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Addiction Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068379/the-firepower-of-work-craving-when-self-control-is-burning-under-the-rubble-of-self-regulation
#1
Kamila Wojdylo, Nicola Baumann, Julius Kuhl
Work craving theory addresses how work-addicted individuals direct great emotion-regulatory efforts to weave their addictive web of working. They crave work for two main emotional incentives: to overcompensate low self-worth and to escape (i.e., reduce) negative affect, which is strategically achieved through neurotic perfectionism and compulsive working. Work-addicted individuals' strong persistence and self-discipline with respect to work-related activities suggest strong skills in volitional action control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057531/resting-state-brain-connectivity-patterns-before-eventual-relapse-into-cocaine-abuse
#2
M Berlingeri, D Losasso, A Girolo, E Cozzolino, T Masullo, M Scotto, M Sberna, G Bottini, E Paulesu
According to recent theories, drug addicted patients suffer of an impaired response inhibition and salience attribution (I-RISA) together with a perturbed connectivity between the nuclei accumbens (NAcs) and the orbito-prefrontal (oPFC) and dorsal prefrontal (dPFC) cortices, brain regions associated with motivation and cognitive control. To empirically test these assumptions, we evaluated the (neuro)psychological trait and the functional organization of the resting state brain networks associated with the NAcs in 18 former cocaine abusers (FCAs), while being in drug abstinence since 5 months...
January 2, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054975/determinants-of-quality-of-life-in-high-dose-benzodiazepine-misusers
#3
Stefano Tamburin, Angela Federico, Marco Faccini, Rebecca Casari, Laura Morbioli, Valentina Sartore, Antonio Mirijello, Giovanni Addolorato, Fabio Lugoboni
Benzodiazepines (BZDs) are among the most widely prescribed drugs in developed countries, but they have a high potential for tolerance, dependence and misuse. High-dose BZD misuse represents an emerging addiction phenomenon, but data on quality of life (QoL) in high-dose BZD misusers are scant. This study aimed to explore QoL in high-dose BZD misuse. We recruited 267 high-dose BZD misusers, compared the QoL scores in those who took BZD only to poly-drug misusers, and explored the role of demographic and clinical covariates through multivariable analysis...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050185/comparing-acceptance-and-commitment-group-therapy-and-12-steps-narcotics-anonymous-in-addict-s-rehabilitation-process-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Manoochehr Azkhosh, Ali Farhoudianm, Hemn Saadati, Fateme Shoaee, Leila Lashani
Objective: Substance abuse is a socio-psychological disorder. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy with 12-steps Narcotics Anonymous on psychological well-being of opiate dependent individuals in addiction treatment centers in Shiraz, Iran. Method: This was a randomized controlled trial. Data were collected at entry into the study and at post-test and follow-up visits. The participants were selected from opiate addicted individuals who referred to addiction treatment centers in Shiraz...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033474/hypothesizing-that-neuropharmacological-and-neuroimaging-studies-of-glutaminergic-dopaminergic-optimization-complex-kb220z-are-associated-with-dopamine-homeostasis-in-reward-deficiency-syndrome-rds
#5
Kenneth Blum, Marcelo Febo, Lyle Fried, Mona Li, Kristina Dushaj, Eric R Braverman, Thomas McLaughlin, Bruce Steinberg, Rajendra D Badgaiyan
BACKGROUND: There is need for better treatments of addictive behaviors, both substance and non-substance related, termed Reward Deficiency Syndrome (RDS). While the FDA has approved pharmaceuticals under the umbrella term Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT), these drugs are not optimal. OBJECTIVES: It is our contention that these drugs work well in the short-term by blocking dopamine function leading to psychological extinction. However, use of buprenorphine/Naloxone over a long period of time results in unwanted addiction liability, reduced emotional affect, and mood changes including suicidal ideation...
December 29, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032796/peter-nathan-1935-2016
#6
Don Fowles
Presents an obituary for Peter Nathan who died suddenly on May 8, 2016, in Iowa City, Iowa. Nathan was an outstanding clinical scientist who's pioneering research confirming the effectiveness of psychological interventions to treat alcoholism and substance abuse set off an explosion of research and clinical applications over the ensuing decades. He made seminal contributions to diagnostic decision making, syndromal assessment, and science-based treatments of psychopathology. He helped found the field of social and behavioral science of addiction...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032791/correction-to-summary-report-of-journal-operations-2014
#7
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Summary report of journal operations, 2014" by (American Psychologist, 2015[Jul-Aug], Vol 70[5], 455-456). In the report, the reported number of manuscripts received, accepted, and pending along with their accompanying rejection rates had errors in the following journals: Journal of Abnormal Psychology; Journal of Applied Psychology; Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology; Journal of Counseling Psychology; Journal of Experimental Psychology: General; Journal of Family Psychology; Journal of Personality and Social Psychology; Psychological Assessment; Psychological Methods; Psychological Review; Psychology and Aging; Psychology of Addictive Behaviors; Psychology, Public Policy, and Law; and Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032785/psychology-and-neuroscience-how-close-are-we-to-an-integrative-perspective-reply-to-staats-2016-and-tryon-2016
#8
Seth J Schwartz, Scott O Lilienfeld, Alan Meca, Katheryn C Sauvigné
This article responds to commentaries written by Warren Tryon (2016) and Arthur Staats (2016) concerning Schwartz, Lilienfeld, Meca, and Sauvigné (2016). In this reply, we reiterate our key thesis-that psychology, and the problems it addresses, are likely best approached from multiple levels of analysis. Unlike Tryon, we are not convinced that neural networks and computational neuroscience provide a single template through which all of psychology can be integrated. We are in agreement with Staats that attempts to reduce psychological phenomena to neural events alone are likely to be misleading and unproductive...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028687/internet-gamblers-differ-on-social-variables-a-latent-class-analysis
#9
Yasser Khazaal, Anne Chatton, Sophia Achab, Gregoire Monney, Gabriel Thorens, Magali Dufour, Daniele Zullino, Stephane Rothen
Online gambling has gained popularity in the last decade, leading to an important shift in how consumers engage in gambling and in the factors related to problem gambling and prevention. Indebtedness and loneliness have previously been associated with problem gambling. The current study aimed to characterize online gamblers in relation to indebtedness, loneliness, and several in-game social behaviors. The data set was obtained from 584 Internet gamblers recruited online through gambling websites and forums...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018255/an-affective-neuroscience-framework-for-the-molecular-study-of-internet-addiction
#10
Christian Montag, Cornelia Sindermann, Benjamin Becker, Jaak Panksepp
Internet addiction represents an emerging global health issue. Increasing efforts have been made to characterize risk factors for the development of Internet addiction and consequences of excessive Internet use. During the last years, classic research approaches from psychology considering personality variables as vulnerability factor, especially in conjunction with neuroscience approaches such as brain imaging, have led to coherent theoretical conceptualizations of Internet addiction. Although such conceptualizations can be valuable aid, the research field is currently lacking a comprehensive framework for determining brain-based and neurochemical markers of Internet addiction...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001458/similarity-and-difference-in-drug-addiction-process-between-heroin-and-methamphetamine-dependent-users
#11
Ziyun Wang, Wei-Xiu Li, Liu Zhi-Min
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the drug addiction process between Chinese heroin- and methamphetamine (MA)-dependent users via a modified 4-stage addiction model (experimentation, occasional use, regular use, and compulsive use). METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted among 683 eligible participants. In the statistical analysis, we selected 340 heroin- and 295 MA-dependent users without illicit drug use prior to onset of heroin or MA use. RESULTS: The addiction process of heroin-dependent users was shorter than that of MA-dependent users, with shorter transitions from the onset of drug-use to the first drug craving (19...
December 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997065/depression-and-severity-of-substance-dependence-among-heroin-dependent-patients-with-adhd-symptoms
#12
Yin-To Liao, Chi-Yen Chen, Mei-Hing Ng, Kuo-You Huang, Wen-Chuan Shao, Tsang-Yaw Lin, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Michael Gossop
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are highly prevalent among heroin-dependent patients. We aim to investigate differences in dependence severity, depression, and quality of life between heroin-dependent patients with and without ADHD-screened positive. METHODS: Heroin-dependent participants (n = 447) entering methadone maintenance treatment were divided into ADHD-screened positive (ADHD-P) and ADHD-screened negative (ADHD-N) groups according to scores of Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS)...
January 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988425/internet-addiction-disorder-personality-characteristics-and-risk-of-pathological-overuse-in-adolescents
#13
Donato Munno, Flora Cappellin, Marta Saroldi, Elisa Bechon, Fanny Guglielmucci, Roberto Passera, Giuseppina Zullo
AIM: Few studies have investigated Internet Addiction (IA) in adolescents in relation to personality characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine whether personality differences exist between adolescents with problematic/pathological Internet use and those with normal Internet use. Our hypothesis was that certain psychopathological personality traits may predispose to the development of maladaptive Internet use. METHODS: The Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent (MMPI-A) were administered to a sample of 224 high school students...
November 10, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977620/changes-of-quality-of-life-and-cognitive-function-in-individuals-with-internet-gaming-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#14
Jae-A Lim, Jun-Young Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Bo Kyung Sohn, Sam-Wook Choi, Yeon Jin Kim, Dai-Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) contributes to poor quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction and is increasingly recognized as a social problem in various countries. However, no evidence exists to determine whether QOL and cognitive dysfunction stabilize after appropriate management. The present study addressed improvement in QOL and cognitive functioning associated with changes in addiction symptoms following outpatient management for IGD. A total of 84 young males (IGD group: N = 44, mean age: 19...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977270/award-for-distinguished-professional-contributions-to-independent-practice-sam-j-tsemberis
#15
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Independent Practice is intended to recognize outstanding independent practitioners in psychology. The award is given to a psychologist working in an area of clinical specialization, health services provision, or consulting, and services provided to any patient population or professional clientele in an independent setting. The 2016 recipient is Sam J. Tsemberis, who "has applied the best of psychological practice and science to address the complex social, health, and economic factors involved in chronic homelessness among persons diagnosed with mental illness and addictions...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977239/liking-wanting-and-the-incentive-sensitization-theory-of-addiction
#16
Kent C Berridge, Terry E Robinson
Rewards are both "liked" and "wanted," and those 2 words seem almost interchangeable. However, the brain circuitry that mediates the psychological process of "wanting" a particular reward is dissociable from circuitry that mediates the degree to which it is "liked." Incentive salience or "wanting," a form of motivation, is generated by large and robust neural systems that include mesolimbic dopamine. By comparison, "liking," or the actual pleasurable impact of reward consumption, is mediated by smaller and fragile neural systems, and is not dependent on dopamine...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960229/automated-telephone-communication-systems-for-preventive-healthcare-and-management-of-long-term-conditions
#17
REVIEW
Pawel Posadzki, Nikolaos Mastellos, Rebecca Ryan, Laura H Gunn, Lambert M Felix, Yannis Pappas, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Steven A Julious, Liming Xiang, Brian Oldenburg, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: Automated telephone communication systems (ATCS) can deliver voice messages and collect health-related information from patients using either their telephone's touch-tone keypad or voice recognition software. ATCS can supplement or replace telephone contact between health professionals and patients. There are four different types of ATCS: unidirectional (one-way, non-interactive voice communication), interactive voice response (IVR) systems, ATCS with additional functions such as access to an expert to request advice (ATCS Plus) and multimodal ATCS, where the calls are delivered as part of a multicomponent intervention...
14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955825/possession-of-weapon-and-school-violence-among-adolescents-and-their-association-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury-substance-use-and-mental-health-issues
#18
Gabriela Ilie, Robert E Mann, Angela Boak, Hayley A Hamilton, Jürgen Rehm, Michael D Cusimano
PURPOSE: Assessment of the association between illegal possession of weapon and assault on school property among adolescents with and without a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) while assessing risk factors for these outcomes. METHODS: Data were derived from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health's 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey completed by students in grades 7-12 (ages 11-20). RESULTS: In this sample of 5478 adolescents, 6...
September 16, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942430/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-problematic-internet-use-and-the-associated-psychological-distress-among-graduate-students-of-bangladesh
#19
Md Azharul Islam, Muhammad Zakir Hossin
A growing body of epidemiological literature suggests that problematic Internet use (PIU) is associated with a range of psychological health problems in adolescents and young adults. This study aimed to explore socio-demographic and behavioural correlates of PIU and examine its association with psychological distress. A total of 573 graduate students from Dhaka University of Bangladesh responded to a self-administered questionnaire that included internet addiction test (IAT), 12-items General Health Questionnaire and a set of socio-demographic and behavioural factors...
2016: Asian journal of gambling issues and public health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929303/correction-to-campos-melady-et-al-2016
#20
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The Effect of Therapists' Adherence and Competence in Delivering the Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach on Client Outcomes" by Marita Campos-Melady, Jane Ellen Smith, Robert J. Meyers, Susan H. Godley and Mark D. Godley (Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Advanced Online Publication, Oct 13, 2016, np). In the original article, the disclosed interest for Mark D. Godley in the author note is misrepresented. The accurate representation is that the organization employing Mark D. Godley, Chestnut Health Systems, receives fees for A-CRA training...
December 8, 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
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