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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027759/greek-physiotherapists-perspectives-on-rehabilitation-following-total-knee-replacement-a-descriptive-survey
#1
Maria Moutzouri, Nigel Gleeson, Evdokia Billis, Elias Tsepis, John Gliatis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In Greece, as in many countries, there is a scarcity of evidence in the type of physiotherapy services offered for the rehabilitation of total knee replacement (TKR). Despite the number of TKRs annually performed in Greece (over 10,000), there are no available clinical guidelines as to the content of best physiotherapy practice. The aim of this nationwide survey undertaken by physiotherapists treating TKR patients post-operatively was to record standard practice and services available in Greece...
October 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025453/interprofessional-communication-in-organ-transplantation-in-gauteng-province-south-africa
#2
Harriet Rosanne Etheredge, Claire Penn, Jennifer Watermeyer
BACKGROUND: Communication is essential to the transplant process, but it is challenging in South Africa (SA) because of the complexity of the country and the health system, the nature of transplantation as a technical procedure with inherent psychological considerations, and the large number of professionals involved. Transplant communication has not been explored in SA, and this study was the first to use health communication methods to generate empirical evidence relating to it. OBJECTIVE: To explore communication in transplant settings in Gauteng Province, SA...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018751/knowledge-and-practices-of-teachers-associated-with-eye-health-of-primary-school-children-in-rawalpindi-pakistan
#3
Ume Habiba, Gail M Ormsby, Zahid Ahmad Butt, Tayyab Afghani, Muhammad Asif
PURPOSE: Teachers' perspectives on eye health can be limited, particularly in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess teachers' knowledge and practices associated with eye health of primary students in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of primary school teachers. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 443 participants from 34 private and 17 public schools. A self-administered questionnaire was used. RESULTS: Teachers' knowledge ranged from "high" (35...
January 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016893/efficacy-safety-and-feasibility-of-the-morphine-microdose-method-in-community-based-clinics
#4
Denise M Wilkes, Susan J Orillosa, Erik C Hustak, Courtney G Williams, Gulshan R Doulatram, Daneshvari R Solanki, Eduardo A Garcia, Li-Yen M Huang
Objectives: The goal of this study was to assess the success of the morphine microdose method in a community pain clinic setting by monitoring follow-up frequency, dose escalation, and monotherapy/polytherapy ratio. The morphine microdose method involves a pretrial reduction or elimination of systemic opioids followed by a period of abstinence. Intrathecal (IT) morphine is then started at doses of less than 0.2 mg per day. Systemic opioid abstinence is then continued after pump implant and IT morphine monotherapy...
June 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016762/diagnosis-of-tooth-ankylosis-using-panoramic-views-cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-histological-data-a-retrospective-observational-case-series-study
#5
Franziska Ducommun, Michael M Bornstein, Dieter Bosshardt, Christos Katsaros, Karl Dula
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether cone beam computed tomography is a reliable radiological method to diagnose tooth ankylosis. Materials and methods: A series of teeth clinically diagnosed as ankylosed were collected after extraction in a private practice from 2009 to 2015 and analyzed retrospectively. Inclusion criteria comprised permanent molars extracted due to failed tooth eruption in the absence of any visible mechanical obstruction, existing panoramic view (PV), and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and histological sections of sufficient quality...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994617/an-interim-examination-of-the-us-public-health-response-to-ebola
#6
Katherine Schemm Dwyer, Heather Misner, Sara Chang, Neyling Fajardo
From the summer of 2014 to the spring of 2016, the United States was involved in the Ebola response on both the national and international levels. The United States received 2 imported cases from West Africa and had 2 locally hospital-acquired cases, which spurred a massive and unprecedented public health response. As the domestic response stabilized and the epidemic in West Africa slowed, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) and the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO), through a cooperative agreement with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), led an in-progress review to assess the national public health response to Ebola...
October 10, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994474/the-wrong-side-of-history
#7
Warren Colman
Psychoanalysis (including analytical psychology), once a pioneering and forward-looking movement of the early 20(th) century has now become a conservative backward-looking 'tradition'. After considering some of the internal problems associated with this historical change such as idealization and tribalism, some ways forward are suggested - a focus on clinical excellence as practical craft, openness to the unknown and engagement with others beyond the confines of private practice.
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992922/how-can-veterinarians-be-interesting-partners-for-organic-dairy-farmers-french-farmers-point-of-views
#8
J E Duval, N Bareille, C Fourichon, A Madouasse, M Vaarst
Organic dairy farmers must live up to the organic goal of 'good health' in respect the organic principles and regulation. Veterinarians could be the organic dairy farmers' expected sparring partners in reaching this goal but have found difficulties to establish advisory relationships with them. The objectives of this study are -from organic dairy farmers' points of view- (i) to describe farmers' objectives and strategies regarding herd health, (ii) to describe private veterinarians' roles in farmers' animal health promotion strategies and (iii) to identify farmers' reasons for accepting veterinarians in an advisory role...
October 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992873/the-rapid-disaster-evaluation-system-rades-a-plan-to-improve-global-disaster-response-by-privatizing-the-assessment-component
#9
Kenneth V Iserson
BACKGROUND: Emergency medicine personnel frequently respond to major disasters. They expect to have an effective and efficient management system to elegantly allocate available resources. Despite claims to the contrary, experience demonstrates this rarely occurs. OBJECTIVES: This article describes privatizing disaster assessment using a single-purposed, accountable, and well-trained organization. The goal is to achieve elegant disaster assessment, rather than repeatedly exhorting existing groups to do it...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990292/investigating-the-impact-of-the-universal-healthcare-coverage-programme-on-community-pharmacy-practice
#10
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
The introduction of Universal Healthcare Coverage (JKN) in 2014 has changed the landscape of the Indonesian healthcare and affected the community pharmacy sector. This paper investigates perceptions of healthcare and pharmacy stakeholders about the impact of JKN on the practice of pharmacists and pharmacy in both public (Puskesmas) and private (Community or Retail pharmacy) settings. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted from February to August 2016 involving 29 participants representing key stakeholders from different provinces in Indonesia...
October 9, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989498/two-vignettes-of-adolescent-sexual-disclosure-guidance-for-hiv-clinical-practice
#11
Bronwen Lichtenstein, Cynthia Rodgers, Lauren Eb Marefka, Marla D Hinson, Dayna Cook-Heard, Stephen D Rygiel, Marsha S Sturdevant
HIV-positive adolescents are required by law to notify sexual partners, but can find it difficult to achieve this goal. This article offers practice guidance for counselling HIV-positive adolescents about sexual disclosure in clinical settings and for building confidence in managing sexual lives with HIV. We use two vignettes to illustrate key differences between perinatally and sexually infected adolescents in terms of readiness to disclose, and include a set of strategies for both groups that can be tailored to individual circumstances and contexts...
January 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989490/compliance-with-infection-control-standard-precautions-guidelines-a-survey-among-dental-healthcare-workers-in-hail-region-saudi-arabia
#12
Hassan Kasim Haridi, Abdalmohsen Saud Al-Ammar, Moazzy Ibraheim Al-Mansour
BACKGROUND: The concept of standard precautions (SP) has been a cornerstone of dental infection control (IC) practice. Full adherence with SP guidelines is still a matter of concern in many institutions. The objectives of the present study were to assess and characterise compliance with SP guidelines among dental healthcare workers (DHCWs) and to analyse factors that affect compliance. METHODS: A regional cross-sectional questionnaire survey among DHCWs in all health facilities was carried out from August to November 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Infection Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988568/does-the-accreditation-of-private-dental-practices-work-time-to-rethink-how-accreditation-can-improve-patient-safety
#13
Gillian Jean
Accreditation to demonstrate engagement with the National Safety and Quality Health Service Standards (Standards) is compulsory for most hospital and healthcare settings, but to date remains voluntary for private dental practices (PDPs). The regulatory framework governing the dental profession lacks a proactive element to drive improvements in quality and safety of care, and an accreditation scheme can strengthen existing regulation. The current model of accreditation operating in accordance with the Australian Health Service Safety and Quality Accreditation Scheme (Scheme) is based on the Standards, which were written for a hospital model of healthcare service...
October 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988543/sociodemographic-anthropometric-and-behavioural-risk-factors-for-ultra-processed-food-consumption-in-a-sample-of-2-9-year-olds-in-brazil
#14
Laís Amaral Mais, Sarah Warkentin, Juliana Bergamo Vega, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to identify food patterns among 2-9-year-olds and investigate sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural predictors of less healthy dietary patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parents of 2-9-year-olds completed an FFQ and factor analysis was applied to identify dietary patterns. Parents also completed questionnaires assessing sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural characteristics of parents and children, including parental feeding practices...
October 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988103/opioid-tapering-in-patients-with-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-a-retrospective-study
#15
Kehua Zhou, Peng Jia, Swati Bhargava, Yong Zhang, Taslima Reza, Yuan Bo Peng, Gary G Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Opioid use disorder (OUD) refers to a maladaptive pattern of opioid use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. OUD causes, and vice versa, misuses and abuse of opioid medications. Clinicians face daily challenges to treat patients with prescription opioid use disorder. An evidence-based management for people who are already addicted to opioids has been identified as the national priority in the US; however, options are limited in clinical practices...
October 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987894/students-nurses-knowledge-and-prevalence-of-needle-stick-injury-in-jordan
#16
Mohammad Suliman, Mohammad Al Qadire, Manar Alazzam, Sami Aloush, Arwa Alsaraireh, Faris A Alsaraireh
BACKGROUND: Student nurses are at high risk of blood-borne pathogens transmitted via Needle Stick Injury (NSI). Understanding various aspects of NSI is essential if they are to avoid the risks associated with it. OBJECTIVES: The study was conducted to measure student nurses' level of knowledge about NSI and to examine its prevalence and post-exposure measures in Jordan. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and descriptive design was used. SAMPLE AND SETTING: A sample of 279 student nurses studying at one private and four government universities distributed throughout Jordan...
October 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984801/assessing-cochlear-implant-outcomes-in-older-adults-using-hermes-a-national-web-based-database
#17
Stephanie Y Chen, Jedidiah J Grisel, Anne Lam, Justin S Golub
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implant (CI) outcomes research has been largely limited to retrospective or single-institution studies in the United States. The objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of using a novel, national, web-based CI database through evaluating CI outcomes in older adults. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis of a prospective, national, web-based database designed for CI outcome tracking (HERMES; HIPAA-secure, Encrypted, Research Management and Evaluation Solution)...
October 4, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983557/role-of-deficient-dna-mismatch-repair-status-in-patients-with-stage-iii-colon-cancer-treated-with-folfox-adjuvant-chemotherapy-a-pooled-analysis-from-2-randomized-clinical-trials
#18
Aziz Zaanan, Qian Shi, Julien Taieb, Steven R Alberts, Jeffrey P Meyers, Thomas C Smyrk, Catherine Julie, Ayman Zawadi, Josep Tabernero, Enrico Mini, Richard M Goldberg, Gunnar Folprecht, Jean Luc Van Laethem, Karine Le Malicot, Daniel J Sargent, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Frank A Sinicrope
Importance: The prognostic impact of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) status in stage III colon cancer patients receiving FOLFOX (folinic acid, fluorouracil, and oxaliplatin) adjuvant chemotherapy remains controversial. Objective: To determine the association of MMR status with disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with stage III colon cancer treated with FOLFOX. Design, Setting, and Participants: The evaluated biomarkers for MMR status were determined from prospectively collected tumor blocks from patients treated with FOLFOX in 2 open-label, phase 3 randomized clinical trials: NCCTG N0147 and PETACC8...
October 5, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982301/low-malignancy-rates-in-fine-needle-aspiration-cytologies-in-a-primary-care-setting-in-germany
#19
Markus Eszlinger, Maha Ullmann, Ilka Ruschenburg, Katharina Böhme, Fabian Görke, Christiane Franzius, Sabine Adam, Thomas Molwitz, Christian Landvogt, Bassam Amro, Anja Hach, Berit Feldmann, Dieter Graf, Antje E Wefer, Rainer Niemann, Catharina Bullmann, Günther Klaushenke, Reinhard Santen, Gregor Tönshoff, Velimir Ivancevic, Andreas Kögler, Eberhard Bell, Bernd Lorenz, Gerald Kluge, Christoph Hartenstein, Ralf Paschke
BACKGROUND: Reported results for thyroid nodule fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology mainly originate from tertiary centers. However, thyroid nodule FNA cytology is mainly performed in primary care settings for which the distribution of FNA Bethesda categories and their respective malignancy rates are largely unknown. Therefore, this study investigated FNA cytology malignancy rates of a large primary care setting to determine to what extent current evidence based strategies for the malignancy risk stratification of thyroid nodules are applied and applicable in such primary care settings...
October 6, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981661/municipal-health-services-provision-by-local-governments-a-systematic-review-of-experiences-in-decentralized-sub-saharan-african-countries
#20
Hilaire Zon, Milena Pavlova, Koiné Maxime Drabo, Wim Groot
'Four' types of decentralization are distinguished in health care: deconcentration when the shift in authority is to regional or district offices; devolution when the shift is to state, provincial or municipal governments; delegation when semi-autonomous agencies are granted new powers; and privatization when ownership is granted to private entities. This article systematically reviews the experiences of local governments of Sub-Saharan African countries with the provision of health services during and after decentralization reforms...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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