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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104141/discovering-the-silk-road-nuclear-and-mitochondrial-sequence-data-resolve-the-phylogenetic-relationships-among-theraphosid-spider-subfamilies
#1
Tim Lüddecke, Henrik Krehenwinkel, Gregory Canning, Frank Glaw, Stuart J Longhorn, René Tänzler, Ingo Wendt, Miguel Vences
The mygalomorph spiders in the family Theraphosidae, also known as "tarantulas", are one of the most popular and diverse groups of arachnids, but their evolutionary history remains poorly understood because morphological analyses have only provided mostly controversial results, and a broad molecular perspective has been lacking until now. In this study we provide a preliminary molecular phylogenetic hypothesis of relationships among theraphosid subfamilies, based on 3.5 kbp of three nuclear and three mitochondrial markers, for 52 taxa representing 10 of the 11 commonly accepted subfamilies...
November 2, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983808/alcohol-and-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-male-central-asian-labor-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-kazakhstan-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#2
Nabila El-Bassel, Phillip L Marotta
This paper examines the association between alcohol consumption and sexual risk behaviors (unprotected sex, multiple sex partners, sex under influence of drugs or alcohol and commercial sex) in a sample of Central Asian migrant and non-migrant laborers in the largest marketplace in Kazakhstan. We used data from The Silk Road Health Project, conducted from 2010 to 2013 with 1342 male migrant and non-migrant market workers. Participants were selected through respondent driven sampling at the Baraholka Market in Almaty, Kazakhstan...
October 5, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929699/-transmission-and-development-of-foreign-medicinal-materials-in-the-tang-and-song-dynasties
#3
Meng-Hua Wu, Zhong-Zhen Zhao, Hui Cao
Many foreign medicinal materials that were imported to China via the Silk Road and maritime trade have enriched Chinese medicine. Imported foreign medicines reached a high point by the Tang and Song Dynasties, particularly in the case of aromatic medicines, which supplemented domestic Chinese aromatics and were widely employed in official dispensaries in the Song Dynasty. This study investigated historical records related to imported Chinese medicines in the Tang and Song periods, focusing on their varieties, quantity, use, and localization trends...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927690/forensic-drug-intelligence-and-the-rise-of-cryptomarkets-part-i-studying-the-australian-virtual-market
#4
Julian Broséus, Marie Morelato, Mark Tahtouh, Claude Roux
Analysing and understanding cryptomarkets is essential to become proactive in the fight against the illicit drug trade. Such a research seeks to combine a diversity of indicators related to the virtual (darknet markets) and physical (the traditional "offline" market) aspects of the illicit drug trade to provide information on the distribution and consumption as well as to assess similarities/differences between the virtual and physical markets. This study analysed data that had previously been collected on cryptomarkets from December 2013 to March 2015...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911751/facing-forwards-along-the-health-silk-road
#5
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Global Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863102/the-silk-road-to-modern-times-an-exchange-of-education-culture-and-knowledge-for-the-best-patient-quality-of-life
#6
Mutaz B Habal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811498/genome-re-sequencing-reveals-the-history-of-apple-and-supports-a-two-stage-model-for-fruit-enlargement
#7
Naibin Duan, Yang Bai, Honghe Sun, Nan Wang, Yumin Ma, Mingjun Li, Xin Wang, Chen Jiao, Noah Legall, Linyong Mao, Sibao Wan, Kun Wang, Tianming He, Shouqian Feng, Zongying Zhang, Zhiquan Mao, Xiang Shen, Xiaoliu Chen, Yuanmao Jiang, Shujing Wu, Chengmiao Yin, Shunfeng Ge, Long Yang, Shenghui Jiang, Haifeng Xu, Jingxuan Liu, Deyun Wang, Changzhi Qu, Yicheng Wang, Weifang Zuo, Li Xiang, Chang Liu, Daoyuan Zhang, Yuan Gao, Yimin Xu, Kenong Xu, Thomas Chao, Gennaro Fazio, Huairui Shu, Gan-Yuan Zhong, Lailiang Cheng, Zhangjun Fei, Xuesen Chen
Human selection has reshaped crop genomes. Here we report an apple genome variation map generated through genome sequencing of 117 diverse accessions. A comprehensive model of apple speciation and domestication along the Silk Road is proposed based on evidence from diverse genomic analyses. Cultivated apples likely originate from Malus sieversii in Kazakhstan, followed by intensive introgressions from M. sylvestris. M. sieversii in Xinjiang of China turns out to be an "ancient" isolated ecotype not directly contributing to apple domestication...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687922/was-kaposi-s-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus-introduced-into-china-via-the-ancient-silk-road-an-evolutionary-perspective
#8
Zhenqiu Liu, Qiwen Fang, Jialu Zuo, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Na He, Tiejun Zhang
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has become widely dispersed worldwide since it was first reported in 1994, but the seroprevalence of KSHV varies geographically. KSHV is relatively ubiquitous in Mediterranean areas and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. The origin of KSHV has long been puzzling. In the present study, we collected and analysed 154 KSHV ORF-K1 sequences obtained from samples originating from Xinjiang, Italy, Greece, Iran and southern Siberia using Bayesian evolutionary analysis in BEAST to test the hypothesis that KSHV was introduced into Xinjiang via the ancient Silk Road...
July 7, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654873/seller-s-reputation-and-capacity-on-the-illicit-drug-markets-11-month-study-on-the-finnish-version-of-the-silk-road
#9
Juha Nurmi, Teemu Kaskela, Jussi Perälä, Atte Oksanen
AIMS: This 11-month study analyzed illicit drug sales on the anonymous Tor network, with a focus on investigating whether a seller's reputation and capacity increased daily drug sales. DESIGN AND SETTING: The data were gathered from Silkkitie, the Finnish version of the Silk Road, by web crawling the site on a daily basis from (November 2014 to September 2015). The data include information on sellers (n=260) and products (n=3823). MEASUREMENTS: The measurements include the sellers' reputation, the sale amounts (in euros), the number of available products and the types of drugs sold...
June 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631704/-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-intracardiac-thrombosis-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-literature
#10
Z S Alekberova, P S Ovcharov, T A Lisitsyna, A V Volkov, T V Popkova
Behçet's disease (BD) is systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is more common in the countries located along the Great Silk Road. The disease is diagnosed if a patient has 4 key diagnostic signs: aphthous stomatitis, genital sores, and eye and skin lesions. Vascular diseases referred to as minor criteria for BD are characterized by the formation of aneurysms and thrombosis, predominantly in the venous bed. In venous disorders, a blood clot can form in any vessel, including caval, cerebral, pulmonary, and other veins...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595347/genetic-history-of-xinjiang-s-uyghurs-suggests-bronze-age-multiple-way-contacts-in-eurasia
#11
Qidi Feng, Yan Lu, Xumin Ni, Kai Yuan, Yajun Yang, Xiong Yang, Chang Liu, Haiyi Lou, Zhilin Ning, Yuchen Wang, Dongsheng Lu, Chao Zhang, Ying Zhou, Meng Shi, Lei Tian, Xiaoji Wang, Xi Zhang, Jing Li, Asifullah Khan, Yaqun Guan, Kun Tang, Sijia Wang, Shuhua Xu
The Uyghur people residing in Xinjiang, a territory located in the far west of China and crossed by the Silk Road, are a key ethnic group for understanding the history of human dispersion in Eurasia. Here we assessed the genetic structure and ancestry of 951 Xinjiang's Uyghurs (XJU) representing 14 geographical subpopulations. We observed a southwest and northeast differentiation within XJU, which was likely shaped jointly by the Tianshan Mountains, which traverses from east to west as a natural barrier, and gene flow from both east and west directions...
October 1, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592861/genomic-admixture-tracks-pulses-of-economic-activity-over-2-000-years-in-the-indian-ocean-trading-network
#12
Nicolas Brucato, Pradiptajati Kusuma, Philippe Beaujard, Herawati Sudoyo, Murray P Cox, François-Xavier Ricaut
The Indian Ocean has long been a hub of interacting human populations. Following land- and sea-based routes, trade drove cultural contacts between far-distant ethnic groups in Asia, India, the Middle East and Africa, creating one of the world's first proto-globalized environments. However, the extent to which population mixing was mediated by trade is poorly understood. Reconstructing admixture times from genomic data in 3,006 individuals from 187 regional populations reveals a close association between bouts of human migration and trade volumes during the last 2,000 years across the Indian Ocean trading system...
June 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523066/framework-for-an-effective-assessment-from-rocky-roads-to-silk-route
#13
Zarrin Seema Siddiqui
A defensible assessment is the cornerstone of health professions education and requires a careful approach from all the stakeholders involved in designing and delivering the curriculum. In this article, a framework is described using four essential attributes that define an effective assessment. These attributes include orientation and clarification of expectations for both faculty and students followed by a well-structured learning experience and constant evaluation of the assessment program.
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379960/gc-ms-and-proteomics-to-unravel-the-painting-history-of-the-lost-giant-buddhas-of-b%C3%A4-miy%C3%A4-n-afghanistan
#14
Anna Lluveras-Tenorio, Roberto Vinciguerra, Eugenio Galano, Catharina Blaensdorf, Erwin Emmerling, Maria Perla Colombini, Leila Birolo, Ilaria Bonaduce
A chemical investigation of the organic paint binders of the Giant Buddhas of Bāmiyān was performed using an analytical approach based on mass spectrometry, combining traditional gas chromatography/mass spectrometry protocols with advanced proteomics methodologies. The research was carried out on a selection of rescued fragments. The data revealed the use of egg proteins as the paint binders of the original layers, in accordance with the traditional use of this proteinaceous medium in antiquity, spanning from the Mediterranean basin to the Far East, and already in the Bronze Age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357801/nitrogen-contamination-in-groundwater-in-an-agricultural-region-along-the-new-silk-road-northwest-china-distribution-and-factors-controlling-its-fate
#15
Jie Chen, Hui Qian, Hao Wu
Nitrogen contamination is a global concern and has been a serious problem in agricultural areas. The present study was carried out in an intensively irrigated region of northwest China along the New Silk Road, Yinchuan Plain, where the residents depend on the groundwater as the primary source for drinking. To understand the nitrogen contamination in the aquifer system, the distribution of nitrate and ammonium and its controlling factors were studied based on hydrochemical, hydrogeological, and isotopic analyses...
May 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303732/mitochondrial-dna-sequence-variation-in-iranian-native-dogs
#16
Zeinab Amiri Ghanatsaman, Adeniyi C Adeola, Masood Asadi Fozi, Ya-Ping Ma, Min-Sheng Peng, Guo-Dong Wang, Ali Esmailizadeh, Ya-Ping Zhang
The dog mtDNA diversity picture from wide geographical sampling but from a small number of individuals per region or breed, displayed little geographical correlation and high degree of haplotype sharing between very distant breeds. For a clear picture, we extensively surveyed Iranian native dogs (n = 305) in comparison with published European (n = 443) and Southwest Asian (n = 195) dogs. Twelve haplotypes related to haplogroups A, B and C were shared by Iranian, European, Southwest Asian and East Asian dogs...
March 17, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277506/nomadic-ecology-shaped-the-highland-geography-of-asia-s-silk-roads
#17
Michael D Frachetti, C Evan Smith, Cynthia M Traub, Tim Williams
There are many unanswered questions about the evolution of the ancient 'Silk Roads' across Asia. This is especially the case in their mountainous stretches, where harsh terrain is seen as an impediment to travel. Considering the ecology and mobility of inner Asian mountain pastoralists, we use 'flow accumulation' modelling to calculate the annual routes of nomadic societies (from 750 m to 4,000 m elevation). Aggregating 500 iterations of the model reveals a high-resolution flow network that simulates how centuries of seasonal nomadic herding could shape discrete routes of connectivity across the mountains of Asia...
March 8, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236931/technical-aspects-of-transcarotid-artery-revascularization-using-the-enroute-transcarotid-neuroprotection-and-stent-system
#18
Mahmoud B Malas, Jose Leal, Vikram Kashyap, Richard Paul Cambria, Christopher J Kwolek, Enrique Criado
Transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) with the ENROUTE transcarotid neuroprotection and stent system (Silk Road Medical, Inc, Sunnyvale, Calif) combines surgical principles of neuroprotection with less invasive endovascular techniques to treat high grade stenosis in the carotid artery. The ENROUTE Neuroprotection System allows the surgeon to directly access the common carotid artery to initiate high rate temporary blood flow reversal to protect the brain while performing carotid angioplasty and stenting...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148585/behcet-s-disease
#19
Jagdish R Nair, Robert J Moots
Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic relapsing and remitting vasculitis of unknown aetiology. It has the capacity to affect almost all organ systems because of its potential to involve both arteries and veins of all sizes, resulting in significant organ-threatening morbidity and mortality. Traditionally known as the 'silk road' disease, it has a worldwide occurrence. The aetiopathological mechanisms of disease development in BD remain poorly understood, but genome wide studies show human leukocyte antigen and non-human leukocyte antigen associations...
February 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118680/surgical-wisdom-and-genghis-khan-s-pax-mongolica
#20
Jakob Köstenbauer
BACKGROUND: The unrivalled conquests of Genghis Khan (CE c.1162-1227) led to the establishment of the Greater Mongolian Empire. By 1279, the Mongol dynasty controlled a vast Empire which, for the first time in history, unified Europe and China via the famous Silk Road. The ensuing century of peace and stability is referred to by historians as the Pax Mongolica, which facilitated Europe's renaissance and remarkably contributed to the rise of modern medicine and surgery. METHODS: Secondary sources from published literature, primary sources from manuscripts and illustrations courtesy of universities, museum libraries and archives...
March 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
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