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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237518/development-and-validation-of-an-extraction-method-for-the-analysis-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-human-hair
#1
Da-Hye Kim, Jeong-Eun Oh
Human hair has many advantages as a non-invasive sample; however, analytical methods for detecting perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in human hair are still in the development stage. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop and validate a method for monitoring 11 PFASs in human hair. Solid-phase extraction (SPE), ion-pairing extraction (IPE), a combined method (SPE+IPE) and solvent extraction with ENVI-carb clean-up were compared to develop an optimal extraction method using two types of hair sample (powder and piece forms)...
February 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213901/high-throughput-assays-to-assess-the-functional-impact-of-genetic-variants-a-road-towards-genomic-driven-medicine
#2
J Ipe, M Swart, K S Burgess, T C Skaar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184380/implementation-of-interprofessional-education-ipe-in-16-u-s-medical-schools-common-practices-barriers-and-facilitators
#3
Courtney West, Lori Graham, Ryan T Palmer, Marissa Fuqua Miller, Erin K Thayer, Margaret L Stuber, Linda Awdishu, Rachel A Umoren, Maria A Wamsley, Elizabeth A Nelson, Pablo A Joo, James W Tysinger, Paul George, Patricia A Carney
BACKGROUND: Enhanced patient outcomes and accreditation criteria have led schools to integrate interprofessional education (IPE). While several studies describe IPE curricula at individual institutions, few examine practices across multiple institutions. PURPOSE: To examine the IPE integration at different institutions and determine gaps where there is potential for improvement. METHOD: In this mixed methods study, we obtained survey results from 16 U...
September 2016: J Interprof Educ Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181853/identifying-facilitators-and-barriers-for-implementation-of-interprofessional-education-perspectives-from-medical-educators-in-the-netherlands
#4
Joy de Vries-Erich, Kirsten Reuchlin, Paul de Maaijer, J M Monica van de Ridder
Patient care and patient safety can be compromised by the lack of interprofessional collaboration and communication between healthcare providers. Interprofessional education (IPE) should therefore start during medical training and not be postponed until after graduation. This case study explored the current situation in the Dutch context and interviewed experts within medical education and with pioneers of successful best practices to learn more about their experiences with IPE. Data analysis started while new data were still collected, resulting in an iterative, constant comparative process...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181848/an-examination-of-students-perceptions-of-their-interprofessional-placements-in-residential-aged-care
#5
Karla Seaman, Rosemary Saunders, Elly Williams, Jane Harrup-Gregory, Helen Loffler, Fiona Lake
It is essential that health professionals are trained to provide optimal care for our ageing population. Key to this is a positive attitude to older adults along with the ability to work in teams and provide interprofessional care. There is limited evidence on the impact an interprofessional education (IPE) placement in a residential aged care facility (RACF) has on students. In 2015 in Western Australia, 51 students (30% male, median age 23 years), from seven professions, undertook a placement between 2 and 13 weeks in length at 1 RACF...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181847/international-service-learning-and-interprofessional-education-in-ecuador-findings-from-a-phenomenology-study-with-students-from-four-professions
#6
Audrey M Johnson, Dana M Howell
Combined international service learning (ISL) and interprofessional education (IPE) experiences can move health professional student learning beyond the traditional confines of the classroom and outside uniprofessional ethos. The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to describe the shared experience of health professional students participating in an ISL trip to a small community in Ecuador. The study focused on the learning and collaboration that occurred among students from multiple health professions during the trip and the cross-cultural exchange between the students and the patients in Ecuador...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181846/attitudes-and-preferences-concerning-interprofessional-education-of-first-year-students-and-experienced-medical-and-nursing-staff
#7
Stephan Kolb, Thomas Vasilakis, Barbara Stein, Jessica Stadelmann, Angelika Münzinger, Gabriele Fley, Isabel Hach, Marco Jassmann, Jürgen Härlein
In order to enhance patient outcome and patient safety in healthcare, interprofessional education (IPE) has over the years become a specific area of interest focusing on teaching concepts, research methods, and implementation strategies. To achieve commitment and positive attitudes as part of the institutional readiness towards IPE, the adoption of change management aspects can support its early implementation. This short report presents results of a baseline survey on attitudes and preferences for IPE among first-year students in medicine and nursing, as well as among chief physicians, nurse directors, and administrative directors at the associated university hospital...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181845/patient-safety-and-interprofessional-education-a-report-of-key-issues-from-two-interprofessional-workshops
#8
Elizabeth S Anderson, Richard Gray, Kim Price
This article presents the outcomes of two workshops which explored historical and recent issues on patient safety that directly relate to leaders in the interprofessional field. The article considers the impact of flattened team-based structures where collaborative working constantly considers safe patient-centred high-quality care. These issues are mainly rooted in changes within a UK context, but the historical case studies present situations which could enlighten and enliven discussions of patient safety in an international context...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164372/tackling-wicked-problems-how-theories-of-agency-can-provide-new-insights
#9
Lara Varpio, Carol Aschenbrener, Joanna Bates
OBJECTIVES: This paper reviews why and how theories of agency can be used as analytical lenses to help health professions education (HPE) scholars address our community's wicked problems. Wicked problems are those that resist clear problem statements, defy traditional analysis approaches, and refuse definitive resolution (e.g. student remediation, assessments of professionalism, etc.). We illustrate how theories of agency can provide new insights into such challenges by examining the application of these theories to one particular wicked problem in HPE: interprofessional education (IPE)...
February 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161919/cysts-of-the-iris-pigment-epithelium-what-is-new-and-interesting-the-2016-jose-rizal-international-medal-lecture
#10
REVIEW
Jerry A Shields, Carol L Shields
PURPOSE: Cysts of the iris pigment epithelium (IPE) can involve the pupillary margin, midzone, or peripheral location or can be free-floating in the aqueous or vitreous or lodged in the anterior chamber angle. Avariant of IPE cyst, known as iris flocculi, can be a marker for systemic thoracic aneurysm. DESIGN: Review of IPE cysts and description of new observations of the lesions. METHODS: Review of IPE cysts. RESULTS: Lesions in 672 eyes were classified as of the pupillary margin (n = 49; 7%), midzone (n = 188; 28%), peripheral (n = 424; 63%), or dislodged/free-floating (n = 11; 2%)...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155943/valence-band-dispersion-measurements-of-perovskite-single-crystals-using-angle-resolved-photoemission-spectroscopy
#11
Congcong Wang, Benjamin R Ecker, Haotong Wei, Jinsong Huang, Jian-Qiao Meng, Yongli Gao
The electronic structure of a cleaved perovskite (CH3NH3PbBr3) single crystal was studied in an ultra-high vacuum (UHV) system using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and inverse photoelectron spectroscopy (IPES). Highly reproducible dispersive features of the valence bands were observed with symmetry about the Brillouin zone center and boundaries. The largest dispersion width was found to be ∼0.73 eV and ∼0.98 eV along the ΓX and ΓM directions, respectively. The effective mass of the holes was estimated to be ∼0...
February 3, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149029/efficacy-of-conivaptan-and-hypertonic-3-saline-in-treating-hyponatremia-due-to-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuretic-hormone-in-a-tertiary-intensive-care-unit
#12
Sridhar Nagepalli Venkatarami Reddy, Pradeep Rangappa, Ipe Jacob, Rajeswari Janakiraman, Karthik Rao
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia is one of the most common electrolyte abnormalities encountered in clinical practice and has a significant impact on morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. The optimal management of hyponatremia is still evolving. Over the last decade, vaptans have been increasingly used in clinical practice with promising results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included eighty patients with symptomatic hyponatremia due to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) admitted and treated in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) with either conivaptan or hypertonic (3%) saline...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148605/dental-hygiene-dental-and-medical-students-omfs-hospital-dentistry-related-knowledge-skills-attitudes-and-behavior-an-exploration
#13
Stephanie M Munz, Roderick Y Kim, Tyler J Holley, John N Donkersloot, Marita R Inglehart
Engaging other health care providers in oral health-related activities and interprofessional care (IPC) could increase access to oral health care for underserved populations in the U.S. The aims of this study were to assess dental hygiene, dental, and medical students' intra- and interprofessional and oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS)/hospital dentistry-related knowledge/skills, attitudes, and behavior; determine whether first and second year vs. third and fourth year cohorts' responses differed; and explore how intra- and interprofessional knowledge was related to interprofessional education (IPE) and interprofessional attitudes and behavior...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148604/the-impact-of-oral-systemic-health-on-advancing-interprofessional-education-outcomes
#14
Judith Haber, Erin Hartnett, Kenneth Allen, Ruth Crowe, Jennifer Adams, Abigail Bella, Thomas Riles, Anna Vasilyeva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an interprofessional education (IPE) clinical simulation and case study experience, using oral-systemic health as the clinical population health example, for nurse practitioner/midwifery, dental, and medical students' self-reported attainment of interprofessional competencies. A pretest-posttest evaluation method was employed, using data from the Interprofessional Collaborative Competency Attainment Scale (ICCAS) completed by two large cohorts of nurse practitioner/midwifery, dental, and medical students at one U...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140718/innovations-in-oral-health-a-toolkit-for-interprofessional-education
#15
Maria C Dolce, Jessica L Parker, Debra T Werrlein
The integration of oral health competencies into non-dental health professions curricula can serve as an effective driver for interprofessional education (IPE). The purpose of this report is to describe a replicable oral-health-driven IPE model and corresponding online toolkit, both of which were developed as part of the Innovations in Oral Health (IOH): Technology, Instruction, Practice, and Service programme at Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, USA. Tooth decay is a largely preventable disease that is connected to overall health and wellness, and it affects the majority of adults and a fifth of children in the United States...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140716/launching-first-year-health-sciences-students-into-collaborative-practice-highlighting-institutional-enablers-and-barriers-to-success
#16
Sharla King, Mark Hall, Lu-Anne McFarlane, Teresa Paslawski, Susan Sommerfeldt, Tara Hatch, Cori Schmitz, Heidi Bates, Elizabeth Taylor, Barbara Norton
Developing and sustaining a comprehensive interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum infused throughout health science programmes at large post-secondary institutions requires not only champions within each program but also collaboration across professional programmes and strong support at an institutional level. The purpose of this article is twofold. First, it reports on the development of an interprofessional learning pathway, an institutional curricular model, and the pathway launch, an introductory learning experience within the context of a large post-secondary institution...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140703/a-longitudinal-online-interprofessional-education-experience-involving-family-nurse-practitioner-students-and-pharmacy-students
#17
Andrea Collins, Amy Broeseker, Jill Cunningham, Cyndi Cortes, Jennifer Beall, Amy Bigham, Jongwha Chang
Interprofessional education (IPE) continues to gain traction worldwide. Challenges integrating IPE into health profession programmes include finding convenient times, meeting spaces, and level-appropriate assignments for each profession. This article describes the implementation of a 21-month prospective cohort study pilot programme for the Master of Science in nursing family nurse practitioner (FNP) and doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students at a private university in the United States. This IPE experience utilised a blended approach for the learning activities; these students had initial and final sessions where they met face-to-face, with asynchronous online activities between these two sessions...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129004/interprofessional-education-in-a-student-led-emergency-department-a-realist-evaluation
#18
Anne Ericson, Susanne Löfgren, Gunilla Bolinder, Scott Reeves, Simon Kitto, Italo Masiello
This article reports a realist evaluation undertaken to identify factors that facilitated or hindered the successful implementation of interprofessional clinical training for undergraduate students in an emergency department. A realist evaluation provides a framework for understanding how the context and underlying mechanisms affect the outcome patterns of an intervention. The researchers gathered both qualitative and quantitative data from internal documents, semi-structured interviews, observations, and questionnaires to study what worked, for whom, and under what circumstances in this specific interprofessional setting...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116646/systemic-bioavailability-and-dose-proportionality-of-omega-3-administered-in-free-fatty-acid-form-compared-with-ethyl-ester-form-results-of-a-phase-1-study-in-healthy-volunteers
#19
Elliot Offman, Michael Davidson, Mohammad Abu-Rashid, Peng Chai, Catarina Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 carboxylic acids (OM3-CA) contains eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in free fatty acid form. Per gram, OM3-CA includes approximately half as much EPA as icosapent ethyl (IPE), an ethyl ester formulation of EPA. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to assess systemic EPA and EPA + DHA exposures and plasma lipid parameters following multiple OM3-CA or IPE doses under low-fat dietary conditions, and dose proportionality after OM3-CA administration...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107137/interprofessional-education-in-an-orthodontic-outreach-training-centre
#20
Richard Cure
Interprofessional education (IPE) describes those occasions when students from two or more professions learn about, from and with each other to enable effective collaboration and improve health outcomes. In the UK, orthodontic treatment is now delivered by a highly skilled team. Historically, education and training for orthodontic team members has been delivered 'uniprofessionally' in secondary care hospital settings, despite 96% of dental care, including orthodontics, being delivered in primary care. This paper describes an evaluation of IPE in Leamington Spa Orthodontics (LSO), a University-approved, primary care outreach training centre, where all members of the orthodontic team deliver patient care and are educated together in an IPE environment...
November 1, 2016: Primary Dental Journal
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