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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443178/driving-safety-after-spinal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Abduljabbar Alhammoud, Kenan Alkhalili, Jack Hannallah, Bashar Ibeche, Sohail Bajammal, Abdul Moeen Baco
This study aimed to assess driving reaction times (DRTs) after spinal surgery to establish a timeframe for safe resumption of driving by the patient postoperatively. The MEDLINE and Google Scholar databases were analyzed according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) Statement for clinical studies that investigated changes in DRTs following cervical and lumbar spinal surgery. Changes in DRTs and patients' clinical presentation, pathology, anatomical level affected, number of spinal levels involved, type of intervention, pain level, and driving skills were assessed...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443172/does-discontinuing-teriparatide-treatment-and-replacing-it-with-bisphosphonate-maintain-the-volume-of-the-bone-fusion-mass-after-lumbar-posterolateral-fusion-in-women-with-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#2
Seiji Ohtori, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Yawara Eguchi, Yasuchika Aoki, Junichi Nakamura, Miyako Suzuki, Gou Kubota, Kazuhide Inage, Yasuhiro Shiga, Koki Abe, Kazuki Fujimoto, Hirohito Kanamoto, Masahiro Inoue, Hideyuki Kinoshita, Takeo Furuya, Masao Koda
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether discontinuing teriparatide treatment and replacing it with bisphosphonate treatment maintains the volume of the fusion mass after posterolateral fusion (PLF) in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Clinical data support the efficacy of parathyroid hormone (PTH) for lumbar PLF. However, the use of PTH is limited to 2 years...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443167/elderly-patients-achieving-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-comparable-with-those-of-younger-patients-following-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#3
Joshi Nikhil N, Joel Wei-An Lim, William Yeo, Wai-Mun Yue
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospective database. PURPOSE: To compare 2-year clinical and radiological outcomes after minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) among "middle-age" (50-64.99 years), "young-old" (65-74.99 years), and "old-old" (>75 years) patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Owing to higher perioperative morbidity and mortality rates, elderly patients with degenerative lumbar conditions are occasionally denied surgical care, even after conservative treatment failure...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443165/long-term-outcomes-of-in-situ-fusion-for-treating-dysplastic-spondylolisthesis
#4
Kazuhide Inage, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Yoshihiro Sakuma, Go Kubota, Yasuhiro Oikawa, Takeshi Sainoh, Jun Sato, Kazuki Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Shiga, Koki Abe, Hirohito Kanamoto, Masahiro Inoue, Hideyuki Kinoshita, Masaki Norimoto, Tomotaka Umimura, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, observational, single-center study. PURPOSE: To investigate the long-term outcomes of in situ fusion procedures for treating dysplastic spondylolisthesis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: In situ fusion performed in patients with dysplastic spondylolisthesis avoids the development of nerve complications. METHODS: In total, 12 of 28 patients who underwent in situ fusion for treating dysplastic spondylolisthesis at Chiba University Hospital from 1974 to 2004 were followed up in August 2013...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443164/single-level-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-provides-sustained-improvements-in-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-up-to-5-years-postoperatively-in-patients-with-neurogenic-symptoms-secondary-to-spondylolisthesis
#5
Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Priyesh Dhoke, Kae-Sian Tay, William Yeo, Wai-Mun Yue
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective registry data. PURPOSE: To determine 5-year clinical and radiological outcomes of single-level instrumented minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) in patients with neurogenic symptoms secondary to spondylolisthesis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: MIS-TLIF and open approaches have been shown to yield comparable outcomes. This is the first study to assess MIS-TLIF outcomes using the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) criterion...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441309/trends-complications-and-costs-for-hospital-admission-and-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#6
Gustavo C Machado, Chris G Maher, Paulo H Ferreira, Ian A Harris, Richard A Deyo, Damien McKay, Qiang Li, Manuela L Ferreira
STUDY DESIGN: Population based health record linkage study. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in hospital admissions and surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis, as well as complications and resource use in Australia. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In the United States, rates of decompression surgery have declined, whereas those of fusion have increased. It is unclear whether this trend is also happening elsewhere. METHODS: We included patients 18 years and older admitted to a hospital in New South Wales between 2003-2013, who were diagnosed with lumbar spinal stenosis...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441307/90-day-readmission-after-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-in-new-york-state-between-2005-and-2014-a-10-year-analysis-of-a-statewide-cohort
#7
Ali A Baaj, Gernot Lang, Wei-Chun Hsu, Mauricio J Avila, Jialin Mao, Art Sedrakyan
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To assess 90-day readmission and evaluate risk factors associated with readmission after lumbar fusion in New York State. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Readmission is becoming an important metric for quality and efficiency of healthcare. Readmission and its predictors following spine surgery are overall poorly understood and limited evidence is available specifically in lumbar fusion. METHODS: The New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPACRS) was utilized to capture patients undergoing lumbar fusion from 2005-2014...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441306/orientation-of-the-upper-most-instrumented-segment-influences-proximal-junctional-disease-following-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#8
Renaud Lafage, Breton G Line, Sachin Gupta, Barthelemy Liabaud, Frank Schwab, Justin S Smith, Jeffrey L Gum, Christopher P Ames, Richard Hostin, Gregory M Mundis, Han Jo Kim, Shay Bess, Eric Klineberg, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a prospective database. OBJECTIVE: To define the role of sagittal orientation of the construct at the upper instrumented levels in the development of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PJK following ASD surgery remains challenging. The final alignment of the upper instrumented vertebral segments has been proposed as a risk factor for PJK, but has not been fully investigated...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437352/effect-and-strategy-of-1-stage-interrupted-2-level-transpedicular-wedge-osteotomy-for-correcting-severe-kyphotic-deformities-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#9
Yongfei Zhao, Yan Wang, Zheng Wang, Xuesong Zhang, Keya Mao, Yonggang Zhang
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety, outcome, and strategy of the 1-stage interrupted 2-level transpedicular wedge osteotomy for correcting the severe kyphotic deformity in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been a large series in the literature reporting on results of osteotomy for the correction of kyphotic deformity secondary to AS. However, few articles have reported, in detail, the plan, design, strategy, and effect of 1-stage interrupted 2-level transpedicular wedge osteotomy for the correction of severe kyphotic deformity in AS...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437340/proximal-junctional-kyphosis-following-posterior-hemivertebra-resection-and-short-fusion-in-children-younger-than-10-years
#10
Yingsong Wang, Noriaki Kawakami, Taichi Tsuji, Tetsuya Ohara, Yoshitaka Suzuki, Toshiki Saito, Ayato Nohara, Ryoji Tauchi, Kazuki Kawakami
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) or obvious proximal junctional angle (PJA) changes in the sagittal plane develops following short fusion in children younger than 10 years of age with congenital scoliosis, and to investigate the possible risk factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PJK following long spinal fusion in adolescents and adults is a serious postoperative complication...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437339/a-multicenter-evaluation-of-clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-following-high-grade-spondylolisthesis-reduction-and-fusion
#11
Gurpreet S Gandhoke, Manish K Kasliwal, Justin S Smith, JoAnne Nieto, David Ibrahimi, Paul Park, Frank Lamarca, Christopher Shaffrey, David O Okonkwo, Adam S Kanter
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective review of the clinical and radiographic outcomes from a multicenter study of surgical treatment for high-grade spondylolisthesis (HGS) in adults. The objective was to assess the safety of surgical reduction, its ability to correct regional deformity, and its clinical effectiveness. METHODS: Retrospective, multicenter review of adults (age above 18 y) with lumbosacral HGS (Meyerding grade 3-5) treated surgically with open decompression, attempted reduction, posterior instrumentation, and interbody fusion...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437335/do-lordotic-cages-provide-better-segmental-lordosis-versus-nonlordotic-cages-in-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-llif
#12
Jonathan N Sembrano, Ryan D Horazdovsky, Amit K Sharma, Sharon C Yson, Edward R G Santos, David W Polly
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective comparative radiographic review. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the radiographic changes brought about by lordotic and nonlordotic cages on segmental and regional lumbar sagittal alignment and disk height in lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The effects of cage design on operative level segmental lordosis in posterior interbody fusion procedures have been reported. However, there are no studies comparing the effect of sagittal implant geometry in LLIF...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436275/total-lumbar-facetectomy-without-fusion-short-and-long-term-follow-up-in-a-single-surgeon-series
#13
Mark A Pichelmann, John L D Atkinson, Nicolee C Fode-Thomas, Michael J Yaszemski
BACKGROUND: Total lumbar facetectomy may be advantageous for exposure or to completely free a constricted nerve root. OBJECTIVE: We retrospectively reviewed a single surgeon series without fusion for short and long term outcomes regarding radicular pain relief, subsequent relevant surgeries, and any identifiable instability. METHODS: All operations in which a single, total lumbar facetectomy was performed were reviewed. A total of 222 patients were identified with a minimal follow-up of 3 months; 187 (84...
April 24, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435925/distal-junctional-failure-secondary-to-l5-vertebral-fracture-a-report-of-two-rare-cases
#14
Jiong Hao Tan, Kimberly-Anne Tan, Hwee Weng Dennis Hey, Hee-Kit Wong
Distal junctional failure (DJF) with fracture at the last instrumented vertebra is a rare occurrence. In this case report, we present two patients with L5 vertebral fracture post-instrumented fusion of the lumbar spine. The first patient is a 78-year-old female who had multi-level degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis and degenerative scoliosis involving levels T12 to L5. She underwent instrumented posterolateral fusion (PLF) from T12 to L5, and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) at L2/3 and L4/5...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435913/a-prospective-clinical-study-comparing-mi-tlif-with-unilateral-versus-bilateral-transpedicular-fixation-in-low-grade-lumbar-spondylolisthesis
#15
José-Antonio Soriano-Sánchez, Javier Quillo-Olvera, Sergio Soriano-Solis, Miroslava-Elizabeth Soriano-Lopez, Claudia-Angélica Covarrubias-Rosas, Javier Quillo-Reséndiz, Carlos-Francisco Gutiérrez-Partida, Manuel Rodríguez-García
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) has become one of the standard techniques for approaching ipsilateral decompression, anterior column fusion, and posterior stabilization. This procedure is usually accompanied by the placement of bilateral transpedicular screws in the corresponding segment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of unilateral screw fixation compared with bilateral fixation in patients diagnosed with low-grade symptomatic lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent an MI-TLIF technique...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435912/one-and-two-level-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-plif-using-an-expandable-stand-alone-interbody-fusion-device-a-varilift-%C3%A2-case-series
#16
Rebecca Barrett-Tuck, Diana Del Monaco, Jon E Block
BACKGROUND: Surgical interventions such as posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with and without posterior instrumentation are often employed in patients with degenerative spinal conditions that fail to respond to conservative medical management. The VariLift(®) Interbody Fusion System was developed as a stand-alone solution to provide the benefits of an intervertebral fusion device without the requirement of supplemental pedicle screw fixation. METHODS: In this retrospective case series, 25 patients underwent PLIF with a stand-alone VariLift(®) expandable interbody fusion device without adjunctive pedicle screw fixation...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434048/clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-of-endoscopic-partial-facetectomy-for-degenerative-lumbar-foraminal-stenosis
#17
Myung Soo Youn, Jong Ki Shin, Tae Sik Goh, Jung Sub Lee
BACKGROUND: Several different techniques exist to treat degenerative lumbar foraminal stenosis. Failure to adequately decompress the lumbar foramen may lead to failed back surgery syndrome. However, wide decompression often causes spinal instabilities or may require an additional fusion surgery. The aim of this study was to report the outcomes of endoscopic partial facetectomy (EPF) performed on patients with degenerative lumbar foraminal stenosis. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2014, 25 consecutive patients (12 women and 13 men) who underwent EPF were included in the study...
April 22, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433848/instrumented-circumferential-fusion-in-two-stages-for-instable-lumbar-fracture-long-term-results-of-a-series-of-74-patients-on-sagittal-balance-and-functional-outcomes
#18
Mourad Ould-Slimane, Camille Damade, Guillaume Lonjon, André Gilibert, Jérôme Cochereau, Rémi Gauthé, Nicolas Lonjon
AIM: To report the radiological and functional results of a multicentre, prospective case series of patients with comminuted lumbar fractures treated with two-stage circumferential arthrodesis. METHODS: A multicentre, prospective case series of 74 patients with comminuted lumbar fractures was analyzed. The strategy entailed initial posterior osteosynthesis then physical replacement with an expandable titanium cage filled with autologous bone, via retroperitoneal lumbotomy...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433838/outcome-of-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-retrospective-study-of-clinical-and-radiological-parameters
#19
H Pinson, G Hallaert, P Herregodts, K Everaert, T Couvreur, J Caemaert, J P Kalala, D Van Roost
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to critically evaluate the long-term results of stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), without use of rhBMP-2, as a therapeutic option for symptomatic patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD). Furthermore this study intends to identify predictive parameters for anterior lumbar interbody fusion outcome. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study with additional telephone interview to obtain missing data was performed. All patients who underwent a L4-L5 and/or L5-S1 ALIF-procedure in the period between 2006 and 2011 were identified...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431955/the-course-of-modic-vertebral-body-changes-after-posterolateral-lumbar-fusion-on-fused-and-adjacent-levels-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Stella Taylor Portella, Marcus André Acioly
According to the original description by Modic et al., the natural course of bone marrow signal abnormalities is an inexorable, progressive one, however recent evidence has demonstrated in healthy individuals and those suffering from lumbar disc herniation that the course of endplate degenerative changes is rather dynamic and sometimes regressive. The evolution of such changes in lumbar fused segments and adjacent levels is largely unknown. The literature relevant to the course of Modic changes on fused and adjacent levels, as well as its clinical correspondence in patients undergoing posterolateral lumbar fusion was collected...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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