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Deception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319585/increased-fatigue-response-to-augmented-deceptive-feedback-during-cycling-time-trial
#1
Guillaume P Ducrocq, Thomas J Hureau, Olivier Meste, Grégory M Blain
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of different magnitudes of deception on performance and exercise-induced fatigue during cycling time-trial. METHODS: Following three familiarization visits, three females and eight males performed three 5 km cycling time-trials while following a simulated dynamic avatar reproducing either 100% (5K100%), 102% (5K102%) or 105% (5K105%) of the subject's previous fastest trial. Quadriceps muscle activation was quantified with surface electromyography...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319578/podoplanin-and-sox2-expression-in-cin-3-like-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-cervix
#2
Colin J R Stewart, Maxine L Crook
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the uterine cervix occasionally demonstrates a deceptive growth pattern that mimics endocervical crypt involvement by cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, grade 3 (CIN 3). Such CIN 3-like SCCs may be misinterpreted as noninvasive or minimally invasive leading to delays in diagnosis. Little is known of the factors that influence the growth patterns of cervical SCC but we suggested recently that CIN 3-like tumors might demonstrate "collective cellular invasion," which is characterized by a retained epithelial phenotype...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301969/the-internet-s-effect-on-personality-traits-an-important-casualty-of-the-internet-addiction-paradigm
#3
Elias Aboujaoude
Background and aims The "Internet addiction" paradigm has been criticized for several shortcomings, including inattention to specific online behaviors, not distinguishing the Internet from other media, insufficient focus on comorbidities, and definitions that do not take into account the constant access now possible. The paradigm's biggest casualty, however, may be that it has diverted attention away from subtle personality changes that seem to occur online, including in users who cannot be considered "addicted" under any definition...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299794/prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-social-psychological-adjustment-problems-in-early-childhood
#4
Kimberly E Kamper-DeMarco, Jamie M Ostrov
The present short-term longitudinal study examined prospective associations between two forms of peer victimization (i.e., physical, relational) and both externalizing and internalizing problems in early childhood. The study assessed 97 children (42 girls; M age = 45.22 months, SD = 6.99) over the course of one school year with assessments occurring at the end of each semester (approximately 6 months apart). Multiple methods were used to collect data over the course of one school year to test theoretically driven hypotheses...
March 15, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294400/chronic-amastigote-negative-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-clinical-histopathologic-and-molecular-study-of-27-cases-with-emphasis-on-atypical-and-pseudolymphomatous-presentations
#5
Carlo Tomasini, Laura Moneghini, Maria Barbui Anna
BACKGROUND: Chronic amastigote-negative cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a diagnostic challenge, as the parasite load may be low, or absent in biopsy tissue sections. METHODS: A series of consecutive biopsy specimens, taken from 130 patients with a diagnosis of granulomatous dermatitis of unknown etiology, were reviewed. PCR was carried out for Leishmania-specific DNA. RESULTS: A total of 27/130 samples were positive for Leishmania-specific DNA...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292283/carnitine-related-hypoglycemia-caused-by-3%C3%A2-days-of-pivalate-antibiotic-therapy-in-a-patient-with-severe-muscular-dystrophy-a-case-report
#6
Masanori Ito, Mitsumasa Fukuda, Yuka Suzuki, Hiroyuki Wakamoto, Eiichi Ishii
BACKGROUND: Long-term treatment with antibiotics containing pivalic acid may decrease serum carnitine concentration and can sometimes be associated with severe hypoglycemia and encephalopathy in infants. Little has been reported, however, on severe hypocarnitinemia induced by acute administration in older children. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a 6-year-old Japanese girl with Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy who lost consciousness after 3 days of treatment with an antibiotic containing pivalic acid (cefditoren pivoxil)...
March 14, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290127/jumping-the-gun-faster-response-latencies-to-deceptive-questions-in-a-realistic-scenario
#7
Tessa Mapala, Lara Warmelink, Sally A Linkenauger
Most theories of lie detection assume that lying increases cognitive load, resulting in longer response latencies during questioning. However, the studies supporting this theory are typically laboratory-based, in settings with no specific validity in security contexts. Consequently, using virtual reality (VR), we investigated how response latencies were influenced in an ecologically valid environment of interest to security professionals. In a highly realistic airport security terminal presented in VR, a security officer asked participants yes/no questions about their belongings...
March 13, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286410/how-private-is-private-information-the-ability-to-spot-deception-in-an-economic-game
#8
Michèle Belot, Jeroen van de Ven
We provide experimental evidence on the ability to detect deceit in a buyer-seller game with asymmetric information. Sellers have private information about the value of a good and sometimes have incentives to mislead buyers. We examine if buyers can spot deception in face-to-face encounters. We vary whether buyers can interrogate the seller and the contextual richness. The buyers' prediction accuracy is above chance, and is substantial for confident buyers. There is no evidence that the option to interrogate is important and only weak support that contextual richness matters...
2017: Exp Econ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278174/exploring-the-performance-reserve-effect-of-different-magnitudes-of-power-output-deception-on-4-000-m-cycling-time-trial-performance
#9
Mark R Stone, Kevin Thomas, Michael Wilkinson, Emma Stevenson, Alan St Clair Gibson, Andrew M Jones, Kevin G Thompson
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a magnitude of deception of 5% in power output would lead to a greater reduction in the amount of time taken for participants to complete a 4000 m cycling TT than a magnitude of deception of 2% in power output, which we have previously shown can lead to a small change in 4000 m cycling TT performance. METHODS: Ten trained male cyclists completed four, 4000 m cycling TTs. The first served as a habituation and the second as a baseline for future trials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276063/perceived-warmth-and-competence-of-others-shape-voluntary-deceptive-behaviour-in-a-morally-relevant-setting
#10
Ruben T Azevedo, Maria Serena Panasiti, Rosita Maglio, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
The temptation to deceive others compares to a moral dilemma: it involves a conflict between the temptation to obtain some benefit and the desire to conform to personal and social moral norms or avoid aversive social consequences. Thus, people might feel different levels of emotional and moral conflict depending on the target of the deception. Here we explored, in a morally relevant setting, how social judgements based on two fundamental dimensions of human social cognition - 'warmth' and 'competence' - impact on the decision to deceive others...
March 9, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255490/plasmacytoid-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-metastatic-to-the-duodenum-a-case-report-diagnostic-relevance-of-gata3-immunohistochemistry
#11
Hermann Brustmann
Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC) of the urinary bladder is a rare and aggressive subtype of urothelial carcinoma. Its deceptive morphology is characterized by a discohesive growth of cells with plasmacytoid morphology. Since this tumor might be confused with plasmacytoma, lymphoma, or carcinoma variants, appropriate diagnosis in small biopsy samples could be challenging. This study reports the case of a 53-year-old man who presented with frequent nocturnal urgency, without hematuria. A transurethral bladder and a prostate resection specimen displayed infiltration of neoplastic cells in a spray-like discohesive pattern with occasional formation of small irregular nests and cord-like arrangements...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253006/duplicity-among-the-dark-triad-three-faces-of-deceit
#12
Daniel N Jones, Delroy L Paulhus
Although all 3 of the Dark Triad members are predisposed to engage in exploitative interpersonal behavior, their motivations and tactics vary. Here we explore their distinctive dynamics with 5 behavioral studies of dishonesty (total N = 1,750). All 3 traits predicted cheating on a coin-flipping task when there was little risk of being caught (Study 1). Only psychopathy predicted cheating when punishment was a serious risk (Study 2). Machiavellian individuals also cheated under high risk-but only if they were ego-depleted (Study 3)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251387/deceptive-like-behaviour-in-dogs-canis-familiaris
#13
Marianne T E Heberlein, Marta B Manser, Dennis C Turner
Deception, the use of false signals to modify the behaviour of the receiver, occurs in low frequencies even in stable signalling systems. For example, it can be advantageous for subordinate individuals to deceive in competitive situations. We investigated in a three-way choice task whether dogs are able to mislead a human competitor, i.e. if they are capable of tactical deception. During training, dogs experienced the role of their owner, as always being cooperative, and two unfamiliar humans, one acting 'cooperatively' by giving food and the other being 'competitive' and keeping the food for themselves...
March 1, 2017: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247431/partners-under-pressure-examining-the-consistency-of-true-and-false-alibi-statements
#14
Marthe Lefsaker Sakrisvold, Pär Anders Granhag, Erik Mac Giolla
How to discriminate between honest and deceptive alibi statements holds great legal importance. We examined this issue from the perspective of group deception. Our goals were to (a) compare the consistency between the statements of guilty and innocent suspects and those of their respective alibi witnesses, and (b) to examine the moderating role of object-salience on the level of consistency between their statements. Pairs of truth-tellers provided honest testimonies. Pairs of liars were divided into perpetrators and alibi witnesses...
March 1, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242468/habituation-of-the-cold-shock-response-is-inhibited-by-repeated-anxiety-implications-for-safety-behaviour-on-accidental-cold-water-immersions
#15
Martin J Barwood, Jo Corbett, Mike Tipton, Christopher Wagstaff, Heather Massey
INTRODUCTION: Accidental cold-water immersion (CWI) triggers the life-threatening cold shock response (CSR) which is a precursor to sudden death on immersion. One practical means of reducing the CSR is to induce an habituation by undergoing repeated short CWIs. Habituation of the CSR is known to be partially reversed by the concomitant experience of acute anxiety, raising the possibility that repeated anxiety could prevent CSR habituation; we tested this hypothesis. METHOD: Sixteen participants (12 male, 4 female) completed seven, seven-minute immersions in to cold water (15°C)...
February 24, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223960/deception-detection-in-action-embodied-simulation-in-antisocial-human-interactions
#16
Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222488/explaining-counterfeit-alcohol-purchases-in-russia
#17
Zoya Kotelnikova
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a common target of counterfeiting in Russia. Counterfeit alcohol is defined here as the manufacture, distribution, unauthorized placement (forgery) of protected commodity trademarks, and infringement of the exclusive rights of the registered trademark holders of alcoholic beverages. It is often argued that the expansion of the counterfeit product market is due to the steady demand of economically disadvantaged people for low-priced goods. The situation becomes more complicated once deceptive and nondeceptive forms of counterfeiting are taken into account...
February 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216865/behaviors-are-deceptive-in-pain-estimation-a-comparison-between-nurses-and-psychiatrists
#18
Suresh Yadav, Geetha Desai, Santosh K Chaturvedi
AIM: This study assessed the influence of pain behaviors on pain estimation by nurses and psychiatrists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pain ratings performed by nurses and psychiatrists who observed the case scenarios using role plays were assessed. The data were computed and frequencies were derived. t-test was used to compare the ratings between the groups. RESULTS: There was significant difference in the ratings of the pain severity by nurses and psychiatrists...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214131/social-decision-making-and-the-brain-a-comparative-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Sébastien Tremblay, K M Sharika, Michael L Platt
The capacity and motivation to be social is a key component of the human adaptive behavioral repertoire. Recent research has identified social behaviors remarkably similar to our own in other animals, including empathy, consolation, cooperation, and strategic deception. Moreover, neurobiological studies in humans, nonhuman primates, and rodents have identified shared brain structures (the so-called 'social brain') apparently specialized to mediate such functions. Neuromodulators may regulate social interactions by 'tuning' the social brain, with important implications for treating social impairments...
February 14, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202806/signals-cues-and-the-nature-of-mimicry
#20
REVIEW
Gabriel A Jamie
'Mimicry' is used in the evolutionary and ecological literature to describe diverse phenomena. Many are textbook examples of natural selection's power to produce stunning adaptations. However, there remains a lack of clarity over how mimetic resemblances are conceptually related to each other. The result is that categories denoting the traditional subdivisions of mimicry are applied inconsistently across studies, hindering attempts at conceptual unification. This review critically examines the logic by which mimicry can be conceptually organized and analysed...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
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