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Nsqip pediatrics

Kari Kraemer, Mark E Cohen, Yaoming Liu, Douglas C Barnhart, Shawn J Rangel, Jacqueline M Saito, Karl Y Bilimoria, Clifford Y Ko, Bruce L Hall
BACKGROUND: There is an increased desire of patients and families to be involved in the surgical decision making process. A surgeon's ability to provide patients and families with patient-specific estimates of postoperative complications is critical for shared decision making and informed consent. Surgeons can also use patient-specific risk estimates to decide whether or not to operate and what options to give to patients. Our objective was to develop and evaluate a publicly available risk estimation tool that would cover many common pediatric surgical procedures across all specialties...
August 24, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Christopher T Martin, Andrew J Pugely, Yubo Gao, Branko Skovrlj, Nathan J Lee, Samuel K Cho, Sergio Mendoza-Lattes
BACKGROUND: There exists a lack of comparison between large national healthcare databases reporting surgical morbidity and mortality. Prior authors have expressed concern that the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) membership may have underreported complications in spinal surgery. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to compare the incidence of morbidity between the SRS and National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) databases. METHODS: We reviewed patients enrolled between 2012 and 2013, with a total of 96,875 patients identified in the SRS dataset and 15,909 in the combined adult and pediatric NSQIP dataset...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Dani O Gonzalez, Justin B Mahida, Lindsey Asti, Erica J Ambeba, Brian Kenney, Lance Governale, Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement, the mainstay of treatment for hydrocephalus, can place a substantial burden on patients and health care systems because of high complication and revision rates. We aimed to identify factors associated with 30-day VP shunt failure in children undergoing either initial placement or revision. METHODS: VP shunt placements performed on patients in the 2012-2013 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Pediatric were identified...
August 5, 2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Christopher R Roxbury, Kris R Jatana, Rahul K Shah, Emily F Boss
OBJECTIVES: Prior research has shown that airway reconstructive procedures comprise significant composite morbidity compared to the whole of pediatric otolaryngologic cases evaluated in the American College of Surgeon's National Surgery Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (ACS-NSQIP-P) platform. We describe postoperative sequelae of pediatric airway reconstructive procedures and identify predictive factors for adverse events. METHODS: Current procedural terminology (CPT) codes were used to identify children undergoing included procedures in the 2012 to 2014 ACS-NSQIP-P public use files (PUF)...
July 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
Susan M Goobie, James A DiNardo, David Faraoni
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between the volume of red blood cells (RBCs) transfused and outcomes in children undergoing noncardiac surgery. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Children undergoing noncardiac surgery recorded in the 2012 and 2013 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) pediatric databases were included. Outcomes included 30-day mortality and the incidence of major postoperative complications...
July 12, 2016: Transfusion
Aditya Vedantam, Rory R Mayer, Kristen A Staggers, Dominic A Harris, I-Wen Pan, Sandi K Lam
PURPOSE: The multicenter National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) database maintained by the American College of Surgeons was used to describe 30-day outcomes following Chiari type 1 decompression in children and to identify risk factors for readmission, reoperation, and perioperative complications. METHODS: We identified patients aged 0-18 years who underwent posterior cranial fossa decompression for Chiari type 1 malformation in 2012, 2013, and 2014 in the NSQIP-Pediatric database...
July 8, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
R Tejwani, H-H S Wang, B J Young, N H Greene, S Wolf, J S Wiener, J C Routh
INTRODUCTION: Increased case volumes and training are associated with better surgical outcomes. However, the impact of pediatric urology sub-specialization on perioperative complication rates is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the presence and magnitude of difference in rates of common postoperative complications for elective pediatric urology procedures between specialization levels of urologic surgeons. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), a nationally representative administrative database, was used...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Jason Fawley, Thomas H Chelius, Yvonne Anderson, Laura D Cassidy, Marjorie J Arca
BACKGROUND: Adult data suggest that perioperative transfusion may have deleterious effects through immunomodulation. Limited data regarding the effect of transfusions exist in the pediatric population. We hypothesized that perioperative transfusions may be associated with surgical site infections (SSI) in newborns. METHODS: The 2012 and 2013 American College of Surgeons National Safety and Quality Improvement Project-Pediatric (ACS-NSQIP-P) Participant User Files were queried to include all neonates that underwent surgical procedures...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Urology
David I Chu, Douglas A Canning, Gregory E Tasian
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Quality improvement in surgery involves identifying patients at high risk for postoperative complications. We sought to assess the impact of race and procedure type on 30-day surgical morbidity in pediatric urology. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatrics (NSQIP-P) is a prospective registry of surgical cases from 50 and 56 pediatric hospitals in 2012 and 2013, respectively. We performed a cohort study of children followed in NSQIP-P who underwent urologic surgery...
July 2016: Pediatrics
Brandon A Sherrod, Dustin K Baker, Shawn R Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Perioperative bleeding requiring blood transfusion is a known complication of hip dysplasia (HD) surgery. Here we examine rates of, risk factors for, and postoperative complications associated with transfusion during HD surgery. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Pediatric database was queried for patients treated by an orthopaedist from 2012 to 2013. HD cases were categorized by Current Procedural Terminology codes into femoral osteotomies, acetabular osteotomies, combined femoral/acetabular osteotomies, and open reductions...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Jacob Cherian, Kristen A Staggers, I-Wen Pan, Melissa Lopresti, Andrew Jea, Sandi Lam
OBJECTIVE Due to improved nutrition and early detection, myelomeningocele repair is a relatively uncommon procedure. Although previous studies have reviewed surgical trends and predictors of outcomes, they have relied largely on single-hospital experiences or on databases centered on hospital admission data. Here, the authors report 30-day outcomes of pediatric patients undergoing postnatal myelomeningocele repair from a national prospective surgical outcomes database. They sought to investigate the association between preoperative and intraoperative factors on the occurrence of 30-day complications, readmissions, and unplanned return to operating room events...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Stephanie Thibaudeau, Jason B Anari, Nicholas Carducci, Robert B Carrigan
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and risk factors of complications, reoperations and 30-day unplanned readmission after pediatric upper extremity surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the 2013 National Surgery Quality Improvement Program pediatric database to identify procedures that met the CPT code of a primary upper extremity procedure. A univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to identify patient- and surgery-related risk factors for complications, reoperations and 30-day unplanned readmissions...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Douglas A Canning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Urology
Hsin-Hsiao S Wang, Rohit Tejwani, Glenn M Cannon, Patricio C Gargollo, John S Wiener, Jonathan C Routh
INTRODUCTION: Open ureteroneocystostomy (UNC) is the gold standard for surgical correction of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Beyond single-center reports, there are few published data on outcomes of minimally-invasive (MIS) UNC. Our objective was to compare postoperative outcomes of open and MIS UNC using national, population-level data. METHOD: We reviewed the 1998-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample to identify pediatric (≤18 years) VUR patients who underwent either open or MIS UNC...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Sandi Lam, Jared Fridley, Virendra R Desai, Visish M Srinivasan, Andrew Jea, Thomas G Luerssen, I-Wen Pan
The American College of Surgeons and the American Pediatric Surgical Association collaborate to provide pediatric hospitals with multispeciality surgical outcomes data through the Pediatric National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP Peds). The authors used this national multicenter database to describe 30-day outcomes from craniosynostosis surgery and identify associations with perioperative events and blood transfusion.Data from NSQIP Peds were used to describe children undergoing craniosynostosis surgery...
May 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Brian T Bucher, Eileen M Duggan, Peter H Grubb, Daniel J France, Kevin P Lally, Martin L Blakely
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of this project was to examine the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric (ACSNSQIP-P) Participant Use File (PUF) to compare risk-adjusted outcomes of neonates versus other pediatric surgical patients. METHODS: In the ACS-NSQIP-P 2012-2013 PUF, patients were classified as preterm neonate, term neonate, or nonneonate at the time of surgery. The primary outcomes were 30-day mortality and composite morbidity...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Maria G Sacco Casamassima, Colin Gause, Jingyan Yang, Seth D Goldstein, Abhishek Swarup, Fizan Abdullah
PURPOSE: Limited data exists evaluating the extent of utilization and safety of outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in children. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety of outpatient LC in the pediatric population utilizing a national surgical quality improvement database. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (NSQIP-P) databases from 2012 and 2013 were queried to identify pediatric patients who underwent elective LC...
June 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Jacques X Zhang, Diana Song, Julie Bedford, Marija Bucevska, Douglas J Courtemanche, Jugpal S Arneja
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality conferences have played a traditional role in tracking complications. Recently, the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatrics (ACS NSQIP-P) has gained popularity as a risk-adjusted means of addressing quality assurance. The purpose of this article is to report an analysis of the two methodologies used within pediatric plastic surgery to determine the best way to manage quality. METHODS: ACS NSQIP-P and morbidity and mortality data were extracted for 2012 and 2013 at a quaternary care institution...
April 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Christina Feng, Feroze Sidhwa, Danielle B Cameron, Charity Glass, Shawn J Rangel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the rates of surgical site infections (SSI) associated with colorectal procedures in children and the relative burden of these events within the scope of pediatric surgical practice. METHODS: The NSQIP-Pediatric Public Use File was queried for all pediatric surgery procedures captured from 50 hospitals during 2012-2013. Rates of incisional and deep organ/space SSIs (ISSI and OSI, respectively) were calculated for all procedures, and the relative burden of SSIs from the entire dataset attributable to colorectal procedures was determined...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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