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Estrogen Reduction

Mark A Guinter, Alexander C McLain, Anwar T Merchant, Dale P Sandler, Susan E Steck
PURPOSE: Healthy or unhealthy lifestyle behaviors are often adopted together. We aimed to investigate the combined effect of estrogen-related lifestyle factors on postmenopausal breast cancer risk. METHODS: Data from 27,153 women enrolled in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial were used. We created an estrogen-related lifestyle score (ERLS) by incorporating a previously developed measure of estrogenic diet, alcohol intake, body mass index (BMI), and physical activity...
April 12, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Marie Stiborová, Helena Dračínská, Lucie Bořek-Dohalská, Zuzana Klusoňová, Jana Holecová, Markéta Martínková, Heinz H Schmeiser, Volker M Arlt
Endocrine disruptors (EDs) are compounds that interfere with the balance of the endocrine system by mimicking or antagonising the effects of endogenous hormones, by altering the synthesis and metabolism of natural hormones, or by modifying hormone receptor levels. The synthetic estrogen 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) and the environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) are exogenous EDs whereas the estrogenic hormone 17β-estradiol is a natural endogenous ED. Although the biological effects of these individual EDs have partially been studied previously, their toxicity when acting in combination has not yet been investigated...
April 9, 2018: Toxicology
Xuelei Yin, Shuaishuai Feng, Yingying Chi, Jinhu Liu, Kaoxiang Sun, Chuanyou Guo, Zimei Wu
An estrogen (ES)-functionalized cationic liposomal system was developed and exploited for targeted delivery to osteosarcoma. Natural biocompatible chotooligosaccharides (COS, MW2-5 KDa) were covalently tethered to the liposomal surface through a disulfate bond (-SS-) to confer reduction-responsive COS detachment, whereas estrogen was grafted via polyethylene glycol (PEG 2 K) chain to achieve estrogen receptor-targeting. The liposomal carriers were prepared by the ethanol injection method and fluorescent anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) was loaded with ammonium sulfate gradient...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Diane Ojo, Xiaozeng Lin, Ying Wu, Jessica Cockburn, Anita Bane, Damu Tang
We report that BMI1 promotes tamoxifen resistance in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer (BC). BMI1 overexpression conferred MCF7 and TD47 cells resistance to tamoxifen; BMI1 knockdown sensitized the process. In MCF7-derived tamoxifen resistant cells, BMI1 expression was upregulated and BMI1 knockdown reduced the resistance. BMI1 is an oncogene; its oncogenic activity is attributed to BMI1-stimulated E3 ubiquitin ligase activity, a process that requires BMI1's ring finger (RF) domain. However, a BMI1 mutant without RF conferred tamoxifen resistance...
April 4, 2018: Cancer Letters
A Vinel, A E Coudert, M Buscato, M C Valera, Ostertag Agnès, J A Katzenellenbogen, B S Katzenellenbogen, A Berdal, S Babajko, J F Arnal, C Fontaine
Estrogens play an important role in bone growth and maturation as well as in the regulation of bone turnover in adults. Although the effects of 17β-estradiol (E2) are well documented in long bones and vertebrae, little is known regarding its action in the mandible. E2 actions could be mediated by estrogen receptor (ER) α or β. ERs act primarily as transcriptional factors through two activation functions (AF)-1 and 2, but they can also elicit membrane-initiated steroid signaling (MISS). The aim of the present study was to define ER pathways involved in E2 effects on mandibular bone...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
N Ahmad, S Chen, W Wang, S Kapila
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, including degenerative TMJ disease, occur primarily in women of reproductive age. Previous studies showed elevated estrogen levels in subjects with TMJ disorders relative to controls and the presence of estrogen receptors α and β (ERα and ERβ) in TMJ fibrocartilage. Additionally, estrogen-induced overexpression of specific matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), including MMP-9 and MMP-13, in TMJ fibrocartilage is accompanied by loss of extracellular matrices. However, the contribution of ERα and ERβ in estrogen-mediated induction of MMP-9 and MMP-13 and the signaling cascade leading to the upregulation of these MMPs have not been elucidated...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Jian Shen, Ning Zhang, Yi-Nuo Lin, PingPing Xiang, Xian-Bao Liu, Peng-Fei Shan, Xin-Yang Hu, Wei Zhu, Yao-Liang Tang, Keith A Webster, Ren-Zhi Cai, Andrew Schally, Jian'an Wang, Hong Yu
<u>Rationale:</u> Vascular calcification (VC) is a marker of the severity of atherosclerotic disease. Hormones play important roles in regulating calcification; estrogen and parathyroid hormones exert opposing effects, the former alleviating VC and the latter exacerbating it. So far no treatment strategies have been developed to regulate clinical VC. <u>Objective:</u> To investigate the effect of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) and its agonist (GHRH-A) on the blocking of VC in a mouse model...
April 4, 2018: Circulation Research
Mei Zhao, Li Yuan, Man-Man Yuan, Li-Li Huang, Chang Su, Yuan-Hua Chen, Yu-Ying Yang, Yan Hu, De-Xiang Xu
An adverse intrauterine environment may be an important factor contributing to the development of type 2 diabetes in later life. The present study investigated the longitudinal effects of maternal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure during the third trimester on glucose metabolism and sex hormone balance in the offspring. Pregnant mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS (50 μg/kg) daily from gestational day (GD) 15 to GD17. Glucose tolerance test (GTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were assessed at postnatal day (PND) 60 and PND120...
March 31, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
D Gareth Evans, Sacha J Howell, Anthony Howell
Increasing numbers of women are being identified at 'high-risk' of breast cancer, defined by The National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE) as a 10-year risk of ≥8%. Classically women have been so identified through family history based risk algorithms or genetic testing of high-risk genes. Recent research has shown that assessment of mammographic density and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), when combined with established risk factors, trebles the number of women reaching the high risk threshold...
March 30, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Mu Yuan, Minhao Hu, Yiyun Lou, Qijing Wang, Luna Mao, Qitao Zhan, Fan Jin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether bisphenol A (BPA) exposure is associated with uterine decidualization and embryo implantation failure in mice. DESIGN: Experimental animal study and in vitro study. SETTING: University-based infertility center. ANIMAL(S): ICR mice. INTERVENTION(S): Mice treated with different doses of BPA; Ishikawa cells cultured in medium of different concentrations of BPA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Embryo implantation sites, uterine weight, quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot analysis, hematoxylin and eosin staining, and immunohistochemical, cell proliferation, and statistical analyses...
April 2018: Fertility and Sterility
Purificación Martínez Del Prado, Isabel Alvarez-López, Severina Domínguez-Fernández, Arrate Plazaola, Oliver Ibarrondo, Elena Galve-Calvo, Nerea Ancizar-Lizarraga, María Gutierrez-Toribio, Ainhara Lahuerta-Martínez, Javier Mar
Purpose: The 21-gene recurrence score (RS) is a genomic test developed as a prognostic and predictive tool to improve the treatment decision making in cases of estrogen receptor-positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative early-stage breast cancer. This study examined the clinical and economic impact of its use in 4 Basque Country university hospitals. Methods: Taking into consideration the RS result, we recorded the recommended initial systemic adjuvant therapy (endocrine therapy with or without chemotherapy) according to standard clinicopathologic factors and the final decision about chemotherapy...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
Murugesan Palaniappan, David Edwards, Chad J Creighton, Daniel Medina, Orla M Conneely
The tumor suppressor gene p53 is frequently mutated in human breast cancer and is a marker for poor prognosis and resistance to chemotherapy. Transplantation of p53 null mouse mammary epithelium into syngeneic wild-type mice leads to normal mammary gland development followed by spontaneous mammary tumors that recapitulate many of the phenotypic, molecular and genetic features of human breast cancer. Transient exposure of p53 null mice to the anti-estrogen, tamoxifen leads to sustained and robust protection against tumor development...
2018: PloS One
Andrea Crespo-Castrillo, Natalia Yanguas-Casás, Maria Angeles Arevalo, Iñigo Azcoitia, George E Barreto, Luis M Garcia-Segura
Previous studies have shown that estradiol reduces reactive gliosis after a stab wound injury in the cerebral cortex. Since the therapeutic use of estradiol is limited by its peripheral hormonal effects, it is of interest to determine whether synthetic estrogenic compounds with tissue-specific actions regulate reactive gliosis. Tibolone is a synthetic steroid that is widely used for the treatment of climacteric symptoms and/or the prevention of osteoporosis. In this study, we have assessed the effect of tibolone on reactive gliosis in the cerebral cortex after a stab wound brain injury in ovariectomized adult female mice...
March 26, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Jin A Shin, Sae Im Jeong, Hye Won Kim, Gyeonghui Jang, Dong-Ryeol Ryu, Young-Ho Ahn, Ji Ha Choi, Youn-Hee Choi, Eun-Mi Park
The adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette efflux transporter ABCG2, which is located in the blood-brain barrier limits the entry of endogenous compounds and xenobiotics into the brain, and its expression and activity are regulated by estrogen. This study was aimed to define the role of ABCG2 in estrogen-mediated neuroprotection against ischemic injury. ABCG2 protein levels before and after ischemic stroke were increased in the brain of female mice by ovariectomy, which were reversed by estrogen replacement...
February 27, 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
Meera Sangaramoorthy, Jocelyn Koo, Esther M John
High dietary fiber intake has been associated with reduced breast cancer risk, but few studies considered tumor subtypes defined by estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status or included racial/ethnic minority populations who vary in their fiber intake. We analyzed food frequency data from a population-based case-control study, including 2135 breast cancer cases (1070 Hispanics, 493 African Americans, and 572 non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs)) and 2571 controls (1391 Hispanics, 557 African Americans, and 623 NHWs)...
March 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Bo Wu, Sapana N Shah, Peijuan Lu, Lauren E Bollinger, Anthony Blaeser, Susan Sparks, Amy D Harper, Qi L Lu
The third most common form of limb-girdle muscular dystrophies is caused by mutations of the Fukutin-related protein (FKRP) gene, with no effective therapy available. Selective estrogen receptor modulators, tamoxifen and raloxifene, have been widely used for human conditions for their anti-inflammatory, antifibrosis, prevention of bone loss, and muscle building effects (essential features for muscular dystrophy therapies). We evaluated therapeutic values of tamoxifen and raloxifene in FKRPP448L mutant mouse with severe dystrophic phenotype...
April 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Glenda Viggiano Campos, Sylvana Rendeiro de Noronha, Aline Arlindo de Souza, Paulo Marcelo Lima, Aline Rezende Abreu, Deoclecio Chianca, Rodrigo Cunha de Menezes
Severe food restriction (FR), as observed in disorders like anorexia nervosa, has been associated to the reduction of estrogen levels, which in turn could lead to anxiety development. Estrogen receptors, mainly ERβ type, are commonly found in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) neurons, an important nucleus related to anxiety modulation and the primary source of serotonin (5-HT) in the brain. Taking together, these findings suggest an involvement of estrogen in anxiety modulation during food restriction, possibly mediated by ERβ activation in serotonergic DRN neurons...
March 19, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Joan T Merrill, William R Shanahan, Morton Scheinberg, Kenneth C Kalunian, David Wofsy, Renee S Martin
BACKGROUND: Targeted inhibitors of B-cell activating factor (BAFF) have been evaluated in phase III trials in over 4000 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Post hoc analyses of these studies identify greater treatment effect in patients entering with higher disease activity, greater corticosteroid doses, anti double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) and low complement C3 or C4. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of blisibimod, a BAFF inhibitor, in a population of patients with SLE enriched for high disease activity...
March 21, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Raquel Marin, Mario Diaz
Estrogens (E2) exert a plethora of neuroprotective actions against aged-associated brain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Part of these actions takes place through binding to estrogen receptors (ER) embedded in signalosomes, where numerous signaling proteins are clustered. Signalosomes are preferentially located in lipid rafts which are dynamic membrane microstructures characterized by a peculiar lipid composition enriched in gangliosides, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol, and sphingolipids. Rapid E2 interactions with ER-related signalosomes appear to trigger intracellular signaling ultimately leading to the activation of molecular mechanisms against AD...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Vanessa Ávila Sarmento Silveira, Renata Falchete do Prado, Yasmin Rodarte Carvalho, Horácio Faig-Leite
Background: The host's answer has an important role in periodontal disease, and the mast cells have a prime role. Such cells seem to be influenced by estrogen deficiency. The objective was to evaluate the mast cells and the expression of metalloproteinase(MMP)-9 in periodontal disease induced in ovariectomized rats. Methods: For that purpose, 36 rats were used; 18 ovariectomized (OVX) and another 18 Sham-operated (SHAM). After 60 days the periodontal disease was induced by a ligature around the first lower right molars (group P)...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
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