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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923536/the-limbo-of-motherhood-women-s-experiences-of-major-challenges-to-cope-with-the-first-pregnancy
#1
Farzaneh Soltani, Azam Maleki, Fatemeh Shobeiri, Farshid Shamsaei, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
INTRODUCTION: pregnancy is a unique health experience which is influenced by various factors, particularly culture and social context. AIM OF STUDY: to explore women's perception regarding major challenges of adaptation with first pregnancy based on culture and social context. DESIGN: a qualitative content analysis was used for data gathering and analysis. Data were collected through unstructured in-depth interviews. SETTING: the study was conducted in public health clinics in Hamadan city, an urban area in southwest of Iran from July to December 2016...
August 30, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910692/conceptual-achievement-of-1gbq-activity-in-a-plasma-focus-driven-system
#2
Farshid Tabbakh, Seyed Mahmood Sadat Kiai, Mohammad Pashaei
This is an approach to evaluate the radioisotope production by means of typical dense plasma focus devices. The production rate of the appropriate positron emitters, F-18, N-13 and O-15 has been studied. The beam-target mechanism was simulated by GEANT4 Monte Carlo tool using QGSP_BIC and QGSP_INCLXX physic models as comparison. The results for positron emitters have been evaluated by reported experimental data and found conformity between simulations and experimental reports that leads to using this code as a reliable tool in optimizing the DPF driven systems for achieving to 1GBq activity of produced radioisotope...
August 23, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906016/cxcl10-is-upregulated-in-synovium-and-cartilage-following-articular-fracture
#3
Bridgette D Furman, Collin L Kent, Janet L Huebner, Virginia B Kraus, Amy L McNulty, Farshid Guilak, Steven A Olson
The objective of this study was to investigate the expression of the chemokine CXCL10 and its role in joint tissues following articular fracture. We hypothesized that CXCL10 is upregulated following articular fracture and contributes to cartilage degradation associated with post-traumatic arthritis (PTA). To evaluate CXCL10 expression following articular fracture, gene expression was quantified in synovial tissue from knee joints of C57BL/6 mice that develop PTA following articular fracture, and MRL/MpJ mice that are protected from PTA...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905171/pharmacist-intervention-acceptance-for-the-reduction-of-potentially-inappropriate-drug-prescribing-in-acute-psychiatry
#4
Sophia Hannou, Pierre Voirol, André Pannatier, Marie-Laure Weibel, Farshid Sadeghipour, Armin von Gunten, Jean-Frédéric Mall, Isabella De Giorgi Salamun
Background Prescribing for the elderly is challenging. A previous observational study conducted in our geriatric psychiatry admission unit (GPAU) using STOPP/START criteria showed a high number of potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions (PIDPs). A clinical pharmacist was added to our GPAU as a strategy to reduce PIDPs. Objective The objective of the present study was to assess the impact of a clinical pharmacist on PIDPs by measuring acceptance rates of pharmacist interventions (PhIs). Setting This study was conducted at the GPAU of Lausanne University Hospital...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904941/is-there-any-relationship-between-bladder-trabeculation-and-efficacy-and-safety-of-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-refractory-idiopathic-overactive-bladder-women
#5
Mahtab Zargham, Shideh Abedi, Farshid Alizadeh, Mohamad Hatef Khorami, Mehrdad Mohamadi, Faranak Bahrami, Farzaneh Sharifiaghdas, Hamid Mazdak
BACKGROUND: Intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) might serve as a minimally invasive substitute in patients with refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (RIOAB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes related to two different doses of abo-BTX-A (AboBTX-A) in patients with RIOAB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial was performed on 55 women with RIOAB. After determination of trabeculation grade, 300 (no or mild) or 500 (moderate or severe) unit of AboBTX-A (Dysport) was intravesicaly injected...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901675/sudden-cardiac-death-in-isolated-right-ventricular-hypertrabeculation-noncompaction-cardiomyopathy
#6
Soad Bekheit, Boutros Karam, Farshid Daneshvar, Julie Zaidan, Rabih Tabet, Jonathan Spagnola, James Lafferty
Hypertrabeculation/noncompaction of the myocardium is a rare disorder that involves most commonly the left ventricle of the heart and it has been recognized as a distinct cardiomyopathy by the World Health Organization. However, it is extremely rare for this condition to involve exclusively the right ventricle. We report the cases of three patients who presented with ventricular tachyarrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. They were found to have isolated right ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction on echocardiography...
September 12, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887985/cerium-oxide-nanoparticle-containing-poly-%C3%AE%C2%B5-caprolactone-gelatin-electrospun-film-as-a-potential-wound-dressing-material-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#7
Mahdi Naseri-Nosar, Saeed Farzamfar, Hamed Sahrapeyma, Sadegh Ghorbani, Farshid Bastami, Ahmad Vaez, Majid Salehi
In the present study, cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles were incorporated into poly (ε-caprolactone)/gelatin films in order to develop a potential wound dressing material. The wound dressings were prepared by electrospinning of poly (ε-caprolactone)/gelatin (1:1 (w/w)) solutions containing 1.50%, 3% and 6% (w/w) CeO2 nanoparticles. The electrospun films were evaluated regarding their morphology, contact angle, water-uptake capacity, water vapor transmission rate, tensile strength and cellular response. The film containing 1...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887050/genome-engineering-for-personalized-arthritis-therapeutics
#8
REVIEW
Shaunak S Adkar, Jonathan M Brunger, Vincent P Willard, Chia-Lung Wu, Charles A Gersbach, Farshid Guilak
Arthritis represents a family of complex joint pathologies responsible for the majority of musculoskeletal conditions. Nearly all diseases within this family, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis, are chronic conditions with few or no disease-modifying therapeutics available. Advances in genome engineering technology, most recently with CRISPR-Cas9, have revolutionized our ability to interrogate and validate genetic and epigenetic elements associated with chronic diseases such as arthritis...
September 5, 2017: Trends in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871328/selective-determination-of-mandelic-acid-in-urine-using-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-in-microextraction-by-packed-sorbent
#9
Esmaeel Soleimani, Abdulrahman Bahrami, Abbas Afkhami, Farshid Ghorbani Shahna
Mandelic acid (MA) is a major metabolite of ethylbenzene and styrene. For the first time, a selective, fast, and easy-to-use procedure was developed for the determination of MA in urine samples. The new procedure is based on MIMEPS, the combination of a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) and microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS). High-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV) was used for the separation and determination of MA. The bulk polymerization method was used to synthesize the MIP, and the MIP and non-imprinted polymer (NIP) were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
September 4, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865232/hyponatremia-bone-mineral-density-and-falls-in-the-elderly-results-from-ahap-study
#10
Seyed Reza Hosseini, Naghi Baghitabar, Ali Mirzapour, Farshid Oliaei, Hajighorban Nooreddini, Ali Bijani, Simin Mouodi
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia (HN) can be associated with osteoporosis, falls and bone fractures in the elderly. Recent researches demonstrated different results about the correlation of HN with bone mineral density and bone fractures. METHODS: This analytic research came from the AHAP project in northern IRAN. All people aged 60 years and over were included in the study. Individuals with severe comorbidities and them who had concurrent conditions which could have impact on bone mineral densities (BMD) such as long-term use of steroids, calcium and/or vitamin D supplements, bisphosphonates, calcitonin, thiazides and hormonal medications were excluded...
August 28, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855945/synthesis-and-antimicrobial-evaluation-of-some-2-5-disubstituted-1-3-4-oxadiazole-derivatives
#11
Elham Jafari, Tahereh Mohammadi, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi, Farshid Hassanzadeh
1,3,4-oxadiazoles are interesting compounds because of their valuable biological effects such as cytotoxic, antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-tubercular activities. Ethyl mandelate was treated with hydrazine hydrate to yield the corresponding acylhydrazide. Some of the 2,5 disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives were prepared from acylhydrazide using three different procedures. In the first procedure, acylhydrazide was reacted with nitro or chloro aroyle chloride to afford a diacylhydrazide which was cyclized to 2,5-disubstituted 1,3,4-oxadiazole in the presence of phosphoryl chloride as dehydrating agent...
August 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854401/post-icu-psychological-morbidity-in-very-long-icu-stay-patients-with-ards-and-delirium
#12
Farshid R Bashar, Amir Vahedian-Azimi, Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili, Mahmood Salesi, Behrooz Farzanegan, Seyedpouzhia Shojaei, Reza Goharani, Seyed J Madani, Kivan G Moghaddam, Sevak Hatamian, Hosseinali J Moghaddam, Seyed M M Mosavinasab, Elamin M Elamin, Andrew C Miller
PURPOSE: We investigated the impact of delirium on illness severity, psychological state, and memory in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients with very long ICU stay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study in the medical-surgical ICUs of 2 teaching hospitals. Very long ICU stay (>75days) and prolonged delirium (≥40days) thresholds were determined by ROC analysis. Subjects were ≥18years, full-code, and provided informed consent. Illness severity was assessed using Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation IV, Simplified Acute Physiology Score-3, and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842036/corrigendum-to-a-novel-dispersive-micro-solid-phase-extraction-using-zein-nanoparticles-as-the-sorbent-combined-with-headspace-solid-phase-micro-extraction-to-determine-chlorophenols-in-water-and-honey-samples-by-gc-ecd-talanta-128-1-october-2014-493-499
#13
Khalil Farhadi, Amir Abbas Matin, Hatam Amanzadeh, Pourya Biparva, Hossein Tajik, Amir Abbas Farshid, Hossein Pirkharrati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813803/application-of-support-vector-machines-in-detecting-hand-grasp-gestures-using-a-commercially-off-the-shelf-wireless-myoelectric-armband
#14
Farshid Amirabdollahian, Michael L Walters
The propose of this study was to assess the feasibility of using support vector machines in analysing myoelectric signals acquired using an off the shelf device, the Myo armband from Thalmic Lab, when performing hand grasp gestures. Participants (n = 26) took part in the study wearing the armband and producing a series of required gestures. Support vector machines were used to train a model using participant training values, and to classify gestures produced by the same participants. Different Kernel functions and electrode combinations were studied...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808650/comparison-of-two-treatment-methods-one-shot-and-sequential-on-reduction-the-level-of-hemoglobin-in-patients-with-percutaneous-nephrolithotripsy-in-al-zahra-hospital-in-2012-2013
#15
Mohammad Hatef Khorrami, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi, Mehrdad Mohammadi, Farshid Alizadeh, Mahtab Zargham, Farbod Khorrami, Felora Farahini Isfahani
BACKGROUND: Access dilation is the most important part of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) that is done by different methods, especially metal telescoping and one shot. In this study, two different methods of access dilation one shot and telescoping were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In observational cross-sectional study, 240 patients who were a candidate for PCNL were selected and randomly divided into two groups. The first group was undergone one-shot method and the second group was undergone telescoping method...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792751/transformation-of-structure-electrical-conductivity-and-magnetism-in-aa-fe2o6-%C3%AE-a-sr-ca-and-a-sr
#16
Ram Krishna Hona, Ashfia Huq, Suresh Mulmi, Farshid Ramezanipour
The ability to control electrical properties and magnetism by varying the crystal structure using the effect of the A-site cation in oxygen-deficient perovskites has been studied in AA'Fe2O6-δ, where A = Sr, Ca and A' = Sr. The structure of Sr2Fe2O6-δ, synthesized at 1250 °C in air, contains dimeric units of FeO5 square pyramids separated by FeO6 octahedra. Here we show that this ordering scheme can be transformed by changing the A-site cations from Sr to Ca. This leads to a structure where layers of corner-sharing FeO6 octahedra are separated by chains of FeO4 tetrahedra...
August 9, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777143/assessing-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-solid-tumors-a-practical-review-for-pathologists-and-proposal-for-a-standardized-method-from-the-international-immuno-oncology-biomarkers-working-group-part-2-tils-in-melanoma-gastrointestinal-tract-carcinomas-non
#17
Shona Hendry, Roberto Salgado, Thomas Gevaert, Prudence A Russell, Tom John, Bibhusal Thapa, Michael Christie, Koen van de Vijver, M V Estrada, Paula I Gonzalez-Ericsson, Melinda Sanders, Benjamin Solomon, Cinzia Solinas, Gert G G M Van den Eynden, Yves Allory, Matthias Preusser, Johannes Hainfellner, Giancarlo Pruneri, Andrea Vingiani, Sandra Demaria, Fraser Symmans, Paolo Nuciforo, Laura Comerma, E A Thompson, Sunil Lakhani, Seong-Rim Kim, Stuart Schnitt, Cecile Colpaert, Christos Sotiriou, Stefan J Scherer, Michail Ignatiadis, Sunil Badve, Robert H Pierce, Giuseppe Viale, Nicolas Sirtaine, Frederique Penault-Llorca, Tomohagu Sugie, Susan Fineberg, Soonmyung Paik, Ashok Srinivasan, Andrea Richardson, Yihong Wang, Ewa Chmielik, Jane Brock, Douglas B Johnson, Justin Balko, Stephan Wienert, Veerle Bossuyt, Stefan Michiels, Nils Ternes, Nicole Burchardi, Stephen J Luen, Peter Savas, Frederick Klauschen, Peter H Watson, Brad H Nelson, Carmen Criscitiello, Sandra O'Toole, Denis Larsimont, Roland de Wind, Giuseppe Curigliano, Fabrice André, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Mark van de Vijver, Federico Rojo, Giuseppe Floris, Shahinaz Bedri, Joseph Sparano, David Rimm, Torsten Nielsen, Zuzana Kos, Stephen Hewitt, Baljit Singh, Gelareh Farshid, Sibylle Loibl, Kimberly H Allison, Nadine Tung, Sylvia Adams, Karen Willard-Gallo, Hugo M Horlings, Leena Gandhi, Andre Moreira, Fred Hirsch, Maria V Dieci, Maria Urbanowicz, Iva Brcic, Konstanty Korski, Fabien Gaire, Hartmut Koeppen, Amy Lo, Jennifer Giltnane, Marlon C Rebelatto, Keith E Steele, Jiping Zha, Kenneth Emancipator, Jonathan W Juco, Carsten Denkert, Jorge Reis-Filho, Sherene Loi, Stephen B Fox
Assessment of the immune response to tumors is growing in importance as the prognostic implications of this response are increasingly recognized, and as immunotherapies are evaluated and implemented in different tumor types. However, many different approaches can be used to assess and describe the immune response, which limits efforts at implementation as a routine clinical biomarker. In part 1 of this review, we have proposed a standardized methodology to assess tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in solid tumors, based on the International Immuno-Oncology Biomarkers Working Group guidelines for invasive breast carcinoma...
August 2, 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777142/assessing-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-solid-tumors-a-practical-review-for-pathologists-and-proposal-for-a-standardized-method-from-the-international-immunooncology-biomarkers-working-group-part-1-assessing-the-host-immune-response-tils-in-invasive-breast
#18
Shona Hendry, Roberto Salgado, Thomas Gevaert, Prudence A Russell, Tom John, Bibhusal Thapa, Michael Christie, Koen van de Vijver, M V Estrada, Paula I Gonzalez-Ericsson, Melinda Sanders, Benjamin Solomon, Cinzia Solinas, Gert G G M Van den Eynden, Yves Allory, Matthias Preusser, Johannes Hainfellner, Giancarlo Pruneri, Andrea Vingiani, Sandra Demaria, Fraser Symmans, Paolo Nuciforo, Laura Comerma, E A Thompson, Sunil Lakhani, Seong-Rim Kim, Stuart Schnitt, Cecile Colpaert, Christos Sotiriou, Stefan J Scherer, Michail Ignatiadis, Sunil Badve, Robert H Pierce, Giuseppe Viale, Nicolas Sirtaine, Frederique Penault-Llorca, Tomohagu Sugie, Susan Fineberg, Soonmyung Paik, Ashok Srinivasan, Andrea Richardson, Yihong Wang, Ewa Chmielik, Jane Brock, Douglas B Johnson, Justin Balko, Stephan Wienert, Veerle Bossuyt, Stefan Michiels, Nils Ternes, Nicole Burchardi, Stephen J Luen, Peter Savas, Frederick Klauschen, Peter H Watson, Brad H Nelson, Carmen Criscitiello, Sandra O'Toole, Denis Larsimont, Roland de Wind, Giuseppe Curigliano, Fabrice André, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Mark van de Vijver, Federico Rojo, Giuseppe Floris, Shahinaz Bedri, Joseph Sparano, David Rimm, Torsten Nielsen, Zuzana Kos, Stephen Hewitt, Baljit Singh, Gelareh Farshid, Sibylle Loibl, Kimberly H Allison, Nadine Tung, Sylvia Adams, Karen Willard-Gallo, Hugo M Horlings, Leena Gandhi, Andre Moreira, Fred Hirsch, Maria V Dieci, Maria Urbanowicz, Iva Brcic, Konstanty Korski, Fabien Gaire, Hartmut Koeppen, Amy Lo, Jennifer Giltnane, Marlon C Rebelatto, Keith E Steele, Jiping Zha, Kenneth Emancipator, Jonathan W Juco, Carsten Denkert, Jorge Reis-Filho, Sherene Loi, Stephen B Fox
Assessment of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in histopathologic specimens can provide important prognostic information in diverse solid tumor types, and may also be of value in predicting response to treatments. However, implementation as a routine clinical biomarker has not yet been achieved. As successful use of immune checkpoint inhibitors and other forms of immunotherapy become a clinical reality, the need for widely applicable, accessible, and reliable immunooncology biomarkers is clear. In part 1 of this review we briefly discuss the host immune response to tumors and different approaches to TIL assessment...
September 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774841/antibacterial-glass-ionomer-cement-restorative-materials-a-critical-review-on-the-current-status-of-extended-release-formulations
#19
REVIEW
Tahereh Mohammadi Hafshejani, Ali Zamanian, Jayarama Reddy Venugopal, Zahra Rezvani, Farshid Sefat, Mohammad Reza Saeb, Henri Vahabi, Payam Zarrintaj, Masoud Mozafari
Glass-ionomer cements (GICs) have been widely used for over forty years, because of their desirable properties in dentistry. The most important advantages of the GICs are associated with their ability to release long-term antimicrobial agents. However, GICs used as restorative materials have still lots of challenges due to their secondary caries and low mechanical properties. Recent studies showed that the fluoride-releasing activity of conventional GICs is inadequate for effectual antibacterial conservation in many cases...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773053/biosynthetic-pcl-graft-collagen-bulk-material-for-tissue-engineering-applications
#20
Piergiorgio Gentile, Kegan McColgan-Bannon, Nicolò Ceretto Gianone, Farshid Sefat, Kenneth Dalgarno, Ana Marina Ferreira
Biosynthetic materials have emerged as one of the most exciting and productive fields in polymer chemistry due to their widespread adoption and potential applications in tissue engineering (TE) research. In this work, we report the synthesis of a poly(ε-caprolactone)-graft-collagen (PCL-g-Coll) copolymer. We combine its good mechanical and biodegradable PCL properties with the great biological properties of type I collagen as a functional material for TE. PCL, previously dissolved in dimethylformamide/dichloromethane mixture, and reacted with collagen using carbodiimide coupling chemistry...
June 23, 2017: Materials
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