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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656508/the-3-rd-world-conference-on-kisspeptin-kisspeptin-2017-brain-and-beyond-unresolved-questions-challenges-and-future-directions-for-the-field
#1
REVIEW
Michael N Lehman, Lique M Coolen, Robert A Steiner, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Luhong Wang, Suzanne M Moenter, Aleisha M Moore, Robert L Goodman, Shel Hwa-Yeo, Stephanie L Padilla, Alexander S Kauffman, James Garcia, Martin J Kelly, Jenny Clarkson, Sally Radovick, Andy V Babwah, Silvia Leon, Manuel Tena-Sempere, Alex Comninos, Stephanie Seminara, Waljit S Dhillo, Jon Levine, Ei Terasawa, Ariel Negron, Allan E Herbison
The 3rd World Conference on Kisspeptin, "Kisspeptin 2017: Brain and Beyond" was held March 30-31 at the Rosen Centre Hotel in Orlando, Florida, providing an international forum for multidisciplinary scientists to meet and share cutting-edge research on kisspeptin biology and its relevance to human health and disease. The meeting built upon previous world conferences focused on the role of kisspeptin and associated peptides in the control of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion and reproduction...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656463/rural-health-networks-how-network-analysis-can-inform-patient-care-and-organizational-collaboration-in-a-rural-breast-cancer-screening-network
#2
Beth Prusaczyk, Julia Maki, Douglas A Luke, Rebecca Lobb
PURPOSE: Rural health networks have the potential to improve health care quality and access. Despite this, the use of network analysis to study rural health networks is limited. The purpose of this study was to use network analysis to understand how a network of rural breast cancer care providers deliver services and to demonstrate the value of this methodology in this research area. METHODS: Leaders at 47 Federally Qualified Health Centers and Rural Health Clinics across 10 adjacent rural counties were asked where they refer patients for mammograms or breast biopsies...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656278/anxiety-depression-and-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-starting-warfarin-cardiovascular-research-network-wave-study
#3
Christine Baumgartner, Dongjie Fan, Margaret C Fang, Daniel E Singer, Daniel M Witt, John R Schmelzer, Marc S Williams, Jerry H Gurwitz, Sue Hee Sung, Alan S Go
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are associated with worse outcomes in several cardiovascular conditions, but it is unclear whether they affect outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF). In a large diverse population of adults with AF, we evaluated the association of diagnosed anxiety and/or depression with stroke and bleeding outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Cardiovascular Research Network WAVE (Community-Based Control and Persistence of Warfarin Therapy and Associated Rates and Predictors of Adverse Clinical Events in Atrial Fibrillation and Venous Thromboembolism) Study included adults with AF newly starting warfarin between 2004 and 2007 within 5 health delivery systems in the United States...
April 14, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656192/in-vitro-bioanalysis-of-drinking-water-from-source-to-tap
#4
Anna Kjerstine Rosenmai, Johan Lundqvist, Théo le Godec, Åsa Ohlsson, Rikard Tröger, Björn Hellman, Agneta Oskarsson
The presence of chemical pollutants in sources of drinking water is a key environmental problem threatening public health. Efficient removal of pollutants in drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) is needed as well as methods for assessment of the total impact of all present chemicals on water quality. In the present study we have analyzed the bioactivity of water samples from source to tap, including effects of various water treatments in a DWTP, using a battery of cell-based bioassays, covering health-relevant endpoints...
April 6, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655646/5-g-wireless-telecommunications-expansion-public-health-and-environmental-implications
#5
Cindy L Russell
The popularity, widespread use and increasing dependency on wireless technologies has spawned a telecommunications industrial revolution with increasing public exposure to broader and higher frequencies of the electromagnetic spectrum to transmit data through a variety of devices and infrastructure. On the horizon, a new generation of even shorter high frequency 5G wavelengths is being proposed to power the Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT promises us convenient and easy lifestyles with a massive 5G interconnected telecommunications network, however, the expansion of broadband with shorter wavelength radiofrequency radiation highlights the concern that health and safety issues remain unknown...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652816/the-emergency-medical-system-in-greece-opening-aeolus-bag-of-winds
#6
Ourania S Kotsiou, David S Srivastava, Panagiotis Kotsios, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis
An Emergency Medical Service (EMS) system must encompass a spectrum of care, with dedicated pre-hospital and in-hospital medical facilities. It has to be organised in such a way as to include all necessary services—such as triage accurate initial assessment, prompt resuscitation, efficient management of emergency cases, and transport to definitive care. The global economic downturn has had a direct effect on the health sector and poses additional threats to the healthcare system. Greece is one of the hardest-hit countries...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652600/social-network-analysis-for-assessing-college-aged-adults-health-a-systematic-review
#7
Megan S Patterson, Patricia Go Odson
OBJECTIVE: Social network analysis (SNA) is a useful, emerging method for studying health. College students are especially prone to social influence when it comes to health. This review aimed to identify network variables related to college student health and determine how SNA was used in the literature. PARTICIPANTS: A systematic review of relevant literature was conducted in October 2015. METHODS: Studies employing egocentric or whole network analysis to study college student health were included...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652472/new-class-of-hybrid-materials-for-detection-capture-and-on-demand-release-of-carbon-monoxide
#8
Anaïs Pitto-Barry, Alexandru Lupan, Christopher Ellingford, Amr A A Attia, Nicolas P E Barry
Carbon monoxide (CO) is both a substance hazardous to health and a side product of a number of industrial processes, such as methanol steam reforming and large-scale oxidation reactions. The separation of CO from nitrogen (N2 ) in industrial processes is considered to be difficult because of the similarities of their electronic structures, sizes, and physicochemical properties (e.g., boiling points). Carbon monoxide is also a major poison in fuel cells because of its adsorption onto the active sites of the catalysts...
April 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651907/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-adult-still-s-disease
#9
Toshihide Mimura, Yuya Kondo, Akihide Ohta, Masahiro Iwamoto, Akiko Ota, Nami Okamoto, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Hajime Kono, Yoshinari Takasaki, Shuji Takei, Norihiro Nishimoto, Manabu Fujimoto, Yu Funakubo Asanuma, Akio Mimori, Naoko Okiyama, Shunta Kaneko, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Masahiro Yokosawa, Takayuki Sumida
OBJECTIVES: Using an expert- and data-driven methodology, we have constructed the first clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for adult Still's disease (ASD) after complete systematic review (SR) of the literature based upon the Medical Information Network Distribution Service (Minds) procedure. METHODS: The CPG committee for ASD organized by the Research Team for Autoimmune Diseases, the Research Program for Intractable Disease of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare has developed CPG for ASD 2017, according to the procedure proposed by Minds...
April 13, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651759/investigating-the-support-networks-for-mothers-of-a-high-density-public-housing-community-and-the-effects-of-housing-closures-on-these-support-systems
#10
Jennifer Smith, Soyang Kwon, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
Over the past few decades, public housing initiatives have focused on the decentralization of poverty by replacing high-density public housing (HDPH) models with lower-density, mixed-income models. This action has resulted in the displacement of families who had lived in these developments for generations. In past studies, public housing residents have been shown to have stronger social ties than those living in other types of assisted housing. Research on the dismemberment of US public housing has demonstrated a "root shock" or disruption in the support infrastructure in these resource-limited communities...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651366/height-and-weight-estimation-from-anthropometric-measurements-using-machine-learning-regressions
#11
Diego Rativa, Bruno J T Fernandes, Alexandre Roque
Height and weight are measurements explored to tracking nutritional diseases, energy expenditure, clinical conditions, drug dosages, and infusion rates. Many patients are not ambulant or may be unable to communicate, and a sequence of these factors may not allow accurate estimation or measurements; in those cases, it can be estimated approximately by anthropometric means. Different groups have proposed different linear or non-linear equations which coefficients are obtained by using single or multiple linear regressions...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651138/gene-expression-links-functional-networks-across-cortex-and-striatum
#12
Kevin M Anderson, Fenna M Krienen, Eun Young Choi, Jenna M Reinen, B T Thomas Yeo, Avram J Holmes
The human brain is comprised of a complex web of functional networks that link anatomically distinct regions. However, the biological mechanisms supporting network organization remain elusive, particularly across cortical and subcortical territories with vastly divergent cellular and molecular properties. Here, using human and primate brain transcriptional atlases, we demonstrate that spatial patterns of gene expression show strong correspondence with limbic and somato/motor cortico-striatal functional networks...
April 12, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651119/update-on-outcome-assessment-in-myositis
#13
REVIEW
Lisa G Rider, Rohit Aggarwal, Pedro M Machado, Jean-Yves Hogrel, Ann M Reed, Lisa Christopher-Stine, Nicolino Ruperto
The adult and juvenile myositis syndromes, commonly referred to collectively as idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), are systemic autoimmune diseases with the hallmarks of muscle weakness and inflammation. Validated, well-standardized measures to assess disease activity, known as core set measures, were developed by international networks of myositis researchers for use in clinical trials. Composite response criteria using weighted changes in the core set measures of disease activity were developed and validated for adult and juvenile patients with dermatomyositis and adult patients with polymyositis, with different thresholds for minimal, moderate and major improvement in adults and juveniles...
April 12, 2018: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650714/awareness-of-racial-disparities-in-kidney-transplantation-among-health-care-providers-in-dialysis-facilities
#14
Joyce J Kim, Mohua Basu, Laura Plantinga, Stephen O Pastan, Sumit Mohan, Kayla Smith, Taylor Melanson, Cam Escoffery, Rachel E Patzer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the important role that health care providers at dialysis facilities have in reducing racial disparities in access to kidney transplantation in the United States, little is known about provider awareness of these disparities. We aimed to evaluate health care providers' awareness of racial disparities in kidney transplant waitlisting and identify factors associated with awareness. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a survey of providers from low-waitlisting dialysis facilities ( n =655) across all 18 ESRD networks administered in 2016 in the United States merged with 2014 US Renal Data System and 2014 US Census data...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650502/prevalence-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-older-adults-in-florida-and-the-united-states-comparative-analysis-of-the-oneflorida-data-trust-and-national-inpatient-sample
#15
Zhe He, Jiang Bian, Henry J Carretta, Jiwon Lee, William R Hogan, Elizabeth Shenkman, Neil Charness
BACKGROUND: Older patients with multiple chronic conditions are often faced with increased health care needs and subsequent higher medical costs, posing significant financial burden to patients, their caregivers, and the health care system. The increasing adoption of electronic health record systems and the proliferation of clinical data offer new opportunities for prevalence studies and for population health assessment. The last few years have witnessed an increasing number of clinical research networks focused on building large collections of clinical data from electronic health records and claims to make it easier and less costly to conduct clinical research...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650008/the-challenge-of-maintaining-microscopist-capacity-at-basic-levels-for-malaria-elimination-in-jiangsu-province-china
#16
Guisheng Ding, Guoding Zhu, Caiqun Cao, Ping Miao, Yuanyuan Cao, Weiming Wang, Yaping Gu, Sui Xu, Shengqiang Wang, Huayun Zhou, Jun Cao
BACKGROUND: Local malaria transmission has decreased rapidly since the National Malaria Elimination Action Plan was launched in China in 2010. However, imported malaria cases from Africa and Southeast Asia still occur in China due to overseas laborers. Diagnosis by microscopy is the gold standard for malaria and is used in most hospitals in China. However, the current capacity of microscopists to manage malaria cases in hospitals and public health facilities to meet the surveillance needs to eliminate and prevent the reintroduction of malaria is unknown...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649991/interpersonal-communication-regarding-pregnancy-related-services-friends-versus-health-professionals-as-conduits-for-information
#17
Leanne Dougherty, Emily Stammer, Thomas W Valente
BACKGROUND: Social network characteristics influence a wide range of health behaviors but few studies examine the relationship between social network characteristics and pregnancy-related outcomes. METHODS: Using a baseline survey from a behavior change pilot project in the Upper West region of Ghana, we examine four outcomes: (1) early antenatal care, (2) having at least four antenatal care visits, (3) skilled birth attendance, and (4) postpartum care. We collected demographic and network data from 1606 women of reproductive age who had a child in the five years preceding the survey...
April 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649646/simultaneous-treatment-of-epilepsy-and-secondary-dystonia-after-anterior-temporal-lobectomy-and-amygdalohippocampectomy
#18
Lily Rasouli, Jonathan J Rasouli, Fedor Panov, Ji Yeoun Yoo, Patricia E McGoldrick, Saadi Ghatan
BACKGROUND: The relationship between temporal lobe epilepsy and focal limb dystonia is a well-recognized phenomenon, yet its pathogenesis and anatomical foundation are not well understood. Here, we describe two patients with refractory focal epilepsy and contralateral focal limb dystonia whose seizures and dystonic symptoms simultaneously resolved after anterior temporal lobectomy and amygdalohippocampectomy (ATLAH). CASE DESCRIPTION: We identified two patients within the Mount Sinai Health system with improvement in dystonia after medial temporal lobectomy...
April 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649602/point-of-care-and-point-of-can-leveraging-reference-laboratory-capacity-for-integrated-diagnosis-of-fever-syndromes-in-the-tropics
#19
REVIEW
Makeda Semret, Momar Ndao, Jan Jacobs, Cedric P Yansouni
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need for integrated diagnosis of febrile syndromes, able to account for multiple pathogens and inform decisions for clinical care and public health. AIMS: To reflect on the evolving roles of laboratory-based testing for non-malarial febrile illnesses (NMFI) in low-resource settings (LRS), and to consider how advances in diagnostics, in connectivity and transport, and in quality-systems implementation may substantially enhance the capacity of reference laboratories to bridge the current gap between remote passive surveillance and clinically meaningful integrated fever diagnosis...
April 9, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649187/surveillance-to-track-progress-toward-polio-eradication-worldwide-2016-2017
#20
Tracie J Gardner, Ousmane M Diop, Jaume Jorba, Smita Chavan, Jamal Ahmed, Abhijeet Anand
Global efforts to eradicate polio began in 1988, and four of the six World Health Organization (WHO) regions currently have achieved poliofree certification. Within the remaining two regions with endemic poliomyelitis (African and Eastern Mediterranean), Afghanistan, Nigeria, and Pakistan have never interrupted transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV). The primary means of detecting poliovirus transmission is surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) among children aged <15 years, combined with collection and testing of stool specimens for detection of WPV and vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs)* in WHO-accredited laboratories within the Global Polio Laboratory Network (GPLN) (1,2)...
April 13, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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