keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Addiction Psychology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937573/committee-opinion-no-721-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy
#1
(no author information available yet)
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician-gynecologist can be the critical element in prenatal smoking cessation. An office-based protocol that systematically identifies pregnant women who smoke and offers treatment or referral has been proved to increase quit rates...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937568/committee-opinion-no-721-summary-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy
#2
(no author information available yet)
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician-gynecologist can be the critical element in prenatal smoking cessation. An office-based protocol that systematically identifies pregnant women who smoke and offers treatment or referral has been proved to increase quit rates...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915841/is-there-room-for-resilience-a-scoping-review-and-critique-of-substance-use-literature-and-its-utilization-of-the-concept-of-resilience
#3
REVIEW
Katherine Rudzinski, Peggy McDonough, Rosemary Gartner, Carol Strike
Research in the area of illicit substance use remains preoccupied with describing and analyzing the risks of people who use drugs (PWUD), however more recently there has been a drive to use a strengths-based or resilience approach as an alternative to investigating drug use. This leads us to ask: what can be known about PWUD from the point of view of resilience? The objective of this scoping review is to analyze how the concept of resilience is defined, operationalized, and applied in substance use research...
September 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900372/psychological-stress-has-a-higher-rate-of-developing-addictive-behaviors-compared-to-physical-stress-in-rat-offspring
#4
Masoud Nazeri, Arezoo Ebrahimi, Iraj Aghaei, Samaneh Ghotbi Ravandi, Mohammad Shabani
Prenatal stress could have great influence on development of offspring and might alter cognitive function and other physiological processes of children. The current study was conducted to study the effect of physical or psychological prenatal stress on addictive and anxiety-like behavior of male and female offspring during their adolescence period (postnatal day (PND) 40). Adult female rats were exposed to physical (swimming) or psychological (observing another female rat swimming) stress from day six of gestation for 10 days...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899576/neuroscience-and-everyday-life-facing-the-translation-problem
#5
Jolien C Francken, Marc Slors
To enable the impact of neuroscientific insights on our daily lives, careful translation of research findings is required. However, neuroscientific terminology and common-sense concepts are often hard to square. For example, when neuroscientists study lying to allow the use of brain scans for lie-detection purposes, the concept of lying in the scientific case differs considerably from the concept in court. Furthermore, lying and other cognitive concepts are used unsystematically and have an indirect and divergent mapping onto brain activity...
September 10, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889060/why-narcissists-are-at-risk-for-developing-facebook-addiction-the-need-to-be-admired-and-the-need-to-belong
#6
Silvia Casale, Giulia Fioravanti
Building upon previous research establishing a positive association between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism and problematic social networking use, the present study tests a model that explains how grandiose and vulnerable narcissists might develop Facebook (Fb) addiction symptoms through the need for admiration and the need to belong. A sample of 535 undergraduates (50.08% F; mean age 22.70±2.76years) completed measures of grandiose narcissism, vulnerable narcissism, Fb addiction symptoms, and two brief scales measuring the need for admiration and the need to belong...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885516/treating-acute-pain-in-the-opiate-dependent-patient
#7
Coleen Dever
Opioid drugs, including prescription as well as heroin, have come to the national spotlight due to the unprecedented rate of overdose and addiction. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has termed this problem as an "epidemic" that has reached record numbers of deaths in 2014. Approximately half of these deaths are the result from prescribed opioids. Also on the rise are the numbers of individuals who are diagnosed with chronic pain and are treated with opioids, methadone and buprenorphine. Individuals currently taking opioids for chronic pain confound the treatment of acute pain after traumatic injury...
September 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885359/sustained-dysfunctional-information-processing-in-patients-with-internet-gaming-disorder-6-month-follow-up-erp-study
#8
Minkyung Park, Yeon Jin Kim, Dai Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Internet gaming disorder (IGD), defined as an inability to control Internet-based game play, leads to serious impairment in psychological and social functioning, but few studies have identified the neurophysiological characteristics of patients with IGD. The aim of this study was to determine neurophysiological markers of P300 components associated with changes in symptoms after outpatient management with pharmacotherapy in patients with IGD. The present prospective longitudinal study included 18 patients with IGD and 29 healthy controls...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870687/-act-in-the-treatment-of-sexual-addiction-about-a-clinical-case
#9
S Lantheaume
While referring to the theoretical and practical model of R. Harris (2012), this article proposes the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) in the treatment of sexual addiction. While dependent behaviors begin and may be maintained by refusal of unpleasant emotional states (that is, addict individuals tend to fight or flee negative emotions by replacing eventually painful or otherwise unpleasant states by behaviors providing pleasure), the ACT framework appears as an ally in treatment of addictive behaviors, in that its goal is a fit between patients' behaviors and their values (instead avoidance of unpleasant states avoidance)...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870488/the-effect-of-psychosocial-factors-on-success-rates-of-hepatitis-c-treatment
#10
Maria Janda, Kari A Mergenhagen
OBJECTIVE: Our study was to determine which psychosocial factors interfere with patients reaching sustained virologic response (SVR), a marker for hepatitis C virus eradication. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed between January 6, 2015 and February 24, 2016. The primary outcome was to assess which social and psychological factors may interfere with patients reaching SVR. SVR was defined as having an undetectable viral load 12 weeks after the completion of the treatment regimen...
July 15, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868959/association-between-psychological-and-self-assessed-health-status-and-smartphone-overuse-among-korean-college-students
#11
Hyun-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min, Hye-Jin Kim, Kyoung-Bok Min
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest that subjective health status is closely related to various behavioral addictions, but there are few studies on smartphone overuse. AIM: This study investigated the associations between psychological and subjective health conditions and smartphone overuse in Korean college students. METHOD: A total of 608 college students participated in this study. We investigated the perceived psychological factors, such as stress, depression symptoms and suicidal ideation...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861803/electro-acupuncture-treatment-for-internet-addiction-evidence-of-normalization-of-impulse-control-disorder-in-adolescents
#12
Yang Yang, Hui Li, Xi-Xi Chen, Luo-Ming Zhang, Bing-Jie Huang, Tian-Min Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the impacts of electro-acupuncture (EA) and psychological intervention (PI) on impulsive behavior among internet addiction (IA) adolescents. METHODS: Thirty-two IA adolescents were allocated to either EA (16 cases) or PI (16 cases) group by a randomized digital table. Subjects in the EA group received EA treatment and subjects in the PI group received cognition and behavior therapy. All adolescents underwent 45-d intervention. Sixteen healthy volunteers were recruited into a control group...
September 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857574/cognitive-behavioral-interventions-for-alcohol-and-drug-use-disorders-through-the-stage-model-and-back-again
#13
Kathleen M Carroll, Brian D Kiluk
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) approaches have among the highest level of empirical support for the treatment of drug and alcohol use disorders. As Psychology of Addictive Behaviors marks its 30th anniversary, we review the evolution of CBT for the addictions through the lens of the Stage Model of Behavioral Therapies Development. The large evidence base from Stage II randomized clinical trials indicates a modest effect size with evidence of relatively durable effects, but limited diffusion in clinical practice, as is the case for most empirically validated approaches for mental health and addictive disorders...
August 31, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852233/internet-addiction-among-junior-doctors-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Soumya Prakash
BACKGROUND: The number of Internet users in India crossed 205 million in October 2013. Excessive internet use has been attributed to socio-occupational dysfunction, and this study is targeting the junior doctors on whom not many studies have been done till date. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the proportion of junior doctors with internet addiction and whether there is any relation between increased internet use and psychological distress, assessed using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839344/methodological-pluralism-and-mixed-methodology-to-strengthen-community-psychology-research-an-example-from-oxford-house
#15
Emily M May, Bronwyn A Hunter, Leonard A Jason
This article evaluates how a plurality of research methods has served a research program that has functioned in a much-needed area of research: the role of housing and recovery residences in addiction recovery. The review focuses on one mutually supportive recovery residence model, called Oxford House, which represents more than 1,700 democratic, self-governing residences. To date, there has been no comprehensive evaluation of the research methods used with Oxford House or any other recovery residence. In this article, research methods, including study designs and data analyses, are summarized for 114 peer-reviewed empirical studies that included data on Oxford Houses or Oxford House residents...
January 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838011/-bio-psycho-social-characteristics-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-methamphetamine-dependent-women-gender-specific-results-of-a-systematic-literature-search
#16
Stefanie Neumann, Michael Soyka, Andreas G Franke
Subject Compared to other illicit drugs Methamphetamine (MethA) is used more frequently by women than by men. Assuming the biopsychosocial etiology model, the dependency is based on several factors in which women and men differ significantly. Systematic gender-differentiated knowledge is missing until today. Method Based on a database research (PUBMED) the review examines biological, social and psychological as well as therapeutic aspects in MethA-dependent women. Results MethA-induced cognitive disturbance appear to have severer manifestations in women than in men...
August 24, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837420/relationship-between-childhood-bullying-and-addictive-and-anti-social-behaviors-among-adults-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-national-study
#17
Maha Almuneef, Hassan N Saleheen, Nathalie ElChoueiry, Majid A Al-Eissa
Background Bullying is a widespread public health problem among youth with potentially far reaching negative implications. Objective To determine the prevalence of childhood bullying and its association with addictive and anti-social behaviors among adults. Subjects Adults (n = 10,156) aged ≥18 years were invited to participate. Methods A cross-sectional, national study utilizing Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ) was conducted in Saudi Arabia (SA). Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for bullying in relation to the outcome...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833515/staff-perceptions-of-challenging-parent-staff-interactions-and-beneficial-strategies-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#18
Joshua Friedman, Susan Hatters Friedman, Marc Collin, Richard J Martin
AIM: To characterise neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) staff perceptions regarding factors which may lead to more challenging staff-parent interactions, and beneficial strategies for working with families with whom such interactions occur. METHODS: A survey of 168 physician and nursing staff at two NICUs in American teaching hospitals inquired about their perceptions of challenging parent-staff interactions and situations in which such interactions were likely to occur...
August 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830721/food-addiction-among-sexual-minorities
#19
Jacob C Rainey, Celina R Furman, Ashley N Gearhardt
Although sexual minorities represent a small proportion of the general population, this group has been observed to be at an increased risk of developing various pathologies, including substance use and eating disorders. Research suggests that foods high in added fat and refined carbohydrates may trigger an addictive response, especially in at-risk individuals. Consequently, food addiction is associated with elevated risk for obesity, diet-related disease, and psychological distress. However, there is limited research on whether food addiction, like substance use, may be elevated among sexual minorities, and whether self-compassion may be a protective factor...
August 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822321/neurostimulation-techniques-in-the-treatment-of-cocaine-dependence-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Fady Rachid
OBJECTIVE: Cocaine use disorder is a very common condition that represents a substantial public health problem, and no effective pharmacological or psychological therapies have been identified to date. Urgent therapeutic alternatives are therefore needed such as neurostimulation techniques. The purpose of this review is to describe and discuss studies that have evaluated the safety and efficacy of these techniques for the treatment of cocaine dependence. METHODS: The electronic literature on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, theta-burst stimulation, deep transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current stimulation, magnetic seizure therapy, electroconvulsive therapy, cranial electro-stimulation, and deep brain stimulation in the treatment of cocaine addiction were reviewed...
August 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
keyword
keyword
73740
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"