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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341857/development-of-visibility-forecasting-modelling-framework-for-the-lower-fraser-valley-of-british-columbia-using-canada-s-regional-air-quality-deterministic-prediction-system
#1
Rita So, Andrew Teakles, Jonathan Baik, Roxanne Vingarzan, Keith Jones
Visibility degradation, one of the most noticeable indicators of poor air quality, can occur despite relatively low levels of particulate matter when the risk to human health is low. The availability of timely and reliable visibility forecasts can provide a more comprehensive understanding of the anticipated air quality conditions to better inform local jurisdictions and the public. This paper describes the development of a visibility forecasting modelling framework, which leverages the existing air quality and meteorological forecasts from Canada's operational Regional Air Quality Deterministic Prediction System (RAQDPS) for the Lower Fraser Valley of British Columbia...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341818/medicine-as-it-should-be-teaching-team-and-teamwork-during-a-palliative-care-clerkship
#2
Barbara A Head, Christian Davis Furman, Andrew M Lally, Kimberly Leake, Mark Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) is an important component of medical education. Rotations with palliative care interdisciplinary teams (IDTs) provide an optimal environment for IPE and teaching teamwork skills. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the learning of senior medical students during a palliative care rotation. DESIGN: A constant comparison method based on grounded theory was used in this qualitative study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Senior medical students completed a semi-structured reflective writing exercise after a required one-week palliative care clerkship...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341815/development-and-validation-of-simulated-virtual-patients-to-impart-early-clinical-exposure-in-endocrine-physiology
#3
Akriti Gupta, Satendra Singh, Farah Khaliq, Upreet Dhaliwal, S V Madhu
In the country presently, preclinical medical students are not routinely exposed to real patients. Thus, when they start clinical postings, they are found to have poor clinical reasoning skills. Simulated virtual patients (SVPs) can improve clinical skills without endangering real patients. This pilot study describes the development of two SVPs in endocrine physiology and their validation in terms of acquisition of clinical knowledge and student engagement. Two SVPs, Nandini Sharma (unintentional weight gain) and Sunil Yadav (polyuria), were created and published on the i-Human Patients platform through an iterative, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary collaborative process using the conceptual framework of Kim et al...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341442/motivating-influences-and-ability-based-outcomes-of-dental-hygiene-baccalaureate-education-in-canada
#4
Z Kanji, D M Laronde
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies on Canadian baccalaureate dental hygienists. As discussions about baccalaureate education for dental hygiene continue on a national level, examining outcomes of earning a dental hygiene degree is paramount. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivating reasons and ability-based outcomes of earning a Bachelor of Dental Science in Dental Hygiene (BDSc) degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. METHODS: UBC dental hygiene entry-to-practice (ETP) and degree-completion (DC) graduates (n = 116; 32%) from 1994 to 2016 participated in an online mixed-methods survey...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341110/eurogin-roadmap-2017-triage-strategies-for-the-management-of-hpv-positive-women-in-cervical-screening-programmes
#5
REVIEW
K Cuschieri, G Ronco, A Lorincz, L Smith, G Ogilvie, L Mirabello, F Carozzi, H Cubie, N Wentzensen, P Snijders, M Arbyn, J Monsonego J, S Franceschi
Cervical cancer screening will rely, increasingly, on HPV testing as a primary screen. The requirement for triage tests which can delineate clinically significant infection is thus prescient. In this EUROGIN 2017 roadmap, justification behind the most evidenced triages is outlined, as are challenges for implementation. Cytology is the triage with the most follow-up data; the existence of an HR-HPV positive, cytology negative group presents a challenge and re-testing intervals for this group (and choice of re-test) require careful consideration...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340756/differential-effect-of-a-patient-education-transition-intervention-in-adolescents-with-ibd-vs-diabetes
#6
Silke Schmidt, Henriette Markwart, Franziska Bomba, Holger Muehlan, Annette Findeisen, Martina Kohl, Ingo Menrath, Ute Thyen
Patient education programs (PEPs) to improve disease management are part of standard and regular treatment in adolescents with diabetes. In Germany, youth with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) receive individual counseling but not PEPs in group settings. Generic PEPs have been developed in order to improve transition from child-centered to adolescent health services. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a transition-oriented PEP on quality of life (QoL) and self-management in young patients with IBD (PEP naive), compared to patients with diabetes (familiar with PEPs)...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340725/decision-making-in-management-of-the-complex-trauma-patient-changing-the-mindset-of-the-non-trauma-surgeon
#7
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
BACKGROUND: European surgeons are frequently subspecialized and trained primarily in elective surgical techniques. As trauma leaders, they may occasionally have to deal with complex polytrauma, advanced management techniques, differing priorities, and the need for multidisciplinary care. There is a lack of expertise, experience, and a low trauma volume, as well as a lack of research, with limited support as to the decision-making and teaching challenges present. We studied what experienced trauma experts describe as the challenges that are specific to the advanced surgical decision-making required, whether civilian, humanitarian, or military...
January 16, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340549/teaching-model-for-evaluation-of-the-ability-and-competence-progress-in-endosuture-in-surgical-skill-laboratory
#8
Luiz Gonzaga de Moura-Júnior, Almino Ramos, Josemberg Marins Campos, Álvaro Antônio Ferraz, Hermano Ângelo Lima Rocha, Grijalva Otávio Costa
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic manual suturing is probably the most difficult skill to be acquired in minimally invasive surgery. However, laparoscopic exercise endo-sutures can be learned with a simulator and are of great practical importance and clinical applicability, absorbing concepts that are immediately transferred to the operating room. AIM: To assess the progression of skills competence in endo-sutures through realistic simulation model of systematized education...
October 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339931/assessment-of-knowledge-and-skills-in-information-literacy-instruction-for-rehabilitation-sciences-students-a-scoping-review
#9
Jill T Boruff, Pamela Harrison
Objective: This scoping review investigates how knowledge and skills are assessed in the information literacy (IL) instruction for students in physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech-language pathology, regardless of whether the instruction was given by a librarian. The objectives were to discover what assessment measures were used, determine whether these assessment methods were tested for reliability and validity, and provide librarians with guidance on assessment methods to use in their instruction in evidence-based practice contexts...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338585/the-effects-of-a-nutrition-media-literacy-intervention-on-parents-and-youths-communication-about-food
#10
Erica Weintraub Austin, Bruce W Austin, Brian F French, Marilyn A Cohen
Interventions addressing links between media exposure and obesity risk for school-age youth have not explicitly addressed the role of family communication about media. Youths' influence attempts on parents to purchase advertised foods can create conflict and negatively affect parental food choices. This study tested whether a family-based media literacy curriculum improves parents' media management skills and decreases youths' susceptibility to appealing but unrealistic food marketing. A matched-group pretest/posttest field experiment of parent-youth dyads with control group (N = 100 dyads, youth M = 11 years of age) tested the six-session curriculum...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338278/the-effects-of-interprofessional-diabetes-education-on-the-knowledge-of-medical-dentistry-and-nursing-students
#11
Maja Račić, Bojan N Joksimović, Smiljka Cicmil, Srebrenka Kusmuk, Nedeljka Ivković, Natalija Hadživuković, Milan Kulić, Biljana Mijović, Mirjana Mirić, Vedrana R Joksimović, Milena Dubravac
OBJECTIVES: Interprofessional teamwork is best attained through education that promotes mutual trust and effective communication. The primary aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of interprofessional learning on knowledge about diabetes. METHODS: The cross-sectional study included students of medicine, dentistry and nursing at the Faculty of Medicine Foča, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The students were randomly allocated into one of two groups. Group 1 attended an interprofessional course on diabetes while group 2 was divided into three subgroups and each of the subgroups attended an uniprofessional diabetes course...
November 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337995/evaluation-of-a-community-based-intervention-to-improve-maternal-and-neonatal-health-service-coverage-in-the-most-rural-and-remote-districts-of-zambia
#12
Choolwe Jacobs, Charles Michelo, Mumbi Chola, Nicholas Oliphant, Hikabasa Halwiindi, Sitali Maswenyeho, Kumar Sridutt Baboo, Mosa Moshabela
BACKGROUND: A community-based intervention comprising both men and women, known as Safe Motherhood Action Groups (SMAGs), was implemented in four of Zambia's poorest and most remote districts to improve coverage of selected maternal and neonatal health interventions. This paper reports on outcomes in the coverage of maternal and neonatal care interventions, including antenatal care (ANC), skilled birth attendance (SBA) and postnatal care (PNC) in the study areas. METHODOLOGY: Three serial cross-sectional surveys were conducted between 2012 and 2015 among 1,652 mothers of children 0-5 months of age using a 'before-and-after' evaluation design with multi-stage sampling, combining probability proportional to size and simple random sampling...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337427/outcomes-from-the-first-helene-fuld-health-trust-national-institute-for-evidence-based-practice-in-nursing-and-healthcare-invitational-expert-forum
#13
Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Lynn Gallagher-Ford, Cindy Zellefrow, Sharon Tucker, Laurel Van Dromme, Bindu Koshy Thomas
BACKGROUND: Even though multiple positive outcomes are the result of evidence-based care, including improvements in healthcare quality, safety, and costs, it is not consistently delivered by clinicians in healthcare systems throughout the world. AIMS: In an attempt to accelerate the implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) across the United States, an invitational Interprofessional National EBP Forum to determine major priorities for the advancement of EBP was held during the launch of the newly established Helene Fuld Health Trust National Institute for Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and Healthcare at The Ohio State University College of Nursing...
January 16, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336833/education-for-ecmo-providers-using-education-science-to-bridge-the-gap-between-clinical-and-educational-expertise
#14
REVIEW
Lindsay Johnston, Susan B Williams, Anne Ades
A well-organized educational curriculum for the training of both novice and experienced ECMO providers is critical for the continued function of an institutional ECMO program. ELSO provides guidance for the education for ECMO specialists, physicians and staff, which incorporates "traditional" instructor-centered educational methods, such as didactic lectures and technical skill training. Novel research suggests utilization of strategies that align with principles of adult learning to promote active learner involvement and reflection on how the material can be applied to understand existing and new constructs may be more effective...
January 11, 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336830/interdisciplinary-development-and-implementation-of-a-dementia-skills-training-program-in-a-va-community-living-center-a-pilot-study
#15
Lindsay A Gerolimatos, Kyle S Page, Phyllis Balestracci, Kate L M Hinrichs
This pilot study investigates the usefulness of a dementia care training program developed by an interdisciplinary team to address problem behaviors associated with dementia. Staff members of a VA Community Living Center completed an 8-hour workshop covering fundamental knowledge about dementia and instruction in skills to use with patients through video, lecture, and role-plays. Measures on dementia knowledge and perceived self-efficacy were completed by staff members before and after the workshop. Results revealed increases in self-efficacy and knowledge, with particular gains in general knowledge of dementia and communicating with patients...
January 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336666/educational-needs-of-health-professionals-caring-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#16
Natalie K Bradford, Rebecca Greenslade, Rachel M Edwards, Rebekah Orford, Jane Roach, Roslyn Henney
BACKGROUND: Young people with cancer have distinct clinical and psychosocial needs during and after cancer treatment. However, as adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer is rare, and only recently recognized as specialty, health professionals may not have the skills, competence, and confidence to meet the needs of the young patient with cancer. The aim of this study was to identify the learning needs of health professionals providing cancer care to adolescents and young adults before and following the introduction of a state-wide AYA cancer education program...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336515/expectations-and-experiences-of-patients-with-osteoarthritis-undergoing-total-joint-arthroplasty-an-integrative-review
#17
Min Ting Alicia See, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Apphia Jia Qi Tan, Sok Ying Liaw
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of educational interventions for osteoarthritic patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty remains inconclusive. It is essential to understand the educational needs of these patients from their perspectives. AIM: The aim of this study was to systematically summarize and synthesize osteoarthritic patients' expectations and experiences in undergoing total joint arthroplasty to identify their educational needs. DESIGN: An integrative review was conducted...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336328/needs-realities-and-expectations-for-urology-training-questionaire-based-study
#18
Selcuk Sarikaya
OBJECTIVE: Urology residency training is a difficult and complex education period for urology residents. This education period differs in countries and mainly for 5 years. In this study, we aimed to assess the expectations and the realities for Turkish urology residents and to evaluate the adequacy of their education in the field of urology. METHODS: In this study, 113 Turkish urology residents have been included and residents were asked 24 questions related with their surgical skills, thoughts towards their educations, their future plans and including demographic information...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336326/-current-status-of-urological-education-in-spain
#19
Juan Gómez Rivas, Ramiro Cabello-Benavente, Gonzalo Bueno-Serrano, Moises Rodríguez Socarrás, Manuel Esteban Fuertes
INTRODUCTION: Urology is a medicalsurgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of medical and surgical conditions of the urinary tract and retroperitoneum in both sexes and of the male genital tract without age limit. The traditional method of training is based on the imitation of the skills and behaviors of the tutors, creating variability in the training between different centers and giving a passive role to resident internal physicians (MIR). LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK: The 2006 BOE establishes the specific formative content in its theoretical, practical and scientific facets...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336275/clinical-research-that-matters-designing-outcome-based-research-for-older-adults-to-qualify-for-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#20
Jeannie K Lee, Susan M Fosnight, Erica L Estus, Paula J Evans, Victoria B Pho, Shannon Reidt, Jeffrey C Reist, Christine M Ruby, Stephanie L Sibicky, Janel B Wheeler
Though older adults are more sensitive to the effects of medications than their younger counterparts, they are often excluded from manufacturer-based clinical studies. Practice-based research is a practical method to identify medication-related effects in older patients. This research also highlights the role of a pharmacist in improving care in this population. A single study rarely has strong enough evidence to change geriatric practice, unless it is a large-scale, multisite, randomized controlled trial that specifically targets older adults...
January 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
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