) performed in the standing and sitting positions...
March 15, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277482/the-role-of-prosthesis-spacer-for-ocular-prostheses
#5
Luiza Alencar De Andrade Figueiredo, Aline Araújo Sampaio, Samilly Evangelista Souza, Fernando José Rigolin Ferreira, Edmur Pereira Buzzá, Celia Marisa Rizzatti-Barbosa
Eye defects can lead to emotional, psychological, and social changes, impacting negatively the quality of life of the patient. When these structures cannot be satisfactorily repaired by reconstructive surgery, the prosthetic rehabilitation is the better treatment option to restore lost ocular anatomy and promote the social integration of the individual. The aim of this clinical report is to report and discuss a case of ocular prosthesis confection eviscerated patient with opening limitation eyelid and shortening of the distance between palpebral commissure, to obtain a more natural and comfortable to the patient ocular rehabilitation...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248411/reflective-journals-unmasking-student-perceptions-of-anatomical-education
#6
Lelika Lazarus, Reshma Sookrajh, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
In medical education, reflection has been considered to be a core skill in professional competence. The anatomy laboratory is an ideal setting for faculty/student interaction and provides invaluable opportunities for active learning and reflection on anatomical knowledge. This study was designed to record student attitudes regarding human cadaveric dissection, explore their experiences of anatomy through an analysis of their journal-reflective writings and determine whether this type of creative writing had a beneficial effect on those students who chose to complete them...
March 1, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217452/a-review-of-penile-elongation-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Jeffrey Campbell, Joshua Gillis
Penile elongation surgery is less commonly performed in the public sector, but involves a collaborative approach between urology and plastic surgery. Congenital and acquired micropenis are the classic surgical indications for penile elongation surgery. The goal of intervention in these patients is to restore a functional penis size in order to allow normal standing micturition, enable satisfying sexual intercourse and improve patient quality of life. Many men seeking elongation actually have normal length penises, but perceive themselves to be small, a psychologic condition termed 'penile dysmorphophobia'...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214491/relationship-between-patient-reported-symptoms-limitations-in-daily-activities-and-psychological-impact-in-varicose-veins
#8
Rajiv Mallick, Brajesh Kumar Lal, Claire Daugherty
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between patient-reported symptoms, functional limitations, and psychological impact of varicose veins (VVs) vs pathophysiologic mechanism, incorporating demographic and behavioral factors. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis from two clinical studies (Efficacy and Safety Study of Polidocanol Injectable Foam for the Treatment of Saphenofemoral Junction Incompetence [VANISH-1] and Polidocanol Endovenous Microfoam Versus Vehicle for the Treatment of Saphenofemoral Junction Incompetence [VANISH-2]) in patients with VVs (superficial venous reflux only)...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012842/reconstruction-of-the-isolated-columellar-defect-a-novel-2-stage-technique-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Brian S Pan, Anthony T Vu, Scott J Rapp, Nick J Saenger
The importance of the nasal complex cannot be overstated from a functional, social, and psychological perspective. The goal of reconstruction is to restore the trilaminar composition of the nose. This is accomplished by recreating the nasal lining and providing a cartilaginous framework to simultaneously support a patent airway and project the defining features to the overlying soft tissue. The columella is one of the smallest subunits of the nose, but the loss of this structure has important esthetic and structural implications...
April 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#10
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755933/psychoradiology-the-frontier-of-neuroimaging-in-psychiatry
#11
Su Lui, Xiaohong Joe Zhou, John A Sweeney, Qiyong Gong
Unlike neurologic conditions, such as brain tumors, dementia, and stroke, the neural mechanisms for all psychiatric disorders remain unclear. A large body of research obtained with structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography/single photon emission computed tomography, and optical imaging has demonstrated regional and illness-specific brain changes at the onset of psychiatric disorders and in individuals at risk for such disorders. Many studies have shown that psychiatric medications induce specific measurable changes in brain anatomy and function that are related to clinical outcomes...
November 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678547/female-genital-cosmetic-surgery-a-cross-sectional-survey-exploring-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-general-practitioners
#12
M Simonis, R Manocha, J J Ong
OBJECTIVE: To explore general practitioner's (GP) knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Australia. SAMPLE: GPs who attended a women's health seminar and GPs who subscribed to a non-governmental, national health professional organisation database that provides education to primary care professionals. METHOD: A national online survey of GPs was conducted for the 10-week period, starting 1 week prior and 2 months after a Women's Health seminar was held in Perth on 8 August 2015...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594187/new-insulin-delivery-recommendations
#13
REVIEW
Anders H Frid, Gillian Kreugel, Giorgio Grassi, Serge Halimi, Debbie Hicks, Laurence J Hirsch, Mike J Smith, Regine Wellhoener, Bruce W Bode, Irl B Hirsch, Sanjay Kalra, Linong Ji, Kenneth W Strauss
Many primary care professionals manage injection or infusion therapies in patients with diabetes. Few published guidelines have been available to help such professionals and their patients manage these therapies. Herein, we present new, practical, and comprehensive recommendations for diabetes injections and infusions. These recommendations were informed by a large international survey of current practice and were written and vetted by 183 diabetes experts from 54 countries at the Forum for Injection Technique and Therapy: Expert Recommendations (FITTER) workshop held in Rome, Italy, in 2015...
September 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519459/archeological-insights-into-hominin-cognitive-evolution
#14
Thomas Wynn, Frederick L Coolidge
How did the human mind evolve? How and when did we come to think in the ways we do? The last thirty years have seen an explosion in research related to the brain and cognition. This research has encompassed a range of biological and social sciences, from epigenetics and cognitive neuroscience to social and developmental psychology. Following naturally on this efflorescence has been a heightened interest in the evolution of the brain and cognition. Evolutionary scholars, including paleoanthropologists, have deployed the standard array of evolutionary methods...
July 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492951/translational-relevance-of-swine-models-of-spinal-cord-injury
#15
Dominic T Schomberg, Gurwattan S Miranpuri, Abhishek Chopra, Kush Patel, Jennifer J Meudt, Armando Tellez, Daniel K Resnick, Dhanansayan Shanmuganayagam
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a physically and psychologically devastating clinical condition. The typical treatment regimens of decompressive surgery and rehabilitation therapy still leave many patients with permanent disability. The development of new therapies and devices can be accelerated if relevant translational animal models are more effectively used in pre-clinical stages. Swine is a highly relevant model for SCI research, especially with respect to spine and spinal cord anatomy, spine vasculature, immune responses to injury, and functional assessments...
February 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377402/-correction-of-congenital-malformations-by-custom-made-silicone-implants-contribution-of-computer-aided-design-experience-of-611%C3%A2-cases
#16
J P Chavoin, B Chaput, I Garrido, B Moreno, M Dahan, J L Grolleau
INTRODUCTION: Modern techniques of computer-aided design and tridimensional prototyping for manufacturing silicone elastomer custom implants are growing. They have widely modified the surgical indications in our unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By presenting their experience of 611 cases managed between 1993 and 2016, the authors describe the method of conception from CT-scans, the virtual image of the body and the manufacture of the custom-made implant perfectly adapted to the anatomy of each one...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317630/is-the-volume-of-the-caudate-nuclei-associated-with-area-of-secondary-hyperalgesia-protocol-for-a-3-tesla-mri-study-of-healthy-volunteers
#17
Morten Sejer Hansen, Mohammad Sohail Asghar, Jørn Wetterslev, Christian Bressen Pipper, Johan Johan Mårtensson, Lino Becerra, Anders Christensen, Janus Damm Nybing, Inger Havsteen, Mikael Boesen, Jørgen Berg Dahl
BACKGROUND: Experience and development of pain may be influenced by a number of physiological, psychological, and psychosocial factors. In a previous study we found differences in neuronal activation to noxious stimulation, and microstructural neuroanatomical differences, when comparing healthy volunteers with differences in size of the area of secondary hyperalgesia following a standardized burn injury. OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate the degree of association between the volume of pain-relevant structures in the brain and the size of the area of secondary hyperalgesia following brief thermal sensitization...
June 17, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307242/large-scale-meta-analysis-of-human-medial-frontal-cortex-reveals-tripartite-functional-organization
#18
Alejandro de la Vega, Luke J Chang, Marie T Banich, Tor D Wager, Tal Yarkoni
UNLABELLED: The functional organization of human medial frontal cortex (MFC) is a subject of intense study. Using fMRI, the MFC has been associated with diverse psychological processes, including motor function, cognitive control, affect, and social cognition. However, there have been few large-scale efforts to comprehensively map specific psychological functions to subregions of medial frontal anatomy. Here we applied a meta-analytic data-driven approach to nearly 10,000 fMRI studies to identify putatively separable regions of MFC and determine which psychological states preferentially recruit their activation...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274128/nerve-sparing-clitoroplasty-in-a-rare-case-of-idiopathic-clitoromegaly
#19
Abha Rani Kujur, Vijay Joseph, Praveen Chandra
Clitoromegaly is an embarrassing condition causing psychological stress, requiring intervention. The goals of clitoroplasty are to achieve normal genital anatomy and to preserve tactile sensation with a satisfactory sexual response. We present a rare case of idiopathic clitoromegaly managed by reduction clitoroplasty, preserving the dorsal neurovascular bundle and extensive network of nerves around the corpora to the glans and the creation of labia minora.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230218/the-human-brainnetome-atlas-a-new-brain-atlas-based-on-connectional-architecture
#20
Lingzhong Fan, Hai Li, Junjie Zhuo, Yu Zhang, Jiaojian Wang, Liangfu Chen, Zhengyi Yang, Congying Chu, Sangma Xie, Angela R Laird, Peter T Fox, Simon B Eickhoff, Chunshui Yu, Tianzi Jiang
The human brain atlases that allow correlating brain anatomy with psychological and cognitive functions are in transition from ex vivo histology-based printed atlases to digital brain maps providing multimodal in vivo information. Many current human brain atlases cover only specific structures, lack fine-grained parcellations, and fail to provide functionally important connectivity information. Using noninvasive multimodal neuroimaging techniques, we designed a connectivity-based parcellation framework that identifies the subdivisions of the entire human brain, revealing the in vivo connectivity architecture...
August 2016: Cerebral Cortex
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