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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454076/the-biological-basis-of-treating-jaw-discrepancies-an-interplay-of-mechanical-forces-and-skeletal-configuration
#1
REVIEW
Konstantinos Karamesinis, Efthimia K Basdra
Jaw discrepancies and malrelations affect a large proportion of the general population and their treatment is of utmost significance for individuals' health and quality of life. The aim of their therapy is the modification of aberrant jaw development mainly by targeting the growth potential of the mandibular condyle through its cartilage, and the architectural shape of alveolar bone through a suture type of structure, the periodontal ligament. This targeted treatment is achieved via external mechanical force application by using a wide variety of intraoral and extraoral appliances...
February 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452560/health-care-efficiencies-consolidation-and-alternative-models-vs-health-care-and-antitrust-regulation-irreconcilable-differences
#2
Michael W King
Despite the U.S. substantially outspending peer high income nations with almost 18% of GDP dedicated to health care, on any number of statistical measurements from life expectancy to birth rates to chronic disease, 1 the U.S. achieves inferior health outcomes. In short, Americans receive a very disappointing return on investment on their health care dollars, causing economic and social strain. 2 Accordingly, the debates rage on: what is the top driver of health care spending? Among the culprits: poor communication and coordination among disparate providers, paperwork required by payors and regulations, well-intentioned physicians overprescribing treatments, drugs and devices, outright fraud and abuse, and medical malpractice litigation...
November 2017: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450875/-coexistence-of-polymyalgia-rheumatica-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-case-report
#3
Ali Aydeniz, Mazlum Serdar Akaltun, Ali Gür, Savaş Gürsoy
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the spine and peripheral joints. Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disease characterized by aching and prolonged morning stiffness mainly in the shoulder and pelvic girdles. Many other diseases may mimic polymyalgia rheumatica, and thus differential diagnosis is predominantly required. A wide variety of diseases, including spondyloarthropathies, may present polymyalgia-like symptoms, and two diseases rarely coexist. We present a case of a 54-year-old man who had been followed-up for ankylosing spondylitis and presented with pain in the shoulder and pelvic girdles, restricted movement, and morning stiffness for 2 months...
January 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446485/effects-of-glucosamine-supplements-on-painful-temporomandibular-joint-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Gilberto Melo, Elora Casett, Juliana Stuginski-Barbosa, Eliete Neves da Silva Guerra, Daniel Araujo Fernandes, André Luís Porporatti, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature for studies that assessed the effects of glucosamine supplements (GS) on pain and maximum mouth opening (MMO) restriction compared to other therapies, placebo, or no intervention on painful temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ OA). METHODS: Randomized controlled trials were selected in a two-phase process. Seven electronic databases, in addition to three grey literature databases, were searched. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias in randomized trials...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437246/early-movement-restriction-leads-to-enduring-disorders-in-muscle-and-locomotion
#5
Maxime Delcour, Vicky S Massicotte, Michaël Russier, Hélène Bras, Julie Peyronnet, Marie-Hélène Canu, Florence Cayetanot, Mary F Barbe, Jacques-Olivier Coq
Motor control and body representation in the central nervous system (CNS) as well as musculoskeletal architecture and physiology are shaped during development by sensorimotor experience and feedback, but the emergence of locomotor disorders during maturation and their persistence over time remain a matter of debate in the absence of brain damage. By using transient immobilization of the hind limbs, we investigated the enduring impact of postnatal sensorimotor restriction (SMR) on gait and posture on treadmill, age-related changes in locomotion, musculoskeletal histopathology and Hoffmann reflex in adult rats without brain damage...
February 13, 2018: Brain Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435567/benefits-and-harms-of-cranial-electrical-stimulation-for-chronic-painful-conditions-depression-anxiety-and-insomnia-a-systematic-review
#6
Paul G Shekelle, Ian A Cook, Isomi M Miake-Lye, Marika Suttorp Booth, Jessica M Beroes, Selene Mak
Background: Cranial electrical stimulation (CES) is increasingly popular as a treatment, yet its clinical benefit is unclear. Purpose: To review evidence about the benefits and harms of CES for adult patients with chronic painful conditions, depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Data Sources: Several databases from inception to 10 October 2017 without language restrictions and references from experts, prior reviews, and manufacturers. Study Selection: Randomized controlled trials of CES versus usual care or sham CES that reported pain, depression, anxiety, or sleep outcomes in any language...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434544/the-contribution-of-upper-body-movements-to-dynamic-balance-regulation-during-challenged-locomotion
#7
Kim J Boström, Tim Dirksen, Karen Zentgraf, Heiko Wagner
Recent studies suggest that in addition to movements between ankle and hip joints, movements of the upper body, in particular of the arms, also significantly contribute to postural control. In line with these suggestions, we analyzed regulatory movements of upper and lower body joints supporting dynamic balance regulation during challenged locomotion. The participants walked over three beams of varying width and under three different verbally conveyed restrictions of arm posture, to control the potential influence of arm movements on the performance: The participants walked (1) with their arms stretched out perpendicularly in the frontal plane, (2) spontaneously, i...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422383/inadequate-sleep-and-muscle-strength-implications-for-resistance-training
#8
REVIEW
Olivia E Knowles, Eric J Drinkwater, Charles S Urwin, Séverine Lamon, Brad Aisbett
OBJECTIVES: Inadequate sleep (e.g., an insufficient duration of sleep per night) can reduce physical performance and has been linked to adverse metabolic health outcomes. Resistance exercise is an effective means to maintain and improve physical capacity and metabolic health, however, the outcomes for populations who may perform resistance exercise during periods of inadequate sleep are unknown. The primary aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of sleep deprivation (i...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420259/oklahoma-s-induced-seismicity-strongly-linked-to-wastewater-injection-depth
#9
Thea Hincks, Willy Aspinall, Roger Cooke, Thomas Gernon
The dramatic rise in Oklahoma seismicity since 2009 is due to wastewater injection. The role of injection depth is an open, complex issue, yet critical for hazard assessment and regulation. We developed an advanced Bayesian Network to model joint conditional dependencies between spatial, operational, and seismicity parameters. We found injection depth relative to crystalline basement most strongly correlates with seismic moment release. The joint effects of depth and volume are critical, as injection rate becomes more influential near the basement interface...
February 1, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416983/mosaicplasty-using-grafts-from-the-upper-tibiofibular-joint
#10
João Espregueira-Mendes, Renato Andrade, Alberto Monteiro, Hélder Pereira, Manuel Vieira da Silva, J Miguel Oliveira, Rui L Reis
Autologous mosaicplasty has been widely used for the treatment of focal, full-thickness, articular cartilage lesions of the knee and ankle joints. Commonly, the autografts are harvested from non-weight-bearing areas of the knee joint, leading to associated donor-site morbidity and representing a considerable disadvantage. This Technical Note presents a mosaicplasty procedure for harvesting autologous osteochondral plugs from the upper tibiofibular joint to repair articular cartilage defects. With this technique, it is possible to achieve low or no risk of donor-site morbidity, being therefore a safe and favorable option to treat large cartilage defects...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409205/clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-experience-of-type-iii-wagstaffe-fractures-pay-attention-to-concomitant-chondral-injury-of-the-talus
#11
Ming Zhang, Yun-Feng Chen, Lei Wang, Fan Li, Hai-Feng Wei, Zhong-Min Shi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate clinical characteristics and surgical management of Type III Wagstaffe fracture. METHODS: From August 2012 to July 2015, 13 patients with Type III Wagstaffe fractures were surgically treated. During operation, the cartilage of joint surface was explored. Wagstaffe fragment was fixed with cannulated screw or suture, Chaput fragment was fixed with cannulated screw or plate, and Cotton test was performed to evaluate the stability of syndesmosis during the operation...
April 27, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403251/transoral-screw-and-wire-fixation-for-unstable-anterior-%C3%A2-atlas-fracture
#12
Semih Keskil, Murat Göksel, Ulas Yüksel
Study Design: Atlas fractures are evaluated according to the fracture type and ligamentous injury. External immobilization may result in fracture nonunion. Objective: The ideal treatment method for non-stabilized atlas fractures is limited fixation without restricting the range of motion of the atlantoaxial and atlantooccipital joints. Summary of Background Data: Such a result can be established by using either anterior fixation or posterior lateral mass fixation...
October 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383002/chronic-recurrent-temporomandibular-joint-dislocation-a-comparison-of-various-surgical-treatment-options-and-demonstration-of-the-versatility-and-efficacy-of-the-dautrey-s-procedure
#13
Priya Jeyaraj
Introduction: There has been a changing trend of treating temporomandibular joint subluxation, which range from conservative non-surgical measures to various soft and hard tissue surgical procedures aimed at either augmenting or restricting the condylar path. Aim: This study was aimed at comparing the efficacy of three major surgical treatment modalities: condylar obstruction creation, obstruction removal and anti-translatory procedures. Also, the location, anatomy and morphology of the TMJs pre- and post-surgery were evaluated and compared using radiographs, sagittal and 3-D Computed Tomographic scans...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382994/clinical-and-mri-evaluation-of-orthodontic-mini-screws-for-disc-repositioning-in-internal-derangement-of-tmj-a-prospective-study
#14
K Rajkumar, S K Roy Chowdhury, Ramen Sinha
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of orthodontic mini-screws as a modified suture anchor for disc repositioning in cases of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint. Patients and Methods: A prospective evaluation of ten patients was undertaken for a period of 6 months using this modified approach from Jan 2014 to Jun 2016. Symptomatic patients with clinical and MRI features suggestive of internal derangement of TMJ and willing to undergo surgical repositioning of articular disc to alleviate symptoms of temporomandibular dysfunction were taken up for the study...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379707/arthroscopic-coracohumeral-ligament-release-for-patients-with-frozen-shoulder
#15
Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Akira Ando, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Takuya Sekiguchi, Junichiro Hamada, Eiji Itoi
Arthroscopic pancapsular release has been recommended for recalcitrant frozen shoulder, but regaining range of motion has not been sufficient compared with the unaffected side. There is no consensus about the reasons for these remaining restrictions in range of motion, but residual capsular or connective tissue must be considered a candidate. A thickened coracohumeral ligament at the rotator interval has been reported as one of the most specific manifestations of frozen shoulder. It covers wider portions of the subscapularis tendon, supraspinatus tendon, and infraspinatus tendon than previously reported...
January 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377312/task-experience-influences-coordinative-structures-and-performance-variables-in-learning-a-slalom-ski-simulator-task
#16
Aviroop Dutt-Mazumder, Karl M Newell
The experiment investigated the progressions of the qualitative and quantitative changes in the movement dynamics of learning the ski-simulator as a function of prior related task experience. The focus was the differential time scales of change in the candidate collective variable, neuro-muscular synergies, joint motions and task outcome as a function of learning over 7 days of practice. Half of the novice participants revealed in day 1 a transition of in-phase to anti-phase coupling of center of mass (CoM) - platform motion whereas the remaining novices and experienced group all produced on the first trial an anti-phase CoM-platform coupling...
January 29, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373060/comparison-of-compressive-myofascial-release-and-the-graston-technique-for-improving-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion
#17
Justin Stanek, Taylor Sullivan, Samantha Davis
CONTEXT: Restricted dorsiflexion (DF) at the ankle joint can cause acute and chronic injuries at the ankle and knee. Myofascial release and instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) techniques have been used to increase range of motion (ROM); however, evidence directly comparing their effectiveness is limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a single session of compressive myofascial release (CMR) or IASTM using the Graston Technique (GT) on closed chain ankle-DF ROM...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370252/the-modulating-effect-of-education-on-semantic-interference-during-healthy-aging
#18
Daniela Paolieri, Alejandra Marful, Luis Morales, María Teresa Bajo
Aging has traditionally been related to impairments in name retrieval. These impairments have usually been explained by a phonological transmission deficit hypothesis or by an inhibitory deficit hypothesis. This decline can, however, be modulated by the educational level of the sample. This study analyzed the possible role of these approaches in explaining both object and face naming impairments during aging. Older adults with low and high educational level and young adults with high educational level were asked to repeatedly name objects or famous people using the semantic-blocking paradigm...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369191/comparison-of-surgical-and-conservative-treatment-of-rockwood-type-iii-acromioclavicular-dislocation-a-meta-analysis
#19
Guolong Tang, Yu Zhang, Yuan Liu, Xiaodong Qin, Jun Hu, Xiang Li
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the effects of surgical versus conservative treatment on Rockwood type-III dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint in general orthopedic practice. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the clinical outcomes of patients managed surgically and conservatively following type-III acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE via Ovid SP, and PubMed databases were searched for randomized controlled trials and observational studies...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364749/effect-of-mobilization-with-movement-on-lateral-knee-pain-due-to-proximal-tibiofibular-joint-hypomobility
#20
Sudarshan Anandkumar, Jack Miller, Robert J Werstine, Steve Young
This case report describes a 45-year-old female who presented with lateral knee pain over the right proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ) managed unsuccessfully with rest, medications, bracing, injection, and physiotherapy. Clinical diagnosis of PTFJ hypomobility was based on concordant symptom reproduction with palpatory tenderness, accessory motion testing, and restricted anterior glide of the fibula. Intervention consisted of Mulligan's mobilization with movement and taping over the right PTFJ with immediate improvements noticed in pain, range of motion, and function...
January 24, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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