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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351938/unusual-skin-mass-primary-cutaneous-mucinous-carcinoma
#1
Hussnain Javaid, Naeem Raza, Urwa Ejaz, Tariq Sarfraz
Primary mucinous carcinoma of the skin is a rare malignant tumour of sweat gland origin. Diagnostic concerns include its deceptively benign appearance in some cases and the difficulty in differentiating it from secondary mucinous carcinoma of skin metastasising from a primary source elsewhere. A case of a 75-year-old man is reported who presented with a slowly growing painless mass near the lateral canthus of the right eye for about 2 years. Clinically, a diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma was made whereas histopathology revealed mucinous carcinoma of the skin...
January 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347612/biological-cell-as-a-soft-magnetoelectric-material-elucidating-the-physical-mechanisms-underpinning-the-detection-of-magnetic-fields-by-animals
#2
S Krichen, L Liu, P Sharma
Sharks, birds, bats, turtles, and many other animals can detect magnetic fields. Aside from using this remarkable ability to exploit the terrestrial magnetic field map to sense direction, a subset is also able to implement a version of the so-called geophysical positioning system. How do these animals detect magnetic fields? The answer to this rather deceptively simple question has proven to be quite elusive. The currently prevalent theories, while providing interesting insights, fall short of explaining several aspects of magnetoreception...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345487/on-the-general-acceptance-of-confessions-research-opinions-of-the-scientific-community
#3
Saul M Kassin, Allison D Redlich, Fabiana Alceste, Timothy J Luke
Eighty-seven experts on the psychology of confessions-many of whom were highly published, many with courtroom experience-were surveyed online about their opinions on 30 propositions of relevance to deception detection, police interrogations, confessions, and relevant general principles of psychology. As indicated by an agreement rate of at least 80%, there was a strong consensus that several findings are sufficiently reliable to present in court. This list includes but is not limited to the proposition that the risk of false confessions is increased not only by explicit threats and promises but by 2 common interrogation tactics-namely, the false evidence ploy and minimization tactics that imply leniency by offering sympathy and moral justification...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331062/benefits-of-increasing-transpiration-efficiency-in-wheat-under-elevated-co2-for-rainfed-regions
#4
Brendan Christy, Sabine Tausz-Posch, Michael Tausz, Richard Richards, Greg Rebetzke, Anthony Condon, Terry Mclean, Glenn Fitzgerald, Maryse Bourgault, Garry O'Leary
Higher transpiration efficiency (TE) has been proposed as a mechanism to increase crop yields in dry environments where water availability usually limits yield. The application of a coupled radiation and transpiration efficiency simulation model shows wheat yield advantage of a high TE cultivar (cv. Drysdale) over its almost identical low TE parent line (Hartog), from about -7 to 558 kg ha-1 (mean 187 kg ha-1 ) over the rainfed cropping region in Australia (221 to 1351 mm annual rainfall), under the present-day climate...
January 13, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316498/the-relation-between-having-siblings-and-children-s-cheating-and-lie-telling-behaviors
#5
Alison M O'Connor, Angela D Evans
The current study investigated how having at least one child sibling influenced children's dishonest behaviors. Furthermore, for those children with a sibling, we examined whether having a younger or older sibling and the age difference between siblings influenced deceptive acts. Children between 3 and 8 years of age (N = 130) completed the temptation resistance paradigm, where they played a guessing game and were asked not to peek at a toy in the experimenter's absence. Children's peeking behavior was used as a measure of cheating, and children's responses when asked whether they had peeked were used as measures of lie-telling...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313191/paths-to-parenthood-among-self-identified-bisexual-individuals-in-the-united-states
#6
Jessamyn Bowling, Brian Dodge, Elizabeth Bartelt, Megan Simmons, J Dennis Fortenberry
Bisexual parents have been notably absent from prior research on parenting, despite comprising the largest proportion of parents among "lesbian, gay, and bisexual" (LGB) individuals. Indeed, recent national probability data indicate that young bisexual women are more likely than their heterosexual counterparts to report having at least one child. Intentions to have children, patterns of family planning and contraception use, and related issues have important implications for health and healthcare-related decisions and priorities among bisexual parents...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309988/the-therapeutic-discharge-ii-an-approach-to-documentation-in-the-setting-of-feigned-suicidal-ideation
#7
REVIEW
Nicholas Kontos, John B Taylor, Scott R Beach
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic discharge of patients assessed as misrepresenting suicidal ideation, though in the best interests of the patient, physician, and health care system, is an inherently risk-assuming action. The rationale and conduct of the therapeutic discharge has been written on previously. Here, we propose a method of documenting the therapeutic discharge in a way that is useful and teachable. METHOD: After describing some other types of note-writing that can be needed in the care of deceptive patients, we describe an approach to each of the major sections of an initial consultation/encounter note as it applies to the therapeutic discharge...
December 22, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305871/resting-heart-rate-a-physiological-predicator-of-lie-detection-ability
#8
Geoffrey Duran, Isabelle Tapiero, George A Michael
This study explored a psychophysiological measure, Resting Heart Rate (RHR), as a predicator of the ability to detect lies. RHR was recorded for 1min and followed by a deception detection task in which participants were required to judge 24 videos of people describing a real-life event (50% truthful, 50% deceptive). Multiple regression analyses showed that, among other individual characteristics, only RHR predicted the ability to distinguish truth from lies. Importantly, the prediction was negative. This result suggests that the higher the RHR, the worse the detection of lies...
January 3, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298910/the-problem-with-using-patient-complaints-for-improvement
#9
Marit S de Vos, Jaap F Hamming, Perla J Marang-van de Mheen
'The Problem with…' series covers controversial topics related to efforts to improve healthcare quality, including widely recommended, but deceptively difficult strategies for improvement and pervasive problems that seem to resist solution.
January 3, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297718/evaluation-of-physiologic-alterations-during-prehospital-paramedic-performed-rapid-sequence-intubation
#10
Robert G Walker, Lynn J White, Geneva N Whitmore, Alexander Esibov, Michael K Levy, Gregory C Cover, Joel D Edminster, James M Nania
OBJECTIVE: Physiologic alterations during rapid sequence intubation (RSI) have been studied in several emergency airway management settings, but few data exist to describe physiologic alterations during prehospital RSI performed by ground-based paramedics. To address this evidence gap and provide guidance for future quality improvement initiatives in our EMS system, we collected electronic monitoring data to evaluate peri-intubation vital signs changes occurring during prehospital RSI...
January 3, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297496/variants-of-acinar-adenocarcinoma-of-the-prostate-mimicking-benign-conditions
#11
Peter A Humphrey
Histological variants of acinar adenocarcinoma of the prostate may be of significance due to difficulty in diagnosis or due to differences in prognosis compared to usual acinar adenocarcinoma. The 2016 World Health Organization classification of acinar adenocarcinoma includes four variants that are deceptively benign in histological appearance, such that a misdiagnosis of a benign condition may be made. These four variants are atrophic pattern adenocarcinoma, pseudohyperplastic adenocarcinoma, microcystic adenocarcinoma, and foamy gland adenocarcinoma...
January 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287330/detection-of-counterfeit-brand-spirits-using-1h-nmr-fingerprints-in-comparison-to-sensory-analysis
#12
Thomas Kuballa, Thomas Hausler, Alex O Okaru, Maria Neufeld, Kennedy O Abuga, Isaac O Kibwage, Jürgen Rehm, Burkhard Luy, Stephan G Walch, Dirk W Lachenmeier
Beverage fraud involving counterfeiting of brand spirits is an increasing problem not only due to deception of the consumer but also because it poses health risks e.g. from possible methanol admixture. Suspicious spirit samples from Russia and Kenya were analysed using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in comparison to authentic products. Using linear regression analysis of spectral integral values, 4 counterfeited samples from Russia and 2 from Kenya were easily identifiable with R2 < 0...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287224/the-three-betrayals-of-the-medical-cannabis-growing-activist-from-multiple-victimhood-to-reconstruction-redemption-and-activism
#13
Axel Klein, Gary R Potter
While cannabis has been widely used in the UK for over 50 years, it is only in recent decades that domestic cultivation has become established. Public concern, media reporting and policing policy has emphasised the role of profit motivated criminal organisations often working on a large scale and with coerced labour. However, increasingly, another population are growing for medical reasons, to help themselves and others treat or manage difficult, poorly understood, or incurable conditions. Our study sought to further understand the motives, techniques and interactions of cannabis cultivators through interviews with 48 growers and supplementary ethnographic work...
December 26, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286543/detecting-deception-in-our-research-participants-are-your-participants-who-you-think-they-are
#14
REVIEW
Mary E McCaul, Gary S Wand
There is increasing awareness of the potential negative impacts of participant deception on research, including possibly undermining reliability and reproducibility of study findings. These deceptive individuals set their personal interests above the rules of study participation, thereby jeopardizing data quality as well as placing themselves and others at risk. The costs of participant deception are numerous. Overall, it reduces statistical power and may even result in false conclusions about efficacy and safety...
December 29, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283190/manipulation-salience-and-nudges
#15
Robert Noggle
Cass Sunstein and Richard Thaler recommend helping people make better decisions by employing 'nudges', which they define as noncoercive methods of influencing choice for the better. Not surprisingly, healthcare practitioners and public policy professionals have become interested in whether nudges might be a promising method of improving health-related behaviors without resorting to heavy-handed methods such as coercion, deception, or government regulation. Many nudges seem unobjectionable as they merely improve the quality and quantity available for the decision-maker...
December 28, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279595/pseudomyogenic-epithelioid-sarcoma-like-hemangioendothelioma-a-rare-vascular-neoplasm-with-deceptive-morphology-and-distinctive-immunophenotype
#16
F F Cheo, K Sittampalam
Pseudomyogenic (epithelioid sarcoma-like) hemangioendothelioma is a rare, low grade vascular (endothelial) neoplasm typically presenting as multicentric, superficial to deep nodules in extremities with a slight tendency of affecting young adult males. We report a case of pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma in a 15-year-old boy presenting initially with a 1 cm right thigh painless cutaneous lump. The lump was excised with the clinical impression of a sebaceous cyst. On microscopy, a poorly circumscribed, mild to moderately atypical spindle cell lesion in fascicular and storiform patterns with strikingly myoid-like eosinophilic cytoplasm was identified...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251202/cd15-as-a-marker-of-fetoplacental-endothelial-immaturity-in-iugr-placentas
#17
Gayatri Ravikumar, Julian Crasta, Jyothi S Prabhu, Tinku Thomas, Pratibha Dwarkanath, Annamma Thomas, Anura V Kurpad, Tirumalai Srinivas Sridhar
BACKGROUND: Structural or functional defects in the placenta, are the primary cause of growth restriction of the fetus. Morphological examination of such placentas from intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) fetuses often appears deceptively normal. Evaluation of angiogenesis and fetoplacental vasculature is critical to understand the underlying pathogenesis of fetal growth restriction in both idiopathic as well as cases where it is thought to be secondary to complications like preeclampsia (PE)...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250011/importance-of-the-motivational-climate-in-goal-enjoyment-and-the-causes-of-success-in-handball-players
#18
Antonio Granero-Gallegos, Manuel Gómez-López, Nuria Rodríguez-Suárez, J Arturo Abraldes, Marianna Alesi, Antonino Bianco
The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of the motivational climate created by the coach and perceived by a group of young handball players on their goal orientations, their beliefs regarding reasons for success and their self-satisfaction. The study participants were 159 young handball players. Players were administered a battery composed of tests to measure the above-mentioned motivational constructs. Results showed that a perceived mastery-oriented motivational climate was positively related to a task-centered goal orientation, enjoyment, and a belief that success may be achieved through effort...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226961/detection-of-deception-event-related-potential-markers-of-attention-and-cognitive-control-during-intentional-false-responses
#19
Henning Gibbons, Robert Schnuerch, Christina Wittinghofer, Anne-Simone Armbrecht, Jutta Stahl
Successful deception requires the coordination of multiple mental processes, such as attention, conflict monitoring, and the regulation of emotion. We employed a simple classification task, assessing ERPs to further investigate the attentional and cognitive control components of (instructed) deception. In Experiment 1, 20 participants repeatedly categorized visually presented names of five animals and five plants. Prior to the experiment, however, each participant covertly selected one animal and one plant for deliberate misclassification...
December 11, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225859/an-unusual-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-healthy-young-man
#20
Yoshiro Kobe
Appearances are deceptive. Prejudice sometimes will betray us. The key to making a diagnosis of infection with unknown focus is a focused interview and thorough physical examination. No special medical care is needed for transgender individuals, although medical staff should be aware that some individuals might have special requirements.
December 2017: Clinical Case Reports
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