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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640034/using-a-simulation-of-a-frustrated-faculty-member-during-department-chair-searches-a-proof-of-concept-project
#1
Daniel E Shapiro, Lisa M Abbott, Daniel R Wolpaw, Michael J Green, Benjamin H Levi
PROBLEM: Vitae reviews, interviews, presentations, and reference checks are typical components of searches used to screen and select new department chairs/heads, but these strategies may fail to identify leaders who can communicate effectively with faculty in common, tense situations. APPROACH: Between May 2015 and November 2016, the authors piloted simulation scenarios in four department chair searches at Penn State College of Medicine/Penn State Health to assess candidates' skill at handling common, challenging situations with faculty members...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638329/the-contribution-of-cognitive-factors-to-individual-differences-in-understanding-noise-vocoded-speech-in-young-and-older-adults
#2
Stephanie Rosemann, Carsten Gießing, Jale Özyurt, Rebecca Carroll, Sebastian Puschmann, Christiane M Thiel
Noise-vocoded speech is commonly used to simulate the sensation after cochlear implantation as it consists of spectrally degraded speech. High individual variability exists in learning to understand both noise-vocoded speech and speech perceived through a cochlear implant (CI). This variability is partly ascribed to differing cognitive abilities like working memory, verbal skills or attention. Although clinically highly relevant, up to now, no consensus has been achieved about which cognitive factors exactly predict the intelligibility of speech in noise-vocoded situations in healthy subjects or in patients after cochlear implantation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635980/improving-self-efficacy-and-self-care-in-adult-patients-with-a-urinary-diversion-a-pilot-study
#3
Kyle Merandy, Meredith A Morgan, Richard Lee, Douglas S Scherr
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a multimodality educational intervention for improving self-efficacy (SE) and self-care in patients with a new urinary diversion (UD).
. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized, controlled trial.
. SETTING: Academic medical center in New York.
. SAMPLE: 8 adults diagnosed with bladder cancer requiring UD.
. METHODS: A multimodality educational intervention consisting of video, Microsoft PowerPoint® slides, and medical illustrations was developed...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635480/leadership-styles-in-nursing
#4
Vicki Cope, Melanie Murray
Nurses are often asked to think about leadership, particularly in times of rapid change in healthcare, and where questions have been raised about whether leaders and managers have adequate insight into the requirements of care. This article discusses several leadership styles relevant to contemporary healthcare and nursing practice. Nurses who are aware of leadership styles may find this knowledge useful in maintaining a cohesive working environment. Leadership knowledge and skills can be improved through training, where, rather than having to undertake formal leadership roles without adequate preparation, nurses are able to learn, nurture, model and develop effective leadership behaviours, ultimately improving nursing staff retention and enhancing the delivery of safe and effective care...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630505/analytical-evaluation-of-the-accuracy-and-retention-of-compounding-skills-among-pharmd-students
#5
Mudit Mudit, Lloyd F Alfonso
Objective. To evaluate the accuracy and retention of compounding skills among students using analytical testing. Methods. Students compounded acetaminophen capsules from the same prescription at three time points (Exercise 1, 2, 3). The compounded products were analyzed (by HPLC) for acetaminophen content and the students' written reports were evaluated for accuracy of calculations and labeling. Results. During Exercise 1, 57.8% of the compounded capsule products were within the acceptable range, 92.2% during Exercise 2 and 75% during Exercise 3...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623185/a-web-based-data-collection-platform-for-multisite-randomized-behavioral-intervention-trials-development-key-software-features-and-results-of-a-user-survey
#6
Riddhi A Modi, Michael J Mugavero, Rivet K Amico, Jeanne Keruly, Evelyn Byrd Quinlivan, Heidi M Crane, Alfredo Guzman, Anne Zinski, Solange Montue, Katya Roytburd, Anna Church, James H Willig
BACKGROUND: Meticulous tracking of study data must begin early in the study recruitment phase and must account for regulatory compliance, minimize missing data, and provide high information integrity and/or reduction of errors. In behavioral intervention trials, participants typically complete several study procedures at different time points. Among HIV-infected patients, behavioral interventions can favorably affect health outcomes. In order to empower newly diagnosed HIV positive individuals to learn skills to enhance retention in HIV care, we developed the behavioral health intervention Integrating ENGagement and Adherence Goals upon Entry (iENGAGE) funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), where we deployed an in-clinic behavioral health intervention in 4 urban HIV outpatient clinics in the United States...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622637/children-benefit-differently-from-night-and-day-time-sleep-in-motor-learning
#7
Jin H Yan
Motor skill acquisition occurs while practicing (on-line) and when asleep or awake (off-line). However, developmental questions still remain about whether children of various ages benefit similarly or differentially from night- and day-time sleeping. The likely circadian effects (time-of-day) and the possible between-test-interference (order effects) associated with children's off-line motor learning are currently unknown. Therefore, this study examines the contributions of over-night sleeping and mid-day napping to procedural skill learning...
June 13, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610482/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-among-smokers-with-psychotic-disorders-outcomes-to-36%C3%A2-months
#8
Amanda L Baker, Robyn Richmond, Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Sacha L Filia, David Castle, Jill M Williams, Terry J Lewin, Vanessa Clark, Robin Callister, Kerrin Palazzi
OBJECTIVE: People living with psychotic disorders (schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders) have high rates of cardiovascular disease risk behaviours, including smoking, physical inactivity and poor diet. We report cardiovascular disease risk, smoking cessation and other risk behaviour outcomes over 36 months following recruitment into a two-arm randomised controlled trial among smokers with psychotic disorders. METHODS: Participants ( N = 235) drawn from three sites were randomised to receive nicotine replacement therapy plus (1) a Healthy Lifestyles intervention delivered over approximately 9 months or (2) a largely telephone-delivered intervention (designed to control for nicotine replacement therapy provision, session frequency and other monitoring)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601957/examining-the-effect-of-peer-helping-in-a-coping-skills-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial-for-advanced-gastrointestinal-cancer-patients-and-their-family-caregivers
#9
Catherine E Mosher, Ekin Secinti, Shelley A Johns, Bert H O'Neil, Paul R Helft, Safi Shahda, Shadia I Jalal, Victoria L Champion
PURPOSE: At the end of life, spiritual well-being is a central aspect of quality of life for many patients and their family caregivers. A prevalent spiritual value in advanced cancer patients is the need to actively give. To address this need, the current randomized trial examined whether adding a peer helping component to a coping skills intervention leads to improved meaning in life and peace for advanced gastrointestinal cancer patients and their caregivers. Feasibility and acceptability outcomes were also assessed...
June 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584689/an-integrated-interactive-spaced-education-radiology-curriculum-for-preclinical-students
#10
Eli Tshibwabwa, Robert Mallin, Madeleine Fraser, Martin Tshibwabwa, Reza Sanii, James Rice, Jenifer Cannon
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to determine whether a radiology module, together with online spaced education, helps students of an integrated problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum increase their radiology knowledge and long-term retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Second-year students at the American University of Antigua College of Medicine participated in small groups of ten students each into two 2 h of radiology laboratories. The study comprised two cohorts: winter and fall 2013 students (control group) and 2014 students (experimental group)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578900/family-home-food-environment-and-nutrition-related-parent-and-child-personal-and-behavioral-outcomes-of-the-healthy-home-offerings-via-the-mealtime-environment-home-plus-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jayne A Fulkerson, Sarah Friend, Melissa Horning, Colleen Flattum, Michelle Draxten, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Olga Gurvich, Ann Garwick, Mary Story, Martha Y Kubik
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a significant positive association between frequent family meals and children's dietary intake; however, the promotion of healthful family meals has not been rigorously tested for key food environment and nutrition-related behavioral outcomes in a randomized trial. OBJECTIVE: To describe family home food environment and nutrition-related parent and child personal and behavioral outcomes of the Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment Plus program, the first rigorously tested family meals intervention targeting childhood obesity prevention...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570597/-i-was-in-the-darkness-but-the-group-brought-me-light-development-relevance-and-feasibility-of-the-sondela-hiv-adjustment-and-coping-intervention
#12
Nwabisa Shai, Yandisa Sikweyiya, Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, Rachel Jewkes
Developing interventions that address psychosocial wellbeing of people living with HIV is critical to ensure strong linkages to and retention in HIV care. This paper describes the development of Sondela, an HIV adjustment and coping intervention for heterosexual men and women living with HIV, and its relevance and feasibility in the South African context. Sondela is a six three-hour, small group-based, participatory workshop series. We followed an iterative, multi-phased process of curriculum development that involved research, theoretical frameworks and piloting...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558495/-it-feels-good-to-know-that-someone-cares
#13
Annie L Nguyen, Enedina Sepulveda, Marco Angulo
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is the leading cause of death in Hispanic communities. Self-management is an important part of diabetes care, and diabetes self-management education (DSME) aims to teach the skills necessary for preventing and delaying complication. However, DSME is underutilized. The purpose of this study was to explore Hispanic adults' motivations for attending a DSME class to identify effective strategies for promoting class participation and retention. METHOD: Nineteen adults participated in seven focus groups conducted in Spanish...
June 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557724/implementation-of-helping-babies-breathe-a-3-year-experience-in-tanzania
#14
Lauren Arlington, Allan Kaijunga Kairuki, Kahabi G Isangula, Robson A Meda, Erica Thomas, Akwila Temu, Victor Mponzi, Dunstan Bishanga, Georgina Msemo, Mary Azayo, Brett D Nelson
OBJECTIVES: This first-ever country-level study assesses the implementation of the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) program in 15 of Tanzania's mainland regions by measuring coverage, adoption and retention of provider skills, acceptability among providers, and barriers and challenges to at-scale implementation. METHODS: Longitudinal facility-level follow-up visits assessed provider resuscitation knowledge and skills in using objective structured clinical examinations and readiness of facilities to resuscitate newborns, in terms of birth attendants trained and essential equipment available and functional...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545422/quality-of-antenatal-care-predicts-retention-in-skilled-birth-attendance-a-multilevel-analysis-of-28-african-countries
#15
Adanna Chukwuma, Adaeze C Wosu, Chinyere Mbachu, Kelechi Weze
BACKGROUND: An effective continuum of maternal care ensures that mothers receive essential health packages from pre-pregnancy to delivery, and postnatally, reducing the risk of maternal death. However, across Africa, coverage of skilled birth attendance is lower than coverage for antenatal care, indicating mothers are not retained in the continuum between antenatal care and delivery. This paper explores predictors of retention of antenatal care clients in skilled birth attendance across Africa, including sociodemographic factors and quality of antenatal care received...
May 25, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540142/rapid-cycle-deliberate-practice-in-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Jillian Taras, Tobias Everett
Rapid Cycle Deliberate Practice (RCDP) is a novel simulation-based education model that is currently attracting interest, implementation, exploration and research in medical education. In RCDP, learners rapidly cycle between deliberate practice and directed feedback within the simulation scenario until mastery is achieved. The objective of this systematic review is to examine the literature and summarize the existing knowledge on RCDP in simulation-based medical education. Fifteen resources met inclusion criteria; they were diverse and heterogeneous, such that we did not perform a quantitative synthesis or meta-analysis but rather a narrative review on RCDP...
April 19, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535525/expanded-hemodialysis-a-new-therapy-for-a-new-class-of-membranes
#17
Claudio Ronco, Gaetano La Manna
A wide spectrum of molecules is retained in end-stage kidney disease, normally defined as uremic toxins. These solutes have different molecular weights and radii. Current dialysis membranes and techniques only remove solutes in the range of 50-15,000 Da, with limited or no capability to remove solutes in the middle to high molecular weight range (up to 50,000 Da). Improved removal has been obtained with high cut-off (HCO) membranes, with albumin loss representing a limitation to their practical application...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512498/treatment-outcomes-of-full-pulpotomy-as-an-alternative-to-tooth-extraction-in-molars-with-hyperplastic-irreversible-pulpitis-a-case-report
#18
Saeed Asgary, Prashant Verma, Ali Nosrat
Root canal therapy (RCT) is a common and successful treatment for irreversible pulpitis due to carious pulp exposure in mature permanent teeth. However, it is often an expensive procedure, may require multiple appointments, and requires a high level of training and clinical skill, specifically in molars. Uninsured patients, low-income patients, and patients with limited access to specialist care often elect for extraction of restorable teeth with irreversible pulpitis. There is a need for an alternative affordable treatment option to preserve their teeth and maintain chewing function...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511125/the-many-facets-of-motor-learning-and-their-relevance-for-parkinson-s-disease
#19
REVIEW
Lucio Marinelli, Angelo Quartarone, Mark Hallett, Giuseppe Frazzitta, Maria Felice Ghilardi
The final goal of motor learning, a complex process that includes both implicit and explicit (or declarative) components, is the optimization and automatization of motor skills. Motor learning involves different neural networks and neurotransmitters systems depending on the type of task and on the stage of learning. After the first phase of acquisition, a motor skill goes through consolidation (i.e., becoming resistant to interference) and retention, processes in which sleep and long-term potentiation seem to play important roles...
July 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510572/1-2-million-kids-and-counting-mobile-science-laboratories-drive-student-interest-in-stem
#20
Amanda L Jones, Mary K Stapleton
In today's increasingly technological society, a workforce proficient in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) skills is essential. Research has shown that active engagement by K-12 students in hands-on science activities that use authentic science tools promotes student learning and retention. Mobile laboratory programs provide this type of learning in schools and communities across the United States and internationally. Many programs are members of the Mobile Lab Coalition (MLC), a nonprofit organization of mobile and other laboratory-based education programs built on scientist and educator collaborations...
May 2017: PLoS Biology
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