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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316365/extracting-databases-from-dark-data-with-deepdive
#1
Ce Zhang, Jaeho Shin, Christopher Ré, Michael Cafarella, Feng Niu
DeepDive is a system for extracting relational databases from dark data: the mass of text, tables, and images that are widely collected and stored but which cannot be exploited by standard relational tools. If the information in dark data - scientific papers, Web classified ads, customer service notes, and so on - were instead in a relational database, it would give analysts a massive and valuable new set of "big data." DeepDive is distinctive when compared to previous information extraction systems in its ability to obtain very high precision and recall at reasonable engineering cost; in a number of applications, we have used DeepDive to create databases with accuracy that meets that of human annotators...
June 2016: Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297435/simple-quality-assurance-method-of-dynamic-tumor-tracking-with-the-gimbaled-linac-system-using-a-light-field
#2
Hideharu Miura, Shuichi Ozawa, Masahiro Hayata, Shintaro Tsuda, Kiyoshi Yamada, Yasushi Nagata
We proposed a simple visual method for evaluating the dynamic tumor tracking (DTT) accuracy of a gimbal mechanism using a light field. A single photon beam was set with a field size of 30×30 mm2 at a gantry angle of 90°. The center of a cube phantom was set up at the isocenter of a motion table, and 4D modeling was performed based on the tumor and infrared (IR) marker motion. After 4D modeling, the cube phantom was replaced with a sheet of paper, which was placed perpendicularly, and a light field was projected on the sheet of paper...
September 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259212/is-the-new-heroin-epidemic-really-new-racializing-heroin
#3
Benjamin Bowser, Robert Fullilove, Carl Word
Heroin abuse as an outcome of the prior use of painkillers increased rapidly over the past decade. This "new epidemic" is unique because the new heroin users are primarily young White Americans in rural areas of virtually every state. This commentary argues that the painkiller-to-heroin transition could not be the only cause of heroin use on such a scale and that the new and old heroin epidemics are linked. The social marketing that so successfully drove the old heroin epidemic has innovated and expanded due to the use of cell-phones, text messaging and the "dark web" which requires a Tor browser, and software that allows one to communicate with encrypted sites without detection...
April 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235820/workplace-social-capital-and-the-onset-of-major-depressive-episode-among-workers-in-japan-a-3-year-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Asuka Sakuraya, Kotaro Imamura, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akihito Shimazu, Masaya Takahashi, Takafumi Totsuzaki, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prospective association of workplace social capital (WSC) with major depressive episode (MDE) among Japanese employees. METHODS: A 3-year prospective cohort study was conducted among 1058 employees from a private think-tank company who participated in a baseline survey; after excluding those with MDE in the past 12 months, 929 were followed up. WSC at baseline was measured using a 3-item scale. MDE was assessed at baseline and at follow-up every year, by using a web-based, self-administered version of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WHO-CIDI) 3...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093751/the-emergence-of-the-ecological-mind-in-hua-yen-kegon-buddhism-and-jungian-psychology
#5
Joe Cambray
The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung's explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung's Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073566/mixotrophy-in-the-phototrophic-dinoflagellate-takayama-helix-family-kareniaceae-predator-of-diverse-toxic-and-harmful-dinoflagellates
#6
Hae Jin Jeong, Jin Hee Ok, An Suk Lim, Ji Eun Kwon, So Jin Kim, Sung Yeon Lee
Takayama spp. are phototrophic dinoflagellates belonging to the family Kareniaceae and have caused fish kills in several countries. Understanding their trophic mode and interactions with co-occurring phytoplankton species are critical steps in comprehending their ecological roles in marine ecosystems, bloom dynamics, and dinoflagellate evolution. To investigate the trophic mode and interactions of Takayama spp., the ability of Takayama helix to feed on diverse algal species was examined, and the mechanisms of prey ingestion were determined...
December 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931654/the-response-of-the-microcirculation-to-mechanical-support-of-the-heart-in-critical-illness
#7
REVIEW
Sakir Akin, Atila Kara, Corstiaan A den Uil, Can Ince
Critical illness associated with cardiac pump failure results in reduced tissue perfusion in all organs and occurs in various conditions such as sepsis, cardiogenic shock, and heart failure. Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices can be used to maintain organ perfusion in patients with cardiogenic shock and decompensated chronic heart failure. However, correction of global hemodynamic parameters by MCS does not always cause a parallel improvement in microcirculatory perfusion and oxygenation of the organ systems, a condition referred to as a loss of hemodynamic coherence between macro- and microcirculation (MC)...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857708/seasonal-succession-of-free-living-bacterial-communities-in-coastal-waters-of-the-western-antarctic-peninsula
#8
Catherine M Luria, Linda A Amaral-Zettler, Hugh W Ducklow, Jeremy J Rich
The marine ecosystem along the Western Antarctic Peninsula undergoes a dramatic seasonal transition every spring, from almost total darkness to almost continuous sunlight, resulting in a cascade of environmental changes, including phytoplankton blooms that support a highly productive food web. Despite having important implications for the movement of energy and materials through this ecosystem, little is known about how these changes impact bacterial succession in this region. Using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, we measured changes in free-living bacterial community composition and richness during a 9-month period that spanned winter to the end of summer...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766667/captagon-use-and-trade-in-the-middle-east
#9
Ahmed Al-Imam, Rita Santacroce, Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Robert Chilcott, Giuseppe Bersani, Giovanni Martinotti, Ornella Corazza
BACKGROUND: Fenetheylline, a psychostimulant drug, often branded as Captagon, is a combination of amphetamine and theophylline. Since the cessation of its legal production in 1986, counterfeited products have been produced illicitly in south-east Europe and far-east Asia. Its profitable trade has been linked to terrorist organizations, including Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. This study aims to reach up-to-date data, concerning the Captagon e-commerce and use in the Middle East...
October 21, 2016: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685142/simple-quality-assurance-method-of-dynamic-tumor-tracking-with-the-gimbaled-linac-system-using-a-light-field
#10
Hideharu Miura, Shuichi Ozawa, Masahiro Hayata, Shintaro Tsuda, Kiyoshi Yamada, Yasushi Nagata
We proposed a simple visual method for evaluating the dynamic tumor tracking (DTT) accuracy of a gimbal mechanism using a light field. A single photon beam was set with a field size of 30 × 30 mm2 at a gantry angle of 90°. The center of a cube phantom was set up at the isocenter of a motion table, and 4D modeling was performed based on the tumor and infrared (IR) marker motion. After 4D modeling, the cube phantom was replaced with a sheet of paper, which was placed perpen-dicularly, and a light field was projected on the sheet of paper...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577475/health-on-the-net-s-20-years-of-transparent-and-reliable-health-information
#11
Célia Boyer, Ron D Appel, Marion J Ball, Jan H van Bemmel, Jean-Paul Bergmans, Michel Carpentier, Denis Hochstrasser, Donald Lindberg, Randolph Miller, Jean-Claude Peterschmitt, Charlie Safran, Michèle Thonnet, Antoine Geissbühler
The Health On the Net Foundation (HON) was born in 1996, during the beginning of the World Wide Web, from a collective decision by health specialists, led by the late Jean-Raoul Scherrer, who anticipated the need for online trustworthy health information. Because the Internet is a free space that everyone shares, a search for quality information is like a shot in the dark: neither will reliably hit their target. Thus, HON was created to promote deployment of useful and reliable online health information, and to enable its appropriate and efficient use...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394346/a-new-species-of-the-genus-leptolalax-anura-megophryidae-from-mt-gaoligongshan-of-western-yunnan-province-china
#12
Jian-Huan Yang, Ying-Yong Wang, Guo-Ling Chen, Ding-Qi Rao
A new species of the genus Leptolalax is described from the Tengchong Section of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve, Tengchong County, Yunnan Province, China. The new species, Leptolalax tengchongensis sp. nov., can be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: (1) small size (SVL 23.9-26.0 mm in males, 28.8-28.9 mm in females); (2) dorsal skin shagreened and scattered with fine, round reddish tubercles; (3) toes with rudimentary webbing and narrow lateral fringes; (4) tympanum distinctly discernible, almost entirely black; (5) ventrolateral glands indistinct; (6) flanks with several distinct and large dark blotches; (7) ventral surfaces white, scattered with distinct irregular dark speckling; (8) iris not bicolored, uniformly dark brown and scattered with minute, coppery reticulations throughout...
March 9, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394299/a-new-species-of-the-genus-pachytriton-caudata-salamandridae-%C3%A2-from-hunan-and-guangxi-southeastern-china
#13
Zhi-Yong Yuan, Bao-Lin Zhang, Jing Che
Despite recent descriptions of multiple new species of the genus Pachytriton (Salamandridae), species richness in this China-endemic newts genus likely remains underestimated. In this study, we describe a new species of Pachytriton from northeastern Guangxi and southern Hunan, southeastern China. Both molecular analyses and morphological characters reveal that the new species can be distinguished from its congeners. The mitochondrial gene tree identified the new lineage highly divergent (uncorrected p-distance > 5...
March 2, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394273/a-new-species-of-odorrana-amphibia-anura-ranidae-from-vietnam
#14
Cuong The Pham, Truong Quang Nguyen, Minh Duc Le, Michael Bonkowski, Thomas Ziegler
A new species of Odorrana is described from the karst forests in northeastern Vietnam based on morphological differences and molecular divergence. Morphologically, the new species is distinguishable from its congeners on the basis of a combination of the following diagnostic characters: (1) size large (SVL 85.9-91.6 mm in males, 108.7-110.1 mm in females); (2) head longer than wide; (3) vomerine teeth present; (4) external vocal sacs absent; (5) snout short (SL/SVL 0.16-0.17); (6) tympanum large (TD/ED 0.70 in males, 0...
February 26, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394251/cryptic-diversity-in-the-hypsiboas-semilineatus-species-group-amphibia-anura-with-the-description-of-a-new-species-from-the-eastern-guiana-shield
#15
Antoine Fouquet, Quentin Martinez, Lauren Zeidler, Elodie A Courtois, Philippe Gaucher, Michel Blanc, Jucivaldo Dias Lima, Sergio Marques Souza, Miguel T Rodrigues, Jucivaldo Dias Lima, Sergio Marques Souza, Miguel T Rodrigues, Philippe J R Kok
We used molecular and morphological data to investigate the hidden diversity within the Hypsiboas semilineatus species group, and more specifically within H. geographicus, an allegedly widespread species in northern South America. As a result, the identity of H. geographicus was clarified, several candidate species were detected and one of them, from the eastern Guiana Shield, is described herein as a preliminary step to resolve the taxonomy of the group. Hypsiboas diabolicus sp. nov. is mainly distinguished from closely-related species by an acuminate snout in lateral view, well-developed webbing between fingers and toes, and unspotted carmine/crimson colouration on the concealed surfaces of legs, feet and hands in life...
February 24, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148626/chronotype-gender-and-general-health
#16
Fabio Fabbian, Beatrice Zucchi, Alfredo De Giorgi, Ruana Tiseo, Benedetta Boari, Raffaella Salmi, Rosaria Cappadona, Gloria Gianesini, Erika Bassi, Fulvia Signani, Valeria Raparelli, Stefania Basili, Roberto Manfredini
BACKGROUND: Light-dark alternation has always been the strongest external circadian "zeitgeber" for humans. Due to its growing technological preference, our society is quickly transforming toward a progressive "eveningness" (E), with consequences on personal circadian preference (chronotype), depending on gender as well. The aim of this study was to review the available evidence of possible relationships between chronotype and gender, with relevance on disturbances that could negatively impact general health, including daily life aspects...
2016: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108528/mud-and-silk-in-the-dark-a-new-type-of-millipede-moulting-chamber-and-first-observations-on-the-maturation-moult-in-the-order-callipodida
#17
Ana Sofia P S Reboleira, Henrik Enghoff
The postembryonic development of millipedes includes a series of stadia separated by moults, a process known as anamorphosis. The moulting process and especially the moulting into maturity, i.e., with fully developed copulatory organs, remains unknown for most millipede species. We have kept specimens of Lusitanipus alternans (Verhoeff, 1893) in the laboratory for one year and studied its moulting process, including the first study of the maturation moult in the order Callipodida. Unlike the typical silk cocoon reported for other callipodidans, this species builds a new type of solid moulting chamber, using the available substrate reinforced by a silken web...
May 2016: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092409/marine-protist-associations-and-environmental-impacts-across-trophic-levels-in-the-twilight-zone-and-below
#18
REVIEW
V P Edgcomb
Marine protists are integral to marine food webs and exhibit complex relationships with other microbial taxa. Phagotrophic protists contribute significantly to carbon turnover in the sunlit ocean and evidence suggests grazing in the dark ocean can be significant as well. New in situ sampling technologies hold great promise for more accurately accessing these impacts. The molecular signatures of parasitic protists comprise significant fractions of many high-throughput sequencing datasets, suggesting a major role in controlling populations of their host(s)...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27074267/validity-and-reliability-of-dermoscopic-criteria-used-to-differentiate-nevi-from-melanoma-a-web-based-international-dermoscopy-society-study
#19
Cristina Carrera, Michael A Marchetti, Stephen W Dusza, Giuseppe Argenziano, Ralph P Braun, Allan C Halpern, Natalia Jaimes, Harald J Kittler, Josep Malvehy, Scott W Menzies, Giovanni Pellacani, Susana Puig, Harold S Rabinovitz, Alon Scope, H Peter Soyer, Wilhelm Stolz, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Iris Zalaudek, Ashfaq A Marghoob
IMPORTANCE: The comparative diagnostic performance of dermoscopic algorithms and their individual criteria are not well studied. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the discriminatory power and reliability of dermoscopic criteria used in melanoma detection and compare the diagnostic accuracy of existing algorithms. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a retrospective, observational study of 477 lesions (119 melanomas [24.9%] and 358 nevi [75.1%]), which were divided into 12 image sets that consisted of 39 or 40 images per set...
July 1, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27010709/tumour-like-anomaly-of-copepods-an-evaluation-of-the-possible-causes-in-indian-marine-waters
#20
L Jagadeesan, R Jyothibabu
Globally, tumour-like anomalies (TLA) in copepods and the critical assessment of their possible causes are rare. The exact causative factor and ecological consequences of TLA in copepods are still unclear and there is no quantitative data available so far to prove conclusively the mechanism involved in developing TLA in copepods. TLA in copepods are considered as a potential threat to the well-being of the aquatic food web, which prompted us to assess these abnormalities in Indian marine waters and assess the possible etiological agents...
April 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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