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Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006428/anal-carcinoma-version-2-2018-nccn-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-oncology
#1
Al B Benson, Alan P Venook, Mahmoud M Al-Hawary, Lynette Cederquist, Yi-Jen Chen, Kristen K Ciombor, Stacey Cohen, Harry S Cooper, Dustin Deming, Paul F Engstrom, Jean L Grem, Axel Grothey, Howard S Hochster, Sarah Hoffe, Steven Hunt, Ahmed Kamel, Natalie Kirilcuk, Smitha Krishnamurthi, Wells A Messersmith, Jeffrey Meyerhardt, Mary F Mulcahy, James D Murphy, Steven Nurkin, Leonard Saltz, Sunil Sharma, David Shibata, John M Skibber, Constantinos T Sofocleous, Elena M Stoffel, Eden Stotsky-Himelfarb, Christopher G Willett, Evan Wuthrick, Kristina M Gregory, Deborah A Freedman-Cass
The NCCN Guidelines for Anal Carcinoma provide recommendations for the management of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal or perianal region. Primary treatment of anal cancer usually includes chemoradiation, although certain lesions can be treated with margin-negative local excision alone. Disease surveillance is recommended for all patients with anal carcinoma because additional curative-intent treatment is possible. A multidisciplinary approach including physicians from gastroenterology, medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiation oncology, and radiology is essential for optimal patient care...
July 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30005960/molecular-imaging-in-gastroenterology-a-route-for-personalized-endoscopy
#2
REVIEW
Entcho Klenske, Markus F Neurath, Raja Atreya, Timo Rath
With the rapid expansion and diversification of the repertoire of biological agents utilized in inflammatory bowel diseases and cancer and the increase in oncological patients in gastroenterology, visualization of single receptor or molecular target expression and the subsequent initiation of expression tailored therapy are gaining increasing attention. Through the combination of utilizing fluorescently labeled probes with high specificity towards defined molecular targets and their subsequent detection and visualization with endoscopic devices, molecular imaging is a new emerging field focusing on the receptor expression within the mucosa on a cellular level rather than on macroscopic changes...
June 23, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004946/exclusive-enteral-nutrition-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#3
Talya Miller, David L Suskind
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nutritional interventions play a central role in the treatment and management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children. Although malnutrition is a common presenting sign of IBD, nutritional interventions have focused not only on correction of the malnourished state but also on treatment of the primary disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) has been the primary therapy utilized in pediatric IBD specifically, Crohn's disease...
July 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003186/advances-in-cancer-immunotherapy-for-gastroenterological-malignancy
#4
EDITORIAL
Koji Kono
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Annals of gastroenterological surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002677/investigation-of-geriatric-patients-with-abdominal-pain-admitted-to-emergency-department
#5
Pınar Henden Çam, Ahmet Baydin, Savaş Yürüker, Ali Kemal Erenler, Erdinç Şengüldür
Introduction: The aim of this study is to detect the possible reasons of abdominal pain in the patients aged 65 and older admitted to emergency department (ED) with complaint of abdominal pain which is not related to trauma, to determine the length of hospitalization of old (65-75 age) and elderly (aged 75 and older) patients, and to define the hospitalization and mortality rates. Material and Methods: In the study, 336 patients were included. Groups were compared in respect to gender, internal or surgical prediagnoses, complaints accompanying abdominal pain, vital findings, comorbidities, requested consultations, hospitalizing service, waiting time in the ED and in the hospital, and treatment methods...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998841/short-term-costs-associated-with-non-medical-switching-in-autoimmune-conditions
#6
Allan Gibofsky, Martha Skup, Min Yang, Manish Mittal, Dendy Macaulay, Arijit Ganguli
OBJECTIVES: To estimate short-term costs associated with non-medical switch (NMS) from originator biologics to biosimilars among stable patients with autoimmune conditions in rheumatology, gastroenterology, and dermatology from a US provider's and third-party payer's perspective. METHODS: An economic model was constructed to estimate switching costs related to physician time and healthcare resource utilisation (HRU) at the initial NMS visit and over 3 months. The proportion of patients with relevant conditions treated with originators and expected NMS rate, physician time, HRU, and payer reimbursement were derived from a physician survey...
June 25, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996634/infections-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-in-refugees-from-north-korea
#7
Young-Il Lee, Min Seo, Suk-Bae Kim
Soil-transmitted helminthiases (STH) are now no longer public health problems in the Republic of Korea (South Korea), but their status are unavailable in the residents of North Korea (NK) despite the expectation of large scale traffic and future reunification of the Korean Peninsula. A total of 20 female refugees from NK who had been admitted to the Division of Gastroenterology, Dankook University Hospital, were subjected in this study. Among them, 15 refugees were examined by the colonoscopy and 10 ones were examined with the stool examination (formalin-ether sedimentation)...
June 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996180/-interpretation-of-executive-summary-of-the-guideline-on-pediatric-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-from-the-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-and-the-europeans-society-for-paeditric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-in-2017
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29994872/refeeding-syndrome-in-the-gastroenterology-practice-how-concerned-should-we-be
#9
Gonçalo Nunes, Mariana Brito, Carla Adriana Santos, Jorge Fonseca
Clinical nutrition is emerging as a major area in gastroenterology practice. Most gastrointestinal disorders interfere with digestive physiology and compromise nutritional status. Refeeding syndrome (RS) may increase morbidity and mortality in gastroenterology patients. Literature search using the keywords "Refeeding Syndrome", "Hypophosphatemia", "Hypomagnesemia" and "Hypokalemia". Data regarding definition, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, risk factors, management and prevention of RS were collected...
July 9, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29994859/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-nursing-management-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-and-jejunostomy-peg-pej-in-adult-patients-an-executive-summary
#10
Gabriele Roveron, Mario Antonini, Maria Barbierato, Vita Calandrino, Giancarlo Canese, Lucio Fernando Chiurazzi, Gesualdo Coniglio, Gabriele Gentini, Mara Marchetti, Andrea Minucci, Laura Nembrini, Vanessa Neri, Paola Trovato, Francesco Ferrara
Enteral nutrition (EN) is the introduction of nutrients into the gastrointestinal tract through a tube placed in a natural or artificial stoma. Tubes may be passed into the stomach (gastrostomy) or the jejunum (jejunostomy) in patients who cannot obtain adequate nourishing via oral feeding. Following placement, nurses are typically responsible for management of gastrostomy or other enteral tube devices in both the acute and home care settings. This article summarizes guidelines developed for nursing management of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or jejunostomy (PEG/PEJ) and gastrojejunostomy (PEGJ) tubes, developed by the Italian Association of Stoma care Nurses (AIOSS-Associazione Italiana Operatori Sanitari di Stomaterapia) in collaboration with the Italian Association of Endoscopic Operators (ANOTE-Associazione Nazionale Operatori Tecniche Endoscopiche) and the Italian Association of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates (ANIGEA-Associazione Nazionale Infermieri di Gastroenterologia e Associati)...
July 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992302/limited-health-literacy-is-associated-with-worse-patient-reported-outcomes-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Lauren K Tormey, Jason Reich, Yu Sarah Chen, Arush Singh, Zachary Lipkin-Moore, Anzhu Yu, Janice Weinberg, Francis A Farraye, Michael K Paasche-Orlow
Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) face complex health tasks and decisions. Limited health literacy is a risk factor for poor health outcomes, but this has not been examined in IBD. This study aims to assess the role of health literacy for patients with IBD. Methods: We prospectively enrolled adults with IBD receiving care from the Section of Gastroenterology at the Boston Medical Center. In-person, standardized questionnaires were administered to measure health literacy with the Newest Vital Sign, self-efficacy with the Medication Use and Self-Efficacy Scale, quality of life with the 10-question Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire, depression with the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement System Short Form, and clinical disease activity for patients with Crohn's disease with the Harvey-Bradshaw Index and for patients with ulcerative colitis with the Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index (SCCAI)...
July 10, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992120/clinical-characteristics-of-children-needing-inpatient-treatment-after-failed-outpatient-treatment-for-fecal-impaction
#12
Amrita Sinha, Maroun Mhanna, Reema Gulati
Purpose: Treatment of chronic constipation and fecal impaction is usually outpatient and requires high or frequent doses of laxatives. However, there are children who fail outpatient treatments, sometimes repeatedly, and are ultimately hospitalized. We sought to compare the characteristics of the children who failed outpatient treatment and needed inpatient treatment vs those who achieved success with outpatient treatment, in an effort to identify attributes that might be associated with a higher likelihood towards hospitalization...
July 2018: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29991889/occupation-associated-health-hazards-for-the-gastroenterologist-endoscopist
#13
REVIEW
Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Febin John, Madhavi Reddy, Vishal Ghevariya
Advances in the field of endoscopy have allowed gastroenterologists to obtain detailed imaging of anatomical structures and to treat gastrointestinal diseases with endoscopic therapies. However, these technological developments have exposed endoscopists and staff to hazards such as musculoskeletal injuries, exposure to infectious agents, and ionizing radiation. We aimed to review the occupational hazards for the gastroenterologist and endoscopist. Using PubMed, Medline, Medscape, and Google Scholar, we identified peer-reviewed articles with the keywords "occupational hazards," "health hazards," "occupational health hazards," "endoscopy," "gastroenterologist," "infectious agents," "musculoskeletal injuries," and "radiation...
July 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985809/world-gastroenterology-organisation-wgo-news-and-events
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984696/-muir-torre-syndrome
#15
Madeline T Kudibal, Alessandro Venzo
Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is an autosomal dominant disease with approximately 200 reported cases worldwide, which is characterised by multiple neoplasms of the skin and internal organs. This is a case report of a 57-year-old woman with MTS, who was referred to a plastic surgery department from a gastroenterology department due to a neoplasm of the skin. After treatment, she was referred to a dermatology department for follow-up. MTS is a rare disease, which is now reported in Denmark. Doctors treating any of the composing elements should have basic knowledge of the condition in order to refer patients appropriately...
July 2, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984011/dental-impaction-in-the-cecum-case-report-and-review-of-gastrointestinal-foreign-body-impactions
#16
Mouhanna Abu Ghanimeh, Omar Abughanimeh, Sakher Albadarin, Osama Kaddourah, John H Helzberg
Approximately 20% of the adult population in the United States wears dentures. Foreign body ingestions, including dentures, are not uncommon. Although the majority of all ingested foreign bodies pass spontaneously through the gastrointestinal tract, impaction may occur, especially with physiologic constrictions, angulations, or stenosis. The esophagus is the most common site of impaction, whereas colonic impaction is extremely uncommon. We present a case of an 84-year-old male who was referred to the gastroenterology clinic for denture impaction, which lasted for two weeks...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983789/anatomic-variations-of-pancreaticobiliary-union
#17
Fadil Sherifi, Sadi Bexheti, Zaim Gashi, Ismet Bajraktari, Jeton Shatri, Ali Lahu
AIM: This study was designated to evaluate the frequency of anatomic variations of the pancreaticobiliary union. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our research was observational, comparative and analytical. The investigation was conducted from January 2016-May 2017. This study included 63 patients from Clinic of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Prishtina, assessed pancreaticobiliary union with Magnetic Resonance cholangiopancreatography. RESULTS: Union of the common bile duct and the major pancreas was biliary-pancreatic type The angle between common bile duct and the major pancreas duct had different sizes average 35...
June 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982568/assessing-the-incidence-trend-and-characteristics-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-children-in-olmsted-county-minnesota
#18
S Hommeida, R M Grothe, Y Hafed, R J Lennon, C D Schleck, J A Alexander, D A Katzka, I Absah
Previous studies reported increased eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) incidence in children. It is unclear whether this reported increased EoE incidence is true or due to increased recognition and diagnostic endoscopy among children. A population-based study that evaluated EoE incidence in OC, Minnesota, from 1976 to 2005 concluded that EoE incidence increased significantly over the past three 5-year intervals (from 0.35 [range: 0-0.87] per 100,000 person-years for 1991-1995 to 9.45 [range: 7.13-11.77] per 100,000 person-years for 2001-2005)...
July 5, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29979356/broken-sacral-neuromodulation-lead-migration-into-the-sigmoid-colon-a-case-report
#19
Megan B Shannon, Neil Gupta, Joshua Eberhardt, Ahmer V Farooq
Sacral neuromodulation is an effective treatment of urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and idiopathic urinary retention. The procedure is considered low risk with overall low complication rates. This report describes a 40-year-old woman who underwent sacral neuromodulation explant and full-system implant for weaning efficacy of her device. During device removal, the tined lead broke and was left in situ. Four months later, she was diagnosed as having a wound infection at the site of the retained lead...
July 3, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978006/use-of-anticoagulants-increases-risk-of-bleeding-after-colorectal-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#20
Ken Yamashita, Shiro Oka, Shinji Tanaka, Kazuki Boda, Daiki Hirano, Kyoku Sumimoto, Takeshi Mizumoto, Yuki Ninomiya, Yuzuru Tamaru, Kenjiro Shigita, Nana Hayashi, Yoji Sanomura, Kazuaki Chayama
Background and study aims : Japanese guidelines for gastroenterological endoscopy have recommended temporary withdrawal of anticoagulants (warfarin, direct oral anticoagulants [DOAC], or heparin) to prevent hemorrhagic complications during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for colorectal neoplasias (CRNs). However, serious thrombosis might occur during temporary withdrawal of anticoagulants. The current study aimed to evaluate outcomes with anticoagulants in patients undergoing ESD for CRNs...
July 2018: Endoscopy International Open
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