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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781687/assessment-of-nurses-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-knowledge-and-skills-within-three-district-hospitals-in-botswana
#1
Lakshmi Rajeswaran, Megan Cox, Stoffel Moeng, Billy M Tsima
BACKGROUND:  Nurses are usually the first to identify the need for and initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on patients with cardiopulmonary arrest in the hospital setting. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation has been shown to reduce in-hospital deaths when received from adequately trained health care professionals. AIM:  We aimed to investigate nurses' retention of CPR knowledge and skills at district hospitals in Botswana. METHODS:  A quantitative, quasi-experimental study was conducted at three hospitals in Botswana...
April 12, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778761/preferential-stabilization-of-newly-formed-dendritic-spines-in-motor-cortex-during-manual-skill-learning-predicts-performance-gains-but-not-memory-endurance
#2
Taylor A Clark, Min Fu, Andrew K Dunn, Yi Zuo, Theresa A Jones
Previous findings that skill learning is associated with the formation and preferential stabilization of new dendritic spines in cortex have raised the possibility that this preferential stabilization is a mechanism for lasting skill memory. We investigated this possibility in adult mice using in vivo two-photon imaging to monitor spine dynamics on superficial apical dendrites of layer V pyramidal neurons in motor cortex during manual skill learning. Spine formation increased over the first 3 days of training on a skilled reaching task, followed by increased spine elimination...
May 17, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769174/a-self-directed-mobile-intervention-waznapp-to-promote-weight-control-among-employees-at-a-lebanese-university-protocol-for-a-feasibility-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Marco Bardus, Ghassan Hamadeh, Bouchra Hayek, Rawan Al Kherfan
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have become major health problems globally with more than 1.9 billion overweight adults. In Lebanon, the prevalence of obesity and overweight is 65.4% combined. Risk factors of obesity and overweight are preventable and can be addressed by modifications in the environment and in an individual's lifestyle. Mobile technologies are increasingly used in behavioral, self-directed weight management interventions, providing users with additional opportunities to attain weight control (weight loss, weight gain prevention, etc)...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767217/assessing-mentorship-experiences-of-faculty-at-a-military-academic-center-challenge-and-opportunity
#4
Kevin C McMains, Rechell G Rodriguez, Jennifer Peel, Heather C Yun, Mark W True, Woodson S Jones
OBJECTIVES: Mentor relationships are a key component of professional development within academic medicine. To date, there are no investigations into the prevalence and effects of mentor relationships within military academic medicine. This quality improvement initiative aimed to establish the prevalence and effects of mentorship, including whether sex differences exist among faculty at a military academic center, the San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, and identify opportunities to improve faculty development efforts for mentorship to benefit faculty at this institution...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764628/national-preceptor-development-program-pdp-influential-evidence-and-theory-the-first-of-a-3-part-series
#5
Katrina Mulherin, Sheila Walter, Craig D Cox
INTRODUCTION: Priority #3 of the Canadian Experiential Education Project for Pharmacy provided evidence-based guidance for the design and implementation of a national approach to preceptor development. In this first article (of three), findings from the project and recommendations to achieve a high-quality preceptor development program (PDP) are presented. METHODS: A multi-method approach including detailed semi-structured interviews, classic literature review, and advisory committee feedback was employed...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761273/a-randomised-trial-of-observational-learning-from-2d-and-3d-models-in-robotically-assisted-surgery
#6
David J Harris, Samuel J Vine, Mark R Wilson, John S McGrath, Marie-Eve LeBel, Gavin Buckingham
BACKGROUND: Advances in 3D technology mean that both robotic surgical devices and surgical simulators can now incorporate stereoscopic viewing capabilities. While depth information may benefit robotic surgical performance, it is unclear whether 3D viewing also aids skill acquisition when learning from observing others. As observational learning plays a major role in surgical skills training, this study aimed to evaluate whether 3D viewing provides learning benefits in a robotically assisted surgical task...
May 14, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754532/more-care-out-of-hospital-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-factors-influencing-the-development-of-the-district-nursing-workforce-in-england
#7
Vari M Drennan
Objectives Many countries seek to improve care for people with chronic conditions and increase delivery of care outside of hospitals, including in the home. Despite these policy objectives in the United Kingdom, the home visiting nursing service workforce, known as district nursing, is declining. This study aimed to investigate the factors influencing the development of district nursing workforces in a metropolitan area of England. Methods A qualitative study in a metropolitan area of three million residents in diverse socio-economic communities using semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of senior nurses in provider and commissioning organizations...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749836/exploring-biology-a-vision-and-change-disciplinary-first-year-seminar-improves-academic-performance-in-introductory-biology
#8
Caroline J Wienhold, Janet Branchaw
The transition to college is challenging for most students, especially those who aspire to major in the science, technology, engineering, or mathematics disciplines, in which introductory courses can be large and instruction less than optimal. This paper describes a novel, disciplinary first-year seminar (FYS) course, Exploring Biology, designed to address many of the challenges facing aspiring biology students beginning their academic careers at a large public research university. The course addresses typical FYS goals, such as community building, introduction to resources, and academic skill development, and introduces students to the core concepts of biology defined in the 2011 Vision and Change report...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748165/using-mobile-health-gamification-to-facilitate-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-skills-practice-in-child-anxiety-treatment-open-clinical-trial
#9
Gede Pramana, Bambang Parmanto, James Lomas, Oliver Lindhiem, Philip C Kendall, Jennifer Silk
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy is an efficacious treatment for child anxiety disorders. Although efficacious, many children (40%-50%) do not show a significant reduction in symptoms or full recovery from primary anxiety diagnoses. One possibility is that they are unwilling to learn and practice cognitive behavioral therapy skills beyond therapy sessions. This can occur for a variety of reasons, including a lack of motivation, forgetfulness, and a lack of cognitive behavioral therapy skills understanding...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748142/asynchronous-unsupervised-video-enhanced-feedback-as-effective-as-direct-expert-feedback-in-the-long-term-retention-of-practical-clinical-skills-randomised-trial-comparing-2-feedback-methods-in-a-cohort-of-novice-medical-students
#10
James Rammell, Joanna Matthan, Matthew Gray, Lucy R Bookless, Craig I Nesbitt, Paul Rodham, John Moss, Gerard Stansby, Alexander W Phillips
OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree of practical clinical skills' retention over a 7-week period after receiving either video-enhanced direct expert feedback (DEF) or asynchronous unsupervised video-enhanced feedback (UVF). DESIGN: A prospective single-blinded randomized trial was conducted over a 7-week period with novice medical students. Following a generic introduction, PowerPoint presentation and live demonstration of intravenous cannulation was given by an expert, and candidates performed the same task in isolation while being recorded and were randomized to receive either DEF or UVF...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740271/a-preliminary-comparison-of-motor-learning-across-different-non-invasive-brain-stimulation-paradigms-shows-no-consistent-modulations
#11
Virginia Lopez-Alonso, Sook-Lei Liew, Miguel Fernández Del Olmo, Binith Cheeran, Marco Sandrini, Mitsunari Abe, Leonardo G Cohen
Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) has been widely explored as a way to safely modulate brain activity and alter human performance for nearly three decades. Research using NIBS has grown exponentially within the last decade with promising results across a variety of clinical and healthy populations. However, recent work has shown high inter-individual variability and a lack of reproducibility of previous results. Here, we conducted a small preliminary study to explore the effects of three of the most commonly used excitatory NIBS paradigms over the primary motor cortex (M1) on motor learning (Sequential Visuomotor Isometric Pinch Force Tracking Task) and secondarily relate changes in motor learning to changes in cortical excitability (MEP amplitude and SICI)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733906/cadaver-based-trauma-procedural-skills-training-skills-retention-30-months-after-training-among-practicing-surgeons-in-comparison-to-experts-or-more-recently-trained-residents
#12
Colin F Mackenzie, Mark W Bowyer, Sharon Henry, Samuel A Tisherman, Adam Puche, Hegang Chen, Valerie Shalin, Kristy Pugh, Evan Garofalo, Stacy A Shackelford
BACKGROUND: Long-term retention of trauma procedural core-competency skills and need for re-training after a one-day cadaver-based course remains unknown. We measured and compared technical skills for trauma core competencies mean 14 months (38 residents), 30 months (35 practicing surgeons) and 46 months (10 experts) after training to determine if skill degradation occurs with time. Technical performance during extremity vascular exposures and lower-extremity fasciotomy in fresh cadavers measured by validated individual procedure score (IPS) was primary outcome...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732502/retention-of-knowledge-and-skills-in-pediatric-basic-life-support-amongst-pediatricians
#13
Mathijs Binkhorst, Michelle Coopmans, Jos M T Draaisma, Petra Bot, Marije Hogeveen
Retention of resuscitation skills is usually assessed at a predefined moment, which enables participants to prepare themselves, possibly introducing bias. In this multicenter study, we evaluated the retention of knowledge and skills in pediatric basic life support (PBLS) amongst 58 pediatricians and pediatric residents with an unannounced examination. Practical PBLS skills were assessed with a validated scoring instrument, theoretical knowledge with a 10-item multiple-choice test (MCQ). Participants self-assessed their PBLS capabilities using five-point Likert scales...
May 7, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716613/task-shifting-in-health-service-delivery-from-a-decision-and-policy-makers-perspective-a-case-of-uganda
#14
Sebastian Olikira Baine, Arabat Kasangaki, Euzobia Margaret Mugisha Baine
BACKGROUND: Documented evidence shows that task shifting has been practiced in Uganda to bridge the gaps in the health workers' numbers since 1918. The objectives of this study were to provide a synthesis of the available evidence on task shifting in Uganda; to establish levels of understanding, perceptions on task shifting and acceptability from the decision and policy makers' perspective; and to provide recommendations on the implications of task shifting for the health of the population in Ugandan and human resource management policy...
May 2, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715203/transforming-orientation-through-a-tiered-skills-acquisition-model
#15
M Ellen Joswiak
The tiered skills acquisition model (TSAM) is an effective method for structuring the clinical unit orientation. The orientee gradually assumes increased responsibilities based on advancing through tiers of skills from simple to complex. This article focuses on TSAM implemented at a teaching hospital with 188 newly licensed registered nurses. TSAM has increased nurses' confidence, role satisfaction, retention, reduced overall length of orientation by 18%, and increased the number of patient experiences by 45%...
May 2018: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714614/medical-writing-competency-model-section-2-knowledge-skills-abilities-and-behaviors
#16
David B Clemow, Bertil Wagner, Christopher Marshallsay, Dan Benau, Darryl L'Heureux, David H Brown, Devjani Ghosh Dasgupta, Eileen Girten, Frank Hubbard, Helle-Mai Gawrylewski, Hiroko Ebina, Janet Stoltenborg, J P York, Kim Green, Linda Fossati Wood, Lisa Toth, Michael Mihm, Nancy R Katz, Nina-Maria Vasconcelos, Norihisa Sakiyama, Robin Whitsell, Shobha Gopalakrishnan, Susan Bairnsfather, Tatyana Wanderer, Thomas M Schindler, Yeshi Mikyas, Yumiko Aoyama
This article provides Section 2 of the 2017 Edition 2 Medical Writing Competency Model that describes the knowledge, skills, abilities, and behaviors that professional medical writers need in order to perform effectively within the life sciences industry. What a medical writer should know, what they should be able to do, and how they should use this knowledge and these skills to facilitate their primary work function is a focus. Regulatory, publication, and other scientific writing as well as management of writing activities are covered...
January 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714611/medical-writing-competency-model-section-1-functions-tasks-and-activities
#17
David B Clemow, Bertil Wagner, Christopher Marshallsay, Dan Benau, Darryl L'Heureux, David H Brown, Devjani Ghosh Dasgupta, Eileen Girten, Frank Hubbard, Helle-Mai Gawrylewski, Hiroko Ebina, Janet Stoltenborg, J P York, Kim Green, Linda Fossati Wood, Lisa Toth, Michael Mihm, Nancy R Katz, Nina-Maria Vasconcelos, Norihisa Sakiyama, Robin Whitsell, Shobha Gopalakrishnan, Susan Bairnsfather, Tatyana Wanderer, Thomas M Schindler, Yeshi Mikyas, Yumiko Aoyama
This article provides Section 1 of the 2017 Edition 2 Medical Writing Competency Model that describes the core work functions and associated tasks and activities related to professional medical writing within the life sciences industry. The functions in the Model are scientific communication strategy; document preparation, development, and finalization; document project management; document template, standard, format, and style development and maintenance; outsourcing, alliance partner, and client management; knowledge, skill, ability, and behavior development and sharing; and process improvement...
January 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708381/do-we-know-what-we-need-preference-for-feedback-about-accurate-performances-does-not-benefit-sensorimotor-learning
#18
Flavio Henrique Bastos, Go Tani, Ricardo Drews, Stephan Riek, Welber Marinovic
Previous research on skill acquisition has shown that learners seem to prefer receiving knowledge of results (KR) about those trials in which they have performed more accurately. In the present study, we assessed whether this preference leads to an advantage in terms of skill acquisition, transfer, and retention of their capacity to extrapolate the motion of decelerating objects during periods of visual occlusion. Instead of questionnaires, we adopted a more direct approach to investigate learners' preferences for KR...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707205/timely-referral-saves-the-lives-of-mothers-and-newborns-midwifery-led-continuum-of-care-in-marginalized-teagarden-communities-a-qualitative-case-study-in-bangladesh
#19
Animesh Biswas, Rondi Anderson, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Abu Sayeed Md Abdullah, Nabila Purno, Fazlur Rahman, Abdul Halim
Background: Prompt and efficient identification, referral of pregnancy related complications and emergencies are key factors to the reduction of maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. As a response to this critical need, a midwifery led continuum of reproductive health care was introduced in five teagardens in the Sylhet division, Bangladesh during 2016. Within this intervention, professional midwives provided reproductive healthcare to pregnant teagarden women in the community.  This study evaluates the effect of the referral of pregnancy related complications...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700874/the-concept-of-compassion-within-uk-media-generated-discourse-a-corpus-informed-analysis
#20
Carmel Bond, Gemma Stacey, Sarah Field-Richards, Patrick Callaghan, Philip Keeley, Joanne Lymn, Sarah Redsell, Helen Spiby
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine how the concept of compassion is socially constructed within UK discourse, in response to recommendations that aspiring nurses gain care experience prior to entering nurse education. BACKGROUND: Following a report of significant failings in care, the UK government proposed prior care experience for aspiring nurses as a strategy to enhance compassion amongst the profession. Media reporting of this generated substantial online discussion, which formed the data for this research...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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