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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677693/does-the-consecutive-interpreting-approach-enhance-medical-english-communication-skills-of-japanese-speaking-students
#1
Hideki Iizuka, Alan K Lefor
Objectives: To determine if the Consecutive Interpreting Approach enhances medical English communication skills of students in a Japanese medical university and to assess this method based on performance and student evaluations. Methods:  This is a three-phase study using a mixed-methods design, which starts with four language reproduction activities for 30 medical and 95 nursing students, followed by a quantitative analysis of perfect-match reproduction rates to assess changes over the duration of the study and qualitative error analysis of participants' language reproduction...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675816/brc4env-a-network-of-biological-resource-centres-for-research-in-environmental-and-agricultural-sciences
#2
Christian Mougin, Emmanuelle Artige, Frédéric Marchand, Samuel Mondy, Céline Ratié, Nadine Sellier, Philippe Castagnone-Sereno, Armelle Cœur D'Acier, Daniel Esmenjaud, Céline Faivre-Primot, Laurent Granjon, Valérie Hamelet, Frederic Lange, Sylvie Pagès, Frédéric Rimet, Nicolas Ris, Guillaume Sallé
The Biological Resource Centre for the Environment BRC4Env is a network of Biological Resource Centres (BRCs) and collections whose leading objectives are to improve the visibility of genetic and biological resources maintained by its BRCs and collections and to facilitate their use by a large research community, from agriculture research to life sciences and environmental sciences. Its added value relies on sharing skills, harmonizing practices, triggering projects in comparative biology, and ultimately proposing a single-entry portal to facilitate access to documented samples, taking into account the partnership policies of research institutions as well as the legal frame which varies with the biological nature of resources...
April 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674791/research-design-the-methodology-for-interdisciplinary-research-framework
#3
Hilde Tobi, Jarl K Kampen
Many of today's global scientific challenges require the joint involvement of researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds (social sciences, environmental sciences, climatology, medicine, etc.). Such interdisciplinary research teams face many challenges resulting from differences in training and scientific culture. Interdisciplinary education programs are required to train truly interdisciplinary scientists with respect to the critical factor skills and competences. For that purpose this paper presents the Methodology for Interdisciplinary Research (MIR) framework...
2018: Quality & Quantity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673201/iot-on-board-system-for-driving-style-assessment
#4
Bartosz Jachimczyk, Damian Dziak, Jacek Czapla, Pawel Damps, Wlodek J Kulesza
The assessment of skills is essential and desirable in areas such as medicine, security, and other professions where mental, physical, and manual skills are crucial. However, often such assessments are performed by people called “experts” who may be subjective and are able to consider a limited number of factors and indicators. This article addresses the problem of the objective assessment of driving style independent of circumstances. The proposed objective assessment of driving style is based on eight indicators, which are associated with the vehicle’s speed, acceleration, jerk, engine rotational speed and driving time...
April 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672843/challenges-faced-in-rural-hospitals-the-experiences-of-nurse-managers-in-uganda
#5
T A Kakyo, L D Xiao
AIM: The aim of this study was to understand nurse ward managers perceived challenges in the rural healthcare setting in Uganda. BACKGROUND: The health workforce, essential medicines and equipment and political unrest are the main factors affecting the international community in addressing the hefty disease burden in World Health Organization African regions. Nurse ward managers have an important role to play to mitigate these factors in health facilities in these regions through leadership, supervision and support for staff...
April 19, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671768/managing-complexity-exploring-decision-making-on-medication-by-young-adults-with-adhd
#6
Louise C Druedahl, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) causes difficulties with hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention. Treatment of ADHD includes both medication and non-pharmacological options. Knowledge of treatment preferences by young adults with ADHD is sparse. The objective of this study was to explore the beliefs and experiences of young adults with ADHD related to their medication treatment decisions. Data were collected in Denmark in 2016 through a focus group and individual in-depth interviews. Conventional content analysis was used...
April 19, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669147/impact-and-reception-of-a-required-4-week-palliative-medicine-rotation
#7
B Brent Simmons, Alison Petrie, Edward Gracely
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) is one of three Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education accredited clinical subspecialties available to family medicine graduates for fellowship training. Despite this, training is not currently a curriculum requirement. We have pioneered a required 4-week palliative medicine rotation into the curriculum. METHODS: Twenty-eight residents who completed the palliative medicine rotation across four classes were surveyed to assess how the rotation improved their level of comfort with providing end-of-life (EOL) care and to demonstrate the need of formal palliative medicine training...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669143/development-and-validation-of-the-foundational-healthcare-leadership-self-assessment
#8
Sonja Van Hala, Susan Cochella, Rachel Jaggi, Caren J Frost, Bernadette Kiraly, Susan Pohl, Lisa Gren
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to develop and validate a self-assessment of foundational leadership skills for early-career physicians. METHODS: We developed a leadership self-assessment from a compilation of materials on health care leadership skills. A sequential exploratory study was conducted using qualitative and quantitative analysis for face, content, and construct validity of the self-assessment. First, two focus groups were conducted with leaders in medicine and family medicine residents, to refine the pilot self-assessment...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668479/mobile-application-neurogame-for-assessment-the-attention-focus-and-concentration
#9
Mario Loleski, Sofija Loleska, Nada Pop-Jordanova
Smartphones are ubiquitous, but it is still unknown what physiological functions can be monitored at clinical quality. In medicine their use is cited in many fields (cardiology, pulmology, endocrinology, rheumatology, pediatrics as well as in the field of mental health). The aim of this paper is to explain how the use of mobile application can help clients to improve the index of their focus, concentration and motor skills. Our original developed application on Android operating system, named "neurogame" is based on an open source platform to enable assessment and therapeutic stimulation, focus and concentration with the ability to monitor the progress of the results obtained in a larger number of participants (normal subjects as well as patients with different disorders) over a period of time...
December 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#10
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665190/comparison-of-emergency-medicine-malpractice-cases-involving-residents-to-non-resident-cases
#11
Kiersten L Gurley, Shamai A Grossman, Margaret Janes, C Winnie Yu-Moe, Ellen Song, Carrie D Tibbles, Nathan I Shapiro, Carlo L Rosen
BACKGROUND: Data are lacking on how emergency medicine (EM) malpractice cases with resident involvement differs from cases that do not name a resident. OBJECTIVES: To compare malpractice case characteristics in cases where a resident is involved (resident case) to cases that do not involve a resident (non-resident case) and to determine factors that contribute to malpractice cases utilizing EM as a model for malpractice claims across other medical specialties. METHODS: We used data from the Controlled Risk Insurance Company (CRICO) Strategies' division Comparative Benchmarking System (CBS) to analyze open and closed EM cases asserted from 2009-2013...
April 17, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658536/-education-motivations-and-working-conditions-of-a-cohort-of-nurses-attending-to-an-open-competition
#12
Roberto Accardi, Silvia Pazzaglia, Antonella Demarchi, Barbara Sappa, Dario Laquintana
. Education, motivations and working conditions of a cohort of nurses attending to an open-competition. INTRODUCTION: In the last decade, the progressive reduction of staff turnover decreased together with the number of open competitions, now attended by thousands of candidates, portraying an image of massive unemployment in the nursing profession. AIM: To describe the socio-demographic profile, the studies, previous work experiences and motivations of a cohort of nurses participats a maxi-competition in Lombardy region...
January 2018: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657853/training-scientists-as-future-industry-leaders-teaching-translational-science-from-an-industry-executive-s-perspective
#13
Gloria Lee, Jay D Kranzler, Ravichandran Ramasamy, Gabrielle Gold-von Simson
PhDs and post-doctoral biomedical graduates, in greater numbers, are choosing industry based careers. However, most scientists do not have formal training in business strategies and venture creation and may find senior management positions untenable. To fill this training gap, "Biotechnology Industry: Structure and Strategy" was offered at New York University School of Medicine (NYUSOM). The course focuses on the business aspects of translational medicine and research translation and incorporates the practice of business case discussions, mock negotiation, and direct interactions into the didactic...
2018: Journal of Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656390/documenting-the-growth-of-ultrasound-research-in-emergency-medicine-through-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-accepted-academic-conference-abstracts
#14
Michael I Prats, David P Bahner, Ashish R Panchal, Andrew M King, David P Way, Stephen Lin, J Christian Fox, Creagh T Boulger
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound (US) has become an indispensable skill for emergency physicians. Growth in the use of US in emergency medicine (EM) has been characterized by practice guidelines, education requirements, and the number of EM US practitioners. Our purpose was to further document the growth of EM US by profiling the breadth, depth, and quality of US-related research presented at EM's most prominent annual research conference: the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Annual Meeting...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651321/specialty-training-in-family-medicine-in-montenegro-an-evaluation-of-the-programme-by-the-first-generation-of-trainees
#15
Marija Petek Šter, Ljiljana Cvejanov Kezunović, Milena Cojić, Davorina Petek, Igor Švab
Introduction: One of the aims of health care reform in Montenegro is to strengthen primary care. An important step forward is the implementation of specialty training in family medicine (FM). The aim of this article is to evaluate the implementation of specialty training in family medicine in Montenegro, regarding the content, structure and methods, by the first generation of trainees and the coordinator of the training. Methods: A questionnaire was sent by mail in July and August 2017 to all 26 eligible trainees who started specialty training in 2013...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650604/narrative-based-medicine-and-the-general-practice-consultation-narrative-based-medicine-2
#16
REVIEW
George Zaharias
OBJECTIVE: To raise awareness of narrative-based medicine (NBM) as a valuable approach to the consultation, which, if practised more widely by GPs, would convey considerable benefits to both patient and doctor. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: Principally, this article draws on the perspectives of 2 of NBM's key proponents, John Launer and Rita Charon, and which are complemented by the perspectives of several other authors. MAIN MESSAGE: This article examines NBM in relation to patient-centred care and the particular skills that are required to practise NBM...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650503/instructional-video-and-medical-student-surgical-knot-tying-proficiency-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Katarzyna Bochenska, Magdy P Milad, John Ol DeLancey, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp
BACKGROUND: Many senior medical students lack simple surgical and procedural skills such as knot tying. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether viewing a Web-based expert knot-tying training video, in addition to the standard third-year medical student curriculum, will result in more proficient surgical knot tying. METHODS: At the start of their obstetrics and gynecology clerkship, 45 students were videotaped tying surgical knots for 2 minutes using a board model...
April 12, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650483/solid-cystic-and-tubular-novice-ultrasound-skills-training-using-a-versatile-affordable-practice-model
#18
Shruti Sevak, Benjamin Lurvey, Ashley A Woodfin, Zachary Hothem, Rose E Callahan, James Robbins, Kathryn Ziegler
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the recognized benefits of ultrasound, many physicians have little experience with using ultrasound to perform procedures. Many medical schools and residency programs lack a formal ultrasound training curriculum. We describe an affordable ultrasound training curriculum and versatile, inexpensive practice model. DESIGN: Participants underwent a didactic session to teach the theory required to perform ultrasound-guided procedures. Motor skills were taught using a practice model incorporating analogs of common anatomic and pathologic structures into an opacified gelatin substrate...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650195/student-perception-of-interprofessional-education-application-at-the-health-sciences-university-of-sumatera-utara
#19
Dedi Ardinata, Evi Karota Bukit, Diah Arruum
OBJECTIVE: Interprofessional education (IPE) includes collaborative interprofessional learning activities involving students and lecturers from the health sciences faculties at the University of Sumatera Utara. This descriptive study aimed to explore the students' perceptions of the application of the IPE program. METHOD: Descriptive study was conducted and one hundred sixty students were selected from four faculties including the faculties of medicine, nursing, pharmacy, and public health...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650075/clinical-skills-assessment-in-the-twenty-first-century
#20
REVIEW
Andrew Elder
Clinical skills remain fundamental to the practice of medicine and form a core component of the professional identity of the physician. However, evidence exists to suggest that the practice of some clinical skills is declining, particularly in the United States. A decline in practice of any skill can lead to a decline in its teaching and assessment, with further decline in practice as a result. Consequently, assessment not only drives learning of clinical skills, but their practice. This article summarizes contemporary approaches to clinical skills assessment that, if more widely adopted, could support the maintenance and reinvigoration of bedside clinical skills...
May 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
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