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Skills in medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449771/the-effectiveness-of-manual-physical-therapy-interventions-in-pediatric-patients-with-anterior-hip-pain-a-retrospective-study
#1
Mindy Galleher, Briana Crowe, Mitchell Selhorst
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to: (1) assess the benefit of adding manual therapy (MT) to physical therapy care in pediatric patients with anterior hip pain; (2) assess the relative risk of adverse reactions when MT is used; and (3) report the types of MT used. Methods: This study was a retrospective chart review of patients treated in a hospital-based sports medicine clinic. The charts of 201 patients (mean age = 14.23 ± 2.15 years) met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449251/enhanced-skills-in-family-medicine-update
#2
Francine Lemire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446873/laser-stimulating-st36-with-optical-fiber-induce-blood-component-changes-in-mice-a-raman-spectroscopy-study
#3
Heng Zhang, Zhenyi Chen, Jiping Wu, Na Chen, Wenjie Xu, Taihao Li, Shupeng Liu
ST36 is a commonly-used acupoint in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treatment of inflammations, pains and gastrointestinal disturbs. For decades,the low power laser acupuncture has been widely applied as an alternative therapy to traditional metal needle acupuncture and achieved relatively fine therapeutic effect for ST36-related symptoms with reduction of uncomfortableness and infection risks. However its disadvantages of low penetrativity and lack of manipulation skills limit its potential performance...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445922/education-on-the-business-of-plastic-surgery-during-training-a-survey-of-plastic-surgery-residents
#4
Steven A Ovadia, Kriya Gishen, Urmen Desai, Alejandro M Garcia, Seth R Thaller
BACKGROUND: Entrepreneurial skills are important for physicians, especially plastic surgeons. Nevertheless, these skills are not typically emphasized during residency training. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the extent of business training at plastic surgery residency programs as well as means of enhancing business training. METHODS: A 6-question online survey was sent to plastic surgery program directors for distribution to plastic surgery residents...
February 14, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444759/current-management-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-aging-women
#5
Andrea Giannini, Eleonora Russo, Antonio Cano, Peter Chedraui, Dimitrios G Goulis, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Patrice Lopes, Gita Mishra, Alfred Mueck, Margaret Rees, Levent M Senturk, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Pauliina Tuomikoski, Tommaso Simoncini
Management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common and challenging task. Nowadays older women are more active than they were in the past, and the development of POP disrupts quality of life and impairs social and personal activities. The menopausal transition is a time of vulnerability, during which many women start experiencing symptoms and signs of POP. The role of hormonal changes or of hormonal therapies in influencing the development or progression of POP has been explored extensively. The management of POP requires considerable clinical skills...
February 6, 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443717/anticipating-and-training-the-physician-of-the-future-the-importance-of-caring-in-an-age-of-artificial-intelligence
#6
S Claiborne Johnston
Artificial intelligence and other forms of information technology are only just beginning to change the practice of medicine. The pace of change is expected to accelerate as tools improve and as demands for analyzing a rapidly growing body of knowledge and array of data increase. The medical students of today will practice in a world where information technology is sophisticated and omnipresent. In this world, the tasks of memorization and analysis will be less important to them as practicing physicians. On the other hand, the non-analytical, humanistic aspects of medicine-most importantly, the art of caring-will remain a critical function of the physician, and facility with improving systems of care will be required...
February 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440814/effectiveness-of-the-certificate-course-in-essentials-of-palliative-care-program-on-the-knowledge-in-palliative-care-among-the-participants-a-cross-sectional-interventional-study
#7
Sushma Bhatnagar, Anuradha Patel
Background: Palliative medicine is an upcoming new specialty aimed at relieving suffering, improving quality of life and comfort care. There are many challenges and barriers in providing palliative care to our patients. The major challenge is lack of knowledge, attitude and skills among health-care providers. Objectives: Evaluate the effectiveness of the certificate course in essentials of palliative care (CCEPC) program on the knowledge in palliative care among the participants...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439086/using-photography-to-enhance-gp-trainees-reflective-practice-and-professional-development
#8
Rutherford, Emer Forde, Jacqueline Priego-Hernandez, Aurelia Butcher, Clare Wedderburn
The capacity and the commitment to reflect are integral to the practice of medicine and are core components of most general practitioners (GP) training programmes. Teaching through the humanities is a growing area within medical education, but one which is often considered a voluntary 'add-on' for the interested doctor. This article describes an evaluation of a highly innovative pedagogical project which used photography as a means to enhance GP trainees' reflective capacity, self-awareness and professional development...
February 8, 2018: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438963/health-professionals-and-coroners-views-on-less-invasive-perinatal-and-paediatric-autopsy-a-qualitative-study
#9
Celine Lewis, Melissa Hill, Owen J Arthurs, John C Hutchinson, Lyn S Chitty, Neil Sebire
OBJECTIVE: To assess health professionals' and coroners' attitudes towards non-minimally and minimally invasive autopsy in the perinatal and paediatric setting. METHODS: A qualitative study using semistructured interviews. Data were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Twenty-five health professionals (including perinatal/paediatric pathologists and anatomical pathology technologists, obstetricians, fetal medicine consultants and bereavement midwives, intensive care consultants and family liaison nurses, a consultant neonatologist and a paediatric radiologist) and four coroners participated...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438792/the-first-neurosurgery-boot-camp-in-southeast-asia-evaluating-impact-on-knowledge-and-regional-collaboration-in-yangon-myanmar
#10
Jack Rock, Roberta Glick, Isabelle M Germano, Robert Dempsey, John Zervos, Tyler Prentiss, Matthew Davis, Ernest Wright, Kyi Hlaing, Myat Thu, Zaw Wai Soe, Win Myaing
BACKGROUND: For the first time in Southeast Asia, a Fundamentals of Neurosurgery Boot Camp was held at the University of Medicine 1 in Yangon, Myanmar, February 24-26, 2017. The aim of this course was to teach and train fundamental skills to neurosurgery residents. METHODS: The Myanmar Neurosurgical Society, the Foundation for International Education in Neurosurgery, the Society for Neurological Surgeons, The University of Medicine 1 in Yangon, Myanmar and the Henry Ford Department of Neurosurgery developed a two-day resident training course...
February 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438007/best-practices-in-molecular-breast-imaging-a-guide-for-technologists
#11
Tiffinee Swanson, Thuy D Tran, Lacey Ellingson, Michael K O'Connor, Deborah J Rhodes, Katie N Hunt, Amy L Conners, Carrie B Hruska
Molecular breast imaging (MBI) technologists are required to possess a combination of nuclear medicine skills and mammographic positioning techniques. Currently, no formal programs offer this type of hybrid technologist training. The purpose of this perspective is to provide a best practices guide for technologists performing MBI. Familiarity with best practices may aid in obtaining high-quality MBI examinations by decreasing the likelihood of image artifacts, positioning problems and other factors that contribute to false negative or false positive findings...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436165/digital-rectal-examination-in-indian-graduates
#12
Aishwarya Beena, Barath Jagadisan
BACKGROUND: Digital rectal examination (DRE) is an important component of physical examination and an essential skill for medical graduates. DRE is often underutilised in clinical practice. The lack of confidence and expertise and also underutilization of DRE have been associated with inadequate training of medical students during their undergraduate studies. The training of Indian undergraduates in DRE has not been studied. METHODS: A questionnaire on undergraduate training in DRE was administered to students from various medical colleges joining specialty postgraduate courses in Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435394/mentor-mentee-relationship-a-win-win-contract-in-graduate-medical-education
#13
EDITORIAL
Hale Z Toklu, Jacklyn C Fuller
Scholarly activities (i.e., the discovery of new knowledge; development of new technologies, methods, materials, or uses; integration of knowledge leading to new understanding) are intended to measure the quality and quantity of dissemination of knowledge. A successful mentorship program is necessary during residency to help residents achieve the six core competencies (patient care, medical knowledge, practice-based learning and improvement, systems-based practice, professionalism, interpersonal and communication skills) required by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
December 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432629/seven-years-of-teaching-communication-with-the-patient-centered-observation-form
#14
Patricia Adam, Courtney F Murphy, Mary Dierich, Keri D Hager
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: For years, family medicine has taught patient-centered communication through observations and observation checklists. We explored the utility of one checklist, the Patient-Centered Observation Form (PCOF), to teach and evaluate patient-centered communication in our family medicine residencies. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-method study of five University of Minnesota Family Medicine Residencies' seven years of experience teaching and evaluating residents' patient-centered communication skills...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430268/the-involvement-of-older-inpatients-in-medical-student-education
#15
T Aquilina, S M Thompson, K H M Metcalfe, H Hughes, L Sinclair, F Batt
Objectives: To examine older inpatients' experiences with medical student education, their views on future interactions, and to seek their opinion on the most important curricular topics related to geriatric medicine. Methods: The study involved 112 non-confused inpatients older than 65 years of age, who completed a uniformed questionnaire on the day of their discharge from a teaching hospital. Results: The mean age was 81 years, with equal number of male and female participants...
2018: European Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428868/mapping-the-cancer-patient-information-landscape-a-comparative-analysis-of-patient-groups-across-europe-and-north-america
#16
Mark Lawler, Gillian Prue, Ian Banks, Kate Law, Peter Selby, Gordon McVie, Richard Sullivan
AIM: Little is known about how patient groups provide information for patients. We invited 838 patient groups from Europe and North America to participate in an online survey. METHODS: The survey covered: (i) availability, accessibility and quality of information provided; (ii) methods by which patient groups communicate; (iii) ways in which patient groups acquire information and confirm its veracity/accuracy; (iv) how people access information online. RESULTS: European patient groups were significantly less effective in providing medical-related information than their North American counterparts in: clinical trials, potential causes of cancer, medical research, diagnosis/screening, symptoms, treatments (all p < 0...
February 8, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428368/leaders-growing-leaders-designing-a-tier-based-leadership-program-for-surgeons
#17
Laura Torbeck, Grace Rozycki, Gary Dunnington
BACKGROUND: Leadership has emerged as a crucial component of professional development for physicians in academic medicine. Most leadership skills can be learned and therefore best practices of delivering leadership development are in high demand. For practicing surgeons, specific strategies to teach leadership have been lacking. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to describe the structure of a tier-based leadership development program called Leaders Growing Leaders, to identify the major curricular components to each tier including measures and outcomes, and to share lessons learned for those who may want to begin a similar leadership development program...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427988/emerging-concepts-in-evidence-based-asthma-management
#18
Helen K Reddel
Asthma management is in an intriguing phase, with acceptance of asthma as a heterogeneous condition with different phenotypes and underlying mechanisms and the potential for personalized asthma care, in parallel with increasing evidence about the population-level impact of basic strategies to increase access to medicines and improve inhaler technique and adherence. These changes have been facilitated by a more comprehensive view of evidence, including both randomized controlled trials with high internal validity and pragmatic and observational studies with high generalizability to patients in clinical practice...
February 2018: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426258/validation-of-the-self-assessment-teamwork-tool-satt-in-a-cohort-of-nursing-and-medical-students
#19
Lucinda Roper, Boaz Shulruf, Christine Jorm, Jane Currie, Christopher J Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Poor teamwork has been implicated in medical error and teamwork training has been shown to improve patient care. Simulation is an effective educational method for teamwork training. Post-simulation reflection aims to promote learning and we have previously developed a self-assessment teamwork tool (SATT) for health students to measure teamwork performance. This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of a revised self-assessment teamwork tool. METHODS: The tool was tested in 257 medical and nursing students after their participation in one of several mass casualty simulations...
February 9, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423581/hypoglycaemia-in-type-1-diabetes-technological-treatments-their-limitations-and-the-place-of-psychology
#20
REVIEW
Pratik Choudhary, Stephanie A Amiel
Advances in technology allowing improved insulin delivery and glucose monitoring can significantly reduce the burden of hypoglycaemia when used appropriately. However, limitations of the current technology, and the skills, commitment and motivation required to use them, mean that it does not work for all people. Education and informed professional support are key to success. In the context of problematic hypoglycaemia, data suggest that newer technology has lower efficacy and uptake in those with most need...
February 8, 2018: Diabetologia
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