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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#1
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912067/uncovering-nursing-students-views-of-their-relationship-with-educators-in-a-university-context-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#2
Zenobia C Y Chan, Chien Wai Tong, Saras Henderson
INTRODUCTION: Power dynamics is a key element in the educator-student relationship, and can be influential to the learning outcomes of students. BACKGROUND: Power relations are inherent in the interaction between educators and students. The educator-student relationship is still an under-explored area of power dynamics. AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate nursing students' perceptions of the power dynamics in the educator-student relationship in a university learning context in order to offer educators some understanding of how such a relationship was perceived by students...
November 27, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911083/nonlinear-growth-models-as-measurement-models-a-second-order-growth-curve-model-for-measuring-potential
#3
Daniel McNeish, Denis Dumas
Recent methodological work has highlighted the promise of nonlinear growth models for addressing substantive questions in the behavioral sciences. In this article, we outline a second-order nonlinear growth model in order to measure a critical notion in development and education: potential. Here, potential is conceptualized as having three components-ability, capacity, and availability-where ability is the amount of skill a student is estimated to have at a given timepoint, capacity is the maximum amount of ability a student is predicted to be able to develop asymptotically, and availability is the difference between capacity and ability at any particular timepoint...
December 2, 2016: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911014/the-effectiveness-of-an-outdoor-adventure-programme-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-controlled-study
#4
Ditza A Zachor, Shira Vardi, Shani Baron-Eitan, Inbal Brodai-Meir, Noa Ginossar, Esther Ben-Itzchak
AIM: Outdoor adventure programmes aim to improve interpersonal relationships using adventurous activities. The current study examined the effectiveness of an outdoor adventure programme in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHOD: The study included 51 participants (40 males, 11 females; age 3y 4mo-7y 4mo) enrolled in ASD special education kindergartens. Only the intervention group (n=30) participated in the outdoor adventure programme for 13 weeks, completing challenging physical activities that required cooperation and communication with peers and instructors...
December 2, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909568/implementation-of-minimal-invasive-gynaecological-surgery-certification-will-challenge-gynaecologists-with-new-legal-and-ethical-issues
#5
V Tanos, R Socolov, P Demetriou, M Kyprianou, A Watrelot, Y Van Belle, R Campo
The introduction of a certification / diploma program in Minimal Invasive Surgery (MIS) is expected to improve surgical performance, patient's safety and outcome. The Gynaecological Endoscopic Surgical Education and Assessment programme (GESEA) and the ESHRE Certification for Reproductive Endoscopic Surgery (ECRES) provides a structured learning path, recognising different pillars of competence. In order to achieve a high level of competence a two steps validation is necessary: (a) the individual should be certified of having the appropriate theoretical knowledge and (b) the endoscopic psychomotor skills before entering in the diploma programme reflecting the surgical competence...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909067/concept-and-evaluation-of-the-german-war-surgery-course-einsatzchirurgie-kurs-der-bundeswehr
#6
David A Back, K Waldmann, T Hauer, N Huschitt, M W Bowyer, U Wesemann, A Lieber, C Willy
INTRODUCTION: Military surgeons must be prepared to care for severe and complex life-threatening injuries rarely seen in the civilian setting. Typical civilian training and practice do not provide adequate exposure to the broad set of surgical skills required. The German Bundeswehr Medical Service has developed and refined the War Surgery Course (WSC) to meet this training gap. This article describes the recent experience with this readiness curriculum. METHODS: Run annually since 1998, WSC consists nowadays of 5 days with 20 theoretical modules...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909042/how-australian-general-practitioners-engage-in-discussions-about-alcohol-with-their-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Emma R Miller, Imogen J Ramsey, Ly Thi Tran, George Tsourtos, Genevieve Baratiny, Ramesh Manocha, Ian N Olver
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate factors that inhibit and facilitate discussion about alcohol between general practitioners (GPs) and patients. DESIGN: Data analysis from a cross-sectional survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 894 GP delegates of a national health seminar series held in five capital cities of Australia in 2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Likelihood of routine alcohol enquiry; self-assessed confidence in assessing and managing alcohol issues in primary healthcare...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909017/early-environmental-field-research-career-exploration-an-analysis-of-impacts-on-precollege-apprentices
#8
Susan K Flowers, Katherine M Beyer, Maria Pérez, Donna B Jeffe
Research apprenticeships offer opportunities for deep understanding of scientific practice, transparency about research careers, and possible transformational effects on precollege youth. We examined two consecutive field-based environmental biology apprenticeship programs designed to deliver realistic career exploration and connections to research scientists. The Shaw Institute for Field Training (SIFT) program combines introductory field-skills training with research assistance opportunities, and the subsequent Tyson Environmental Research Fellowships (TERF) program provides immersive internships on university field station-based research teams...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908645/a-brief-measure-of-language-skills-at-3-years-of-age-and-special-education-use-in-middle-childhood
#9
Laura Lee McIntyre, William E Pelham, Matthew H Kim, Thomas J Dishion, Daniel S Shaw, Melvin N Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To test whether a language screener administered during early childhood predicts special education referrals and placement in middle childhood. STUDY DESIGN: A series of logistic regressions was conducted in a longitudinal study of 731 children. Predictor variables included scores on the early language screener (Fluharty Preschool Speech and Language Screening Test-Second Edition [Fluharty-2]) at ages 3 and 4 years, a standardized measure of academic achievement at age 5 years, and parent report of special education services at ages 7...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907982/learners-perspective-where-and-when-pre-residency-trainees-learn-more-to-achieve-their-core-clinical-competencies
#10
Eusang Ahn, Ducksun Ahn, Young-Mee Lee
PURPOSE: While it is known that effective clinical education requires active involvement of its participants, regular feedback, communication skills and interprofessional training, limited studies have been conducted in Korea that demonstrate how pre-residency trainees acquire their core clinical skills. This is a cross-sectional study of interns and students across a third-tier university hospital in Korea to examine where and when they acquire core clinical skills. METHODS: A total of 74 students and 91 interns were asked to participate in a closed-ended questionnaire, and 50 participants (20 students and 30 interns) were involved in semistructured individual interviews...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906980/patterns-of-sexual-behavior-in-lowland-thai-youth-and-ethnic-minorities-attending-high-school-in-rural-chiang-mai-thailand
#11
Linda Aurpibul, Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul, Patou Masika Musumari, Kriengkrai Srithanaviboonchai, Surapee Tarnkehard
INTRODUCTION: The rural areas of Northern Thailand are home to a large cultural diversity of ethnic minority groups. Previous studies have shown that young people in rural Thailand have low levels of knowledge on HIV/AIDS and high sexual risks. We compared sexual behaviors between the lowland Thai youth and the youth from ethnic minority groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This is a cross-sectional quantitative study conducted among high-school Thai and ethnic students in Chiang Mai...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906522/educating-executive-function
#12
REVIEW
Clancy Blair
Executive functions are thinking skills that assist with reasoning, planning, problem solving, and managing one's life. The brain areas that underlie these skills are interconnected with and influenced by activity in many different brain areas, some of which are associated with emotion and stress. One consequence of the stress-specific connections is that executive functions, which help us to organize our thinking, tend to be disrupted when stimulation is too high and we are stressed out, or too low when we are bored and lethargic...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904613/the-facilitators-and-impediment-factors-of-midwifery-student-s-empowerment-in-pregnancy-and-delivery-care-a-qualitative-study
#13
Mojgan Janighorban, Nikoo Yamani, Hojatollah Yousefi
BACKGROUND: The organizational environment and its existing context may deeply affect on empowerment of individuals. In educational institutions as well as other organizations, students are going to be powerful when opportunities for growth and achievement of power are provided for them in learning and educational environments. This study has been carried out to explain the facilitators and impediment factors of midwifery student's empowerment in pregnancy and delivery care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current qualitative study has been conducted with participation of 15 midwifery senior students, 10 midwifery academic teachers, and 2 employed midwives in educational hospitals...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904237/do-physiotherapists-have-the-skill-to-engage-in-the-psychological-in-the-bio-psychosocial-approach
#14
Joanne Connaughton, William Gibson
Purpose: To describe a cross-sectional exploration of attitudes of physiotherapists in general practice in Western Australia toward psychiatry and mental illness, how often they treat people with mental illness, their perceptions of how well their undergraduate education prepared them to work with these people, and their opinions about what further education would enable them to provide best-practice care. Methods: A questionnaire that included questions about participants' demographic information, personal experiences with mental illness, the Attitudes to Psychiatry (ATP-30), and open-ended questions about participants' preparedness to work with people with mental illness was distributed through 110 email contacts to physiotherapy departments in Western Australia...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903769/education-for-the-next-frontier-in-patient-safety-a-longitudinal-resident-curriculum-on-diagnostic-error
#15
Emily Ruedinger, Maren Olson, Justin Yee, Emily Borman-Shoap, Andrew P J Olson
Diagnostic error is a common, serious problem that has received increased attention recently for its impact on both patients and providers. Presently, most graduate medical education programs do not formally address this topic. The authors developed and evaluated a longitudinal, multimodule resident curriculum about diagnostic error and medical decision making. Key components of the curriculum include demystifying the medical decision-making process, building skills in critical thinking, and providing strategies for diagnostic error mitigation...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903488/information-and-communication-technologies-for-the-dissemination-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-to-health-professionals-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Gino De Angelis, Barbara Davies, Judy King, Jessica McEwan, Sabrina Cavallo, Laurianne Loew, George A Wells, Lucie Brosseau
BACKGROUND: The transfer of research knowledge into clinical practice can be a continuous challenge for researchers. Information and communication technologies, such as websites and email, have emerged as popular tools for the dissemination of evidence to health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to identify research on health professionals' perceived usability and practice behavior change of information and communication technologies for the dissemination of clinical practice guidelines...
November 30, 2016: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903257/what-do-antenatal-care-providers-understand-and-do-about-oral-health-care-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-new-south-wales-australia
#17
Ajesh George, Hannah G Dahlen, Jennifer Reath, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Andrew Korda, Harrison Ng Chok, Charmaine Miranda, Amy Villarosa, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: There is mounting evidence to support the lack of awareness among pregnant women about health consequences and long term risks associated with poor oral hygiene during pregnancy. A recognised and important point of influence is their interaction with health professionals, particularly when receiving Antenatal Care. However, there is limited evidence about the perceptions of ANC providers in Australia toward the provision of perinatal oral healthcare. This study was undertaken to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Antenatal Care (ANC) providers in New South Wales (NSW), Australia providing perinatal oral healthcare and to identify barriers to and predictors of their practices in this area...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903077/approaches-to-learning-among-occupational-therapy-undergraduate-students-a-cross-cultural-study
#18
Ted Brown, Kenneth N K Fong, Tore Bonsaksen, Tan Hwei Lan, Yuki Murdolo, Pablo Cruz Gonzalez, Lim Hua Beng
BACKGROUND: Students may adopt various approaches to academic learning. Occupational therapy students' approaches to study and the impact of cultural context have not been formally investigated to date. AIM: To examine the approaches to study adopted by undergraduate occupational therapy students from four different cultural settings. METHOD: 712 undergraduate occupational therapy students (n = 376 from Australia, n = 109 from Hong Kong, n = 160 from Norway and n = 67 from Singapore) completed the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST)...
November 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903047/adding-random-case-analysis-to-direct-observation-arcado-updating-the-external-clinical-teaching-visit-to-improve-general-practice-registrar-assessments
#19
Gerard Ingham, Jennifer Fry, Bernadette Ward
BACKGROUND: In response to the advent of competency-based training and the increase in the number of general practice registrars, the Australian general practice education community is seeking valid, reliable, time-efficient and cost-efficient tools to assess registrars. Despite the central role of the external clinical teaching visit (ECTV) in formative assessment of general practice registrars, the ECTV has been an infrequent subject of research or evaluation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to report on the development of a new approach to ECTV that adds random case analysis to direct observation of consultations - ARCADO ECTV...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902135/no-wonder-nurses-feel-demotivated
#20
A Matossian
Nurses are expected to be highly educated and take on more medical-related tasks, but they get no recognition for their work or the skills they have.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
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