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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727537/state-health-agency-and-local-health-department-workforce-identifying-top-development-needs
#1
Angela J Beck, Jonathon P Leider, Fatima Coronado, Elizabeth Harper
OBJECTIVES: To identify occupations with high-priority workforce development needs at public health departments in the United States. METHODS: We surveyed 46 state health agencies (SHAs) and 112 local health departments (LHDs). We asked respondents to prioritize workforce needs for 29 occupations and identify whether more positions, more qualified candidates, more competitive salaries for recruitment or retention, or new or different staff skills were needed. RESULTS: Forty-one SHAs (89%) and 36 LHDs (32%) participated...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721117/experiential-learning-in-physical-therapy-education
#2
Susan N Smith, Amy F Crocker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Experiential learning can provide students in entry-level physical therapy (PT) education programs the opportunity to practice skills and techniques, learned in the classroom, in a real-world setting. Experiential learning is currently being utilized in all entry-level PT programs in the form of professional practice experiences but may be integrated throughout the curriculum to enhance student engagement and knowledge application and retention. The purpose of this paper is to express the need for increased integration of experiential learning into entry-level PT education curricula...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720259/empowering-survivors-after-colorectal-and-lung-cancer-treatment-pilot-study-of-a-self-management-survivorship-care-planning-intervention
#3
Anne Reb, Nora Ruel, Marwan Fakih, Lily Lai, Ravi Salgia, Betty Ferrell, Sagus Sampath, Jae Y Kim, Dan J Raz, Virginia Sun
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the feasibility and acceptability of a Self-Management Survivorship Care Planning (SM-SCP) intervention in colorectal and lung cancer survivors. METHODS: This is a single-group, pre- and post-mixed methods study of an advance practice nurse-driven survivorship care intervention that integrates a survivorship care plan with self-management skills coaching. Colorectal and lung cancer survivors with stage I-III disease were enrolled at 3-6 months after completing treatments, and the intervention was administered in one in-person or telephone session...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717778/retention-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-skills-after-hands-only-training-versus-conventional-training-in-novices-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Young Joon Kim, Youngsuk Cho, Gyu Chong Cho, Hyun Kyung Ji, Song Yi Han, Jin Hyuck Lee
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training can improve performance during simulated cardiac arrest; however, retention of skills after training remains uncertain. Recently, hands-only CPR has been shown to be as effective as conventional CPR. The purpose of this study is to compare the retention rate of CPR skills in laypersons after hands-only or conventional CPR training. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 CPR training methods: 80 minutes of hands-only CPR training or 180 minutes of conventional CPR training...
June 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717721/evaluation-of-a-smartphone-based-training-strategy-among-health-care-workers-screening-for-cervical-cancer-in-northern-tanzania-the-kilimanjaro-method
#5
Karen E Yeates, Jessica Sleeth, Wilma Hopman, Ophira Ginsburg, Katharine Heus, Linda Andrews, Mary Rose Giattas, Safina Yuma, Godwin Macheku, Aziz Msuya, Olola Oneko
PURPOSE: Almost nine of 10 deaths resulting from cervical cancer occur in low-income countries. Visual inspection under acetic acid (VIA) is an evidence-based, cost-effective approach to cervical cancer screening (CCS), but challenges to effective implementation include health provider training costs, provider turnover, and skills retention. We hypothesized that a smartphone camera and use of cervical image transfer for real-time mentorship by experts located distantly across a closed user group through a commercially available smartphone application would be both feasible and effective in enhancing VIA skills among CCS providers in Tanzania...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713295/women-s-reasons-for-leaving-the-engineering-field
#6
Nadya A Fouad, Wen-Hsin Chang, Min Wan, Romila Singh
Among the different Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math fields, engineering continues to have one of the highest rates of attrition (Hewlett et al., 2008). The turnover rate for women engineers from engineering fields is even higher than for men (Frehill, 2010). Despite increased efforts from researchers, there are still large gaps in our understanding of the reasons that women leave engineering. This study aims to address this gap by examining the reasons why women leave engineering. Specifically, we analyze the reasons for departure given by national sample of 1,464 women engineers who left the profession after having worked in the engineering field...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707149/long-term-quality-of-life-and-outcomes-following-robotic-assisted-tapp-inguinal-hernia-repair
#7
Andrew Iraniha, Joshua Peloquin
Laparoscopic TAPP inguinal hernia repair is an established alternative to open hernia repair, which offers equivalent outcomes with less postoperative pain and faster recovery. Unfortunately, it remains technically challenging, requiring advanced laparoscopic skills which have limited its popularity among surgeons. The robotic platform has the potential to overcome these challenges. The objective of this study was to examine the long-term quality of life and outcomes following robotic assisted TAPP inguinal hernia repair, since these data have not been reported up to now...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691645/a-single-bout-of-high-intensity-interval-training-improves-motor-skill-retention-in-individuals-with-stroke
#8
Jean-Francois Nepveu, Alexander Thiel, Ada Tang, Joyce Fung, Jesper Lundbye-Jensen, Lara A Boyd, Marc Roig
BACKGROUND: One bout of high-intensity cardiovascular exercise performed immediately after practicing a motor skill promotes changes in the neuroplasticity of the motor cortex and facilitates motor learning in nondisabled individuals. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a bout of exercise performed at high intensity is sufficient to induce neuroplastic changes and improve motor skill retention in patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with different levels of motor impairment were recruited...
July 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688905/long-term-motor-learning-effects-of-varied-and-specific-practice
#9
Chéla R Willey, Zili Liu
According to the schema theory, variability during practice allows for a larger repertoire of movements to help form a generalized motor program for similar motor skills. Varied training is thought to enhance long-term retention of the motor program due to the heightened difficulty presented. In a highly cited study on this topic, Kerr and Booth (Perceptual and Motor Skills 46 (1978), 395-401) trained two groups of children for 10weeks to throw a beanbag towards either one central target (specific group) or two targets that were ±1 foot away from the central target (varied group)...
July 19, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683558/supporting-university-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Ashleigh Hillier, Jody Goldstein, Deirdra Murphy, Rhoda Trietsch, Jacqueline Keeves, Eva Mendes, Alexa Queenan
Increasing numbers of students with autism spectrum disorder are entering higher education. Their success can be jeopardized by organizational, social/emotional, and academic challenges if appropriate supports are not in place. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a support group model for university students with autism spectrum disorder in improving psychological and functional outcomes. A curriculum guided the weekly discussions and consisted of topics such as time and stress management, managing group work, and social communication...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682295/implementing-a-chronic-wound-care-curriculum-for-internal-medicine-residents
#11
Elizabeth Foy White-Chu, Tri Le, Renee Cordrey
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if participation in a practice-based learning session would change the residents' reported wound care practice. METHODS: A 90-minute didactic and skills workshop in chronic wound care was provided to 89 internal medicine (IM) residents divided into 4 groups, who were asked to complete an anonymous clinical vignette survey prior to the session and again 3 months after the practice-based learning session. RESULTS: Comparisons of the pretest and posttest scores (Mann-Whitney U Test) showed only ordering moisture-retentive dressing changed significantly...
June 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676769/spacing-repetitions-over-long-timescales-a-review-and-a-reconsolidation-explanation
#12
Christopher D Smith, Damian Scarf
Recent accounts of the spacing effect have proposed molecular explanations that explain spacing over short, but not long timescales. In the first half of this paper, we review research on the spacing effect that has employed spaces of 24 h or more across skill-related tasks, language-related tasks and generalization for adults and children. Throughout this review, we distinguish between learning and retention by defining learning (or acquisition) as performance at the end of training and retention as performance after a delay period...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668279/the-influence-of-high-intensity-exercise-and-the-val66met-polymorphism-on-circulating-bdnf-and-locomotor-learning
#13
Erin E Helm, Kathleen S Matt, Kenneth F Kirschner, Ryan T Pohlig, Dave Kohl, Darcy S Reisman
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been directly related to exercise-enhanced motor performance in the neurologically injured animal model; however literature concerning the role of BDNF in the enhancement of motor learning in the human population is limited. Previous studies in healthy subjects have examined the relationship between intensity of an acute bout of exercise, increases in peripheral BDNF and motor learning of a simple isometric upper extremity task. The current study examined the role of high intensity exercise on upregulation of peripheral BDNF levels as well as the role of high intensity exercise in mediation of motor learning and retention of a novel locomotor task in neurologically intact adults...
June 29, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661914/exploration-of-two-training-paradigms-using-forced-induced-weight-shifting-with-the-tethered-pelvic-assist-device-to-reduce-asymmetry-in-individuals-after-stroke-case-reports
#14
Lauri Bishop, Moiz Khan, Dario Martelli, Lori Quinn, Joel Stein, Sunil Agrawal
Many robotic devices in rehabilitation incorporate an assist-as-needed haptic guidance paradigm to promote training. This error reduction model, while beneficial for skill acquisition, could be detrimental for long-term retention. Error augmentation (EA) models have been explored as alternatives. A robotic Tethered Pelvic Assist Device has been developed to study force application to the pelvis on gait and was used here to induce weight shift onto the paretic (error reduction) or nonparetic (error augmentation) limb during treadmill training...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661178/retrieval-practice-makes-procedure-from-remembering-an-automatization-account-of-the-testing-effect
#15
Mihály Racsmány, Ágnes Szőllősi, Dorottya Bencze
The "testing effect" refers to the striking phenomenon that repeated retrieval practice is one of the most effective learning strategies, and certainly more advantageous for long-term learning, than additional restudying of the same information. How retrieval can boost the retention of memories is still without unanimous explanation. In 3 experiments, focusing on the reaction time (RT) of retrieval, we showed that RT of retrieval during retrieval practice followed a power function speed up that typically characterizes automaticity and skill learning...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660118/intervening-during-and-after-pregnancy-to-prevent-weight-retention-among-african-american-women
#16
Sharon J Herring, Jane F Cruice, Gary G Bennett, Niesha Darden, Jessica J Wallen, Marisa Z Rose, Adam Davey, Gary D Foster
Efforts to prevent postpartum weight retention in extant clinical trials of African American women have proven exceedingly challenging. The primary purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether a behavioral intervention implemented in early pregnancy through 6 months postpartum could increase the proportion of African American women who were at or below their early pregnancy weights by 6 months postpartum. We additionally evaluated whether mothers' postpartum weight loss could be maintained at 12 months postpartum...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657333/60-minutes-for-health-examining-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-low-resource-behavioral-intervention-designed-to-promote-retention-in-hiv-care
#17
Laramie R Smith, K Rivet Amico, Jeffrey D Fisher, Chinazo O Cunningham
Sustained retention in HIV medical care is a key health behavior for the long-term health of people living with HIV (PLWH). Approximately 60% of PLWH in the U.S. are poorly retained in HIV care, yet to date, the few available evidence-based retention-promoting interventions are resource and time intensive to implement. The current study describes the feasibility and acceptability of a theory-based retention-promoting intervention designed to meet the needs of a busy clinical care setting. 60 Minutes for Health reflects a low-resource single-session intervention, implemented by a health educator, to PLWH who have had a recent gap in care (≥6-months) in the past 18-months...
June 28, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657146/an-examination-of-advanced-practice-nurses-job-satisfaction-internationally
#18
M K Steinke, M Rogers, D Lehwaldt, K Lamarche
AIM: To examine the level of job satisfaction of nurse practitioners/advanced practice nurses in developing and developed countries. BACKGROUND: The nurse practitioner/advanced practice nurse has the advanced, complex skills and experience to play an important role in providing equitable health care across all nations. INTRODUCTION: Key factors that contribute to health disparities include lack of access to global health human resources, the right skill mix of healthcare providers and the satisfaction and retention of quality workers...
June 28, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655043/the-impact-of-feedback-frequency-on-performance-in-a-novel-speech-motor-learning-task
#19
Mara Steinberg Lowe, Adam Buchwald
Purpose: This study investigated whether whole nonword accuracy, phoneme accuracy, and acoustic duration measures were influenced by the amount of feedback speakers without impairment received during a novel speech motor learning task. Method: Thirty-two native English speakers completed a nonword production task across 3 time points: practice, short-term retention, and long-term retention. During practice, participants received knowledge of results feedback according to a randomly assigned schedule (100%, 50%, 20%, or 0%)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655041/game-based-augmented-visual-feedback-for-enlarging-speech-movements-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Yana Yunusova, Elaine Kearney, Madhura Kulkarni, Brandon Haworth, Melanie Baljko, Petros Faloutsos
Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to demonstrate the effect of augmented visual feedback on acquisition and short-term retention of a relatively simple instruction to increase movement amplitude during speaking tasks in patients with dysarthria due to Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: Nine patients diagnosed with PD, hypokinetic dysarthria, and impaired speech intelligibility participated in a training program aimed at increasing the size of their articulatory (tongue) movements during sentences...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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