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Seyyede Zohreh Ziatabar Ahmadi, Saeid Mahmoudian, Hasan Ashayeri, Farshid Allaeddini, Mohammad Farhadi
OBJECTIVE: Auditory phoneme discrimination is a basic and important prerequisite for acquiring speech, reading, and spelling skills. Children, who are unable to perceive auditory phoneme discrimination, cannot develop phonemic representations. Therefore, the early identification of these deficits and application of effective therapeutic approaches is a necessity. We need to assess appropriately word or sound discrimination in normal populations using an objective passive task such as mismatch negativity (MMN)...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Mahbobeh Sajadi, Zohreh Gholami, Davood Hekmatpour, Parvin Soltani, Farshid Haghverdi
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of cold dialysis on fatigue in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a double-blinded cross-over clinical trial, 46 participants were recruited from a hemodialysis unit in Iran. The participants were allocated into 2 groups through simple random sampling method. Each group received 3 sessions of hemodialysis with a dialysis solution temperature of either 37°C 3 or 35.5°C during the first week and then with for another week with the other temperature...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Parvin Soltani, Pardis Ketabi Moghaddam, Farshid Haghverdi, Ali Cheraghi
INTRODUCTION:  C-reactive protein (CRP) is increased among patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Such inflammatory markers can result in protein-energy deficit syndromes and low adequacy of dialysis in these patients. This study evaluated the effect of pentoxifylline on serum CRP level and KT/V in end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This 1-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial involving 73 patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis assessed the effectiveness of 400 mg/d of pentoxifylline on serum CRP level decrease and improvement of dialysis adequacy...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Shahnawaz Molla, Laura Magro, Farshid Mostowfi
A microfluidic technique for measuring wax appearance temperature (WAT) of reservoir fluids is presented. The technique is based on continuous monitoring of pressure across a microchannel as wax particles are deposited and gradually clog the channel. A rapid pressure increase was observed as the temperature was systematically decreased to wax appearance temperature. The relationship between pressure change rate and sample temperature is explored as the working principle in the proposed WAT measurement technique...
September 21, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Farshid Soleimani, Sina Dobaradaran, Abdolreza Hayati, Maryam Khorsand, Mozhgan Keshtkar
In this article, we determined the concentration levels of metals including Zn, Al, Sr, and Co and metalloid of As of ballast water in commercial ships entering Bushehr port, along the Persian Gulf. Ballast water samples were taken from commercial ships entering Bushehr port from 34 ports around the world during 15 February and 25 August 2016. The concentration levels of metals and metalloid were determined by using a graphite furnace absorption spectrometer (AAS).
December 2016: Data in Brief
Jaleh Varshosaz, Farshid Hassanzadeh, Hojat Sadeghi Aliabadi, Fatemeh Rabbani Khoraskani, Mina Mirian, Behshid Behdadfar
The novel dual targeted nanoparticles loaded with doxorubicin (DOX) and magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were prepared for treatment of breast cancer. Nanoparticles were produced by a layer-by-layer technique and functionalized with a bioconjugate of chitosan-poly(methyl vinyl ether maleic acid)(PMVMA)-LHRH to target LHRH receptors. The successful production of chitosan-PMVMA copolymer and its conjugation to LHRH was confirmed by FTIR and (1)HNMR spectroscopy. Capillary electrophoresis analysis showed 72.51% LHRH conjugation efficiency...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Farshid Parvini, M Dolores Sicardo, Mehdi Hosseini-Mazinani, Jose M Martinez-Rivas, M Luisa Hernandez
The specific contribution of different stearoyl-ACP desaturase (SAD) genes to the oleic acid content in olive (Olea europaea) fruit has been studied. Towards that end, we isolated three distinct cDNA clones encoding three SAD isoforms from olive (cv. Picual), as revealed by sequence analysis. The expression levels of olive SAD genes were determined in different tissues from Picual and Arbequina cultivars, including developing mesocarp and seed, together with the unsaturated fatty acid content. Lipid and gene expression analysis indicate that OeSAD2 seems to be the main gene contributing to the oleic acid content of the olive fruit and, therefore, of the virgin olive oil...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Soran Kamari, Farshid Ghorbani
The magnetic mesoporous silica of magMCM-41 with large surface area (695 m(2) g(-1)) and high magnetization (10.79 emu g(-1)) was synthesized using extracted amorphous silica from rice husk. The synthesized materials were applied for adsorption of Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution in batch operation systems. A highly selective adsorbent was obtained by grafting 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane on the pores of the magMCM-41 in which the adsorption capacity of Cd(II) ions increased from 41.8 to 86 mg g(-1), under the same conditions...
October 6, 2016: Environmental Technology
Farhad Ghamari, Abdulrahman Bahrami, Yadollah Yamini, Farshid Ghorbani Shahna, Abbas Moghimbeigi
For the first time, hollow-fiber liquid-phase microextraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet was used to extract trans,trans-muconic acid, in urine samples of workers who had been exposed to benzene. The parameters affecting the metabolite extraction were optimized as follows: the volume of sample solution was 11 mL with pH 2, liquid membrane containing dihexyl ether as the supporter, 15% (w/v) of trioctylphosphine oxide as the carrier, the time of extraction was 120 minutes, and stirring rate was 500 rpm...
2016: Analytical Chemistry Insights
Mohammad Hossein Jarahzadeh, Sina Taghizadeh Harati, Hamideh Babaeizadeh, Elahe Yasaei, Farshid Rahimi Bashar
BACKGROUND: Post-surgical pain is a physiological response to tissue trauma that produces unpleasant physiological effects with manifestations on various organic systems. OBJECTIVE: According to the effect of magnesium sulfate on the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, this study examined the effect of magnesium sulfate on the reduction of pain and the mean amount of narcotics consumed by patients after abdominal hysterectomies. METHODS: This double-blind clinical trial study was performed on 60 patients who had undergone abdominal hysterectomies in Shahid Sadoughi Hospital in Yazd, Iran, from 2013 to 2015...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
Saeideh Jafarinejad-Farsangi, Ali Farazmand, Farhad Gharibdoost, Elham Karimizadeh, Farshid Noorbakhsh, Habibeh Faridani, Mahdi Mahmoudi, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi
BACKGROUND: Prolonged activation of dermal fibroblasts is the main cause of progressive fibrosis in systemic sclerosis (SSc). It seems that inhibition of apoptosis in SSc fibroblasts deregulates fibrosis. MicroRNA-21 (miR-21) is a pro-fibrotic factor with high expression in lesional areas of SSc skin and fibroblasts. METHODS: The effects of miR-21 on expression of Bcl-2 and Bax, two apoptotic genes, in dermal fibroblasts of SSc patients were evaluated using real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis...
November 2016: International Journal of Dermatology
Ahmad Farshid, Simon O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
Farshid Daryabor, See Hai Ooi, Azizan Abu Samah, Abolghasem Akbari
A three-dimensional Regional Ocean Modelling System is used to study the tidal characteristics and their dynamics in the Sunda Shelf of the southern South China Sea. In this model, the outer domain is set with a 25 km resolution and the inner one, with a 9 km resolution. Calculations are performed on the inner domain. The model is forced at the sea surface by climatological monthly mean wind stress, freshwater (evaporation minus precipitation), and heat fluxes. Momentum and tracers (such as temperature and salinity) are prescribed in addition to the tidal heights and currents extracted from the Oregon State University TOPEX/Poseidon Global Inverse Solution (TPXO7...
2016: PloS One
Arash Khojasteh, Farahnaz Fahimipour, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Mohammad Jafarian, Shahrbanoo Jahangir, Farshid Bastami, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Akbar Karkhaneh, Lobat Tayebi
Bone tissue engineering is sought to apply strategies for bone defects healing without limitations and short-comings of using either bone autografts or allografts and xenografts. The aim of this study was to fabricate a thin layer poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) coated beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) scaffold with sustained release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). PLGA coating increased compressive strength of the β-TCP scaffolds significantly. For in vitro evaluations, canine mesenchymal stem cells (cMSCs) and canine endothelial progenitor cells (cEPCs) were isolated and characterized...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Farshid Keivanian, Nasser Mehrshad, Abolfazl Bijari
BACKGROUND: D Flip-Flop as a digital circuit can be used as a timing element in many sophisticated circuits. Therefore the optimum performance with the lowest power consumption and acceptable delay time will be critical issue in electronics circuits. FINDINGS: The newly proposed Dual-Edge Triggered Static D Flip-Flop circuit layout is defined as a multi-objective optimization problem. For this, an optimum fuzzy inference system with fuzzy rules is proposed to enhance the performance and convergence of non-dominated sorting Genetic Algorithm-II by adaptive control of the exploration and exploitation parameters...
2016: SpringerPlus
Robert Chan, Ana R Sousa, Stephen Mallett, Peter Hynds, Farshid Homayoun-Valiani, Maggie Tabberer, Rashmi Mehta
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, there is a need for access to affordable inhaled respiratory medicines. This study tested the clinical non-inferiority of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol combination (FSC) 50/250 μg Rotacaps(®)/Rotahaler(®) compared with FSC 50/250 μg Diskus(®). METHODS: A multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, double-dummy study evaluated 12 weeks, twice daily treatment of FSC 50/250 μg administered using Rotacaps/Rotahaler or Diskus inhaler in a crossover design in patients with asthma (pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) 40%-85% of predicted, FEV1 reversibility ≥12%, prior stable dose with inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) or ICS/long acting beta-agonist)...
September 3, 2016: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Farshid Dayyani, Amado J Zurita, Graciela M Nogueras-González, Rebecca Slack, Randall E Millikan, John C Araujo, Gary E Gallick, Christopher J Logothetis, Paul G Corn
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that pretreatment serum levels of insulin and other serum markers would predict Progression-free survival (PFS), defined as time to castration-resistant progression or death, in metastatic androgen-dependent prostate cancer (mADPC). METHODS: Serum samples from treatment-naïve men participating in a randomized phase 3 trial of ADT +/- chemotherapy were retrospectively analyzed using multiplex assays for insulin and multiple other soluble factors...
2016: BMC Cancer
Adrienne L Morey, Belinda Brown, Gelareh Farshid, Stephen B Fox, Glenn D Francis, Glenda McCue, Vita von Neumann-Cosel, Michael Bilous
Appropriate and accurate determination of HER2 status in women with breast cancer is critical for stratifying anti-HER2 therapies, and for access to subsidised treatment in the Australian setting. We conducted a regulated, nationwide program providing HER2 in situ hybridisation (ISH) testing for patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer. Cases with equivocal or non-diagnostic ISH test results at the local laboratory were sent to a high volume central testing laboratory for analysis using fluorescence ISH (FISH)...
October 2016: Pathology
Naser Osanloo, Akram Najafi-Abedi, Fatemeh Jafari, Farshid Javid, Mohsen Pirpiran, Mohammad-Reza Memar Jafari, Seyed Ali Mousavi Khosravi, Mohammad Rahimzadeh Behzadi, Mina Ranjbaran, Hedayat Sahraei
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the most frequent psychiatric disorders in the world with occurs with higher incidence in women. In the present study, the effect of water-alcoholic extract of Papaver rhoeas L. on forced swimming test (FST) in Swiss-Webster mice were examined. METHODS: We used Swiss-Webster mice (20-25 g) to execute FST on them. The plant extract (1, 10, 30, and 100 mg/kg) was injected to the animals 30 minutes before each session. Fluoxetine (20 mg/kg) was used as standard antidepressant drug...
July 2016: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
Mohammad Halimi, Ahmad Shahabi, Dariush Moslemi, Hadi Parsian, S Mohsen Asghari, Reyhaneh Sariri, Farshid Yeganeh, Ebrahim Zabihi
Radiation exposure in industrial accidents or nuclear device attacks is a major public health concern. There is an urgent need for markers that rapidly identify people exposed to ionizing radiation (IR). Finding a blood-based marker is advantageous because of the ease of sample collection. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that serum miR-34a could serve as an indicator of exposure to IR. Therefore, 44 women with breast cancer, where radiotherapy was part of their therapeutic protocol, were investigated in this study...
August 25, 2016: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
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