Read by QxMD icon Read

Skills retention

Robert W Irwin, Jeffrey Smith, S Barry Issenberg
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (ABPMR) developed milestones for evaluation of resident physicians that include proper musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) examination of major joints. To date, there have been no published data demonstrating acquisition and retention of these skills and correlation with the milestone evaluation. The investigators developed and implemented a curriculum in musculoskeletal ultrasound examination for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) residents at a large academic medical center...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Violeta González-Salvado, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Carlos Peña-Gil, Carmen Neiro-Rey, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
AIM: Early basic life support is crucial to enhance survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest but rates remain low, especially in households. High-risk groups' training has been advocated, but the optimal method is unclear. The CArdiac REhabilitation and BAsic life Support (CAREBAS) project aims to compare the effectiveness of two basic life support educational strategies implemented in a cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: A community intervention study including consecutive patients enrolled on an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program after acute coronary syndrome or revascularization was conducted...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
Gaspar Epro, Andreas Mierau, Christopher McCrum, Michael Leyendecker, Gert-Peter Bruggemann, Kiros Karamanidis
The plantar flexors play a crucial role in recovery from sudden disturbances to gait. The objective of this study was to investigate whether medium (months) or long-term (years) exercise-induced enhancement of triceps surae (TS) neuromuscular capacities affects older adults' ability to retain improvements in reactive gait stability during perturbed walking acquired from perturbation training sessions. Thirty-four female adults (65{plus minus}7y) were recruited to a perturbation training group (n=13) or a group which additionally completed 14 weeks of TS neuromuscular exercise (n=21), 12 of whom continued with the exercise for 1...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
Jonathan W Brandon, Justin K Solarczyk, Timur S Durrani
Lead toxicity is an important environmental disease and its effects on the human body can be devastating. Unique exposures to Special Operations Forces personnel may include use of firing ranges, use of automotive fuels, production of ammunition, and bodily retention of bullets. Toxicity may degrade physical and psychological fitness, and cause long-term negative health outcomes. Specific effects on fine motor movements, reaction times, and global function could negatively affect shooting skills and decision-making...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Mallika Gopal, Alexus A Skobodzinski, Helene M Sterbling, Sowmya R Rao, Christopher LaChapelle, Kei Suzuki, Virginia R Litle
BACKGROUND: Procedural simulation training is rare at the medical school level and little is known about its usefulness in improving anatomical understanding and procedural confidence in students. Our aim is to assess the impact of bronchoscopy simulation training on bronchial anatomy knowledge and technical skills in medical students. METHODS: Medical students were recruited by email, consented, and asked to fill out a survey regarding their baseline experience...
March 9, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Patrick G Chan, Lara W Schaheen, Ernest G Chan, Chris C Cook, James D Luketich, Jonathan D'Cunha
OBJECTIVE: Transitioning from medical school and general surgery training to cardiothoracic (CT) surgical training poses unique challenges for trainees and patient care. We hypothesized that participation in technology-enhanced simulation modules that provided early exposure to urgent/emergent CT patient problems would improve cognitive skills and readiness to manage common urgencies/emergencies. DESIGN: Traditional and integrated cardiothoracic residents at our institution participated in a technology-enhanced simulation curriculum...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
A Veerasamy, C Loch, L Adam, B J Howe, P A Brunton
PURPOSE: The study was conducted to identify possible factors and potential barriers that affect the retention and recruitment of clinical teaching staff at the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, New Zealand. METHODOLOGY: A short questionnaire survey was distributed to 47 clinical teaching staff to understand the retention strategies and barriers. The collected quantitative and qualitative data were analysed and presented. FINDINGS: The response rate was 96%, with an equal distribution of female and male clinicians...
March 11, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
R Modi, K R Amico, A Knudson, A O Westfall, J Keruly, H M Crane, E B Quinlivan, C Golin, J Willig, A Zinski, R Moore, S Napravnik, L Bryan, M S Saag, M J Mugavero
In the first year after HIV diagnosis, patients are simultaneously processing with their diagnosis, typically with an emotional component, while also developing a routine of regular medical care visits and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. Maintaining "HIV adherence" and integrating it into one's daily life is required to sustain viral load suppression (VS) over time. The HIV care continuum or "treatment cascade," an epidemiological snapshot of the national epidemic in the United States (US), indicates that a minority of persons living with HIV (PLWH) have achieved VS...
March 8, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Stacy M Stellflug, Nancy K Lowe
PURPOSE: Rural health care providers (HCPs) care for millions of Americans despite challenges. Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) provides rural HCPs training in assessment and interventions for critically ill/injured pediatric patients (American Heart Association, 2015). The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of integration of high fidelity simulators into PALS courses in a rural setting. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were randomized by course to control or experimental PALS conditions where the control group received PALS with low fidelity static manikins (LFM) and the experimental group received PALS with high-fidelity simulators (HFS)...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Catherine T Recznik, Lynn M Simko
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to review the currently published literature on the topic of pediatric triage education. METHOD: An integrative review of the literature was conducted using database searching and historical record review. RESULTS: A wide variety of pediatric triage educational methods exist, but studies with the highest-quality ratings most often used simulation programs or a standardized curriculum. Although there was a good deal of heterogeneity in terms of the outcomes measured, the accuracy of triage improved following educational interventions...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Tina Heidi Pedersen, Nina Kasper, Hari Roman, Mike Egloff, David Marx, Sandra Abegglen, Robert Greif
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate whether pure self-learning without instructor support, resulted in the same BLS-competencies as facilitator-led learning, when using the same commercially available video BLS teaching kit. METHODS: First-year medical students were randomised to either BLS self-learning without supervision or facilitator-led BLS-teaching. Both groups used the MiniAnne kit (Laerdal Medical, Stavanger, Norway) in the students' local language. Directly after the teaching and three months later, all participants were tested on their BLS-competencies in a simulated scenario, using the Resusci Anne SkillReporter™ (Laerdal Medical, Stavanger, Norway)...
March 6, 2018: Resuscitation
Malinda R Douglas, Jon P Lowry, Latricia A Morgan
Training of practitioners on evidence-based public health has shown to be beneficial, yet overwhelming. Chunking information and proximate practical application are effective techniques to increase retention in adult learning. Evidence-based public health training for practitioners from African American and Hispanic/Latino community agencies and tribes/tribal nations incorporated these 2 techniques. The community-level practitioners alternated attending training and implementing the steps of the evidence-based public health framework as they planned state-funded programs...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Anne Marie Russell, Sandra Olive, Sarah Lines, Anna Murphy, Julie Hocking, Karen Newell, Helen Morris, Emma Harris, Catherine Dixon, Sarah Agnew, Geraldine Burge
The role of clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) in interstitial lung disease (ILD) is evolving in response to clinical guidelines and the growth of clinical research. The role is well established in the UK, although more ILD posts are needed to ensure supply meets clinical demand. This phenomenon is also happening across Europe. An appreciation of the similarities and differences between CNS and advanced nurse practitioners is important given the challenges in defining, developing and supporting this nursing specialisation...
March 2018: Breathe
Magali Fassiotto, Yvonne Maldonado, Joseph Hopkins
Purpose Physician leadership programs serve to develop individual capabilities and to affect organizational outcomes. Evaluations of such programs often focus solely on short-term increases in individual capabilities. The purpose of this paper is to assess long-term individual and organizational outcomes of the Stanford Leadership Development Program. Design/methodology/approach There are three data sources for this mixed-methods study: a follow-up survey in 2013-2014 of program participants ( n=131) and matched (control) non-participants ( n=82) from the 2006 to 2011 program years; promotion and retention data; and qualitative in-person interview data...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Victoria A McCredie, Gentle S Shrestha, Subhash Acharya, Antonio Bellini, Jeffrey M Singh, J Claude Hemphill, Alberto Goffi
Background: The Emergency Neurological Life Support (ENLS) is an educational initiative designed to improve the acute management of neurological injuries. However, the applicability of the course in low-income countries in unknown. We evaluated the impact of the course on knowledge, decision-making skills and preparedness to manage neurological emergencies in a resource-limited country. Methods: A prospective cohort study design was implemented for the first ENLS course held in Asia...
March 1, 2018: International Health
Yuqing Guo, Julie Rousseau, Patricia Renno, Priscilla Kehoe, Monique Daviss, Sara Flores, Kathleen Saunders, Susanne Phillips, Mindy Chin, Lorraine S Evangelista
PROBLEM: Hispanic children have greater mental health challenges but fewer received mental health services than other ethnic groups. A classroom-based Emotional Health Curriculum (EHC) was developed to address mental health disparities in an underserved Hispanic community. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design with one group pre- and post-intervention was used to test the feasibility of an 8-week EHC for one hundred 3rd and 4th grade children in a dual-immersion Spanish-English elementary school...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Matthew D Putnam, Julie E Adams, Paul Lender, Ann E Van Heest, Janet R Shanedling, David J Nuckley, Joan E Bechtold
OBJECTIVES: Primary: Assess the ability of faculty graders to predict the objectively measured strength of distal radius fracture fixation. Secondary: Compare resident skill variation and retention related to other knowable training data. DESIGN: Residents were allowed 60 minutes to stabilize a standardized distal radius fracture using an assigned fixed-angle volar plate. Faculty observed and subjectively graded the residents without providing real-time feedback...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
Peg Allen, Rebekah R Jacob, Meenakshi Lakshman, Leslie A Best, Kathryn Bass, Ross C Brownson
Evidence-based public health (EBPH) practice, also called evidence-informed public health, can improve population health and reduce disease burden in populations. Organizational structures and processes can facilitate capacity-building for EBPH in public health agencies. This study involved 51 structured interviews with leaders and program managers in 12 state health department chronic disease prevention units to identify factors that facilitate the implementation of EBPH. Verbatim transcripts of the de-identified interviews were consensus coded in NVIVO qualitative software...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Benji K Mathews, Kreegan Reierson, Khuong Vuong, Ankit Mehta, Paula Miller, Seth Koenig, Mangala Narasimhan
BACKGROUND: Literature supports the use of point-ofcare ultrasound performed by the treating hospitalist in the diagnosis of common diseases. There is no consensus on the training paradigm or the evaluation of skill retention for hospitalists. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a comprehensive bedside ultrasound training program with postcourse competency assessments for hospitalists. DESIGN: A retrospective report of a training program with 53 hospitalists...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Lisa Pauwels, Sima Chalavi, Jolien Gooijers, Celine Maes, Geneviève Albouy, Stefan Sunaert, Stephan P Swinnen
Motor performance deteriorates with age. Hence, studying the effects of different training types on performance improvement is particularly important. Here, we investigated the neural correlates of the contextual interference (CI) effect in 32 young (YA; 16 female) and 28 older (OA; 12 female) human adults. Participants were randomly assigned to either a blocked or random practice schedule and practiced three variations of a bimanual visuo-motor task over three days, and were re-tested six days later. Functional magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired during the first and last training days and during retention...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"