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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057187/modelling-and-manufacturing-of-a-3d-printed-trachea-for-cricothyroidotomy-simulation
#1
Gregory Doucet, Stephen Ryan, Michael Bartellas, Michael Parsons, Adam Dubrowski, Tia Renouf
Cricothyroidotomy is a life-saving medical procedure that allows for tracheal intubation. Most current cricothyroidotomy simulation models are either expensive or not anatomically accurate and provide the learner with an unrealistic simulation experience. The goal of this project is to improve current simulation techniques by utilizing rapid prototyping using 3D printing technology and expert opinions to develop inexpensive and anatomically accurate trachea simulators. In doing so, emergency cricothyroidotomy simulation can be made accessible, accurate, cost-effective and reproducible...
August 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056858/innovative-partnerships-to-advance-public-health-training-in-community-based-academic-residency-programs
#2
Joan C Lo, Thomas E Baudendistel, Abhay Dandekar, Phuoc V Le, Stanton Siu, Bruce Blumberg
Collaborative partnerships between community-based academic residency training programs and schools of public health, represent an innovative approach to training future physician leaders in population management and public health. In Kaiser Permanente Northern California, development of residency-Masters in Public Health (MPH) tracks in the Internal Medicine Residency and the Pediatrics Residency programs, with MPH graduate studies completed at the University of California Berkeley School of Public Health, enables physicians to integrate clinical training with formal education in epidemiology, biostatistics, health policy, and disease prevention...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055891/using-an-alumni-survey-to-target-improvements-in-an-emergency-medicine-training-programme
#3
Theodore Gaeta, Gowtham Mahalingam, Matthew Pyle, Aaron Dam, Annette Visconti
INTRODUCTION: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is the governing body responsible for accrediting graduate medical training programme in the USA. The Emergency Medicine Milestones (EM-Milestones) were developed by the ACGME and American Board of Emergency Medicine as a guide and monitoring tool for the knowledge, skills, abilities and experiences to be acquired during training. Alumni surveys have been reported as a valuable resource for training programme to identify areas for improvement; however, there are few studies regarding programme improvement in emergency medicine...
October 21, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054291/neuroscience-informed-psychoeducation-for-addiction-medicine-a-neurocognitive-perspective
#4
Hamed Ekhtiari, Tara Rezapour, Robin L Aupperle, Martin P Paulus
Psychoeducation (PE) is defined as an intervention with systematic, structured, and didactic knowledge transfer for an illness and its treatment, integrating emotional and motivational aspects to enable patients to cope with the illness and to improve its treatment adherence and efficacy. PE is considered an important component of treatment in both medical and psychiatric disorders, especially for mental health disorders associated with lack of insight, such as alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUDs). New advancements in neuroscience have shed light on how various aspects of ASUDs may relate to neural processes...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054263/nmsbuilder-freeware-to-create-subject-specific-musculoskeletal-models-for-opensim
#5
Giordano Valente, Gianluigi Crimi, Nicola Vanella, Enrico Schileo, Fulvia Taddei
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal modeling and simulations of movement have been increasingly used in orthopedic and neurological scenarios, with increased attention to subject-specific applications. In general, musculoskeletal modeling applications have been facilitated by the development of dedicated software tools; however, subject-specific studies have been limited also by time-consuming modeling workflows and high skilled expertise required. In addition, no reference tools exist to standardize the process of musculoskeletal model creation and make it more efficient...
December 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049425/comparison-of-internal-medicine-and-general-surgery-residents-assessments-of-risk-of-postsurgical-complications-in-surgically-complex-patients
#6
James M Healy, Kimberly A Davis, Kevin Y Pei
Importance: Anticipating postsurgical complications is a vital physician skill, particularly when counseling surgically complex patients on their risks of intervention. Although internists and surgeons both counsel patients on surgical risks, it is uncertain who is better equipped to accurately anticipate surgical complications. Objective: To examine how internal medicine and general surgery trainees compare in their assessment of risk of surgically complex patients...
October 11, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046810/competency-in-supportive-supervision-a-study-of-public-sector-medicines-management-supervisors-in-uganda
#7
Rachael Henry, Lynda Nantongo, Anita Katharina Wagner, Martha Embrey, Birna Trap
BACKGROUND: Supportive supervision has been found to be more effective than corrective fault-oriented inspections. Uganda's Ministry of Health in 2012 implemented a comprehensive strategy (SPARS) to build medicines management capacity in public sector health facilities. The approach includes supportive supervision. This structured observational study assesses supportive supervision competency among medicines management supervisors (MMS). METHOD: The study used structured observations of two groups of five purposely selected MMS-one group supervising facilities with greater medicines management improvement during one year of SPARS and one group with less improvement, based on quantitative metrics...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045990/electronic-health-record-impacts-on-family-medicine-teachers-survey-of-third-year-medical-student-clerkship-preceptors-at-an-academic-medical-center
#8
Elizabeth Curry, Tamara K Oser, Sean M Oser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Electronic Health Record (EHR) use in clinical practice has accelerated in recent years. While several aspects of EHR use have been extensively studied, there is little data on EHR impacts on medical student educators, especially those involved in outpatient family medicine. This study evaluated perceived impacts of EHR use on clinician teachers of outpatient family medicine. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods survey of clinicians who teach third-year medical students during the required family and community medicine outpatient clerkship at a Mid-Atlantic medical school...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045989/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-training-experience-among-family-medicine-residents-and-faculty
#9
Monica L Kasting, Courtney L Scherr, Karla N Ali, Paige Lake, Teri L Malo, Tracy Johns, Richard G Roetzheim, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Susan T Vadaparampil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Residency training is a pivotal time to establish skills for career-long practices, particularly for challenging skills such as human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine recommendation. Training experience and preferences related to delivering HPV vaccine recommendations were examined for family medicine (FM) residents and faculty. METHODS: Residents (n=28) and faculty (n=19) were identified through a national FM residency directory and recruited from training programs in Florida...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045988/postgraduate-experiences-with-an-advanced-reproductive-health-and-abortion-training-and-leadership-program
#10
Alison Block, Christine Dehlendorf, M Antonia Biggs, Sarah McNeil, Suzan Goodman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family physicians are critical to reproductive health service provision including miscarriage management and abortion care, but many graduates report barriers in integrating these services into practice. We designed and implemented CREATE (Continuing Reproductive Education for Advanced Training Efficacy), an elective advanced training and leadership program for senior residents aimed to help new graduates integrate miscarriage and abortion care into practice...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045622/international-exchanges-in-primary-care-learning-from-thy-neighbour
#11
Bernadeta Bridgwood, John Park, Claire Hawcroft, Natasha Kay, Eugene Tang
This systematic review describes how international exchange programmes in primary care have been received and evaluated. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, EBM reviews, CAB abstracts and PubMED) were searched to identify articles where the main focus of the study was exchanges undertaken in primary care/family medicine until March 2016. Articles were included if they (i) discussed participant exchanges in primary care; (ii) presented associated outcome data-this included (a) individual/group experience of exchange; (b) mechanism of exchange and (c) observations during the exchange...
October 14, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043944/courting-apocalypse-creating-a-zombie-themed-evidence-based-medicine-game
#12
Amy E Blevins, Elizabeth Kiscaden, Jason Bengtson
In 2015, two librarians at the Hardin Library for the Health Sciences at the University of Iowa turned their dreams into a reality and secured funding to build a zombie-themed evidence-based medicine game. The game features a "choose your own adventure" style that takes students through a scenario where a disease outbreak is taking place and a resident is asked to use evidence-based medicine skills to select a screening and diagnostic tool to use on potentially infected patients. Feedback on the game has been positive, and future plans include building additional modules on therapy, harm, and prognosis...
October 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034649/implementation-a-medical-simulation-curriculum-in-emergency-medicine-residency-program
#13
Amirhossein Jahanshir, Maryam Bahreini, Mohsen Banaie, Mohammad Jallili, Shahram Hariri, Fatemeh Rasooli, Hamed Sotoodehnia, Javad Seyed Hosseini, Arash Safaie, Ehsan Karimi, Ali Labaf, Hadi Mir Fazaelian, Elnaz Vahidi
Applying simulation in medical education is becoming more and more popular. The use of simulation in medical training has led to effective learning and safer care for patients. Nowadays educators have confronted with the challenge of respecting patient safety or bedside teaching. There is widespread evidence, supported by robust research, systematic reviews and meta-analysis, on how much effective simulation is. Simulation supports the acquisition of procedural, technical and non-technical skills through repetitive practice with feedbacks...
August 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031873/does-specialty-matter-a-survey-on-176-italian-neurosurgeons-and-orthopaedic-spine-surgeons-confirms-similar-competency-for-common-spinal-conditions-and-supports-multidisciplinary-teams-in-comprehensive-and-complex-spinal-care
#14
Matteo Pejrona, Gabriele Ristori, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Fabrizio Ernesto Pregliasco, Pedro Berjano
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spine surgery is a multi-faceted sub-speciality requiring a breadth of knowledge and skill from different branches of medicine for the treatment of pathologies varying from degenerative to deformity, oncological, and trauma. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the self-perceived competency of spine surgeons in relation to different types of spinal procedures. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Survey study. METHODS: We conducted a survey on 176 surgeons (Orthopaedic surgeons and Neurosurgeons)...
October 11, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030028/-alberic-pont-the-great-war-and-the-broken-faces
#15
N Sigaux, M Amiel, S Piotrovitch d'Orlik, P Breton
The First World War and the number of facial injuries made specialized trauma centers necessary. Alberic Pont was trained both in medicine and dentistry. He founded in Lyon one of the first French specialized wards, which received more than 7000 soldiers overall. Through his charisma, his skills, his creativity and his generosity, he must be considered as a symbol among the pioneers of maxillo-facial surgery, which was then at its early stage. The centenary of World War I is the occasion to shed light on this man who dedicated his career to those who were renamed "broken faces"...
October 10, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026844/an-interprofessional-collaboration-between-medicine-and-pharmacy-schools-designing-and-evaluating-a-teaching-program-on-practical-prescribing
#16
Mohammad Reza Javadi, Mina Khezrian, Anahita Sadeghi, Seyed Hossein Hajimiri, Kaveh Eslami
OBJECTIVE: Medical students need proper education in drug prescription. The aim of the present study is to introduce a course that improves the students' prescribing skills and also promotes an interprofessional collaboration between medicine and pharmacy schools. METHODS: This study was done in a skill laboratory at the pharmacotherapy department of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. The course was an 18-h interactive workshop in 3 days under the supervision of clinical pharmacists...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026060/unmet-needs-in-health-training-among-nurses-in-rural-chinese-township-health-centers-a-cross-sectional-hospital-based-study
#17
Yan Mo, Guijie Hu, Yanhua Yi, Yanping Ying, Huiqiao Huang, Zhongxian Huang, Jiafeng Lin
Purpose: Maintaining a sufficient and competent rural nursing workforce is important in Chinese health delivery system. However, few studies have involved in the health training status and needs assessment of rural Chinese nurses in great transformations of health policy. This study is to explore the current health training status and to ascertain needs perceived by nurses working in rural Chinese township health centers (THCs). Methods: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire was conducted to 240 THC nurses in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region, China from March 2014 to August 2014...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025807/examination-outcomes-and-work-locations-of-international-medical-graduate-family-medicine-residents-in-canada
#18
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
OBJECTIVE: To describe the postgraduate medical education (PGME) examination outcomes and work locations of international medical graduates (IMGs); and to identify differences between Canadians studying abroad (CSAs) and non-CSAs. DESIGN: Cohort study using data from the National IMG Database and Scott's Medical Database. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All IMGs who had first entered a family medicine residency program between 2005 and 2009, with the exclusion of US graduates, visa trainees, and fellowship trainees...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025354/cell-bound-complement-activation-products-as-lupus-biomarkers-diagnosis-monitoring-and-stratification
#19
Joseph M Ahearn, Chau-Ching Liu, Susan Manzi
Cell-bound complement activation products (CB-CAPs) were first reported in 2004, since which time multiple laboratories have demonstrated their value as biomarkers for diagnosis, monitoring, and stratification of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Areas Covered: This review summarizes the highlights of these 14 years of CB-CAPs discovery and validation, concluding with a view toward their future potential for precision medicine. Expert Commentary: The practice of medicine is both art and science and each physician can be considered both artist and scientist with a variable blend of the two skill sets...
October 13, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025302/medical-student-healthcare-consulting-groups-a-novel-way-to-train-the-next-generation-of-physician-executives
#20
Esther Y Hsiang, Andrew G Breithaupt, Peiyi Su, Andrew T Rogers, Niv Milbar, Sanjay V Desai
Meeting the challenges of the evolving healthcare environment requires leadership of physicians well-trained in clinical medicine and healthcare management. However, many physicians lack training in business and leadership. While some residency programs have management tracks, training at the medical school level is currently lacking. We developed the Hopkins Health Management Advisory Group, an extracurricular program at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine that exposes medical students to healthcare management and fosters development of leadership skills...
October 12, 2017: Medical Teacher
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