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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932965/best-practice-recommendations-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-helicobacter-pylori-synthesizing-the-guidelines
#1
REVIEW
David J Bjorkman, Matthew Steenblik
Purpose of review Three guidelines on Helicobacter pylori have been published recently with recommendations that differ from past guidelines. In this review, we summarize the Toronto consensus statement, the Maastricht V/Florence consensus report and the American College of Gastroenterology guidelines on H. pylori, comparing and contrasting the recommendations. We also provide a proposed approach integrating the information from all three guidelines. Findings Increasing antibiotic resistance has decreased the effectiveness of past treatment regimens for H...
September 21, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932925/hepatic-complications-of-anorexia-nervosa
#2
REVIEW
Elissa Rosen, Neeru Bakshi, Ashlie Watters, Hugo R Rosen, Philip S Mehler
Anorexia nervosa (AN) has the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric illnesses due to the widespread organ dysfunction caused by the underlying severe malnutrition. Starvation causes hepatocyte injury and death leading to a rise in aminotransferases. Malnutrition-induced hepatitis is common among individuals with AN especially as body mass index decreases. Acute liver failure associated with coagulopathy and encephalopathy can rarely occur. Liver enzymes may also less commonly increase as part of the refeeding process due to hepatic steatosis and can be distinguished from starvation hepatitis by the finding of a fatty liver on ultrasonography...
September 20, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932193/safety-profile-of-anticancer-and-immune-modulating-biotech-drugs-used-in-a-real-world-setting-in-campania-region-italy-bio-cam-observational-study
#3
Cristina Scavone, Liberata Sportiello, Maria G Sullo, Carmen Ferrajolo, Rosanna Ruggiero, Maurizio Sessa, Pasquale M Berrino, Gabriella di Mauro, Liberato Berrino, Francesco Rossi, Concetta Rafaniello, Annalisa Capuano
Objectives: To investigate the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) in naïve patients receiving biotech drugs. Design: A prospective observational study. Setting: Onco-hematology, Hepato-gastroenterology, Rheumatology, Dermatology, and Neurology Units in Campania Region (Italy). Participants: 775 patients (53.81% female) with mean age 56.0 (SD 15.2). The mean follow-up/patient was 3.48 (95% confidence interval 3.13-3.84). Main outcome measures: We collected all AEs associated to biotech drugs, including serious infections and malignancies...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927776/-gluten-is-the-information-available-on-the-internet-valid
#4
T Banti, L Fievet, A Fabre
BACKGROUND: Internet provides easy access to health information, but the quality and validity of this information vary. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the quality of website structures and the information provided on celiac disease (CD), gluten sensitivity (GS), and wheat allergy (WA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The websites addressing CD, GS, and WA appearing on the first two pages of Google, Yahoo, and Bing from seven selected queries were investigated...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927760/interprofessional-collaboration-with-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-therapy-the-roles-of-gastroenterology-endocrinology-and-neurology
#5
REVIEW
Virginia Seery
OBJECTIVES: To discuss immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy and identify opportunities for interprofessional collaboration in the management of toxicities in the areas of gastroenterology, endocrinology, and neurology. DATA SOURCES: Published research and education articles in oncology, nursing, and various specialties. CONCLUSION: The use of immune checkpoint inhibitors is expanding; timely management of toxicity is critical for positive patient outcomes...
September 15, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927657/endoscopic-training-a-nationwide-survey-of-french-fellows-in-gastroenterology
#6
Aurélien Amiot, Guillaume Conroy, Yann Le Baleur, Jérôme Winkler, Maxime Palazzo, Xavier Treton
BACKGROUND: During their 4 years of training, French fellows in gastroenterology should acquire theoretical and practical competency in gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. AIMS: To evaluate the delivery of endoscopy training to French GI fellows and perception of learning. METHODS: A nationwide electronic survey was carried out of French GI fellows using an anonymous, 17-item electronic questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 291 out of 484 (60%) GI fellows responded to the survey...
September 15, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927249/gut-microbiota-obesity-and-metabolic-disorders
#7
Alessandro Federico, Marcello Dallio, Rosa DI Sarno, Valentina Giorgio, Luca Miele
Obesity, diabetes and metabolic disorders represent hugely significant problems concerning the health in Western countries and the study of gut microbiota in metabolic pathologies is part of this framework. Diet effects on intestinal microbial composition and its role in pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for both obesity and systemic, hepatic and adipose tissue inflammation, represent at the moment one of this mostpromising topic in gastroenterology research. Gut health safety is essential, but it needs to be further explored in order to understand and interrupt the pathogenetic mechanisms, which support a large number of diseases...
December 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922445/position-paper-on-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-in-romania-2017-part-two
#8
Liana Gheorghe, Ioan Sporea, Speranta Iacob, Roxana Sirli, Anca Trifan, Mircea Diculescu, Carol Stanciu, Oliviu Pascu, Monica Acalovschi, Ciprian Brisc, Cristina Cijevschi, Cristian Gheorghe, Zeno Spârchez, Ion Rogoveanu, Daniela Dobru, Dan L Dumitrascu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a common condition with endemic prevalence in some areas of the world. In Romania, the mean prevalence is about 3%. New treatments have become available on the market in recent years and new drugs are in the pipeline. A re-evaluation of HCV therapy was considered mandatory. The Romanian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology undertook this task for the practitioners of this country. METHODOLOGY: A group of recognized experts was created who screened the available literature and the major available guidelines...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#9
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919797/quality-of-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-results-of-a-prospective-controlled-cohort-study-in-germany-netibd
#10
Jana Langbrandtner, Angelika Hüppe, Petra Jessen, Jürgen Büning, Susanna Nikolaus, Heiner Raspe, Bernd Bokemeyer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) need comprehensive, interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral health care. In Germany, evidence-based care pathways have been developed to improve the quality of care of IBD patients. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the implementation of some of these recommendations on patient-related outcomes. METHODS: In a region of North Germany, outpatients with IBD were recruited by gastroenterologists (intervention group)...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919600/modified-blatchford-score-for-risk-stratification-in-adult-patient-with-nonvariceal-upper-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage-and-their-short-term-hospital-outcome
#11
M S Islam, M Z Uddin, M S Ali, M N Islam, M H Rahman, I H Robi, M M Haque, M W Rahman, M A Uddin, F Ahamed, M S Malek, M A Kabir, M S Rahman, A U Khan, F A Doel
Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) is one of the most common and life-threatening gastrointestinal emergency. There are several risk scores for risk stratification in UGIB patients. The Modified Blatchford score, which relies only on clinical and laboratory parameters, is practical in the emergency setting The Modified Blatchford scoring system also known as Glasgow Blatchford Scoring (GBS) have been developed to stratify risk of non variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage or need of medical or surgical intervention, endoscopic therapy...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918811/future-directions-for-endoscopic-ultrasound-where-are-we-heading
#12
REVIEW
Sahin Coban, Omer Basar, William R Brugge
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) plays an important role as a diagnostic and therapeutic modality in gastroenterology. New developments have emerged, especially in the last decade, and are being introduced to endoscopists. The ability to readily visualize and access organs in the gastrointestinal tract has allowed endoscopists to perform new interventional procedures. EUS procedures have taken the place of conventional approaches for the treatment of various gastrointestinal diseases, including pancreatic cystic lesions...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918810/progress-in-endoscopic-ultrasonography-training-in-therapeutic-or-interventional-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#13
REVIEW
Monica Saumoy, Michel Kahaleh
Therapeutic endoscopic ultrasound is a rapidly expanding field, requiring training beyond the 3-year gastroenterology fellowship and at least an additional year in a structured advanced endoscopy fellowship program with mentorship from an expert at a sufficiently high-volume center. Simulation models can provide initial instruction on technique and increase familiarity with the rapidly changing devices. Trainees must also be given a graduated level of independence to perform each step and, eventually, be able to practice on a variety of endoscopic targets...
October 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916030/fellowship-candidate-selection-at-the-best-medical-center-a-novel-process
#14
Philip R Cohen
Dr. Ida Lystic completed her MD degree at the prestigious Harvey Medical School (which has since been renamed the Harvey Provider School) and her residency in internal medicine and gastroenterology fellowship at the OTHER (Owen T. Henry and Eugene Rutherford) Medical Center. She was subsequently hired as an assistant professor at the BEST (Byron Edwards and Samuel Thompson) Medical Center in 2015. After eventually completing an extensive list of employment requirements, she was able to begin seeing patients...
September 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#15
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913613/risk-factor-analysis-between-newly-screened-and-established-hepatitis-c-in-gi-and-hepatology-clinics
#16
Newaz Hossain, Bharat Puchakayala, Pushpjeet Kanwar, Siddharth Verma, George Abraham, Zhanna Ivanov, Muhammad Obaid Niaz, Smruti R Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Several studies show inconsistencies in the rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) detection among baby boomers (born 1945-1965). We conducted a cross-sectional HCV screening followed by a case-controlled comparison of the newly screened population with established HCV subjects. METHOD: Enrollment was offered to subjects aged 40-75 at our gastroenterology and hepatology clinics. Demographic data and potential risk factors were obtained, and HCV antibody test was offered to those who had never been screened and compared with a group with established HCV...
September 14, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913374/comparison-of-the-nutritional-values-of-infant-formulas-available-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Abdulhadi Hesn Almazrooy, Abdulrahman Mohammad Alturki, Afaf Mubarak Aljohani, Abeer Alraddadi, Abdulrahman Muslim Allogmani
Introduction. Optimum growth and development are best achieved by breastfeeding, which is the safest source for infant feeding. Mothers in Saudi Arabia start to breastfeed their infants but soon introduce formula brands. Objective. To assess the safety and nutritional adequacy of the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market. Methods. An observational study has compared between 5 types of infant formula brands; they were chosen based on their international popularity. Also, they are considered as the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912401/-i-immunotherapy-for-gastroenterological-cancer
#18
Yukiya Narita, Kei Muro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911951/anniversary-tribute-from-the-editors-of-clinical-gastroenterology-and-hepatology
#19
Michael Camilleri, C Mel Wilcox, Hashem B El-Serag, Fasiha Kanwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906315/development-of-the-aim-to-decrease-anxiety-and-pain-treatment-adapt-for-pediatric-functional-abdominal-pain-disorders
#20
Natoshia Raishevich Cunningham, Sarah Nelson, Anjana Jagpal, Erin Moorman, Michael Farrell, Scott Pentiuk, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the Aim to Decrease Anxiety and Pain Treatment (ADAPT), a brief, on-line and in-person behavioral intervention targeting pain and anxiety in youth with functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD). METHODS: Patients were recruited from several outpatient pediatric gastroenterology clinics. Nine participants (ages 9-13) completed the full protocol. Thematic analysis of detailed qualitative feedback was obtained via semi-structured patient and caregiver interviews after treatment was conducted...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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