keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

visceral fat AND subcutaneous fat AND obesity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624865/bone-marrow-fat-contributes-to-insulin-sensitivity-and-adiponectin-secretion-in-premenopausal-women
#1
Federica Ermetici, Silvia Briganti, Alessandra Delnevo, Paola Cannaò, Giovanni Di Leo, Stefano Benedini, Ileana Terruzzi, Francesco Sardanelli, Livio Luzi
PURPOSE: Bone marrow fat is a functionally distinct adipose tissue that may contribute to systemic metabolism. This study aimed at evaluating a possible association between bone marrow fat and insulin sensitivity indices. METHODS: Fifty obese (n = 23) and non-obese (n = 27) premenopausal women underwent proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy to measure vertebral bone marrow fat content and unsaturation index at L4 level. Abdominal visceral, subcutaneous fat, and epicardial fat were also measured using magnetic resonance imaging...
June 17, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613919/hypercapnia-accelerates-adipogenesis-a-novel-role-of-high-co2-in-exacerbating-obesity
#2
Ryota Kikuchi, Takao Tsuji, Osamu Watanabe, Kazuhiro Yamaguchi, Kinya Furukawa, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Kazutetsu Aoshiba
Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), which manifest as intermittent hypercapnia and sustained plus intermittent hypercapnia, respectively. In this study, we investigated whether CO2 affects adipocyte differentiation (adipogenesis) and maturation (hypertrophy). Human visceral or subcutaneous preadipocytes were grown to confluence and then induced to differentiate to adipocytes under hypocapnia, normocapnia, and hypercapnia with or without hypoxia...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611394/identification-of-the-ectoenzyme-cd38-as-a-marker-of-committed-preadipocytes
#3
A Carrière, Y Jeanson, J-A Côté, C Dromard, A Galinier, S Menzel, C Barreau, S Dupuis-Coronas, E Arnaud, A Girousse, V Cuminetti, J Paupert, B Cousin, C Sengenes, F Koch-Nolte, A Tchernof, L Casteilla
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Characterization of the adipocyte cellular lineage is required for a better understanding of white adipose tissue homeostasis and expansion. While several studies have focused on the phenotype of the most immature adipocyte progenitors, very few tools exist to identify committed cells. In haematopoiesis, the CD38 ectoenzyme is largely used to delineate various stages of stem cell lineage commitment. We hypothesize that this marker could be used to identify committed preadipocytes...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606124/remodeling-adipose-tissue-through-in-silico-modulation-of-fat-storage-for-the-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes
#4
Thierry Chénard, Frédéric Guénard, Marie-Claude Vohl, André Carpentier, André Tchernof, Rafael J Najmanovich
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is one of the leading non-infectious diseases worldwide and closely relates to excess adipose tissue accumulation as seen in obesity. Specifically, hypertrophic expansion of adipose tissues is related to increased cardiometabolic risk leading to type 2 diabetes. Studying mechanisms underlying adipocyte hypertrophy could lead to the identification of potential targets for the treatment of these conditions. RESULTS: We present iTC1390adip, a highly curated metabolic network of the human adipocyte presenting various improvements over the previously published iAdipocytes1809...
June 12, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605281/re-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-and-pericardial-fat-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-by-bayomi-et-al-metab-syndr-relat-disord-doi-10-1089-met-2017-0031
#5
Angelo Avogaro
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a member of the serine protease inhibitor (serpin) superfamily, which inactivates tissue plasminogen activator (tPA); therefore, increased level of PAI-1 antigen counteracts the anticoagulant effect of tPA and facilitates the fibrin clot formation. Plasma PAI-1 antigen and activity levels are associated with increased body mass index and with features of the insulin resistance syndrome like obesity and diabetes. Visceral adipose tissue produces more PAI-1 than subcutaneous adipose tissue: This increased production of PAI-1 from the visceral adipose tissue is one important link between visceral obesity and cardiovascular disease...
June 12, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601891/effect-of-liraglutide-treatment-on-prediabetes-and-overweight-or-obesity-in-clozapine-or-olanzapine-treated-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Julie R Larsen, Louise Vedtofte, Mathilde S L Jakobsen, Hans R Jespersen, Michelle I Jakobsen, Camilla K Svensson, Kamuran Koyuncu, Ole Schjerning, Peter S Oturai, Andreas Kjaer, Jimmi Nielsen, Jens J Holst, Claus T Ekstrøm, Christoph U Correll, Tina Vilsbøll, Anders Fink-Jensen
Importance: Compared with the general population, patients with schizophrenia have a 2- to 3-fold higher mortality rate primarily caused by cardiovascular disease. Previous interventions designed to counteract antipsychotic-induced weight gain and cardiometabolic disturbances reported limited effects. Objectives: To determine the effects of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist liraglutide added to clozapine or olanzapine treatment of schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
June 10, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588319/subcutaneous-adiposity-is-an-independent-predictor-of-mortality-in-cancer-patients
#7
Maryam Ebadi, Lisa Martin, Sunita Ghosh, Catherine J Field, Richard Lehner, Vickie E Baracos, Vera C Mazurak
BACKGROUND: Prognostic significance of adiposity, at the time of cancer diagnosis, on survival is not clear. Body mass index (kg m(-2)) does not provide an appropriate assessment of body composition; therefore, the concept of the 'obesity paradox' needs to be investigated based on the prognostic significance of fat and muscle. Independent prognostic significance of adipose tissue in predicting mortality, importance of visceral and subcutaneous adiposity in the presence and absence of sarcopenia on survival, was investigated...
June 6, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586943/oxytocin-and-its-relationship-to-body-composition-bone-mineral-density-and-hip-geometry-across-the-weight-spectrum
#8
Melanie Schorr, Dean A. Marengi, Reitumetse Pulumo, Elaine Yu, Kamryn T. Eddy, Anne Klibanski, Karen K. Miller, Elizabeth A. Lawson
Context: Oxytocin (OXT), an anorexigenic hypothalamic hormone anabolic to bone, may reflect energy availability. Basal serum OXT levels are lower in anorexia nervosa (AN, state of energy deficit) than healthy controls (HC) and negatively associated with spine bone density (BMD). However, reports are conflicting regarding OXT levels in overweight/obesity (OB, state of energy excess). Furthermore, relationships between OXT and BMD in OB and hip geometry across the weight spectrum are unknown...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585193/the-definition-and-prevalence-of-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Atilla Engin
Increase in prevalence of obesity has become a worldwide major health problem in adults, as well as among children and adolescents. Furthermore, total adiposity and truncal subcutaneous fat accumulation during adolescence are positively and independently associated with atherosclerosis at adult ages. Centrally accumulation of body fat is associated with insulin resistance, whereas distribution of body fat in a peripheral pattern is metabolically less important. Obesity is associated with a large decrease in life expectancy...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579536/effects-of-dietary-fructose-restriction-on-liver-fat-de-novo-lipogenesis-and-insulin-kinetics-in-children-with-obesity
#10
Jean-Marc Schwarz, Susan M Noworolski, Ayca Erkin-Cakmak, Natalie J Korn, Michael J Wen, Viva W Tai, Grace M Jones, Sergiu P Palii, Moises Velasco-Alin, Karen Pan, Bruce W Patterson, Alejandro Gugliucci, Robert H Lustig, Kathleen Mulligan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Consumption of sugar is associated with obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular disease. The conversion of fructose to fat in liver (de novo lipogenesis, DNL) may be a modifiable pathogenetic pathway. We determined the effect of 9 days of isocaloric fructose restriction on DNL, liver fat, visceral fat (VAT), subcutaneous fat, and insulin kinetics in obese Latino and African American children with habitual high sugar consumption (fructose intake more than 50 g/day)...
June 1, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574988/the-differing-influence-of-several-factors-on-the-development-of-fatty-liver-with-elevation-of-liver-enzymes-between-genders-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Masahiro Sogabe, Toshiya Okahisa, Masahiko Nakasono, Hiroshi Fukuno, Yoshihiko Miyamoto, Yasuyuki Okada, Jun Okazaki, Jinsei Miyoshi, Tetsu Tomonari, Tatsuya Taniguchi, Takahiro Goji, Shinji Kitamura, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Naoki Muguruma, Tetsuji Takayama
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is known to be strongly associated with obesity, visceral fat, metabolic syndrome (MS), lifestyle, and lifestyle-related diseases in both males and females. However, the prevalence of NAFLD, MS, and clinical backgrounds is different between males and females. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cross-sectional study to examine the differing influence of lifestyle-related factors and visceral fat on fatty liver (FL) with elevation of liver enzymes between males and females with MS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571712/effects-of-weight-loss-on-adipose-visceral-and-subcutaneous-tissue-in-overweight-adults
#12
Cláudia Porto Sabino Pinho, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Ana Paula Dornelas Leão Leite, Isa Galvão Rodrigues
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Weight loss is an important strategy for mitigating the complications of obesity. However, weight reduction does not provide detailed information on relative changes in bodily behaviors and in abdominal fat deposits (adipose visceral tissue (AVT) and adipose subcutaneous tissue (AST)). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of weight loss based on calorie restriction on AVT and AST in overweight individuals (1); to verify the metabolic benefits resulting from AVT reduction (2); and to the analyze the influence of covariates in AVT and AST reduction (3)...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567337/body-mass-index-is-associated-with-region-dependent-metabolic-reprogramming-of-adipose-tissue
#13
Marco G Alves, Ângela Moreira, Marta Guimarães, Mário Nora, Mario Sousa, Pedro F Oliveira, Mariana P Monteiro
Adipose tissue (AT) is involved in dysmetabolism pathogenesis. Regional fat distribution and functioning may contribute to obesity-related metabolic disorders and adverse health outcomes. Specific fat depots are suggested to possess unique biological properties, but specific metabolic profiles of subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) remain unknown. We aimed to characterize VAT and SAT glucose metabolism, and their correlation with body mass index (BMI). AT samples from patients (n = 12; F:M, 9:3) with a mean age of 46 years (26-83 years) and an average BMI of 29...
December 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556685/relationship-between-meeting-24-hour-movement-guidelines-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-children
#14
Peter T Katzmarzyk, Amanda E Staiano
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to evaluate the relationship between adherence to pediatric 24-hour movement guidelines (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), sedentary behavior and sleep) and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: The sample included 357 white and African American children aged 5-18 years. Physical activity, TV viewing and sleep duration were measured using questionnaires, and the 24-hour guidelines were defined as: ≥60 min/day of MVPA on ≥5 days/week, ≤2 h/day of TV, and sleeping 9-11 h/night (ages 5-13 y) or 8-10 h/night (ages 14-18 y)...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555408/bariatric-surgery-induced-resolution-of-hypertension-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-impact-of-modulation-of-body-fat-ectopic-fat-autonomic-nervous-activity-inflammatory-and-adipokine-profiles
#15
Audrey Auclair, Laurent Biertho, Simon Marceau, Frédéric-Simon Hould, Simon Biron, Stéfane Lebel, François Julien, Odette Lescelleur, Yves Lacasse, Marie-Eve Piché, Katherine Cianflone, Sebastian Demian Parlee, Kerry Goralski, Julie Martin, Marjorie Bastien, David H St-Pierre, Paul Poirier
BACKGROUND: Obesity-associated systemic hypertension (HTN) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have multiple pathophysiological pathways including ectopic fat deposition, inflammation, altered adipokine profile, and increased sympathetic nervous activity. We characterized these potential mechanisms in severely obese patients with or without HTN and OSA. We also compared changes of these mechanisms at 12 months following biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) surgery according to HTN and OSA resolution...
May 29, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555285/association-of-adiposity-indices-with-bone-density-and-bone-turnover-in-the-chinese-population
#16
J Wang, D Yan, X Hou, P Chen, Q Sun, Y Bao, C Hu, Z Zhang, W Jia
Associations of adiposity indices with bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers were evaluated in Chinese participants. Body mass index, fat mass, and lean mass are positively related to BMD in both genders. Subcutaneous fat area was proved to be negatively associated with BMD and positively correlated with osteocalcin in postmenopausal females. INTRODUCTION: Obesity is highly associated with osteoporosis, but the effect of adipose tissue on bone is contradictory. Our study aimed to assess the associations of adiposity indices with bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers (BTMs) in the Chinese population...
May 29, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552744/reduction-in-serum-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-after-gastric-bypass-is-related-to-changes-in-hepatic-fat-content
#17
Karen Fjeldborg, Steen B Pedersen, Holger J Møller, Bjørn Richelsen
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is elevated in obesity. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the circulating level of FGF21 and the expression of FGF21, beta-klotho (KLB), and FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1) in adipose tissue in relation to weight, fat distribution, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)-induced weight loss. SETTING: The Department of Endocrinology at Aarhus University Hospital. METHODS: Thirty-one obese patients were enrolled...
April 7, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549558/the-kv1-3-channel-blocker-vm24-enhances-muscle-glucose-transporter-4-mobilization-but-does-not-reduce-body-weight-gain-in-diet-induced-obese-male-rats
#18
Lorraine Jaimes-Hoy, Georgina B Gurrola, Miguel Cisneros, Patricia Joseph-Bravo, Lourival D Possani, Jean-Louis Charli
AIMS: Voltage-gated potassium channels 1.3 (Kv1.3) can be targeted to reduce diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance in mice. Since species-specific differences in Kv1.3 expression and pharmacology have been observed, we tested the effect of Vm24, a high-affinity specific blocker of Kv1.3 channels from Vaejovis mexicanus smithi, on body weight (BW), glucose tolerance and insulin resistance in diet-induced obese rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Young adult male Wistar rats were switched to a high-fat/high-fructose (HFF) diet...
May 23, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549096/the-molecular-mechanisms-of-obesity-paradox
#19
Alexios S Antonopoulos, Dimitris Tousoulis
Clinical observations suggest a complex relationship between human obesity and cardiovascular disease. Whilst abdominal (visceral) adiposity leads to deleterious metabolic disturbances, subcutaneous fat accumulation has a benign effect on cardiometabolic risk. Notably, an accumulating body of evidence paradoxically links increased body mass index with a better prognosis in patients with established cardiovascular disease, a finding that has been termed the 'obesity paradox'. While this is now acknowledged to be an epidemiological finding, a metabolically healthy obese group associated with low cardiovascular risk has also been identified...
May 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545081/perturbed-adipose-tissue-hydrogen-peroxide-metabolism-in-centrally-obese-men-association-with-insulin-resistance
#20
May G Akl, Eman Fawzy, Maha Deif, Ayman Farouk, Amany K Elshorbagy
OBJECTIVE: Although adipose tissue hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and its metabolizing enzymes have been linked to obesity and insulin resistance in animal studies, this relation remains to be evaluated in humans. METHODS: Non-diabetic men (N = 43, median age, 49 (37, 54 y)) undergoing abdominal surgeries were studied. Participants were classified by body mass index (BMI) into normal-weight (N = 19), or overweight/obese (Ow/Ob; BMI ≥25; N = 24). Centrally obese men were identified by waist-height ratio ≥0...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
73793
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"