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Jasmine Rae Frost, Oladunni Olanubi, Stephen Ka-Hon Cheng, Andrea Soriano, Leandro Crisostomo, Alennie Lopez, Peter Pelka
Human adenovirus infects terminally differentiated cells and to replicate it must induce S-phase. The chief architects that drive adenovirus-infected cells into S-phase are the E1A proteins, with 5 different isoforms expressed during infection. E1A remodels the infected cell by associating with cellular factors and modulating their activity. The C-terminus of E1A is known to bind to only a handful of proteins. We have identified a novel E1A C-terminus binding protein, Ku70 (XRCC6), which was found to bind directly within the CR4 of E1A from human adenovirus type 5...
October 18, 2016: Virology
Peter Haberz, Munehito Arai, Maria A Martinez-Yamout, H Jane Dyson, Peter E Wright
Many viruses deregulate the cell and force transcription of viral genes by competing with cellular proteins for binding to the transcriptional co-activators CREB-binding protein (CBP) and p300. Through its interactions with CBP/p300 and the retinoblastoma protein, the adenovirus (AdV) early region 1A (E1A) oncoprotein hijacks the cell cycle and, in rodents, transforms the cell; the mechanistic and structural basis for these effects remain unclear. In this study we compare the affinity of protein constructs from the E1A proteins from two adenovirus serotypes, non-oncogenic AdV5 and highly oncogenic AdV12, for binding to the nuclear receptor coactivator binding domain (NCBD) of CBP...
October 4, 2016: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Tobias A Popp, Cynthia Tallant, Catherine Rogers, Oleg Fedorov, Paul E Brennan, Susanne Müller, Stefan Knapp, Franz Bracher
CBP (CREB (cAMP responsive element binding protein) binding protein (CREBBP)) and P300 (adenovirus E1A-associated 300 kDa protein) are two closely related histone acetyltransferases (HATs) that play a key role in the regulation of gene transcription. Both proteins contain a bromodomain flanking the HAT catalytic domain that is important for the targeting of CBP/P300 to chromatin and which offeres an opportunity for the development of protein-protein interaction inhibitors. Here we present the development of CBP/P300 bromodomain inhibitors with 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1,4-benzoxazepine backbone, an N-acetyl-lysine mimetic scaffold that led to the recent development of the chemical probe I-CBP112...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Ling-Jun Zhao, Paul M Loewenstein, Maurice Green
The adenovirus E1A 243R oncoprotein targets TRRAP, a scaffold protein that assembles histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complexes, such as the NuA4/Tip60 complex which mediates transcriptional activity of the proto-oncogene MYC and helps determine the cancer cell phenotype. How E1A transforms cells through TRRAP remains obscure. We performed proteomic analysis with the N-terminal transcriptional repression domain of E1A 243R (E1A 1-80) and showed that E1A 1-80 interacts with TRRAP, p400, and three other members of the NuA4 complex - DMAP1, RUVBL1 and RUVBL2 - not previously shown to associate with E1A 243R...
September 21, 2016: Virology
Jie Shi, Shengjun Fu, Li Wang, Yan Tao, Ronald Rodriguez, Zhiping Wang
Our previous work confirmed that the bladder cancer-specific oncolytic adenovirus Ad/PSCAE/UPII/E1A could selectively replicate in bladder cancer cells, thus causing specific tumor cell lysis. The replicative potential is a crucial factor in determining the therapeutic efficacy of oncolytic adenoviruses. However, viral replication is attenuated by the low-activity promoter that we used, thus compromising viral cytotoxicity. In this study, we investigated the effect of the cell cycle-dependent kinase inhibitor p21/Waf-1 on an adenovirus...
September 12, 2016: Anti-cancer Drugs
Hongjuan Zhang, Fang Wang, Chunjie Mao, Zuncheng Zhang, Shengjun Fu, Jianzhong Lu, Zhenxing Zhai, Renju Li, Shuwen Li, Ron Rodriguez, Zhiping Wang
PURPOSE: Gene therapy combined with radiation has shown promising potential for the treatment of tumors. This paper aimed to clarify the synergistic effect of radiotherapy combined with the bladder cancer tissue-specific oncolytic adenovirus (Ad-PSCAE-UPII-E1A) on bladder cancer cells and to study the underlying synergy mechanisms of the combined treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Adenovirus carrying E1A under control of UPII promoter and prostate stem cell antigen enhancer (PSCAE) were successfully constructed...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Chih-Ming Su, Ting-Yu Chang, Hui-Ping Hsu, Hui-Huang Lai, Jie-Ning Li, Yu-Jhen Lyu, Kuang-Tai Kuo, Ming-Te Huang, Jen-Liang Su, Pai-Sheng Chen
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is commonly overexpressed in breast cancer and is associated with poor clinical outcomes; however, an increasing number of patients have shown a poor effective response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI). Here, we found that AXL expression was positively correlated with poor progression in breast cancer patients. Suppression of AXL by an anti-tumor protein, E1A, enhanced EGFR-TKI (gefitinib, erlotinib and lapatinib) sensitization, resulting in significant inhibition of tumor growth in breast cancer cells...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Asita Elengoe, Salehhuddin Hamdan
In this study, we explored the possibility of determining the synergistic interactions between nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) of Homo sapiens heat-shock 70 kDa protein (Hsp70) and E1A 32 kDa of adenovirus serotype 5 motif (PNLVP) in the efficiency of killing of tumor cells in cancer treatment. At present, the protein interaction between NBD and PNLVP motif is still unknown, but believed to enhance the rate of virus replication in tumor cells. Three mutant models (E229V, H225P and D230C) were built and simulated, and their interactions with PNLVP motif were studied...
August 12, 2016: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
Ya-Fang Mei, Haidong Wu, Kjell Hultenby, Jim Silver
Conventional adenovirus vectors harboring E1 or E3 deletions followed by the insertion of an exogenous gene show considerably reduced virion stability. Here, we report strategies to generate complete replication-competent Ad11p(RCAd11p) vectors that overcome the above disadvantage. A GFP cassette was successfully introduced either upstream of E1A or in the E3A region. The resulting vectors showed high expression levels of the hexon and E1genes and also strongly induced the cytopathic effect in targeted cells...
October 2016: Virology
Tomáš Hošek, Eduardo O Calçada, Marcela Oliveira Nogueira, Michele Salvi, Talita Duarte Pagani, Isabella C Felli, Roberta Pierattelli
The small-DNA human adenovirus encodes one of the most versatile molecular hubs, the E1A protein. This protein is essential for productive viral infection in human cells and a vast amount of biologically relevant data are available on its interactions with host proteins. Up to now, however, no high-resolution structural and dynamic information on E1A is available despite its important biological role. Among the different spliced variants of E1A, two are expressed at high level in the early stage of infection...
September 5, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Subhasree Basu, Thibaut Barnoud, Che-Pei Kung, Matthew Reiss, Maureen E Murphy
The TP53 protein is known to affect the sensitivity of tumor cells to cell death by DNA damaging agents. We recently reported that human and mouse cells containing an African-specific coding region variant of p53, Pro47Ser (hereafter S47), are impaired in the transactivation of a small subset of p53 target genes including GLS2 and SCO2, and are markedly resistant to cisplatin. Further, mice containing this variant are markedly predisposed to cancer. Together these findings suggested that cancer-affected humans with the S47 variant might not be effectively treated with cisplatin...
October 2016: Cell Cycle
Jiao Zhou, Qiu-Mei Yao, Jin-Lan Li, Yan Chang, Ting Li, Wen-Ling Han, Hong-Ping Wu, Lin-Fang Li, Qi-Jun Qian, Guo-Rui Ruan
V-set and transmembrane domain-containing 1 (VSTM1), which is downregulated in bone marrow cells from leukemia patients, may provide a diagnostic and treatment target. Here, a triple-regulated oncolytic adenovirus was constructed to carry a VSTM1 gene expression cassette, SG611-VSTM1, and contained the E1a gene with a 24-nucleotide deletion within the CR2 region under control of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter, E1b gene directed by the hypoxia response element, and VSTM1 gene controlled by the cytomegalovirus promoter...
October 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Xiangfei Yuan, Qing Zhang, Zhenzhen Li, Xiaolong Zhang, Shiqi Bao, Dongmei Fan, Yongxin Ru, Shuxu Dong, Yizhi Zhang, Yanjun Zhang, Zhou Ye, Dongsheng Xiong
Currently, it is a key challenge to remove the postsurgical residuals and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Oncolytic adenoviral virotherapy is an attractive treatment modality for cancer; however, the difficulty remains regarding its intravenous administration. The aim of this study was to develop a targeted therapeutic system which has great potential to overcome the postsurgical residuals and metastasis of HCC. In this system, we developed a conditionally replicative adenovirus (CRAd) loaded on human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUMSCs), in which the CRAd contained an adenovirus E1A gene dual regulated by α-fetoprotein promoter and microRNA-122 target sequence...
October 10, 2016: Cancer Letters
Chad V Kuny, Robert F Kalejta
UNLABELLED: Viral DNA replication requires deoxyribonucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs). These molecules, which are found at low levels in noncycling cells, are generated either by salvage pathways or through de novo synthesis. Nucleotide synthesis utilizes the activity of a series of nucleotide-biosynthetic enzymes (NBEs) whose expression is repressed in noncycling cells by complexes between the E2F transcription factors and the retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor. Rb-E2F complexes are dissociated and NBE expression is activated during cell cycle transit by cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)-mediated Rb phosphorylation...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Virology
Ling-Jun Zhao, Paul M Loewenstein, Maurice Green
Human cancers frequently arise from increased expression of proto-oncogenes, such as MYC and HER2. Understanding the cellular pathways regulating the transcription and expression of proto-oncogenes is important for targeted therapies for cancer treatment. Adenoviral (Ad) E1A 243R (243 aa residues) is a viral oncoprotein that interacts with key regulators of gene transcription and cell proliferation. We have shown previously that the 80 amino acid N-terminal transcriptional repression domain of E1A 243R (E1A 1-80) can target the histone acetyltransferase (HAT) p300 and repress HER2 in the HER2-overexpressing human breast cancer cell line SKBR3...
March 2016: Genes & Cancer
Jun-Feng Ye, Yuan-Qiang Lin, Xiu-Hua Yu, Ming-Yuan Liu, Yang Li
The effective antitumor immune responses are dependent on coordinate interaction of various effector cells. Thus, the combination of adoptive immunotherapy and target gene therapy is capable of efficiently generating a productive antitumor immune response. We investigated whether combination of cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells adoptive immunotherapy and CCL21/IL15 armed oncolytic adenovirus could induce the enhanced antitumor activity. The CCL21/IL15 co-expression oncolytic adenoviruses were constructed by using the AdEasy system, which uses homologous recombination with shuttle plasmids and full length Ad backbones...
September 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Yuan Dongliu, Yang Guoliang, Xu Haocheng, Qing Shuaijia, Bing Li, Jia Yanglei
This study reports an outbreak of acute febrile respiratory illness caused by human adenovirus B [P14H11F14] in a military training center in China between May and June 2014. In total, 164 military personnel were affected, and two patients were admitted into the intensive care unit of the military regional central hospital. A HAdV-B [P14H11F14] virus was confirmed as the etiological pathogen of this acute outbreak of febrile respiratory illness based on clinical manifestations, epidemiological characteristics, specific molecular detection results, phylogenetic analysis, and serological assays...
September 2016: Archives of Virology
Ahmad Mohammad Ashshi, Adel Galal El-Shemi, Igor P Dmitriev, Elena A Kashentseva, David T Curiel
BACKGROUND: A major hurdle incurrent to the human clinical application of conditionally replicative adenovirus (CRAd)-based virotherapy agents is their limited therapeutic efficacy. In this study we evaluated whether arming our previously reported Ad5/3Δ24 CRAd vector containing a 24-base pair deletion in the E1A conserved region 2, which allows selective replication within Rb-p16-deficient tumor cells, to express therapeutic genes could improve oncolytic virus potency in ovarian cancer cells...
2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
Lin Fang, Qian Cheng, Jingjing Zhao, Yan Ge, Qi Zhu, Min Zhao, Jie Zhang, Qi Zhang, Liantao Li, Junjie Liu, Junnian Zheng
The conserved regions (CR) of adenoviral E1A had been shown to be necessary for disruption of pRb-E2F transcription factor complexes and induction of the S phase. Here we constructed a mutant adenoviral E1A with Rb-binding ability absent (E1A 30-60aa and 120-127aa deletion, mE1A) and investigated its antitumor capacities in vitro and in vivo. The mE1A suppressed the viability of tumor cells as efficiently as the wild type E1A, and there was no cytotoxic effect on normal cells. Although the mE1A arrested tumor cell cycle with the same manner as E1A, the former played a different role on cell cycle regulation compared with E1A in normal cells, which might contribute to its selective antitumor activity...
June 22, 2016: Oncotarget
Jie Liu, Yanmei Qi, Shaohua Li, Shu-Chan Hsu, Siavash Saadat, June Hsu, Saum A Rahimi, Leonard Y Lee, Chenghui Yan, Xiaoxiang Tian, Yanling Han
Understanding the regulation of cell-cell interactions during the formation of compact myocardial structures is important for achieving true cardiac regeneration through enhancing the integration of stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes into the recipient myocardium. In this study, we found that cellular repressor of E1A-stimulated genes 1 (CREG1) is highly expressed in both embryonic and adult hearts. Gain- and loss-of-function analyses demonstrated that CREG1 is required for differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cell into cardiomyocytes and the formation of cohesive myocardium-like structures in a cell autonomous fashion...
June 22, 2016: Stem Cells
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