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Azathioprine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153397/embolic-stroke-due-to-carotidynia-potentially-associated-with-moving-carotid-artery-caused-by-swallowing
#1
Yoshitaka Yamaguchi, Mikito Hayakawa, Naoto Kinoshita, Chiaki Yokota, Toshiya Ishihara, Kazunori Toyoda
A 63-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis discontinued her medication for rheumatoid arthritis with prednisolone and azathioprine. One month later, she was admitted because of consciousness disturbance and right hemiparesis. Diffusion-weighted brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple hyperintensities in her left frontal and parietal lobes. She also developed high fever and left neck pain. Carotid ultrasonography showed calcified plaque with vessel wall swelling at the bifurcation of the left common carotid artery (LCCA) and surrounding hypoechoic soft tissue...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150359/azathioprine-induce-acute-submandibular-sialadenitis-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease
#2
Adriana Guerra Romero, José Lázaro Pérez Calle, Pilar López Serrano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149926/drug-induced-gastrointestinal-and-hepatic-disease-associated-with-biologics-and-nonbiologic-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs
#3
REVIEW
Patrick R Wood, Liron Caplan
A variety of gastrointestinal adverse drug reactions are seen in nearly all conventional antirheumatic medications, ranging from nausea to life-threatening drug-induced liver injury. Rheumatologists should be particularly familiar with hepatotoxicity associated with long-term methotrexate use, and the range of unique hepatic, biliary, and pancreatic manifestations associated with azathioprine. Hepatitis B virus reactivation is the most serious gastrointestinal disease risk associated with many biological therapies, particularly rituximab...
February 2018: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147133/allopurinol-in-combination-with-thiopurine-induces-mucosal-healing-and-improves-clinical-and-metabolic-outcomes-in-ibd
#4
Brigitte Moreau, Pierre Clement, Yves Theoret, Ernest G Seidman
Background: Thiopurines, azathioprine (AZA) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) are common maintenance medications for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Excessive methylation via thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) frequently causes therapeutic failure. Allopurinol reduces excessive 6-methyl-mercaptopurine (6-MMP) while enhancing 6-thioguanine (6-TGN) levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical, metabolic and endoscopic impact of allopurinol in combination with low-dose thiopurine in IBD...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142522/drug-induced-eosinophilic-pneumonia-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment-using-fraction-of-exhaled-nitric-oxide
#5
Jina Yeo, Hyun Sun Woo, Sang Min Lee, Yoon Jae Kim, Kwang An Kwon, Dong Kyun Park, Jung Ho Kim, Kyoung Oh Kim, Jun-Won Chung
Oral 5-aminosalicylic acid agents (mesalazine and sulfasalazine) and azathioprine are the mainstays of treatment for inflammatory bowel disease. Reports of pulmonary toxicity induced by oral 5-aminosalicylic acid agents or azathioprine in patients with inflammatory bowel disease are very rare; to date, only 38 cases have been reported worldwide. We, herein, report a case involving a 26-year-old man who was diagnosed with eosinophilic pneumonia after using mesalazine and azathioprine for the treatment of Crohn's disease and recovered after treatment...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140288/capillary-electrophoresis-hyphenated-with-mass-spectrometry-for-determination-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-drugs-in-clinical-urine-samples
#6
Katarína Maráková, Juraj Piešťanský, Zuzana Zelinková, Peter Mikuš
Azathioprine is the main thiopurine drug used in the treatment of immune-based inflammations of gastrointestinal tract. For the purpose of therapy control and optimization, effective and reliable analytical methods for a rapid drug monitoring in biological fluids are essential. Here, we developed a separation method based on the capillary electrophoresis (CE) hyphenated with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for the simultaneous determination of azathioprine and its selected metabolites (6-thioguanine, 6-mercaptopurine, and 6-methylmercaptopurine) as well as other co-medicated drugs (mesalazine, prednisone, and allopurinol)...
November 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136268/allopurinol-co-prescription-improves-the-outcome-of-azathioprine-treatment-in-chronic-eczema
#7
Floor M Garritsen, Jorien van der Schaft, Marlies de Graaf, Dirk Jan Hijnen, Carla A F Bruijnzeel-Koomen, Marcel P H van den Broek, Marjolein S de Bruin-Weller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136066/unsuspected-lymphomatoid-granulomatosis-in-a-patient-with-antisynthetase-syndrome
#8
Stephanie L Skala, Alexandra C Hristov, Johann E Gudjonsson, May P Chan
Clinical diagnosis of lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG) often is difficult, especially in patients with multiple comorbidities. We present a 60-year-old woman with worsening fatigue, night sweats, unintentional weight loss, and dyspnea of 2 weeks' duration. Her medical history was remarkable for recent radiation therapy for recurrent breast cancer and antisynthetase syndrome complicated by interstitial lung disease and controlled with azathioprine. Computed tomography showed ground-glass opacities and nodular infiltrates in all lung lobes, raising concern for radiation pneumonitis and drug toxicity...
October 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135823/the-changing-face-of-pediatric-ulcerative-colitis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Massimo Martinelli, Francesca P Giugliano, Marina Russo, Eleonora Giannetti, Marialuisa Andreozzi, Dario Bruzzese, Laura Perrone, Annamaria Staiano, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Erasmo Miele, Pierluigi Marzuillo, Caterina Strisciuglio
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this retrospective study were to describe ulcerative colitis (UC) phenotype at diagnosis and follow-up and to identify possible predictors of severe disease course. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study. We reviewed the charts of patients with UC diagnosed between 2 and 18 years at our referral center from January 2007 to January 2016. Laboratory and clinical features at diagnosis, such as disease extent, atypical phenotypes, extraintestinal manifestations, and therapies, and pattern changes during the follow-up, including relapse rate, disease extension, and the cumulative risk for colectomy were collected...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129978/a-case-of-peripheral-ulcerative-keratitis-associated-with-autoimmune-hepatitis
#10
Hamoon Eshraghi, Aria Mahtabfar, Mohammad H Dastjerdi
Purpose: To describe a case of peripheral ulcerative keratitis in the setting of autoimmune hepatitis and possible overlap syndrome with primary sclerosing cholangitis. Case Report: A 48-year-old African American female with autoimmune hepatitis with possible overlap syndrome with primary sclerosing cholangitis presented with tearing, irritation, and injection of the left eye that was determined to be peripheral ulcerative keratitis. The patient was treated with topical and systemic steroids, immunosuppressant drugs (azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil), a biologic (rituximab), and surgery (conjunctival resection), and the peripheral ulcerative keratitis epithelialized but ultimately led to corneal perforation...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126538/recurrent-pulmonary-aneurysms-hughes-stovin-syndrome-on-the-spectrum-of-beh%C3%A3-et-disease
#11
Sami M Bennji, Leonard du Preez, Stephanie Griffith-Richards, Derrick P Smit, Jonathan Rigby, Coenraad F N Koegelenberg, Elvis M Irusen, Brian W Allwood
In this report, we describe a male patient who presented with recurrent life-threatening hemoptysis due to the sequential formation of multiple pulmonary aneurysms. Both pulmonary artery coil embolization and right lower lobectomy were performed, with limited success. The patient experienced extensive bilateral femoral DVT extending into the inferior vena cava, with massive hemoptysis, fulfilling the diagnosis of Hughes-Stovin syndrome. A final diagnosis of Behçet disease was made following extensive investigation, and the patient responded well to prednisone 20 mg orally and azathioprine 100 mg orally...
November 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123588/infliximab-treatment-in-a-paediatric-patient-with-ulcerative-colitis-who-developed-acute-pancreatitis-due-to-azathioprine-during-follow-up
#12
Ahmet Basturk, Aygen Yilmaz, Meryem Keceli, Reha Artan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122398/-the-pentoxifylline-a-corticosteroid-sparing-in-the-treatment-of-sarcoidosis-a-case-report
#13
B D Diallo, B Diot, T Flament, L Plantier, P Diot, O Y Sow, S Marchand-Adam
INTRODUCTION: The pentoxifylline seems to have some effects on immune cells by inhibiting tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα). Its role as a sparing corticosteroids in the treatment of sarcoidosis remains to be defined. CLINICAL CASE: We present the case of a patient with sarcoidosis corticodependent despite the use of azathioprine. It was finally improved clinically, functionally and by a thoracic computed tomography with addition of pentoxifylline. CONCLUSION: When the tolerance of the pentoxifylline is good and there is not a bleeding risk, the benefit-risk in the long term might be interesting in some patients with sarcoidosis corticodependent...
November 6, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113537/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-with-c1q-deficiency-treatment-with-fresh-frozen-plasma
#14
Z Ekinci, K Ozturk
Treatment and outcome of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in C1q deficient patients are rarely reported. The aim of this report is to share our experience about the course of management of three cases diagnosed as SLE with C1q deficiency, in light of present literature. Initial and dominant complaints of three cases from two different families were cutaneous manifestations. One patient was also diagnosed with arthritis and thrombocytopenia. Antinuclear antibody was positive in all cases, whereas anti-dsDNA was negative with normal levels of complement C3, C4 and decreased CH50 activity...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111215/methotrexate-versus-azathioprine-in-patients-with-atopic-dermatitis-two-years-follow-up-data
#15
Evelien Roekevisch, Mandy Elvira Schram, Mariska Maria Geertruida Leeflang, Marijke Willemijn Dorothée Brouwer, Louise Anna Andrea Gerbens, Jan Dositheus Bos, Phyllis Ira Spuls
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107213/current-and-future-treatment-options-for-pemphigus-is-it-time-to-move-towards-more-effective-treatments
#16
REVIEW
Soheil Tavakolpour
Systemic administration of corticosteroid (CS) remains the standard gold treatment for pemphigus. However, because of several long-term adverse effects, steroid-sparing agents are usually prescribed in combination with CSs. Despite the high number of available studies, the choice of best drugs to treat pemphigus remains controversial. Therapeutic approaches for pemphigus can be divided into traditional treatment and emerging ones. Personalized medicine, which aims to increase the efficacy as well as reduce adverse effects of treatments, could be considered as the future option...
December 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106654/the-population-level-costs-of-immunosuppression-medications-for-the-treatment-of-glomerulonephritis-are-increasing-over-time-due-to-changing-patterns-of-practice
#17
Sean Barbour, Clifford Lo, Gabriela Espino-Hernandez, Sharareh Sajjadi, John Feehally, Scott Klarenbach, Jagbir Gill
Background: Immunosuppression (IS) is the main treatment for most types of glomerulonephritis (GN). Quantifying the cost of IS is necessary to ensure equitable access to therapies and optimal health outcomes, but the real-world cost of IS treatment for GN is largely unknown. We examined temporal changes in the population-level IS medication costs for GN over a 14-year period in a large Canadian province. Methods: We linked a provincial pathology database (containing all GN cases from 2000 to 2012) with renal and medication administrative databases to capture clinical characteristics and IS medications, with follow-up until 2013...
July 2, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105558/comparison-of-disease-activity-between-tacrolimus-and-mycophenolate-mofetil-in-lupus-nephritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
N Kamanamool, A Ingsathit, S Rattanasiri, P Ngamjanyaporn, N Kasitanont, R Chawanasuntorapoj, W Pichaiwong, S Anutrakulchai, P Sangthawan, V Ophascharoensuk, Y Avihingsanon, V Sumethkul
We conducted a prospective multicenter, opened-label, parallel, randomized, controlled trial to compare tacrolimus (TAC) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for induction and maintenance therapy in lupus nephritis (LN). Adult patients with biopsy-proven LN International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society classes III-V and active nephritis were to receive prednisolone (0.7-1.0 mg/kg/day for four weeks of run-in period and tapered) and randomly assigned to receive TAC (0.1 mg/kg/day) or MMF (1.5-2 g/day) as induction therapy for six months...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104132/clinical-and-pharmacokinetic-factors-associated-with-adalimumab-induced-mucosal-healing-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#19
Kenji Watanabe, Takayuki Matsumoto, Tadakazu Hisamatsu, Hiroshi Nakase, Satoshi Motoya, Naoki Yoshimura, Tetsuya Ishida, Shingo Kato, Tomoo Nakagawa, Motohiro Esaki, Masakazu Nagahori, Toshiyuki Matsui, Yuji Naito, Takanori Kanai, Yasuo Suzuki, Masanori Nojima, Mamoru Watanabe, Toshifumi Hibi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We previously reported results from a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of adalimumab monotherapy vs combination with azathioprine for patients with Crohn's disease (CD) who were naïve to biologics and thiopurines. We performed a sub-analysis of data from this study to evaluate factors associated with endoscopic response and mucosal healing in study participants. METHODS: We compared simple endoscopic scores for CD (SES-CD) in between patients with moderate to severe active CD randomly assigned groups that received adalimumab monotherapy (n=85) or adalimumab in combination with azathioprine (n=91), from June 2011 to June 2014 in Japan...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103429/immunotherapeutics-in-pediatric-autoimmune-central-nervous-system-disease-agents-and-mechanisms
#20
Margherita Nosadini, Stefano Sartori, Suvasini Sharma, Russell C Dale
Beyond the major advances produced by careful clinical-radiological phenotyping and biomarker development in autoimmune central nervous system disorders, a comprehensive knowledge of the range of available immune therapies and a deeper understanding of their action should benefit therapeutic decision-making. This review discusses the agents used in neuroimmunology and their mechanisms of action. First-line treatments typically include corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, and plasmapheresis, while for severe disease second-line "induction" agents such as rituximab or cyclophosphamide are used...
August 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
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