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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912675/deceptive-but-not-honest-manipulative-actions-are-associated-with-increased-interaction-between-middle-and-inferior-frontal-gyri
#1
Maxim Kireev, Alexander Korotkov, Natalia Medvedeva, Ruslan Masharipov, Svyatoslav Medvedev
The prefrontal cortex is believed to be responsible for execution of deceptive behavior and its involvement is associated with greater cognitive efforts. It is also generally assumed that deception is associated with the inhibition of default honest actions. However, the precise neurophysiological mechanisms underlying this process remain largely unknown. The present study was aimed to use functional magnetic resonance imaging to reveal the underlying functional integration within the prefrontal cortex during the task which requires that subjects to deliberately mislead an opponent through the sequential execution of deceptive and honest claims...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895947/database-of-multi-parametric-geophysical-data-from-the-tomo-dec-experiment-on-deception-island-antarctica
#2
Jesús M Ibáñez, Alejandro Díaz-Moreno, Janire Prudencio, Daria Zandomeneghi, William Wilcock, Andrew Barclay, Javier Almendros, Carmen Benítez, Araceli García-Yeguas, Gerardo Alguacil
Deception Island volcano (Antarctica) is one of the most closely monitored and studied volcanoes on the region. In January 2005, a multi-parametric international experiment was conducted that encompassed both Deception Island and its surrounding waters. We performed this experiment from aboard the Spanish oceanographic vessel 'Hespérides', and from five land-based locations on Deception Island (the Spanish scientific Antarctic base 'Gabriel de Castilla' and four temporary camps). This experiment allowed us to record active seismic signals using a large network of seismic stations that were deployed both on land and on the seafloor...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895777/effects-of-kinesio-tape-in-individuals-with-lateral-epicondylitis-a-deceptive-crossover-trial
#3
Ivan P H Au, Pak Che Patricia Fan, Wang Yiu Lee, Man Wai Leong, Oi Yin Tang, Winko W An, Roy T Cheung
OBJECTIVES: To determine the true and immediate effect of applying Kinesio tape (KT) on the pain intensity, pain-free grip strength, maximal grip strength, and electromyographic activity with facilitatory KT, inhibitory KT, sham KT, and untaped condition in patients with lateral epicondylitis (LE) who were ignorant about KT. DESIGN: Deceptive crossover trial. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three patients with unilateral chronic LE who were ignorant about KT, 30 of them were successfully deceived in this study...
September 12, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892531/deception-in-schools-when-crisis-preparedness-efforts-go-too-far
#4
David J Schonfeld, Eric Rossen, Diann Woodard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880306/cuckoo-call-adds-another-layer-of-deception
#5
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875145/actinomyces-a-deceptive-infection-of-oral-cavity
#6
Rishi Thukral, Kirti Shrivastav, Vidhi Mathur, Animesh Barodiya, Saurabh Shrivastav
Actinomycosis is an infrequent chronic infection regarded as the most misdiagnosed disease by experienced clinicians. The Office of Rare Diseases at the National Institute of Health has also listed this disease as a "rare disease." This article presents a case report of actinomycosis of the alveolus with unusual clinical features but a successful resolution. It also states the importance of biopsy of deceptive inflammatory lesions that do not respond or recur after conventional treatment modalities.
August 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852594/fluctuating-selection-across-years-and-phenotypic-variation-in-food-deceptive-orchids
#7
Giovanni Scopece, Nicolas Juillet, Christian Lexer, Salvatore Cozzolino
Nectarless flowers that deceive pollinators offer an opportunity to study asymmetric plant-insect interactions. Orchids are a widely used model for studying these interactions because they encompass several thousand species adopting deceptive pollination systems. High levels of intra-specific phenotypic variation have been reported in deceptive orchids, suggesting a reduced consistency of pollinator-mediated selection on their floral traits. Nevertheless, several studies report on widespread directional selection mediated by pollinators even in these deceptive orchids...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845948/-resistance-of-urinary-tract-pathogens-and-the-choice-of-antimicrobial-therapy-deceptive-simplicity
#8
V V Rafalskiy, E V Dovgan
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common reasons for prescribing antibiotics in outpatient and inpatient settings. One of the main criteria for selecting antimicrobial drugs for treating UTI is data on the antibiotic resistance of uropathogens. The article discusses the difficulties in interpreting the results of antimicrobial sensitivity testing of uropathogens and the impact of antibiotic resistance of uropathogens on the clinical effectiveness of managing UTI.
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843849/contamination-incidents-in-the-pre-analytical-phase-of-forensic-dna-analysis-in-austria-statistics-of-17-years
#9
Ines Pickrahn, Gabriele Kreindl, Eva Müller, Bettina Dunkelmann, Waltraud Zahrer, Jan Cemper-Kiesslich, F Neuhuber
Forensic DNA analyses have become more and more sensitive in the past years. With the ability to generate DNA profiles even from minute amounts of cellular material also the possibility to detect DNA on trace material that originates from persons not linked to the crime event, such as crime scene investigators, increases. The contamination of crime scene samples can lead to false positive results and misinterpretation that can cause deceptive investigations. In this work we continue a study of 2010 that compared the number of detected contamination incidents that were caused in the pre-analytical phase of forensic DNA analysis with the number of crime scene samples analyzed by our laboratory...
July 27, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837939/measurement-invariance-of-the-internet-gaming-disorder-scale-short-form-igds9-sf-between-the-united-states-of-america-india-and-the-united-kingdom
#10
Halley M Pontes, Vasileios Stavropoulos, Mark D Griffiths
The Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short-Form (IGDS9-SF) has been extensively used worldwide to assess Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) behaviors. Therefore, investigating cultural limitations and implications in its applicability is necessary. The cross-cultural feasibility of a test can be psychometrically evaluated with measurement invariance analyses. Thus, the present study used Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis (MGCFA) to examine the IGDS9-SF measurement invariance across gamers from the United States of America (USA), India, and the United Kingdom (UK)...
August 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836349/variation-in-floral-characters-particularly-floral-scent-in-sapromyophilous-stemona-species
#11
Gao Chen, Wei-Chang Gong, Jia Ge, Johann Schinnerl, Bin Wang, Wei-Bang Sun
Flowers or inflorescences often deploy various signals, including visual, olfactory, and gustatory cues, that can be detected by their pollinators. In many plants, these cues and their functions are poorly understood. Deciphering the interactions between floral cues and pollinators is crucial for analyzing the reproductive success of flowering plants. In this study, we examined the composition of the fetid floral scents produced by several Stemona species, including nine S. tuberosa populations from across China, using dynamic headspace adsorption, gas chromatography, and mass spectrometry techniques...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832082/synchronous-cervical-minimal-deviation-adenocarcinoma-gastric-type-adenocarcinoma-and-lobular-endocervical-glandular-hyperplasia-along-with-stil-in-peutz-jeghers-syndrome-eliciting-oncogenesis-pathways
#12
Azfar Neyaz, Nuzhat Husain, Manish Deodhar, Rohini Khurana, Saumya Shukla, Aditi Arora
We describe an unusual case of a Peutz-Jeghers syndrome associated with a composite synchronous cervical neoplasia comprising precursor "lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia (LEGH)", "minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA)" and "gastric-type adenocarcinoma (GTA)" along with a serous tubal intraepithelial lesion (STIL) in the right fallopian tube. A 24-year-old woman presented with a white mucoid discharge and bleeding per vaginum for one year. Histopathological evaluation showed MDA & GTA in FIGO grade III with pelvic lymph node metastasis despite a deceptively bland tumour morphology and low Ki-67 index, indicating an aggressive tumour course and poor prognosis...
2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831427/eosinophilic-variant-of-eccrine-porocarcinoma-of-the-scalp-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
M D Horwich, J Finch, O Ibrahimi, S S Dadras
Porocarcinoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of the acrosyringium with metastatic potential that most commonly presents on the acral skin in older adults (mean age = 72 years). We present the case of a 43-year-old woman who developed a rapidly growing de novo porocarcinoma on the scalp with an unusual oncocytic appearance. The tumor consisted of benign eccrine poroma that arose from the epidermis and broad pushing borders with minimal cytological atypia but ample eosinophilic cytoplasm with numerous mitotic figures...
September 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827634/reputation-management-promotes-strategic-adjustment-of-service-quality-in-cleaner-wrasse
#14
Sandra A Binning, Olivia Rey, Sharon Wismer, Zegni Triki, Gaétan Glauser, Marta C Soares, Redouan Bshary
Adjusting one's behaviour in response to eavesdropping bystanders is considered a sophisticated social strategy, yet the underlying mechanisms are not well studied. Cleaner wrasse, Labroides dimidiatus, cooperate by eating ectoparasites off "client" fishes, or cheat (i.e. bite) and eat client mucus. Image scoring by bystander clients generally causes cleaners from socially-complex (i.e. high cleaner and client abundance; high client species richness) habitats to increase levels of cooperation. However, some individuals may periodically provide tactile stimulation to small resident clients, which attract bystanders close that are bitten, a form of tactical deception...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813802/movement-therapy-without-moving-first-results-on-isometric-movement-training-for-post-stroke-rehabilitation-of-arm-function
#15
A Melendez-Calderon, E Rodrigues, K Thielbar, J L Patton
This study explores the use of isometric movement training for arm rehabilitation after stroke. The aim of this approach is to enhance movement skill even when the person training is not moving. This is accomplished by deceptively displaying virtual motions, exploiting known cross-modal sensory interactions between vision and proprioception. This approach can be advantageous in situations where actual movement is prohibitive due to weakness, spasticity, instability, or unsafe conditions. We present early insights on usability of and tolerance to this training approach and quantitative results that can power future clinical trials...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812952/impact-of-adult-attachment-anxiety-on-deception-judgments-examining-the-moderating-effect-of-motivation
#16
Song Wu, Wei Cai, Yanjun Zhang, Ying Liu, Shenghua Jin
Several psychologists have paid attention to individual differences in deception detection, but only a few studies have found significant results. The present study aimed to explore the relationship between attachment anxiety and deception judgment when there are no obvious cues to distinguish lies from truth, and to examine the moderating effect of motives. Participants were instructed to judge each of 10 audios on whether they were true or false. Subsequently, the attachment anxiety of participants was assessed using the Experiences in Close Relationships questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812222/ethics-and-phishing-experiments
#17
David B Resnik, Peter R Finn
Phishing is a fraudulent form of email that solicits personal or financial information from the recipient, such as a password, username, or social security or bank account number. The scammer may use the illicitly obtained information to steal the victim's money or identity or sell the information to another party. The direct costs of phishing on consumers are exceptionally high and have risen substantially over the past 12 years. Phishing experiments that simulate real world conditions can provide cybersecurity experts with valuable knowledge they can use to develop effective countermeasures and prevent people from being duped by phishing emails...
August 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810400/an-event-level-examination-of-successful-condom-negotiation-strategies-among-young-women
#18
Courtney Peasant, Erika A Montanaro, Trace S Kershaw, Gilbert R Parra, Nicole H Weiss, Jaimie P Meyer, James G Murphy, Tiarney D Ritchwood, Tami P Sullivan
This study examines the effect of condom negotiation strategies on condom use and partner type and substance use before sex as moderators of strategy effectiveness. Women reported their daily sexual behavior during the last month. Withholding sex was more strongly associated with condom use when utilized with a non-casual sex partner. Directly requesting condom use was more strongly and using deceptive reasons to influence condom use was less strongly related to condom use during substance use. Results underscore the importance of understanding the contexts in which condom negotiation strategies are successful in order to improve HIV/sexually transmitted infection prevention efforts among women...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808562/floral-scent-and-species-divergence-in-a-pair-of-sexually-deceptive-orchids
#19
Daniel D L Gervasi, Marc-Andre Selosse, Mathieu Sauve, Wittko Francke, Nicolas J Vereecken, Salvatore Cozzolino, Florian P Schiestl
Speciation is typically accompanied by the formation of isolation barriers between lineages. Commonly, reproductive barriers are separated into pre- and post-zygotic mechanisms that can evolve with different speed. In this study, we measured the strength of different reproductive barriers in two closely related, sympatric orchids of the Ophrys insectifera group, namely Ophrys insectifera and Ophrys aymoninii to infer possible mechanisms of speciation. We quantified pre- and post-pollination barriers through observation of pollen flow, by performing artificial inter- and intraspecific crosses and analyzing scent bouquets...
August 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806928/colour-polymorphic-lures-exploit-innate-preferences-for-spectral-versus-luminance-cues-in-dipteran-prey
#20
Thomas E White, Darrell J Kemp
BACKGROUND: Theory predicts that colour polymorphism may be favored by variation in the visual context under which signals are perceived. The context encompasses all environmental determinants of light availability and propagation, but also the dynamics of perception in receivers. Color vision involves the neural separation of information into spectral versus luminance channels, which often differentially guide specific tasks. Here we explicitly tested whether this discrete perceptual basis contributes to the maintenance of polymorphism in a prey-luring system...
August 14, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
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