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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929096/enhancing-steel-properties-through-in-situ-formation-of-ultrahard-ceramic-surface
#1
Farshid Pahlevani, Rahul Kumar, Narjes Gorjizadeh, Rumana Hossain, Sagar T Cholake, Karen Privat, Veena Sahajwalla
Abrasion and corrosion resistant steel has attracted considerable interest for industrial application as a means of minimising the costs associated with product/component failures and/or short replacement cycles. These classes of steels contain alloying elements that increase their resistance to abrasion and corrosion. Their benefits, however, currently come at a potentially prohibitive cost; such high performance steel products are both more technically challenging and more expensive to produce. Although these methods have proven effective in improving the performance of more expensive, high-grade steel components, they are not economically viable for relatively low cost steel products...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928812/outcomes-of-patients-with-glanular-hypospadias-or-dorsal-hood-deformity-with-mild-chordee-ttreated-by-modified-firlit-s-technique
#2
Farshid Alizadeh, Shekoufeh Shirani
PURPOSE: To assess the success and complication rates of glanular hypospadias or dorsal hood deformity surgery,using a modified Firlit's technique without glanuloplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2013 and December 2015, 41 patients with glanular hypospadias or dorsalhood deformity without hypospadias and mild ventral chordee underwent surgery. Thirty-eight who completedthe 1 week and 6-month follow-up were retrospectively evaluated. Exclusion criteria were complete absence ofcorpus spongiosum resulting in very thin distal urethra, moderate to severe ventral chordee or deep urethral platethat seemed to be better served by tubularization techniques...
December 8, 2016: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928237/effect-of-accelerated-artificial-aging-on-translucency-of-methacrylate-and-silorane-based-composite-resins
#3
Mehdi Shirinzad, Loghman Rezaei-Soufi, Maryam Sadat Mirtorabi, Farshid Vahdatinia
OBJECTIVES: Composite restorations must have tooth-like optical properties namely color and translucency and maintain them for a long time. This study aimed to compare the effect of accelerated artificial aging (AAA) on the translucency of three methacrylate-based composites (Filtek Z250, Filtek Z250XT and Filtek Z350XT) and one silorane-based composite resin (Filtek P90). MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this in vitro study, 56 composite discs were fabricated (n=14 for each group)...
March 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923163/waste-conversion-into-high-value-ceramics-carbothermal-nitridation-synthesis-of-titanium-nitride-nanoparticles-using-automotive-shredder-waste
#4
Mohannad Mayyas, Farshid Pahlevani, Samane Maroufi, Zhao Liu, Veena Sahajwalla
Environmental concern about automotive shredder residue (ASR) has increased in recent years due to its harmful content of heavy metals. Although several approaches of ASR management have been suggested, these approaches remain commercially unproven. This study presents an alternative approach for ASR management where advanced materials can be generated as a by-product. In this approach, titanium nitride (TiN) has been thermally synthesized by nitriding pressed mixture of automotive shredder residue (ASR) and titanium oxide (TiO2)...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905670/induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-as-a-new-getaway-for-bone-tissue-engineering-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Farshid Bastami, Pantea Nazeman, Hamidreza Moslemi, Maryam Rezai Rad, Kazem Sharifi, Arash Khojasteh
OBJECTIVES: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are frequently used for bone regeneration, however, they are limited in quantity. Moreover, their proliferation and differentiation capabilities reduce during cell culture expansion. Potential application of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) has been reported as a promising alternative source for bone regeneration. This study aimed to systematically review the available literature on osteogenic potential of iPSCs and to discuss methods applied to enhance their osteogenic potential...
December 1, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898330/catalytic-degradation-of-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-2-4-d-by-nano-fe2o3-activated-peroxymonosulfate-influential-factors-and-mechanism-determination
#6
Nematollah Jaafarzadeh, Farshid Ghanbari, Mehdi Ahmadi
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is one of the most applicable herbicides in the world. Therefore, its residue in aquatic environment threatens the human health and ecosystems. In this study, Fe2O3 (hematite) nanoparticles (HNPs) were synthesized, and the characteristics of the obtained HNPs were determined using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) technique, and particle size analyzer (PSA)...
November 26, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894777/efficacy-of-long-acting-octreotide-on-reducing-mucus-production-in-patients-with-ileal-neobladder
#7
Mohammad Hatef Khorrami, Amir Javid, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi, Farshid Alizadeh, Mahtab Zargham, Farbod Khorrami
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of long-acting-release octreotide (trade name Sandostatin) on decreasing mucus secretion, thus reducing catheter obstruction after radical cystectomy and orthotopic reconstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled study, we treated 73 cases of radical cystectomy between the years 2008 and 2014; 65 were deemed eligible for the study. Cases were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group A (n = 32) received 2 doses of 20 mg intramuscular long-acting-release octreotide 4 weeks before and on the day of surgery, while group B (n = 33) received placebo...
November 4, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894675/the-manifestation-of-vortical-and-secondary-flow-in-the-cerebral-venous-outflow-tract-an-in-vivo-mr-velocimetry-study
#8
Sarah Kefayati, Matthew Amans, Farshid Faraji, Megan Ballweber, Evan Kao, Sinyeob Ahn, Karl Meisel, Van Halbach, David Saloner
Aberrations in flow in the cerebral venous outflow tract (CVOT) have been implicated as the cause of several pathologic conditions including idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), multiple sclerosis (MS), and pulsatile tinnitus (PT). The advent of 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging (4D-flow MRI) has recently allowed researchers to evaluate blood flow patterns in the arterial structures with great success. We utilized similar imaging techniques and found several distinct flow characteristics in the CVOT of subjects with and without lumenal irregularities...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893553/healing-effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-peripheral-nerve-injuries
#9
Farshid Bastami, Peyman Vares, Arash Khojasteh
Regeneration of peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs) has been a major challenging issue in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. Inferior alveolar nerve and lingual nerve injuries are the major difficulties and complications of oral surgeries following dental implant placement, etc. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the regeneration of PNIs. Medline NCBI databases were searched for related articles up to and including May 2016. Being published in English papers, use of PRP in peripheral nerve regeneration, in vivo studies, and having histological evaluations was the inclusion criteria...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887812/chlorobenzene-degeradation-by-non-thermal-plasma-combined-with-eg-tio2-zno-as-a-photocatalyst-effect-of-photocatalyst-on-co2-selectivity-and-byproducts-reduction
#10
Farshid Ghorbani Shahna, Abdulrahman Bahrami, Iraj Alimohammadi, Rassuol Yarahmadi, Babak Jaleh, Mastaneh Gandomi, Hossein Ebrahimi, Kamal Ad-Din Abedi
The non-thermal plasma (NTP) technique, which suffers from low selectivity in complete oxidation of volatile organic compounds to CO2 and H2O, creates unwanted and harmful byproducts. NTP in concert with photocatalyst can resolve this limitation due to additional oxidation. TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles were coated on the surface of the expanded graphite and placed downstream of the NTP reactor under UV light. In this study, to compare the performance of NTP and the combined system, chlorobenzene removal, selectivity of CO2 and byproducts formation were investigated...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877001/retracted-article-evaluation-of-intestinal-parasites-among-referred-patients-report-of-4637-cases
#11
Ali Asgari, Mohammad Davood Sharifi, Hosein Amini Anabad, Amin Zamani Nughabi, Amir Farshid Fayyaz, Ali Akbar Jafari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872879/data-on-fe-ii-biosorption-onto-sargassum-hystrix-algae-obtained-from-the-persian-gulf-in-bushehr-port-iran
#12
Fatemeh Faraji Ghasemi, Sina Dobaradaran, Alireza Raeisi, Abdolhamid Esmaili, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi, Mozhgan Keshtkar, Sara Ghaderi Nasab, Farshid Soleimani
In this article, we used Sargassum hystrix algae as biosorbent for removal of Fe (II) from aqueous solutions that was collected along the Persian Gulf coastline, Bushehr, Iran. The concentration level of remaining Fe (II) in the samples was measured by using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS, Varian AA240, Australia). The isotherms, kinetics and modeling data of Fe (II) biosorption onto Sargassum hystrix were also presented.
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872612/systems-biomedicine-of-rabies-delineates-the-affected-signaling-pathways
#13
Sadegh Azimzadeh Jamalkandi, Sayed-Hamidreza Mozhgani, Hamid Gholami Pourbadie, Mehdi Mirzaie, Farshid Noorbakhsh, Behrouz Vaziri, Alireza Gholami, Naser Ansari-Pour, Mohieddin Jafari
The prototypical neurotropic virus, rabies, is a member of the Rhabdoviridae family that causes lethal encephalomyelitis. Although there have been a plethora of studies investigating the etiological mechanism of the rabies virus and many precautionary methods have been implemented to avert the disease outbreak over the last century, the disease has surprisingly no definite remedy at its late stages. The psychological symptoms and the underlying etiology, as well as the rare survival rate from rabies encephalitis, has still remained a mystery...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870038/variation-in-stability-of-elk-and-red-deer-populations-with-abiotic-and-biotic-factors-at-the-species-distribution-scale
#14
Farshid S Ahrestani, William K Smith, Mark Hebblewhite, Steven Running, Eric Post
Stability in population dynamics is an emergent property of the interaction between direct and delayed density dependence, the strengths of which vary with environmental covariates. Analysis of variation across populations in the strength of direct and delayed density dependence can reveal variation in stability properties of populations at the species level. We examined the stability properties of 22 elk/red deer populations in a two-stage analysis. First, we estimated direct and delayed density dependence applying an AR(2) model in a Bayesian hierarchical framework...
November 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847855/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-simple-shoulder-test-sst-questionnaire
#15
Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh, Ehsan Vahedi, Aslan Baradaran, Ali Birjandinejad, Seyyed-Hadi Seyyed-Hoseinian, Farshid Bagheri, Amir Reza Kachooei
BACKGROUND: To validate the Persian version of the simple shoulder test in patients with shoulder joint problems. METHODS: Following Beaton`s guideline, translation and back translation was conducted. We reached to a consensus on the Persian version of SST. To test the face validity in a pilot study, the Persian SST was administered to 20 individuals with shoulder joint conditions. We enrolled 148 consecutive patients with shoulder problem to fill the Persian SST, shoulder specific measure including Oxford shoulder score (OSS) and two general measures including DASH and SF-36...
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822139/retraction-note-to-diagnosis-classification-and-grading-of-canine-mammary-tumours-as-a-model-to-study-human-breast-cancer-an-clinico-cytohistopathological-study-with-environmental-factors-influencing-public-health-and-medicine
#16
Radmehr Shafiee, Javad Javanbakh, Nahid Atyabi, Pegah Kheradmand, Danial Kheradmand, Alimohammad Bahrami, Hasti Daraei, Farshid Khadivar
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1186/1475-2867-13-79.].
2016: Cancer Cell International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817084/retraction-note-to-improving-the-diagnosis-treatment-and-biology-patterns-of-feline-mammary-intraepithelial-lesions-a-potential-model-for-human-breast-masses-with-evidence-from-epidemiologic-and-cytohistopathologic-studies
#17
Javad Yaghoobi Yeganeh Manesh, Radmehr Shafiee, Behnam Pedram, Hamed Zamankhan Malayeri, Sheida Mohajer, Sharareh Ahmadi, Shirin Ahmadi, Javad Javanbakht, Aram Mokarizadeh, Farshid Khadivar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817077/retraction-note-to-downregulation-of-mir-148b-as-biomarker-for-early-detection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-may-serve-as-a-prognostic-marker
#18
Katayoun Ziari, Mojtaba Zarea, Masoumeh Gity, Amir Farshid Fayyaz, Emad Yahaghi, Ebrahim Khodaverdi Darian, Amir Masoud Hashemian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814773/retraction-note-metastatic-ovarian-papillary-cystadenocarcinoma-to-the-small-intestine-serous-surface-report-of-a-case-of-high-grade-histopathologic-malignancy
#19
Fariba Khaki, Javad Javanbakht, Samieh Sharifzad, Mohammad Javad Gharagozlou, Farshid Khadivar, Javad Yaghoobi Yeganeh Manesh, Seyed Hojjat Hosseini, Ali Anissian, Seyed Rashid Touni, Alireza Gilvari, Fatemeh Soghra Abdi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813662/matrix-metalloproteinase-activity-and-prostaglandin-e2-are-elevated-in-the-synovial-fluid-of-meniscus-tear-patients
#20
Betty Liu, Adam P Goode, Teralyn E Carter, Gangadhar M Utturkar, Janet L Huebner, Dean C Taylor, Claude T Moorman Iii, William E Garrett, Virginia B Kraus, Farshid Guilak, Louis E DeFrate, Amy L McNulty
PURPOSE: Meniscus tears are a common knee injury and are associated with the development of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study is to evaluate potential OA mediators in the synovial fluid and serum of meniscus tear subjects compared to those in the synovial fluid of radiographic non-OA control knees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen subjects with an isolated unilateral meniscus injury and six subjects who served as reference controls (knee Kellgren-Lawrence grade 0-1) were recruited...
November 4, 2016: Connective Tissue Research
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