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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922040/professional-generational-and-gender-differences-in-perception-of-organisational-values-among-israeli-physicians-and-nurses-implications-for-retention
#1
Sigalit Warshawski, Sivia Barnoy, Ilya Kagan
The global health workforce today is more age diverse than ever before and spans three generations: baby boomers, X and Y generations. Each generation has a distinct set of characteristics, values, and beliefs. This diversity can lead to increased creativity and a greater richness of values and skills, but at the same time it can also lead to value clashes, disrespect, and conflicts. This study aimed to examine professional, generational, and gender differences in the perception of the importance of organisational values among nurses and physicians working in both hospitals and outpatient clinics in Israel...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903848/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-partially-edentulous-patient-with-maxillary-acquired-defect-by-a-two-piece-hollow-bulb-obturator-using-a-dentogenic-concept
#2
Poonam R Kulkarni, Rahul S Kulkarni, Rupal J Shah, Kavita Maru
Patients may face functional, aesthetic, and social distress because of the palatal defects. Prosthetic rehabilitation of maxillectomy or developmental defect can be challenging for prosthodontists. Prognosis of the prosthetic appliances can be affected not only by patients' own ability to adapt to the prosthesis but also by the factors like the remaining teeth, bony structure, and existing mucosa. Maxillary defects are usually developed by surgical intercession of the benign or malignant conditions and trauma cases...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903733/increasing-confidence-and-changing-behaviors-in-primary-care-providers-engaged-in-genetic-counselling
#3
Michael S Wilkes, Frank C Day, Tonya L Fancher, Haley McDermott, Erik Lehman, Robert A Bell, Michael J Green
BACKGROUND: Screening and counseling for genetic conditions is an increasingly important part of primary care practice, particularly given the paucity of genetic counselors in the United States. However, primary care physicians (PCPs) often have an inadequate understanding of evidence-based screening; communication approaches that encourage shared decision-making; ethical, legal, and social implication (ELSI) issues related to screening for genetic mutations; and the basics of clinical genetics...
September 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899101/retention-of-qualified-healthcare-workers-in-rural-senegal-lessons-learned-from-a-qualitative-study
#4
Mari Nagai, Noriko Fujita, Ibrahima S Diouf, Malick Salla
INTRODUCTION: Deployment and retention of a sufficient number of skilled and motivated human resources for health (HRH) at the right place and at the right time are critical to ensure people's right to access a universal quality of health care. Vision Tokyo 2010 Network, an international network of HRH managers at the ministry of health (MoH) level in nine Francophone African countries, identified maldistribution of a limited number of healthcare personnel and their retention in rural areas as overarching problems in the member countries...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891888/impact-of-training-frequency-on-nurses-pediatric-resuscitation-skills
#5
Susan M Ciurzynski, Julie Albright Gottfried, Julie Pietraszewski, Melinda Zalewski
The ideal time frame for frequency of resuscitation skills training has yet to be determined. Results obtained from this performance improvement project using hands-on practice sessions suggest that 6 months may be an adequate time frame for retention of resuscitation skills. Professional development educators may want to consider 6-month retraining intervals for low-volume/high-risk skills such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation to optimize nurses' proficiency in these life-saving competencies.
September 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890675/dominant-hand-non-dominant-hand-or-both-the-effect-of-pre-training-in-hand-eye-coordination-upon-the-learning-curve-of-laparoscopic-intra-corporeal-knot-tying
#6
Carlos Roger Molinas, Maria Mercedes Binda, Rudi Campo
BACKGROUND: Training of basic laparoscopic psychomotor skills improves both acquisition and retention of more advanced laparoscopic tasks, such as laparoscopic intra-corporeal knot tying (LICK). This randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed to evaluate the effect of different pre-training programs in hand-eye coordination (HEC) upon the learning curve of LICK. RESULTS: The study was performed in a private center in Asunción, Paraguay, by 60 residents/specialists in gynaecology with no experience in laparoscopic surgery...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878701/working-memory-capacity-limits-motor-learning-when-implementing-multiple-instructions
#7
Tim Buszard, Damian Farrow, Simone J J M Verswijveren, Machar Reid, Jacqueline Williams, Remco Polman, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Rich S W Masters
Although it is generally accepted that certain practice conditions can place large demands on working memory (WM) when performing and learning a motor skill, the influence that WM capacity has on the acquisition of motor skills remains unsubstantiated. This study examined the role of WM capacity in a motor skill practice context that promoted WM involvement through the provision of explicit instructions. A cohort of 90 children aged 8 to 10 years were assessed on measures of WM capacity and attention. Children who scored in the lowest and highest thirds on the WM tasks were allocated to lower WM capacity (n = 24) and higher WM capacity (n = 24) groups, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877728/we-need-support-a-delphi-study-about-desirable-support-during-the-first-year-in-the-emergency-medical-service
#8
Anna Hörberg, Maria Jirwe, Susanne Kalén, Veronica Vicente, Veronica Lindström
BACKGROUND: New and inexperienced emergency medical service (EMS) professionals lack important experience. To prevent medical errors and improve retention there is an urgent need to identify ways to support new professionals during their first year in the EMS. METHODS: A purposeful sample and snowball technique was used and generated a panel of 32 registered nurses with 12-48 months of EMS experience. A Delphi technique in four rounds was used. Telephone interviews were undertaken in round one to identify what desirable support professionals new to the EMS desire during their first year...
September 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877203/education-of-children-with-disabilities-in-new-delhi-when-does-exclusion-occur
#9
Parul Bakhshi, Ganesh M Babulal, Jean-Francois Trani
BACKGROUND: In the new Sustainable Development Goal 4, quality of education defined as equity and inclusion alongside traditional learning outcomes, has replaced the narrow goal of access to primary education stipulated in the Millennium Development Goal 2. Since 2000, considerable progress has been made towards improving access to school for children in India, yet questions remain regarding not just children with disabilities' access and acquisition of basic learning skills, but also completion of learning cycles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864793/impact-of-a-differential-learning-approach-on-practical-exam-performance-a-controlled-study-in-a-preclinical-dental-course
#10
Sven-Olav Pabel, Anne-Kathrin Pabel, Jan Schmickler, Xenia Schulz, Annette Wiegand
The aim of this study was to evaluate if differential learning in a preclinical dental course impacted the performance of dental students in a practical exam (preparation of a gold partial crown) immediately after the training session and 20 weeks later compared to conventional learning. This controlled study was performed in a preclinical course in operative dentistry at a dental school in Germany. Third-year students were trained in preparing gold partial crowns by using either the conventional learning (n=41) or the differential learning approach (n=32)...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864265/effect-of-continuous-motion-parameter-feedback-on-laparoscopic-simulation-training-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-on-skill-acquisition-and-retention
#11
Julian Frederik Buescher, Anne-Sophie Mehdorn, Philipp-Alexander Neumann, Felix Becker, Ann-Kathrin Eichelmann, Ulrich Pankratius, Ralf Bahde, Daniel Foell, Norbert Senninger, Emile Rijcken
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of motion parameter feedback on laparoscopic basic skill acquisition and retention during a standardized box training curriculum. DESIGN: A Lap-X Hybrid laparoscopic simulator was designed to provide individual and continuous motion parameter feedback in a dry box trainer setting. In a prospective controlled trial, surgical novices were randomized into 2 groups (regular box group, n = 18, and Hybrid group, n = 18) to undergo an identical 5-day training program...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860107/project-stronger-together-protocol-to-test-a-dyadic-intervention-to-improve-engagement-in-hiv-care-among-sero-discordant-male-couples-in-three-us-cities
#12
Rob Stephenson, Nicolas A Suarez, Robert Garofalo, Marco A Hidalgo, Samuel Hoehnle, Jennie Thai, Matthew J Mimiaga, Emily Brown, Anna Bratcher, Taylor Wimbly, Patrick Sullivan
BACKGROUND: An estimated one- to-two-thirds of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections among US men who have sex with men (MSM) occur within the context of primary partnerships. Despite this fact, there remains a lack of prevention interventions that focus on male sero-discordant dyads. Interventions that provide male couples with skills to manage HIV risk, and to support each other towards active engagement in HIV prevention and care, are urgently needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the protocol for an innovative dyadic intervention (Stronger Together) that combines couples' HIV testing and dyadic adherence counseling to improve treatment adherence and engagement in care among HIV sero-discordant male couples in the United States...
August 31, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859651/video-based-feedback-as-a-method-for-training-rural-healthcare-workers-to-manage-medical-emergencies-a-pilot-study
#13
Zainab Oseni, Hla Hla Than, Edyta Kolakowska, Lauren Chalmers, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Video-based feedback has been shown to aid knowledge retention, skills learning and improve team functionality. We explored the use of video-based feedback and low fidelity simulation for training rural healthcare workers along the Thailand-Myanmar border and Papua New Guinea (PNG) to manage medical emergencies effectively. METHODS: Twenty-four study participants were recruited from three Shoklo Malaria Research Unit clinics along the Thailand-Myanmar border and eight participants from Kudjip Nazarene Hospital, PNG...
August 31, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859591/assessing-implementation-readiness-and-success-of-an-e-resource-to-improve-prelicensure-physical-therapy-workforce-capacity-to-manage-rheumatoid-arthritis
#14
Robyn E Fary, Helen Slater, Joanne E Jordan, Peter Gardner, Jason Chua, Carly Payne, Andrew M Briggs
Study Design Prospective within-subject, cross-sectional, between-group, nested qualitative designs within an implementation science framework. Background Physical therapy is recommended for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) care, yet prelicensure RA curriculum time remains limited. Objectives To determine readiness for, and success of, implementing an e-learning tool, Rheumatoid Arthritis for Physiotherapists e-Learning (RAP-eL), within the prelicensure physical therapy curriculum. Methods All physical therapy students in a 1-year cohort in 2014 had RAP-eL embedded in their curriculum...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854939/weight-supported-training-of-the-upper-extremity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-motor-learning-study
#15
Jeffrey W Keller, Hubertus J A van Hedel
BACKGROUND: Novel neurorehabilitation technologies build upon treatment principles derived from motor learning studies. However, few studies have investigated motor learning with assistive devices in children and adolescents with Cerebral Palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to investigate whether children with CP who trained with weight support in a playful, virtual environment would improve upper extremity task performance (i.e. skill acquisition), transfer, and retention, three aspects that indicate whether motor learning might have occurred or not...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854061/lassoing-skill-through-learner-choice
#16
Gabriele Wulf, Takehiro Iwatsuki, Brittney Machin, Jessica Kellogg, Clint Copeland, Rebecca Lewthwaite
The authors examined several issues related to the motor learning benefits resulting from giving learners choices. In 2 experiments, participants practiced a novel task, throwing a lasso. In Experiment 1, giving learners a choice ostensibly irrelevant to performance (color of mat under target) resulted in enhanced learning relative to a control group. The choice group also reported more positive affect. Experiment 2 compared the effectiveness of task-irrelevant (mat color) versus task-relevant (video demonstrations of the skill) choices...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851343/teaching-the-pediatric-ear-exam-and-diagnosis-of-acute-otitis-media-a-teaching-and-assessment-model-in-three-groups
#17
Caroline R Paul, Craig L Gjerde, Gwen McIntosh, Lori S Weber
BACKGROUND: The serious consequences of inaccurate diagnosis of acute otitis media have led to a call for greater education to develop proficient pediatric otoscopy skills. Despite the clinical and educational needs, peer-reviewed standardized curricula with validated assessment instruments remain limited. This study evaluated a pediatric otoscopy curriculum incorporated into the Pediatric medical student clerkship with use of outcome measures that included assessment of skills with real patients...
August 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846850/building-a-local-medical-workforce-in-tasmania-where-are-international-fee-paying-medical-graduates-likely-to-work
#18
Colleen Cheek, Richard Hays, Penny Allen, Gary Walker, Lizzi Shires
INTRODUCTION: Much of regional Australia continues to face challenges in recruitment and retention of medical practitioners, despite the apparently successful rural medical education initiatives funded by the Commonwealth Government. International fee-paying (IFP) medical students are a significant component of Australian medical education, contributing additional income and more diverse learning environments for universities. Their contribution to the Australian medical workforce is harder to determine...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846445/utilization-of-just-in-time-training-for-nursing-education-using-the-la-phonospirometry-asthma-tool
#19
Kathryn H Pade, Sophia T Seik-Ismail, Todd P Chang, Vincent J Wang
OBJECTIVE: Just-in-time training (JITT) has been used to teach and re-teach known medical techniques, but has not been used to teach novel techniques. We aimed to assess the performance retention of JITT on a novel asthma exacerbation severity assessment technique known as Los Angeles (LA) Phonospirometry. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study using a convenience sample of pediatric emergency department registered nurses (RNs) who were asked to watch a brief instructional digital video on LA Phonospirometry, and then asked to practice the technique on a research assistant (RA)...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843958/avoiding-surgical-skill-decay-a-systematic-review-on-the-spacing-of-training-sessions
#20
Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Fokie Cnossen, Debbie A D C Jaarsma, René A Tio
OBJECTIVE: Spreading training sessions over time instead of training in just 1 session leads to an improvement of long-term retention for factual knowledge. However, it is not clear whether this would also apply to surgical skills. Thus, we performed a systematic review to find out whether spacing training sessions would also improve long-term retention of surgical skills. DESIGN: We searched the Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, Eric, and Web of Science online databases...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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