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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659874/the-deep-sea-microbial-community-from-the-amazonian-basin-associated-with-oil-degradation
#1
Mariana E Campeão, Luciana Reis, Luciana Leomil, Louisi de Oliveira, Koko Otsuki, Piero Gardinali, Oliver Pelz, Rogerio Valle, Fabiano L Thompson, Cristiane C Thompson
One consequence of oil production is the possibility of unplanned accidental oil spills; therefore, it is important to evaluate the potential of indigenous microorganisms (both prokaryotes and eukaryotes) from different oceanic basins to degrade oil. The aim of this study was to characterize the microbial response during the biodegradation process of Brazilian crude oil, both with and without the addition of the dispersant Corexit 9500, using deep-sea water samples from the Amazon equatorial margin basins, Foz do Amazonas and Barreirinhas, in the dark and at low temperatures (4°C)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610317/a-new-species-of-limnonectes-amphibia-anura-dicroglossidae-from-vietnam
#2
Cuong The Pham, Minh Duc Le, Tao Thien Nguyen, Thomas Ziegler, Zheng Jun Wu, Truong Quang Nguyen
A new species of Limnonectes is described from northeastern Vietnam based on morphological and molecular differences. Morphologically, the new species is distinguishable from its congeners on the basis of a combination of the following diagnostic characters: Large size (SVL 50.1-68.9 in males, 45.5-63.0 mm in females); males with moderately enlarged head (HL/SVL 0.48), head longer than wide; vomerine teeth present; external vocal sacs absent; rostral length short (RL/SVL 0.16 in males, 0.15 in females); tympanum distinct (TD/ED 0...
May 24, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610262/a-new-species-of-i-leptolalax-i-anura-megophryidae-from-vietnam
#3
Jodi J L Rowley, Vinh Q Dau, Trung T Cao
We describe a new, medium-sized Leptolalax species from north central Vietnam. Leptolalax puhoatensis sp. nov. is distinguished from its congeners by a combination of having a body size range of 24.2-28.1 mm in eight adult males and 27.3-31.5 mm in three adult females; distinct dorsolateral markings including blackish spots on the flank and dark canthal and/or temporal streaks; males with a reddish-brown venter, often with faint white dusting and females with a pale pink venter; skin on dorsum with tiny, indistinct, low tubercles in preservative, more distinct and forming low dorsal ridges on dorsal surface in life; toes with webbing basal and narrow lateral fringes; iris copper in upper half and golden in lower half; and a call consisting of a single note and a dominant frequency of 4...
June 1, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610025/a-new-species-of-the-genus-i-gracixalus-i-amphibia-anura-rhacophoridae-%C3%A2-from-mount-jinggang-southeastern-china
#4
Zhao-Chi Zeng, Jian Zhao, Chun-Quan Chen, Guo-Ling Chen, Zhong Zhang, Ying-Yong Wang
A new species, Gracixalus jinggangensis sp. nov., is described based on a series of specimens collected from Mount Jinggang, Jiangxi Province, southeastern China. The new species is distinguished from all other known congeners by the following combination of morphological characters: relatively small body size, SVL 27.9-33.8 mm in nine males and 31.6 mm in a single female; upper eyelid and dorsum lacking spines; skin of dorsal and lateral surface of head, body and limbs rough with sparsely scattered with tubercles; ventral skin granular; tibiotarsal projection absent; finger webbing rudimentary; toes with moderately developed webbing; brown to beige above in life, with an inverse Y-shaped dark brown marking extending from the interorbital region to the middle of dorsum; males with a single, subgular vocal sac, barely visible nuptial pads with minute granules on the dorsal surface of the bases of first and second fingers...
April 4, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506246/vipie-web-pipeline-for-parallel-characterization-of-viral-populations-from-multiple-ngs-samples
#5
Jake Lin, Lenka Kramna, Reija Autio, Heikki Hyöty, Matti Nykter, Ondrej Cinek
BACKGROUND: Next generation sequencing (NGS) technology allows laboratories to investigate virome composition in clinical and environmental samples in a culture-independent way. There is a need for bioinformatic tools capable of parallel processing of virome sequencing data by exactly identical methods: this is especially important in studies of multifactorial diseases, or in parallel comparison of laboratory protocols. RESULTS: We have developed a web-based application allowing direct upload of sequences from multiple virome samples using custom parameters...
May 15, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469107/usefulness-of-positron-emission-tomography-in-patients-with-syphilis-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#6
REVIEW
Jian-Hua Chen, Xin Zheng, Xiu-Qin Liu
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of syphilis is difficult. Follow-up and therapy evaluation of syphilitic patients are poor. Little is known about positron emission tomography (PET) in syphilis. This review was to systematically review usefulness of PET for diagnosis, disease extent evaluation, follow-up, and treatment response assessment in patients with syphilis. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, and three Chinese databases (SinoMed, Wanfang, and CNKI) for English and Chinese language articles from inception to September 2016...
May 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404541/making-air-pollution-visible-a-tool-for-promoting-environmental-health-literacy
#7
Ekaterina Galkina Cleary, Allison P Patton, Hsin-Ching Wu, Alan Xie, Joseph Stubblefield, William Mass, Georges Grinstein, Susan Koch-Weser, Doug Brugge, Carolyn Wong
BACKGROUND: Digital maps are instrumental in conveying information about environmental hazards geographically. For laypersons, computer-based maps can serve as tools to promote environmental health literacy about invisible traffic-related air pollution and ultrafine particles. Concentrations of these pollutants are higher near major roadways and increasingly linked to adverse health effects. Interactive computer maps provide visualizations that can allow users to build mental models of the spatial distribution of ultrafine particles in a community and learn about the risk of exposure in a geographic context...
April 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316365/extracting-databases-from-dark-data-with-deepdive
#8
Ce Zhang, Jaeho Shin, Christopher Ré, Michael Cafarella, Feng Niu
DeepDive is a system for extracting relational databases from dark data: the mass of text, tables, and images that are widely collected and stored but which cannot be exploited by standard relational tools. If the information in dark data - scientific papers, Web classified ads, customer service notes, and so on - were instead in a relational database, it would give analysts a massive and valuable new set of "big data." DeepDive is distinctive when compared to previous information extraction systems in its ability to obtain very high precision and recall at reasonable engineering cost; in a number of applications, we have used DeepDive to create databases with accuracy that meets that of human annotators...
June 2016: Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297435/simple-quality-assurance-method-of-dynamic-tumor-tracking-with-the-gimbaled-linac-system-using-a-light-field
#9
Hideharu Miura, Shuichi Ozawa, Masahiro Hayata, Shintaro Tsuda, Kiyoshi Yamada, Yasushi Nagata
We proposed a simple visual method for evaluating the dynamic tumor tracking (DTT) accuracy of a gimbal mechanism using a light field. A single photon beam was set with a field size of 30×30 mm2 at a gantry angle of 90°. The center of a cube phantom was set up at the isocenter of a motion table, and 4D modeling was performed based on the tumor and infrared (IR) marker motion. After 4D modeling, the cube phantom was replaced with a sheet of paper, which was placed perpendicularly, and a light field was projected on the sheet of paper...
September 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259212/is-the-new-heroin-epidemic-really-new-racializing-heroin
#10
Benjamin Bowser, Robert Fullilove, Carl Word
Heroin abuse as an outcome of the prior use of painkillers increased rapidly over the past decade. This "new epidemic" is unique because the new heroin users are primarily young White Americans in rural areas of virtually every state. This commentary argues that the painkiller-to-heroin transition could not be the only cause of heroin use on such a scale and that the new and old heroin epidemics are linked. The social marketing that so successfully drove the old heroin epidemic has innovated and expanded due to the use of cell-phones, text messaging and the "dark web" which requires a Tor browser, and software that allows one to communicate with encrypted sites without detection...
April 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235820/workplace-social-capital-and-the-onset-of-major-depressive-episode-among-workers-in-japan-a-3-year-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Asuka Sakuraya, Kotaro Imamura, Akiomi Inoue, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Akihito Shimazu, Masaya Takahashi, Takafumi Totsuzaki, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: This study examined the prospective association of workplace social capital (WSC) with major depressive episode (MDE) among Japanese employees. METHODS: A 3-year prospective cohort study was conducted among 1058 employees from a private think-tank company who participated in a baseline survey; after excluding those with MDE in the past 12 months, 929 were followed up. WSC at baseline was measured using a 3-item scale. MDE was assessed at baseline and at follow-up every year, by using a web-based, self-administered version of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WHO-CIDI) 3...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093751/the-emergence-of-the-ecological-mind-in-hua-yen-kegon-buddhism-and-jungian-psychology
#12
REVIEW
Joe Cambray
The complexity associated with deep interconnectedness in nature is beginning to be articulated and elaborated in the field of ecological studies. While some parallels to the psyche have been made and the field of Eco-psychology has been developing, Jung's explicit contribution by way of the image of rhizomes has not been considered in detail. Philosopher Gilles Deleuze acknowledges borrowing the term from Jung, though he disagreed with Jung's Empedoclean use of the term. The paper presents some fundamental properties of rhizomes along with contemporary scientific research on mycorrhizal (fungal) networks...
February 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073566/mixotrophy-in-the-phototrophic-dinoflagellate-takayama-helix-family-kareniaceae-predator-of-diverse-toxic-and-harmful-dinoflagellates
#13
Hae Jin Jeong, Jin Hee Ok, An Suk Lim, Ji Eun Kwon, So Jin Kim, Sung Yeon Lee
Takayama spp. are phototrophic dinoflagellates belonging to the family Kareniaceae and have caused fish kills in several countries. Understanding their trophic mode and interactions with co-occurring phytoplankton species are critical steps in comprehending their ecological roles in marine ecosystems, bloom dynamics, and dinoflagellate evolution. To investigate the trophic mode and interactions of Takayama spp., the ability of Takayama helix to feed on diverse algal species was examined, and the mechanisms of prey ingestion were determined...
December 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931654/the-response-of-the-microcirculation-to-mechanical-support-of-the-heart-in-critical-illness
#14
REVIEW
Sakir Akin, Atila Kara, Corstiaan A den Uil, Can Ince
Critical illness associated with cardiac pump failure results in reduced tissue perfusion in all organs and occurs in various conditions such as sepsis, cardiogenic shock, and heart failure. Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices can be used to maintain organ perfusion in patients with cardiogenic shock and decompensated chronic heart failure. However, correction of global hemodynamic parameters by MCS does not always cause a parallel improvement in microcirculatory perfusion and oxygenation of the organ systems, a condition referred to as a loss of hemodynamic coherence between macro- and microcirculation (MC)...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857708/seasonal-succession-of-free-living-bacterial-communities-in-coastal-waters-of-the-western-antarctic-peninsula
#15
Catherine M Luria, Linda A Amaral-Zettler, Hugh W Ducklow, Jeremy J Rich
The marine ecosystem along the Western Antarctic Peninsula undergoes a dramatic seasonal transition every spring, from almost total darkness to almost continuous sunlight, resulting in a cascade of environmental changes, including phytoplankton blooms that support a highly productive food web. Despite having important implications for the movement of energy and materials through this ecosystem, little is known about how these changes impact bacterial succession in this region. Using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, we measured changes in free-living bacterial community composition and richness during a 9-month period that spanned winter to the end of summer...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766667/captagon-use-and-trade-in-the-middle-east
#16
Ahmed Al-Imam, Rita Santacroce, Andres Roman-Urrestarazu, Robert Chilcott, Giuseppe Bersani, Giovanni Martinotti, Ornella Corazza
BACKGROUND: Fenetheylline, a psychostimulant drug, often branded as Captagon, is a combination of amphetamine and theophylline. Since the cessation of its legal production in 1986, counterfeited products have been produced illicitly in south-east Europe and far-east Asia. Its profitable trade has been linked to terrorist organizations, including Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. This study aims to reach up-to-date data, concerning the Captagon e-commerce and use in the Middle East...
May 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685142/simple-quality-assurance-method-of-dynamic-tumor-tracking-with-the-gimbaled-linac-system-using-a-light-field
#17
Hideharu Miura, Shuichi Ozawa, Masahiro Hayata, Shintaro Tsuda, Kiyoshi Yamada, Yasushi Nagata
We proposed a simple visual method for evaluating the dynamic tumor tracking (DTT) accuracy of a gimbal mechanism using a light field. A single photon beam was set with a field size of 30 × 30 mm2 at a gantry angle of 90°. The center of a cube phantom was set up at the isocenter of a motion table, and 4D modeling was performed based on the tumor and infrared (IR) marker motion. After 4D modeling, the cube phantom was replaced with a sheet of paper, which was placed perpen-dicularly, and a light field was projected on the sheet of paper...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577475/health-on-the-net-s-20-years-of-transparent-and-reliable-health-information
#18
Célia Boyer, Ron D Appel, Marion J Ball, Jan H van Bemmel, Jean-Paul Bergmans, Michel Carpentier, Denis Hochstrasser, Donald Lindberg, Randolph Miller, Jean-Claude Peterschmitt, Charlie Safran, Michèle Thonnet, Antoine Geissbühler
The Health On the Net Foundation (HON) was born in 1996, during the beginning of the World Wide Web, from a collective decision by health specialists, led by the late Jean-Raoul Scherrer, who anticipated the need for online trustworthy health information. Because the Internet is a free space that everyone shares, a search for quality information is like a shot in the dark: neither will reliably hit their target. Thus, HON was created to promote deployment of useful and reliable online health information, and to enable its appropriate and efficient use...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394346/a-new-species-of-the-genus-leptolalax-anura-megophryidae-from-mt-gaoligongshan-of-western-yunnan-province-china
#19
Jian-Huan Yang, Ying-Yong Wang, Guo-Ling Chen, Ding-Qi Rao
A new species of the genus Leptolalax is described from the Tengchong Section of Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve, Tengchong County, Yunnan Province, China. The new species, Leptolalax tengchongensis sp. nov., can be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: (1) small size (SVL 23.9-26.0 mm in males, 28.8-28.9 mm in females); (2) dorsal skin shagreened and scattered with fine, round reddish tubercles; (3) toes with rudimentary webbing and narrow lateral fringes; (4) tympanum distinctly discernible, almost entirely black; (5) ventrolateral glands indistinct; (6) flanks with several distinct and large dark blotches; (7) ventral surfaces white, scattered with distinct irregular dark speckling; (8) iris not bicolored, uniformly dark brown and scattered with minute, coppery reticulations throughout...
March 9, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394299/a-new-species-of-the-genus-pachytriton-caudata-salamandridae-%C3%A2-from-hunan-and-guangxi-southeastern-china
#20
Zhi-Yong Yuan, Bao-Lin Zhang, Jing Che
Despite recent descriptions of multiple new species of the genus Pachytriton (Salamandridae), species richness in this China-endemic newts genus likely remains underestimated. In this study, we describe a new species of Pachytriton from northeastern Guangxi and southern Hunan, southeastern China. Both molecular analyses and morphological characters reveal that the new species can be distinguished from its congeners. The mitochondrial gene tree identified the new lineage highly divergent (uncorrected p-distance > 5...
March 2, 2016: Zootaxa
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