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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223960/deception-detection-in-action-embodied-simulation-in-antisocial-human-interactions
#1
Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222488/explaining-counterfeit-alcohol-purchases-in-russia
#2
Zoya Kotelnikova
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a common target of counterfeiting in Russia. Counterfeit alcohol is defined here as the manufacture, distribution, unauthorized placement (forgery) of protected commodity trademarks, and infringement of the exclusive rights of the registered trademark holders of alcoholic beverages. It is often argued that the expansion of the counterfeit product market is due to the steady demand of economically disadvantaged people for low-priced goods. The situation becomes more complicated once deceptive and nondeceptive forms of counterfeiting are taken into account...
February 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216865/behaviors-are-deceptive-in-pain-estimation-a-comparison-between-nurses-and-psychiatrists
#3
Suresh Yadav, Geetha Desai, Santosh K Chaturvedi
AIM: This study assessed the influence of pain behaviors on pain estimation by nurses and psychiatrists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pain ratings performed by nurses and psychiatrists who observed the case scenarios using role plays were assessed. The data were computed and frequencies were derived. t-test was used to compare the ratings between the groups. RESULTS: There was significant difference in the ratings of the pain severity by nurses and psychiatrists...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214131/social-decision-making-and-the-brain-a-comparative-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Sébastien Tremblay, K M Sharika, Michael L Platt
The capacity and motivation to be social is a key component of the human adaptive behavioral repertoire. Recent research has identified social behaviors remarkably similar to our own in other animals, including empathy, consolation, cooperation, and strategic deception. Moreover, neurobiological studies in humans, nonhuman primates, and rodents have identified shared brain structures (the so-called 'social brain') apparently specialized to mediate such functions. Neuromodulators may regulate social interactions by 'tuning' the social brain, with important implications for treating social impairments...
February 14, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202806/signals-cues-and-the-nature-of-mimicry
#5
REVIEW
Gabriel A Jamie
'Mimicry' is used in the evolutionary and ecological literature to describe diverse phenomena. Many are textbook examples of natural selection's power to produce stunning adaptations. However, there remains a lack of clarity over how mimetic resemblances are conceptually related to each other. The result is that categories denoting the traditional subdivisions of mimicry are applied inconsistently across studies, hindering attempts at conceptual unification. This review critically examines the logic by which mimicry can be conceptually organized and analysed...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196093/a-massive-experiment-on-choice-blindness-in-political-decisions-confidence-confabulation-and-unconscious-detection-of-self-deception
#6
Andrés Rieznik, Lorena Moscovich, Alan Frieiro, Julieta Figini, Rodrigo Catalano, Juan Manuel Garrido, Facundo Álvarez Heduan, Mariano Sigman, Pablo A Gonzalez
We implemented a Choice Blindness Paradigm containing political statements in Argentina to reveal the existence of categorical ranges of introspective reports, identified by confidence and agreement levels, separating easy from very hard to manipulate decisions. CBP was implemented in both live and web-based forms. Importantly, and contrary to what was observed in Sweden, we did not observe changes in voting intentions. Also, confidence levels in the manipulated replies where significantly lower than in non-manipulated cases even in undetected manipulations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191813/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-mimicking-wilms-tumor-at-presentation
#7
Amitabh Singh, Anirban Mandal, Vijay Guru, Rachna Seth
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the commonest malignancy of childhood, is known to manifest with a myriad of atypical presentations. Nephromegaly is a rare presentation of childhood ALL with hepatic mass being even rarer. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 3 year-old child with unilateral renal mass and hepatic mass lesion with normal blood counts, initially suspected to have metastatic Wilms tumor based on clinical, radiological and WT1 positivity on immunocytochemistry of renal mass...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190790/knowing-one-s-death-philosophical-considerations
#8
Siby K George
Coming to know and accept one's impending death allows terminally ill persons to face their mortality without deception. While life as such is a constant race towards death, terminal illness brings one's own death closer to experience. Being in the face of death in this manner can be transformed into an ontologically rewarding experience. Research on medical practices of truth telling in cases of terminal illness tends to show that there is healthy acceptance of impending death in western contexts, whereas in other contexts patients are more likely to do well when poor prognosis is concealed from them...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187760/case-report-subacute-tetraplegia-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#9
Daniel Zeller, Anke Heidemeier, Götz Ulrich Grigoleit, Wolfgang Müllges
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning in Neurology is based on general associations which help to deduce the site of the lesion. However, even "golden principles" may occasionally be deceptive. Here, we describe the case of subacute flaccid tetraparesis due to motor cortical lesions. To our knowledge, this is the first report to include an impressive illustration of nearly symmetric motor cortical involvement of encephalitis on brain MRI. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51 year old immunocompromized man developed a high-grade pure motor flaccid tetraparesis over few days...
February 10, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184316/perceptual-distortions-and-deceptions-what-computers-can-teach-us
#10
Matthew M Nour, Joseph M Nour
The nature of perception has fascinated philosophers for centuries, and has more recently been the focus of research in psychology and neuroscience. Many psychiatric disorders are characterised by perceptual abnormalities, ranging from sensory distortions to illusions and hallucinations. The distinction between normal and abnormal perception is, however, hard to articulate. In this article we argue that the distinction between normal perception and abnormal perception is best seen as a quantitative one, resting on the degree to which the observer's prior expectations influence perceptual inference...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182460/lying-takes-time-a-meta-analysis-on-reaction-time-measures-of-deception
#11
Kristina Suchotzki, Bruno Verschuere, Bram Van Bockstaele, Gershon Ben-Shakhar, Geert Crombez
Lie detection techniques are frequently used, but most of them have been criticized for the lack of empirical support for their predictive validity and presumed underlying mechanisms. This situation has led to increased efforts to unravel the cognitive mechanisms underlying deception and to develop a comprehensive theory of deception. A cognitive approach to deception has reinvigorated interest in reaction time (RT) measures to differentiate lies from truths and to investigate whether lying is more cognitively demanding than truth telling...
February 9, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179888/commentary-improvements-in-cycling-time-trial-performance-are-not-sustained-following-the-acute-provision-of-challenging-and-deceptive-feedback
#12
COMMENT
Ren-Jay Shei, Emily M Adamic, John S Raglin, Kevin G Thompson, Timothy D Mickleborough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174546/once-an-impression-manager-always-an-impression-manager-antecedents-of-honest-and-deceptive-impression-management-use-and-variability-across-multiple-job-interviews
#13
Nicolas Roulin, Joshua S Bourdage
Research has examined the antecedents of applicants' use of impression management (IM) tactics in employment interviews. All existing empirical studies have measured IM in one particular interview. Yet, applicants generally interview multiple times for different positions, and thus have multiple opportunities to engage in IM, before they can secure a job. Similarly, recent theoretical advances in personnel selection and IM research have suggested that applicant behaviors should be considered as dynamic and adaptive in nature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174540/the-influence-of-mid-event-deception-on-psychophysiological-status-and-pacing-can-persist-across-consecutive-disciplines-and-enhance-self-paced-multi-modal-endurance-performance
#14
Daniel Taylor, Mark F Smith
Purpose: To examine the effects of deceptively aggressive bike pacing on performance, pacing, and associated physiological and perceptual responses during simulated sprint-distance triathlon. Methods: Ten non-elite, competitive male triathletes completed three simulated sprint-distance triathlons (0.75 km swim, 500 kJ bike, 5 km run), the first of which established personal best "baseline" performance (BL). During the remaining two trials athletes maintained a cycling power output 5% greater than BL, before completing the run as quickly as possible...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165152/memory-errors-in-alibi-generation-how-an-alibi-can-turn-against-us
#15
William E Crozier, Deryn Strange, Elizabeth F Loftus
Alibis play a critical role in the criminal justice system. Yet research on the process of alibi generation and evaluation is still nascent. Indeed, similar to other widely investigated psychological phenomena in the legal system - such as false confessions, historical claims of abuse, and eyewitness memory - the basic assumptions underlying alibi generation and evaluation require closer empirical scrutiny. To date, the majority of alibi research investigates the social psychological aspects of the process...
February 6, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151827/ethics-of-research-for-patients-in-pain
#16
David B Waisel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes advances in rising and continuing ethical issues in research in patients in pain. Although some of the issues focus directly on pain research, such as research in neonatal pain management, others focus on widespread ethical issues that are relevant to pain research, such as scientific misconduct, deception, placebo use and genomics. RECENT FINDINGS: Scientific misconduct is more widespread than realized and requires greater awareness of the markers of misconduct like irreproducibility...
February 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148217/gilbert-rahm-and-the-status-of-mesotardigrada-rahm-1937
#17
Gary T Grothman, Carl Johansson, Glen Chilton, Hiroshi Kagoshima, Megumu Tsujimoto, Atsushi C Suzuki
The tardigrade class Mesotardigrada was erected on the basis of the description of Thermozodium esakii by Gilbert Rahm in 1937. In some characteristics, T. esakii is intermediate between members of the classes Eutardigrada and Heterotardigrada. The class Mesotardigrada is known only from Rahm's published drawings of T. esakii; no voucher specimens are known, and subsequent attempts to collect it at the locus typicus have been unsuccessful. Among the possible explanations for this situation are that Rahm may have collected specimens of a more typical tardigrade, but misinterpreted what he saw...
February 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141838/when-it-pays-to-cheat-examining-how-generalized-food-deception-increases-male-and-female-fitness-in-a-terrestrial-orchid
#18
Ryan P Walsh, Helen J Michaels
BACKGROUND: Experimental manipulations of floral nectar in food deceptive species can reveal insights into the evolutionary consequences of the deceptive strategy. When coupled to pollen tracking, the effects of the deceptive pollination syndrome on both male and female reproductive success may be quantified. Attraction of pollinators in deceit-pollinated species often relies on producing a conspicuous floral display which may increase visibility to pollinators, but in-turn may increase within plant selfing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130745/sex-attracts-neural-correlates-of-sexual-preference-under-cognitive-demand
#19
Kirsten Jordan, Katrin Wieser, Isabel Methfessel, Peter Fromberger, Peter Dechent, Jürgen L Müller
Neurofunctional correlates of sexual arousal are of interest in basic research as well as in clinical science. In forensic psychiatry, it is important to use designs which are potentially robust against susceptibility to manipulation or deception. We tested a new design to measure neurofunctional correlates of sexual preference. Twenty-two healthy heterosexual men had to solve a mental rotation task while sexually preferred or non-preferred distractors were presented simultaneously. With this challenging active task, subjects' possibility to manipulate their response to the sexual stimuli should be lower than in easier tasks and in passive designs...
January 27, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127785/p300-amplitude-at-pz-and-n200-n300-latency-at-f3-differ-between-participants-simulating-suspect-versus-witness-roles-in-a-mock-crime
#20
J Peter Rosenfeld, Ilayda Ozsan, Anne C Ward
Based on the autonomic nervous system (ANS) study by klein Selle, Verschuere, Kindt, Meijer, & Ben Shakhar (2016), 15 participants pretended to perform a crime shown on a video, which 16 other participants pretended to witness. Both groups then experienced a P300-based Concealed Information Test (CIT) protocol called the complex trial protocol. Both groups showed CIT effects, with a larger probe than irrelevant P300s at Pz. However, this effect was significantly larger in the suspect group. In contrast, only the suspect group showed delayed N200/N300 responses at F3-putative inhibitory signs...
January 27, 2017: Psychophysiology
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