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Skills retention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079722/development-and-preliminary-pilot-testing-of-a-peer-support-text-messaging-intervention-for-hiv-infected-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#1
Theresa E Senn, Amy Braksmajer, Patricia Coury-Doniger, Marguerite A Urban, Adam Rossi, Michael P Carey
BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately infected with HIV and are less well retained along the HIV continuum of care. We report on the feasibility of a peer support text messaging intervention designed to increase retention in HIV care and HIV medication adherence among HIV-infected black men who have sex with men. METHODS: Based on formative research, a cell phone app was developed to support a peer-based text messaging intervention...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078455/retention-of-laparoscopic-and-robotic-skills-among-medical-students-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Megan S Orlando, Lauren Thomaier, Melinda G Abernethy, Chi Chiung Grace Chen
BACKGROUND: Although simulation training beneficially contributes to traditional surgical training, there are less objective data on simulation skills retention. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the retention of laparoscopic and robotic skills after simulation training. METHODS: We present the second stage of a randomized single-blinded controlled trial in which 40 simulation-naïve medical students were randomly assigned to practice peg transfer tasks on either laparoscopic (N = 20, Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery, Venture Technologies Inc...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068980/use-of-information-and-communication-technology-and-retention-of-health-workers-in-rural-post-war-conflict-northern-uganda-findings-from-a-qualitative-study
#3
Walter Onen Yagos, Geoffrey Tabo Olok, Emilio Ovuga
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies have become a vital infrastructural asset for use in the retention of rural health workers. However, little is known about the potential influence of ICT use, perceptions of health workers on ICT in healthcare delivery, and contribution of ICT to health care providers' retention in rural and remote areas in rural post-war and conflict situations of northern Uganda. METHODS: Data from interviews were transcribed, coded and thematically analysed...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059603/retention-of-basic-life-support-in-laypeople-mastery-learning-vs-time-based-education
#4
Sylvain Boet, M Dylan Bould, Ashlee-Ann Pigford, Bernhard Rössler, Pratheeban Nambyiah, Qi Li, Alexandra Bunting, Karl Schebesta
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a mastery learning (ML) versus a time-based (TB) BLS course for the acquisition and retention of BLS knowledge and skills in laypeople. METHODS: After ethics approval, laypeople were randomized to a ML or TB BLS course based on the American Heart Association (AHA) Heartsaver course. In the ML group, subjects practiced and received feedback at six BLS stations until they reached a pre-determined level of performance. The TB group received a standard AHA six-station BLS course...
January 6, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059054/randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-families-for-health-a-family-based-childhood-obesity-treatment-intervention-delivered-in-a-community-setting-for-ages-6-to-11-years
#5
Wendy Robertson, Joanna Fleming, Atiya Kamal, Thomas Hamborg, Kamran A Khan, Frances Griffiths, Sarah Stewart-Brown, Nigel Stallard, Stavros Petrou, Douglas Simkiss, Elizabeth Harrison, Sung Wook Kim, Margaret Thorogood
BACKGROUND: Effective programmes to help children manage their weight are required. 'Families for Health' focuses on a parenting approach, designed to help parents develop their parenting skills to support lifestyle change within the family. Families for Health version 1 showed sustained reductions in mean body mass index (BMI) z-score after 2 years in a pilot project. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in a randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045885/moral-distress-model-reconstructed-using-grounded-theory
#6
Hsun-Kuei Ko, Chi-Chun Chin, Min-Tao Hsu
BACKGROUND: The problems of nurse burnout and manpower shortage relate to moral distress. Thus, having a good understanding of moral distress is critical to developing strategies that effectively improve the clinical ethical climate and improve nursing retention in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to reconstruct the model of moral distress using the grounded theory. METHODS: Twenty-five staff nurses at work units who attend to the needs of adult, pediatric, acute, and critical disease or end-of-life-care patients were recruited as participants using theoretical sampling from three teaching hospitals in Taiwan...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044238/vaporize-anatomically-vaporize-or-enucleate-the-prostate-the-flexible-use-of-the-greenlight-laser
#7
Luca Cindolo, Lorenzo Ruggera, Paolo Destefanis, Claudio Dadone, Giovanni Ferrari
PURPOSES: GreenLight laser has gained increasing acceptance as a less invasive treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH/LUTS). Three surgical options were developed: standard photovaporization (PVP), anatomical PVP and GreenLight enucleation of prostate (GreenLEP); however, literature lacks a direct comparison among the procedures. Aim of the present study is to compare the three techniques in a multicentre series of patients. METHODS: Data were collected from consecutive patients with indication to surgical management of BPH/LUTS in five institutions...
January 2, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041606/acquisition-retention-and-transfer-of-simulated-laparoscopic-tasks-using-fnir-and-a-contextual-interference-paradigm
#8
Patricia A Shewokis, Faiz U Shariff, Yichuan Liu, Hasan Ayaz, Andres Castellanos, D Scott Lind
BACKGROUND: Using functional near infrared spectroscopy, a noninvasive, optical brain imaging tool that monitors changes in hemodynamics within the prefrontal cortex (PFC), we assessed performance and cognitive effort during the acquisition, retention and transfer of multiple simulated laparoscopic tasks by novice learners within a contextual interference paradigm. METHODS: Third-year medical students (n = 10) were randomized to either a blocked or random practice schedule...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038502/interaction-between-motor-ability-and-skill-learning-in-children-application-of-implicit-and-explicit-approaches
#9
Jon P Maxwell, Catherine M Capio, Rich S W Masters
The benefits of implicit and explicit motor learning approaches in young adults have been studied extensively, but much less in children. This study investigated the relationship between fundamental motor ability and implicit/explicit learning in children using the errorless learning paradigm. First, the motor ability of 261 children (142 boys, 119 girls) aged 9-12 years (M = 9.74, SD = 0.67) was measured. Second, children with motor ability scores in the upper and lower quartile learned a golf-putting skill in either an errorless (implicit) or errorful (explicit) learning condition...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031605/role-play-as-an-educational-tool-in-medication-communication-skills-students-perspectives
#10
S H Lavanya, L Kalpana, R M Veena, V D Bharath Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Medication communication skills are vital aspects of patient care that may influence treatment outcomes. However, traditional pharmacology curriculum deals with imparting factual information, with little emphasis on patient communication. The current study aims to explore students' perceptions of role-play as an educational tool in acquiring communication skills and to ascertain the need of role-play for their future clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This questionnaire-based study was done in 2(nd) professional MBBS students...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011014/effects-of-a-retention-interval-and-refresher-session-on-intracorporeal-suturing-and-knot-tying-skill-and-mental-workload
#11
Mark W Scerbo, Rebecca C Britt, Michael Montano, Rebecca A Kennedy, Erik Prytz, Dimitrios Stefanidis
BACKGROUND: The effects of refraining from practice for different intervals on laparoscopic suturing and mental workload was assessed with a secondary task developed by the authors. We expected the inability to practice to produce a decrease in performance on the suturing, knot tying, and secondary task and skills to rebound after a single refresher session. METHODS: In total, 22 surgical assistant and premedical students trained to Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery proficiency in intracorporeal suturing and knot tying were assessed on that task using a secondary task...
December 20, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011009/early-crisis-nontechnical-skill-teaching-in-residency-leads-to-long-term-skill-retention-and-improved-performance-during-crises-a-prospective-nonrandomized-controlled-study
#12
Aristithes G Doumouras, Paul T Engels
BACKGROUND: Medical error is common in crises, and the majority of observed errors are nontechnical in nature. The long-term impact of teaching crisis nontechnical skills to residents has not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of simulation-based teaching of crisis nontechnical skills compared to controls one year after initial teaching. METHODS: This was a prospective study using both historical controls and a before-and-after methodology to evaluate the effect of a high-fidelity simulation curriculum that used crisis resource management principles to teach nontechnical skills...
December 20, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003800/retention-of-laparoscopic-psychomotor-skills-after-a-structured-training-program-depends-on-the-quality-of-the-training-and-on-the-complexity-of-the-task
#13
Carlos Roger Molinas, Rudi Campo
This follow-up RCT was conducted to evaluate laparoscopic psychomotor skills retention after finishing a structured training program. In a first study, 80 gynecologists were randomly allocated to four groups to follow different training programs for hand-eye coordination (task 1) with the dominant hand (task 1-a) and the non-dominant hand (task 1-b) and laparoscopic intra-corporeal knot tying (task 2) in the Laparoscopic Skills Testing and Training (LASTT) model. First, baseline skills were tested (T1). Then, participants trained task 1 (G1: 1-a and 1-b, G2: 1-a only, G3 and G4: none) and then task 2 (all groups but G4)...
2016: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988169/the-effects-of-spacing-naps-and-fatigue-on-the-acquisition-and-retention-of-laparoscopic-skills
#14
Edward N Spruit, Guido P H Band, Kristiaan B van der Heijden, Jaap F Hamming
BACKGROUND: Earlier research has shown that laparoscopic skills are trained more efficiently on a spaced schedule compared to a massed schedule. The aim of the study was to estimate to what extent the spacing interval, naps, and fatigue influenced the effectiveness of spacing laparoscopy training. METHODS: Overall 4 groups of trainees (aged 17-41y; 72% female; Nmassed = 40; Nbreak = 35; Nbreak-nap = 37; Nspaced = 37) without prior experience were trained in 3 laparoscopic tasks using a physical box trainer with different scheduling interventions...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27985968/career-planning-for-the-non-clinical-workforce-an-opportunity-to-develop-a-sustainable-workforce-in-primary-care
#15
Jacqueline A Tavabie, Jacqueline M Simms
Many health and social care systems worldwide have been developing a variety of navigator and signposting roles to help patients negotiate care through increasingly complex systems and multiple provider agencies. This UK project aims to explore, through a combination of job description review and workshops of stakeholders, the common competencies and features of non-clinical roles. The information is collated to develop common job descriptions at four key levels. These form the basis for a career pathway supported by portfolio-based educational programmes, embracing Apprenticeship Training Programmes...
December 16, 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977385/it
#16
Jennifer May, Judi Walker, Mathew McGrail, Fran Rolley
Objectives Regional centres and their rural hinterlands support significant populations of non-metropolitan Australians. Despite their importance in the settlement hierarchy and the key medical services provided from these centres, little research has focused on their issues of workforce supply and long-term service requirements. In addition, they are a critical component of the recent growth of 'regional' hub-and-spoke specialist models of service delivery.Methods The present study interviewed 62 resident specialists in four regional centres, seeking to explore recruitment and retention factors important to their location decision making...
December 16, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977284/adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-girls-in-child-welfare
#17
Wendy Auslander, Hollee McGinnis, Sarah Tlapek, Penny Smith, April Foster, Tonya Edmond, Jerry Dunn
This study describes the process of adapting and implementing Girls Aspiring toward Independence (GAIN), a trauma-focused, group-based therapy adapted from Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS) for girls in child welfare. Descriptive data were examined on 3 outcomes: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and social problem-solving skills among adolescent girls in the child welfare system. Qualitative and quantitative methods were utilized to inform the adaptation of the CBITS intervention, evaluate feasibility, treatment fidelity, and acceptability, and to test the effects of the intervention...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958242/rural-posting-experience-requests-for-transfer-and-perspectives-about-critical-factors-for-staff-retention-among-primary-health-care-workers-in-urban-kano-nigeria
#18
U M Lawan, G T Amole, J H Khayi
BACKGROUND: Inadequate skilled manpower at rural posts is a serious impediment toward equitable and universal access to healthcare in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To examine the experiences of primary health care (PHC) workers on rural assignments, requests for transfer, and perspectives about critical factors for retention of healthcare workers at rural posts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using descriptive cross-sectional design, 262 PHC workers in Kano were studied...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942953/relatedness-support-enhances-motor-learning
#19
Daniela H Gonzalez, Suzete Chiviacowsky
The present experiment was designed to test the effects of practice with relatedness support on motor learning. Forty-five young adults practiced a task in which they were required to learn to swim the front crawl stroke for one length in an indoor swimming pool (25 m) using 50% of the maximal speed. In the relatedness support condition (RS group), the instructions emphasized acknowledgement, caring, and interest in the participants' experiences, while in the relatedness thwart condition (RTh group), instructions emphasized disinterest in the participant as a person...
December 10, 2016: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926442/intrinsic-motivation-curiosity-and-learning-theory-and-applications-in-educational-technologies
#20
P-Y Oudeyer, J Gottlieb, M Lopes
This chapter studies the bidirectional causal interactions between curiosity and learning and discusses how understanding these interactions can be leveraged in educational technology applications. First, we review recent results showing how state curiosity, and more generally the experience of novelty and surprise, can enhance learning and memory retention. Then, we discuss how psychology and neuroscience have conceptualized curiosity and intrinsic motivation, studying how the brain can be intrinsically rewarded by novelty, complexity, or other measures of information...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
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