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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095829/a-middle-eastern-journey-of-integrating-interprofessional-education-into-the-healthcare-curriculum-a-swoc-analysis
#1
Alla El-Awaisi, Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Ahmed Awaisu, Bridget Paravattil
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is an emerging concept in the Middle East with a number of health professional degree programs continually striving to meet international accreditation requirements to enhance the quality of education and ensure high standards are maintained. Using the College of Pharmacy at Qatar University (CPH QU) as a model, this article describes the IPE initiatives coordinated through the College's IPE Committee, with representation from fourteen programs at four Healthcare institutions: Qatar University; Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar; the University of Calgary in Qatar; and the College of North Atlantic in Qatar...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088047/sliding-doors-did-drama-based-inter-professional-education-improve-the-tensions-round-person-centred-nursing-and-social-care-delivery-for-people-with-dementia-a-mixed-method-exploratory-study
#2
Lindsay Dingwall, Jane Fenton, Timothy B Kelly, John Lee
This educational intervention takes place when the population of older people with dementia is increasing. Health and Social care professionals must work jointly in increasingly complex contexts. Negative attitudes towards older people are cited as a contributor to poor care delivery, including the use of dismissive and/or patronising language, failing to meet fundamental needs and afford choice. 'Sliding Doors to Personal Futures' is a joint, drama-based, educational initiative between NHS Education Scotland and the Scottish Social Services Council, delivered using interprofessional education (IPE) towards encouraging person-centred health and social care...
December 21, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075132/discovery-of-imidazo-1-2-a-pyridine-ethers-and-squaramides-as-selective-and-potent-inhibitors-of-mycobacterial-adenosine-triphosphate-atp-synthesis
#3
Subramanyam J Tantry, Shankar D Markad, Vikas Shinde, Jyothi Bhat, Gayathri Balakrishnan, Amit K Gupta, Anisha Ambady, Anandkumar V Raichurkar, Chaitanyakumar Kedari, Sreevalli Sharma, Naina V Mudugal, Ashwini Narayan, C N Naveen Kumar, Robert Nanduri, Sowmya Bharath, Jitendar Reddy, Vijender Panduga, Prabhakar K R, Karthikeyan Kandaswamy, Ramanatha Saralaya, Parvinder Kaur, Neela Dinesh, Supreeth Guptha, Kirsty Rich, David Murray, Helen Plant, Marian Preston, Helen Ashton, Darren Plant, Jarrod Walsh, Peter Alcock, Kathryn Naylor, Matthew Collier, James Whiteaker, Robert E McLaughlin, Meenakshi Mallya, Manoranjan Panda, Suresh Rudrapatna, Vasanthi Ramachandran, Radha K Shandil, Vasan K Sambandamurthy, Khisimuzi Mdluli, Christopher B Cooper, Harvey Rubin, Takahiro Yano, Pravin S Iyer, Shridhar Narayanan, Stefan Kavanagh, Kakoli Mukherjee, V Balasubramanian, Vinayak P Hosagrahara, Suresh Solapure, Sudha Ravishankar, Shahul Hameed P
The approval of bedaquiline to treat tuberculosis has validated adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthase as an attractive target to kill Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Herein, we report the discovery of two diverse lead series imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine ethers (IPE) and squaramides (SQA) as inhibitors of mycobacterial ATP-synthesis. Through medicinal chemistry exploration, we established a robust structure activity relationship of these two scaffolds resulting in nanomolar potencies in an ATP-synthesis inhibition assay...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050654/misalignments-of-purpose-and-power-in-an-early-canadian-interprofessional-education-initiative
#4
Sarah Whyte, Elise Paradis, Carrie Cartmill, Ayelet Kuper, Heather Boon, Corinne Hart, Saleem Razack, Mandy Pipher, Cynthia R Whitehead
Interprofessional education (IPE) has been widely incorporated into health professional curricula and accreditation standards despite an arguably thin base of evidence regarding its clinical effects, theoretical underpinnings, and social implications. To better understand how and why IPE first took root, but failed to grow, this study examines one of the earliest documented IPE initiatives, which took place at the University of British Columbia between 1960 and 1975. We examined a subset of 110 texts (academic literature, grey literature, and unpublished records) from a larger study that uses Critical Discourse Analysis to trace the emergence of IPE in Canada...
January 3, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024436/international-consensus-statement-on-the-assessment-of-interprofessional-learning-outcomes
#5
Gary D Rogers, Jill E Thistlethwaite, Elizabeth S Anderson, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren, Ruby E Grymonpre, Monica Moran, Dujeepa D Samarasekera
Regulatory frameworks around the world mandate that health and social care professional education programs graduate practitioners who have the competence and capability to practice effectively in interprofessional collaborative teams. Academic institutions are responding by offering interprofessional education (IPE); however, there is as yet no consensus regarding optimal strategies for the assessment of interprofessional learning (IPL). The Program Committee for the 17th Ottawa Conference in Perth, Australia in March, 2016, invited IPE champions to debate and discuss the current status of the assessment of IPL...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017298/a-pilot-program-to-improve-nursing-and-surgical-intern-collaboration-lessons-learned-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Neha Raparla, Diane Davis, Daria Shumaker, Anagha Kumar, Shabnam Hafiz, Jack Sava, Katie Adams, Shimae C Fitzgibbons
BACKGROUND: Inter-professional collaboration is an integral component of a successful healthcare team. We sought to evaluate the impact of nursing student participation in a one-day intensive inter-professional education (IPE) training session with surgical interns on participant attitudes toward inter-professional collaboration. METHODS: Following IRB approval, pre and post IPE session survey responses were compared to determine the impact on participant attitudes toward inter-professional collaboration...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011914/the-streptococcus-agalactiae-virulence-regulator-covr-affects-the-pathogenesis-of-urinary-tract-infection
#7
Matthew J Sullivan, Sophie Y Leclercq, Deepak S Ipe, Alison J Carey, Joshua P Smith, Nathan Voller, Allan W Cripps, Glen C Ulett
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus agalactiae can cause urinary tract infection (UTI). The role of the S. agalactiae global virulence regulator, CovR, in UTI pathogenesis is unknown METHODS: We used murine and human bladder uroepithelial cell models of UTI and S. agalactiae mutants in covR and related factors, including -hemolysin/cytolysin ( -h/c), surface-anchored adhesin HvgA, and capsule to study the role of CovR in UTI. RESULTS: covR-deficient serotype III S. agalactiae 874391 was significantly attenuated for colonization in mice and adhesion to uroepithelial cells...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000731/electronic-structure-of-the-kitaev-material-%C3%AE-rucl3-probed-by-photoemission-and-inverse-photoemission-spectroscopies
#8
Soobin Sinn, Choong Hyun Kim, Beom Hyun Kim, Kyung Dong Lee, Choong Jae Won, Ji Seop Oh, Moonsup Han, Young Jun Chang, Namjung Hur, Hitoshi Sato, Byeong-Gyu Park, Changyoung Kim, Hyeong-Do Kim, Tae Won Noh
Recently, α-RuCl3 has attracted much attention as a possible material to realize the honeycomb Kitaev model of a quantum-spin-liquid state. Although the magnetic properties of α-RuCl3 have been extensively studied, its electronic structure, which is strongly related to its Kitaev physics, is poorly understood. Here, the electronic structure of α-RuCl3 was investigated by photoemission (PE) and inverse-photoemission (IPE) spectroscopies. The band gap was directly measured from the PE and IPE spectra and was found to be 1...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996355/assessing-faculty-attitudes-after-participation-in-an-interprofessional-teaching-scholars-programme
#9
Sally Moyce, Jeri L Bigbee, Craig Keenan
Promoting interprofessional education (IPE) and practice is a priority in academic health centres; however, implementation of IPE can be challenging. Recognizing the need for faculty development in teaching, and specifically IPE, the University of California, Davis Schools of Health launched the Interprofessional Teaching Scholars Program (ITSP) in 2014. Two cohorts of 11 faculty scholars each completed the nine-month programme and participated in this longitudinal comparative study in which pre- and post-assessments using a validated survey instrument were administered to measure changes in faculty attitudes towards IPE and collaborative practice...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996353/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-professional-version-of-the-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-scale-ripls-in-japanese
#10
Ai Oishi, Junji Haruta, Kenji Yoshimi, Michiko Goto, Kazue Yoshida, Hisashi Yoshimoto
Interprofessional education (IPE) for healthcare professionals is important in Japan because of its rapidly aging population and increasingly complex healthcare needs. However, no tools have been validated in the Japanese context to evaluate healthcare professionals' attitudes towards, or readiness for, IPE. The professional version of the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) with 23 items was selected for cross-cultural adaptation because it has been widely used internationally and a Japanese edition of the student version has already been developed...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990469/attitude-towards-and-readiness-for-interprofessional-education-in-medical-and-nursing-students-of-bern
#11
Ulrich Woermann, Lena Weltsch, Alexandra Kunz, Daniel Stricker, Sissel Guttormsen
Objectives: Interprofessional collaboration is becoming increasingly important in health care for various reasons. Interprofessional Education (IPE) can provide a basis for this. The aim of our study was to find out how medical (MS) and nursing students (NS) think about their own and other professions, what they know about each other, how strong their willingness to embrace IPE is, and what forms of IPE they deem useful. Methodology: Seven IPE experts rated the two measuring instruments, Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale RIPLS, and Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale IEPS in terms of relevance of the items, and the quality of translation into German...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938025/advancing-hospice-and-palliative-care-social-work-leadership-in-interprofessional-education-and-practice
#12
Susan Blacker, Barbara A Head, Barbara L Jones, Stacy S Remke, Katherine Supiano
The importance of interprofessional collaboration in achieving high quality outcomes, improving patient quality of life, and decreasing costs has been growing significantly in health care. Palliative care has been viewed as an exemplary model of interprofessional care delivery, yet best practices in both interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional practice (IPP) in the field are still developing. So, too, is the leadership of hospice and palliative care social workers within IPE and IPP. Generating evidence regarding best practices that can prepare social work professionals for collaborative practice is essential...
October 2016: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909224/sarcomeric-protein-modification-during-adrenergic-stress-enhances-cross-bridge-kinetics-and-cardiac-output
#13
Kenneth S Gresham, Ranganath Mamidi, Jiayang Li, Hyerin Kwak, Julian E Stelzer
Molecular adaptations to chronic neurohormonal stress, including sarcomeric protein cleavage and phosphorylation, provide a mechanism to increase ventricular contractility and enhance cardiac output, yet the link between sarcomeric protein modifications and changes in myocardial function remains unclear. To examine the effects of neurohormonal stress on post-translational modifications of sarcomeric proteins, mice were administered combined α- and β-adrenergic receptor agonists (isoproterenol and phenylephrine; IPE) for 14 days using implantable osmotic pumps...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904885/a-novel-protective-vaccine-antigen-from-the-core-escherichia-coli-genome
#14
Danilo G Moriel, Lendl Tan, Kelvin G K Goh, Minh-Duy Phan, Deepak S Ipe, Alvin W Lo, Kate M Peters, Glen C Ulett, Scott A Beatson, Mark A Schembri
Escherichia coli is a versatile pathogen capable of causing intestinal and extraintestinal infections that result in a huge burden of global human disease. The diversity of E. coli is reflected by its multiple different pathotypes and mosaic genome composition. E. coli strains are also a major driver of antibiotic resistance, emphasizing the urgent need for new treatment and prevention measures. Here, we used a large data set comprising 1,700 draft and complete genomes to define the core and accessory genome of E...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882788/why-we-need-more-research-into-interprofessional-education
#15
Marian Traynor, Despina Galanouli, John Gardner, Richard Corry
Interprofessional education (IPE) has long been considered an important means of improving communication and interaction between health professionals and of addressing patient safety concerns. This study aimed to explore whether a high-fidelity (HF) simulator could enhance a postgraduate IPE session on team-working and communication skills. A convenience sample of six doctors and six nurses, all recently qualified and working in an acute care setting, participated in teams of one nurse and one doctor in a typical clinical case scenario using a HF simulator...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880080/anchoring-interprofessional-education-in-undergraduate-curricula-the-heidelberg-story
#16
Sarah Berger, Katja Goetz, Christina Leowardi-Bauer, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz, Joachim Szecsenyi, Cornelia Mahler
The ability of health professionals to collaborate effectively has significant potential impact on patient safety and quality-care outcomes, especially given the increasingly complex and dynamic clinical practice environments of today. Educators of the health professions are faced with an immediate challenge to adapt curricula and traditional teaching methods to ensure graduates are equipped with the necessary interprofessional competencies and (inter)professional values for their future practice. The World Health Organization's "Framework for action in interprofessional education (IPE) and collaborative practice" promotes IPE as a key strategy to enhance patient outcomes by preparing a "collaborative practice-ready health workforce...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856029/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-characteristics-of-iris-melanocytic-tumors
#17
Alison H Skalet, Yan Li, Chen D Lu, Yali Jia, ByungKun Lee, Lennart Husvogt, Andreas Maier, James G Fujimoto, Charles R Thomas, David Huang
PURPOSE: To evaluate tumor vasculature with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in malignant iris melanomas and benign iris lesions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational clinical study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with iris lesions and healthy volunteers. METHODS: Eyes were imaged using OCTA systems operating at 1050- and 840-nm wavelengths. Three-dimensional OCTA scans were acquired. Iris melanoma patients treated with radiation therapy were imaged again after I-125 plaque brachytherapy at 6 and 18 months...
November 14, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829717/pseudocholinesterase-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-and-morbidity-in-organophosphorus-poisoning
#18
Pradeepkumar Hiremath, Pradeep Rangappa, Ipe Jacob, Karthik Rao
BACKGROUND: Organophosphorus (OP) pesticide poisoning is a major clinical and public health problem in India. Mortality rate remains high at 15%-30%. AIMS: This prospective, observational study examines the relationship between pseudocholinesterase (PChE) activity and morbidity and mortality in OP poisoning. SETTING AND DESIGN: OP poisoning cases admitted to a tertiary care center Intensive Care Unit (ICU) over 5 years from 2010 to 2014 were studied...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825602/comparison-of-different-material-models-of-articular-cartilage-in-3d-computational-modeling-of-the-knee-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative-oai
#19
Olesya Klets, Mika E Mononen, Petri Tanska, Miika T Nieminen, Rami K Korhonen, Simo Saarakkala
The intricate properties of articular cartilage and the complexity of the loading environment are some of the key challenges in developing models for biomechanical analysis of the knee joint. Fibril-reinforced poroelastic (FRPE) material models have been reported to accurately capture characteristic responses of cartilage during dynamic and static loadings. However, high computational and time costs associated with such advanced models limit applicability of FRPE models when multiple subjects need to be analyzed...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797628/working-together-using-a-unique-approach-to-evaluate-an-interactive-and-clinic-based-longitudinal-interprofessional-education-experience-with-13-professions
#20
Britta M Thompson, Dale W Bratzler, Mark J Fisher, Amie Torres, Epic Faculty, Rhonda A Sparks
Interprofessional education (IPE) involving an interactive and longitudinal clinic experience at an inner-city charitable clinic from September to May 2013/2014 was evaluated. Pre-, mid-, and post-intervention data were collected from students in 13 different professions including medicine (medical and physician assistant), dentistry (dental and dental hygiene), nursing (undergraduate and clinical nurse specialist), public health, pharmacy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, nutritional sciences, speech and language pathology, and social work...
November 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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