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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736256/25-year-old-female-with-a-deceptive-pancreas-cyst-all-is-not-as-it-appears
#1
Alexander Larson, Ferga Gleeson, Elizabeth Rajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728912/electric-stimulation-of-the-right-temporo-parietal-junction-induces-a-task-specific-effect-in-deceptive-behaviors
#2
Yasuki Noguchi, Rei Oizumi
How the brain generates a lie is an important and unsolved issue in neuroscience. Previous studies indicated that mentalizing, the ability to understand and manipulate the mental states of others, plays a critical role in successful deception. Accordingly, recent neuroimaging studies reported deception-related activity in the right temporo-parietal junction (rTPJ), a brain region closely related to the mentalizing ability. Detailed functions of rTPJ in deception, however, remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated a causal relationship between rTPJ and deception using transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS)...
July 17, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727794/lie-construction-affects-information-storage-under-high-memory-load-condition
#3
Yuqiu Liu, Chunjie Wang, Haibo Jiang, Hongjian He, Feiyan Chen
Previous studies indicate that lying consumes cognitive resources, especially working memory (WM) resources. Considering the dual functions that WM might play in lying: holding the truth-related information and turning the truth into lies, the present study examined the relationship between the information storage and processing in the lie construction. To achieve that goal, a deception task based on the old/new recognition paradigm was designed, which could manipulate two levels of WM load (low-load task using 4 items and high-load task using 6 items) during the deception process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718513/the-fine-needle-aspiration-of-translocation-sarcomas
#4
C J VandenBussche, C L Adams, O G McDonald, S A Whitworth, S Z Ali
INTRODUCTION: Soft tissue sarcomas comprise a heterogeneous group of clinically aggressive cancers that are often hard to classify on limited cytological samples. "Translocation sarcomas" (TS) are a diverse subset of such cancers, different from pleomorphic sarcomas, and characterised by unique single chromosomal translocations in each sarcoma subtype. Interestingly, despite their high-grade biological behaviour, TS have deceptively monotonous and bland cytomorphology, therefore creating diagnostic issues on limited samples...
July 17, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714217/evolutionary-relationships-among-pollinators-and-repeated-pollinator-sharing-in-sexually-deceptive-orchids
#5
R D Phillips, G R Brown, K W Dixon, C Hayes, C C Linde, R Peakall
The mechanism of pollinator attraction is predicted to strongly influence both plant diversification and the extent of pollinator sharing between species. Sexually deceptive orchids rely on mimicry of species-specific sex pheromones to attract their insect pollinators. Given that sex pheromones tend to be conserved among related species, we predicted that in sexually deceptive orchids, (i) pollinator sharing is rare, (ii) closely related orchids use closely related pollinators and (iii) there is strong bias in the wasp lineages exploited by orchids...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714186/the-pinocchio-effect-and-the-cold-stress-test-lies-and-thermography
#6
A Moliné, G Gálvez-García, J Fernández-Gómez, J De la Fuente, O Iborra, F Tornay, J L Mata Martín, M Puertollano, E Gómez Milán
We applied the use of thermography to cognitive neuropsychology, particularly as an objective marker of subjective experiences, in the context of lying. We conducted three experiments: (a) An important lie was invented by the participants in 3 min, and it was recounted by phone to a significant person while they were recorded by the thermographic camera, obtaining a face and hands map of the lie. (b) A similar methodology was carried out, but adding the Cold Stress Test (CST) of the dominant hand during the phone call, obtaining a second physiologic marker (the percentage of thermal recovery) to detect the lie...
July 17, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708766/is-the-rationale-more-important-than-deception-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-openlabel-placebo-analgesia
#7
Cosima Locher, Antje Frey Nascimento, Irving Kirsch, Joe Kossowsky, Andrea Meyer, Jens Gaab
Research on open-label placebos questions whether deception is a necessary characteristic of placebo effects. Yet, comparisons between open-label and deceptive placebos are lacking. We therefore assessed effects of open-label and deceptive placebos in comparison to no treatment with a standardized experimental heat pain paradigm in a RCT in healthy participants. Participants (N = 160) were randomly assigned to no treatment (NT), open-label placebo without rationale (OPR-), open-label placebo with rationale (OPR+) and deceptive placebo (DP)...
July 12, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703156/the-deceptive-complexity-of-caries
#8
(no author information available yet)
Exploring the potential value of using data on dental extractions under general anaesthesia (DGA) to monitor the impact of dental decay in childrenSocioeconomic inequality in the provision of specific preventive dental interventions among children in the UK: Children's Dental Health Survey 2003.
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696772/enhanced-detection-of-feigned-cognitive-impairment-using-per-item-response-time-measurements-in-the-word-memory-test
#9
T Lupu, T Elbaum, M Wagner, Y Braw
Response time (RT) is a less obvious outcome measure than conventional accuracy measures used in performance validity tests (PVTs). It is also under less conscious control and is affected by cognitive processes associated with deception. Studies that assessed the utility of RT for the detection of feigned cognitive impairment are however numbered. Moreover, RT variability was not assessed in a clinically used PVT. In the current study, we assessed the utility of RT measures for the detection of feigned cognitive impairment in the Word Memory Test (WMT)...
July 11, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694719/ethical-issues-in-publishing-in-predatory-journals
#10
REVIEW
Lorraine E Ferris, Margaret A Winker
Predatory journals, or journals that charge an article processing charge (APC) to authors, yet do not have the hallmarks of legitimate scholarly journals such as peer review and editing, Editorial Boards, editorial offices, and other editorial standards, pose a number of new ethical issues in journal publishing. This paper discusses ethical issues around predatory journals and publishing in them. These issues include misrepresentation; lack of editorial and publishing standards and practices; academic deception; research and funding wasted; lack of archived content; and undermining confidence in research literature...
June 15, 2017: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694678/placebo-disclosure-does-not-result-in-negative-changes-in-mood-or-attitudes-towards-health-care-or-the-provider
#11
Joel E Bialosky, Michael E Robinson
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to (1) determine whether disclosure of having received a placebo treatment following participation in a randomized manual therapy trial resulted in changes in negative mood or attitudes towards health care and the provider and (2) examine the association between changes in mood or attitude and changes in clinical outcomes over the two-week study period. Methods: Participants with low back pain (N = 110) were randomly assigned to receive a spinal manipulative therapy (SMT), a standard placebo SMT in which participants were aware of a chance of receiving a placebo, an enhanced placebo SMT in which participants were instructed 'the manual therapy technique you will receive has been shown to significantly reduce low back pain in some people,' or no treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694247/a-case-of-unprovoked-precarious-patent-foramen-ovale-protuberance
#12
H Z R McConkey, M Ghosh-Dastidar, S R Redwood, V Bapat
This is a case of a precarious thrombotic mass straddling a patent foramen ovale which had already embolised to the pulmonary circulation. The diagnosis was initially deceptive and management challenging.
July 10, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689491/deceptive-nasal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#13
Jagdeep S Thakur, Aditi Mahajan, Manika Saluja, Narinder K Mohindroo
Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is rare and it easily masquerades as chronic rhinosinusitis. It has a very poor prognosis and hence early diagnosis, although difficult, is necessary for better outcome. We present a case of a 30-year-old man who presented with nasal obstruction, facial oedema and crusts. High-resolution computed tomography found soft tissue in all sinuses and the nasal cavity. Endoscopic biopsy revealed necrotic and inflammatory tissue with fungi on culture. A diagnosis of fungal rhinosinusitis was made but the patient did not respond to antifungal drugs...
July 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686989/mixed-amphetamine-salts-expectancies-among-college-students-is-stimulant-induced-cognitive-enhancement-a-placebo-effect
#14
Karen L Cropsey, Samantha Schiavon, Peter S Hendricks, Morgan Froelich, Iga Lentowicz, Rachel Fargason
INTRODUCTION: Non-medical use of prescription stimulants for cognitive enhancement in college students is increasing, despite evidence showing little benefit in non-clinical populations. The balanced placebo design (BPD) was used to independently evaluate the pharmacologic versus expectancy effects of mixed amphetamine salts on cognitive performance among a non-clinical sample of college-aged students. METHOD: Participants were screened and excluded for ADHD and other psychopathologies...
June 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685854/digest-shifting-biomes-insight-into-patterns-of-plant-radiation-and-dispersal
#15
Chloe M Nash
What determines a taxon's range? This is a deceptively simple question. It represents the intersection of ecology and evolution, requiring an understanding of the fundamental relationship between biotic and abiotic factors that can both constrain and drive assemblage structure and rates of lineage diversification. Modern methods have enabled robust analyses of this complex relationship through the integrated use of phylogenomics, community ecology, functional morphology, and biogeography. This article is protected by copyright...
July 7, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675888/relationship-between-lower-tendency-to-deceive-in-aging-and-inhibitory-compromise
#16
Mohamad El Haj, Pascal Antoine
BACKGROUND: Deception can be associated with a heterogeneous network of concepts such as exaggeration, misleading, white lies, and faking. This paper assesses the tendency to deceive in aging. OBJECTIVE: Our main aim was to assess whether older adults would demonstrate a low tendency to deceive. METHODS: A total of 42 older adults (mean age 67.64 years, SD 7.87) and 45 younger adults (mean age 21.71 years, SD 2.66) were administered a deception scale including items such as "I sometimes tell lies if I have to" or "I never take things that don't belong to me...
July 5, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675437/the-moderating-role-of-socially-desirable-responding-in-implicit-explicit-attitudes-toward-asylum-seekers
#17
Joel R Anderson
Implicit and explicit attitudes correlate under certain conditions and researchers are interested in the moderating factors of this relationship. This paper explored the role of socially desirable responding in this relationship by testing the hypothesis that impression management (IM; i.e., deliberate response modification) and self-deceptive enhancement (SDE; i.e., positive self-bias) play moderating roles in the relationship of implicit-explicit attitudes toward asylum seekers in Australia. Seventy-four students responded to a battery of measures and the results revealed that IM (but not SDE) moderated this relationship to the extent that higher IM scores weakened the correspondence between implicit and explicit attitude scores...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666674/blastomycotic-osteomyelitis-an-unusual-cause-of-hand-swelling
#18
Samik Banerjee, Timothy P Dooley, Shelley Gilroy, James R Parkinson
Isolated blastomycosis hand infections are extremely rare, and are often clinically unsuspected, leading to delays in clinical diagnosis. Conclusive diagnosis often necessitates fungal cultures and histopathological demonstration of budding yeasts in tissues. In this report, we describe the rare occurrence of isolated blastomycotic hand infection, without any other organ involvement, in a 42-year-old male patient. Analyzing tissue specimens with frozen section has been shown in the past to demonstrate granulomatous inflammation and yeast forms of the organism; however, as demonstrated in this patient, the presence of pseudoepitheliomatous cells may deceptively appear as malignant, causing substantial concern and anxiety...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663784/the-internet-trade-of-counterfeit-spirits-in-russia-an-emerging-problem-undermining-alcohol-public-health-and-youth-protection-policies
#19
Maria Neufeld, Dirk W Lachenmeier, Stephan G Walch, Jürgen Rehm
Counterfeit alcohol belongs to the category of unrecorded alcohol not reflected in official statistics. The internet trade of alcoholic beverages has been prohibited by the Russian Federation since 2007, but various sellers still offer counterfeit spirits (i.e., forged brand spirits) over the internet to Russian consumers, mostly in a non-deceptive fashion at prices up to 15 times lower than in regular sale. The public health issues arising from this unregulated trade include potential harm to underage drinkers, hazards due to toxic ingredients such as methanol, but most importantly alcohol harms due to potentially increased drinking volumes due to low prices and high availability on the internet...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661249/regulating-information-or-allowing-deception-pharmaceutical-sales-visits-in-canada-france-and-the-united-states
#20
Roojin Habibi, Line Guénette, Joel Lexchin, Ellen Reynolds, Mary Wiktorowicz, Barbara Mintzes
Diverse legal and regulatory measures are used internationally to control the information provided during pharmaceutical sales visits. Little is known about the comparative effectiveness of these measures however. We analyzed the perceptions of regulators, pharmaceutical industry officials, health professionals, and consumer respondents concerning these approaches in Canada, France, and the United States using an empirical realist interests-based approach. Interviews focused on the aims and effectiveness of regulation, barriers and enablers to regulation and suggestions for improvement...
December 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
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