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Addiction Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622206/bupropion-augmentation-in-a-case-of-compulsive-buying-disorder
#1
Gianna Sepede, Giuseppe Di Iorio, Fabiola Sarchione, Federica Fiori, Massimo Di Giannantonio
BACKGROUND: Compulsive buying disorder (CBD) is a condition characterized by excessive preoccupations, impulses, and behaviors regarding buying, resulting in serious psychological, social, and financial problems. Even though it has not been included in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, "behavioral addictions" section, CBD is a hot topic in current clinical psychiatry, because of its relevant prevalence (at least 5% in adult populations) and severe effect on quality of life...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602145/neural-correlate-of-internet-use-in-patients-undergoing-psychological-treatment-for-internet-addiction
#2
Carlo Lai, Daniela Altavilla, Marianna Mazza, Silvia Scappaticci, Renata Tambelli, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Luciani, Stefano Corvino, David Martinelli, Flaminia Alimonti, Federico Tonioni
BACKGROUND: The new version of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5th) proposed the Internet Gaming Disorder for the diagnosis of Internet addiction (IA) considering the neurobiological evidence of the craving. AIMS: The aim was to test the neural correlate in response to the Internet cue in patients with IA. METHODS: Sixteen males with IA diagnosis (clinical group) and 14 healthy male (control group) were recruited for an experimental visual task composed of Internet images and emotional images...
June 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589470/a-narrative-review-of-potential-treatment-strategies-for-food-addiction
#3
REVIEW
Shae-Leigh C Vella, Nagesh B Pai
The concept of food addiction (FA) remains controversial with research being in the nascent stages; FA like any addiction can have a devastating impact on the lives of those afflicted. There exists a clinical need for treatment strategies for those affected. This article reviews potential treatment strategies for FA. The treatment strategies target four core behaviours of the addiction phenotype specifically craving through the opioid system, impulsivity as a personality trait, compulsivity through the serotonergic system and lastly motivation through the dopaminergic system...
June 6, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581544/polish-adaptation-of-the-psychache-scale-by-ronald-holden-and-co-workers
#4
Jan Chodkiewicz, Joanna Miniszewska, Dorota Strzelczyk, Krzysztof Gąsior
OBJECTIVES: The conducted study was aimed at making a Polish adaptation of the Scale of Psychache by Ronald Holden and co-workers. The scale is a self-assessment method which comprises 13 statements and is designed to assess subjectively experienced psychological pain. METHODS: 300 persons were examined - undergraduates and postgraduates of the University of Lodz and the Technical University of Lodz. The group of the study participants consisted of 185 women and 115 men...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581535/differential-criteria-for-binge-eating-disorder-and-food-addiction-in-the-context-of-causes-and-treatment-of-obesity
#5
REVIEW
Monika Bąk-Sosnowska
OBJECTIVES: To establish the differential criteria for Binge Eating Disorder (BED) and Food Addiction (FA). METHODS: We performed a detailed analysis of comparative diagnostic criteria for BED and Substance use disorder contained in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-V. We applied the diagnostic criteria for both disorders to scientific publications on the issue of excessive eating in obese people, during the years 2005-2016, available on PubMed...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564556/brain-on-fire-incentive-salience-hedonic-hot-spots-dopamine-obesity-and-other-hunger-games
#6
Jameason D Cameron, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Anders M Sjödin, Gary S Goldfield
This review examines human feeding behavior in light of psychological motivational theory and highlights the importance of midbrain dopamine (DA). Prospective evidence of both reward surfeit and reward deficit pathways to increased body weight are evaluated, and we argue that it is more complex than an either/or scenario when examining DA's role in reward sensitivity, eating, and obesity. The Taq1A genotype is a common thread that ties the contrasting models of DA reward and obesity; this genotype related to striatal DA is not associated with obesity class per se but may nevertheless confer an increased risk of weight gain...
May 31, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558728/the-validity-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-compulsive-internet-use-scale-cius
#7
Roseline Kim Fong Yong, Akiomi Inoue, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Prolonged Internet use is often associated with reduced social involvement and comorbid psychopathologies, including depression, anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Asian countries where Internet access is widely available have high reported levels of Internet addiction. As Internet use has changed drastically since concerns about Internet addiction were first raised, the results of recent studies may be inaccurate because the scales they employed to measure Internet addiction were formulated for different Internet usage from the present...
May 30, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557129/recreational-stimulants-herbal-and-spice-cannabis-the-core-psychobiological-processes-that-underlie-their-damaging-effects
#8
Andrew C Parrott, Amie C Hayley, Luke A Downey
AIMS: Recreational drugs are taken for their positive mood effects, yet their regular usage damages well-being. The psychobiological mechanisms underlying these damaging effects will be debated. METHODS: The empirical literature on recreational cannabinoids and stimulant drugs is reviewed. A theoretical explanation for how they cause similar types of damage is outlined. RESULTS: All psychoactive drugs cause moods and psychological states to fluctuate...
May 30, 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554034/psychosocial-interventions-for-addiction-affected-families-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Anil Rane, Sydney Church, Urvita Bhatia, Jim Orford, Richard Velleman, Abhijit Nadkarni
AIM: To review the literature on psychosocial interventions for addiction affected family members in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC). METHODS: A systematic review with a detailed search strategy focussing on psychosocial interventions directed towards people affected by addiction without any gender, year or language specifications was conducted. Identified titles and abstracts were screened; where needed full papers retrieved, and then independently reviewed...
May 17, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546740/new-developments-in-managing-opioid-addiction-impact-of-a-subdermal-buprenorphine-implant
#10
REVIEW
MariaLisa Itzoe, Michael Guarnieri
Opioid addiction to prescription and illicit drugs is a serious and growing problem. In the US alone, >2.4 million people suffer from opioid use disorder. Government and pharmaceutical agencies have begun to address this crisis with recently released and revised task forces and medication-assisted therapies (MAT). For decades, oral or intravenous (IV) MATs have helped patients in their recovery by administration of opioid agonists (methadone, buprenorphine, oxycodone), antagonists (naltrexone, naloxone), and combinations of the two (buprenorphine/naloxone)...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545572/intensive-case-management-for-addiction-to-promote-engagement-with-care-of-people-with-severe-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-an-observational-study
#11
Stéphane Morandi, Benedetta Silva, Philippe Golay, Charles Bonsack
BACKGROUND: Co-occurring severe mental and substance use disorders are associated with physical, psychological and social complications such as homelessness and unemployment. People with severe mental and substance use disorders are difficult to engage with care. The lack of treatment worsens their health and social conditions and increases treatment costs, as emergency department visits arise. Case management has proved to be effective in promoting engagement with care of people with severe mental and substance use disorders...
May 25, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535815/internet-based-attentional-bias-modification-training-as-add-on-to-regular-treatment-in-alcohol-and-cannabis-dependent-outpatients-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-control-trial
#12
Janika Heitmann, Madelon E van Hemel-Ruiter, Karin M Vermeulen, Brian D Ostafin, Colin MacLeod, Reinout W Wiers, Laura DeFuentes-Merillas, Martine Fledderus, Wiebren Markus, Peter J de Jong
BACKGROUND: The automatic tendency to attend to and focus on substance-related cues in the environment (attentional bias), has been found to contribute to the persistence of addiction. Attentional bias modification (ABM) interventions might, therefore, contribute to treatment outcome and the reduction of relapse rates. Based on some promising research findings, we designed a study to test the clinical relevance of ABM as an add-on component of regular intervention for alcohol and cannabis patients...
May 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512684/therapeutic-applications-of-classic-hallucinogens
#13
Michael P Bogenschutz, Stephen Ross
This chapter reviews what is known about the therapeutic uses of the serotonergic or classic hallucinogens, i.e., psychoactive drugs such as LSD and psilocybin that exert their effects primarily through agonist activity at serotonin 2A (5HT2A) receptors. Following a review of the history of human use and scientific study of these drugs, the data from clinical research are summarized, including extensive work on the use of classic hallucinogens in the treatment of alcoholism and other addictions, studies of the use of LSD and psilocybin to relieve distress concerning death, particularly in patients with advanced or terminal cancer, and more limited data concerning the use of classic hallucinogens to treat mood and anxiety disorders...
May 18, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512435/the-role-of-self-esteem-and-fear-of-negative-evaluation-in-compulsive-buying
#14
Roberta Biolcati
Compulsive buying is a relatively new addictive disorder that interferes with everyday functioning and may result in serious psychological and financial problems (1). A very few data are currently available regarding this behavioral addiction. This study investigated gender differences in the relationships between contingent self-esteem (CSE), fear of negative evaluation (FNE), and compulsive buying. Participants included 240 Italian adults (170 females, M age = 33.80) who responded to self-report questionnaires...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511843/interpellating-recovery-the-politics-of-identity-in-recovery-focused-treatment
#15
Renae Fomiatti, David Moore, Suzanne Fraser
Much research tends to treat alcohol and other drug 'recovery' as a process of positive identity change and development. In this article, we depart from this dominant approach by examining how the social and material practices of alcohol and other drug treatment are themselves active in the constitution of 'recovery identity'. Using Judith Butler's theorisation of interpellation, we examine the accounts of treatment experiences and practices provided in interviews with people who inject drugs. In contrast to the existing literature, we argue that the 'recovering addict' is a socially produced category rather than a coherent psychological identity...
May 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492954/design-and-validation-of-a-cannabis-use-intention-questionnaire-cuiq-for-adolescents
#16
Daniel Lloret Irles, Ramón Morell-Gomis, Ana Laguía, Juan A Moriano
In Spain, one in four 14 to 18-year-old adolescents has used cannabis during the last twelve months. Demand for treatment has increased in European countries. These facts have prompted the development of preventive interventions that require screening tools in order to identify the vulnerable population and to properly asses the efficacy of such interventions. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), widely used to forecast behavioural intention, has also demonstrated a good predictive capacity in addictions...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492951/information-and-communications-technologies-ict-problematic-use-of-internet-video-games-mobile-phones-instant-messaging-and-social-networks-using-multicage-tic
#17
Eduardo J Pedrero Pérez, José María Ruiz Sánchez de León, Gloria Rojo Mota, Marcos Llanero Luque, Jara Pedrero Aguilar, Sara Morales Alonso, Carmen Puerta García
Use/abuse of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) has in recent years become a topic of great interest. Current discussion addresses whether it must be considered addictive behaviour and if it is a problem that primarily affects adolescents and youth. This study aims to understand the problems that affect people of all ages in controlling the use of these ICTs and whether they are related to mental health problems, stress and difficulties in executive control of behaviour. A survey was administered through social networks and email, using the MULTICAGE-ICT, a questionnaire that explores problems in the use of Internet, mobile phones, video games, instant messaging and social networks...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477247/why-psychiatry-needs-3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-a-child-psychiatrist-s-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Ben Sessa
Since the late 1980s the psychoactive drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has had a well-known history as the recreationally used drug ecstasy. What is less well known by the public is that MDMA started its life as a therapeutic agent and that in recent years an increasing amount of clinical research has been undertaken to revisit the drug's medical potential. MDMA has unique pharmacological properties that translate well to its proposed agent to assist trauma-focused psychotherapy. Psychological trauma-especially that which arises early in life from child abuse-underpins many chronic adult mental disorders, including addictions...
May 5, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476013/deficits-in-recognizing-disgust-facial-expressions-and-internet-addiction-perceived-stress-as-a-mediator
#19
Zhongting Chen, Kai-Tak Poon, Cecilia Cheng
Studies have examined social maladjustment among individuals with Internet addiction, but little is known about their deficits in specific social skills and the underlying psychological mechanisms. The present study filled these gaps by (a) establishing a relationship between deficits in facial expression recognition and Internet addiction, and (b) examining the mediating role of perceived stress that explains this hypothesized relationship. Ninety-seven participants completed validated questionnaires that assessed their levels of Internet addiction and perceived stress, and performed a computer-based task that measured their facial expression recognition...
April 26, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473252/alcohol-seeking-and-relapse-a-focus-on-incentive-salience-and-contextual-conditioning
#20
REVIEW
Milan D Valyear, Franz R Villaruel, Nadia Chaudhri
Environmental stimuli that reliably accompany alcohol intake can become associated with the pharmacological effects of alcohol through classical (Pavlovian) conditioning. Of growing interest to addiction researchers is whether or not this process results in the attribution of incentive salience to alcohol-predictive cues, which could motivate alcohol-seeking behavior and relapse. To evaluate this question, we present a review of rodent behavioral studies that examined the capacity of alcohol-predictive cues to (i) support sign-tracking behavior, (ii) serve as conditioned reinforcers, and (iii) produce Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer...
May 1, 2017: Behavioural Processes
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