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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907061/tracking-the-evolution-of-infrastructure-systems-and-mass-responses-using-publically-available-data
#1
Xiangyang Guan, Cynthia Chen, Dan Work
Networks can evolve even on a short-term basis. This phenomenon is well understood by network scientists, but receive little attention in empirical literature involving real-world networks. On one hand, this is due to the deceitfully fixed topology of some networks such as many physical infrastructures, whose evolution is often deemed unlikely to occur in short term; on the other hand, the lack of data prohibits scientists from studying subjects such as social networks that seem likely to evolve on a short-term basis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683227/psychopathic-personality-traits-in-5%C3%A2-year-old-twins-the-importance-of-genetic-and-shared-environmental-influences
#2
Catherine Tuvblad, Kostas A Fanti, Henrik Andershed, Olivier F Colins, Henrik Larsson
There is limited research on the genetic and environmental bases of psychopathic personality traits in children. In this study, psychopathic personality traits were assessed in a total of 1189 5-year-old boys and girls drawn from the Preschool Twin Study in Sweden. Psychopathic personality traits were assessed with the Child Problematic Traits Inventory, a teacher-report measure of psychopathic personality traits in children ranging from 3 to 12 years old. Univariate results showed that genetic influences accounted for 57, 25, and 74 % of the variance in the grandiose-deceitful, callous-unemotional, and impulsive-need for stimulation dimensions, while the shared environment accounted for 17, 48 and 9 % (n...
September 28, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500987/extensive-necrotic-purpura-in-levamisole-adulterated-cocaine-abuse-a-case-report
#3
Erwan Le Garff, Gilles Tournel, Coralie Becquart, Olivier Cottencin, Nicolas Dupin, Emmanuel Delaporte, Valéry Hedouin
Levamisole, which is used as an adulterated compound of cocaine, is currently being seen year after year in cocaine intoxication. For a few cases in the last decade, necrotic purpura and neutropenia after levamisole/cocaine intoxication have been described in the medical community. Herein, we present an original case of levamisole intoxication of a 40-year-old woman who smoked heroin and cocaine few during a month. She rapidly presented an extensive necrotic purpura of the nose, cheeks and extremities (lower and upper), and immunologic reactions (positive anti-MPO and anti-HNE)...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476247/-low-risk-pregnancy-fact-or-deceit
#4
K Samuel Karchmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445957/detecting-deception-within-small-groups-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Zarah Vernham, Pär-Anders Granhag, Erik M Giolla
Investigators often have multiple suspects to interview in order to determine whether they are guilty or innocent of a crime. Nevertheless, co-offending has been significantly neglected within the deception detection literature. The current review is the first of its kind to discuss co-offending and the importance of examining the detection of deception within groups. Groups of suspects can be interviewed separately (individual interviewing) or simultaneously (collective interviewing) and these differing interviewing styles are assessed throughout the review...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427845/pseudocide-a-case-report
#6
M Justin Coffey, Brian K Ahmedani
The authors describe a case of "pseudocide" in which the patient appears to have feigned his own suicide. This case was identified as a result of a routine reconciliation of internally collected suicide data with government-collected mortality data. The authors discuss the evolution of the concept of pseudocide in the clinical literature and consider issues related to deceitful and factitious behaviors and suicide surveillance and measurement.
July 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350097/genetic-influences-on-conduct-disorder
#7
Jessica E Salvatore, Danielle M Dick
Conduct disorder (CD) is a moderately heritable psychiatric disorder of childhood and adolescence characterized by aggression toward people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violation of rules. Genome-wide scans using linkage and association methods have identified a number of suggestive genomic regions that are pending replication. A small number of candidate genes (e.g., GABRA2, MAOA, SLC6A4, AVPR1A) are associated with CD related phenotypes across independent studies; however, failures to replicate also exist...
June 24, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27302723/a-comparative-study-with-depressed-patients-on-the-acceptability-of-placebo-use
#8
Kfir Feffer, Pesach Lichtenberg, Gideon Becker, Yuval Bloch, Roni Netzer, Uri Nitzan
OBJECTIVE: High rates of placebo responses are consistently reported in patients with major depressive disorder. Nonetheless, treating depression with placebo is still ethically controversial and generally prohibited in the clinical setting. In the present study, we assess the acceptability of placebo usage among depressed patients. METHOD: Ninety-six outpatients with major depressive disorder were matched to 114 healthy controls. After a thorough explanation of the placebo effect, its efficacy and limitations in the treatment of depression, the study participants completed a 32-item self-report questionnaire...
July 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281797/the-unethical-use-of-ethical-rhetoric-the-case-of-flibanserin-and-pharmacologisation-of-female-sexual-desire
#9
Weronika Chańska, Katarzyna Grunt-Mejer
The current debate around sexual dysfunctions focuses mostly on the pharmacological regulation of lowered sexual desire in women. The Food and Drug Administration approval of the first drug-Addyi-to treat this condition was preceded by a campaign, in which ethically saturated arguments were used to lobby policy makers. This article provides a critical evaluation of these arguments. In particular, we focus our attention on deceitful and unethical use of moral arguments and concepts. First, we present the context in which hypoactive sexual desire disorder is defined as a serious medical condition, showing how non-medical and non-scientific influences shaped the understanding of the problem...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27229306/facilitators-and-barriers-of-herbal-medicine-use-in-accra-ghana-an-inductive-exploratory-study
#10
Lydia Aziato, Hannah Ohemeng Antwi
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine including herbal medicine is increasing in many countries including Ghana. However, there is paucity of research on the perspectives of patrons of herbal medicine regarding the facilitators and barriers of herbal medicine use. This study sought to investigate the facilitators and barriers of herbal medicine among Ghanaian adults who use one form of herbal medicine or the other. METHODS: The study employed an inductive exploratory qualitative approach...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222358/a-sacred-command-of-reason-deceit-deception-and-dishonesty-in-nurse-education
#11
Gary Rolfe
Kant (Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals. Hackett, Indianapolis, 1797) described honesty as 'a sacred command of reason' which should be obeyed at all times and at any cost. This study inquires into the practice of dishonesty, deception, and deceit by universities in the UK in the pursuit of quality indicators such as league table positions, Research Excellence Framework (REF) scores, and student satisfaction survey results. Deception occurs when the metrics which inform these tables and surveys are manipulated to suggest an improvement in quality when, in fact, the raised scores are merely the result of clever strategic planning...
July 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203580/living-my-narrative-storying-dishonesty-and-deception-in-mental-health-nursing
#12
Alec J Grant
This article proceeds from MacIntyre's moral philosophical perspective of individual human lives constituting unified narratives, in the context of co-evolving framing and guiding master narratives. This perspective accords specific episodes in people's lives the status of significant component parts of their developing, storied and enacted individual histories. From this philosophical base, autoethnographic principles will be employed in providing accounts from my own professional life narrative strand as a mental health nurse educator that speak to the issue of institutionalized dishonesty and deception in mental health nursing education and practice...
July 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197791/deceit-and-dishonesty-as-practice-the-comfort-of-lying
#13
Melody Carter
Lying and deceit are instruments of power, used by social actors in the pursuit of their practices as they seek to maintain social order. All social actors, nurses included, have deceit and dishonesty within their repertoire of practice. Much of this is benign, well intentioned and a function of being sociable and necessary in the pursuit of social order in the healthcare environment. Lying and deceit from a sociological point of view, is a reflection of the different modes of domination that exist within a social space...
July 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146100/coral-snakes-predict-the-evolution-of-mimicry-across-new-world-snakes
#14
Alison R Davis Rabosky, Christian L Cox, Daniel L Rabosky, Pascal O Title, Iris A Holmes, Anat Feldman, Jimmy A McGuire
Batesian mimicry, in which harmless species (mimics) deter predators by deceitfully imitating the warning signals of noxious species (models), generates striking cases of phenotypic convergence that are classic examples of evolution by natural selection. However, mimicry of venomous coral snakes has remained controversial because of unresolved conflict between the predictions of mimicry theory and empirical patterns in the distribution and abundance of snakes. Here we integrate distributional, phenotypic and phylogenetic data across all New World snake species to demonstrate that shifts to mimetic coloration in nonvenomous snakes are highly correlated with coral snakes in both space and time, providing overwhelming support for Batesian mimicry...
2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112743/the-man-who-would-be-everything-to-everyone-the-unconscious-realities-and-fantasies-of-psychic-truth-and-change
#15
Jody Messler Davies
This paper explores the psychoanalyst's dilemmas in treating a man who came for analysis as a self-identified compulsive liar. The decision as to whether or not to treat this man, and how to do so without getting caught up in a web of deceit and manipulation, raises issues about the nature of unconscious fantasy and its relationship to psychic truth. Therapeutic action as it involves the activation of multiple internal self-other configurations and their psychodynamic relationship to each other is also explored...
April 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101442/interpersonal-callousness-from-childhood-to-adolescence-developmental-trajectories-and-early-risk-factors
#16
Amy L Byrd, Samuel W Hawes, Rolf Loeber, Dustin A Pardini
Youth with a callous interpersonal style, consistent with features of adult psychopathy (e.g., lack of guilt, deceitful), are at risk for exhibiting severe and protracted antisocial behaviors. However, no studies have examined changes that occur in interpersonal callousness (IC) from childhood to adolescence, and little is known about the influence of early child, social, and contextual factors on trajectories of IC. The current study examined distinct patterns of IC across childhood and adolescence and associations with early risk factors...
April 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080639/the-diverse-functions-of-osteoglycin-a-deceitful-dwarf-or-a-master-regulator-of-disease
#17
REVIEW
Sophie Deckx, Stephane Heymans, Anna-Pia Papageorgiou
Small leucine-rich proteoglycans are emerging as important regulatory proteins within the extracellular matrix, where they exert both structural and nonstructural functions and hence are modulators of numerous biological processes, such as inflammation, fibrosis, and cell proliferation. One proteoglycan in particular, osteoglycin (OGN), also known as mimecan, shows great structural and functional diversity in normal physiology and in disease states, therefore making it a very interesting candidate for the development of novel therapeutic strategies...
August 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26955360/how-children-s-mentalistic-theory-widens-their-conception-of-pictorial-possibilities
#18
Gabriella M Gilli, Simona Ruggi, Monica Gatti, Norman H Freeman
An interpretative theory of mind enables young children to grasp that people fulfill varying intentions when making pictures. We tested the hypothesis that in middle childhood a unifunctional conception of artists' intention to produce a picture widens to include artists' intention to display their pictures to others. Children aged between 5 and 10 years viewed a brief video of an artist deliberately hiding her picture but her intention was thwarted when her picture was discovered and displayed. By 8 years of age children were almost unanimous that a picture-producer without an intention to show her work to others cannot be considered to be an artist...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941667/communicative-pragmatic-treatment-in-schizophrenia-a-pilot-study
#19
Francesca M Bosco, Ilaria Gabbatore, Luigi Gastaldo, Katiuscia Sacco
This paper aims to verify the efficacy of Cognitive Pragmatic Treatment (CPT), a new remediation training for the improvement of the communicative-pragmatic abilities, in patients with schizophrenia. The CPT program is made up of 20 group sessions, focused on a number of communication modalities, i.e., linguistic, extralinguistic and paralinguistic, theory of mind (ToM) and other cognitive functions able to play a role on the communicative performance, such as awareness and planning. A group of 17 patients with schizophrenia took part in the training program...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26888579/how-to-be-a-dioecious-fig-chemical-mimicry-between-sexes-matters-only-when-both-sexes-flower-synchronously
#20
M Hossaert-McKey, M Proffit, C C L Soler, C Chen, J-M Bessière, B Schatz, R M Borges
In nursery pollination mutualisms, which are usually obligate interactions, olfactory attraction of pollinators by floral volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is the main step in guaranteeing partner encounter. However, mechanisms ensuring the evolutionary stability of dioecious fig-pollinator mutualisms, in which female fig trees engage in pollination by deceit resulting in zero reproductive success of pollinators that visit them, are poorly understood. In dioecious figs, individuals of each sex should be selected to produce odours that their pollinating wasps cannot distinguish, especially since pollinators have usually only one choice of a nursery during their lifetime...
2016: Scientific Reports
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